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1.
Res Sq ; 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766264

RESUMO

Background: Aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) has the potential to be used as an imaging biomarker for the risk stratification of intracranial aneurysms (IAs). Radiomics provides a refined approach to quantify and further characterize AWE's textural features. This study examines the performance of AWE quantification combined with clinical information in detecting symptomatic IAs. Methods: Ninety patients harboring 104 IAs (29 symptomatic and 75 asymptomatic) underwent high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI). The assessment of AWE was performed using two different methods: 3D-AWE mapping and composite radiomics-based score (RadScore). The dataset was split into training and testing subsets. The testing set was used to build two different nomograms using each modality of AWE assessment combined with patients' demographic information and aneurysm morphological data. Finally, each nomogram was evaluated on an independent testing set. Results: A total of 22 radiomic features were significantly different between symptomatic and asymptomatic IAs. The 3D-AWE Mapping nomogram achieved an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.77 (63% accuracy, 78% sensitivity and 58% specificity). The RadScore nomogram exhibited a better performance, achieving an AUC of 0.83 (77% accuracy, 89% sensitivity and 73% specificity). Conclusions: Combining AWE quantification through radiomic analysis with patient demographic data in a clinical nomogram achieved high accuracy in detecting symptomatic IAs.

3.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37777257

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Tigertriever device offers a unique feature that enables gradual control of the radial expansion. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the Tigertriever device in patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) and underlying intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD). The patients were part of the TIGER trial. METHODS: The presence of underlying ICAD was determined by a core imaging laboratory using CT angiography and digital subtraction angiography. The primary outcomes included successful reperfusion, puncture to reperfusion time, and complications associated with the use of the Tigertriever device. Patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy with the Tigertriever device for up to three passes, and alternative devices were employed for subsequent passes. RESULTS: A total of 160 patients were enrolled in the TIGER trial, and 32 patients had ICAD. Among the patients with ICAD, 78% achieved successful reperfusion within three passes of the Tigertriever device, without requiring rescue therapy. Additionally, a first pass effect was observed in 46.8%. The median time from puncture to reperfusion was 22 minutes. There were no device-related complications. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at 24 hours was significantly reduced, from an average of 17 at baseline to 8. At the 3 month follow-up, 50% of patients achieved a modified Rankin Scale score of ≤2. CONCLUSION: Endovascular therapy (EVT) with the Tigertriever device for LVO in patients with underlying ICAD is effective and safe. When compared with historical data from other devices employed in similar cases, we observed a high rate of successful reperfusion, along with a shorter puncture to reperfusion time.

4.
Interv Neuroradiol ; : 15910199231201520, 2023 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37715650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient's age is an important factor in determining the risk of aneurysm rupture. However, there is limited data on how aneurysm morphology differs among age groups. We studied morphological characteristics of brain aneurysms among age groups in a large cohort. METHODS: Aneurysms from the Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm Registry (STAR) were analyzed. The following parameters were included: location, size, neck, width, height, aspect ratio, and regular versus irregular morphology. The risk of rupture presentation was estimated using logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 1407 unruptured and 607 ruptured saccular aneurysms were included. The most common locations of ruptured aneurysms in patients younger than 70 years-old were the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and the anterior communicating artery (ACOM). The most common location of ruptured aneurysms in patients older than 70 years-old were the posterior communicating artery (PCOM) and ACOM. The size of unruptured aneurysms increased with age (p < .001). Conversely, the size of ruptured aneurysms was similar among age groups (p = .142). Unruptured and ruptured aneurysms became more irregular at presentation with older age (p < .001 and p .025, respectively). Irregular morphology and location were associated with rupture status across all age groups in multivariate regression. CONCLUSIONS: Younger patients have small unruptured and ruptured aneurysms, and ruptured aneurysms are mostly located in the MCA and ACOM. Older patients have larger and more irregular unruptured aneurysms, and ruptured aneurysms are mostly located in the PCOM and ACOM. An irregular morphology increases the risk of rupture in all age groups.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 120(23): e2220005120, 2023 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37252973

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) is the most important human virus transmitted by mosquitos. Dengue pathogenesis is characterized by a large induction of proinflammatory cytokines. This cytokine induction varies among the four DENV serotypes (DENV1 to 4) and poses a challenge for live DENV vaccine design. Here, we identify a viral mechanism to limit NF-κB activation and cytokine secretion by the DENV protein NS5. Using proteomics, we found that NS5 binds and degrades the host protein ERC1 to antagonize NF-κB activation, limit proinflammatory cytokine secretion, and reduce cell migration. We found that ERC1 degradation involves unique properties of the methyltransferase domain of NS5 that are not conserved among the four DENV serotypes. By obtaining chimeric DENV2 and DENV4 viruses, we map the residues in NS5 for ERC1 degradation, and generate recombinant DENVs exchanging serotype properties by single amino acid substitutions. This work uncovers a function of the viral protein NS5 to limit cytokine production, critical to dengue pathogenesis. Importantly, the information provided about the serotype-specific mechanism for counteracting the antiviral response can be applied to improve live attenuated vaccines.


Assuntos
Vírus da Dengue , Dengue , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais , Humanos , Citocinas , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Sorogrupo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo
6.
Heliyon ; 9(5): e15211, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37090429

RESUMO

The population that has not received a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is at high risk for infection whereas vaccination prevents COVID-19 severe disease, hospitalization, and death. In Argentina, to date, more than 50 million doses of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 have been administered. The three main vaccines applied are Sputnik V, Oxford-AstraZeneca, and Sinopharm. In this study, we have compared the antibody response of voluntary individuals at day 0 (first dose vaccination day) and at 21-25 days post first and second dose. Our results indicate that at 21-25 days after the administration of the first doses of Sputnik V the large majority of the people vaccinated 80% (n = 15) presented high humoral responses as determined by the measurement of IgG against the Spike protein and the Receptor Binding Domain (RBD). In the case of those vaccinated with AstraZeneca, the percentage was 80% (n = 15) whereas this value was reduced to only 25% (n = 16) in persons that received Sinopharm. However, after the second doses, most of the recipients had significant levels of antibodies. The virus neutralizing capacity of the antibodies generated was evaluated using a pseudotyped VSV-SARS-CoV2 Spike expressing eGFP and the data was analyzed by fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. The results indicate that a good correlation exists between the levels of IgG and the neutralizing capacity of the antibodies against the recombinant virus. Our results stand out the importance of applying the second dose of Sinopharm. Thus, the present report provides data that will contribute to decisions making about the vaccine implementation plans of action for, not only our region but our country to support the fight against the COVID-19 global pandemic.

7.
Brain Commun ; 5(2): fcad093, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37033334

RESUMO

Poor maternal nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair fetal development. Moreover, the preimplantation period is vulnerable to adverse programming of disease. Here, we investigated the effect of a mouse maternal high-fat diet in healthy non-obese dams during preimplantation or throughout pregnancy and lactation on metabolism-related parameters and hippocampal neurogenesis in adult offspring. Female mice were fed from conception either a normal fat diet (normal fat diet group) or high-fat diet throughout gestation and lactation (high-fat diet group), or high-fat diet only during preimplantation (embryonic high-fat diet group, high-fat diet up to E3.5, normal fat diet thereafter). Maternal high-fat diet caused changes in the offspring, including increased systolic blood pressure, diurnal activity, respiratory quotient, and energy expenditure in high-fat diet females, and increased systolic blood pressure and respiratory quotient but decreased energy expenditure in high-fat diet males. High-fat diet males had a higher density of newborn neurons and a lower density of mature neurons in the dentate gyrus, indicating that exposure to a maternal high-fat diet may regulate adult neurogenesis. A maternal high-fat diet also increased the density of astrocytes and microglia in the hippocampus of high-fat diet males and females. Generally, a graded response (normal fat diet < embryonic high-fat < high-fat diet) was observed, with only 3 days of high-fat diet exposure altering offspring energy metabolism and hippocampal cell density. Thus, early maternal exposure to a fatty diet, well before neural differentiation begins and independently of maternal obesity, is sufficient to perturb offspring energy metabolism and brain physiology with lifetime consequences.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 992370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36225925

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has particularly affected older adults residing in nursing homes, resulting in high rates of hospitalisation and death. Here, we evaluated the longitudinal humoral response and neutralising capacity in plasma samples of volunteers vaccinated with different platforms (Sputnik V, BBIBP-CorV, and AZD1222). A cohort of 851 participants, mean age 83 (60-103 years), from the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina were included. Sequential plasma samples were taken at different time points after vaccination. After completing the vaccination schedule, infection-naïve volunteers who received either Sputnik V or AZD1222 exhibited significantly higher specific anti-Spike IgG titers than those who received BBIBP-CorV. Strong correlation between anti-Spike IgG titers and neutralising activity levels was evidenced at all times studied (rho=0.7 a 0.9). Previous exposure to SARS-CoV-2 and age <80 years were both associated with higher specific antibody levels. No differences in neutralising capacity were observed for the infection-naïve participants in either gender or age group. Similar to anti-Spike IgG titers, neutralising capacity decreased 3 to 9-fold at 6 months after initial vaccination for all platforms. Neutralising capacity against Omicron was between 10-58 fold lower compared to ancestral B.1 for all vaccine platforms at 21 days post dose 2 and 180 days post dose 1. This work provides evidence about the humoral response and neutralising capacity elicited by vaccination of a vulnerable elderly population. This data could be useful for pandemic management in defining public health policies, highlighting the need to apply reinforcements after a complete vaccination schedule.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Antivirais , Argentina/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
9.
Front Immunol ; 13: 909995, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36263055

RESUMO

Background: Recent studies have shown the presence of SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies in the milk of breastfeeding mothers vaccinated with mRNA and convalescent. However, limited information is available in lactating women receiving other vaccine platforms used in developing countries, such as the inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine BBIBP-CorV (Sinopharm) and the non-replicating adenovirus vaccines Sputnik V (Gamaleya Institute) and ChAdOx1-S (Oxford AstraZeneca). Methods: Here, we evaluated anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG and IgA levels in both serum and milk samples using a longitudinal and a cross-sectional cohort of 208 breastfeeding vaccinated women from Argentina with or without previous SARS-CoV-2 infection. Results: The analysis showed that IgA levels remain constant in serum and milk of breastfeeding mothers between the first and second doses of vector-based vaccines (Sputnik V and ChAdOx1-S). After the second dose, anti-spike IgA was found positive in 100% of the serum samples and in 66% of breastmilk samples. In addition, no significant differences in milk IgA levels were observed in participants receiving BBIBP-CorV, Sputnik V or ChAdOx1-S. IgG levels in milk increased after the second dose of vector-based vaccines. Paired longitudinal samples taken at 45 and 120 days after the second dose showed a decrease in milk IgG levels over time. Study of IgA levels in serum and milk of vaccinated naïve of infection and vaccinated-convalescent breastfeeding participants showed significantly higher levels in vaccinated-convalescent than in participants without previous infection. Conclusion: This study is relevant to understand the protection against SARS-CoV-2 by passive immunity in newborns and children who are not yet eligible to receive vaccination.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Adenovirus , COVID-19 , Vacinas Virais , Recém-Nascido , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Leite Humano , Estudos Transversais , Lactação , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Anticorpos Antivirais , Imunoglobulina G , Imunoglobulina A , RNA Mensageiro
10.
J Neurochem ; 163(4): 338-356, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36205031

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) neuroinvasion occurs early after infection through the trafficking of virus-infected immune cells into the central nervous system (CNS) and viral dissemination into the brain. There, it can infect resident brain cells including astrocytes, the most abundant cell type that is crucial to brain homeostasis. In this report, we examined the HIV-related mechanism able to induce bystander cell death in astrocytes mediated by cell-to-cell contact with productively infected (PI) ones. We first demonstrate that HIV-induced bystander cell death involves mitochondrial dysfunction that promotes exacerbated reactive oxygen species production. Such a phenomenon is a contagious cell death that requires contact with HIV-PI astrocytes that trigger caspase-dependent (apoptosis and pyroptosis) and caspase-independent cell death pathways. The HIV accessory proteins Nef, Vpu, and Vpr counteract astrocyte death among PI cells but, in contrast, participate to promote contagious bystander cell death by inducing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production. Our findings indicate that astrocytes PI by HIV became capable to counteract infection-derived death signals, surviving, and spreading the bystander cell death into neighboring uninfected cells by a cell-to-cell contact-dependent mechanism. Considering that astrocytes have been proposed as a long-term HIV reservoir in the CNS, ascertaining the mechanism of survival and contagious bystander death will afford clear targets in the current goal to achieve a functional cure.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , Humanos , Astrócitos/metabolismo , HIV-1/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Morte Celular , Caspases/metabolismo
11.
Cell Rep Med ; 3(8): 100706, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926505

RESUMO

Heterologous vaccination against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) provides a rational strategy to rapidly increase vaccination coverage in many regions of the world. Although data regarding messenger RNA (mRNA) and ChAdOx1 vaccine combinations are available, there is limited information about the combination of these platforms with other vaccines widely used in developing countries, such as BBIBP-CorV and Sputnik V. Here, we assess the immunogenicity and reactogenicity of 15 vaccine combinations in 1,314 participants. We evaluate immunoglobulin G (IgG) anti-spike response and virus neutralizing titers and observe that a number of heterologous vaccine combinations are equivalent or superior to homologous schemes. For all cohorts in this study, the highest antibody response is induced by mRNA-1273 as the second dose. No serious adverse events are detected in any of the schedules analyzed. Our observations provide rational support for the use of different vaccine combinations to achieve wide vaccine coverage in the shortest possible time.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas Virais , Vacina de mRNA-1273 contra 2019-nCoV , Anticorpos Antivirais , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunização , RNA Mensageiro/genética , SARS-CoV-2 , Vacinação
12.
Brain Sci ; 12(8)2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36009103

RESUMO

Ataxia is a constellation of symptoms that involves a lack of coordination, imbalance, and difficulty walking. Hereditary ataxia occurs when a person is born with defective genes, and this degenerative disorder may progress for several years. There is no effective cure for ataxia, so we need to search for new treatments. Recently, interest in riluzole in the treatment of ataxia has emerged. We conducted this systematic review to analyze the safety and efficacy of riluzole for treating hereditary ataxia in recent clinical trials. We conducted a systematic review using PubMed and Google Scholar as databases in search of this relationship. We used the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) protocols to conduct this study. For inclusion criteria, we included full-text clinical trials on humans written in English and found three clinical trials. We excluded case reports, literature reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses for this analysis. We aimed to evaluate the Scale for the Assessment and Rating of Ataxia (SARA) score, the International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS) score, and the safety of the medication. Two out of the three clinical trials showed statistically significant clinical improvement in the ICARS and SARA scores, while the other trial did not show improvement in the clinical or radiological outcomes. The drug was safe in all clinical trials. Overall, the results of this analysis of riluzole for the treatment of hereditary ataxia are encouraging. Further clinical trials are needed to investigate the efficacy of riluzole on hereditary ataxia.

13.
Cureus ; 14(7): e27154, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36004035

RESUMO

Protocadherin 19 (PCDH19) syndrome is inherited as an X-linked pattern and affects mainly females. This syndrome is caused by a mutation in the PCDH19 gene encoding for the protocadherin protein. It is characterized by refractory seizures during febrile episodes with neuropsychiatric manifestations. There is no consensus on the treatment of PCDH19. We conducted a literature review to investigate the main drugs used for this syndrome, and to evaluate the best possible course of adjuvant treatment for these patients. We used an advanced PubMed search strategy with the following inclusion criteria: a) full-text papers, b) English Language, and c) studies conducted in humans. Exclusion criteria: a) literature reviews, b) systematic reviews, and c) metanalysis. We gathered 26 observational papers to conduct this literature review on clobazam and bromide which have been shown to reduce seizures by 50%. Corticosteroids improved neurological symptoms during the episodes in a few patients. Nevertheless, they recurred after a few months. Preliminary results of ganaxolone, which is still under study, demonstrated a reduction of 60% in seizure episodes. A ketogenic diet has been studied to treat several refractory epilepsies, including PCDH19; it has promising results as effective adjuvant therapy in the resolution of status epilepticus, suggesting it could be used as part of the treatment in early childhood. Stiripentol was given as adjuvant therapy in a patient with PCDH19 epilepsy resulting in the most extended period of seizure-free episodes, but more studies must be performed to assess its efficacy.

15.
Cureus ; 14(6): e25808, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35822151

RESUMO

PCDH19 syndrome is a monogenic epilepsy related to the protein protocadherin-19 (PCDH19) gene, which encodes for a protein important for brain development. The protein also seems to regulate gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptors (GABA(A)(R)). The disease presents with refractory epilepsy that is characterized by seizures occurring in clusters. Till now, the pathophysiology of the disease is mainly unknown, so we conducted a literature review to elucidate the pathophysiology of PCDH19-related epilepsy. We used two databases to investigate this literature review (Google Scholar and PubMed). We selected full-text papers that are published in the English language and published after the year 2000. We selected initially 64 papers and ended up with 29 to conduct this literature review. We found four main theories for the pathophysiology of PCDH19-related epilepsy: GABA(A)(R) dysregulation, blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction, cellular interference, and the AKR1C1-3 gene product deficiency. GABA(A)(R) dysfunction and expression cause decreased effective inhibitory currents predisposing patients to epilepsy. BBB dysfunction allows the passage of methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-type glutamate receptor antibodies (abs-NR) through the BBB susceptible membrane. The cellular interference hypothesis establishes that the mutant and non-mutant cells interfere with each other's communication within the same tissue. Women are more susceptible to being affected by this hypothesis as men only have one copy of the x gene and interference is mediated by this gene, meaning that it cannot occur in them. Finally, downregulation and deficiency of the AKR1C3/AKR1C2 products lead to decreasing levels of allopregnanolone, which diminish the regulation of GABA(A)(R).

16.
Cureus ; 14(4): e24529, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651458

RESUMO

Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, especially in certain ethnic groups. Impaired consciousness is a common outcome in stroke patients, serving as a predictor of prognosis and mortality. Lately, there has been increased interest in drugs such as Levodopa (LD), which have been found to promote wakefulness. To further appreciate this association, we gathered updated evidence of this novel therapeutic approach and compared it, evaluating its clinical use in an acute stroke setting. We carried out a systematic review of clinical trials conducted exclusively on stroke patients who received levodopa. Four clinical trials were reviewed and analyzed after applying the inclusion/exclusion criteria. The use of levodopa showed positive results in four of the clinical trials, and statistically significant results in 3/4 of the studies; however, more studies need to be conducted to corroborate these results.

17.
Clocks Sleep ; 4(2): 287-299, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735605

RESUMO

Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS) is characterized by episodes of hypersomnia. Additionally, these patients can present with hyperphagia, hypersexuality, abnormal behavior, and cognitive dysfunction. Functional neuroimaging studies such as fMRI-BOLD, Positron Emission Tomography (PET) or SPECT help us understand the neuropathological bases of different disorders. We conducted a systematic review to investigate the neuroimaging features of KLS patients and their clinical correlations. This systematic review was conducted by following the Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) and PRISMA protocol reporting guidelines. We aim to investigate the clinical correlation with neuroimaging among patients with KLS. We included only studies written in the English language in the last 20 years, conducted on humans; 10 studies were included. We excluded systematic reviews, metanalysis, and case reports. We found that there are changes in functional imaging studies during the symptomatic and asymptomatic periods as well as in between episodes in patients with K.L.S. The areas most reported as affected were the hypothalamic and thalamic regions, which showed hypoperfusion and, in a few cases, hyperperfusion; areas such as the frontal, parietal, occipital and the prefrontal cortex all showed alterations in cerebral perfusion. These changes in cerebral blood flow and regions vary according to the imaging (SPECT, PET SCAN, or fMRI) and the task performed while imaging was performed. We encountered conflicting data between studies. Hyper insomnia, the main feature of this disease during the symptomatic periods, was associated with decreased thalamic activity. Other features of K.L.S., such as apathy, hypersexuality, and depersonalization, were also correlated with functional imaging changes. There were also findings that correlated with working memory deficits seen in this stage during the asymptomatic periods. Hyperactivity of the thalamus and hypothalamus were the main features shown during the asymptomatic period. Additionally, functional imaging tends to improve with a longer course of the disease, which suggests that K.L.S. patients outgrow the disease. These findings should caution physicians when analyzing and correlating neuroimaging findings with the disease.

18.
Neurol Int ; 14(2): 488-496, 2022 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736621

RESUMO

(1) Background: Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) encompasses a clinical and radiological diagnosis characterized by recurrent thunderclap headache, with or without focal deficits due to multifocal arterial vasoconstriction and dilation. RCVS can be correlated to pregnancy and exposure to certain drugs. Currently, the data on prevalence of RCVS in the postpartum period is lacking. We aim to investigate the prevalence of RCVS in the postpartum period and the rate of hemorrhagic complications of RCVS among the same group of patients; (2) Methods: We conducted the metanalysis by using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), and Meta-Analyses and Systematic Reviews of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) protocol. To analyze the Bias, we used the Ottawa Newcastle scale tool. We included only full-text observational studies conducted on humans and written in English. We excluded Literature Reviews, Systematic Reviews, and Metanalysis. Additionally, we excluded articles that did not document the prevalence of RCVS in the postpartum period (3). Results: According to our analysis, the Prevalence of RCVS in the postpartum period was 129/1083 (11.9%). Of these, 51/100 (52.7%) patients had hemorrhagic RCVS vs. 49/101 (49.5%) with non-hemorrhagic RCVS. The rates of Intracerebral Hemorrhage (ICH) and Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) were (51.6% and 10.7%, respectively. ICH seems to be more common than.; (4) Conclusions: Among patients with RCVS, the prevalence in PP patients is relativity high. Pregnant women with RCVS have a higher recurrence of hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic RCVS. Regarding the type of Hemorrhagic RCVS, ICH is more common than SAH among patients in the postpartum period. Female Sex, history of migraine, and older age group (above 45) seem to be risk factors for H-RCVS. Furthermore, recurrence of RCVS is associated with a higher age group (above 45). Recurrence of RCVS is more commonly idiopathic than being triggered by vasoactive drugs in the postpartum period.

19.
J Infect Dis ; 226(10): 1717-1720, 2022 11 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35723970

RESUMO

Infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant is usually asymptomatic or mild and appears to be poorly immunogenic at least in unvaccinated individuals. Here, we found that health care workers vaccinated with 2 doses of Sputnik V and a booster dose of ChAdOx1 mount a vigorous neutralizing-antibody response after Omicron breakthrough infection.


Assuntos
Formação de Anticorpos , COVID-19 , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinação , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais
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