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1.
Bone Res ; 11(1): 50, 2023 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37752132

RESUMO

Skeletal stem and progenitor cells (SSPCs) perform bone maintenance and repair. With age, they produce fewer osteoblasts and more adipocytes leading to a loss of skeletal integrity. The molecular mechanisms that underlie this detrimental transformation are largely unknown. Single-cell RNA sequencing revealed that Notch signaling becomes elevated in SSPCs during aging. To examine the role of increased Notch activity, we deleted Nicastrin, an essential Notch pathway component, in SSPCs in vivo. Middle-aged conditional knockout mice displayed elevated SSPC osteo-lineage gene expression, increased trabecular bone mass, reduced bone marrow adiposity, and enhanced bone repair. Thus, Notch regulates SSPC cell fate decisions, and moderating Notch signaling ameliorates the skeletal aging phenotype, increasing bone mass even beyond that of young mice. Finally, we identified the transcription factor Ebf3 as a downstream mediator of Notch signaling in SSPCs that is dysregulated with aging, highlighting it as a promising therapeutic target to rejuvenate the aged skeleton.


Assuntos
Adipócitos , Osteogênese , Animais , Camundongos , Osteogênese/genética , Adiposidade , Envelhecimento/genética , Artrodese , Camundongos Knockout , Agitação Psicomotora
2.
JOR Spine ; 6(2): e1245, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37361331

RESUMO

Background: Stabilization procedures of the lumbar spine are routinely performed for various conditions, such as spondylolisthesis and scoliosis. Spine surgery has become even more common, with the incidence rates increasing ~30% between 2004 and 2015. Various solutions to increase the success of lumbar stabilization procedures have been proposed, ranging from the device's geometrical configuration to bone quality enhancement via grafting and, recently, through modified drilling instrumentation. Conventional (manual) instrumentation renders the excavated bony fragments ineffective, whereas the "additive" osseodensification rotary drilling compacts the bone fragments into the osteotomy walls, creating nucleating sites for regeneration. Methods: This study aimed to compare both manual versus rotary Osseodensification (OD) instrumentation as well as two different pedicle screw thread designs in a controlled split animal model in posterior lumbar stabilization to determine the feasibility and potential advantages of each variable with respect to mechanical stability and histomorphology. A total of 164 single thread (82 per thread configuration), pedicle screws (4.5 × 35 mm) were used for the study. Each animal received eight pedicles (four per thread design) screws, which were placed in the lumbar spine of 21 adult sheep. One side of the lumbar spine underwent rotary osseodensification instrumentation, while the contralateral underwent conventional, hand, instrumentation. The animals were euthanized after 6- and 24-weeks of healing, and the vertebrae were removed for biomechanical and histomorphometric analyses. Pullout strength and histologic analysis were performed on all harvested samples. Results: The rotary instrumentation yielded statistically (p = 0.026) greater pullout strength (1060.6 N ± 181) relative to hand instrumentation (769.3 N ± 181) at the 24-week healing time point. Histomorphometric analysis exhibited significantly higher degrees of bone to implant contact for the rotary instrumentation only at the early healing time point (6 weeks), whereas bone area fraction occupancy was statistically higher for rotary instrumentation at both healing times. The levels of soft tissue infiltration were lower for pedicle screws placed in osteotomies prepared using OD instrumentation relative to hand instrumentation, independent of healing time. Conclusion: The rotary instrumentation yielded enhanced mechanical and histologic results relative to the conventional hand instrumentation in this lumbar spine stabilization model.

3.
Development ; 150(6)2023 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36912250

RESUMO

Periosteal stem and progenitor cells (PSPCs) are major contributors to bone maintenance and repair. Deciphering the molecular mechanisms that regulate their function is crucial for the successful generation and application of future therapeutics. Here, we pinpoint Hox transcription factors as necessary and sufficient for periosteal stem cell function. Hox genes are transcriptionally enriched in periosteal stem cells and their overexpression in more committed progenitors drives reprogramming to a naïve, self-renewing stem cell-like state. Crucially, individual Hox family members are expressed in a location-specific manner and their stem cell-promoting activity is only observed when the Hox gene is matched to the anatomical origin of the PSPC, demonstrating a role for the embryonic Hox code in adult stem cells. Finally, we demonstrate that Hoxa10 overexpression partially restores the age-related decline in fracture repair. Together, our data highlight the importance of Hox genes as key regulators of PSPC identity in skeletal homeostasis and repair.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Adultas , Genes Homeobox , Humanos , Adulto , Genes Homeobox/genética , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Células-Tronco , Osso e Ossos
4.
Rev. Rol enferm ; 46(3,supl): 16-21, mar. 2023. tab
Artigo em Português | IBECS | ID: ibc-216893

RESUMO

Enquadramento: A transição parental pode ter um significado relevante na saúde mental dos pais. Facilitar esta transição é uma importante função dos enfermeiros. A informoterapia pode beneficiar tomadas de decisão parentais. Um portal orientado para a promoção das competências parentais administrado pela internet, integrado no plano de cuidados individual, pode promover competências parentais, neste caso, relativamente à segurança do recém-nascido. Objetivos: Definir um modelo de dados relativo às oportunidades de desenvolvimento do conhecimento parental sobre segurança do recém-nascido articulado com a ontologia de enfermagem, definir conteúdos multimédia necessários para uma literacia promotora da transição parental saudável. Metodologia: Análise de conteúdo ao material usado nos cursos de preparação e apoio à parentalidade e gravidez em funcionamento nos anos 2020 e 2021, no âmbito das Unidades de Cuidados na Comunidade dos Centros de Saúde da Boavista e de Paranhos. O processo de análise foi realizado por 3 investigadores sem modelo de análise à priori. Resultados: Relativamente ao conhecimento sobre segurança, foram identificadas duas categorias: segurança rodoviária e segurança não rodoviária. Na categoria segurança rodoviária foram definidas vinte subcategorias do conhecimento. Para cada subcategoria determinaram-se questões a colocar aos pais e o elenco de respostas indicativas de conhecimento facilitador ou potencial para melhorar o conhecimento. Conclusões: O conhecimento associado à transição parental pode ser alterado pela ação do enfermeiro através da informoterapia. O uso da internet mediado pelo enfermeiro pode promover a literacia em saúde como parte do processo de cuidados, facilitando a mestria dos pais e a perceção da sua saúde mental. (AU)


Background: Parental transition can impact parents’ mental health. Facilitating this transition process is an essential role of nurses. Information therapy can benefit parental decision-making. A website oriented towards the promotion of parenting skills administered over the internet, integrated into the individual care plan, can promote parenting skills such as newborn safety. Objectives: To define a data model regarding the opportunities for developing parental knowledge about newborn safety, articulated with a nursing ontology, and to define multimedia content appropriated for literacy that promotes a healthy parental transition. Methodology: A content analysis on the material used in parenting and pregnancy courses was carried out under the scope of Boavista and Paranhos Health Centers in 2020 and 2021. The analysis was performed by three independent researchers without a prior analysis model. Results: In the domain of parents’ knowledge about newborn safety, two categories were identified: newborn safety in traffic and newborn safety other than traffic. In the newborn safety in the traffic category, twenty subcategories of knowledge were identified. For each subcategory, a set of questions were defined to be answered by parents and a set of possible answers that represents accurate knowledge and lack of knowledge on each issue. Conclusions: Parents’ knowledge about newborn safety can be modified by nursing therapeutics using information therapy. Nurse-mediated internet use can promote health literacy as part of the care process by facilitating parents’ mastery and perception of their mental health. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Saúde Mental , Poder Familiar , Medicina na Literatura , Internet , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros
5.
J Orthop Res ; 41(3): 601-613, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35634867

RESUMO

The field of additive manufacturing, 3D printing (3DP), has experienced an exponential growth over the past four decades, in part due to increased accessibility. Developments including computer-aided design and manufacturing, incorporation of more versatile materials, and improved printing techniques/equipment have stimulated growth of 3DP technologies within various industries, but most specifically the medical field. Alternatives to metals including ceramics and polymers have been garnering popularity due to their resorbable properties and physiologic similarity to extracellular matrix. 3DP has the capacity to utilize an assortment of materials and printing techniques for a multitude of indications, each with their own associated benefits. Within the field of medicine, advances in medical imaging have facilitated the integration of 3DP. In particular, the field of orthopedics has been one of the earliest medical specialties to implement 3DP. Current indications include education for patients, providers, and trainees, in addition to surgical planning. Moreover, further possibilities within orthopedic surgery continue to be explored, including the development of patient-specific implants. This review aims to highlight the use of current 3DP technology and materials by the orthopedic community, and includes comments on current trends and future direction(s) within the field.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional , Próteses e Implantes , Polímeros
6.
Bone ; 157: 116324, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34998981

RESUMO

Tissue injury leads to the well-orchestrated mobilization of systemic and local innate and adaptive immune cells. During aging, immune cell recruitment is dysregulated, resulting in an aberrant inflammatory response that is detrimental for successful healing. Here, we precisely define the systemic and local immune cell response after femur fracture in young and aging mice and identify increased toll-like receptor signaling as a potential culprit for the abnormal immune cell recruitment observed in aging animals. Myd88, an upstream regulator of TLR-signaling lies at the core of this aging phenotype, and local treatment of femur fractures with a Myd88 antagonist in middle-aged mice reverses the aging phenotype of impaired fracture healing, thus offering a promising therapeutic target that could overcome the negative impact of aging on bone regeneration.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide , Imunidade Adaptativa , Envelhecimento , Animais , Regeneração Óssea , Consolidação da Fratura , Imunidade Inata , Camundongos , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética
7.
JBI Evid Synth ; 20(5): 1330-1337, 2022 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35066559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This review aims to continuously map the nursing knowledge about people with paresis of voluntary muscles in any context of care. INTRODUCTION: Muscle paresis is a condition that significantly impacts quality of life. Nurses have a crucial role in managing this condition, particularly paresis of voluntary movement muscles. However, nursing knowledge about patients with paresis of voluntary muscles is dispersed, hampering the integration of evidence within the structure of information systems. Mapping how the nursing process components are identified is the first step in creating a Nursing Clinical Information Model for this condition, capable of integrating evidence into information systems. INCLUSION CRITERIA: This scoping review will consider studies focusing on the nursing process regarding people with paresis of voluntary muscles in all care contexts. The review will include quantitative, qualitative, and mixed-methods study designs, systematic reviews, clinical guidelines, dissertations, and theses. METHODS: The review process will follow JBI's scoping review guidance, as well as the Cochrane Collaboration's guidance on living reviews. Screening of new literature will be performed regularly, with the review being updated according to new findings. The search strategy will map published and unpublished studies. The databases to be searched will include MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, JBI Evidence Synthesis , and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Searches for unpublished studies will include OpenGrey and Repositorios Científicos de Acesso Aberto de Portugal. Studies published in English and Portuguese from 1975 will be considered for inclusion. REGISTRATION: Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/d7c9g/.


Assuntos
Processo de Enfermagem , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético , Paresia , Portugal , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
8.
JBI Evid Synth ; 20(1): 164-172, 2022 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34149023

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This review aims to continuously map the nursing knowledge on skin ulcer healing in any context of care. INTRODUCTION: Chronic wounds are an increasing concern for society and health care providers. Pressure ulcers and venous ulcers, among others, have devastating effects on morbidity and quality of life and require a systematic approach. The nursing process is an important method that allows a better organization and overall care quality for a systematic and continuous professional approach to nursing management of skin ulcers. The integration of this nursing knowledge in informatics systems creates an opportunity to embed decision-support models in clinical activity, promoting evidence-based practice. INCLUSION CRITERIA: This scoping review will consider articles on nursing data, diagnosis, interventions, and outcomes focused on people with skin ulcers in all contexts of care. This review will include quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods study designs as well as systematic reviews and dissertations. METHODS: JBI's scoping review guidance, as well as the Cochrane Collaboration's guidance on living reviews, will be followed to meet the review's objective. Screening of new literature will be performed regularly, with the review updated according to new findings. The search strategy will map published and unpublished studies. The databases to be searched include MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, JBI Evidence Synthesis, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PEDro. Searches for unpublished studies will include OpenGrey and Repositórios Científicos de Acesso Aberto de Portugal. Studies published in English and Portuguese since 2010 will be considered for inclusion. SCOPING REVIEW PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/f6s4e/.


Assuntos
Lesão por Pressão , Qualidade de Vida , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Organizações , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
9.
Scand J Caring Sci ; 36(1): 90-99, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599996

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Self-Care Dependency Evaluation Form assesses dependency in performing self-care activities, but its original version is extensive and provides redundant information. The present study aims to scrutinise the items of the scale with the purpose of creating a revised version and to evaluate its psychometric properties. METHODS: The study was conducted in two phases. In the first phase, an exploratory and correctional analysis of the items of the original form was performed from a database with 282 participants, followed by a review by a panel of experts who analysed the discriminatory ability and the contribution and relevance of each item, which resulted in the revised version. In the second phase, a new study with a sample comprising 150 participants was conducted to test the psychometric properties of the revised version. All ethical aspects and matters of confidentiality and privacy were assured. RESULTS: The scale with 27 items shows good internal consistency, ranging from 0.67 (taking medication) to 0.96 (walking). It was moderately correlated with the Barthel Index and the Lawton and Brody Scale, proven to be a discriminatory measurement instrument. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: This measure will enable health professionals to better evaluate self-care activities and provide more efficient, simple and effective prescriptions.


Assuntos
Autocuidado , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Orthop Res ; 39(7): 1463-1469, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369220

RESUMO

Lumbar fusion is a procedure associated with several indications, but screw failure remains a major complication, with an incidence ranging 10% to 50%. Several solutions have been proposed, ranging from more efficient screw geometry to enhance bone quality, conversely, drilling instrumentation have not been thoroughly explored. The conventional instrumentation (regular [R]) techniques render the bony spicules excavated impractical, while additive techniques (osseodensification [OD]) compact them against the osteotomy walls and predispose them as nucleating surfaces/sites for new bone. This work presents a case-controlled split model for in vivo/ex vivo comparison of R vs OD osteotomy instrumentation in posterior lumbar fixation in an ovine model to determine feasibility and potential advantages of the OD drilling technique in terms of mechanical and histomorphology outcomes. Eight pedicle screws measuring 4.5 mm × 45 mm were installed in each lumbar spine of eight adult sheep (four per side). The left side underwent R instrumentation, while the right underwent OD drilling. The animals were killed at 6- and 12-week and the vertebrae removed. Pullout strength and non-decalcified histologic analysis were performed. Significant mechanical stability differences were observed between OD and R groups at 6- (387 N vs 292 N) and 12-week (312 N vs 212 N) time points. Morphometric analysis did not detect significant differences in bone area fraction occupancy between R and OD groups, while it is to note that OD showed increased presence of bone spiculae. Mechanical pullout testing demonstrated that OD drilling provided higher degrees of implant anchoring as a function of time, whereas a significant reduction was observed for the R group.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Animais , Parafusos Ósseos , Feminino , Osteotomia/métodos , Ovinos , Fusão Vertebral/instrumentação
11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(5): 1609-1616, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166496

RESUMO

This study targets the development of a nursing clinical data model for neuromuscular processes. To achieve this purpose, content analysis based on Bardin's perspective was performed on the Portuguese nursing local customizations regarding neuromuscular processes, with the International Classification for Nursing Practice concepts and the ISO 18104:2014 used as encoding rules. From analysis of the data, a total of 1766 diagnoses were related to neuromuscular processes. After application of exclusion criteria, a corpus with a total of 900 diagnoses was subjected to content analysis. After application of the encoding rules, a total of 81 context units were obtained, and through an inductive approach, were defined into three categories: clinical findings (e.g. aphasia); negative judgment diagnoses (e.g. impaired communication); transition properties (e.g. preparation and knowledge). These interpretations were validated by experts in the field. This study not only demonstrates the need to standardize data, but also the importance of neuromuscular processes in nursing practice. We hope this study will guide the definition of a nursing clinical data model that will help in increasing complexity in the level of care provided with high impact in the patient's quality of life.


Assuntos
Modelos de Enfermagem , Doenças Neuromusculares/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Portugal , Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem
12.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 24(5): 1609-1616, Mai. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001810

RESUMO

Abstract This study targets the development of a nursing clinical data model for neuromuscular processes. To achieve this purpose, content analysis based on Bardin's perspective was performed on the Portuguese nursing local customizations regarding neuromuscular processes, with the International Classification for Nursing Practice concepts and the ISO 18104:2014 used as encoding rules. From analysis of the data, a total of 1766 diagnoses were related to neuromuscular processes. After application of exclusion criteria, a corpus with a total of 900 diagnoses was subjected to content analysis. After application of the encoding rules, a total of 81 context units were obtained, and through an inductive approach, were defined into three categories: clinical findings (e.g. aphasia); negative judgment diagnoses (e.g. impaired communication); transition properties (e.g. preparation and knowledge). These interpretations were validated by experts in the field. This study not only demonstrates the need to standardize data, but also the importance of neuromuscular processes in nursing practice. We hope this study will guide the definition of a nursing clinical data model that will help in increasing complexity in the level of care provided with high impact in the patient's quality of life.


Resumo Este estudo tem como objetivo desenvolver um modelo clínico de dados de enfermagem para processos neuromusculares. Uma análise de conteúdo tendo por base a perspetiva de Bardin, foi realizada às parametrizações locais de Enfermagem em Portugal. O processo de codificação teve por base os conceitos da Classificação Internacional para a Prática de Enfermagem e a norma ISSO 18104:2014. Da análise inicial, 1766 diagnósticos encontravam-se relacionados com os processos neuromusculares. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, um corpus de 900 diagnósticos foi sujeito à análise de conteúdo. Após o processo de codificação, 81 unidades de contexto foram obtidas e inseridas, através de processo indutivo, em três categorias: achados clínicos (ex: afasia); diagnósticos com juízo negativo (ex: comunicação comprometida); propriedades de transição (ex: preparação e conhecimento). Estas interpretações foram validadas por peritos na área. Este estudo permitiu evidenciar a importância dos processos neuromusculares, assim como a necessidade de uniformizar os dados. Pretende-se que este estudo oriente a definição de um modelo clínico de dados de Enfermagem que apoiará o aumento da complexidade dos cuidados de Enfermagem prestados, com alto impacto na qualidade de vida da pessoa.


Assuntos
Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Diagnóstico de Enfermagem , Modelos de Enfermagem , Doenças Neuromusculares/diagnóstico , Portugal , Terminologia Padronizada em Enfermagem
13.
Phytother Res ; 31(7): 959-970, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28544038

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) consists of a neurodegenerative pathology that has received a considerable amount of attention because of its clinical manifestations. The most common treatment consists of administering the drugs levodopa and biperiden, which reduce the effectiveness of the disease and the progress of its symptoms. However, phytotherapy treatment of PD has shown great potential in retarding the loss of dopaminergic neurons and minimizing the behavioral abnormalities. The aim of this study is to systematically review the use of supplemental herbal plants with cellular protective effect and behavioral activity in in vivo and in vitro experimental models. A total of 20 studies were summarized, where the effectiveness of herbal extracts and their isolated bioactive compounds was observed in animal models for PD. The main neurochemical mechanisms found in these studies are schematically represented. The herbal extracts and their biocompounds have antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, and antiinflammatory properties, which contribute to avoiding neuronal loss. Reports show that besides acting on the biosynthesis of dopamine and its metabolites, these compounds prevent D2 receptors' hypersensitivity. It is suggested that further studies need be conducted to better understand the mechanisms of action of the bioactive compounds distributed in these plants. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Doença de Parkinson/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dopamina/biossíntese , Antagonistas dos Receptores de Dopamina D2/farmacologia , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
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