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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613579

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We assessed the clinical effectiveness of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in comparison with that of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in octogenarians with triple-vessel disease (TVD) or left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease. METHODS: From the CREDO-Kyoto registry cohort-2, 527 patients, who were ≥ 80 years of age and underwent the first coronary revascularization for TVD or LMCA disease, were divided into the CABG group (N = 151) and the PCI group (N = 376). RESULTS: The median and interquartile range of patient's age was 82 (81-84) in the CABG group and 83 (81-85) in the PCI group (P = 0.10). Patients > = 85 years of age accounted for 19% and 31% in the CABG and PCI groups, respectively (P = 0.01). The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was similar between CABG and PCI groups (35.8% vs. 42.9%, log-rank P = 0.18), while CABG showed a lower rate of the composite of cardiac death/MI than PCI (21.7% vs. 33.9%, log-rank P = 0.005). After adjusting for confounders, the lower risk of CABG relative to PCI was significant for all-cause death (HR 0.61, 95% CI 0.43-0.86, P = 0.005), any coronary revascularization (HR 0.25, 95% CI 0.14-0.43, P < 0.001) and the composite of cardiac death/MI (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.32-0.85, P = 0.009). CONCLUSIONS: CABG compared with PCI was associated with a lower adjusted risk for all-cause death, any coronary revascularization, and a composite of cardiac death/MI in very elderly patients with TVD or LMCA disease. CABG seemed an acceptable option for selected octogenarians with severe coronary artery disease.

2.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497005

RESUMO

Polypharmacy was reported to be associated with increased mortality in various populations. However, there is a scarcity of data on status of polypharmacy and association with long-term mortality in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Among 12,291 patients who underwent first PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we evaluated the number of medications at discharge from index PCI hospitalization, and compared long-term mortality across the 3 groups divided by the tertiles of the number of medications. The median number of medications was 6 (interquartile range: 5 to 8), and 88.0% of the patients were on >=5 medications. Most of medications were those related to cardiovascular disease. Patients taking more medications were older and more often had co-morbidities and guideline-indicated medications. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death increased incrementally with increasing number of medications (Tertile 1 [<=5]: 13.1%, Tertile 2 [6 to 7]: 13.9%, and Tertile 3 [>=8]: 18.0%, log-rank p <0.001). After adjusting confounders, the mortality risks of Tertile 2 and Tertile 3 relative to Tertile 1 were no longer significant (Tertile 2: hazard ratio 0.93; 95% confidence interval 0.84 to 1.04; p = 0.23, and Tertile 3: hazard ratio 0.91; 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.03; p = 0.14, respectively). In conclusion, in a real-world population of patients who underwent PCI, approximately 90% of patients were on >=5 medications. Increasing medications was associated with higher crude incidence of all-cause death, whereas adjusted mortality risks were similar regardless of the number of medications. These data might suggest that achievement of optimal medical therapy would be preferred, even if it might increase the number of medications used.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524599

RESUMO

Anticoagulation therapy is prescribed for the prevention of recurrence in patients with venous thromboembolism, which could be temporarily interrupted during invasive procedures. The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE in Japan between January 2010 and August 2014. We identified patients who underwent invasive procedures during the entire follow-up period and evaluated periprocedural managements and clinical outcomes at 30 days after invasive procedures. During a median follow-up period of 1213 (IQR: 847-1764) days, 518 patients underwent invasive procedures with the cumulative incidences of 5.8% at 3 months, 11.1% at 1 year, and 24.0% at 5 years. Among 382 patients in high bleeding-risk category of invasive procedures, anticoagulation therapy had been discontinued already in 62 patients (16%) and interrupted temporarily in 288 patients (75%) during the invasive procedures with bridging anticoagulation therapy with heparin in 214 patients (56%). Among 80 patients in low bleeding-risk category, anticoagulation therapy had been already discontinued in 15 patients (19%) and interrupted temporarily in 31 patients (39%) during invasive procedure with bridging anticoagulation therapy with heparin in 17 patients (21%). At 30 days after the invasive procedures, 14 patients (2.7%) experienced recurrent VTE, while 28 patients (5.4%) had major bleeding. This study elucidated the real-world features of peri-procedural management and prognosis in patients with VTE who underwent invasive procedures during follow-up in the large multicenter VTE registry. The 30-day incidence rates of recurrent VTE and major bleeding events were 2.7% and 5.4%.

4.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021417, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533047

RESUMO

Background It remains controversial whether long-term clinical impact of newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is different from that of prior AF diagnosed before the onset of AMI. Methods and Results The current study population from the CREDO-Kyoto AMI (Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto Acute Myocardial Infarction) Registry Wave-2 consisted of 6228 patients with AMI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The baseline characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes were compared according to AF status (newly diagnosed AF: N=489 [7.9%], prior AF: N=589 [9.5%], and no AF: N=5150 [82.7%]). Median follow-up duration was 5.5 years. Patients with newly diagnosed AF and prior AF had similar baseline characteristics with higher risk profile than those with no AF including older age and more comorbidities. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was higher in newly diagnosed AF and prior AF than no AF (38.8%, 40.7%, and 18.7%, P<0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF remained significant with similar magnitude (HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.12-1.54; P<0.001, and HR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.14-1.52; P<0.001, respectively). The cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke decreased in the order of newly diagnosed AF, prior AF and no AF (15.5%, 12.9%, and 6.3%, respectively, P<0.001). The higher adjusted HRs of both newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for stroke, with a greater risk of newly diagnosed AF than that of prior AF (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.56-2.69; P<0.001, and HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.00-1.78; P=0.048, respectively). The higher stroke risk of newly diagnosed AF compared with prior AF was largely driven by the greater risk within 30 days. The higher adjusted HRs of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for heart failure hospitalization (HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.35-2.22; P<0.001, and HR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.82-2.74; P<0.001, respectively) and major bleeding (HR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.23-1.73; P<0.001, and HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.15-1.60; P<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Newly diagnosed AF in AMI had risks for mortality, heart failure hospitalization, and major bleeding higher than no AF, and comparable to prior AF. The risk of newly diagnosed AF for stroke might be higher than that of prior AF.

5.
J Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518074

RESUMO

Clinicians have been more and more often encountering patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE), including pulmonary embolism and deep vein thrombosis, leading to the increased importance of VTE in daily clinical practice. VTE is becoming a common issue in Asian countries including Japan. The management strategies of VTE have changed dramatically in the past decade including the introduction of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). In addition, there have been several landmark clinical trials assessing acute treatment strategies including thrombolysis and inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. The current VTE guidelines do not recommend the routine use of thrombolysis or IVC filters based on recent evidence; Nevertheless, the prevalence of thrombolysis and IVC filter use in Japan was strikingly high. The novel profiles of DOACs with rapid onset of action and potential benefit of a lower risk for bleeding compared with vitamin K antagonist could make home treatment feasible and is safer even with extended anticoagulation therapy. One of the most clinically relevant issues for VTE treatment is optimal duration of anticoagulation for the secondary prevention of VTE. Considering recent evidence, optimal duration of anticoagulation should be determined based on the risk for recurrence as well as the risk for bleeding in an individual patient. Despite the recent advances for VTE management, there are still a number of uncertain issues that challenge clinicians in daily clinical practice, such as cancer-associated VTE and minor VTE including subsegmental pulmonary embolism and distal deep vein thrombosis, warranting future research. Several clinical trials are now ongoing for these issues, globally as well as in Japan. The current review is aimed to overview the recent advances in VTE management, describe the current status including some domestic issues in Japan, and discuss the future perspective of VTE.

6.
Exp Eye Res ; 212: 108770, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34562437

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cancer-associated retinal ON bipolar cell dysfunction (CARBD), which includes melanoma-associated retinopathy (MAR), has been reported to be caused by autoantibodies against the molecules expressed in ON bipolar cells, including TRPM1. The purpose of this study was to determine the antigenic regions of the autoantibodies against TRPM1 in the sera of CARBD patients, in whom we previously detected anti-TRPM1 autoantibodies. METHODS: The antigenic regions against TRPM1 in the sera of eight CARBD patients were examined by Western blots using HEK293T cells transfected with the plasmids expressing FLAG-tagged TRPM1 fragments. The clinical course of these patients was also documented. RESULTS: The clinical course differed among the patients. The electroretinograms (ERGs) and symptoms were improved in three patients, deteriorated in one patient, remained unchanged for a long time in one patient, and were not followable in three patients. Seven of the eight sera possessed multiple antigenic regions: two sera contained at least four antigen recognition regions, and three sera had at least three regions. The antigen regions were spread over the entire TRPM1 protein: five sera in the N-terminal intracellular domain, six sera in the transmembrane-containing region, and six sera in the C-terminal intracellular domain. No significant relationship was observed between the location of the antigen epitope and the patients' clinical course. CONCLUSIONS: The antigenic regions of anti-TRPM1 autoantibodies in CARBD patients were present not only in the N-terminal intracellular domain, which was reported in an earlier report, but also in the transmembrane-containing region and in the C-terminal intracellular domain. In addition, the antigenic regions for TRPM1 were found to vary among the CARBD patients examined, and most of the sera had multiple antigenic regions.

7.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal intensity is unclear for P2Y12receptor blocker therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in real-world clinical practice.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, the current study population consisted of 25,419 patients (Cohort-2: n=12,161 and Cohort-3: n=13,258) who underwent their first PCI. P2Y12receptor blocker therapies were reduced dose of ticlopidine (200 mg/day), and global dose of clopidogrel (75 mg/day) in 87.7% and 94.8% of patients in Cohort-2 and Cohort-3, respectively. Cumulative 3-year incidence of GUSTO moderate/severe bleeding was significantly higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2 (12.1% and 9.0%, P<0.0001). After adjusting 17 demographic factors and 9 management factors potentially related to the bleeding events other than the type of P2Y12receptor blocker, the higher bleeding risk in Cohort-3 relative to Cohort-2 remained significant (hazard ratio (HR): 1.52 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-1.68, P<0.0001). Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was not associated with lower adjusted risk for myocardial infarction/ischemic stroke (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.87-1.06, P=0.44). CONCLUSIONS: In this historical comparative study, Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was associated with excess bleeding risk, which might be at least partly explained by the difference in P2Y12receptor blockers.

8.
Int J Cardiol ; 343: 107-113, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the long-term clinical outcomes according to the severity of pulmonary embolism (PE) at initial diagnosis. METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). After excluding 1312 patients without PE, the current study population consisted of 1715 patients with PE, who were divided into 3 groups according to the clinical severity; massive PE, sub-massive PE and low-risk PE. RESULTS: There were 179 patients (10%) with massive PE, 742 patients (43%) with sub-massive PE, and 794 patients (46%) with low-risk PE. By the landmark analysis at 3 months, the cumulative incidences of recurrent VTE were similar among the 3 groups both within and beyond 3 months (Massive PE: 2.9%, Sub-massive PE: 4.2%, and Low-risk PE: 3.3%, P = 0.61, and 4.3%, 8.8%, and 7.8% at 5 years, P = 0.47, respectively). After adjusting confounders, the risk of massive PE relative to low-risk PE for recurrent VTE beyond 3 months remained insignificant (adjusted HR 0.54, 95% CI: 0.13-1.51, P = 0.27). Patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis more often presented as severe recurrent PE events than those with sub-massive and low-risk PE. CONCLUSIONS: In the current real-world large registry, the long-term risk of overall recurrent VTE in patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis did not significantly differ from those with sub-massive and low-risk PE beyond 3 months, although patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis more frequently developed recurrent VTE as PE with severe clinical presentation.

9.
Transl Stroke Res ; 2021 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389965

RESUMO

In conjunction with recent advancements in machine learning (ML), such technologies have been applied in various fields owing to their high predictive performance. We tried to develop prehospital stroke scale with ML. We conducted multi-center retrospective and prospective cohort study. The training cohort had eight centers in Japan from June 2015 to March 2018, and the test cohort had 13 centers from April 2019 to March 2020. We use the three different ML algorithms (logistic regression, random forests, XGBoost) to develop models. Main outcomes were large vessel occlusion (LVO), intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and cerebral infarction (CI) other than LVO. The predictive abilities were validated in the test cohort with accuracy, positive predictive value, sensitivity, specificity, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), and F score. The training cohort included 3178 patients with 337 LVO, 487 ICH, 131 SAH, and 676 CI cases, and the test cohort included 3127 patients with 183 LVO, 372 ICH, 90 SAH, and 577 CI cases. The overall accuracies were 0.65, and the positive predictive values, sensitivities, specificities, AUCs, and F scores were stable in the test cohort. The classification abilities were also fair for all ML models. The AUCs for LVO of logistic regression, random forests, and XGBoost were 0.89, 0.89, and 0.88, respectively, in the test cohort, and these values were higher than the previously reported prediction models for LVO. The ML models developed to predict the probability and types of stroke at the prehospital stage had superior predictive abilities.

10.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 325, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34425765

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum anti-proteinase 3 antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (PR3-ANCA) is a disease-specific antibody against granulomatosis with polyangiitis. PR3-ANCA is a useful serological marker for disease severity in ulcerative colitis (UC). The purpose of this study was to investigate whether PR3-ANCA levels could also predict the success of induction therapy and to compare its performance against other markers, including serum CRP and fecal hemoglobin. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective study. In total, 159 patients with active-phase UC underwent colonoscopy. Disease activity was measured using the Mayo endoscopic subscore (MES). PR3-ANCA positivity and the response to induction therapy, either 5-aminosalicylic acid or steroid, were assessed. PR3-ANCA, CRP, and fecal hemoglobin were measured during the active phase, and during clinical remission. RESULTS: Eighty-five (53.5%) of 159 patients with active UC were positive for PR3-ANCA. PR3-ANCA titers were significantly higher in the group of patients with MES 3 compared to patients with MES 1 (P = 0.002) or MES 2 (P = 0.035). Steroid therapy was administered to 56 patients with a median partial Mayo score of 7 (5-9), which is equivalent to moderate-to-severe disease activity. PR3-ANCA positivity of non-responders to steroid therapy was significantly higher than that of responders (71.9% vs, 41.7%, P = 0.030), whereas CRP and fecal hemoglobin were not predictive of steroid response. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that PR3-ANCA positivity was associated with non-response to steroid therapy (odds ratio 5.19; 95% confidence interval, 1.54-17.5; P = 0.008). Of the 37 patients treated to clinical remission who were also positive for PR3-ANCA during the active phase, 27 had an MES of ≥ 1, and 10 patients had an MES of 0. In clinical remission, the proportion of patients with MES 0 in 17 patients whose PR3-ANCA became negative was significantly higher than that in 20 patients whose PR3-ANCA remained positive (47.1% vs. 10.0%, P = 0.023). CONCLUSIONS: PR3-ANCA not only serves as a marker of disease activity, but also predicts the failure of steroid therapy in moderate-to-severe UC. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study was retrospectively registered in the UMIN Clinical Trials Registry System (000039174) on January 16, 2020.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Colite Ulcerativa , Biomarcadores , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Mieloblastina , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34413244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prehospital stroke triage scales help with the decision to transport patients with suspected stroke to suitable hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of the region-wide use of the Japan Urgent Stroke Triage (JUST) score, which can predict several types of stroke: large vessel occlusion (LVO), intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and cerebral infarction other than LVO (CI). METHODS: We implemented the JUST score and conducted a retrospective and prospective multicenter cohort study at 13 centers in Hiroshima from April 1, 2018, to March 31, 2020. We investigated the success rate of the first request to the hospital, on-scene time, and transport time to hospital. We evaluated the door-to-puncture time, puncture-to-reperfusion time, and 90-day outcome among patients with final diagnoses of LVO. RESULTS: The cohort included 5141 patients (2735 before and 2406 after JUST score implementation). Before JUST score implementation, 1269 strokes (46.4%) occurred, including 140 LVO (5.1%), 394 ICH (14.4%), 120 SAH (4.4%), and 615 CI (22.5%). The JUST score was used in 1484 (61.7%) of the 2406 patients after implementation, which included 1267 (52.7%) cases of stroke (186 LVO (7.7%), 405 ICH (16.8%), 109 SAH (4.5%), and 567 CI (23.6%)). Success rate of the first request to the hospital significantly increased after JUST score implementation (76.3% vs 79.7%, p=0.004). JUST score implementation significantly shortened the door-to-puncture time (84 vs 73 min, p=0.03), but the prognosis remained unaltered among patients with acute LVO. CONCLUSIONS: Use of prehospital stroke triage scales improved prehospital management and preparation time of intervention among patients with acute stroke.

12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26892, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397913

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There was no previous report on the prognostic impact of new-onset or improved anemia after discharge from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).We analyzed 771 patients with ADHF and who were followed in multicenters in Japan was divided into 4 groups based on the hemoglobin values at discharge and 6-month index visit: 373 patients (48.4%) with persistent anemia, 87 patients (11.3%) with new-onset anemia, 91 patients (11.8%) with improved anemia, and 220 patients (28.5%) without anemia.The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization after index visit. The cumulative 6-month incidences of the primary outcome measure were 25.2% for persistent anemia, 18.5% for new onset anemia, 9.0% for improved anemia, and 9.2% for no anemia (log-rank P < .001). Compared with the no anemia group, the excess risk for the primary outcome measure remained significant in the persistent anemia group [hazard ratio (HR) 2.70, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.45-5.44, P = .001] and in the new-onset anemia group (HR 2.73, 95% CI 1.19-6.25, P = .02), while it was not significant in the improved anemia group (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.68-4.03, P = .25).Persistent and new-onset anemia at 6-month visit were associated with a subsequent higher risk for all-cause death or HF hospitalization in patients with ADHF, suggesting the importance of detecting anemia during follow-up.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
J Neurol Sci ; 428: 117603, 2021 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384970

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the effect of prior antiplatelet therapy on large vessel occlusion (LVO) in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) newly initiated on apixaban. METHODS: Patients with acute LVO with acute stroke due to NVAF or stenosis with NVAF started on apixaban within 14 days of onset were enrolled. We compared incidence of major bleeding, cerebral hemorrhage, ischemic events, cerebral infarction, and all-cause mortality between patients with and without prior antiplatelet therapy for acute LVO. We also compared these events between patients who continued antiplatelet therapy after onset (continued group) and those who discontinued it (discontinued group). Hazard ratios were estimated after adjusting for confounders; interaction was evaluated considering intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) or endovascular treatment (EVT) according to major bleeding. RESULTS: The study comprised 686 eligible patients (excluded [n = 194]; enrolled [n = 492]). The antiplatelet group consisted of older patients (mean: 79 vs. 76 years; p = 0.006) and had a higher cumulative incidence of major bleeding (7.3% vs. 2.9%, p = 0.003). The incidence of ischemic events and all-cause mortality was similar between the groups. Among the 109 patients in the antiplatelet group, the cumulative incidence of major bleeding, ischemic events, and all-cause mortality was comparable between continued group (n = 26) and discontinued group (n = 83). There were no significant differences between groups with and without IVT/EVT. However, major bleeding occured more frequently in the antiplatelet group without IVT. CONCLUSION: Prior antiplatelet therapy for LVO in patients with NVAF newly initiated on apixaban was associated with major bleeding, which was more frequent in the antiplatelet group without IVT.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis , Piridonas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Varfarina
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 341: 39-45, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34343532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between the timing of the first early recurrence and late recurrence after a single catheter ablation procedure for atrial fibrillation is controversial. METHODS: The Efficacy of Short-Term Use of Antiarrhythmic Drugs After Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation trial followed 2038 patients who underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation. RESULTS: Of the patients, 907 (45%) had early recurrences within 90 days after the initial ablation. We divided these patients into two groups according to the timing of the first early recurrence episode, namely the ER1 group (early recurrence during the early phase; 0-30 days, n = 814) and ER2 group (early recurrence during the late phase; 31-90 days, n = 93). Three years after ablation, patients with early recurrences had a significantly lower event-free rate from late recurrences after a 90-day blanking period than patients without early recurrences (36.2% and 74.2%, respectively; log-rank, P < 0.0001). Three years after ablation, the event-free rate was significantly higher in the ER1 than the ER2 group (38.3% and 17.1%, respectively; log-rank, P < 0.0001). Moreover, the event-free rate at 3 years in the ER2 group was extremely low (5.6%) in patient with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. CONCLUSION: Early recurrences were strongly associated with late recurrences, especially in patients with the first recurrence episode at >1 month within the blanking period after a single ablation procedure. Therefore, these patients should undergo close observation during follow-up, when they had especially with non-paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228248

RESUMO

Prolonged anticoagulation therapy is recommended for patients with intermediate-risk for recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The current study aimed to identify risk factors of VTE recurrence and major bleeding in intermediate-risk patients. The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolled consecutive 3027 patients with acute symptomatic VTE among 29 centers in Japan. The current study population consisted of 1703 patients with intermediate-risk for recurrence. The primary outcome measure was recurrent VTE during the entire follow-up period, and the secondary outcome measures were recurrent VTE and major bleeding during anticoagulation therapy. In the multivariable Cox regression model for recurrent VTE incorporating the status of anticoagulation therapy as a time-updated covariate, off-anticoagulation therapy was strongly associated with an increased risk for recurrent VTE (HR 9.42, 95% CI 5.97-14.86). During anticoagulation therapy, the independent risk factor for recurrent VTE was thrombophilia (HR 3.58, 95% CI 1.56-7.50), while the independent risk factors for major bleeding were age ≥ 75 years (HR 2.04, 95% CI 1.36-3.07), men (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.02-2.27), history of major bleeding (HR 3.48, 95% CI 1.82-6.14) and thrombocytopenia (HR 3.73, 95% CI 2.04-6.37). Among VTE patients with intermediate-risk for recurrence, discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy was a very strong independent risk factor of recurrence during the entire follow-up period. The independent risk factors of recurrent VTE and those of major bleeding during anticoagulation therapy were different: thrombophilia for recurrent VTE, and advanced age, men, history of major bleeding, and thrombocytopenia for major bleeding. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Unique identifier: UMIN000021132. COMMAND VTE Registry: http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm .

16.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0253999, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Admission systolic blood pressure has emerged as a predictor of postdischarge outcomes of patients with acute decompensated heart failure; however, its validity in varied clinical conditions of this patient subset is unclear. The aim of this study was to further explore the prognostic value of admission systolic blood pressure in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. METHODS: The Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure (KCHF) registry is a prospective, observational, multicenter cohort study enrolling consecutive patients with acute decompensated heart failure from 19 participating hospitals in Japan. Clinical characteristics at baseline and prognosis were examined by the following value range of admission systolic blood pressure: <100, 100-139, and ≥140 mmHg. The primary outcome measure was defined as all-cause death after discharge. Subgroup analyses were done for prior hospitalization for heart failure, hypertension, left ventricular ejection fraction, and medications at discharge. We excluded patients with acute coronary syndrome or insufficient data. RESULTS: We analyzed 3564 patients discharged alive out of 3804 patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure. In the entire cohort, lower admission systolic blood pressure was associated with poor outcomes (1-year cumulative incidence of all-cause death: <100 mmHg, 26.8%; 100-139 mmHg, 20.2%; and ≥140 mmHg, 15.1%, p<0.001). The magnitude of the effect of lower admission systolic blood pressure for postdischarge all-cause death was greater in patients with prior hospitalization for heart failure, heart failure with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and ß-blocker use at discharge than in those without. CONCLUSIONS: Admission systolic blood pressure is useful for postdischarge risk stratification in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Its magnitude of the effect as a prognostic predictor may differ across clinical conditions of patients.

17.
Circ J ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been well addressed in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS).Methods and Results:We analyzed 3,815 patients from a retrospective multicenter registry of severe AS in Japan (CURRENT AS registry). We compared the clinical outcomes between patients with moderate/severe MR and with none/mild MR according to the initial treatment strategy (initial aortic valve replacement [AVR] or conservative strategy). The primary outcome measure was a composite of aortic valve-related death or heart failure hospitalization. At baseline, moderate/severe MR was present in 227/1,197 (19%) patients with initial AVR strategy and in 536/2,618 (20%) patients with a conservative strategy. The crude cumulative 5-year incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly higher in patients with moderate/severe MR than in those with none/mild MR, regardless of the initial treatment strategy (25.2% vs. 14.4%, P<0.001 in the initial AVR strategy, and 63.3% vs. 40.7%, P<0.001 in the conservative strategy). After adjusting confounders, moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure in the initial AVR strategy (hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.83, P=0.69), and in the conservative strategy (HR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93-1.37, P=0.22). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure regardless of the initial treatment strategy.

18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e021257, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323122

RESUMO

Background Heart failure might be an important determinant in choosing coronary revascularization modalities. There was no previous study evaluating the effect of heart failure on long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and Results Among 14 867 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013 in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we identified the current study population of 3380 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease, and compared clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroup based on the status of heart failure. There were 827 patients with heart failure (PCI: N=511, and CABG: N=316), and 2553 patients without heart failure (PCI: N=1619, and CABG: N=934). In patients with heart failure, the PCI group compared with the CABG group more often had advanced age, severe frailty, acute and severe heart failure, and elevated inflammatory markers. During a median 5.9 years of follow-up, there was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.009), with excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG in patients with heart failure (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.28-2.42; P<0.001) and no excess mortality risk in patients without heart failure (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; P=0.77). Conclusions There was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients with heart failure and neutral risk in patients without heart failure.

19.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e020292, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325523

RESUMO

Background No clinical studies have focused on the factors associated with discharge destination in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results Of 4056 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure in the KCHF (Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure) registry, we analyzed 3460 patients hospitalized from their homes and discharged alive. There were 3009 and 451 patients who were discharged to home and nonhome, respectively. We investigated the factors associated with nonhome discharge and compared the outcomes between home discharge and nonhome discharge. Factors independently and positively associated with nonhome discharge were age ≥80 years (odds ratio [OR],1.76; 95% CI,1.28-2.42), body mass index ≤22 kg/m2 (OR,1.49; 95% CI,1.12-1.97), poor medication adherence (OR, 2.08; 95% CI,1.49-2.88), worsening heart failure (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.46-2.82), stroke during hospitalization (OR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.75-8.00), functional decline (OR, 12.24; 95% CI, 8.74-17.14), and length of hospital stay >16 days (OR, 4.14; 95% CI, 3.01-5.69), while those negatively associated were diabetes mellitus (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.51-0.94), cohabitants (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46-0.85), and ambulatory state before admission (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.18-0.36). The cumulative 1-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the nonhome discharge group than in the home discharge group. The nonhome discharge group compared with the nonhome discharge group was associated with a higher adjusted risk for all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.66; P<0.001). Conclusions The discharge destination of patients with acute decompensated heart failure is influenced by factors such as prehospital social background, age, body mass index, low self-care ability, events during hospitalization (worsening heart failure, stroke, etc), functional decline, and length of hospital stay; moreover, the prognosis of nonhome discharge patients is worse than that of home discharge patients. Registration Information clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT02334891.

20.
Am J Cardiol ; 153: 20-29, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238444

RESUMO

The treatment of coronary artery disease has substantially changed over the past two decades. However, it is unknown whether and how much these changes have contributed to the improvement of long-term outcomes after coronary revascularization. We assessed trends in the demographics, practice patterns and long-term outcomes in 24,951 patients who underwent their first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n = 20,106), or isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 4,845) using the data in a series of the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registries (Cohort-1 [2000 to 2002]: n = 7,435, Cohort-2 [2005 to 2007]: n = 8,435, and Cohort-3 [2011 to 2013]: n = 9,081). From Cohort-1 to Cohort-3, the patients got progressively older across subsequent cohorts (67.0 ± 10.0, 68.4 ± 9.9, and 69.8 ± 10.2 years, ptrend < 0.001). There was increased use of PCI over CABG (73.5%, 81.9%, and 85.2%, ptrend < 0.001) and increased prevalence of evidence-based medications use over time. The cumulative 3-year incidence of all-cause death was similar across the 3 cohorts (9.0%, 9.0%, and 9.3%, p = 0.74), while cardiovascular death decreased over time (5.7%, 5.1%, and 4.8%, p = 0.03). The adjusted risk for all-cause death and for cardiovascular death progressively decreased from Cohort-1 to Cohort-2 (HR:0.89, 95%CI:0.80 to 0.99, p = 0.03, and HR:0.80, 95%CI:0.70 to 0.92, p = 0.002, respectively), and from Cohort-2 to Cohort-3 (HR:0.86, 95%CI:0.78 to 0.95, p = 0.004, and HR:0.77, 95%CI:0.67-0.89, p < 0.001, respectively). The risks for stroke and repeated coronary revascularization also improved over time. In conclusions, we found a progressive and substantial reduction of adjusted risk for all-cause death, cardiovascular death, stroke, and repeated coronary revascularization over the past two decades in Japan.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade/tendências , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/tendências , Duração da Terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Reoperação , Fumar/epidemiologia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia
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