Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 29
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
bioRxiv ; 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712254

RESUMO

Splicing factor mutations are common in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but how they alter cellular functions is unclear. We show that the pathogenic SRSF2P95H/+ mutation disrupts the splicing of mitochondrial mRNAs, impairs mitochondrial complex I function, and robustly increases mitophagy. We also identified a mitochondrial surveillance mechanism by which mitochondrial dysfunction modifies splicing of the mitophagy activator PINK1 to remove a poison intron, increasing the stability and abundance of PINK1 mRNA and protein. SRSF2P95H-induced mitochondrial dysfunction increased PINK1 expression through this mechanism, which is essential for survival of SRSF2P95H/+ cells. Inhibition of splicing with a glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitor promoted retention of the poison intron, impairing mitophagy and activating apoptosis in SRSF2P95H/+ cells. These data reveal a homeostatic mechanism for sensing mitochondrial stress through PINK1 splicing and identify increased mitophagy as a disease marker and a therapeutic vulnerability in SRSF2P95H mutant MDS and AML.

2.
J Clin Invest ; 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38713535

RESUMO

Splicing factor mutations are common in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but how they alter cellular functions is unclear. We show that the pathogenic SRSF2P95H/+ mutation disrupts the splicing of mitochondrial mRNAs, impairs mitochondrial complex I function, and robustly increases mitophagy. We also identified a mitochondrial surveillance mechanism by which mitochondrial dysfunction modifies splicing of the mitophagy activator PINK1 to remove a poison intron, increasing the stability and abundance of PINK1 mRNA and protein. SRSF2P95H-induced mitochondrial dysfunction increased PINK1 expression through this mechanism, which is essential for survival of SRSF2P95H/+ cells. Inhibition of splicing with a glycogen synthase kinase 3 inhibitor promoted retention of the poison intron, impairing mitophagy and activating apoptosis in SRSF2P95H/+ cells. These data reveal a homeostatic mechanism for sensing mitochondrial stress through PINK1 splicing and identify increased mitophagy as a disease marker and a therapeutic vulnerability in SRSF2P95H mutant MDS and AML.

3.
JPGN Rep ; 5(2): 135-139, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38756126

RESUMO

Food insecurity is a rising concern for US households and leads to adverse child health outcomes. Pediatric gastroenterology providers are uniquely equipped to help guide families experiencing this challenge given their specialized training in nutritional support and dietary therapy for disease management. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate food insecurity screening practices from the perspectives of patient caregivers and healthcare providers in a tertiary pediatric gastroenterology practice. A survey was administered to 1279 caregivers and 121 providers. Of the 248 completed caregiver responses, 10%-15% reported being asked about food insecurity. Among the 36 healthcare provider responses, 53% expressed comfort in conducting food insecurity screening but only 14% routinely screened. The most cited barrier to screening was the lack of readily available patient resources. Further research is imperative to address these screening barriers and assess the impact of food insecurity screening and interventions on pediatric gastrointestinal health outcomes.

4.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 78(2): 252-260, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Pediatric patients diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at risk of suboptimal peak bone mass attainment. This study aimed to understand rates of bone health screening adherence, describe factors associated with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) acquisition, and identify factors associated with abnormal DXA. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of pediatric IBD patients over a 10-year time frame. We included IBD patients (2-20 years of age) enrolled in ImproveCareNow and excluded patients with primary metabolic bone disease. Time-to-event methods and multivariable logistic regression were employed to identify factors associated with DXA acquisition and abnormal DXA. RESULTS: In 676 patients, 464 (68.63%) pediatric patients with IBD had a risk factor for low bone mineral density (BMD); 137 (29.53%) underwent an initial DXA scan. Quiescent disease was significantly associated with a reduced likelihood of DXA (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.24-0.97), while weight z-score <-2 was significantly associated with DXA performance (HR: 2.07; 95% CI: 1.08-3.98). Abnormal DXA results (BMD z-score ≤-1) occurred in 59 (35.54%) individuals. After adjusting for visit diagnosis, delayed puberty, severe disease course, 6 months or greater of steroid exposure, and history of fracture, BMI z-score <-1 (odds ratio: 5.45; 95% CI: 2.41-12.33) was associated with abnormal DXA. CONCLUSIONS: DXA screening occurred in less than one-third of eligible pediatric IBD patients. Compliance was more common in patients with a weight z-score <-2 and less common in those with quiescent disease. BMI strongly predicted abnormal DXA results when adjusting for risk factors for abnormal BMD.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Humanos , Criança , Absorciometria de Fóton/efeitos adversos , Absorciometria de Fóton/métodos , Densidade Óssea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/complicações , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/complicações , Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/diagnóstico
5.
Front Sports Act Living ; 5: 1213735, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745202

RESUMO

Like any athlete, female athletes may be tempted to use prohibited substances during competition or training to enhance their performance. Anti-doping tests performed on female athletes in summer Olympic sports from two geographical areas: Australia/ New Zealand, and France were compared. First, the distribution of sample collections across different sports disciplines, as well as the distribution of substances was investigated. Then the distribution of collections and substances detected in the five sports categories (Strength/Speed, Endurance, Mixed, Motor Skills with High Energy Expenditure, and Motor Skills with Low Energy Expenditure) were studied with consideration of therapeutic use exemptions obtained by the athlete. Australia/New Zealand and France were similar in their overall number of anti-doping collections performed. Likewise, both regions had the same sports disciplines (athletics, aquatics, cycling) and sport categories (Mixed and Endurance) as having the highest number of sample collections. The Motor Skills with High Energy Expenditure, and Motor Skills with Low Energy Expenditure categories had the lowest number of sample collections. However, the number of substances detected was significantly different (p < 0.05) with a greater number of substances found in the French data. There were a few substances in common between the two geographical areas, namely prednisone/prednisolone, carboxy-THC, terbutaline, vilanterol and methylphenidate, but most were different. In-competition tests were the category where most of the AAFs were found.

7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(45): e2212417119, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36322731

RESUMO

Mitochondrial dysfunction can be associated with a range of clinical manifestations. Here, we report a family with a complex phenotype including combinations of connective tissue, neurological, and metabolic symptoms that were passed on to all surviving children. Analysis of the maternally inherited mtDNA revealed a novel genotype encompassing the haplogroup J - defining mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) ND5 m.13708G>A (A458T) variant arising on the mtDNA haplogroup H7A background, an extremely rare combination. Analysis of transmitochondrial cybrids with the 13708A-H7 mtDNA revealed a lower mitochondrial respiration, increased reactive oxygen species production (mROS), and dysregulation of connective tissue gene expression. The mitochondrial dysfunction was exacerbated by histamine, explaining why all eight surviving children inherited the dysfunctional histidine decarboxylase allele (W327X) from the father. Thus, certain combinations of common mtDNA variants can cause mitochondrial dysfunction, mitochondrial dysfunction can affect extracellular matrix gene expression, and histamine-activated mROS production can augment the severity of mitochondrial dysfunction. Most important, we have identified a previously unreported genetic cause of mitochondrial disorder arising from the incompatibility of common, nonpathogenic mtDNA variants.


Assuntos
DNA Mitocondrial , Histamina , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Haplótipos , Histamina/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Tecido Conjuntivo/metabolismo
8.
Mol Metab ; 64: 101560, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35940554

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mitochondrial disorders are often characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue. Null mutations in the heart-muscle adenine nucleotide translocator isoform 1 (ANT1) of both humans and mice cause cardiomyopathy and myopathy associated with exercise intolerance and muscle weakness. Here we decipher the molecular underpinnings of ANT1-deficiency-mediated exercise intolerance. METHODS: This was achieved by correlating exercise physiology, mitochondrial function and metabolomics of mice deficient in ANT1 and comparing this to control mice. RESULTS: We demonstrate a peripheral limitation of skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration and a reduced complex I respiration in ANT1-deficient mice. Upon exercise, this results in a lack of NAD+ leading to a substrate limitation and stalling of the TCA cycle and mitochondrial respiration, further limiting skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiration. Treatment of ANT1-deficient mice with nicotinamide riboside increased NAD+ levels in skeletal muscle and liver, which increased the exercise capacity and the mitochondrial respiration. CONCLUSION: Increasing NAD+ levels with nicotinamide riboside can alleviate the exercise intolerance associated to ANT1-deficiency, indicating the therapeutic potential of NAD+-stimulating compounds in mitochondrial myopathies.


Assuntos
Translocador 1 do Nucleotídeo Adenina , Miopatias Mitocondriais , NAD , Niacinamida , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Compostos de Piridínio , Translocador 1 do Nucleotídeo Adenina/genética , Animais , Camundongos , Miopatias Mitocondriais/genética , Debilidade Muscular , Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Isoformas de Proteínas , Compostos de Piridínio/farmacologia
9.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 14(5)2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069031

RESUMO

Inside cells, the immunomodulator methotrexate (MTX) undergoes the addition of glutamates to form methotrexate polyglutamates (MTX-Glu)-promising biomarkers of systemic exposure and treatment response to MTX in rheumatology. MTX-Glu are underexplored in Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), with no data in pediatrics. In this cross-sectional secondary analysis, we assessed the relationships between MTX-Glu and MTX dose and treatment response in pediatric IBD. Twenty-one children with IBD, receiving maintenance therapy with infliximab (IFX) and MTX, had MTX-Glu1-6 concentrations and IFX troughs/antibodies measured and disease activity assessed for comparison in remission vs. active IBD using non-parametric tests, with associations explored using Spearman's correlation (ρ) and regression analyses; SASv9.4 (α = 0.05). Total and long-chain MTX-Glu correlated with MTX dose (ρ = 0.51 and 0.56, respectively; p ≤ 0.02). In children with Crohn's disease (n = 19), short-chain MTX-Glu1-2 were 2.5-fold higher in remission vs. active disease, approaching statistical significance (p = 0.066), with no statistical differences in IFX trough (p = 0.549) between groups. Our study highlights a potential role for long-chain MTX-Glu in the therapeutic drug monitoring of MTX in IBD. It is the first study in pediatric IBD and, although statistical significance was not reached, our findings also suggest that higher short-chain MTX-Glu levels may be associated with IBD treatment response to MTX in children.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 58(21): 14728-14733, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618005

RESUMO

When CsCl, BaS, BaO, V, and S are reacted in a solid-state reaction under inert conditions, pure powders and single crystals of senary CsBa6V4S12ClO4 can be obtained. Its unique crystal structure has the symmetry R3̅H (no. 148) and unit cell parameters a = 9.0575(2) and c = 28.339(1) Å. The crystal structure contains polar units [VS3O]3- and a complex BaS7ClO2 coordination. The compound gets its deep-red color from a low-energy charge transfer, which can be explained by an electron transfer from S2- to V5+. In the near-infrared range, down-converted fluorescence occurs at 1.06 and 0.90 eV, and both emissions appear <450 ps after excitation at about 1.27 eV.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 58(18): 11978-11982, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247813

RESUMO

To develop an understanding of the magnetism on one-dimensional lattices, one of the great challenges is to identify novel model systems with enough chemical flexibility to design the magnetic interactions in measurable samples. To contribute to this endeavor, we present a number of bichalcogenides with similar trigonal packing of magnetic chains. These chains consist of 3d transition-metal (TM) ions that are 6-fold-coordinated by S or Se. Each TM coordination can be described as a trigonally distorted octahedron that shares faces with two neighboring octahedra. A unique ability with these model systems is that an entity with electric polarity can be introduced between the chains that causes the TM ions in the chains to shift to polar positions, thereby allowing for magnetoelectric coupling. By a comparison of the macroscopic data of polar and nonpolar chains with either S = 1 or S = 3/2, it is obvious that the magnetic properties are affected by the indirect electric polarity from the entity between the chains.

13.
Cell Metab ; 29(1): 78-90.e5, 2019 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30174309

RESUMO

Nuclear-encoded mutations causing metabolic and degenerative diseases have highly variable expressivity. Patients sharing the homozygous mutation (c.523delC) in the adenine nucleotide translocator 1 gene (SLC25A4, ANT1) develop cardiomyopathy that varies from slowly progressive to fulminant. This variability correlates with the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) lineage. To confirm that mtDNA variants can modulate the expressivity of nuclear DNA (nDNA)-encoded diseases, we combined in mice the nDNA Slc25a4-/- null mutation with a homoplasmic mtDNA ND6P25L or COIV421A variant. The ND6P25L variant significantly increased the severity of cardiomyopathy while the COIV421A variant was phenotypically neutral. The adverse Slc25a4-/- and ND6P25L combination was associated with impaired mitochondrial complex I activity, increased oxidative damage, decreased l-Opa1, altered mitochondrial morphology, sensitization of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore, augmented somatic mtDNA mutation levels, and shortened lifespan. The strikingly different phenotypic effects of these mild mtDNA variants demonstrate that mtDNA can be an important modulator of autosomal disease.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Complexo I de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Mitocôndrias/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mutação
14.
Inorg Chem ; 57(6): 2989-3001, 2018 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29473747

RESUMO

Six La ABB'O6 ( A = Ca, Sr; B = Co, Ni; B' = Ru, Os) double perovskites were synthesized, several for the first time, and their crystal structures and magnetic behavior were characterized with neutron powder diffraction and direct-current and alternating-current magnetometry. All six compounds crystallize with P21 /n space group symmetry, resulting from a- a- c+ octahedral tilting and complete rock salt ordering of transition-metal ions. Despite the electronic configurations of the transition-metal ions, either d8-d3 or d7-d3, not one of the six compounds shows ferromagnetism as predicted by the Goodenough-Kanamori rules. LaSrNiOsO6, LaSrNiRuO6, and LaCaNiRuO6 display long-range antiferromagnetic order, while LaCaNiOsO6, LaCaCoOsO6, and LaSrCoOsO6 exhibit spin-glass behavior. These compounds are compared to the previously studied LaCaCoRuO6 and LaSrCoRuO6, both of which order antiferromagnetically. The observed variations in magnetic properties can be attributed largely to the response of competing superexchange pathways due to changes in B-O- B' bond angles, differences in the radial extent of the 4d ( B' = Ru) and 5d ( B' = Os) orbitals, and filling of the t2g orbitals of the 3d ion.

15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 114(10): 2705-2710, 2017 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28223503

RESUMO

Diabetes is associated with impaired glucose metabolism in the presence of excess insulin. Glucose and fatty acids provide reducing equivalents to mitochondria to generate energy, and studies have reported mitochondrial dysfunction in type II diabetes patients. If mitochondrial dysfunction can cause diabetes, then we hypothesized that increased mitochondrial metabolism should render animals resistant to diabetes. This was confirmed in mice in which the heart-muscle-brain adenine nucleotide translocator isoform 1 (ANT1) was inactivated. ANT1-deficient animals are insulin-hypersensitive, glucose-tolerant, and resistant to high fat diet (HFD)-induced toxicity. In ANT1-deficient skeletal muscle, mitochondrial gene expression is induced in association with the hyperproliferation of mitochondria. The ANT1-deficient muscle mitochondria produce excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) and are partially uncoupled. Hence, the muscle respiration under nonphosphorylating conditions is increased. Muscle transcriptome analysis revealed the induction of mitochondrial biogenesis, down-regulation of diabetes-related genes, and increased expression of the genes encoding the myokines FGF21 and GDF15. However, FGF21 was not elevated in serum, and FGF21 and UCP1 mRNAs were not induced in liver or brown adipose tissue (BAT). Hence, increased oxidation of dietary-reducing equivalents by elevated muscle mitochondrial respiration appears to be the mechanism by which ANT1-deficient mice prevent diabetes, demonstrating that the rate of mitochondrial oxidation of calories is important in the etiology of metabolic disease.


Assuntos
Translocador 1 do Nucleotídeo Adenina/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Fator 15 de Diferenciação de Crescimento/genética , Translocador 1 do Nucleotídeo Adenina/deficiência , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/patologia , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias Musculares/genética , Mitocôndrias Musculares/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias Musculares/patologia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/genética , Proteína Desacopladora 1/genética
16.
Sci Rep ; 6: 32462, 2016 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27571715

RESUMO

The influence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC) on the physical properties of the 5d(2) system Sr2MgOsO6 is probed via a combination of magnetometry, specific heat measurements, elastic and inelastic neutron scattering, and density functional theory calculations. Although a significant degree of frustration is expected, we find that Sr2MgOsO6 orders in a type I antiferromagnetic structure at the remarkably high temperature of 108 K. The measurements presented allow for the first accurate quantification of the size of the magnetic moment in a 5d(2) system of 0.60(2) µB -a significantly reduced moment from the expected value for such a system. Furthermore, significant anisotropy is identified via a spin excitation gap, and we confirm by first principles calculations that SOC not only provides the magnetocrystalline anisotropy, but also plays a crucial role in determining both the ground state magnetic order and the size of the local moment in this compound. Through comparison to Sr2ScOsO6, it is demonstrated that SOC-induced anisotropy has the ability to relieve frustration in 5d(2) systems relative to their 5d(3) counterparts, providing an explanation of the high TN found in Sr2MgOsO6.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 55(16): 8091-8, 2016 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27453472

RESUMO

Arsenic-72 ((72)As) and (77)As have nuclear properties useful for positron emission tomography (PET) and radiotherapy, respectively. The thiophilic nature of arsenic led to the evaluation of dithioarylarsines for potential use in radiopharmaceuticals. Several dithioarylarsines were synthesized from their arylarsonic acids and dithiols and were fully characterized by NMR, ESI-MS, and X-ray crystallography. This chemistry was translated to the no-carrier-added (nca) (77)As level. Because arsenic was available at the nca nanomolar level only as [(77)As]arsenate, this required addition of an aryl group directly to the As to form the [(77)As]arylarsonic acid. The [(77)As]arsenate was reduced from (77)As (V) to (77)As (III), and a modified Bart reaction was used to incorporate the aryl ring onto the (77)As, which was followed by dithiol addition. Various modifications and optimizations resulted in 95% radiochemical yield of nca [(77)As]p-ethoxyphenyl-1,2-ethanedithiolatoarsine.


Assuntos
Arsenicais/química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Arsenicais/síntese química , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/síntese química , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Tolueno/análogos & derivados , Tolueno/química
18.
Inorg Chem ; 53(15): 7983-92, 2014 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25025612

RESUMO

The synthesis, structure, and properties of the ordered double perovskites Sr2FeOsO6, Ca2FeOsO6, and SrCaFeOsO6 are reported. The latter two compounds have monoclinic P21/n symmetry and a(-)a(-)b(+) tilting of the octahedra, while Sr2FeOsO6 is tetragonal with I4/m symmetry and a(0)a(0)c(-) tilting. Magnetic measurements indicate and neutron powder diffraction studies confirm that Ca2FeOsO6 is a ferrimagnet with a Curie temperature of 350 K. The ferrimagnetism is retained if half of the Ca(2+) ions are replaced with larger Sr(2+) ions to form SrCaFeOsO6 (T(C) = 210 K). This substitution reduces the degree of octahedral tilting, but unlike most perovskites, the magnetic ordering temperature decreases as the Fe-O-Os bond angles approach a linear geometry. In contrast, Sr2FeOsO6 orders antiferromagnetically, as previously reported. X-ray absorption spectroscopy confirms the assignment of Fe(III) and Os(V) oxidation states for all three compounds. In these insulating double perovskites, the magnetic ground state is governed by a competition between the four-bond Fe-O-Os-O-Fe antiferromagnetic superexchange coupling of Fe(III) ions and the two-bond Fe-O-Os antiferromagnetic superexchange coupling between neighboring Fe(III) and Os(V) ions. When the Fe-O-Os bonds are linear, as they are in the c direction in Sr2FeOsO6, the four-bond coupling between Fe(III) ions prevails. The competition shifts in favor of antiferromagnetic coupling of Fe(III) and Os(V) as the Fe-O-Os bond angles bend in response to chemical pressure.

19.
J Chromatogr A ; 1340: 109-14, 2014 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24679827

RESUMO

An anion exchange method was developed to separate selenium and arsenic for potential utility in a (72)Se/(72)As generator. The separation of the daughter (72)As from the (72)Se parent is based on the relative acid-base behavior of the two oxo-anions in their highest oxidation states. At pH 1.5, selenate is retained on strongly basic anion exchange resin as HSeO4(-) and SeO4(2-), while neutral arsenic acid, H3AsO4, is eluted.


Assuntos
Arsênio/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia por Troca Iônica/métodos , Radioisótopos/isolamento & purificação , Radioisótopos de Selênio/isolamento & purificação , Resinas de Troca Aniônica , Arsênio/análise , Arsênio/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Oxirredução , Radioisótopos/análise , Radioisótopos/química , Radioisótopos de Selênio/análise , Radioisótopos de Selênio/química
20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 135(50): 18824-30, 2013 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24246057

RESUMO

The insulating, fully ordered, double perovskite Sr2CoOsO6 undergoes two magnetic phase transitions. The Os(VI) ions order antiferromagnetically with a propagation vector k = (1/2, 1/2, 0) below TN1 = 108 K, while the high-spin Co(II) ions order antiferromagnetically with a propagation vector k = (1/2, 0, 1/2) below TN2 = 70 K. Ordering of the Os(VI) spins is accompanied by a structural distortion from tetragonal I4/m symmetry to monoclinic I2/m symmetry, which reduces the frustration of the face centered cubic lattice of Os(VI) ions. Density functional theory calculations show that the long-range Os-O-Co-O-Os and Co-O-Os-O-Co superexchange interactions are considerably stronger than the shorter Os-O-Co interactions. The poor energetic overlap between the 3d orbitals of Co and the 5d orbitals of Os appears to be responsible for this unusual inversion in the strength of short and long-range superexchange interactions.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...