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1.
Healthcare (Basel) ; 11(24)2023 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38132048

RESUMO

Background: Suicide rates in the United States have escalated dramatically over the past 20 years and remain a leading cause of death. Access to evidenced-based care is limited, and telehealth is well-positioned to offer novel care solutions. The Crisis Care program is a suicide-specific treatment program delivered within a national outpatient telehealth setting using a digitally adapted version of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) as the framework of care. This study investigates the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of Crisis Care as scalable suicide-specific treatment model. Methods: Patient engagement, symptom reduction, and care outcomes were examined among a cohort of patients (n = 130) over 16 weeks. The feasibility of implementation was assessed through patient engagement. Clinical outcomes were measured with PHQ-9, GAD-7, and the CAMS SSF-4 rating scales. Results: Over 85% of enrolled patients were approved for Crisis Care at intake, and 83% went on to complete at least four sessions (the minimum required to graduate). All patient subgroups experienced declines in depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, suicidal ideation frequency, and suicide-specific risk factors. Conclusions: Results support the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of Crisis Care as a suicide-specific care solution that can be delivered within a stepped-care model in an outpatient telehealth setting.

2.
School Ment Health ; 15(2): 583-599, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37622166

RESUMO

Racial/ethnic minoritized (REM) youth represent a high-risk group for suicide, yet there are striking disparities in their use of mental health services (MHS) even after risk is identified in schools. Prior research suggests that school-based risk assessments and hospitalization encounters can be negatively experienced by REM youth and families, thus deterring likelihood of seeking follow-up care. The Safe Alternatives for Teens and Youth-Acute (SAFETY-A) is a brief, strengths-based, cognitive-behavioral family intervention demonstrated to increase linkage to MHS when implemented in emergency departments. With its focus on strengths and family engagement, SAFETY-A may cultivate a positive therapeutic encounter suited to addressing disparities in MHS by enhancing trust and family collaboration, if appropriately adapted for schools. Thirty-seven school district leaders and frontline school MHS providers from districts serving primarily socioeconomically disadvantaged REM communities participated in key informant interviews and focus groups. First, interviews were conducted to understand usual care processes for responding to students with suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and perspectives on the strengths and disadvantages of current practices. An as-is process analysis was used to describe current practices spanning risk assessment, crisis intervention, and follow-up. Second, focus groups were conducted to solicit perceptions of the fit of SAFETY-A for these school contexts. Thematic analysis of the interviews and focus groups was used to identify multilevel facilitators and barriers to SAFETY-A implementation, and potential tailoring variables for implementation strategies across school districts.

3.
School Psych Rev ; 51(3): 266-289, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935591

RESUMO

There are known cultural variations in correlates of and symptoms related to suicide-related thoughts and behaviors; however, the majority of research that informs suicide prevention in school systems has focused on research based on Euro-American/White students. By exploring school-related risk and protective factors in ethnic-racial minoritized students, we expand existing multicultural models of suicide prevention for school settings. Specifically, this systematic literature review identified 33 studies conducted with American Indian and Alaskan Native, Hispanic and Latinx, Black and African American, and Asian American and Pacific Islander students. Findings underscore the importance of building relationships with the school community and fostering a sense of safety for students, the need to approach school-based suicide prevention and intervention with cultural considerations, and the importance of connecting students and families with providers in culturally sensitive and informed ways. Taken together, schools need to build school-family-community partnerships that promote culturally sensitive approaches to suicide prevention.

4.
J Sch Psychol ; 91: 27-49, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35190078

RESUMO

The extant literature on suicide-related thoughts and behaviors (STB) has highlighted increased patterns of risk among specific minoritized populations, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning, intersex, two spirit, and queer (LGBTQ+) youth. Compared to their heterosexual and cisgender peers, LGBTQ+ youth are at increased risk for having STB. Identity-specific stressors such as homonegativity and anti-queerness are among the unique factors posited to contribute to this risk and inhibit factors that protect against suicide. The school setting has been a focal point for suicide prevention and intervention and may also play a key role in linking students to care; however, schools also hold the potential to provide supports and experiences that may buffer against risk factors for STB in LGBTQ+ students. This systematic literature review presents findings from 44 studies examining school-related correlates of STB in LGBTQ+ students, informing an ecological approach to suicide prevention for school settings. Findings underscore the importance of school context for preventing STB in LGBTQ+ youth. Approaches that prioritize safety and acceptance of LGBTQ+ youth should span multiple layers of a student's ecology, including district and state level policies and school programs and interventions, such as Gender and Sexuality Alliances and universal bullying prevention programs. Beyond their role as a primary access point for behavioral health services, schools offer a unique opportunity to support suicide prevention by combating minority stressors through promoting positive social relationships and a safe community for LGBTQ+ students.


Assuntos
Bullying , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Prevenção ao Suicídio , Adolescente , Bullying/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Ideação Suicida
5.
Arch Suicide Res ; 25(4): 731-750, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233913

RESUMO

This study explored emerging typologies of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors and how they relate to known psychological and cognitive correlates. Latent class analysis was employed to identify subgroups of college students (n = 626, mean age = 20, 73% female, and 83% White) based on history of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors. Differences among classes were tested to examine their associations with suicidal ideation, fearlessness of death, depression/hopelessness, thwarted belongingness, problems with alcohol or drugs, behavioral inhibition, and emotional control. Results of the latent class analysis supported a 3-class solution, with students classified as being likely to have (1) no history of any self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (78%); (2) a history of all self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (8%); or (3) a history of suicidal ideation, plan, and non-suicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviors, but not suicide attempt (13%). Findings examining correlates of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors highlight the importance of fearlessness of death for distinguishing suicide attempters from non-attempters. Attention to mental health and suicide prevention initiatives should remain a critical priority across college campuses.


Assuntos
Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Masculino , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Ideação Suicida , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adulto Jovem
6.
Sch Psychol ; 35(1): 61-71, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31424242

RESUMO

Suicide is a leading cause of death of school-aged youth, with adolescent and young adult populations considered to be most at risk for suicide clusters and contagion effects. Suicide clusters have been documented in school districts across the United States, though the degree to which schools are prepared to provide postvention services in the wake of a suicide is presently unclear. The current study sought to ascertain school psychologists' training, experiences and access to school district protocols in general postvention, and specifically in suicide contagion effect prevention. Perceptions of suicide postvention knowledge and self-efficacy from 111 school psychologists in the state of North Carolina were assessed using the Perceived Postvention Competency Survey. Descriptive and multivariate analyses were conducted to identify associations between school psychologist characteristics and perceived competency. More than half of respondents reported limited knowledge, preparedness, and confidence in suicide postvention, and even lower degrees of competency in preventing suicide contagion effects. Formal training in postvention and years worked were significantly associated with both perceived knowledge and self-efficacy. Recommendations to enhance school psychologists' postvention competence are offered, and directions for future research to expand upon this preliminary work are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Competência Profissional , Psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Escolar , Instituições Acadêmicas , Prevenção ao Suicídio , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento Imitativo , Masculino , North Carolina
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