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1.
Nurs Health Sci ; 26(1): e13109, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38467127

RESUMO

Postmenopausal women with negative personality characteristics are at an increased risk of psychological disorders, yet little is known about the mechanism underlying the relationship between type D personality and psychological distress in postmenopausal women with coronary disease. This study assessed the mediating roles of perceived social support and self-perceived burden in the relationship between type D and psychological distress based on the equity theory and stress-buffering model. Demographic characteristics, type D, psychological distress, perceived social support, and self-perceived burden were completed by 335 participants with self-reported questionnaires using a cross-sectional design in Southeast China. The results revealed that perceived social support and self-perceived burden both separately and serially mediated the relationship between type D personality and psychological distress. Effective intervention strategies aimed at improving perceived social support or reducing self-perceived burden may be beneficial in reducing psychological distress.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Análise de Mediação , Pós-Menopausa , Personalidade , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Apoio Social
2.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 40(3): e3789, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501707

RESUMO

AIMS: Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD), one of the major complications of diabetes, is also a major cause of end-stage renal disease. Metabolomics can provide a unique metabolic profile of the disease and thus predict or diagnose the development of the disease. Therefore, this study summarises a more comprehensive set of clinical biomarkers related to DKD to identify functional metabolites significantly associated with the development of DKD and reveal their driving mechanisms for DKD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases through October 2022. A meta-analysis was conducted on untargeted or targeted metabolomics research data based on the strategy of standardized mean differences and the process of ratio of means as the effect size, respectively. We compared the changes in metabolite levels between the DKD patients and the controls and explored the source of heterogeneity through subgroup analyses, sensitivity analysis and meta-regression analysis. RESULTS: The 34 clinical-based metabolomics studies clarified the differential metabolites between DKD and controls, containing 4503 control subjects and 1875 patients with DKD. The results showed that a total of 60 common differential metabolites were found in both meta-analyses, of which 5 metabolites (p < 0.05) were identified as essential metabolites. Compared with the control group, metabolites glycine, aconitic acid, glycolic acid and uracil decreased significantly in DKD patients; cysteine was significantly higher. This indicates that amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism and pyrimidine metabolism in DKD patients are disordered. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified 5 metabolites and metabolic pathways related to DKD which can serve as biomarkers or targets for disease prevention and drug therapy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Falência Renal Crônica , Humanos , Nefropatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Nefropatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Metabolômica/métodos , Metaboloma , Biomarcadores/metabolismo
3.
MedComm (2020) ; 5(3): e502, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38420162

RESUMO

Disruption of disulfide homeostasis during biological processes can have fatal consequences. Excess disulfides induce cell death in a novel manner, termed as "disulfidptosis." However, the specific mechanism of disulfidptosis has not yet been elucidated. To determine the cancer types sensitive to disulfidptosis and outline the corresponding treatment strategies, we firstly investigated the crucial functions of disulfidptosis regulators pan-cancer at multi-omics levels. We found that different tumor types expressed dysregulated levels of disulfidptosis regulators, most of which had an impact on tumor prognosis. Moreover, we calculated the disulfidptosis activity score in tumors and validated it using multiple independent datasets. Additionally, we found that disulfidptosis activity was correlated with classic biological processes and pathways in various cancers. Disulfidptosis activity was also associated with tumor immune characteristics and could predict immunotherapy outcomes. Notably, the disulfidptosis regulator, glycogen synthase 1 (GYS1), was identified as a promising target for triple-negative breast cancer and validated via in vitro and in vivo experiments. In conclusion, our study elucidated the complex molecular phenotypes and clinicopathological correlations of disulfidptosis regulators in tumors, laying a solid foundation for the development of disulfidptosis-targeting strategies for cancer treatment.

4.
FASEB J ; 38(1): e23312, 2024 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38161282

RESUMO

ProBDNF is the precursor protein of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expressed in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. Previous studies showed that the blood levels of both proBDNF and p75 neurotrophic receptors (p75NTR) in major depressive disorder (MDD) were increased, but which blood cell types express proBDNF and its receptors is not known. Furthermore, the relationship between proBDNF/p75NTR and inflammatory cytokines in peripheral blood of MDD is unclear. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and serum were obtained from depressive patients (n = 32) and normal donors (n = 20). We examined the expression of proBDNF and inflammatory markers and their correlative relationship in patients with major depression. Using flow cytometry analysis, we examined which blood cells express proBDNF and its receptors. Finally, the role of proBDNF/p75NTR signal in inflammatory immune activity of PBMCs was verified in vitro experiments. Inflammatory cytokines in PBMC from MDD patients were increased and correlated with the major depression scores. The levels of IL-1ß and IL-10 were also positively correlated with the major depression scores, while the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 were negatively correlated with the major depression scores. Intriguingly, the levels of sortilin were positively correlated with IL-1ß. Q-PCR and Western blots showed proBDNF, p75NTR, and sortilin levels were significantly increased in PBMCs from MDD patients compared with that from the normal donors. Flow cytometry studies showed that proBDNF and p75NTR were present mainly in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. The number of proBDNF and p75NTR positive CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from MDD patients was increased and subsequently reversed after therapeutic management. Exogenous proBDNF protein or p75ECD-Fc treatment of cultured PBMC affected the release of inflammatory cytokines in vitro. ProBDNF promoted the expression of inflammatory cytokines, while p75ECD-Fc inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Given there was an inflammatory response of lymphocytes to proBDNF, it is suggested that proBDNF/p75NTR signaling may upstream inflammatory cytokines in MDD. Our data suggest that proBDNF/p75NTR signaling may not only serve as biomarkers but also may be a potential therapeutic target for MDD.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Receptores de Fator de Crescimento Neural/genética , Receptores de Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Depressão , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo
5.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(2)2024 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38257491

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation, one of the most common persistent cardiac arrhythmias globally, is known for its rapid and irregular atrial rhythms. This study integrates the temporal convolutional network (TCN) and residual network (ResNet) frameworks to effectively classify atrial fibrillation in single-lead ECGs, thereby enhancing the application of neural networks in this field. Our model demonstrated significant success in detecting atrial fibrillation, with experimental results showing an accuracy rate of 97% and an F1 score of 87%. These figures indicate the model's exceptional performance in identifying both majority and minority classes, reflecting its balanced and accurate classification capability. This research offers new perspectives and tools for diagnosis and treatment in cardiology, grounded in advanced neural network technology.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Humanos , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Tecnologia
6.
Exp Cell Res ; 434(2): 113889, 2024 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38113969

RESUMO

The potential protective effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (BFGF) on the cardiovascular system has been proposed previously, however, its effect on calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD) and underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. The valvular interstitial cell (VIC) were isolated from porcine aortic valve leaflets. To investigate the effect of BFGF on osteogenic differentiation of VIC, the osteogenic induced medium (OIM) and BFGF were added. The protein expression level was detected by Western blot, and apoptosis was determined by flow cytometry. The effect of BFGF on CAVD process in vivo was assessed by a rat CAVD model, which was identified by echocardiography and Alizarin red staining. The expression level of BFGF in the aortic valve and serum were significantly upregulated in CAVD patients compared to control group. In addition, exogenous BFGF injection attenuates CAVD process in vivo. The protein markers of osteogenic differentiation, endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), and apoptosis were significantly upregulated by culture with OIM. On the contrary, the aforementioned proteins were suppressed after adding 100 ng/mL of BFGF. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2 pathways by specific inhibitors abolished the protective effect of BFGF. In conclusion, BFGF could alleviate the VIC calcification by inhibiting ERS-mediated apoptosis, which is partly regulated by activation of the PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. BFGF may provide a potential avenue for CAVD therapy.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Suínos , Valva Aórtica/metabolismo , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/farmacologia , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Apoptose
7.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 16(12): 1971-1976, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38111939

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the clinical significance of checking episcleral venous fluid wave (EVFW) during gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT) in patients with open angle glaucoma (OAG). METHODS: This retrospective case series study comprised 30 patients (45 eyes) with OAG underwent GATT. The location and extent of EVFW were examined and graded after intraoperative compression flushing of the anterior chamber angle during the operation. Patients were followed up for 1y. A complete success for surgery is defined as a postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) <18 mm Hg without any anti-glaucoma medication. IOP<18 mm Hg with less than two anti-glaucoma medications is defined as qualified success, while the control of IOP requiring three anti-glaucoma medications is considered as unsuccess. RESULTS: The mean IOP was 35.38±7.16 mm Hg before surgery and 15.52±4.22 mm Hg 1y after surgery (P<0.01). The average number of anti-glaucoma medication was 2.8±1.2 (2-4) preoperation and 0.6±1.3 (0-3) 1y postoperation (P<0.01). The success rate of the operation was 93.33%. Complete success rate was 66.67%, qualified success rate was 26.67%, and 6.66% of unsuccessful cases required reoperation. EVFW of all cases was grade 2-4, and the percentages of grade 2, 3 and 4 were 33.33%, 40.0% and 26.67%, respectively. The distribution and percentage of EVFW were inferior (36%), nasal (28%), superior (20%), and temporal (16%). The EVFW grade of complete success patients was 3.4±0.6 (3-4), and that of qualified success patients was 2.6±1.0 (2-4). The larger the range of EVFW, the lower the IOP, and the better the IOP reduction effect. CONCLUSION: During GATT surgery, pressurized irrigation of anterior chamber to check EVFW can reduce the outflow resistance of aqueous humor and increase the effect of postoperative IOP. The range of EVFW is negatively correlated with postoperative IOP. Therefore, EVFW may be a valuable prognostic indicator for the success of GATT surgery.

8.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 23073, 2023 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38155225

RESUMO

To compare the clinical efficacy of ultrasound cycloplasty (UCP) and endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) in the treatment of secondary glaucoma. In a 12-month prospective single-center study, 22 patients with secondary glaucoma were treated by high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), and 23 patients with secondary glaucoma were treated by a semiconductor laser. At the final follow-up, the two groups' surgical outcomes were compared. A complete success was defined as an intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction of at least 20% from baseline and an IOP of > 5 mmHg and ≦ 21 mmHg, while a qualified success was defined as an IOP reduction of at least 20% from baseline and an IOP of > 5 mmHg. The secondary outcome was the average IOP, number of drugs, and complications at each follow-up compared with the baseline. The average preoperative IOPs in the UCP and ECP groups were 36.4 ± 9.5 mmHg (n = 2.3 drops, n = 0.2 tablets) and 34.5 ± 11.7 mmHg (n = 2.0 drops, n = 0.3 tablets), respectively. In the last follow-up, the success rate of UCP was 54% (with a decrease of 32%) and that of ECP was 65% (with a decrease of 35%), and the P-value between the two groups was > 0.05. However, there was a difference in the average IOP between these two groups 1 day and 1 week after the operation, and the IOP reduction efficiency in the ECP group was better. However, the amount of drug used after these two surgeries was significantly reduced. There were fewer postoperative complications in the UCP group (18 cases) than in the ECP group (35 cases). Both UCP and ECP can effectively reduce IOP in secondary glaucoma, and ECP has a better effect at the early stages. However, UCP has higher safety and tolerance for patients.


Assuntos
Glaucoma , Pressão Intraocular , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Tonometria Ocular , Fotocoagulação a Laser/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Glaucoma/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Ophthalmology ; 2023 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38160880

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) may elevate susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) because of shared risk factors, pathogenic mechanisms, and genetic polymorphisms. Given the inconclusive findings in prior studies, we investigated this association using extensive datasets in the Asian Eye Epidemiology Consortium. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-one thousand two hundred fifty-three participants from 10 distinct population-based Asian studies. METHODS: Age-related macular degeneration was defined using the Wisconsin Age-Related Maculopathy Grading System, the International Age-Related Maculopathy Epidemiological Study Group Classification, or the Beckman Clinical Classification. Chronic kidney disease was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 60 ml/min per 1.73 m2. A pooled analysis using individual-level participant data was performed to examine the associations between CKD and eGFR with AMD (early and late), adjusting for age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, smoking status, total cholesterol, and study groups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Odds ratio (OR) of early and late AMD. RESULTS: Among 51 253 participants (mean age, 54.1 ± 14.5 years), 5079 had CKD (9.9%). The prevalence of early AMD was 9.0%, and that of late AMD was 0.71%. After adjusting for confounders, individuals with CKD were associated with higher odds of late AMD (OR, 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.11-1.93; P = 0.008). Similarly, poorer kidney function (per 10-unit eGFR decrease) was associated with late AMD (OR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.05-1.19; P = 0.001). Nevertheless, CKD and eGFR were not associated significantly with early AMD (all P ≥ 0.149). CONCLUSIONS: Pooled analysis from 10 distinct Asian population-based studies revealed that CKD and compromised kidney function are associated significantly with late AMD. This finding further underscores the importance of ocular examinations in patients with CKD. FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE(S): Proprietary or commercial disclosure may be found in the Footnotes and Disclosures at the end of this article.

10.
Clin Genet ; 104(6): 613-624, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37706265

RESUMO

Cancer, one of the leading causes of death, usually commences and progresses as a result of a series of gene mutations and dysregulation of expression. With the development of clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/Cas9 gene-editing technology, it is possible to edit and then decode the functions of cancer-related gene mutations, markedly advance the research of biological mechanisms and treatment of cancer. This review summarizes the mechanism and development of CRISPR/Cas9 gene-editing technology in recent years and describes its potential application in cancer-related research, such as the establishment of human tumor disease models, gene therapy and immunotherapy. The challenges and future development directions are highlighted to provide a reference for exploring pathological mechanisms and potential treatment protocols of cancer.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Edição de Genes , Terapia Genética , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/genética
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 14: 1229900, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745707

RESUMO

Introduction: Observational studies have reported an association between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and COVID-19, but a definitive causal relationship has not been established. This study aimed to assess this association using two-way two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR). Methods: A summary of PCOS characteristics was compiled using the PCOS summary statistics from the Apollo University of Cambridge Repository. COVID-19 susceptibility and severity statistics, including hospitalization and extremely severe disease, were obtained from genome-wide association studies from the COVID-19 Host Genetics Initiative. The primary analysis used the inverse variance-weighted method, supplemented by the weighted median, MR-Egger, and MR-PRESSO methods. Results: The forward MR analysis showed no significant impact of PCOS on COVID-19 susceptibility, hospitalization, or severity (OR = 0.983, 1.011, 1.014; 95% CI = 0.958-1.008, 0.958-1.068, 0.934-1.101; and p = 0.173, 0.68, 0.733; respectively). Similarly, reverse MR analysis found no evidence supporting COVID-19 phenotypes as risk or protective factors for PCOS (OR = 1.041, 0.995, 0.944; 95% CI = 0.657-1.649, 0.85-1.164, 0.843-1.058; and p = 0.864, 0.945, 0.323; respectively). Consequently, no significant association between any COVID-19 phenotype and PCOS was established. Conclusion: This MR study suggested that PCOS is not a causal risk factor for the susceptibility and severity of COVID-19. The associations identified in previous observational studies might be attributable to the presence of comorbidities in the patients.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/genética , Causalidade
12.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 2023 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37639559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) is a critical component of rehabilitation for most young and middle-aged patients after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Its success is related to the quality of life and social psychological function of patients, and their social economic growth. However, healthcare professionals often do not deeply understand the patients' experience and their difficulties and coping methods during this process, which limits their ability to institute effective management and support. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to explore the lived experiences and change processes of young and middle-aged patients with AMI at the different stages of RTW. METHODS: A descriptive qualitative approach was used. Patients aged 20 to 59 years with AMI were recruited from the Department of Cardiology of 3 general hospitals. Data were collected via semistructured interviews. Data analysis was performed by conventional content analysis methods. RESULTS: In total, 18 participants were included. Five main themes emerged: (1) "chaos," (2) "rebuilding," (3) "conflict," (4) "coping," and (5) "benefits." Patients may be more concerned about physical recovery during the initial clinical event. They then begin to plan and adjust for an RTW. Patients in the maintenance phase need strategies to prevent, identify, and respond to conflicts and challenges to maintain long-term stable work. CONCLUSION: We identified several post-AMI stages spanning from the initial illness event to the maintenance of stable work. We described their perceived barriers, coping strategies, and support needs at these various stages. These data are crucial for healthcare professionals to develop improved vocational rehabilitation strategies for patients with AMI.

13.
J Dig Dis ; 2023 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37584643

RESUMO

Surgical resection is regarded as the main modality for the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). With the advancement of endoscopic techniques and the introduction of super minimally invasive surgery (SMIS), endoscopic resection has been an alternative option to surgery. Recently, various endoscopic resection techniques have been used for the treatment of GISTs, including endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), endoscopic submucosal excavation (ESE), endoscopic full-thickness resection (EFR), submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER), and laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (LECS). Studies on the safety and efficacy of the endoscopic treatment of GISTs have emerged in recent years. Endoscopic resection techniques have demonstrated to be effective and safe for the treatment of GISTs. However, there is currently no consensus on the optimal follow-up strategy and the appropriate cut-off value of tumor size for endoscopic resection. In this review we discussed the indications, preoperative preparation, procedures, efficacy, safety, postoperative evaluation, follow-up, and perspectives of endoscopic resection modalities for GISTs.

14.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(23): 3658-3667, 2023 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37398883

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The expression status of serum and glucocorticoid-induced protein kinase 3 (SGK3) in superficial esophageal squamous cell neoplasia (ESCN) remains unknown. AIM: To evaluate the SGK3 overexpression rate in ESCN and its influence on the prognosis and outcomes of patients with endoscopic resection. METHODS: A total of 92 patients who had undergone endoscopic resection for ESCN with more than 8 years of follow-up were enrolled. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate SGK3 expression. RESULTS: SGK3 was overexpressed in 55 (59.8%) patients with ESCN. SGK3 overexpression showed a significant correlation with death (P = 0.031). Overall survival and disease-free survival rates were higher in the normal SGK3 expression group than in the SGK3 overexpression group (P = 0.013 and P = 0.004, respectively). Cox regression analysis models demonstrated that SGK3 overexpression was an independent predictor of poor prognosis in ESCN patients (hazard ratio 4.729; 95% confidence interval: 1.042-21.458). CONCLUSION: SGK3 overexpression was detected in the majority of patients with endoscopically resected ESCN and was significantly associated with shortened survival. Thus, it might be a new prognostic factor for ESCN.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Células Epiteliais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases
15.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1099175, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37497032

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence among underground coal miners of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), analyze the risk factors affecting MSDs, and develop and validate a risk prediction model for the development of MSDs. Materials and methods: MSD questionnaires were used to investigate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders among 860 underground coal miners in Xinjiang. The Chinese versions of the Effort-Reward Imbalance Questionnaire (ERI), the Burnout Scale (MBI), and the Self-Rating Depression Inventory (SDS) were used to investigate the occupational mental health status of underground coal miners. The R4.1.3 software cart installation package was applied to randomly divide the study subjects into a 1:1 training set and validation set, screen independent predictors using single- and multi-factor regression analysis, and draw personalized nomogram graph prediction models based on regression coefficients. Subject work characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration (Calibrate) curves, and decision curves (DCA) were used to analyze the predictive value of each variable on MSDs and the net benefit. Results: (1) The prevalence of MSDs was 55.3%, 51.2%, and 41.9% since joining the workforce, in the past year, and in the past week, respectively; the highest prevalence was in the lower back (45.8% vs. 38.8% vs. 33.7%) and the lowest prevalence was in the hips and buttocks (13.3% vs. 11.4% vs. 9.1%) under different periods. (2) Underground coal miners: the mean total scores of occupational stress, burnout, and depression were 1.55 ± 0.64, 51.52 ± 11.53, and 13.83 ± 14.27, respectively. (3) Univariate regression revealed a higher prevalence of MSDs in those older than 45 years (49.5%), length of service > 15 years (56.4%), annual income <$60,000 (79.1%), and moderate burnout (43.2%). (4) Binary logistic regression showed that the prevalence of MSDs was higher for those with 5-20 years of service (OR = 0.295, 95% CI: 0.169-0.513), >20 years of service (OR = 0.845, 95% CI: 0.529-1.350), annual income ≥$60,000 (OR = 1.742, 95% CI: 1.100-2.759), and severe burnout (OR = 0.284, 95% CI: 0.109-0.739), and that these were independent predictors of the occurrence of MSDs among workers in underground coal mine operations (p < 0.05). (5) The areas under the ROC curve for the training and validation sets were 0.665 (95% CI: 0.615-0.716) and 0.630 (95% CI: 0.578-0.682), respectively, indicating that the model has good predictive ability; the calibration plots showed good agreement between the predicted and actual prevalence of the model; and the DCA curves suggested that the predictive value of this nomogram model for MSDs was good. Conclusion: The prevalence of MSDs among workers working underground in coal mines was high, and the constructed nomogram showed good discriminatory ability and optimal accuracy.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carvão Mineral
16.
J Nat Med ; 77(4): 677-687, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37488321

RESUMO

Type I and III interferons (IFNs) both serve as pivotal components of the host antiviral innate immune system. Although they exert similar antiviral effects, type I IFNs can also activate neutrophil inflammation, a function not born by type III IFNs. Baicalin, the main bioactive component of Scutellariae radix, has been shown to exert therapeutic effects on viral diseases due to its anti-viral, anti-inflammatory and immunomulatory activities. There is uncertainty, however, on the association between the antiviral effects of baicalin and the modulation of anti-viral IFNs production and the immunological effects of type I IFNs. Here, a Poly (I:C)-stimulated A549 cell line was established to mimic a viral infection model. Our results demonstrated that baicalin could elevate the expression of type I and III IFNs and their receptors in Poly (I:C)-stimulated A549 cells. Moreover, the potential regulation effects of baicalin for type I IFN-induced neutrophil inflammation was further explored. Results showed that baicalin diminished the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-17 and TNF-α), ROS, and neutrophil extracellular traps and suppressed chemotaxis. Collectively, all these data indicated that baicalin had a dual role on IFNs production and effects: (1) Baicalin was able to elevate the expression of type I and III IFNs and their receptors, (2) and it alleviated type I IFN-mediated neutrophil inflammatory response. This meant that baicalin has the potential to act as an eximious immunomodulator, exerting antiviral effects and reducing inflammation.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Interferon Tipo I , Humanos , Antivirais/farmacologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(30): 36611-36619, 2023 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37471046

RESUMO

Large-area and conformal piezoelectric elements are highly desired for acoustic transducers to possess a large power source level and wide detecting range. To date, single-crystal piezocomposites attract much attention on enhancing the power source level and bandwidth for next-generation acoustic transducers, owing to their higher piezoelectric and electromechanical coupling properties compared to traditional piezocomposites. Unfortunately, it is still challenging to achieve large-area and conformal single-crystal piezocomposites because of the fragile nature, large anisotropy, and the limited grown size of piezoelectric single crystals. Here, we successfully fabricate the conformally large-area single-crystal piezocomposite with an area of 160 × 50 mm2 and a bending angle of 162° by a modified 3D-printing-assisted inserting method. The single-crystal piezocomposite exhibits a high thickness electromechanical coupling factor kt of 85% and a large piezoelectric coefficient d33 of 1150 pC/N, surpassing those of the reported large-area piezocomposites. The influence of the volume fraction and curvature radius of single-crystal PCs and acoustic transducers was investigated. Furthermore, we designed an acoustic transducer based on the conformal single-crystal piezocomposite. Benefiting from the excellent piezoelectric and electromechanical properties of the single-crystal piezocomposite, the transducer indicates a high maximum transmitting voltage response of 171.8 dB. Especially, its bandwidth (-3 dB) achieves 60 kHz with a resonant frequency of 292 kHz, which is about 1.8 times superior to the conformal acoustic transducer based on the ceramic piezocomposite with a similar resonant frequency. This work may benefit the future design and fabrication of high-performance and complex-shape piezoelectric composites as key materials for next-generation transducers.

18.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 244: 125409, 2023 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37327936

RESUMO

Dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) is a key regulator in the maintenance of mammalian glucose homeostasis, but the relevant information remains poorly understood on aquatic animals. In the study, DRP1 is formally described for the first time in Oreochromis niloticus. DRP1 encodes a peptide of 673 amino acid residues that contained three conserved domains: a GTPase domain, a dynamin middle domain and a dynamin GTPase effector domain. DRP1 transcripts are widely distributed in all of the detected seven organs/tissues, and the highest mRNA levels in brain. High-carbohydrate (45 %) fed fish showed a significant upregulation of liver DRP1 expression than that of control (30 %) group. Glucose administration upregulated liver DRP1 expression, with peak values observed at 1 h; then its expression returned to the basal value at 12 h. In the in vitro study, DRP1 over-expression significantly decreased mitochondrial abundance in hepatocytes. DHA significantly increased mitochondrial abundance, transcriptions of mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) and mitofusin 1 and 2 (MFN1 and MFN2) and complex II and III activities of high glucose-treated hepatocyte, whereas the opposite was true for DRP1, mitochondrial fission factor (MFF) and fission (FIS) expression. Together, these findings illustrated that O. niloticus DRP1 is highly conserved, and it participated in glucose control of fish. DHA could alleviate high glucose-induced mitochondrial dysfunction of fish by inhibiting DRP1-mediated mitochondrial fission.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Animais , Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Dinaminas/genética , Dinaminas/química , Dinaminas/metabolismo , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/química , GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Mamíferos/metabolismo
19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(22): 3482-3496, 2023 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37389236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the poor prognosis of gastric cancer (GC), early detection methods are urgently needed. Plasma exosomal circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been suggested as novel biomarkers for GC. AIM: To identify a novel biomarker for early detection of GC. METHODS: Healthy donors (HDs) and GC patients diagnosed by pathology were recruited. Nine GC patients and three HDs were selected for exosomal whole-transcriptome RNA sequencing. The expression profiles of circRNAs were analyzed by bioinformatics methods and validated by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction. The expression levels and area under receiver operating characteristic curve values of plasma exosomal circRNAs and standard serum biomarkers were used to compare their diagnostic efficiency. RESULTS: There were 303 participants, including 240 GC patients and 63 HDs, involved in the study. The expression levels of exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 were significantly higher in GC patients than in HDs (P < 0.0001). However, the levels of standard serum biomarkers were similar between the two groups. The area under the curve value of exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 was higher than those of standard biomarkers, including carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen (CA)19-9, CA72-4, alpha-fetoprotein, and CA125 (0.8595 vs 0.5862, 0.5660, 0.5360, 0.5082, and 0.5018, respectively). The expression levels of exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 were significantly decreased after treatment (P < 0.05). Moreover, the expression levels of exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 were obviously higher in early GC (EGC) patients than in HDs (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 is upregulated in GC patients. Moreover, the levels of exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 could distinguish EGC and advanced GC patients from HDs. Therefore, plasma exosomal hsa_circ_0079439 might be a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of GC during both the early and late stages.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , RNA Circular , Antígeno CA-19-9 , Biologia Computacional
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 29(22): 3497-3507, 2023 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37389239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is emerging as a prefer treatment option for pediatric achalasia. However, data are limited on the long-term efficacy of POEM in children and adolescents with achalasia. AIM: To evaluate the safety and long-term efficacy of POEM for pediatric patients with achalasia and compare those outcomes with adult patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in patients with achalasia who underwent POEM. Patients aged under 18 years were included in the pediatric group; patients aged between 18 to 65 years who underwent POEM in the same period were assigned to the control group. For investigation of long-term follow-up, the pediatric group were matched with patients from the control group in a 1:1 ratio. The procedure-related parameters, adverse events, clinical success, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) after POEM, and quality of life (QoL) were evaluated. RESULTS: From January 2012 to March 2020, POEM was performed in 1025 patients aged under 65 years old (48 in the pediatric group, 1025 in the control group). No significant differences were observed in the occurrence of POEM complications between the two groups (14.6% vs 14.6%; P = 0.99). Among the 34 pediatric patients (70.8%) who underwent follow-up for 5.7 years (range 2.6-10.6 years), clinical success was achieved in 35 patients (35/36; 97.2%). No differences were observed in post-POEM GERD occurrence (17.6% vs 35.3%; P = 0.10). QoL was significantly improved in both groups after POEM. CONCLUSION: POEM is safe and effective for pediatric patients with achalasia. It can achieve significant symptoms relief and improve QoL.


Assuntos
Acalasia Esofágica , Refluxo Gastroesofágico , Miotomia , Adolescente , Adulto , Humanos , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Acalasia Esofágica/diagnóstico , Acalasia Esofágica/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos
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