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Health Promot Int ; 35(3): 586-597, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071224


Sense of coherence (SOC) is regarded as the individuals' capacity for managing the stressors over their lifespan. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between SOC and dental caries. Electronic searchers were conducted in six databases: PubMed, Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs and Proquest from their date of inception until November/2017. An update took place in August/2018. A hand search in the reference list of the included articles and gray literature search were also carried out. Retrieved titles/abstracts were screened by two review authors. Data of the included articles were extracted and quality assessment was also conducted. The first search retrieved 346 titles/abstracts. The update retrieved 33 records. Following the removal of 70 duplicates, 309 references were screened and 17 were included. The quality assessment ranged from low quality articles to high quality articles. High quality study showed that adult individuals with lower SOC were more likely to have dental caries. Meta-analysis showed that adolescents with low SOC were 5.41 times more likely to present dental caries than adolescents with high SOC (CI = 2.15-13.59). Mothers with low SOC were 5.55 times more likely to have children/adolescents with dental caries than mothers with high SOC (CI = 2.92-10.57). The subgroup analysis exploring continuous data showed that the SOC of mothers of children/adolescents without dental caries was significantly higher than the SOC of mothers of children/adolescents with dental caries (CI = 0.10-0.51). Higher levels of SOC seem to be associated with lower levels of dental caries.

Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Mães/psicologia , Senso de Coerência , Adolescente , Adulto , Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino