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1.
J Psychiatr Res ; 173: 340-346, 2024 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms are highly prevalent and increase risks of various morbidities. However, the extent to which depressive symptoms could account for incidence of these chronic conditions, in particular multimorbidity patterns, remains to be examined and quantified. METHODS: For this cohort analysis, we included 9024-14,093 participants aged 45 years and older from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and 13 common chronic diseases and 4 multimorbidity patterns. Population attributable fractions (PAFs) combining the information on both exposure prevalence and risk association were estimated to quantify the magnitude of the burden of these conditions attributable to depressive symptoms. RESULTS: Depressive symptoms were associated with increased risks of liver disease, stroke, heart problem, asthma, diabetes, arthritis, kidney disease, chronic lung disease, digestive disease, dyslipidemia, and memory-related disease, and the adjusted HRs (95% CIs) and PAFs (95% CIs) ranged from 1.15 (1.05-1.26) to 1.64 (1.38-1.96) and 5% (0-10%) to 17% (6-28%), respectively. In addition, individuals with depressive symptoms had elevated risks of the cardiometabolic-cancer pattern, the cerebrovascular-memory pattern, the articular-visceral organ pattern, and the respiratory pattern, with respective HRs (95% CIs) of 1.26 (1.11-1.42), 1.34 (1.07-1.69), 1.45 (1.29-1.63), and 2.01 (1.36-2.96), and respective PAFs (95% CIs) of 5% (0-10%), 8% (-4-21%), 12% (7-17%), and 20% (5-35%). CONCLUSION: Depressive symptoms contribute substantially to the burden across a broad range of chronic diseases as well as different multimorbidity patterns in middle-aged and older Chinese.

2.
Prev Med Rep ; 39: 102662, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426040

RESUMO

Objective: Current cost-effectiveness analyses of amblyopia screening are mainly from western countries. It remains unclear whether it is cost-effective to implement a preschool amblyopia screening programme in China. Our study aimed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a hypothetical kindergarten-based amblyopia screening versus non-screening among 3-year-old children. Methods: We developed a decision tree combined with a Markov model to compare the cost and effectiveness of screening versus non-screening for 3-year-old children from a third-party payment perspective. The primary outcomes were quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Costs were obtained from expert opinions in different regions of China. Transition probabilities and health utilities were mainly based on published literature and open sources. Sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the impact of parameters' uncertainty on results. Results: Base-case analysis demonstrated that the ICER of screening versus non-screening was $17,466/QALY, well below the WTP threshold ($38,223/QALY) for China. One-way sensitivity analysis showed that the prevalence of amblyopia, the transition probability per year from untreated amblyopia to healthy, and the discount rate were the top three factors. The likelihood of cost-effectiveness of screening compared with non-screening was 92.56%, according to probabilistic sensitivity analysis. Scenario analysis also indicated that ICER was lower than the WTP threshold even if the time horizon was shortened or the screening was delayed to the age of 4 or 5. Conclusions: Amblyopia screening could be considered a cost-effective strategy compared to non-screening for 3-year-old children in China. Screening for children at the age of 4 or 5 may even yield better results.

3.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556185

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To comprehensively identify the corneal biomechanical differences measured by Corvis ST between different degrees of myopia and emmetropia. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science, were systematically searched for studies comparing the corneal biomechanics among various degrees of myopes and emmetropes using Corvis ST. The weighted mean differences and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Meta-analysis was performed in high and non-high myopes and in myopes and emmetropes, respectively. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included in this study. The meta-analysis among myopes and emmetropes included 1947 myopes and 621 emmetropes, and 443 high myopes and 449 non-high myopes were included in the meta-analysis among high and non-high myopia. Myopes showed the cornea with significantly longer time at the first applanation (A1t) and lower length at the second applanation (A2L) than emmetropes. High myopes showed significantly greater A1t, velocity at the second applanation (A2v), deformation amplitude at the highest concavity (HC-DA), and peak distance at the highest concavity (HC-PD) and decreased time at the second applanation (A2t) and radius of the highest concavity (HC-R). CONCLUSIONS: Corneal biomechanics is different in myopia, especially in high myopia. Compared with non-high myopes, the corneas of high myopes deformed slower during the first applanation, faster during the second applanation, and showed greater deformation amplitude, indicating greater elasticity and viscidity.

4.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471750

RESUMO

AIMS: To assess the impact of dry eye symptoms (DESs) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Chinese residents. METHODS: A total of 21 916 participants were involved in this nationwide cross-sectional study. All of them completed the Ocular Surface Disease Index-6 and the five-level European Quality of Life 5-Dimensional (EQ-5D) Questionnaire to assess the severity of DES and HRQOL, respectively. Multiple linear regression models were used to explore the associations of DES with EQ-5D health utility score (HUS) and visual analogue scale (VAS) score. We used logistic regression models to assess the relationships between DES and self-reported problems in the EQ-5D dimensions. RESULTS: Overall, 43.6% of participants reported DESs. Of them, 2511 (11.5%) were with mild symptoms, 2762 (12.6%) were with moderate symptoms and 4288 (19.6%) were with severe symptoms. Both EQ-5D HUS and VAS score were significantly negatively associated with the severity of DES. The difference in HUS between patients with no symptoms and severe symptoms (0.085) was larger than the minimally clinical important difference for EQ-5D. The loss in HRQOL was greater for patients with severe DES than those just with other comorbidities. Participants with DES had a significantly higher risk of reporting problems in all five EQ-5D dimensions, especially in pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression for patients with mild or moderate symptoms and in mobility, self-care and usual activities for severe patients. CONCLUSION: Patients with more severe DES tend to have lower HRQOL. Effective interventions targeted at different HRQOL dimensions should be taken according to the severity of DES.

6.
Prev Med ; 180: 107893, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342383

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The association between sleep and myopia in children and adolescents has been reported, yet it remains controversial and inconclusive. This study aimed to investigate the influence of different sleep traits on the risk of myopia using meta-analytical and Mendelian randomization (MR) techniques. METHODS: The literature search was performed in August 31, 2023 based on PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library. The meta-analysis of observational studies reporting the relationship between sleep and myopia was conducted. MR analyses were carried out to assess the causal impact of genetic pre-disposition for sleep traits on myopia. RESULTS: The results of the meta-analysis indicated a significant association between the risk of myopia and both short sleep duration [odds ratio (OR) = 1.23, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.08-1.42, P = 0.003] and long sleep duration (OR = 0.75, 95% CI = 0.66-0.86, P < 0.001). MR analyses revealed no significant causal associations of genetically determined sleep traits with myopia, including chronotype, sleep duration, short sleep duration and long sleep duration (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: No evidence was found to support a causal relationship between sleep traits and myopia. While sleep may not independently predict the risk of myopia, the potential impact of sleep on the occurrence and development of myopia cannot be disregarded.


Assuntos
Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Miopia , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Sono/genética , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/genética , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
7.
Eye (Lond) ; 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between corneal stress-strain index (SSI) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1645 healthy university students from a university-based study contributed to the analysis. The RNFL thickness was measured by high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT), axial length (AL) was measured by IOL Master, and corneal biomechanics including SSI, biomechanical corrected intraocular pressure (bIOP), and central corneal thickness (CCT) were measured by Corvis ST. Multivariate linear regression was performed to evaluate the relationship between the SSI and RNFL thickness after adjusting for potential covariates. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 19.0[Formula: see text]0.9 years, and 1132 (68.8%) were women. Lower SSI was significantly associated with thinner RNFL thickness ([Formula: see text]=8.601, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.999-14.203, [Formula: see text] = 0.003) after adjusting for age, CCT, bIOP, and AL. No significant association between SSI and RNFL was found in men, while the association was significant in women in the fully adjusted model. The association was significant in the nonhigh myopic group ([Formula: see text] for trend = 0.021) but not in the highly myopic group. Eyes with greater bIOP and lower SSI had significantly thinner RNFL thickness. CONCLUSIONS: Eyes with lower SSI had thinner RNFL thickness after adjusting for potential covariates, especially those with higher bIOP. Our findings add novel evidence of the relationship between corneal biomechanics and retinal ganglion cell damage.

8.
Qual Life Res ; 2024 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353890

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The high prevalence of multimorbidity in aging societies has posed tremendous challenges to the healthcare system. The aim of our study was to comprehensively assess the association of multimorbidity patterns and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among rural Chinese older adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Data from 4,579 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years and above was collected by the clinical examination and questionnaire survey. Information on 10 chronic conditions was collected and the 3-Level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-3L) was adopted to measure the HRQOL of older adults. An exploratory factor analysis was performed to determine multimorbidity patterns. Regression models were fitted to explore the associations of multimorbidity patterns with specific health dimensions and overall HRQOL. RESULTS: A total of 2,503 (54.7%) participants suffered from multimorbidity, and they reported lower HRQOL compared to those without multimorbidity. Three kinds of multimorbidity patterns were identified including cardiovascular-metabolic diseases, psycho-cognitive diseases and organic diseases. The associations between psycho-cognitive diseases/organic diseases and overall HRQOL assessed by EQ-5D-3L index score were found to be significant (ß = - 0.097, 95% CI - 0.110, - 0.084; ß = - 0.030, 95% CI - 0.038, - 0.021, respectively), and psycho-cognitive diseases affected more health dimensions. The impact of cardiovascular-metabolic diseases on HRQOL was largely non-significant. CONCLUSION: Multimorbidity was negatively associated with HRQOL among older adults from rural China. The presence of the psycho-cognitive diseases pattern or the organic diseases pattern contributed to worse HRQOL. The remarkable negative impact of psycho-cognitive diseases on HRQOL necessiates more attention and relevant medical assistance to older rural adults.

9.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 24(1): 59, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have previously reported the normal values of corneal volume (CV) in various populations, whereas little is known about the CV distribution in healthy young Chinese adults. Our study aimed to investigate the distribution of CV and its relationships with other ocular biometric parameters among healthy young Chinese adults. METHODS: A total of 1645 eyes from 1645 students at Dali University in Yunnan Province, China, were analyzed. Pentacam was used to measure CV. Central corneal thickness (CCT) and biomechanically corrected intraocular pressure (bIOP) were evaluated by Corvis-ST. Other biometrical parameters, including axial length (AL), keratometry, and white-to-white (WTW) distance, were measured using IOL Master. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 19.01 ± 0.92 years, and 68.81% of them were women. The CV was normally distributed in the whole sample, with a mean value of 61.23 ± 3.22 mm3. CV and CCT were significantly smaller in the Yi ethnic group than in the Han ethnic group (p < 0.01). CCT (coefficient: 0.085; p < 0.001) and keratometry (coefficient: 0.422; p < 0.001) were positively correlated with CV, while AL (coefficient: -0.204; p < 0.001), WTW distance (coefficient: -0.236; p < 0.001) and bIOP (coefficient: -0.06; p < 0.001) were inversely associated with CV. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an age-specific distribution of CV among healthy young Chinese adults. CCT, keratometry, AL, WTW distance and bIOP were important factors associated with CV.


Assuntos
Córnea , Pressão Intraocular , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , China/epidemiologia , Tonometria Ocular , Biometria
10.
J Public Health (Oxf) ; 46(1): 107-115, 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38264954

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study examined the moderating role of outdoor time on the relationship between overweight and myopia. METHODS: The data for this study was obtained from a prospective study in Shanghai, where non-myopic children wore wristwear and were followed up for 1 year. Eye examinations were performed at each visit. The modification effect was assessed on the additive scale using multivariable logistic regression, and relative excess risk due to interaction was used to calculate the modification effect. RESULTS: A total of 4683 non-myopic children were included with 32.20% being overweight at baseline. Following a 1-year period, 17.42% of children had myopia. When compared to those who spent <90 minutes outdoors, children who spent >120 had a relative risk of myopia onset that was reduced to 0.61. As time spent outdoors decreased, more risks of myopia onset were identified among overweight children than among normal children, the modification effect on the additive scale was -0.007, with ~70% of this effect attributed to the modifying influence of outdoor time. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing outdoor time can reduce myopia more among overweight children than normal. Future interventions should focus on outdoor activities among overweight children to reduce myopia risks.


Assuntos
Miopia , Obesidade Pediátrica , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Seguimentos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/epidemiologia , Obesidade Pediátrica/etiologia , Atividades de Lazer , China/epidemiologia , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Affect Disord ; 349: 559-568, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38211744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a major cause of suicide and mortality worldwide. This study aims to conduct a systematic review to identify metabolic biomarkers and pathways for major depressive disorder (MDD), a prevalent subtype of clinical depression. METHODS: We searched for metabolomics studies on depression published between January 2000 and January 2023 in the PubMed and Web of Science databases. The reported metabolic biomarkers were systematically evaluated and compared. Pathway analysis was implemented using MetaboAnalyst 5.0. RESULTS: We included 26 clinical studies on MDD and 78 metabolomics studies on depressive-like animal models. A total of 55 and 77 high-frequency metabolites were reported consistently in two-thirds of clinical and murine studies, respectively. In the comparison between murine and clinical studies, we identified 9 consistently changed metabolites (tryptophan, tyrosine, phenylalanine, methionine, fumarate, valine, deoxycholic acid, pyruvate, kynurenic acid) in the blood, 1 consistently altered metabolite (indoxyl sulfate) in the urine and 14 disturbed metabolic pathways in both types of studies. These metabolic dysregulations and pathways are mainly implicated in enhanced inflammation, impaired neuroprotection, reduced energy metabolism, increased oxidative stress damage and disturbed apoptosis, laying solid molecular foundations for MDD. LIMITATIONS: Due to unavailability of original data like effect-size results in many metabolomics studies, a meta-analysis cannot be conducted, and confounding factors cannot be fully ruled out. CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review delineated metabolic biomarkers and pathways related to depression in the murine and clinical samples, providing opportunities for early diagnosis of MDD and the development of novel diagnostic targets.


Assuntos
Experimentação Animal , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Depressão , Biomarcadores , Metabolômica/métodos
12.
Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol ; 262(1): 121-132, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37401934

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the associations of corneal biomechanical properties as measured by the Corvis ST with refractive errors and ocular biometry in an unselected sample of young adults. METHODS: A total of 1645 healthy university students underwent corneal biomechanical parameters measurement by the Corvis ST. The refractive status of the participants was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia. Ocular biometric parameters were measured using the IOL Master. RESULTS: After adjusting for the effect of age, sex, biomechanical-corrected intraocular pressure and central corneal thickness, axial length was significantly associated with A1 velocity (A1v, ß = -10.47), A2 velocity (A2v, ß = 4.66), A2 deflection amplitude (A2DeflA, ß = -6.02), HC deflection amplitude (HC-DeflA, ß = 5.95), HC peak distance (HC-PD, ß = 2.57), deformation amplitude ratio max (DA Rmax, ß = -0.36), Ambrósio's relational thickness to the horizontal profile (ARTh, ß = 0.002). For axial length / corneal radius ratio, only A1v (ß = -2.01), A1 deflection amplitude (A1DeflA, ß = 2.30), HC-DeflA (ß = 1.49), HC-PD (ß = -0.21), DA Rmax (ß = 0.07), stress-strain index (SSI, ß = -0.29), ARTh (ß < 0.001) were significant associates. A1v (ß = 23.18), HC-DeflA (ß = -15.36), HC-PD (ß = 1.27), DA Rmax (ß = -0.66), SSI (ß = 3.53), ARTh (ß = -0.02) were significantly associated with spherical equivalent. CONCLUSION: Myopic eyes were more likely to have more deformable corneas and corneas in high myopia were easier to deform and were even softer compared with those in the mild/moderate myopia.


Assuntos
Córnea , Miopia , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Refração Ocular , Pressão Intraocular , Tonometria Ocular , Miopia/diagnóstico , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
13.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 108(2): 167-174, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36754586

RESUMO

AIMS: To identify potential risk factors for myopia in children and adolescents and assess the credibility of each evidence, providing reference for the development of myopia prevention strategies. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Web of Science and Embase databases from inception to April 2022 to find systematic reviews or meta-analyses investigating the relationship between potential risk factors and myopia, and conducted an umbrella review. We recalculated the pooled effect sizes and 95% CIs of each potential risk factor through random-effects model, and reported its 95% prediction interval and between-study heterogeneity. Small-study effect and excess of significance bias were assessed to reveal potential publication bias. RESULTS: Twelve publications were included in this umbrella review, including eight meta-analyses and four qualitative systematic reviews. Twenty-two factors were identified, of which 16 were analysed quantitatively. Ten factors showed statistically significant association with myopia. Myopia in one or two parents and per additional hour of time spend outdoors per week were rated as highly suggestive evidence. Near work and gender were evaluated as suggestive evidence. The other five factors are weak evidence. CONCLUSIONS: We found several risk factors for myopia with different levels of evidence, of which parental myopia presented the strongest association with myopia in children and adolescents. Our findings contribute to a better understanding of the association between potential risk factors and myopia among children and adolescents and are important for informing parenting, education, clinical practice guidelines and public health policy. PROSPERO TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42022333053.


Assuntos
Miopia , Criança , Humanos , Adolescente , Fatores de Risco , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/prevenção & controle , Escolaridade
14.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 12(12): 13, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085247

RESUMO

Purpose: Eye movement has been frequently studied in clinical conditions, but the association with myopia has been less explored, especially in population-based samples. The purpose of this study was to assess the associations of eye movement measured by the Corvis ST with refractive status in healthy university students. Methods: A total of 1640 healthy students were included in the study (19.0 ± 0.9 years). Eye movement parameters (whole eye movement [WEM]; whole eye movement time [WEMT]) were measured by the Corvis ST. Spherical equivalent (SE) was measured using an autorefractor without cycloplegia. IOL Master was used to assess axial length (AL). Results: AL was negatively correlated with WEM and WEMT (rWEM = -0.28, rWEMT = -0.08), and SE was positively correlated with WEM and WEMT (rWEM = 0.21, rWEMT = 0.14). For the risk of high myopia, breakpoint analysis and restricted cubic spline model showed that the knots of the significant steep downward trend of WEM and WEMT were 0.27 mm and 20.4 ms, respectively. The piecewise linear regression model revealed a significant correlation between AL, SE, and WEM when the value of WEM was below 0.27 mm. Additionally, when WEMT exceeded 20.4 ms, a significant decrease in AL and an increase in SE were observed with increasing WEMT. Conclusions: A larger distance and longer duration of eye movement were correlated with a lower degree of myopia and shorter AL, and there was a threshold effect. Translational Relevance: The findings might aid in understanding the pathogenesis of myopia and provide a theoretical foundation for clinical diagnosis and prediction.


Assuntos
Movimentos Oculares , Miopia , Humanos , Universidades , Córnea , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/epidemiologia , Estudantes
15.
Eye (Lond) ; 2023 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37853107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the comparative efficacy of current interventions for the prevention of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature infants. METHODS: A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies from their inception to May 5, 2022. Publications were eligible for our study if they were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving preterm infants at <37 weeks of gestational age and reported the incidence of any-stage ROP treated with the interventions of interest. The overall effect was pooled using the random effects model. RESULTS: We identified 106 RCTs (involving 23894 participants). This NMA showed that vitamin A supplementation markedly reduced the incidence of ROP, in comparison with placebo (odds ratio [OR] = 0.59, 95% credible interval [95% CrI] 0.33, 0.85), fish oil-based lipid emulsion (OR = 0.57, 95% CrI 0.24, 0.90), early erythropoietin (OR = 0.51, 95% CrI 0.34, 0.98), probiotics (OR = 0.48, 95% CrI 0.32, 0.97), and human milk (OR = 0.50, 95% CrI 0.21, 0.78). Vitamin A supplementation has the highest probability of being the best option for reducing the ROP risk compared with the other 20 interventions based on its surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) value (SUCRA = 92.50%, 95% CrI 0.71, 1.00). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that among 21 interventions, vitamin A supplementation might be the best method of preventing ROP. This NMA offers an important resource for further efforts to develop preventive strategies for ROP.

16.
J Glaucoma ; 32(11): 954-961, 2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37671508

RESUMO

PRCIS: There was a significant inverse linear relationship between age at menopause and open angle glaucoma (OAG). Late menarche (≥13 y) and a history of 5 or more deliveries were significantly associated with an increased risk of OAG. PURPOSE: To determine the association between reproductive factors including age at menarche, age at menopause, reproductive period, parity, and the risk of OAG in women. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched until February 9, 2022. Studies were included if they assessed the association between reproductive factors and OAG. The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with relevant 95% CIs were extracted and pooled using fixed-effects models. Besides, we conducted dose-response analyses via the generalized least squares for trend method. RESULTS: Seven articles including 18,618 women were identified in this review. The pooled results indicated that late age at menarche (≥13 y) was significantly associated with an increased risk of OAG (OR=1.76, 95% CI: 1.28, 2.43). Early menopause (<45 y) also significantly elevated the risk of OAG (OR=1.89, 95% CI: 1.23, 2.90) in categorical meta-analyses, consistent with the inverse linear relationship between menopausal age and the risk of OAG in dose-response analyses ( P =0.002). In addition, women who had delivered at least 5 children were at significantly higher risk of OAG compared with those nulliparous (OR=2.35, 95% CI: 1.02, 5.39), and a J-shape relationship between parity and OAG was observed in dose-response analyses ( P <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Late menarche (≥13 y), early menopause (<45 y), and a history of 5 or more parturitions are possible risk factors for OAG. Longitudinal studies are warranted to further examine the relationships between reproductive factors and the risk of OAG.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Gravidez , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/diagnóstico , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/epidemiologia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/etiologia , Pressão Intraocular , História Reprodutiva , Paridade , Menopausa/fisiologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Optom Vis Sci ; 100(9): 606-613, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37747945

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: This study summarized primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG)-related factors across different dimensions. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed at systematically summarizing the associated factors of PACG in published literatures. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted by searching the electronic databases including PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science from their inception to November 2021. The pooled risk estimates of continuous and categorical variables were calculated using weighted mean difference (WMD) and odds ratio (OR; 95% confidence intervals [CIs]), respectively. RESULTS: We included 45 studies in this review. In the meta-analysis, intraocular pressure (WMD, 3.13; 95% CI, 2.37 to 3.89), anterior chamber depth (WMD, -0.52; 95% CI, -0.70 to -0.34), axial length (WMD, -0.77; 95% CI, -1.26 to -0.28), retinal nerve fiber layer (WMD, -21.23; 95% CI, -30.21 to -12.25), and spherical equivalent (WMD, 1.02; 95% CI, 0.66 to 1.38) were the most common ophthalmic anatomic factors, and lower body weight (WMD, -3.65; 95% CI, -6.48 to -0.82) was the most significant general morphological indicators. The presence of cataract (OR, 3.77; 95% CI, 3.46 to 4.11) and hyperlipidemia (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.20) were significantly associated with PACG. Increased level of triglyceride (WMD, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.06 to 0.27) was associated with PACG. In addition, an association between short-term antidepressant exposure (OR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.08 to 1.70) and acute angle-closure glaucoma was observed. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS OF KEY FINDINGS: This review identified a few consistent factors related to PACG, providing important information for primary care physicians, general ophthalmologists, and public health professionals to counsel their patients on PACG risks.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Humanos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/epidemiologia , Pressão Intraocular , Tonometria Ocular , Doença Aguda , Fatores de Risco
18.
J Affect Disord ; 340: 476-481, 2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37579886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the iris colour might be a useful biomarker in predicting emotional health status. We aimed to examine the relationship of iris colour with subjective emotional status in a sample of Chinese adolescents aged 13 to 14 years. METHODS: A total of 2346 students from ten middle schools in Mojiang participated the examination. The emotional health status was measured by the adolescent self-reported PedsQL 4.0. We obtained standardized slit-lamp photographs and developed a grading system assessing iris colour (higher grade denoting darker). Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the relationship between iris colour and emotional status. RESULTS: The trend of decreasing negative emotional status with darker iris colour was significantly. Compared with grades 1 and 2 of iris colour, the students with grades 4 and 5 had less negative emotional status (ORfear = 0.56, 95 % CI: 0.41, 0.76; ORsadness = 0.67, 95 % CI: 0.49, 0.92; ORanger = 0.71, 95 % CI: 0.52, 0.98). In addition, the trend did not change after adjusting for potential confounders, including height, waist circumstance, sleep habits and computer times in logistic regression models. LIMITATIONS: Only negative emotional indexes were selected as evaluative materials, it is unclear whether the pattern found in the present study also exists with regard to positive emotional indexes, such as happiness. CONCLUSION: Darker iris colour might be associated with less negative emotional status in Chinese adolescents.


Assuntos
Emoções , Cor de Olho , Iris , Adolescente , Humanos , População do Leste Asiático , Modelos Logísticos
19.
J Affect Disord ; 340: 290-298, 2023 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37567346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that having noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) is strongly associated with depressive symptoms in elderly people; however, the mechanisms of this association are not fully understood. This study aims to investigate whether perceived social support (PSS) mediates the effect of NCDs on depressive symptoms and whether these relationships differ depending on where middle-aged and elderly people live. METHODS: The study population was from the psychology and behavior investigation of Chinese residents (PBICR). A total of 8732 people aged 45 and older were included in the hypothetical modulated model. Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS) and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were used to evaluate PSS and depressive symptoms. RESULTS: NCDs were positively related to depressive symptoms (ß = 0.81, p < 0.01) and indirectly mediated through PSS (ß = 0.08). Residency moderated the relationship between NCDs and PSS (ß = -0.16, p < 0.01) and between NCDs and depressive symptoms (ß = 0.29, p < 0.01). Specifically, the effect of NCDs on PSS and depressive symptoms was greater in rural middle-aged and older adults. CONCLUSIONS: NCDs raise the risk of depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Chinese, with PSS playing a partially protective role. In addition, the area of residence moderated the connection between the number of NCDs and PSS, NCDs, and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older adults.


Assuntos
Depressão , População do Leste Asiático , Características de Residência , Apoio Social , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica , Depressão/epidemiologia
20.
Qual Life Res ; 32(11): 3279-3289, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37395987

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Fall is a serious health hazard to older adults. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between falls and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in mainland China. METHODS: Data from 4579 Chinese community-dwelling older adults was analyzed. Data of falls was self-reported by participants, the HRQOL of older adults was measured by the 3-Level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-3L, 3L). Regression models were built to explore the associations of falls (experience and frequency) with the 3L data (index score, EQ-VAS score and health problems). The potential interaction effects between falls and gender on HRQOL were assessed using a likelihood ratio test, sex-stratified analysis was also performed to separately investigate the associations in men and women. RESULTS: A total of 368 (8.0%) participants had the experience of fall during the last year. Falls (experience and frequency) were significantly related to EQ-5D-3L index and EQ-VAS scores, fall experience contributed to pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression problems, while fall frequency was associated with physical-related problems and pain/discomfort. Significant interactions between falls and sex in several EQ-5D measures were also observed, and men had lager magnitude of associations than women. CONCLUSION: Falls were negative associated with overall HRQOL as well as separate HRQOL dimensions among older adults. It also appears that the HRQOL influence on older men is more evident than older women.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Vida Independente , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China , População do Leste Asiático , Nível de Saúde , Dor , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos
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