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1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(17): 176202, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728725

RESUMO

We present a determination of quasiparticle-phonon interaction strengths at surfaces through measurements of phonon spectra with ultrahigh energy resolution. The lifetimes of low energy surface phonons on a pristine Ru(0001) surface were determined over a wide range of temperatures and an analysis of the temperature dependence enables us to attribute separate contributions from electron-phonon interactions, phonon-phonon interactions, and defect-phonon interactions. Strong electron-phonon interactions are evident at all temperatures and we show they dominate over phonon-phonon interactions below 400 K.

2.
Mol Divers ; 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734868

RESUMO

Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disease that causes inflammation and bone formation in the spine. Despite significant advances in treatment, adverse side effects have triggered research into natural compounds. Epimedium (EP) is a traditional Chinese herb with a variety of pharmacological activities, including antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities; however, its direct effects on AS treatment and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been systematically studied. Thus, here, we used network pharmacology, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics simulations to explore the targets of EP for treating AS. We constructed an interaction network to elucidate the complex relationship between EP and AS. Sixteen active ingredients in EP were screened; 80 potential targets were identified. In particular, 8-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-2-phenylchromone, anhydroicaritin, and luteolin were the core components and TNF, IL-6, IL-1ß, MMP9, and PTGS2 were the core targets. The GO and KEGG analyses indicated that EP may modulate multiple biological processes and pathways, including the AGE-RAGE, TNF, NF-κB/MAPK, and TLR signaling pathways, for AS treatment. Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations showed good affinity between the active components and core targets of EP, with stable binding within 100 nanoseconds. In particular, 8-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)-2-phenylchromone possessed the highest free energy of binding to PTGS2 and TNF (-115.575 and - 87.676 kcal/mol, respectively). Thus, EP may affect AS through multiple pathways, including the alleviation of inflammation, oxidative stress, and immune responses. In summary, we identified the active components and potential targets of EP, highlighting new strategies for the further experimental validation and exploration of lead compounds for treating AS.

3.
Small ; : e2402024, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38766989

RESUMO

The rapidly changing climate is exacerbating the environmental stress that negatively impacts crop health and yield. Timely sensing of plant response to stress is beneficial to timely adjust planting conditions, promoting the healthy growth of plants, and improving plant productivity. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is an important molecule of signal transduction in plants. However, the common methods for detecting H2O2  in plants are associated with certain drawbacks, such as long extraction time, cumbersome steps, dependence on large instruments, and difficulty in realizing in-field sensing. Therefore, it is urgent to establish more efficient detection methods to realize the rapid detection of H2O2 content in plants. In this research, poly (methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid) (PMVE/MA) hydrogel microneedle (MN) patch for rapid extraction of leaf sap are prepared, and the extraction mechanism of PEG-crosslinked PMVE/MA hydrogel MN patch is studied. A method of rapid detection of H2O2 content in plants based on MN patch with optical detection technology is constructed. The hydrogel MN patch can be used for timely H2O2 analysis. This application enables new opportunities in plant engineering, and can be extended to the safety and health monitoring of other plants and animals.

4.
Fitoterapia ; : 106030, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38768795

RESUMO

Four pairs of undescribed enantiomeric guaiane sesquiterpenoids, (±)-alismaenols A-D (1a/1b, 3a/3b-5a/5b), together with a pair of known ones (2a/2b) were isolated from the rhizomes of Alisma plantago-aquatica. The structures and relative configurations of the isolates were established by analysis of their 1D, 2D-NMR and HRESIMS data. Their absolute configurations were determined by comparison of their experimental CD spectra and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra or by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. All compounds (1a/1b-5a/5b) were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and compound 1a exhibited stronger activity (IC50 = 12.89 µM) than indomethacin (IC50 = 14.03 µM).

5.
Mol Breed ; 44(5): 34, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725797

RESUMO

Members of the permease gene family are responsible for important biological functions in the growth and development of rice. Here, we show that OsAAP8 is a constitutive expression gene, and its translated protein is localized on the cell membrane. Mutation of the OsAAP8 can promote the expression of genes related to protein and amylopectin synthesis, and also promote the enlargement of protein bodies in its endosperm, leading to an increase in the protein, amylopectin, and total amino acid content of grains in OsAAP8 mutants. Seeds produced by the OsAAP8 mutant were larger, and the chalkiness traits of the OsAAP8 mutants were significantly reduced, thereby improving the nutritional quality and appearance of rice grains. The OsAAP8 protein is involved in the transport of various amino acids; OsAAP8 mutation significantly enhanced the root absorption of a range of amino acids and might affect the distribution of various amino acids. Therefore, OsAAP8 is an important quality trait gene with multiple biological functions, which provides important clues for the molecular design of breeding strategies for developing new high-quality varieties of rice. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s11032-024-01473-w.

6.
J Chem Phys ; 160(19)2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38757619

RESUMO

The singlet fission process involves the conversion of one singlet excited state into two triplet states, which has significant potential for enhancing the energy utilization efficiency of solar cells. Carotenoid, a typical π conjugated chromophore, exhibits specific aggregate morphologies known to display singlet fission behavior. In this study, we investigate the singlet fission process in lycopene H-aggregates using femtosecond stimulated Raman spectroscopy aided by quantum chemical calculation. The experimental results reveal two reaction pathways that effectively relax the S2 (11Bu+) state populations in lycopene H-aggregates: a monomer-like singlet excited state relaxation pathway through S2 (11Bu+) → 11Bu- → S1 (21Ag-) and a dominant sequential singlet fission reaction pathway involving the S2 (11Bu+) state, followed by S* state, a triplet pair state [1(TT)], eventually leading to a long lifetime triplet state T1. Importantly, the presence of both anionic and cationic fingerprint Raman peaks in the S* state is indicative of a substantial charge-transfer character.

7.
ChemSusChem ; : e202400515, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705848

RESUMO

The construction of nanostructured heterostructure is a potent strategy for achieving high-performance photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting. Among these, constructing BiVO4-based heterostructure stands out as a promising method for optimizing light-harvesting efficiency and reducing severe charge recombination. Herein, we present a novel approach to fabricate a type II heterostructure of core/shell Bi2S3/BiVO4 using electrolytic deposition and successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) methods. We identify the type II heterostructure and the difference in fermi energy using UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and PEC measurements. This redistribution of charges due to the fermi energy difference induces an interfacial built-in electric field from BiVO4 to Bi2S3, reinforcing the photogenerated hole transfer kinetics from BiVO4 to Bi2S3. The Bi2S3/BiVO4 heterostructure exhibits a superior photocurrent (6.0 mA cm-2), enhanced charge separation efficiency (85%), and higher open-circuit photovoltage (350 mV). Additionally, the heterostructure displays a prolonged average lifetime of charge (1.63 ns), verifying this heterojunction could boost interfacial carriers' migration via an additional nonradiative quenching pathway. Furthermore, the lower photoluminescence (PL) intensity demonstrates the interfacial built-in electric field is beneficial for boosting charge migration.

8.
Front Neurosci ; 18: 1356241, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38694903

RESUMO

Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental condition characterized by impairments in motor skills, communication, emotional expression, and social interaction. Accurate diagnosis of ASD remains challenging due to the reliance on subjective behavioral observations and assessment scales, lacking objective diagnostic indicators. Methods: In this study, we introduced a novel approach for diagnosing ASD, leveraging T1-based gray matter and ASL-based cerebral blood flow network metrics. Thirty preschool-aged patients with ASD and twenty-two typically developing (TD) individuals were enrolled. Brain network features, including gray matter and cerebral blood flow metrics, were extracted from both T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ASL images. Feature selection was performed using statistical t-tests and Minimum Redundancy Maximum Relevance (mRMR). A machine learning model based on random vector functional link network was constructed for diagnosis. Results: The proposed approach demonstrated a classification accuracy of 84.91% in distinguishing ASD from TD. Key discriminating network features were identified in the inferior frontal gyrus and superior occipital gyrus, regions critical for social and executive functions in ASD patients. Discussion: Our study presents an objective and effective approach to the clinical diagnosis of ASD, overcoming the limitations of subjective behavioral observations. The identified brain network features provide insights into the neurobiological mechanisms underlying ASD, potentially leading to more targeted interventions.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702174

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the clinical effects, safety, and recovery associated with minimally invasive pneumocystoscopic ureterovesical reimplantation (Cohen) compared to open surgery for treating lower ureteral lesions in children. Methods: The data of 60 sick children with lower ureteral lesions were retrospectively analyzed, who underwent ureterovesical reimplantation in our hospital from January 2017 to June 2022. All of them went through a Cohen procedure. Sixty children were divided into two groups according to surgical approaches: open surgery group (n=30) and pneumocystoscopic group (n=30). There were 26 boys and 4 girls in the open surgery group, aged from 3 months and 7 days old to 8 years and 5 months old, with 18 cases of lower ureteral stenosis and 12 cases of ureteral reflux, while there were 20 boys and 10 girls in the pneumocystoscopic group, aged from 7 months and 2 days old to 10 years and 9 months old, with 18 cases of lower ureteral stenosis and 12 cases of ureteral reflux. We retrospectively analyzed data from 60 children, comparing outcomes such as intraoperative complications, postoperative recovery, and long-term efficacy between open surgery and pneumocystoscopic approaches. Results: The pneumocystoscopic group exhibited smaller surgical incisions, reduced intraoperative bleeding, and shorter hospital stays compared to the open surgery group, although the operation duration was longer. Both groups showed similar postoperative ureter diameters and long-term recovery, with minimal occurrences of ureteral reflux relapse. Conclusion: Pneumocystoscopic ureterovesical reimplantation (Cohen) demonstrated safety, efficacy, minimal invasiveness, and faster recovery in treating lower ureteral lesions in children, with aesthetic benefits and fewer complications, making it a promising approach for pediatric urological surgeries.

10.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracardiac or pulmonary right-to-left shunt (RLS) is a common cardiac anomaly associated with an increased risk of neurological disorders, specifically cryptogenic stroke. Saline-contrasted transthoracic echocardiography (scTTE) is often used for RLS diagnosis. However, the identification of saline microbubbles in the left heart can be challenging for novice residents, potentially leading to a delay in diagnosis and treatment. In this study, we proposed an artificial intelligence (AI)-based algorithm designed to automatically detect microbubbles in scTTE images and evaluate right-to-left shunt grades. This tool aims to support residency training and decrease the workload of cardiologists. METHODS: A dataset of 23,665 scTTE images obtained from 174 individuals was included in this study. This dataset was partitioned into a training set (n = 20,475) and an internal validation set (n = 3,190) on a patient-level basis. An additional cohort of 33 patients diagnosed with cryptogenic ischemic stroke was enrolled as an external validation set. The proposed algorithm for right-to-left shunt degree classification employed the EfficientNet-b4 model, and the model's performance was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), sensitivity, and specificity, and compared to the performance of residents. RESULTS: Our AI model demonstrated robust performance with an accuracy of 0.926, sensitivity of 0.827, and specificity of 0.951 on the internal testing dataset. In the external validation set, our AI model exhibited diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.864, 0.818, and 0.909, respectively. In comparison, residents achieved values of 0.727, 0.636, and 0.818, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our AI model provides a swift, precise, and easily deployable methodology for grading the degree of right-to-left shunt in scTTE, carrying substantial implications for routine clinical practice. Residents can benefit from our artificial intelligence-based algorithm, enhancing both the accuracy and efficiency of RLS diagnosis.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38719166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of physiotherapeutic scoliosis-specific exercises (PSSE) on coronal, horizontal, and sagittal deformities of the spine in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) as well as how curve severity, intervention duration, and intervention type could modify these effects. DATA SOURCES: Data sources included the PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases, searched from their inception to September 5, 2023. STUDY SELECTION: Clinical controlled trials reporting the effects of PSSE on the Cobb angle, angle of trunk rotation (ATR), thoracic kyphosis (TK), or lumbar lordosis (LL) in AIS patients aged 10 to 18 years. The experimental groups received PSSE; the control groups received standard care (observation or bracing) or conventional exercise such as core stabilization exercise, pilates, PNF, and other non-specific exercise. DATA EXTRACTION: Two researchers independently extracted key information from eligible studies. The quality of the studies was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook version 5.1.0 risk of bias assessment and the JBI Center for Evidence-Based Health Care (2016) of quasi-experimental research authenticity assessment tool. The level and certainty of evidence was rated according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) framework. We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. The protocol for this study was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42023404996). DATA SYNTHESIS: Twelve randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and five non-RCTs (NRCTs) were meta-analyzed separately. The results indicated that compared with other non-surgical management, PSSE significantly improved the Cobb angle, ATR, and TK, whereas the LL improvement was not statistically significant. Additionally, the efficacy of PSSE on Cobb angle was not significant in patients with curve severity ≥30° compared with controls. Nevertheless, the pooled effect of PSSE on Cobb angle was not significantly modified by intervention duration and intervention type, and on ATR was not significantly modified by intervention duration. The overall quality of evidence according to GRADE was moderate to low for RCT and very low for NRCT. CONCLUSIONS: PSSE exhibited positive benefits on the Cobb angle, ATR, and TK in patients with AIS compared to other non-surgical therapies. In addition, the effectiveness of PSSE may be independent of intervention duration and intervention type, but may be influenced by the initial Cobb angle. However, more RCTs are needed in the future to validate the efficacy of PSSE in moderate AIS with a mean Cobb ≥30°. Current evidence is limited by inconsistent control group interventions and small sample size of the studies.

12.
Int J Infect Dis ; : 107098, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762044

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of timing of maternal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and vaccination status on placental transfer of antibodies to neonates. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, chemiluminescence was employed to measure SARS-CoV-2 IgG antibody titers in paired maternal-infant samples from women infected during pregnancy who were vaccinated or unvaccinated. Generalized linear regression assessed factors affecting antibody transfer in infected pregnant women and neonatal titers. RESULTS: The group with ≥90 days between infection and delivery showed a higher antibody transfer rate than the <90 days group(ß= 0.33, 95%CI: 0.01-0.65). Neonatal IgG titers correlated significantly with maternal titers and with maternal infections more than 90 days before delivery. Among infected pregnant women, those who had received two or three doses of vaccine before pregnancy had higher neonatal antibody titers than those who were not vaccinated (ß = 57.70, 95%CI: 31.33-84.07). CONCLUSION: Neonates born to pregnant women who were vaccinated before infection showed higher antibody titers than neonates of pregnant women who were not vaccinated before infection. The transfer rate is higher in pregnant women with ≥90 days from infection to delivery than in those with <90 days. These findings highlight the importance of timely maternal vaccination to optimize maternal and infant immunity.

13.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38743028

RESUMO

The antioxidant N-(1,3-Dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine (6PPD) and its oxidized quinone product 6PPD-quinone (6PPD-Q) in rubber have attracted attention due to the ecological risk that they pose. Both 6PPD and 6PPD-Q have been detected in various environments that humans cohabit. However, to date, a clear understanding of the biotransformation of 6PPD-Q and a potential biomarker for exposure in humans are lacking. To address this issue, this study presents a comprehensive analysis of the extensive biotransformation of 6PPD-Q across species, encompassing both in vitro and in vivo models. We have tentatively identified 17 biotransformation metabolites in vitro, 15 in mice in vivo, and confirmed the presence of two metabolites in human urine samples. Interestingly, different biotransformation patterns were observed across species. Through semiquantitative analysis based on peak areas, we found that almost all 6PPD-Q underwent biotransformation within 24 h of exposure in mice, primarily via hydroxylation and subsequent glucuronidation. This suggests a rapid metabolic processing of 6PPD-Q in mammals, underscoring the importance of identifying effective biomarkers for exposure. Notably, monohydroxy 6PPD-Q and 6PPD-Q-O-glucuronide were consistently the most predominant metabolites across our studies, highlighting monohydroxy 6PPD-Q as a potential key biomarker for epidemiological research. These findings represent the first comprehensive data set on 6PPD-Q biotransformation in mammalian systems, offering insights into the metabolic pathways involved and possible exposure biomarkers.

14.
J Chem Phys ; 160(18)2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726940

RESUMO

The effects of the solution's dielectric properties on the conformation and dynamics of star-shaped polyelectrolytes in shear flow are investigated using a hybrid simulation method coupling multi-particle collision dynamics and molecular dynamics. The simulation results showed that by modulating the dielectric properties of the solution, star-shaped polyelectrolytes showed a three-step dynamic behavior transition from tumbling to tank-treading to tumbling dynamics under shear flow. The analysis indicated that this distinct transition in dynamics could be attributed to the uneven distribution of counterions induced by shear on the chain, resulting in a change in the polyelectrolyte conformation and degree of segmental alignment in arms. These findings contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the non-equilibrium dynamics of star-shaped polyelectrolytes in shear flow and offer a viable approach for controlling the dynamic behavior of star-shaped polyelectrolytes by adjusting the dielectric properties of the solution.

15.
Cell Death Dis ; 15(5): 330, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740827

RESUMO

The long non-coding RNA X-inactive specific transcript (lncRNA XIST) and MUC1 gene are dysregulated in chronic inflammation and cancer; however, there is no known interaction of their functions. The present studies demonstrate that MUC1-C regulates XIST lncRNA levels by suppressing the RBM15/B, WTAP and METTL3/14 components of the m6A methylation complex that associate with XIST A repeats. MUC1-C also suppresses the YTHDF2-CNOT1 deadenylase complex that recognizes m6A sites and contributes to XIST decay with increases in XIST stability and expression. In support of an auto-regulatory pathway, we show that XIST regulates MUC1-C expression by promoting NF-κB-mediated activation of the MUC1 gene. Of significance, MUC1-C and XIST regulate common genes associated with inflammation and stemness, including (i) miR-21 which is upregulated across pan-cancers, and (ii) TDP-43 which associates with the XIST E repeats. Our results further demonstrate that the MUC1-C/XIST pathway (i) is regulated by TDP-43, (ii) drives stemness-associated genes, and (iii) is necessary for self-renewal capacity. These findings indicate that the MUC1-C/XIST auto-regulatory axis is of importance in cancer progression.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Mucina-1 , RNA Longo não Codificante , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Humanos , Mucina-1/metabolismo , Mucina-1/genética , Animais , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Camundongos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo
16.
Opt Express ; 32(6): 8496-8505, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571107

RESUMO

Flexibly wearable sensors are widely applied in health monitoring and personalized therapy. Multiple-node sensing is essential for mastering the health condition holistically. In this work, we report a multi-node wearable optical sensor (MNWOS) based on the cascade of microfiber Bragg gratings (µFBG), which features the reflective operation mode and ultra-compact size, facilitating the functional integration in a flexible substrate pad. The MNWOS can realize multipoint monitoring on physical variables, such as temperature and pressure, in both static and dynamic modes. Furthermore, the eccentric package configuration endows the MNWOS with the discernibility of bending direction in addition to the bending angle sensing. The multi-parameter sensing is realized by solving the sensing matrix that represents different sensitivity regarding the bending and temperature between FBGs. The MNWOS offers great prospect for the development of human-machine interfaces and medical and health detection.

17.
Phys Rev Lett ; 132(11): 116601, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563950

RESUMO

Ultrathin bismuth exhibits rich physics including strong spin-orbit coupling, ferroelectricity, nontrivial topology, and light-induced structural dynamics. We use ab initio calculations to show that light can induce structural transitions to four transient phases in bismuth monolayers. These light-induced phases exhibit nontrivial topological character, which we illustrate using the recently introduced concept of spin bands and spin-resolved Wilson loops. Specifically, we find that the topology changes via the closing of the electron and spin band gaps during photoinduced structural phase transitions, leading to distinct edge states. Our study provides strategies to tailor electronic and spin topology via ultrafast control of photoexcited carriers and associated structural dynamics.

18.
Am J Transl Res ; 16(3): 755-767, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586100

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify hub genes and biological processes of propofol-induced neurotoxicity and promote the development of pediatric anesthesiology. METHODS: We downloaded the GSE106799 dataset from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened, then Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes, Gene Ontology and Gene Set Enrichment analyses were performed on all DEGs. We identified potential ferroptosis genes in the pathogenesis of propofol-induced neurotoxicity. A key module was obtained after performing weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) on the GSE106799 dataset. Hub genes were identified after the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression analysis of the intersection of DEGs and genes from the key module. We established a competing endogenous RNA network and predicted potential drugs according to the hub genes. Total RNA and proteins were extracted for real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: A total of 112 DEGs, including 76 upregulated and 36 downregulated ones were screened out. Propofol-induced neurotoxicity involved processes such as nervous system development, activation of JAK/STAT and MAPK signaling pathways, vascular regeneration, and oxidative stress. The results of WGCNA suggested that the tan module was the most strongly associated with propofol-induced neurotoxicity. We identified 4 hub genes (EGR4, HAO1, ITK and GM14446) after LASSO regression analysis. Animal experiments demonstrated that propofol caused overexpression of the protein levels of HAO1, ITK and inflammatory factors in the brain, as well as the mRNA levels of HAO1, ITK and GM14446. Propofol inhibited expression of EGR4 at mRNA and protein levels. CONCLUSIONS: Previous studies have demonstrated that EGR4, HAO1, ITK and GM14446 play a role in intellectual development, neuroinflammation and neuronal differentiation. These hub genes may help us to find new preventive and therapeutic targets for propofol-induced neurotoxicity.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(33): 4467-4470, 2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563781

RESUMO

We show directional and controllable propulsion of zwitterionic surfactant-stabilized water-in-oil droplets driven by low electric fields. Our results suggest that the propulsion mechanism is based on stimulus-responsive on-demand interfacial phenomena.

20.
Med Biol Eng Comput ; 2024 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627356

RESUMO

Accurate and efficient motion estimation is a crucial component of real-time ultrasound elastography (USE). However, obtaining radiofrequency ultrasound (RF) data in clinical practice can be challenging. In contrast, although B-mode (BM) data is readily available, elastographic data derived from BM data results in sub-optimal elastographic images. Furthermore, existing conventional ultrasound devices (e.g., portable devices) cannot provide elastography modes, which has become a significant obstacle to the widespread use of traditional ultrasound devices. To address the challenges above, we developed a teacher-student guided knowledge distillation for an unsupervised convolutional neural network (TSGUPWC-Net) to improve the accuracy of BM motion estimation by employing a well-established convolutional neural network (CNN) named modified pyramid warping and cost volume network (MPWC-Net). A pre-trained teacher model based on RF is utilized to guide the training of a student model using BM data. Innovations outlined below include employing spatial attention transfer at intermediate layers to enhance the guidance effect of the model. The loss function consists of smoothness of the displacement field, knowledge distillation loss, and intermediate layer loss. We evaluated our method on simulated data, phantoms, and in vivo ultrasound data. The results indicate that our method has higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) values in axial strain estimation than the model trained on BM. The model is unsupervised and requires no ground truth labels during training, making it highly promising for motion estimation applications.

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