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1.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 34552-34564, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809242

RESUMO

The composite substrate composed of precious metal, semiconductor and graphene has not only high sensitivity and uniform Raman signal but also stable chemical properties, which is one of the important topics in the field of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). In this paper, a sandwich SERS substrate based on tantalum oxide (Ta2O5) is designed and fabricated. The substrate has high sensitivity, stable performance and high quantification capability. The composite substrate can achieve a high sensitivity Raman detection of crystal violet (CV) with a detection limit of 10-11 M and an enhancement factor of 1.5 × 109. This is the result of the synergistic effect of electromagnetic enhancement and chemical enhancement, in which the chemical enhancement is the cooperative charge transfer in the system composed of probe molecules, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and Ta2O5, and the electromagnetic enhancement comes from the strong local surface plasmon resonance between the adjacent AgNPs. After exposing the composite substrate to the air for one month, the Raman signal did not weaken, indicating that the performance of the composite substrate is stable. In addition, there is an excellent linear relationship between the intensity of Raman characteristic peak and the concentration of probe molecules, which proves that the composite substrate has high quantification capability. In practical application, the composite SERS substrate can be used to detect harmful malachite green quickly and sensitively and has a broad application prospect in the field of food safety and chemical analysis.

2.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 26: 970-986, 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760339

RESUMO

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction is associated with an accumulation of neurotoxic molecules and increased infiltration of peripheral cells within the brain parenchyma. Accruing evidence suggests that microglia and astrocytes play a crucial role in the recovery of BBB integrity and the corralling of infiltrating cells into clusters after brain damage, but the mechanisms involved remain unclear. Intriguingly, the results of flow cytometry and immunofluorescence analyses have shown that BBB permeability to peripheral cells is substantially enhanced during normal aging at 12 months in mice. Thus, we used the SMART-seq2 method to perform RNA sequencing of microglia and astrocytes at five time points before and immediately after the BBB permeability change. Our comprehensive analyses revealed that microglia are characterized by marked alterations in the negative regulation of protein phosphorylation and phagocytic vesicles, whereas astrocytes show elevated enzyme or peptidase-inhibitor activity in the recovery of BBB function. Moreover, we identified a cassette of key genes that might ameliorate the insults of pathophysiological events in aging and neurodegenerative disease.

3.
Front Oncol ; 11: 758856, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760705

RESUMO

Objective: Gliomas are the most aggressive intracranial tumors accounting for the vast majority of brain tumors with very poor prognosis and overall survival (OS). Cancer-derived immunoglobulin G (cancer-IgG) has been found to be widely expressed in several malignancies such as breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and lung cancer. Cancer-IgG could promote tumorigenesis and progression. However, its role in glioma has not been revealed yet. Methods: We mined open databases including the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) to study the role of IGHG1, which encodes cancer-IgG in glioma. Examination of the differential expression of IGHG1 was carried out in the GEO and TCGA databases. Furthermore, its expression in different molecular subtypes was analyzed. Stratified analysis was performed with clinical features. Subsequently, immune infiltration analysis was conducted using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA). GSEA was performed to reveal the mechanisms of IGHG1. Lastly, immunohistochemistry was processed to validate our findings. Results: In this study, we found that the expression of IGHG1 was higher in glioma and molecular subtypes with poor prognosis. The overall survival of patients with a high expression of IGHG1 was worse in the stratified analysis. Immune infiltration analysis indicated that the expression level of IGHG1 was positively correlated with the stromal score, ESTIMATE score, and immune score and negatively correlated with tumor purity. Results from the GSEA and DAVID demonstrated that IGHG1 may function in phagosome, antigen processing and presentation, extracellular matrix structural constituent, antigen binding, and collagen-containing extracellular matrix. Finally, immunohistochemistry assay validated our findings that patients with a high expression of cancer-IgG had poor OS and disease-free survival (DFS). Conclusion: Cancer-IgG is a promising biomarker of diagnosis and treatment for patients with glioma.

4.
Int Dent J ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34785063

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to examine changes in the number of patient visits and types of oral services in an oral emergency department from the beginning to the control stage of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Beijing. METHODS: The numbers of daily oral emergency visits from January 20 to March 24, 2020, at a dental university hospital in Beijing and daily newly confirmed COVID-19 cases in Beijing during the same period were collected and analysed. All oral emergency patient information (including sex, age, and oral diagnosis) was also collected and analysed. Patients with incomplete medical data were excluded. RESULTS: In total, 12,416 patients were included in this study. The number of daily emergency visits was negatively correlated with the number of newly confirmed local COVID-19 cases in Beijing (P < .001). The number of daily emergency visits during the COVID-19 stable period in Beijing was greater than that during the outbreak period (P < .001). Compared to those in the COVID-19 outbreak period, the percentages of females, children and adolescents, patients with acute toothache, and patients with nonurgent cases were higher in the stable period, and the numbers of patients with toothache, trauma, infection, and nonemergency conditions increased in the COVID-19 stable period (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 significantly influenced the number of patient visits and the percentages of patients with oral emergency situations in the oral emergency department. There were obvious differences in treatment seeking for oral emergencies between the COVID-19 periods in Beijing. There was an inverse relationship between daily oral emergency visits and daily confirmed COVID-19 cases in Beijing.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5393-5402, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738443

RESUMO

To study the active chemical components and mechanism of Liangfu Dropping Pills in treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. The UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS method was employed to analyze the components of Liangfu Dropping Pills in plasma. The protein targets of the absorbed compounds were predicted in the TCMSP database and the SwissTargetPrediction database. The targets associated with gastrointestinal diseases were collected from OMIM, CTD, GeneCards, and DrugBank. The common target genes between components and diseases were screened out for the building of protein-protein interaction(PPI) network in the STRING database. Metascape was used to carry out gene ontology(GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. Cytoscape was employed to construct the PPI network diagram and absorbed component-target network diagram. The molecular docking between the components absorbed in blood and potential key targets was performed by AutoDock vina 4.2.6 to screen and verify the main active components and targets. Twelve chemcial components were identified in Liangfu Dropping Pills, in which four components were absorbed in blood, including galangin, rhamnocitrin, galangin 3-methyl ether, and α-cyperone. These components acted on 189 common targets which were mainly involved in the cell responses to nitrogen compounds, organic cyclic compounds, and hormones, and enriched in the PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway, Foxo signaling pathway, and IL-17 signaling pathway. Molecular docking results showed that the four components had strong affinity with core targets. The material basis of Liangfu Dropping Pills treating gastrointestinal diseases may be galangin, rhamnocitrin, galangin 3-methyl ether, and α-cyperone. This study provides a theoretical basis for further development and application of Liangfu Dripping Pills.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Gastroenteropatias , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais
6.
EMBO Rep ; : e53166, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779554

RESUMO

Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) functions as a key sensor for microbial invasion and cellular damage by detecting emerging cytosolic DNA. Here, we report that GTPase-activating protein-(SH3 domain)-binding protein 1 (G3BP1) primes cGAS for its prompt activation by engaging cGAS in a primary liquid-phase condensation state. Using high-resolution microscopy, we show that in resting cells, cGAS exhibits particle-like morphological characteristics, which are markedly weakened when G3BP1 is deleted. Upon DNA challenge, the pre-condensed cGAS undergoes liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) more efficiently. Importantly, G3BP1 deficiency or its inhibition dramatically diminishes DNA-induced LLPS and the subsequent activation of cGAS. Interestingly, RNA, previously reported to form condensates with cGAS, does not activate cGAS. Accordingly, we find that DNA - but not RNA - treatment leads to the dissociation of G3BP1 from cGAS. Taken together, our study shows that the primary condensation state of cGAS is critical for its rapid response to DNA.

7.
Evol Bioinform Online ; 17: 11769343211050067, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671178

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) in plants are essential for understanding the regulation of biological processes. Although high-throughput technologies have been widely used to identify PPIs, they are usually laborious, expensive, and suffer from high false-positive rates. Therefore, it is imperative to develop novel computational approaches as a supplement tool to detect PPIs in plants. In this work, we presented a method, namely DST-RoF, to identify PPIs in plants by combining an ensemble learning classifier-Rotation Forest (RoF) with discrete sine transformation (DST). Specifically, plant protein sequence is firstly converted into Position-Specific Scoring Matrix (PSSM). Then, the discrete sine transformation was employed to extract effective features for obtaining the evolutionary information of proteins. Finally, these optimal features were fed into the RoF classifier for training and prediction. When performed on the plant datasets Arabidopsis, Rice, and Maize, DST-RoF yielded high prediction accuracy of 82.95%, 88.82%, and 93.70%, respectively. To further evaluate the prediction ability of our approach, we compared it with 4 state-of-the-art classifiers and 3 different feature extraction methods. Comprehensive experimental results anticipated that our method is feasible and robust for predicting potential plant-protein interacted pairs.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The dynamic adaptive immune responses elicited by the inactivated virus vaccine, CoronaVac, remain elusive. METHODS: In a prospective cohort of 100 SARS-CoV-2 naïve healthcare professionals who received two doses of CoronaVac, we analyzed SARS-CoV-2-specific humoral and cellular responses at four different timepoints, including before vaccination (T1), 2 weeks after the first dose (T2), 2 weeks after the booster dose (T3), and 8-10 weeks post the booster dose (T4). SARS-CoV-2-specific antibodies, serum neutralizing activities, peripheral B cells, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells, and their memory subsets were simultaneously measured in this cohort. RESULTS: SARS-CoV-2 Spike-specific IgG responses reached the peak (geometric mean titer [GMT] 54827, 30969-97065) after two doses and rapidly declined (GMT 502, 212-1190) at T4, whereas suboptimal IgA responses were detected (GMT 5, 2-9). Spike-specific circulating B cells (0.60%, 0.46-0.73% of total B cells) and memory B cells (1.18%, 0.92-1.44% of total memory B cells) were effectively induced at T3 and sustained over time (0.33%, 0.23-0.43%; 0.87%, 0.05-1.67%, respectively). SARS-CoV-2-specific circulating CD4+ T cells (0.57%, 0.47-0.66%) and CD8+ T cells (1.29%, 1.04-1.54%) were detected at T3. At T4, 0.78% (0.43-1.20%) of memory CD4+ T cells and 0.68% (0.29-1.30%) of memory CD8+ T cells were identified as SARS-CoV-2 specific, while 0.62% (0.51-0.75%) of CD4+ T cells and 0.47% (0.38-0.58%) of CD8+ T cells were SARS-CoV-2 specific terminally differentiated effector memory cells. Furthermore, age and interval between doses affected the magnitude of CoronaVac induced immune responses. SARS-CoV-2 memory CD4+ T cells was strongly associated with both RBD-specific memory B cells (r=0.87, p<0.0001) and SARS-CoV-2 specific memory CD8+ T cells (r=0.48, p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: CoronaVac induced robust circulating and memory B cells and T cell responses. Our study offers new insight into the underlying immunobiology of inactivated virus vaccines in humans and may have implications for vaccine strategies in the future.

9.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 705943, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34646839

RESUMO

Purpose: To estimate whether the city-specific lockdown in Shanghai induced by the COVID-19 pandemic affected preterm birth rates among uninfected pregnant women in different trimesters. Methods: The population-based retrospective cohort study was conducted in the International Peace Maternity and Child Health Hospital (IPMCH) in Shanghai, China. Pregnant women without COVID-19 received perinatal healthcare during lockdown (from January 24, 2020 to March 24, 2020) and non-lockdown (from January 24, 2019 to March 24, 2019) period and giving birth to a live infant at IPMCH were enrolled. 1:1 propensity score matching and Inverse probability of treatment weighting were used to evaluate preterm birth (<37 weeks), very preterm birth (<34 weeks), preterm birth with premature rupture of membranes (PROM-PTB), spontaneous preterm birth with intact membranes (S-PTB), and medically induced preterm birth (MI-PTB) between two groups. Results: 8,270 pregnant women were in the lockdown group, and 9,815 were in the non-lockdown group. Pregnant women in second trimester during lockdown had a higher risk of PTB than those during the non-lockdown period [OR: 1.43 (CI 1.01-2.02), ARD: 1.7% (CI 0.04-3.4%), p = 0.045]. Furthermore, pregnant women in third trimester during lockdown had a higher risk of PROM-PTB than those during the non-lockdown period [OR: 1.64 (CI 1.09-2.47), ARD: 0.9% (CI 0.2-1.6%), p = 0.02]; no group differences were found related to rates of VPTB, S-PTB or MI-PTB. Conclusion: In this cohort study in China, we found that there was an increased risk in preterm birth for non-infected women in COVID-19 lockdown who were in their second trimester.

10.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668130

RESUMO

Theionarchaea is a recently described archaeal class within the Euryarchaeota. While it is widely distributed in sediment ecosystems, little is known about its metabolic potential and ecological features. Here, we used metagenomics and metatranscriptomics to characterize 12 theionarchaeal metagenome-assembled genomes, which were further divided into two subgroups, from coastal mangrove sediments of China and seawater columns of the Yap Trench. Genomic analysis revealed that apart from the canonical sulfhydrogenase, Theionarchaea harbor genes encoding heliorhodopsin, group 4 [NiFe]-hydrogenase, and flagellin, in which genes for heliorhodopsin and group 4 [NiFe]-hydrogenase were transcribed in mangrove sediment. Further, the theionarchaeal substrate spectrum may be broader than previously reported as revealed by metagenomics and metatranscriptomics, and the potential carbon substrates include detrital proteins, hemicellulose, ethanol, and CO2. The genes for organic substrate metabolism (mainly detrital protein and amino acid metabolism genes) have relatively higher transcripts in the top sediment layers in mangrove wetlands. In addition, co-occurrence analysis suggested that the degradation of these organic compounds by Theionarchaea might be processed in syntrophy with fermenters (e.g., Chloroflexi) and methanogens. Collectively, these observations expand the current knowledge of the metabolic potential of Theionarchaea, and shed light on the metabolic strategies and roles of these archaea in the marine ecosystems.

11.
Front Genet ; 12: 745228, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616437

RESUMO

Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) in plants play an essential role in the regulation of biological processes. However, traditional experimental methods are expensive, time-consuming, and need sophisticated technical equipment. These drawbacks motivated the development of novel computational approaches to predict PPIs in plants. In this article, a new deep learning framework, which combined the discrete Hilbert transform (DHT) with deep neural networks (DNN), was presented to predict PPIs in plants. To be more specific, plant protein sequences were first transformed as a position-specific scoring matrix (PSSM). Then, DHT was employed to capture features from the PSSM. To improve the prediction accuracy, we used the singular value decomposition algorithm to decrease noise and reduce the dimensions of the feature descriptors. Finally, these feature vectors were fed into DNN for training and predicting. When performing our method on three plant PPI datasets Arabidopsis thaliana, maize, and rice, we achieved good predictive performance with average area under receiver operating characteristic curve values of 0.8369, 0.9466, and 0.9440, respectively. To fully verify the predictive ability of our method, we compared it with different feature descriptors and machine learning classifiers. Moreover, to further demonstrate the generality of our approach, we also test it on the yeast and human PPI dataset. Experimental results anticipated that our method is an efficient and promising computational model for predicting potential plant-protein interacted pairs.

12.
Appl Opt ; 60(23): 6989-6999, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34613182

RESUMO

To determine the methods of color measurement and color-difference calculation for holographic prints with light pillars, 94 pairs of holographic prints constituted by 17 different products were collected. A set of color-difference comparison experiments was organized by 64 observers with normal color vision, and a total of 86 groups of visual judgments were gathered. The CIELAB and CIEDE2000 color-difference values were calculated on the basis of the analysis of the microstructures of gratings distributed on the holographic paper. The performances of the original formulas were evaluated in terms of the standardized residual sum of squares index, and then they were optimized considering the power function effects (a, b factors) together with a contribution from lightness (kL factor). Meanwhile, the color-difference threshold of the holographic prints was estimated with a goal to minimize the number of wrong decision in the visual experiment; therefore, the values were set as 2.50 and 2.00 for the original CIELAB and CIEDE2000 with the consistency of 91.5% and 98.9%, respectively. The results can also provide guidance to evaluate the color quality of the holographic prints with light pillars in the packaging and printing industries.

13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 698278, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34631528

RESUMO

Background: Glioma is the most frequent brain malignancy presenting very poor prognosis and high recurrence rate. Focal adhesion complexes play pivotal roles in cell migration and act as hubs of several signaling pathways. Methods: We used bioinformatic databases (CGGA, TCGA, and GEO) and identified a focal adhesion-related differential gene expression (FADG) signature by uniCox and LASSO regression analysis. We calculated the risk score of every patient using the regression coefficient value and expression of each gene. Survival analysis, receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), principal component analysis (PCA), and stratified analysis were used to validate the FADG signature. Then, we conducted GSEA to identify the signaling pathways related to the FADG signature. Correlation analysis of risk scores between the immune checkpoint was performed. In addition, the correlation of risk scores and genes related with DNA repair was performed. CIBERSORT and ssGSEA were used to explore the tumor microenvironment (TME). A nomogram that involved our FADG signature was also constructed. Results: In total, 1,726 (528 patients diagnosed with WHO II, 591 WHO III, and 603 WHO IV) cases and 23 normal samples were included in our study. We identified 29 prognosis-related genes in the LASSO analysis and constructed an eight FADG signature. The results from the survival analysis, stratified analysis, ROC curve, and univariate and multivariate regression analysis revealed that the prognosis of the high-risk group was significantly worse than the low-risk group. Correlation analysis between risk score and genes that related with DNA repair showed that the risk score was positively related with BRCA1, BRCA2, RAD51, TGFB1, and TP53. Besides, we found that the signature could predict the prognosis of patients who received radiation therapy. SsGSEA indicated that the high-risk score was positively correlated with the ESTIMATE, immune, and stromal scores but negatively correlated with tumor purity. Notably, patients in the high-risk group had a high infiltration of immunocytes. The correlation analysis revealed that the risk score was positively correlated with B7-H3, CTLA4, LAG3, PD-L1, and TIM3 but inversely correlated with PD-1. Conclusion: The FADG signature we constructed could provide a sensitive prognostic model for patients with glioma and contribute to improve immunotherapy management guidelines.

14.
Heart Vessels ; 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34694442

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the variability of dabigatran plasma concentration and the association with clinical events in Chinese patients treated with dabigatran etexilate (DE) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The steady-state concentration of dabigatran (the active metabolite of DE) was determined at trough and peak. The effect of dabigatran concentration variability and related factors on clinical outcomes were explored. Data from 86 patients receiving a fixed dose of 110 mg showed that dabigatran trough concentration varied remarkably. Age, BMI and history of heart failure were identified as important covariates for dabigatran trough concentration. Dabigatran trough concentration (P = 0.002) and history of hypertension (P = 0.012) scores were identified as key factors for predicting the risk of bleeding events. Dabigatran trough concentration, affected by Age, BMI and history of heart failure, may serve as an independent risk factor for bleeding events in Chinese patients treated with DE for NVAF.

15.
Life (Basel) ; 11(10)2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34685406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity or being overweight is a medical condition of abnormal body fat accumulation which is associated with a higher risk of developing metabolic syndrome. The distinct body fat depots on specific parts of the anatomy have unique metabolic properties and different types of regional excessive fat distribution can be a disease hazard. The aim of this study was to identify the metabolome and molecular imaging phenotypes among a young adult population. METHODS: The amount and distribution of fat and lipid metabolites profile in the abdomen, liver, and calf muscles of 46 normal weight, 17 overweight, and 13 obese participants were acquired using MRI and MR spectroscopy (MRS), respectively. The serum metabolic profile was obtained using proton NMR spectroscopy. NMR spectra were integrated into seven integration regions, which reflect relative metabolites. RESULTS: A significant metabolic disorder symptom appeared in the overweight and obese group, and increased lipid deposition occurred in the abdomen, hepatocytes, and muscles that were statistically significant. Overall, the visceral fat depots had a marked influence on dyslipidemia biomarkers, blood triglyceride (r = 0.592, p < 0.001), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (r = -0.484, p < 0.001). Intrahepatocellular lipid was associated with diabetes predictors for hemoglobin (HbA1c%; r = 0.379, p < 0.001) and for fasting blood sugar (r = 0.333, p < 0.05). The lipid signals in serum triglyceride and glucose signals gave similar correspondence to biochemical lipid profiles. CONCLUSIONS: This study proves the association between alteration in metabolome in young adults, which is the key population for early prevention of obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study suggests that dyslipidemia prevalence is influenced mainly by the visceral fat depot, and liver fat depot is a key determinant for glucose metabolism and hyperglycemia. Moreover, noninvasive advanced molecular imaging completely elucidated the impact of fat distribution on the anthropometric and laboratory parameters, especially indices of the metabolic syndrome biomarkers in young adults.

16.
ACS Omega ; 6(37): 24156-24165, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34568694

RESUMO

Plasma-assisted ignition and combustion are promising approaches for controlling ignition enhancement and flame stabilization. The global loosely coupled plasma-assisted combustion kinetic model has been established by combining the ZDPlasKin and ChemKin codes, which is employed to numerically investigate the effects of the inert gas-diluted methane-air nanosecond repetitively pulsed (NRP) plasma on the ignition process. The results indicate that addition of the inert gas is conducive to increasing the chemical reactive species densities in the methane-air NRP discharge plasma. The addition of inert gases affects the generation pathways of plasma species and their corresponding contribution rates. Compared with the methane-air plasma, the dilution of inert gases shows obvious effects on reducing ignition delays, and the dilution of He and Ar decreases the ignition delays by 58.0 and 84.0%, respectively. CH3 + O2 = CH3O + O and H + O2 = O + OH are the dominant conducive reactions in the methane-air ignition chemistry. Moreover, the dilution of inert gases has considerable influences on the normalization sensitivity coefficients, especially for the reaction of H + O2 = O + OH.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4833-4840, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581095

RESUMO

A detection method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) was established to detect concentrations of isoorientin, orientin, quercetin, vitexin and kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside in H9 c2 cells and applied to the pharmacokinetic study of Polygonum orientale extract in the cells. H9 c2 cells were treated with 100 µg·mL~(-1) P. orientale extract and then they and the corresponding nuclei, mitochondria and Golgi bodies were collected at the set time. After protein precipitation, UPLC-MS/MS was used to determine concentrations of isoorientin, orientin, quercetin, vitexin and kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside in the whole cells and subcellular structures. Also, related pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. The results showed that the peak time was 8 h for all these components. Orientin, vitexin, quercetin and isoorientin have high affinities to nuclei and mitochondria, while the affinity of kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside is higher with mitochondria compared to nuclei. It is suggested that these chemical components of P. orientale may mainly act on nuclei or mitochondria to exert pharmacological effects of protecting cardiomyocytes.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Polygonum , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(3): 185-189, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical performance of direct composite restorations using the modified stamp technique (MST) in vivo. METHODS: A total of 30 posterior teeth with undermining caries were randomly divided into two groups and then restored using the MST and conventional technique (CT), respectively. 3D images of the occlusal surface were obtained using an intraoral scanner (CEREC Omnicam, Dentsply Sirona, Charlotte, NC, USA) before and after treatment and the differences between these two 3D images were analysed with reverse engineering software. Statistical analysis was performed using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) combined with a least significant difference (LSD) post hoc test using SPSS 20.0 software (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: The statistical analysis revealed that the average root mean square (RMS) values of best fit alignment errors were significantly different between groups (P < 0.01). The average RMS values in the MST and CT groups were 0.0738 ± 0.0279 and 0.1638 ± 0.0682, respectively. The LSD post hoc test revealed that the value was significant smaller in the MST group than in the CT group. CONCLUSION: The MST was effective in direct composite restoration. The morphological consistency of the occlusal surface using the MST was better than with the CT.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Dente , Resinas Compostas , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Imageamento Tridimensional
19.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 22(1): 48, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aidi Injection (ADI), a Chinese herbal preparation with anti-cancer activity, is used for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Several clinical studies have shown that co-administration of ADI with doxorubicin (DOX) is associated with reduced toxicity of chemotherapy, enhanced clinical efficacy and improved quality of life for patients. However, limited information is available about the herb-drug interactions between ADI and DOX. The study aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetic mechanism of herb-drug interactions between ADI and DOX in a rat model of HCC. METHODS: Experimental HCC was induced in rats by oral administration of diethylnitrosamine. The HCC rats were pretreated with ADI (10 mL/kg, intraperitoneal injection) for 14 consecutive days prior to administration of DOX (7 mg/kg, intravenous injection) to investigate pharmacokinetic interactions. Plasma concentrations of DOX and its major metabolite, doxorubicinol (DOXol), were determined using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). RESULTS: Preadministration of ADI significantly altered the pharmacokinetics of DOX in HCC rats, leading to increased plasma concentrations of both DOX and DOXol. The area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve (AUCs) of DOX and DOXol in rats pretreated with ADI were 3.79-fold and 2.92-fold higher, respectively, than those in control rats that did not receive ADI. CONCLUSIONS: Increased levels of DOX and DOXol were found in the plasma of HCC rats pretreated with ADI.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 100: 108134, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34547679

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6) is a receptor-operated Ca2+ channel that plays an important role in Ca2+ influx in the majority of non-excitable cells and influences calcium signalling and cellular responses. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to gain insight into the role of TRPC6 in the osteogenesis of periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs). By western blot and immunohistochemical staining, the protein level of TRPC6 was found to be increased in a time-dependent manner during osteoblastic differentiation of PDLCs. In addition, the TRPC6 inhibitor SKF96365 was used to block the function of TRPC6 and inhibit osteoblastic differentiation of PDLCs. The TRPC6 activator hyperforin dicyclohexylammonium salt (hyperforin DCHA) was used to activate TRPC6 and promote osteoblastic differentiation of PDLCs. In vivo, wild-type mice showed better bone regeneration than TRPC6-/- mice, suggesting that TRPC6 has notable osteogenic induction properties and is important for bone defect repair. In conclusion, the current data demonstrated that TRPC6 plays a significant role in osteoblastic differentiation of PDLCs, suggesting that it may be a promising therapeutic target in osteogenesis.

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