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1.
Brain Imaging Behav ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717573

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impaired visual mental imagery is an important symptom of depression and has gradually become an intervention target for cognitive behavioral therapy. METHODS: Our study involved a total of 25 healthy controls (HC) and 23 individuals with moderate depressive symptoms (MD). This study explored the attentional mechanism supporting visual mental imagery impairments in depression using the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire (VVIQ), attentional network test (ANT), and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). The intrinsic activity of attention-related regions relative to those supporting visual mental imagery was identified in depression patients. In addition, a meta-analysis was used to describe the cognitive function related to this intrinsic activity. RESULTS: The global correlation (GCOR) of the right anterior fusiform gyrus (FG) was decreased in depression patients. Attention-related areas were concentrated in the right posterior FG; the anterior and posterior functional connectivity (FC) of the FG was decreased in depression patients. Graph theoretic analysis showed that the degree of the right anterior FG was decreased, the degree of the anterior insula was increased, and the negative connection between these two regions was strengthened in depression patients. In addition, the degree of the right anterior FG, the FC between the subregions of the right FG, and the FC between the right anterior FG and insula were correlated with VVIQ scores; however, this correlation was not significant in depression patients. The meta-analysis suggested that the changes in the anterior FG in depressed patients may stem from difficulties of semantic memory retrieval. CONCLUSION: The changed intrinsic activity of subregions of the FG relative to the semantic memory retrieval may be associated with visual mental imagery impairments in depression.

2.
Brain Res ; 1838: 148947, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657887

RESUMO

Perceived stress is an acknowledged risk factor for subthreshold depression (StD), and fluctuations in perceived stress are thought to disrupt the harmony of brain networks essential for emotional and cognitive functioning. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between eye-open (EO) and eye-closed (EC) states, perceived stress, and StD. We recruited 27 individuals with StD and 33 healthy controls, collecting resting state fMRI data under both EC and EO conditions. We combined intrinsic connectivity and seed-based functional connectivity analyses to construct the functional network and explore differences between EC and EO conditions. Graph theory analysis revealed weakened connectivity strength in the right superior frontal gyrus (SFG) and right median cingulate and paracingulate gyrus (MCC) among participants with StD, suggesting an important role for these regions in the stress-related emotions dysregulation. Notably, altered SFG connectivity was observed to significantly relate to perceived stress levels in StD, and the SFG connection emerges as a neural mediator potentially influencing the relationship between perceived stress and StD. These findings highlight the role of SFG and MCC in perceived stress and suggest that understanding EC and EO states in relation to these regions is important in the neurobiological framework of StD. This may offer valuable perspectives for early prevention and intervention strategies in mental health disorders.

3.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 48(2): 192-8, 2023 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36858417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the morphology and microstructure of spinal cord tissue, the expression of serum exosomes, and the pro-inflammatory factors interleukin (IL)-1ß and IL-6 in spinal cord of rats with spinal cord injury (SCI), so as to explore the underlying mechanism of EA in the treatment of SCI. METHODS: Twenty-four female Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, EA group, EA+GW4869 group, with 6 rats in each group. The SCI model was established by impinging spinal cord at T10 with a hammer, while the vertebral lamina was only opened without impingement for rats in sham operation group. Rats in EA group received EA intervention at "Jiaji"(EX-B7) acupoints at bilateral T9 and T10 (0.4-0.6 mA, 100 Hz), 3 h after modeling, once a day, for 7 concecutive days. Besides the treatment as EA group, rats in the EA+GW4869 group received injection of exosome inhibitor GW4869(200 µL, 300 µg/mL) once every 2 days from the day before modeling. Motor function of hind limbs of rats was evaluated using BBB scores. The histopathological changes of spinal cord were observed under light mircoscope after H.E. staining. Microstructure of spinal cord was observed and extracted serum exosomes were identified by using transmission electron microscopy. The expression of exosome marker proteins in serum exosomes, the levels of IL-1ß and IL-6 in spinal cord were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: H.E. stanining showed severe tissue looseness, inflammatory cell infiltration, cellular hydropic degeneration in spinal cord of the model group, which were relatively milder in the EA and EA+GW4869 groups. Under transmission electron microscopy, there were nerve fiber disintegration, myelin sheath structure dispersion, axonal atrophy with submembrane edema and widened space, and mitochondrial swelling in spinal cord of rats in the model group, with the lesions in EA group milder than EA+GW4869 group, which were both moderate. Typical exosomes were detected by transmission electron microscope in the extracted serum of rats in each group after ultracentrifugation. Compared with the sham operation group, the motor function scores was significantly decreased (P<0.01), the expression of IL-6 and IL-1ß in the spinal cord was significantly increased (P<0.01), while the expression of serum exosome marker protein CD81 was slightly increased in rats of the model group. Compared with the model group, the motor function scores was significantly increased (P<0.01), the expression of IL-6 and IL-1ß in the spinal cord was significantly decreased (P<0.01) in rats of the EA and EA+GW4869 group, while the expression of serum CD81 protein was slightly increased in rats of the EA group. Compared with the EA+GW4869 group, the expression of IL-6 and IL-1ß in the spinal cord was significantly decreased (P<0.01), while the expression of serum CD81 protein was slightly increased in rats of the EA group. However, there was no significance in expression of CD81 between each group mentioned above. CONCLUSION: EA can promote the secretion of serum exosomes and inhibit the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-1ß, so as to improve the microenvironment of injured spinal cord and SCI.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Exossomos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Feminino , Ratos , Animais , Interleucina-6 , Ratos Wistar
4.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(7): 834-8, 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35793898

RESUMO

Based on the clinical needs and examination requirements of standardized training students, the China national standardized training textbook Acupuncture and Moxibustion for residents of traditional Chinese medicine has made innovations in the textbook content and form. In the part of meridians and acupoints, the classic original text is introduced and the main indications and operation methods of 200 commonly-used acupoints are summarized in the form of tables. In the part of acupuncture and moxibustion technique, the operating procedures are standardized and the core technical points of 20 commonly-used acupuncture and moxibustion techniques are summarized in the form of flow chart. In the part of acupuncture and moxibustion treatment, 48 typical diseases are introduced in the form of case discussion, highlighting the problem orientation and demonstrating the diagnosis and treatment procedures.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Acupuntura/educação , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 47(1): 15-20, 2022 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35128865

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on the expression of related proteins in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling pathway and synapse-associated proteins and the density of dendrite spines in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of depression model rats, and to reveal the underlying mechanism by which EA regulates the synaptic plasticity to improve depressive symptoms. METHODS: Thirty-six healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, EA group, and scopolamine (SCOP) group, with 9 in each group. The depression model was established by exposing rats to chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) combined with isolated feeding. Rats in the EA group were treated with EA (2 Hz/100 Hz, 1-1.2 mA) at "Baihui" (GV20), "Yintang" (EX-HN3), "Hegu" (LI4), and "Taichong" (LR3), 20 min each time, once per day, for 14 d, while those in the SCOP group treated with intraperitoneal injection of 25 µg/kg SCOP, once every 16 h, for 14 d. The sucrose preference and feeding latency of rats in each group were observed in the sucrose preference test (SPT) and novelty-suppressed feeding test. The expression levels of proteins in the BDNF/mTORC1 signaling pathway and synapse-associated proteins PSD95, Synapsin Ⅰ, and GluR1 were assayed by Western blot. Golgi-Cox staining was conducted for exploring the total density of dendritic spines on the apical dendrites of layer Ⅴ pyramidal neurons in PFC as well as the densities of mature, immature, and filopodial-like dendritic spines. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited significantly decreased sucrose preference (P<0.001), prolonged feeding latency (P<0.001), down-regulated BDNF, mTORC1, phosphorylated mTORC1 (p-mTORC1), PSD95, Synapsin Ⅰ, and GluR1 expression (P<0.001,P<0.01), and diminished total, mature, and immature spine dendritic densities (P<0.001). Compared with the model group, both EA and SCOP remarkably increased the sucrose preference (P<0.001), shortened the feeding latency (P<0.001), up-regulated the BDNF, mTORC1, p-mTORC1, PSD95, Synapsin Ⅰ, and GluR1 expression in PFC(P<0.05,P<0.01,P<0.001), and elevated the total and immature spine dendritic densities (P<0.001,P<0.01). The density of filopodial-like dendritic spine in the EA group was obviously enhanced (P<0.01), whereas the mature dendritic spine density in the SCOP group rose sharply (P<0.001). However, there were no significant differences between the EA group and SCOP group (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: EA alleviates the depressive symptoms of CUMS model rats possibly by up-regulating the expression of proteins in the BDNF/mTORC1 signaling pathway and synapse-asso-ciated proteins PSD95, Synapsin Ⅰ, and GluR1, increasing the dendritic spine density, and enhancing the synaptic plasticity in PFC.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura , Animais , Hipocampo , Masculino , Alvo Mecanístico do Complexo 1 de Rapamicina/genética , Plasticidade Neuronal/genética , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
6.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(10): 1140-4, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628748

RESUMO

The paper summarizes the ideas and characteristics of acupoint selection in treatment of mental disorder with acupuncture and moxibustion by professor FU Wen-bin. Professor FU believes that mental disorder is manifested as the simultaneous illness of "heart" and "body". On the base of "holism" for the unity of body and mind, professor FU proposes the treating idea as "soothing the liver, regulating the mind and focusing on the heart and the gallbladder in treatment". In clinical practice, the acupoint prescription on specifically regulating and harmonizing yin and yang is composed to calm down the mind. The eight confluent points and back-shu points of five zang organs are selected to regulate zangfu functions. The "ghost" points, the points on the second line of bladder meridian and the acupoints with specific effect are used to tranquilize the mind, open the orifices and consolidate therapeutic effect. Meanwhile, the complicated symptoms are also considered in treatment. The integrative and holistic pattern of acupuncture and moxibustion therapy as "acupuncture at the top priority, followed by moxibustion, and consolidation at the end" achieves the co-regulation of qi and blood and tranquilization for both the mental and the physical.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtornos Mentais , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Pontos de Acupuntura , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia
7.
Front Psychiatry ; 12: 772523, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35095593

RESUMO

Introduction: Perimenopausal depression is predominantly caused by hormone shock, but the underlying physical and psychological factors are still unclear. Objectives: To explore the constituent components of perimenopausal depression by dynamically depicting its influencing factors and interactive pathways from the perspective of embodied cognition. Methods: This is a randomized clinical controlled trial. In this study, electroacupuncture was compared with escitalopram. A total of 242 participants with mild to moderate perimenopausal depression were enrolled from 6 hospitals in China. Each participant had a 12-week intervention and a 12-week follow-up period. The primary outcome of this study is the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17), and the secondary outcome is the menopause-specific quality of life scale (MENQOL), serum Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estrogen (E2) levels. Results: The structural equation model suggested that hormone levels were not directly associated with HAMD-17 (P = 0.852), while MENQOL was statistically correlated with HAMD-17 as an intermediary variable (P < 0.001). Electroacupuncture gradually showed positive impacts on MENQOL and HAMD-17 during the follow-up period (P < 0.05). Cognitive impairment is the dominant dimension of perimenopausal depression. Conclusions: Hormonal shock may affect clinical symptoms and poor quality of life to induce cognitive impairment leading perimenopausal depression, and this impact on cognition is embodied. Electroacupuncture has positive effect on perimenopausal depression and quality of life.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-829001

RESUMO

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the genetic diversity, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance of isolates from clinical patients, tap water systems, and food.@*Methods@#Ninety isolates were obtained from Ma'anshan, Anhui province, China, and subjected to multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) with six housekeeping genes. Their taxonomy was investigated using concatenated sequences, while their resistance to 12 antibiotics was evaluated. Ten putative virulence factors and several resistance genes were identified by PCR and sequencing.@*Results@#The 90 isolates were divided into 84 sequence types, 80 of which were novel, indicating high genetic diversity. The isolates were classified into eight different species. PCR assays identified virulence genes in the isolates, with the enterotoxin and hemolysin genes , , , and found in 47 (52.2%), 13 (14.4%), 22 (24.4%), and 12 (13.3%) of the isolates, respectively. The majority of the isolates (≥ 90%) were susceptible to aztreonam, imipenem, cefepime, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, tetracycline, and ciprofloxacin. However, several resistance genes were detected in the isolates, as well as a new variant.@*Conclusions@#Sequence type, virulence properties, and antibiotic resistance vary in isolates from clinical patients, tap water systems, and food.


Assuntos
Aeromonas , Genética , Virulência , Antibacterianos , Farmacologia , China , Água Potável , Microbiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Variação Genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas , Microbiologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Virulência
9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-813300

RESUMO

To investigate the risk factors for hypoparathyroidism after thyroidectomy.
 Methods: Clinical data of 492 patients, who underwent thyroidectomy from April 2015 to December 2016 from Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, were studied retrospectively. Chi-square test and multivariable logistic regression were performed to find the risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism.
 Results: The incidence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism was 43.5%, and the incidence of temporary and permanent hypoparathyroidism was 43.1% and 0.4%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that tumor pathology, thyroidectomy types, the extent of lymph node dissection, application of carbon nanoparticles, and merged Hashimoto's thyroiditis were risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism (all P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that: thyroidectomy types (OR=0.149, 95% CI 0.078 to 0.28), the extent lymph node dissection (OR=0.779, 95% CI 0.617 to 0.983) and application of carbon nanoparticles (OR=1.729, 
95% CI 1.067 to 2.801) were independent risk factors for postoperative hypoparathyroidism (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: Hypoparathyroidism is a common complication after thyroidectomy. The incidence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism is significantly increased in patients underwent total thyroidectomy and cervical lymph node dissection. Application of carbon nanoparticles intraoperatively can reduce the incidence of postoperative hypoparathyroidism.


Assuntos
Humanos , Hipoparatireoidismo , Cirurgia Geral , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Tireoidectomia
10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-691487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the differences of neutrophils chemotaxis ability in peritoneal cavity between normal rats and schizopherenic rats with cell dynamic visualization system.@*METHODS@#In the study,18 healthy Kunming rats were randomly divided into 3 groups which were control group (n=6), 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group (n=6), 0.6 mg/kg dizocilpine maleate (MK-801) treatment group(n=6), extracted neutrophils separately, and observed the morphology and counted under a microscope. Each group of cells was divided into two parts for chemotactic experiment, called chemokine agent treatment group and no chemokine agent treatment group respectively, indicating control 1, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 1,0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 1 and control 2, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 2,0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment 2. The dynamic migration of cells was recorded using the NIS-Elements software, and TAXIScan Analyzer 2 software was used to select 30 cells (n=30) in each group of cells and analyze cells migration trajectory, speed and distance, and use pair test and One-Way analysis of variance for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The number of neutrophils in control group, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group and 0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group were(1.00±0.03)×104/mL,(0.05±0.02)×104/mL,(0.32±0.01)×104/mL respectively, the differences of results were statistically significant(P<0.05).Under the effect of chemotactic agent,the directional migration capability of neutrophils in control group 1, 0.3 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group 1 and 0.6 mg/kg MK-801 treatment group 1 were(0.85±0.11) radian,(1.00±0.11) radian,(0.96±0.10) radian respectively (P<0.05); the migration velocities of neutrophils were (0.09±0.02) μm/s,(0.12±0.01) μm/s,(0.14±0.01) μm/s respectively (P<0.05);the migration distances of neutrophils were (94.26±0.02) μm,(134.61±0.01) μm,(156.19±0.01) μm respectively(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with neutrophils in peritoneal cavity of control group, the neutrophils in peritoneal cavity of schizophrenic rats have stronger chemotactic movement ability.


Assuntos
Animais , Camundongos , Ratos , Movimento Celular , Quimiocinas , Quimiotaxia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Maleato de Dizocilpina , Neutrófilos/fisiologia , Cavidade Peritoneal , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatologia
11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-691486

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the application of the optical magnetic bimodal molecular probe Gd-DO3A-ethylthiouret-fluorescein isothiocyanate (Gd -DO3A-EA-FITC) in brain tissue imaging and brain interstitial space (ISS).@*METHODS@#In the study, 24 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, including magnetic probe group (n=6), optical probe group (n=6) and optical magnetic bimodal probe group (n=12), then the optical magnetic bimodal probe group was divided equally into magnetic probe subgroup (n=6) and optical probe subgroup (n=6). Referencing the brain stereotaxic atlas, the coronal globus pallidus as center level, the probes including gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA), fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) and Gd-DO3A-EA-FITC of 2 μL (10 mmol/L) were injected into the caudate nucleus respectively, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in the magnetic probe group and magnetic probe subgroup to image the dynamic diffusion and distribution of the probes in the brain ISS, a self-developed brain ISS image processing system was used to measure the diffusion coefficient, clearance, volume fraction and half-time in these two groups. Laser scanning confocal microscope (LSCM) was performed in vitro in the optical probe group and optical probe subgroup for fluorescence imaging at the time points 2 hours after the injection of the probe, and the distribution in the oblique sagittal slice was compared with the result of the first two groups.@*RESULTS@#For the magnetic probe group and magnetic probe subgroup, there were the same imaging results between the probes of Gd-DTPA and Gd-DO3A-EA-FITC. The diffusion parameters of Gd-DTPA and Gd-DO3A-EA-FITC were as follows: the average diffusion coefficients [(3.31±0.11)×10-4 mm2/s vs. (3.37±0.15)×10-4 mm2/s, t=0.942, P=0.360], the clearance [(3.04±0.37) mmol/L vs. (2.90±0.51) mmol/L, t=0.640, P=0.531], the volume fractions (17.18%±0.14% vs. 17.31%±0.15%, t=1.961, P=0.068), the half-time [(86.58±3.31) min vs. (84.61±2.38) min, t=1.412, P=0.177], the diffusion areas [(23.25±0.68) mm2 vs. (22.71±1.00) mm2, t=1.100, P=0.297]. The statistical analysis of each brain was made by t test, and the diffusion parameters were not statistically significant. Moreover, for the optical probe group and optical probe subgroup, the diffusion area of Gd-DO3A-EA-FITC [(22.61±1.16) mm2] was slightly larger than that of FITC [(22.10±1.29) mm2], the statistical analysis of each brain was made by t test, and the diffusion parameters were not statistically significant (t=0.713, P=0.492).@*CONCLUSION@#Gd-DO3A-EA-FITC shows the same imaging results as the traditional GD-DTPA, and it can be used in measuring brain ISS.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Núcleo Caudado , Meios de Contraste , Difusão , Fluoresceína-5-Isotiocianato , Fluorescência , Gadolínio DTPA , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Microscopia Confocal , Sondas Moleculares , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-297460

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Jianpi Tongluo Jiedu Recipe (JTJR) on protein expression levels of COX-2, NF-kappaBp65, Bcl-2, and Bax, mRNA expression levels of COX-2 and Bcl-2, and the apoptotic index (Al) in gastric mucosa of patients with precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PL-GC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 65 PLGC patients were recruited and treated by JTJR (modified by syndrome typing), one dose per day for six successive months. Protein expression levels of COX-2, NF-KBp65, Bcl-2, and Bax were detected in 65 patients using immunohistochemical (IHC) assay before and after treatment. mRNA expression levels of COX-2 and Bcl-2 were detected in 54 patients using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Meanwhile, changes of Al was detected in 65 patients using TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) fluorescence method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment with JTJR, positive protein expression levels of COX-2, NF-KBp65, and Bcl-2 were obviously decreased in the gastric mucosa of PLGC patients (P <0.01), but Bax positive protein expression was found to be higher (P < 0.05). At the same time mRNA expression levels of COX-2 and Bcl-2 were significantly lower after treatment than before treatment (P < 0.05, P < 0.01); Al also increased after treatment (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>JTJR could promote apoptosis possibly via NF-kappaBp65/COX-2, COX-2/Bcl-2, and NF-kappaBp65/Bcl-2 signaling pathways, thereby affecting PLGC patients.</p>


Assuntos
Humanos , Apoptose , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Farmacologia , Usos Terapêuticos , Mucosa Gástrica , Metabolismo , NF-kappa B , Metabolismo , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Tratamento Farmacológico , Metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias Gástricas , Tratamento Farmacológico , Metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Metabolismo
13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-694467

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the curative effect and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiotherapy and sequential chemoradiotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer patients.Methods 64 patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer in our hospital between May 2010 and Mar 2013 were randomly assigned into concurrent group and sequential group for this test.Concurrent group patients (32 cases) were given Cisplatin and Gemcitabine on the 1,4,7 week during radiotherapy.Sequential group patients accepted 3 cycles chemotherapy before radiotherapy.Results The response rate was 68.8% in concurrent group,and 43.8% in sequential group.Difference was significant between the response rates of the two groups (P < 0.05).There was significant difference in haematological toxicity,which was 100% in concurrent group and 65.6% in sequential group (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference in rates of radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis in the two groups (P > 0.05) Conclusions Concurrent chemoradiotherapy has better curative effect than sequential chemoradiotherapy.Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is a safe and effective treatment for patients with unresectable stage Ⅲ non-small cell lung cancer.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 33(2): 168-71, 2013 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23646468

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of rhubarb powder on serum complement 3 (C3), complement 4 (C4), and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) after operation. METHODS: Forty inpatients with HICH after operation were recruited from Department of Cerebral Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Shaanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine from July 2009 to March 2010. They were randomly assigned to the treatment group (20 cases) and the control group (20 cases). From the 4th day after surgery, all patients received routine Western medical treatment. The rhubarb powder, 5-10 g dissolving in 40 mL warm water, was administered or nasally fed to those in the treatment group, 2 -3 times daily for 10 successive days. The contents of serum C3, C4, and hs-CRP were detected in the two groups on the 7th day and the 14th day after operation. The serum hs-CRP content was detected using latex particle enhanced immunoturbidimetric assay. The Scandinavia Stroke Scale (SSS) scores were recorded in the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the same group on the 4th day after operation, the levels of serum C3 and C4 increased on the 7th day after operation, and SSS score increased on the 14th day after operation in the control group (P < 0.05). The contents of C4 and hs-CRP decreased, and the SSS score increased on the 14th day after operation in the treatment group (P < 0.05). Compared with the same group on the 7th day after operation, the contents of C4 and hs-CRP decreased and the SSS score increased on the 14th day after operation in the treatment group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group at the same time points, the contents of C4 and C3 decreased on the 7th day after operation; the contents of C3, C4, and hs-CRP decreased, and SSS score increased in the treatment group on the 14th day after operation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The rhubarb powder could significantly decrease the serum levels of C3, C4, and hs-CRP, and improve the curative effect in patients with HICH after operation.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/sangue , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Rheum/química , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Complemento C3/metabolismo , Complemento C4/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 503-506, 2013.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-318366

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a database and to understand the molecular epidemiological features of non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates from different animal reservoirs and patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed according to the PulseNet protocol with minor modifications. A dendrogram was constructed using the BioNumerics.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Under the PulseNet protocol, 62 PFGE patterns were obtained from 76 non-O157 STEC isolates and then divided into A to M groups. Isolates from different sources were widely distributed in different groups, but were predominant seen in certain groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The non-O157 STEC isolates in China were highly polymorphic. PulseNet protocol seemed to be suitable for the typing of Chinese non-O157 STEC isolates.</p>


Assuntos
Animais , Humanos , China , Epidemiologia , DNA Bacteriano , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Infecções por Escherichia coli , Epidemiologia , Microbiologia , Escherichia coli O157 , Genética , Fezes , Microbiologia , Genótipo , Escherichia coli Shiga Toxigênica
16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-840815

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the effects of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) polymerization on the LPS-induced febrile reaction in rabbits and study its relationship with cAMP content, so as to investigate whether HSF1 plays a role in the fever limiting function and the possible mechanisms. Methods: Seventy rabbits were randomly divided into 4 groups: (1) Normal control group(N), injection of ethanol in the lateral venericle; (2) Quercetin group(Q), injection of quercetin and ethanol solution (2.5 μmol/L); (3)Lipopolysaccharide group(L), LPS(0.5 μg/kg) was injected 10 min after injection of ethanol; (4) Quercetin plus LPS group(Q+L), LPS was injceted 10 min after injection of quercetin plus ethanol(2.5 μmol/L). The polymerization of HSF1 was induced by reproducing LPS-induced febrile reaction model in rabbits to assess the influence of polymerized HSF1 on LPS-induced febrile reaction. The content of cAMP in the hypothalamus was measured by radioimmunoassay. The expression of HSF1 and HSP70 protein in the hypothalamus was detected by Western blotting. Results: The difference between basal temperature and temperatures of defined time points ΔT (240-360 min) of Q+L group was significantly higher than that of L group (P<0. 05); TRI, was 8. 32±0. 63 in Q+L group, significantly higher than that of L group (P<0. 05); and the contents of cAMP of Q + L group at all time points were significantly higher than those of the L group (P< 0. 01). Polymeric HSF1 content started to increase at 60 min after LPS injection and obviously increased when the body temperature reached the peak (180 min, being 1. 77 folds that of the control level); then with the increase of HSF1 trimerization, the body temperature began to decrease. When pretreatment with quercetin was performed to inhibit polymerization of HSF, the levels of HSF1 trimerization at 60 min,180 min,240 min,and 360 min in Q+L group were significantly lower than those in the corresponding L group (all P<0. 05); meanwhile, the expression of HSP70 was decreased, the content of cAMP was increased, the febrile reaction was intensified and the time course of the febrile reaction was extended. Conclusion: Polymeric HSF1 can inhibit the LPS-induced febrile reaction, which is probably related to the down-regulation of AMP content in the hypothalamus.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1230-1232, 2009.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-641510

RESUMO

·AIM: To determine the effect of amniotic membrane transplantation(AMT) on the disorders of ocular surface. ·METHODS: From May 2002 to July 2007, twenty patients (20 eyes), who had an previous experienced methods of sorts, including contact lens or tarsorrhaphy, underwent AMT. ·RESULTS: The disorders were healed after the first AMT in 10 eyes (50%) within an average of 20 days after surgery and recurred in 1 eye (10%).·CONCLUSION: AMT is helpful in the treatment of the disorders of ocular surface.

18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-531754

RESUMO

Relations between doctors and patients are the most basic and important human relations in medical practice.Some reports indicate that non-technical medical factors result in most cases of physician-patient conflicts.In this paper we analyzed non-technical medical factors from the fields of society,ethics and mentality,and concluded main reasons for physician-patient conflicts are the lack of "being discreet when alone",the absence of "patients-oriented service concept",the ignorance of responsibility of "life-saving",and the missing of humanity care.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-525459

RESUMO

Donation of relique is important to not only medicine development,but the social civilization also.But the development of it is late and laggard in China.According to investigation and analysis in some regions,we find several factors restricting the donation of relique such as the obstacle of morals,the lag of legislation,lack of the humanistic care.These are the keys for us to change the behindhand situation of relique donation in China.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-562886

RESUMO

Aim To observe the effect of the polymerization of HSF1 on the febrile response in fever rabbits,and further to investigate HSF1 action in thermoregulation and the possible central mechanism.Methods 70 rabbits were divided randomly into 4 groups:the control group(N),the quercetin group(Q),the LPS-feverish group(L),the quercetin+LPS-feverish group(Q+L).Changes in body temperature were continually observed;the expression of HSF1 and HSP70 in hypothalamus was detected by Western blot;the content of AVP in hypothalamus and VSA was measured by radioimmunoassay.Results ① The sequence of the maximum change of temperature(△Tmax)from low to high:group Q

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