Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 37
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract ; 8(1): 273-282, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31377437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rituximab (RTX; anti-CD20 mAb) is a treatment option in children with refractory immune thrombocytopenia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA), and Evans syndrome (ES). Prevalence and clinical course of RTX-induced hypogammaglobulinemia in these patients are poorly known. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for persistent hypogammaglobulinemia (PH) after RTX use. METHODS: Clinical and immunologic data from children treated with RTX for immune thrombocytopenia, AHA, and ES were collected from 16 Italian centers and 1 UK center at pre-RTX time point (0), +6 months, and yearly, up to 4 years post-RTX. Patients with previously diagnosed malignancy or primary immune deficiency (PID) were excluded. RESULTS: We analyzed 53 children treated with RTX for immune thrombocytopenia (n = 36), AHA (n = 13), and ES (n = 4). Median follow-up was 30 months (range, 12-48). Thirty-two percent of patients (17 of 53) experienced PH, defined as IgG levels less than 2 SD for age at last follow-up (>12 months after RTX). Significantly delayed B-cell recovery was observed in children experiencing PH (hazard ratio, 0.55; P < .05), and 6 of 17 (35%) patients had unresolved B-cell lymphopenia at last follow-up. PH was associated with IgA and IgM deficiency, younger age at RTX use (51 vs 116 months; P < .01), a diagnosis of AHA/ES, and better response to RTX. Nine patients with PH (9 of 17 [53%]) were eventually diagnosed with a PID. CONCLUSIONS: Post-RTX PH is a frequent condition in children with autoimmune cytopenia; a sizable proportion of patients with post-RTX PH were eventually diagnosed with a PID. In-depth investigation for PID is therefore recommended in these patients.

2.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol Pulmonol ; 32(2): 70-75, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508259

RESUMO

Background: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin G (SCIG) may be a better option than intravenous immunoglobulin G (IVIG) for patients with primary immunodeficiencies (PID) due to reduced systemic and serious adverse reactions and easier administration. The Infusione Bimensile di Immunoglobuline Sottocute (IBIS) study investigated the effects of Hizentra®, a 20%-concentrated SCIG, administered biweekly in patients with PID. This subanalysis aimed to evaluate clinical and laboratory outcomes in the IBIS pediatric subcohort. Methods: Thirteen children with PID were observed for 12 months retrospectively (with previous IVIG/SCIG) and prospectively with biweekly Hizentra. Results: Mean ± standard deviation serum IG levels during the retrospective (833.8 ± 175.7 mg/dL) and the prospective (842.0 ± 188.0 mg/dL) phases were comparable; there were also no differences in the number of infections. Conclusions: Biweekly Hizentra is a noninferior option with respect to previous IVIG/SCIG-based treatment.

4.
Front Immunol ; 10: 316, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31031743

RESUMO

Background: Primary Immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are a heterogeneous group of genetic immune disorders. While some PIDs can manifest with more than one phenotype, signs, and symptoms of various PIDs overlap considerably. Recently, novel defects in immune-related genes and additional variants in previously reported genes responsible for PIDs have been successfully identified by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), allowing the recognition of a broad spectrum of disorders. Objective: To evaluate the strength and weakness of targeted NGS sequencing using custom-made Ion Torrent and Haloplex (Agilent) panels for diagnostics and research purposes. Methods: Five different panels including known and candidate genes were used to screen 105 patients with distinct PID features divided in three main PID categories: T cell defects, Humoral defects and Other PIDs. The Ion Torrent sequencing platform was used in 73 patients. Among these, 18 selected patients without a molecular diagnosis and 32 additional patients were analyzed by Haloplex enrichment technology. Results: The complementary use of the two custom-made targeted sequencing approaches allowed the identification of causative variants in 28.6% (n = 30) of patients. Twenty-two out of 73 (34.6%) patients were diagnosed by Ion Torrent. In this group 20 were included in the SCID/CID category. Eight out of 50 (16%) patients were diagnosed by Haloplex workflow. Ion Torrent method was highly successful for those cases with well-defined phenotypes for immunological and clinical presentation. The Haloplex approach was able to diagnose 4 SCID/CID patients and 4 additional patients with complex and extended phenotypes, embracing all three PID categories in which this approach was more efficient. Both technologies showed good gene coverage. Conclusions: NGS technology represents a powerful approach in the complex field of rare disorders but its different application should be weighted. A relatively small NGS target panel can be successfully applied for a robust diagnostic suspicion, while when the spectrum of clinical phenotypes overlaps more than one PID an in-depth NGS analysis is required, including also whole exome/genome sequencing to identify the causative gene.

5.
World Allergy Organ J ; 12(3): 100018, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937141

RESUMO

Background: X-linked agammaglobulinemia is an inherited immunodeficiency recognized since 1952. In spite of seven decades of experience, there is still a limited understanding of regional differences in presentation and complications. This study was designed by the Primary Immunodeficiencies Committee of the World Allergy Organization to better understand regional needs, challenges and unique patient features. Methods: A survey instrument was designed by the Primary Immunodeficiencies Committee of the World Allergy Organization to collect both structured and semi-structured data on X-linked agammaglobulinemia. The survey was sent to 54 centers around the world chosen on the basis of World Allergy Organization participation and/or registration in the European Society for Immunodeficiencies. There were 40 centers that responded, comprising 32 countries. Results: This study reports on 783 patients from 40 centers around the world. Problems with diagnosis are highlighted by the reported delays in diagnosis>24 months in 34% of patients and the lack of genetic studies in 39% of centers Two infections exhibited regional variation. Vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis was seen only in countries with live polio vaccination and two centers reported mycobacteria. High rates of morbidity were reported. Acute and chronic lung diseases accounted for 41% of the deaths. Unusual complications such as inflammatory bowel disease and large granular lymphocyte disease, among others were specifically enumerated, and while individually uncommon, they were collectively seen in 20.3% of patients. These data suggest that a broad range of both inflammatory, infectious, and autoimmune conditions can occur in patients. The breadth of complications and lack of data on management subsequently appeared as a significant challenge reported by centers. Survival above 20 years of age was lowest in Africa (22%) and reached above 70% in Australia, Europe and the Americas. Centers were asked to report their challenges and responses (n = 116) emphasized the difficulties in access to immunoglobulin products (16%) and reflected the ongoing need for education of both patients and referring physicians. Conclusions: This is the largest study of patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia and emphasizes the continued morbidity and mortality of XLA despite progress in diagnosis and treatment. It presents a world view of the successes and challenges for patients and physicians alike. A pivotal finding is the need for education of physicians regarding typical symptoms suggesting a possible diagnosis of X-linked agammaglobulinemia and sharing of best practices for the less common complications.

6.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 30(3): 325-334, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30734368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pollen-related seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (SAR) is a very frequent pediatric disease in Westernized countries. Risk factors and disease phenotypes have been thoroughly examined in several cross-sectional studies. By contrast, only a few studies have examined disease evolution in patient cohorts. We investigated predictive biomarkers of disease evolution in a large cohort of children with SAR. METHODS: During 2015-2017 (follow-up), we re-examined 401 patients from those enrolled in 2009-2011 (baseline) by the "Panallergens in Pediatrics" study, a large multicenter survey of Italian children with SAR. Information on clinical history (standard questionnaire, AllergyCARD®; TPS, Italy) and skin prick tests for inhalant and foods extracts (ALK-Abelló, Hørsholm, Denmark) was acquired as at baseline visit. Evolution in clinical and sensitization data of patients was analyzed over time, as well as their association with the main baseline characteristics and atopy risk factors. RESULTS: The average age of participants was 10.4 ± 3.4 years at baseline and 16.2 ± 3.6 years at follow-up. SAR persisted in 93.3% of patients at follow-up and became more frequently associated with asthma (from 36.7% at baseline to 48.6% at follow-up) and oral allergy syndrome (OAS, from 23.4% to 37.7%). Compared to baseline, the prevalence of skin sensitization to some pollens (Phleum pratense, Corylus avellana, Platanus acerifolia, Artemisia vulgaris) and vegetables (hazelnut, wheat, and apple) significantly decreased at follow-up. Earlier onset of SAR and polysensitization at baseline were associated with incident asthma at follow-up. The presence at baseline of serum IgE to the following allergen molecules was identified as biomarkers of clinical evolution: (a) Phl p 1, for persistence of SAR; (b) Phl p 5, for persistence of both rhinitis and asthma; (c) Pru p 3, for new onset of asthma; (d) Bet v 1, for persistence of OAS. CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is clinically heterogeneous in its evolution from childhood to adolescence. The detection of serum IgE to specific molecules (Phl p 1, Phl p 5, Bet v 1, Pru p 3) may be useful as biomarkers to predict SAR persistence and future onset of comorbidities, such as asthma and/or OAS.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Rinite Alérgica/sangue , Testes Cutâneos/métodos , Adolescente , Alérgenos/imunologia , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/etiologia , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Rinite Alérgica/complicações , Rinite Alérgica/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco , Testes Cutâneos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 30(3): 289-295, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30681199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Schoolchildren screening for allergic diseases may improve early identification and management of atopic children. The aim of this study was to perform a schoolchildren screening program for identification of children with allergic diseases. METHODS: All parents of children attending to 13 primary schools in the city of Rome were requested to fill in a demographic data form and the ChAt questionnaire. Allergological evaluation was performed in the children with suspect of allergy (ChAt score > 2). Ocular examination was performed to identify signs of allergic conjunctivitis. The presence of allergic symptoms was related to demographic and environmental variables. RESULTS: A total of 2667 children (mean age: 7.1 ± 1 years) were included, and 2489 (93.3%) parents completed the ChAt questionnaire. Results of ChAt questionnaire showed a previous diagnosis of allergic disease in 637 (25.6%) children and the potential presence of an allergic disease (ChAt score > 2) in 35.1%. Multivariate analysis showed that older age, male gender, and having less than two siblings were associated with higher risk of allergic disease. Visual screening showed the presence of clinical signs of allergic conjunctivitis in 2% of children. Allergologic evaluation in 334 children confirmed the diagnosis of allergic disease in 324 (97%) cases. Among them, 97 (29.9%) did not refer to a previous formal diagnosis of allergic condition. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that schoolchildren screening using ChAt questionnaire could represent a useful tool for early identification of yet undiagnosed atopic children.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/diagnóstico , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Roma/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Eur J Pediatr ; 178(1): 51-60, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30269248

RESUMO

Selective IgA deficiency is defined as absolute or partial when serum IgA level is < 7 mg/dl or 2 SD below normal for age, respectively. Few data are available on partial selective IgA deficiency, as probably most children with low serum IgA are seldom referred to a specialist clinic in common pediatric practice. The aim of our study was to better define the profile of both symptomatic forms and their clinical outcome in a pediatric immunology setting. Thus, clinical and immunological data from 103 symptomatic patients with selective IgA deficiency (53 absolute and 50 partial), 4-18 years of age, were collected at diagnosis and 80 patients (44 absolute and 36 partial) were monitored for a mean period of 5 years. Also, the prevalence of TNFRSF13B mutations has been assessed in 56 patients. The most common clinical features were infections (86/103; 83%), allergy (39/103; 38%), and autoimmunity (13/103; 13%). No significative differences were observed between absolute and partial selective IgA deficiency patients. However, a significative difference in the rate of IgA normalization between partial and absolute selective IgA deficiency patients (33 vs 9%, p = 0.01) was detected. Furthermore, a lower incidence of infections was associated to a normalization reversal compared to a final absolute or partial defect status (12 vs 53 and 64% respectively, p < 0.01).Conclusions: Regardless of a diagnosis of absolute or partial defect, monitoring of symptomatic patients with selective IgA deficiency is recommended overtime for prompt identification and treatment of associated diseases. Further, diagnostic workup protocols should be revisited in children with IgA deficiency. What is Known: ● Selective IgA Deficiency is the most common primary immunodeficiency and is usually asymptomatic. ● Symptomatic pediatric patients with selective IgA deficiency mostly suffer with respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. What is New: ● Symptomatic children with partial IgA defect may have similar clinical, immunological, and genetic features than symptomatic children with absolute IgA deficiency. ● Symptomatic children with partial IgA deficiency deserve accurate monitoring for associated diseases as per children with absolute IgA deficiency.


Assuntos
Deficiência de IgA/diagnóstico , Imunoglobulina A/sangue , Proteína Transmembrana Ativadora e Interagente do CAML/genética , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Deficiência de IgA/complicações , Deficiência de IgA/genética , Masculino , Mutação , Prevalência
10.
J Clin Immunol ; 38(5): 602-609, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29951948

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) replacement therapy is a standard treatment for patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs). Hizentra®, a 20% human subcutaneous IgG (SCIG), is approved for biweekly administration for PIDs. The aim of the multicenter IBIS study was to prospectively investigate the efficacy of biweekly Hizentra® compared with previous IVIG or SCIG treatment regimens in patients with PIDs. The study consisted of a 12-month retrospective period followed by 12-month prospective observational period. The main endpoints included pre-infusion IgG concentrations, proportion of patients with serious bacterial infections (SBIs), other infections, hospitalizations due to PID-related illnesses, and days with antibiotics during the study periods. Of the 36 patients enrolled in the study, 35 patients continued the study (mean age 26.1 ± 14.4 years; 68.6% male). The mean pre-infusion IgG levels for prior immunoglobulin regimens during the retrospective period (7.84 ± 2.09 g/L) and the prospective period (8.55 ± 1.76 g/L) did not show any significant variations (p = 0.4964). The mean annual rate of SBIs/patient was 0.063 ± 0.246 for both prospective and retrospective periods. No hospitalizations related to PIDs were reported during the prospective period versus one in the retrospective period. All patients were either very (76.5%) or quite (23.5%) satisfied with biweekly Hizentra® at the end of the study. In conclusion, the IBIS study provided real-world evidence on the efficacy of biweekly Hizentra® in patients with PIDs, thus verifying the data generated by the pharmacometric modeling and simulation study in a normal clinical setting.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina G/administração & dosagem , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Masculino , Satisfação do Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Vaccine ; 36(24): 3541-3554, 2018 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29426658

RESUMO

Infectious complications are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with primary or secondary immunodeficiency. Prevention of infectious diseases by vaccines is among the most effective healthcare measures mainly for these subjects. However immunocompromised people vary in their degree of immunosuppression and susceptibility to infection and, therefore, represent a heterogeneous population with regard to immunization. To date there is no well- established evidence for use of vaccines in immunodeficient patients, and indications are not clearly defined even in high-quality reviews and in most of the guidelines prepared to provide recommendations for the active vaccination of immunocompromised hosts. The aim of this document is to issue recommendations based on published literature and the collective experience of the Italian primary immunodeficiency centers, about how and when vaccines can be used in immunocompromised patients, in order to facilitate physician decisions and to ensure the best immune protection with the lowest risk to the health of the patient.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Bacterianas/administração & dosagem , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Vacinas Virais/administração & dosagem , Viroses/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Infecções Bacterianas/imunologia , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Infecções Bacterianas/virologia , Criança , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Esquemas de Imunização , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/microbiologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/virologia , Itália , Vacinação/métodos , Vacinas de Produtos Inativados , Viroses/imunologia , Viroses/virologia
12.
Front Pediatr ; 5: 95, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28512628

RESUMO

WHIM syndrome is a condition in which affected persons have chronic peripheral neutropenia, lymphopenia, abnormal susceptibility to human papilloma virus infection, and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to the retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow (BM), which accounts for degenerative changes and hypersegmentation. Most patients present heterozygous autosomal dominant mutations of the gene encoding CXCR4. Consequently, aberrant CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling impairs the receptor downregulation causing hyperactivation (gain-of-function) that affects BM homing for myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis and the release of neutrophils in the bloodstream. We report the case of a 26-year-old female with severe foot and hand cutaneous warts since childhood, recalcitrant genital condylomatas, bacterial infections, and intraepithelial cervical neoplasia. Laboratory tests revealed severe B lymphopenia and HPV high and low risk types. HIV testing was negative. Not only CXCR4 but also GATA2, NEMO, and CD40L gene mutations were excluded. BM smears revealed, in the presence of a normal cellularity, hyperplasia of myeloid cells (MPO positive) and karyorrhexis, especially in neutrophils and eosinophils. Of note, neutrophils with altered lobation of nuclei connected by long thin chromatin filaments were observed. Our patient presented a clinical and histological picture reminiscent of WHIM in the presence of normal peripheral neutrophil counts and wild-type CXCR4 gene. Although the BM did not reveal a classical pattern of myelokathexis, the observation of consistent signs of neutrophil dysplasia has fuelled the hypothesis of a novel WHIM variant or a novel immunodeficiency. We speculate that abnormalities that affect CXCR4/CXCL12 pair, including GRK levels or activity, might be responsible for this WHIM-like disorder.

13.
Pediatric Health Med Ther ; 8: 99-105, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29388629

RESUMO

Background: Allergic diseases represent a frequent and increasing condition affecting children. A screening questionnaire allowing an easy identification of children with symptoms of allergic diseases may improve management and clinical outcome. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an easy-to-use screening questionnaire to detect children requiring further allergological evaluations. Methods: A 10-item questionnaire, evaluating the presence and the history of the most frequent allergic conditions affecting children, including allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, food allergy, and atopic dermatitis, was developed and administered to 214 parents of children from 5 to 10 years of age (163 with allergic disease and 51 healthy, nonallergic children). Validation was performed by Pearson's correlation between the clinical diagnosis and the responses to the questionnaire. Internal consistency was computed by Cronbach's alpha correlation coefficient. Sensitivity and specificity of the novel questionnaire were assessed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: Validation analysis of the new children atopy (ChAt) questionnaire showed good internal consistency with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.757. Responses to the items evaluating the presence of individual allergic conditions significantly correlated with the clinical diagnosis (p<0.001). The ROC curve showed an area of 0.956 and identified a cutoff value >2 of the ChAt questionnaire total score for detection of allergy (sensitivity =0.92 and specificity =0.902). Conclusion: The novel ChAt questionnaire represents a simple tool able to detect the presence of all major allergic diseases in a pediatric population allowing an early identification of allergic multimorbidity and potentially facilitating clinical management.

14.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 30(1): 73-82, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27927705

RESUMO

In patients with primary antibody deficiencies, subcutaneous administration of IgG (SCIG) replacement is effective, safe, well-tolerated, and can be self-administered at home. A new SCIG replacement at 20% concentration (Hizentra®) has been developed and has replaced Vivaglobin® (SCIG 16%). An observational prospective multi-centric open-label study, with retrospective comparison was conducted in 15 Italian centers, in order to investigate whether and to what extent switching to Hizentra® would affect frequency of infusions, number of infusion sites, patients' satisfaction, and tolerability in patients previously treated with Vivaglobin® or intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG). Any variations of dosage, frequency and duration of the infusions, and of number of infusion sites induced by Hizentra® with respect to the former treatment were recorded. Practical advantages and disadvantages of Hizentra®, with respect to the medicinal product formerly used, and the variations in patients' therapy-related satisfaction were monitored by means of the TSQM (Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication); number, frequency, and duration of infectious events and adverse effects were recorded. Eighty-two patients switched to Hizentra®: 19 (23.2%) from IVIG and 63 (76.8%) from Vivaglobin®. The mean interval between infusions was not affected by the shift (7.0 ± 2.0 days with previous treatment versus 7.1 ± 1.2 during Hizentra®). A decrease in the number of infusion sites with Hizentra® was recorded in 12 out of 56 patients for whom these data were available. At 6 months, 89.7% of patients were satisfied with Hizentra®; no difference in terms of effectiveness, side effects, convenience, and global satisfaction was observed. No difference in the incidence of adverse events was reported.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina G/administração & dosagem , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/sangue , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
16.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 168(1): 25-31, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26528861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence and clinical relevance of hypersensitivity to the plant panallergen profilin in children. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate prevalence, risk factors and clinical relevance of profilin sensitization in a large cohort of Italian children of different ages living in different geographic areas. METHODS: Children with pollen allergy enrolled by 16 pediatric outpatient clinics sited in three main geographic areas of Italy were studied. SPT were carried out with commercial pollen extracts and a commercial purified date palm pollen profilin. IgE specific for allergenic pollen molecules, Phl p 12 (grass profilin) and Pru p 3 (peach lipid transfer protein) were tested by ImmunoCAP FEIA. RESULTS: IgE to Phl p 12 (≥0.35 kU/l) was observed in 296 of the 1,271 participants (23%), including 17 of the 108 (16%) preschool children. Profilin SPT was positive (≥3 mm) in 320/1,271 (25%) participants. The two diagnostic methods were concordant in 1,151 (91%, p < 0.0001) cases. Phl p 12 IgE prevalence declined from northern to southern Italy and was directly associated with IgE to Phl p 1 and/or Phl p 5 and Ole e 1. Among children with IgE to Phl p 12, OAS was provoked by kiwi, melon, watermelon, banana, apricot and cucumber. CONCLUSIONS: Profilin sensitization is very frequent among pollen-allergic children, occurs at a very young age and contributes to the development of childhood OAS with a typical pattern of offending foods. Pediatricians should always consider IgE sensitization to profilin while examining pollen-allergic children, even if they are at preschool age.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Antígenos de Plantas/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade/epidemiologia , Hipersensibilidade/imunologia , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Pólen/imunologia , Profilinas/imunologia , Proteínas de Transporte/imunologia , Criança , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Cucumis sativus/imunologia , Feminino , Frutas/imunologia , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Poaceae/imunologia , Prevalência , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/imunologia , Fatores de Risco , Testes Cutâneos/métodos
18.
Clin Drug Investig ; 35(3): 179-85, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25672929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIG) therapy is becoming increasingly popular as self-administration is possible because intravenous access is unnecessary, and there is a lower frequency of systemic adverse events. The aim of this study was to evaluate the shifting from intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs) replacement therapy to SCIG in patients with primary immunodeficiency (PID) in a routine real-life situation. METHODS: In a multicenter prospective observational study, we enrolled 50 patients suffering from PID who were monitored for 24 months; 44 patients switched from IVIG and six from different SCIG preparations. The study preparation (human IgG 16 %, Vivaglobin(®), CSL Behring GmbH, Germany) was subcutaneously infused weekly (maximum volume 15 mL/site; maximum infusion rate 22 mL/h). The study endpoints were: annual rate of severe bacterial infections (SBIs), local adverse reactions, quality of life, days off school/work, and days of hospitalization. RESULTS: Thirty-three of 39 (84.6 %) patients who completed the study experienced an infection or signs thereof. Only five SBIs were observed, corresponding to an annual rate of 0.056 episodes per patient in 44 subjects [intention-to-treat (ITT) population]. A significant decrease in both days of hospitalization (1.93 ± 4.08 vs. 0.64 ± 2.94) and days off school/work (15.27 ± 23.17 vs. 2.26 ± 4.45) was recorded at 24 months. Local reactions were observed in 14/50 (28 %) patients, mainly consisting of skin manifestations at the injection site. Only three (6.8 %) patients discontinued due to infusion site reactions. In patients shifting from IVIG to SCIG, the total mean score of Life Quality Index (LQI) improved from 76.9 ± 16.8 to 90.7 ± 11.6 (P < 0.01) at 6 months; there was an improvement also in the overall patients' evaluation. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 93.2 % patients tolerated the new route of administration and reported a significant improvement in their LQI. Our results from a routine clinical practice in a real-life population are consistent with those of phase III clinical studies.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulinas/imunologia , Imunoglobulinas/uso terapêutico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas/administração & dosagem , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 134(1): 75-81, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24794684

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sensitization to profilins and other cross-reacting molecules might hinder proper specific immunotherapy (SIT) prescription in polysensitized patients with pollen-related allergic rhinitis (AR). In these patients, component-resolved diagnosis (CRD) might modify SIT prescription by improving the identification of the disease-eliciting pollen sources. OBJECTIVES: We sought to measure the effect of CRD on SIT prescription in children with pollen-related AR. METHODS: Children (n = 651) with moderate-to-severe pollen-related AR were recruited between May 2009 and June 2011 in 16 Italian outpatient clinics. Skin prick test (SPT) reactivity to grass, cypress, olive, mugwort, pellitory, and/or Betulaceae pollen was considered clinically relevant if symptoms occurred during the corresponding peak pollen season. IgE sensitization to Phl p 1, Phl p 5, Bet v 1, Cup a 1, Art v 1, Ole e 1, Par j 2, and Phl p 12 (profilin) was measured by using ImmunoCAP. SIT prescription was modeled on SPT responses first and then remodeled considering also CRD according to GA(2)LEN-European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology guidelines and the opinions of 14 pediatric allergists. RESULTS: No IgE to the respective major allergens was detected in significant proportions of patients with supposed clinically relevant sensitization to mugwort (45/65 [69%]), Betulaceae (146/252 [60%]), pellitory (78/257 [30%]), olive (111/390 [28%]), cypress (28/184 [15%]), and grass (56/568 [10%]). IgE to profilins, polcalcins, or both could justify 173 (37%) of 464 of these SPT reactions. After CRD, the SPT-based decision on SIT prescription or composition was changed in 277 (42%) of 651 or 315 (48%) of 651 children according to the European or American approach, respectively, and in 305 (47%) of 651 children according to the opinion of the 14 local pediatric allergists. CONCLUSIONS: In children with pollen-related AR, applying CRD leads to changes in a large proportion of SIT prescriptions as opposed to relying on clinical history and SPT alone. The hypothesis that CRD-guided prescription improves SIT efficacy deserves to be tested.


Assuntos
Alérgenos/imunologia , Dessensibilização Imunológica/métodos , Pólen/imunologia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/diagnóstico , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/terapia , Adolescente , Alérgenos/química , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Reações Cruzadas , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/sangue , Masculino , Plantas/imunologia , Pólen/química , Profilinas/genética , Profilinas/imunologia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/imunologia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/patologia , Testes Cutâneos
20.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol ; 24(8): 742-51, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24236692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pollen-induced allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (AR) is highly prevalent and rapidly evolving during childhood. General practitioners may not be fully aware of the nature and severity of symptoms experienced by patients and might underestimate the prevalence of moderate or severe disease. Thus, the relevance of early diagnosis and intervention may be overlooked. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the severity of pollen-induced AR and its determinants in Italian children referred to allergy specialists and who had never received specific immunotherapy (SIT). METHODS: Children (age 4-18 yr) affected by pollen-induced AR who had never undergone SIT were recruited between May 2009 and June 2011 in 16 pediatric outpatient clinics in 14 Italian cities. Recruited children's parents answered standardized questionnaires on atopic diseases (International Study of Allergy and Asthma in Childhood, Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma, Global Initiative for Asthma). The children underwent skin-prick test (SPT) with several airborne allergens and six food allergens. Information on socio-demographic factors, parental history of allergic diseases, education, perinatal events, breastfeeding, nutrition and environmental exposure in early life was collected through an informatics platform shared by the whole network of clinical centers (AllergyCARD™). RESULTS: Among the 1360 recruited patients (68% males, age 10.5 ± 3.4 yr), 695 (51%) had moderate-to-severe AR, 533 (39%) asthma, and 325 (23.9%) oral allergy syndrome (OAS). Reported onset of pollen-induced AR was on average at 5.3 ± 2.8 yr, and its mean duration from onset was 5.2 ± 3.3 yr. Only 6.2% of the patients were pollen-monosensitized, and 84.9% were sensitized to ≥3 pollens. A longer AR duration was significantly associated with moderate-to-severe AR symptoms (p 0.004), asthma (p 0.030), and OAS comorbidities (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This nationwide study may raise awareness of the severity of pollen-induced AR among Italian children who have never received pollen SIT. The strong association between pollen-induced AR duration and several markers of disease severity needs replication in longitudinal studies, while suggesting that countrywide initiatives for earlier diagnosis and intervention should be planned.


Assuntos
Conjuntivite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/epidemiologia , Idade de Início , Alérgenos/imunologia , Antígenos de Plantas/imunologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pólen/efeitos adversos , Pólen/imunologia , Prevalência , Rinite Alérgica Sazonal/diagnóstico , Testes Cutâneos , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA