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1.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1429, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365899

RESUMO

Senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) contributes to aging-related cardiovascular diseases by promoting arterial remodelling and stiffness. Ferroptosis is a novel type of regulated cell death associated with lipid oxidation. Here, we show that pro-ferroptosis signaling drives VSMCs senescence to accelerate vascular NAD+ loss, remodelling and aging. Pro-ferroptotic signaling is triggered in senescent VSMCs and arteries of aged mice. Furthermore, the activation of pro-ferroptotic signaling in VSMCs not only induces NAD+ loss and senescence but also promotes the release of a pro-senescent secretome. Pharmacological or genetic inhibition of pro-ferroptosis signaling, ameliorates VSMCs senescence, reduces vascular stiffness and retards the progression of abdominal aortic aneurysm in mice. Mechanistically, we revealed that inhibition of pro-ferroptotic signaling facilitates the nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling of proliferator-activated receptor-γ and, thereby impeding nuclear receptor coactivator 4-ferrtin complex-centric ferritinophagy. Finally, the activated pro-ferroptotic signaling correlates with arterial stiffness in a human proof-of-concept study. These findings have significant implications for future therapeutic strategies aiming to eliminate vascular ferroptosis in senescence- or aging-associated cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Músculo Liso Vascular , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Senescência Celular/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , NAD/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Artérias , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo
2.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2305715, 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38417117

RESUMO

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a significant global health issue that poses high mortality and morbidity risks. One commonly observed cause of DILI is acetaminophen (APAP) overdose. GSDME is an effector protein that induces non-canonical pyroptosis. In this study, the activation of GSDME, but not GSDMD, in the liver tissue of mice and patients with APAP-DILI is reported. Knockout of GSDME, rather than GSDMD, in mice protected them from APAP-DILI. Mice with hepatocyte-specific rescue of GSDME reproduced APAP-induced liver injury. Furthermore, alterations in the immune cell pools observed in APAP-induced DILI, such as the replacement of TIM4+ resident Kupffer cells (KCs) by monocyte-derived KCs, Ly6C+ monocyte infiltration, MerTk+ macrophages depletion, and neutrophil increase, reappeared in mice with hepatocyte-specific rescue of GSDME. Mechanistically, APAP exposure led to a substantial loss of interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15), resulting in deISGylation of carbamoyl phosphate synthetase-1 (CPS1), promoted its degradation via K48-linked ubiquitination, causing ammonia clearance dysfunction. GSDME deletion prevented these effects. Delayed administration of dimethyl-fumarate inhibited GSDME cleavage and alleviated ammonia accumulation, mitigating liver injury. This findings demonstrated a previously uncharacterized role of GSDME in APAP-DILI by promoting pyroptosis and CPS1 deISGylation, suggesting that inhibiting GSDME can be a promising therapeutic option for APAP-DILI.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 125(Pt A): 111133, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38149573

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (N-acetyl-p-aminophenol; APAP), a widely used effective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, leads to acute liver injury at overdose worldwide. Evidence showed that the severity of liver injury associated with the subsequent involvement of inflammatory mediators and immune cells. The innate immune stimulator of interferon genes protein (STING) pathway was critical in modulating inflammation. Here, we show that STING was activated and inflammation was enhanced in the liver in APAP-overdosed C57BL/6J mice, and Sting mutation (Stinggt/gt) mice exhibited less liver damage. Multiplexing flow cytometry displayed that Sting mutation changed hepatic recruitment and replacement of macrophages/monocytes in APAP-overdosed mice, which was inclined to anti-inflammation. In addition, Sting mutation limited NLRP3 activation in the liver in APAP-overdosed mice, and inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Finally, MCC950, a potent and selective NLRP3 inhibitor, significantly ameliorated APAP-induced liver injury and inflammation. Besides, pretreatment of MCC950 in C57 mice resulted in changes of immune cells infiltration in the liver similar to Stinggt/gt mice. Our study revealed that STING played a crucial role in APAP-induced acute liver injury, possibly by maintaining liver immune cells homeostasis and inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation, suggesting that inhibiting STING-NLRP3 pathway might be a potential therapeutic strategy for acute liver injury.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Proteínas de Membrana , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Animais , Camundongos , Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Inflamação , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
4.
Theranostics ; 11(9): 4381-4402, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754067

RESUMO

Rationale: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide+ (NAD+)-boosting therapy has emerged as a promising strategy to treat various health disorders, while the underlying molecular mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we investigated the involvement of fibronectin type III domain containing 5 (Fndc5) or irisin, which is a novel exercise-linked hormone, in the development and progression of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: NAD+-boosting therapy was achieved by administrating of nicotinamide riboside (NR) in human and mice. The Fndc5/irisin levels in tissues and blood were measured in NR-treated mice or human volunteers. The therapeutic action of NR against NAFLD pathologies induced by high-fat diet (HFD) or methionine/choline-deficient diet (MCD) were compared between wild-type (WT) and Fndc5-/- mice. Recombinant Fndc5/irisin was infused to NALFD mice via osmotic minipump to test the therapeutic action of Fndc5/irisin. Various biomedical experiments were conducted in vivo and in vitro to know the molecular mechanisms underlying the stimulation of Fndc5/irisin by NR treatment. Results: NR treatment elevated plasma level of Fndc5/irisin in mice and human volunteers. NR treatment also increased Fndc5 expression in skeletal muscle, adipose and liver tissues in mice. In HFD-induced NAFLD mice model, NR displayed remarkable therapeutic effects on body weight gain, hepatic steatosis, steatohepatitis, insulin resistance, mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis and fibrosis; however, these actions of NR were compromised in Fndc5-/- mice. Chronic infusion of recombinant Fndc5/irisin alleviated the NAFLD pathological phenotypes in MCD-induced NAFLD mice model. Mechanistically, NR reduced the lipid stress-triggered ubiquitination of Fndc5, which increased Fndc5 protein stability and thus enhanced Fndc5 protein level. Using shRNA-mediated knockdown screening, we found that NAD+-dependent deacetylase SIRT2, rather than other sirtuins, interacts with Fndc5 to decrease Fndc5 acetylation, which reduces Fndc5 ubiquitination and stabilize it. Treatment of AGK2, a selective inhibitor of SIRT2, blocked the therapeutic action of NR against NAFLD pathologies and NR-induced Fndc5 deubiquitination/deacetylation. At last, we identified that the lysine sites K127/131 and K185/187/189 of Fndc5 may contribute to the SIRT2-dependent deacetylation and deubiquitination of Fndc5. Conclusions: The findings from this research for the first time demonstrate that NAD+-boosting therapy reverses NAFLD by regulating SIRT2-deppendent Fndc5 deacetylation and deubiquitination, which results in a stimulation of Fndc5/irisin, a novel exerkine. These results suggest that Fndc5/irisin may be a potential nexus between physical exercise and NAD+-boosting therapy in metabolic pathophysiology.


Assuntos
Fibronectinas/metabolismo , NAD/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação/fisiologia
5.
Br J Pharmacol ; 178(10): 2111-2130, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a worldwide public health problem with no established pharmacological therapy. Here, we explored the potential benefit of P7C3-A20, a novel aminopropyl carbazole compound with neuroprotective activity, in a NAFLD model, induced in mice by a high-fat diet (HFD). EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: C57BL/6J mice were given a HFD (42% fat content) for 16 weeks to induce NAFLD. P7C3-A20 (20 mg·kg-1 ·day-1 ) was given by gavage for 2 weeks. Indirect calorimetry, histological analysis, immunoblotting, immunohistochemistry, and biomedical examinations were performed. Gut microbiota were determined using a 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing analysis. KEY RESULTS: P7C3-A20 treatment reduced body weight gain/adiposity, improved insulin resistance, promoted energy expenditure (O2 consumption/CO2 production), inhibited lipid oxidation, suppressed hepatic inflammation (Kupffer cell number and pro-inflammatory factors), decreased necroptosis/apoptosis (receptor-interacting protein kinase 3, cleaved caspase-3, and TUNEL), and alleviated liver fibrosis and injury. Mechanistically, P7C3-A20 stimulated FGF21 and FGF1 via activating liver kinase B1 (LKB1) and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which further resulted in a reduced nuclear translocation of CREB-regulated transcription coactivator 2 (CRTC2). In AMPKα2 knockout mice, the protection of P7C3-A20 against HFD-induced metabolism abnormalities and fat accumulation, as well as the elevation of blood FGF21 and FGF1, was abolished. P7C3-A20 increased the gut microbiota species richness. Moreover, it enhanced the proportions of Akkermansia, Lactobacillus, and Prevotellaceae, while reducing the proportions of Enterobacteriaceae, Escherichia, and Parasutterella. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: P7C3-A20 increased levels of NAD+ and alleviated NAFLD through stimulating FGF21 and FGF1 in an LKB1/AMPK/CRTC2-dependent manner and shaping gut microbiota. LINKED ARTICLES: This article is part of a themed issue on Cellular metabolism and diseases. To view the other articles in this section visit http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bph.v178.10/issuetoc.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Animais , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fator 1 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos , Fígado , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico
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