Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 153
Filtrar
2.
Inflammopharmacology ; 32(2): 909-915, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38492182

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of rat housing conditions-standard conditions, social isolation, environmental enrichment-and the subsequent reversal of these conditions on the vulnerability of the gastric mucosa to ulcerogenic stimuli, somatic pain sensitivity, and treadmill work capacity. Rats, aged 30 days, were placed in standard conditions (SC), social isolation (Is), and environmental enrichment (EE) for 4 weeks. Then half of each group underwent a reversal of housing conditions: SC rats were moved to Is, Is rats were placed in EE, EE rats were moved to Is, for 2 weeks. The other half served as a control with no change in their initial housing. Two weeks after the reversal, vulnerability of the gastric mucosa to ulcerogenic action of indomethacin (IM, 35 mg/kg, sc), somatic pain sensitivity (hot plate test), and work capacity (measured by the running distance on a treadmill) were assessed in control and reversed groups. Social isolation induced a proulcerogenic effect, increasing IM-induced gastric erosions, which was effectively reversed when rats were transferred to an environmental enrichment. Conversely, transferring rats from an environmental enrichment to social isolation exacerbated ulcerogenic action of IM. Somatic pain sensitivity and treadmill work capacity were also influenced by housing conditions, with environmental enrichment showing positive effects. The present findings show that social isolation of rats induces a proulcerogenic effect. Environmental enrichment reverses proulcerogenic action of social isolation on the gastric mucosa and increases resilience to pain stimuli and treadmill work capacity.


Assuntos
Indometacina , Dor Nociceptiva , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Indometacina/farmacologia , Mucosa Gástrica , Isolamento Social
3.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 10(3)2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38535231

RESUMO

Two new species of Boletaceae (Hortiboletus rubroreticulatus and Tylopilus aurantiovulpinus) discovered during an investigation of the mycobiota of Central Vietnam (Kon Chu Rang Nature Reserve; Ta Dung National Park; Bidoup-Nui Ba National Park; Kon Ka Kinh National Park) are described on the basis of molecular and morphological data. Illustrated descriptions of their macro- and microscopic features and discussion on similar taxa are given. Additionally, eight species which were recorded for the first time in Vietnam are listed and illustrated here. A new combination Kgaria virescens was made for one of these species. These results were confirmed by the phylogenetic analysis based on nrITS1-5.8S-ITS2, nrLSU, and tef1α regions.

4.
Arch Biochem Biophys ; 752: 109843, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38072298

RESUMO

Self-assembling nanoparticles (saNP) and nanofibers were found in the recombinant coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 S1, S2, RBD and N proteins purified by affinity chromatography using Ni Sepharose. Scanning electron (SEM), atomic force (AFM) microscopy on mica or graphite surface and in liquid as well as dynamic light scattering (DLS) revealed nanostructures of various sizes. AFM in liquid cell without drying on the surface showed mean height of S1 saNP 80.03 nm, polydispersity index (PDI) 0.006; for S2 saNP mean height 93.32 nm, PDI = 0.008; for N saNP mean height 16.71 nm, PDI = 0.99; for RBD saNP mean height 16.25 nm, PDI = 0.55. Ratios between the height and radius of each saNP in the range 0.1-0.5 suggested solid protein NP but not vesicles with internal empty spaces. The solid but not empty structures of the protein saNP were also confirmed by STEM after treatment of saNP with the standard contrasting agent uranyl acetate. The saNP remained stable after multiple freeze-thaw cycles in water and hyperosmotic solutions for 2 years at -20 °C. Receptor-mediated penetration of the SARS-CoV-2 S1 and RBD saNP in the African green mokey kidney Vero cells with the specific receptors for ß-coronavirus reproduction was more efficient compared to unspecific endocytosis into MDCK cells without the specific receptors. Amyloid-like structures were revealed in the SARS-CoV-2 S1, S2, RBD and N saNP by means of their interaction with Thioflavin T and Congo Red dyes. Taken together, spontaneous formation of the amyloid-like self-assembling nanostructures due to the internal affinity of the SARS-CoV-2 virion proteins might induce proteinopathy in patients, including conformational neurodegenerative diseases, change stability of vaccines and diagnostic systems.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nanoestruturas , Animais , Humanos , Chlorocebus aethiops , SARS-CoV-2 , Células Vero , Proteínas Recombinantes , Amiloide , Proteínas Amiloidogênicas
5.
Int J Drug Policy ; 123: 104284, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38061223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in preventing HIV transmission among people who inject drugs (PWID) was demonstrated over a decade ago. However, only a few studies among PWID have since measured PrEP adherence using laboratory markers. METHODS: In this trial, we randomized recently injecting PWID in Kyiv, Ukraine, to receive daily oral TDF/FTC with or without SMS reminders. Enrollment and PrEP initiation took place at an HIV clinic. Subsequent visits at months 1, 3, and 6 were conducted at a community harm reduction center and included a structured interview, adherence counseling, PrEP dispensing, and dried blood spot collection. PrEP adherence was assessed using standard self-reported measures and TDF/FTC biomarkers. RESULTS: A total of 199 PWID (99 SMS, 100 No-SMS) were enrolled, of whom 24 % were women, with a median age of 37. At month 6, 79.4 % (158/199) of participants were retained, with 84 % (133/158) reporting opioid injection and 20 % (31/158) reporting stimulant injection in the past 30 days. 77 % (122/158) reported taking >95 % of PrEP doses in the past month, and 87 % reported taking the last dose within 2 days. Tenofovir diphosphate was detected in 17 % (28/158) of participants, and emtricitabine triphosphate was detected in 25 % (40/158). Only 3 % (5/158) had metabolite levels indicative of consistent PrEP uptake at 4+ doses per week. There was no association between the SMS intervention and TDF/FTC metabolite detection. CONCLUSION: Adherence to daily oral PrEP among actively injecting PWID, without daily supervision or incentives, was extremely low, despite supportive counseling and SMS reminders. We also observed a high rate of discordance between self-report and classification by a validated biomarker of adherence. Given the scarcity of evidence and emerging data suggesting low oral PrEP adherence among PWID, additional implementation studies with TDF/FTC biomarkers are needed to study whether a sufficient level of adherence to daily PrEP is attainable among PWID, especially as long-acting injectable PrEP offers a promising alternative.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV , Infecções por HIV , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Autorrelato , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/epidemiologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação , Emtricitabina/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores
6.
J Sci Food Agric ; 104(2): 967-978, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37728318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pre-treatment of plant materials is essential in producing plant-based products and can affect their various organoleptic and physicochemical characteristics. This work aimed to study the effect of pre-treatment of vegetable raw materials, namely ultrasonic processing and freezing of raw materials under various low-temperature conditions, to obtain multiple types of vegetable milk and determine their characteristics. RESULTS: It is shown that by applying a certain kind of pre-treatment of vegetable raw materials it is possible to adjust organoleptic parameters and the content of solids, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fiber and mineral composition of various types of vegetable milk from soy, rice, oats, wheat, peas, buckwheat, pumpkin seeds and lentils. Ultrasound pre-treatment allows increasing of polyphenol content by an average of 15-20% for all types of plant milk, except for lentil milk. The results showed that ultrasound treatment for 3 min had the most significant effect on the overall acceptability for lentils, pumpkin, rice and pea milk. Pre-freezing at a temperature regime of -17 and -85 °C contributed to an increase in Fe, K, Zn, Ca, Mg, Si and P by an average of 30-100%, depending on the plant material. CONCLUSION: Pre-treatment of vegetable raw materials, including freezing and ultrasonic treatment, can positively affect the macro- and micronutrient composition of plant milk. However, the effect may vary depending on the type of raw material and processing conditions. © 2023 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Leite , Oligoelementos , Animais , Leite/química , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Oligoelementos/análise , Minerais/análise , Temperatura
7.
Biomedicines ; 11(12)2023 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38137503

RESUMO

Inactivation of the Snca gene in young mice by chronic injections of tamoxifen (TAM), a selective estrogen receptor modifier, has been shown to decrease the level of alpha-synuclein, a key peptide in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. In young mice, different time courses of the effect were observed in different brain areas, meaning associated disturbances in the intracerebral relations, namely in brain function after TAM-induced synucleinopathy. METHODS: We analyzed electroencephalogram (EEG) coherence ("functional connectivity") between the cortex (MC), putamen (Pt), and dopamine-producing brain regions (ventral tegmental area, VTA, and substantia nigra, SN) in two groups of two-month-old male mice. We compared EEG coherences in the conditional knockout Sncaflox/flox mice with those in their genetic background (C57Bl6J) one, two, and three months after chronic (for five days) intraperitoneal injections of TAM or the vehicle (corn oil). The EEG coherences in the TAM-treated group were compared with those in the alpha-synuclein knockout mice. RESULTS: A significant suppression of EEG coherence in the TAM-treated mice versus the vehicle group was observed in all inter-structural relations, with the exception of MC-VTA at one and three months and VTA-SN at two months after the injections. Suppressive changes in EEG coherence were observed in the alpha-synuclein knockout mice as well; the changes were similar to those in TAM-treated mice three months after treatment. CONCLUSION: our data demonstrate a combined time-dependent suppressive effect induced by TAM on intracerebral EEG coherence.

8.
medRxiv ; 2023 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37986906

RESUMO

Background: Cognitive impairment is the most common and disabling manifestation of post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2. There is an urgent need for the application of more stringent methods for evaluating cognitive outcomes in research studies. Objective: To determine whether cognitive decline emerges with the onset of COVID-19 and whether it is more pronounced in patients with Post-Acute Sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 or severe COVID-19. Methods: This longitudinal cohort study compared the cognitive performance of 276 patients with COVID-19 to that of 217 controls across four neuroinflammation or vascular disease-sensitive domains of cognition using data collected both before and after the pandemic starting in 2015. Results: The mean age of the COVID-19 group was 56.04±6.6 years, while that of the control group was 58.1±7.3 years. Longitudinal models indicated a significant decline in cognitive throughput ((ß=-0.168, P=.001) following COVID-19, after adjustment for pre-COVID-19 functioning, demographics, and medical factors. The effect sizes were large; the observed changes in throughput were equivalent to 10.6 years of normal aging and a 59.8% increase in the burden of mild cognitive impairment. Cognitive decline worsened with coronavirus disease 2019 severity and was concentrated in participants reporting post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2. Conclusion: COVID-19 was most likely associated with the observed cognitive decline, which was worse among patients with PASC or severe COVID-19. Monitoring patients with post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 for declines in the domains of processing speed and visual working memory and determining the long-term prognosis of this decline are therefore warranted.

9.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 45(10): 8227-8238, 2023 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37886962

RESUMO

Natural, environmental and engineered nanoparticles (NP) penetrate into cells by endocytosis and induce innate immunity. The behaviour of the nanomaterials both in vitro and in vivo should be assessed. Our goal was to study protein NP stability in biological fluids and distribution in organs of animals after intranasal and oral administration. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was labelled with the fluorescent dye RhoB and NP were fabricated by nanoprecipitation. The fluorescent protein NPwere administered intranasally and orally in laboratory-outbred mice ICR and rabbits. RhoB-BSA NP distribution in organs was detected using spectrofluorometry and fluorescent microscopy. Innate immunity was evaluated using reverse transcription with random hexanucleotide primer and subsequent real-time PCR with specific fluorescent hydrolysis probes. The labelled BSA NP were shown to remain stable in blood sera and nasopharyngeal swabs for 5 days at +37 °C. In vivo the maximal accumulation was found in the brain in 2 days posttreatment without prevalent accumulation in olfactory bulbs. For the intestine, heart and liver, the BSA NP accumulation was similar in 1 and 2 days, whereas for kidney samples even decreased after 1 day. Both intranasal and peroral administration of RhoB-BSA NP did not induce innate immunity. Thus, after intranasal or oral instillation RhoB-BSA NP were found mainly in the brain and intestine without interferon gene expression.

10.
Pathophysiology ; 30(4): 443-466, 2023 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37873853

RESUMO

One of the primary challenges regarding chronic kidney disease (CKD) diagnosis is the absence of reliable methods to detect early-stage kidney damage. A metabolomic approach is expected to broaden the current diagnostic modalities by enabling timely detection and making the prognosis more accurate. Analysis performed on urine has several advantages, such as the ease of collection using noninvasive methods and its lower protein and lipid content compared with other bodily fluids. This review highlights current trends in applied analytical methods, major discoveries concerning pathways, and investigated populations in the context of urine metabolomic research for CKD over the past five years. Also, we are presenting approaches, instrument upgrades, and sample preparation modifications that have improved the analytical parameters of methods. The onset of CKD leads to alterations in metabolism that are apparent in the molecular composition of urine. Recent works highlight the prevalence of alterations in the metabolic pathways related to the tricarboxylic acid cycle and amino acids. Including diverse patient cohorts, using numerous analytical techniques with modifications and the appropriate annotation and explanation of the discovered biomarkers will help develop effective diagnostic models for different subtypes of renal injury with clinical applications.

11.
Braz J Microbiol ; 54(4): 2867-2877, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37897627

RESUMO

Since 2013, there has been an increase in reports of the spread of a double intergroup reassortant strain of rotavirus type A (RVA) with the genotype G3P[8] and other genes belonging to the second genogroup I2-R2-C2-M2-A2-N2-T2-E2-H2. In our study, we provide a molecular genetic characterization of rotaviruses with genotype G3P[8]-I2 isolated in Nizhny Novgorod. In our study, we used RT-PCR, Sanger sequencing, RNA-PAGE methods. Phylogenetic and phylodynamic analysis were performed using the Bayesian approach. According to our study, there was a significant increase in the proportion of G3P[8] from 15% during the period of 2020-2021 to 53% during the period of 2021-2022 in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. Phylogenetic analysis based on the VP4 gene revealed that DS-1-like RVAs isolated in Nizhny Novgorod belong to different clusters of the P[8]-3.1 lineage, with a level of variation ranging from 1.1% to 1.3%. Based on the VP6 gene, the equine-like RVAs identified by us carry genetic variants belonging to three distinct clusters of the lineage I2-V, with a variation level ranging from 2.0% to 4.5%. These data indicate the genotypic diversity of circulating DS-1-like G3 RVAs. Phylogenetic analysis of the VP7 gene allowed us to assign the isolates identified in our study to the G3-1 lineage. We estimated that the circulation of the most recent common ancestor of the spreading strains dates back to 2002. Additionally, we determined the typical level of mutations in the VP7 gene, which amounted to 2.14*10-3 substitutions/per site/per year.


Assuntos
Infecções por Rotavirus , Rotavirus , Animais , Cavalos , Filogenia , Teorema de Bayes , Genótipo , Federação Russa , Genoma Viral
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(18)2023 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37762162

RESUMO

The time-resolved CIDNP method can provide information about degenerate exchange reactions (DEEs) involving short-lived radicals. In the temperature range from 8 to 65 °C, the DEE reactions of the guanosine-5'-monophosphate anion GMP(-H)- with the neutral radical GMP(-H)•, of the N-acetyl tyrosine anion N-AcTyrO- with a neutral radical N-AcTyrO•, and of the tyrosine anion TyrO- with a neutral radical TyrO• were studied. In all the studied cases, the radicals were formed in the reaction of quenching triplet 2,2'-dipyridyl. The reorganization energies were obtained from Arrhenius plots. The rate constant of the reductive electron transfer reaction in the pair GMP(-H)•/TyrO- was determined at T = 25 °C. Rate constants of the GMP(-H)• radical reduction reactions with TyrO- and N-AcTyrO- anions calculated by the Marcus cross-relation differ from the experimental ones by two orders of magnitude. The rate constants of several other electron transfer reactions involving GMP(-H)-/GMP(-H)•, N-AcTyrO-/N-AcTyrO•, and TyrO-/TyrO• pairs calculated by cross-relation agree well with the experimental values. The rate of nuclear paramagnetic relaxation was found for the 3,5 and ß-protons of TyrO• and N-AcTyrO•, the 8-proton of GMP(-H)•, and the 3,4-protons of DPH• at each temperature. In all cases, the dependences of the rate of nuclear paramagnetic relaxation on temperature are described by the Arrhenius dependence.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(14)2023 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37511132

RESUMO

The conventional chemical polymerization of aniline has been described in multiple publications, while enzymatic polymerization has been poorly explored. A comparative study of the template-assisted enzymatic and chemical polymerization of aniline in a buffer solution of sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate micelles was performed for the first time. The high-redox potential laccase from the fungus Trametes hirsuta was used as a catalyst and air oxygen served as an oxidant. Potentiometric and spectral methods have shown that oligomeric/polymeric products of the enzymatic polymerization of aniline are synthesized in the conducting emeraldine salt form immediately after the reaction is initiated by the enzyme. The use of the laccase-mediator system enabled a higher rate of enzymatic polymerization and a higher yield of final products. Potassium octocyanomolybdate (IV) served as a redox mediator. The products of the enzymatic polymerization of aniline were studied by the ATR-FTIR, MALDI-TOF and atomic force microscopy methods. The chemical oxidative polymerization of aniline under the same conditions resulted in forming a non-conducting dark brown product.


Assuntos
Lacase , Trametes , Lacase/química , Polimerização , Compostos de Anilina/química
14.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 131: 107248, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37263492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ukraine has a high prevalence of co-occurring disorders (COD), defined as having both substance use (SUD) and psychiatric disorders. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder among people with SUD. People with COD experience poor health outcomes, and international agencies propose integrated COD care. In Ukraine, treatment for SUD is delivered in specialized substance use clinics, without providing any other medical services for comorbidities, including MDD. Here we present the protocol, along the with the preliminary results of the MEDIUM project, including observations over the first 6 months. METHODS: A cluster-randomized type-2 hybrid trial was conducted to integrate MDD treatment into specialty clinics providing opioid agonist therapies (OAT) in Ukraine. Twelve clinics in four regions underwent randomization to control (N = 1) vs experimental arms (N = 2) in each region. Clinicians at experimental sites received tele-education through modified project ECHO using a facilitated screening, evaluation, and treatment algorithm of depression, with or without financial incentives. Service-, patient- and provider-level data were collected for the analysis every 6 months for 24 months. PRELIMINARY RESULTS: For service delivery outcomes, 4421 patients enrolled on OAT across all sites were assessed for MDD for screening (76.7%), evaluation with diagnosis (43.5%) and treatment (30.7%) for MDD; 13.8% continued treatment at least for 6 months. For patient-level outcomes, 1345 patients and 54 providers participated in serial surveys every six months. CONCLUSION: This study will be the first to explore integrated COD care in Ukraine and generate evidence on effective service integration and delivery strategies for people with COD receiving treatment at substance use clinics with broader implications for Eastern Europe and Central Asia region.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/tratamento farmacológico , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Abuso de Substâncias por Via Intravenosa/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico
15.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 9(6)2023 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37367557

RESUMO

Four new species of Entoloma from Kon Chu Rang Nature Reserve and Ta Dung National Park were discovered during an investigation of the diversity of the mycobiota of Central Vietnam and are described here on the base of the molecular and morphological data. Phylogenetic analysis was based on nrITS1-5.8S-ITS2, nrLSU and tef1α regions. Illustrated descriptions of their macro- and microscopic features and discussion on similar taxa are given. Entoloma cycneum and E. peristerinum belong to the subgenus Cubospora. They are morphologically similar species and are characterized by white or whitish basidiomata with yellowish or beige tinges and with mainly smooth, glabrous, and hygrophanous pileus, longitudinally fibrillose or fibrillose-scaly white stipe, cuboid spores, and more or less cylindrical cheilocystidia, arising from hymenophoral trama. Entoloma peristerinum posseses initially more coloured beige conical pileus, discolouring to white with age and drying. The pileus of E. cycneum is initially white, hemisphaerical to convex, usually with thin pubescence near the margin. The species can be recognized also by the cheilocystidia form: serrulatum-type in E. cycneum vs. porphyrogriseum-type in E. peristerinum. Another two species belong to the subgenus Leptonia. Entoloma tadungense is close to E. percoelestinum from which it differs by smaller spores with pronounced angles, presence of the cheilocystidia, and the lilac discolouration of the stipe. E. dichroides is named after its similarity to E. dichroum, a dark blue coloured species with pronouncedly angled basidiospores. It is distinguished by the basidiospores form-irregularly 5(-6) angled with elongated apiculus, as well as by absence of the cheilocystidia and darker basidiomata with conical pileus. The article also describes the history of the study of the genus Entoloma in Vietnam with a list of 29 species mentioned in the publications for this country.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(12)2023 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37372975

RESUMO

In the present work, complexes of DNA with nano-clay montmorillonite (Mt) were investigated by means of atomic force microscopy (AFM) under various conditions. In contrast to the integral methods of analysis of the sorption of DNA on clay, AFM allowed us to study this process at the molecular level in detail. DNA molecules in the deionized water were shown to form a 2D fiber network weakly bound to both Mt and mica. The binding sites are mostly along Mt edges. The addition of Mg2+ cations led to the separation of DNA fibers into separate molecules, which bound mainly to the edge joints of the Mt particles according to our reactivity estimations. After the incubation of DNA with Mg2+, the DNA fibers were capable of wrapping around the Mt particles and were weakly bound to the Mt edge surfaces. The reversible sorption of nucleic acids onto the Mt surface allows it to be used for both RNA and DNA isolation for further reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Our results show that the strongest binding sites for DNA are the edge joints of Mt particles.


Assuntos
Bentonita , DNA , Bentonita/química , Microscopia de Força Atômica/métodos , DNA/química , Silicatos de Alumínio/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cátions/química
17.
Wiad Lek ; 76(5 pt 2): 1160-1166, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37364067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To analyze the typical symptom complex at the stage of COVID-19 acute phase in the systemic relationship with somatic, psychosomatic, and neurological manifestations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The collection of primary material was performed by clinical-anamnestic method, laboratory, and sociological examination of patients treated out patiently. Summarizing of the results was performed according to the analysis of 100 completed cases of COVID-19 in patients aged 35-45 years (50 men and 50 women) who had no concomitant chronic pathology, and patients did not receive any vaccine dose before the disease (acute COVID-19) and during the next follow-up period (6 months). RESULTS: Results: The data of the analysis allowed us to make a grounded conclusion about the syndromic heterogeneity of COVID 19 in a standardized patients group with a mild course. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: the highest number of symptoms in the postcovid period by frequency, polymorphism, and life quality impact was found in the group of patients with subjectively tolerate acute COVID-19 most easily. Patients whose acute episode meets the mild criteria have pronounced neurological and psychoemotional manifestations during the postcovid period.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Emoções , Polimorfismo Genético
18.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 9(5)2023 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37233295

RESUMO

Eighteen specimens of Pluteus collected from the tropical forests of Vietnam were studied using morphological and molecular approaches. Pluteus podospilloides, P. semibulbosus, P. chrysaegis and P. septocystidiatus are registered as additional or new records for Vietnam. Four species (P. conformis, P. lucidus, P. subroseus, and P. ornatus) are proposed as new to science, and several other collections (Pluteus sp. 1, P. aff. septocystidiatus, P. aff. pauperculus and P. cf. velutinus) are given an inconclusive taxonomic status for now. The taxonomic positions of all specimens were confirmed using DNA data (nrITS and tef1). Descriptions of the macro- and microscopic features of the studied collections with a discussion of similar taxa are given.

19.
Int J Drug Policy ; 117: 104062, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37216758

RESUMO

The Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 caused major disruptions of societal functions, including health care. Patients receiving medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) depend on receiving daily treatment and face a risk of withdrawal in case of medication supply disruption. MOUD are banned in Russia, making treatment continuation impossible in temporarily occupied areas. In this paper, we review the situation with MOUD delivery in Ukraine during the first year of the Russia-Ukraine war. Legislative changes and mobilization of efforts in the time of crisis ensured treatment continuation for thousands of patients. In areas controlled by Ukraine, most patients were receiving take-home doses for up to 30 days, some experienced temporary dosing reductions. Programs in temporarily occupied regions were shut down likely leading to abrupt withdrawal among many patients. At least 10% of patients have been internally displaced. One year into the war, the number of MOUD patients in governmental clinics of Ukraine increased by 17%, and the data suggest that the coverage of private clinics has also increased. But the risks for program stability remain high as the current medication supply relies on one manufacturing facility. Using lessons learned from the crisis, we provide recommendations for future response to minimize the risks of major adverse outcomes among patients treated for opioid use disorder.


Assuntos
Buprenorfina , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Humanos , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial , Governo , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Analgésicos Opioides , Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos
20.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 88(Suppl 1): S150-S175, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37069119

RESUMO

Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) are an alternative to traditional organic solvents and ionic liquids and meet the requirements of "green" chemistry. They are easy to prepare using low-cost constituents, are non-toxic and biodegradable. The review analyzes literature on the use of DES in various fields of biotechnology, provides data on the types of DESs, methods for their preparation, and properties. The main areas of using DESs in biotechnology include extraction of physiologically active substances from natural resources, pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass to improve enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose, production of bioplastics, as well as a reaction medium for biocatalytic reactions. The aim of this review is to summarize available information on the use of new solvents for biotechnological purposes.


Assuntos
Biotecnologia , Solventes Eutéticos Profundos , Solventes/química , Hidrólise , Biocatálise , Biomassa
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...