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1.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3223, 2022 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35680851

RESUMO

Wireless technologies-supported printed flexible electronics are crucial for the Internet of Things (IoTs), human-machine interaction, wearable and biomedical applications. However, the challenges to existing printing approaches remain, such as low printing precision, difficulty in conformal printing, complex ink formulations and processes. Here we present a room-temperature direct printing strategy for flexible wireless electronics, where distinct high-performance functional modules (e.g., antennas, micro-supercapacitors, and sensors) can be fabricated with high resolution and further integrated on various flat/curved substrates. The additive-free titanium carbide (Ti3C2Tx) MXene aqueous inks are regulated with large single-layer ratio (>90%) and narrow flake size distribution, offering metallic conductivity (~6, 900 S cm-1) in the ultrafine-printed tracks (3 µm line gap and 0.43% spatial uniformity) without annealing. In particular, we build an all-MXene-printed integrated system capable of wireless communication, energy harvesting, and smart sensing. This work opens a door for high-precision additive manufacturing of printed wireless electronics at room temperature.

2.
Transl Androl Urol ; 11(5): 683-693, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693720

RESUMO

Background: Due to the unique anatomy and complex function of the penis, the reconstruction of penile defect is fraught with great challenges. The current standard methods are limited by numerous complications and insufficient donor sites. While functional vascularized penile tissue engineering offers a novel way to address this problem, revascularization remains the primary concern. Methods: In this study, a penile scaffold with associated modifications was constructed. The performance of decellularized penile scaffolds (DPSs) was improved by conjugation with heparin (HEP) and reseeding with human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). There were three groups according to the modifications, including native DPSs, HEP-DPSs, HEP-HUVECs-DPSs. After perfusing with 1% Triton X-100/0.1% ammonium hydroxide solution, the cellular components were removed. Subsequently, the covalent binding of heparin in the DPSs was performed with 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide, followed by reseeding with HUVECs. Scaffolds were implanted into the backs of rats and the implanted tissues were harvested at 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks. Then hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunofluorescence assays were performed to assess the degree of angiogenesis. Results: The native DPSs retained the extracellular matrix and heparinized modification. The H&E results indicated that more HUVECs covered the inner surface of tubular structures in the HEP-DPSs group compared to the native DPSs group. The number of vessels in the HEP-HUVECs-DPSs was significantly increased compared to the control scaffolds at all time points. Conclusions: These results suggested that, compared to the native DPS, heparin-conjugated scaffolds provided a superior environment for the growth of HUVECs and the modified methods provided a perspective for overcoming the obstacles in tissue engineering of transplantable penile tissues and the establishment of a functional vasculature.

3.
ACS Omega ; 7(22): 18795-18803, 2022 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35694478

RESUMO

Malignant tumors are one of the main causes of human death. The clinical treatment of malignant tumors is usually surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and so forth. Radiotherapy, as a traditional and effective treatment method for cancer, is widely used in clinical practice, but the radiation resistance of tumor cells and the toxic side effects to normal cells are still the Achilles heel of radiotherapy. Multifunctional inorganic high-atom nanomaterials are expected to enhance the effect of tumor radiotherapy. Tungsten and bismuth, which contain elements with high atomic coefficients, have strong X-ray energy attenuation capability. We synthesized Bi2WO6 nanosheets (NSs) using a hydrothermal synthesis method and modified polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on their surface to make them more stable. PVP-Bi2WO6 NSs have a variety of effects after absorbing X-rays (such as the photoelectric effect and Compton effect) and release a variety of particles such as photoelectrons, Compton electrons, auger electrons, and so forth, which can react with organic molecules or water in cells, generate a large number of free radicals, and promote cell apoptosis, thereby improving the effect of radiotherapy. We show through γ-H2AX and DCFH-DA probe analysis experiments that PVP-Bi2WO6 NSs can effectively increase cell DNA damage and reactive oxygen species formation under X-ray irradiation. Clone formation analysis showed that PVP-Bi2WO6 NSs can effectively suppress cell colony formation under X-ray irradiation. These versatile functions endow PVP-Bi2WO6 NSs with enhanced radiotherapy efficacy in animal models. In addition, PVP-Bi2WO6 NSs can also be used as contrast agents for X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging with obvious effects. Therefore, PVP-Bi2WO6 NSs can be used as CT imaging contrast agents and tumor radiotherapy sensitizers and have potential medical applications.

4.
Phytomedicine ; 102: 154202, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35665678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic nonspecific inflammatory disease that causes a heavy burden and lacks effective treatments. Chinese herbal medicine prescriptions (CHMPs), which are characterized by a synergistic usage of herbs, are widely used in the management of IBD. The molecular mechanisms of action of CHMP are still ambiguous as the canonical "one-compound-one-target" approach has difficulty describing the dynamic bioreactions among CHMP objects. It seems more flexible to define the holism of CHMP for IBD by employing high-throughput analysis. However, studies that discuss the development of CHMP in treating IBD in a holistic view are still lacking. PURPOSE: This review appraised preclinical and clinical research to fully describe the anti-IBD capacity of CHMPs and discussed CHMPs' holistic characteristics that can contribute to better management of IBD. METHODS & RESULTS: We screened clinical and preclinical references of CHMP being used as treatments for IBD. We discussed the complexity of IBD and the development of CHMP to present the sophistication of CHMP treatments. To describe the clinical effectiveness of CHMPs against IBD, we performed an umbrella review of CHMP-associated META analyses, in which 1174 records were filtered down to 12 references. Then, we discussed 14 kinds of CHMPs that had a long history of use and analyzed their mechanisms of action. Representative herbs were employed to provide a subordinate explanation for the whole prescription. As holism is the dominant characteristic of CHMPs, we explored applications of CHMPs for IBD with the help of omics, gut microbiome, and network pharmacology, which are potential approaches to a dynamic figure of bioactions of CHMPs. CONCLUSION: This review is the first to discuss the potential of CHMPs to manage IBD in a holistic context and will provide inspiring explanations for CHMP applications for further product transformation and application to other diseases.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Prescrições
5.
Chem Sci ; 13(18): 5164-5170, 2022 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35655558

RESUMO

The α-umpolung of carbonyl compounds significantly expands the boundaries of traditional carbonyl chemistry. Despite various umpolung methods available today, reversing the inherent reactivity of carbonyls still remains a substantial challenge. In this article, we report the first use of sulfonium salts, in lieu of well-established hypervalent iodines, for the carbonyl umpolung event. The protocol enables the incorporation of a wide variety of heteroatom nucleophiles into the α-carbon of 2-oxazolines. The success of this investigation hinges on the following factors: (1) the use of sulfoxides, which are abundant, structurally diverse and tunable, and easily accessible, ensures the identification of a superior oxidant namely phenoxathiin sulfoxide for the umpolung reaction; (2) the "assembly/deprotonation" protocol previously developed for rearrangement reactions in our laboratory was successfully applied here for the construction of α-umpoled 2-oxazolines.

6.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 6543953, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35664424

RESUMO

Objective. To construct the graph theory model and grey correlation model of table tennis mixed doubles technology and tactics so as to provide a new research method for the analysis of table tennis mixed doubles technology and tactics. The method of graphic theory and video observation is used to study the top tactical indicators of the game, and the method of graphic theory and video observation is used to analyze the tactical data of men and women, which has a certain contribution to the world level of table tennis. The grey correlation analysis can be better applied to the technical and tactical analysis of table tennis mixed doubles. The analysis of the contribution rate of men and women in eight rounds shows that there is little difference in the net average score between male and female athletes, and female athletes are slightly higher than male athletes. The net average score of the serving round is much higher than that of the receiving round, which shows that the serving round has certain advantages for the server, and the winner is often better able to grasp the opportunity of the serving round and get higher scores. Male athletes should strengthen physical training and adapt to a higher level of confrontation.


Assuntos
Tênis , Inteligência Artificial , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
7.
Trials ; 23(1): 470, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35668528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The response rate of the first-line therapy with corticosteroid for acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD) is about 50%, and steroid-refractory disease is associated with high mortality. The improved response rate to the first-line therapy of newly diagnosed aGVHD patients would result in therapeutic benefits. Ruxolitinib, a selective Janus kinase (JAK) 1/2 inhibitor, has been approved for the treatment of steroid-refractory acute GVHD. The addition of ruxolitinib to the first-line therapy may improve the efficacy of corticosteroids. METHODS: This investigator-initiated, open-label, multicenter, prospective randomized, and controlled two-arm phase II study compares the efficacy and safety of ruxolitinib combined with 1 mg/kg methylprednisolone versus 2 mg/kg methylprednisolone alone in newly diagnosed aGVHD patients. Patients with intermediate or high-risk aGVHD, as defined by the Minnesota aGVHD high-risk score and biomarker algorithm, are eligible for this study. A total of 198 patients will be randomized at a 1:1 ratio and assigned a GVHD risk (intermediate versus high risk) and disease status before transplantation (complete remission versus no complete remission). The primary endpoint is the overall response rate on day 28, which is defined as an improvement of at least one stage in the severity of aGVHD in one organ without deterioration in any other organ or disappearance of any GVHD signs from all organs without requiring new systemic immunosuppressive treatment. The secondary objectives consist of response time, response duration, overall survival, disease-free survival, non-relapse mortality, failure-free survival, and changes in serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and GVHD-related biomarkers. DISCUSSION: This open-label, multicenter, two-arm randomized trial will evaluate whether the addition of ruxolitinib combined with corticosteroid is superior to corticosteroid alone in newly diagnosed high-risk aGVHD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04061876 (version number: 2019.5.18). Registered on July 16, 2019.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doença Aguda , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Nitrilas , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirazóis , Pirimidinas , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Esteroides/uso terapêutico
8.
Front Oncol ; 12: 756109, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35651785

RESUMO

Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a leading cause of cancer death worldwide. MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) have been reported to regulate cell functions through exosomes. Through the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, miR-620 was selected as a serum miRNA highly expressed in ESCC, but its detailed role in ESCC has not been explored. Tumor-secreted miRNAs have been reported to promote cancer metastasis through reprogramming the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts. Therefore, we intended to verify whether exosomal miR-620 secreted in ESCC cells may regulate the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts. Methods: The effect of miR-620 on the aerobic glycolysis of ESCC cells was firstly verified through bioinformatics prediction and mechanism assays. Exosomes secreted from ESCC cells was detected, and the influence of exosomal miR-620 in regulating the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts was then verified both in vitro and in vivo. Results: MiR-620 inhibited ESCC malignancy and suppressed the aerobic glycolysis of ESCC cells via targeting Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). Moreover, exosomal miR-620 was highly secreted in ESCC and could regulate HFL1 aerobic glycolysis via FOXM1/HER2 signaling. Furthermore, exosomal miR-620 could promote ESCC metastasis by reprogramming the aerobic glycolysis of lung fibroblasts (HFL1). Conclusion: Exosomal miR-620 secreted by ESCC cells inhibited the aerobic glycolysis via FOXM1/HER2 axis and promoted cancer metastasis.

10.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 822046, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722483

RESUMO

Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a serious public health problem widely present among young adults and adolescents. While finding risk factors associated with NSSI among young patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is challenging, the current study aims to measure childhood adversity and serum cortisol levels and elucidate their relationship in MDD patients with NSSI. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 126 young patients with MDD (aged 16 to 35 years) were recruited. The depressive symptoms were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and the childhood adversity was evaluated by the Chinese version of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) scale. Serum cortisol levels were determined by the kits in patients. Results: Relative to MDD patients without NSSI, MDD patients with NSSI had a higher CTQ total score and its four subscores. Moreover, the cortisol levels in patients with MDD/NSSI were significantly decreased than in MDD patients without NSSI. For patients with MDD/NSSI, there is a negative association between cortisol levels and emotional neglect, but not for MDD patients without NSSI. Further regression analysis showed that low cortisol levels, BDI-II, and emotional neglect were risk factors for NSSI in young patients with MDD. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that young MDD patients with NSSI experience more childhood adversity and have lower cortisol levels. Also, lower cortisol levels were associated with childhood adversity but not with depressive symptoms. Further, lower cortisol levels, depressive symptoms, and emotional neglect were risk factors for NSSI in young patients with MDD.

12.
J Exp Bot ; 2022 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35661206

RESUMO

Somatic embryogenesis (SE) is a major regeneration approach for in vitro cultured tissues of plants, including citrus. However, SE capability is difficult to maintain, and recalcitrance to SE has become a major obstacle to plant biotechnology. We previously reported that miR156-SPL modules regulate SE in citrus callus. However, the downstream regulatory pathway of the miR156-SPL module in SE remains unclear. In this study, we found that the transcription factors (TFs) CsAGL15 and CsFUS3 bind to the CsMIR156A promoter and activate its expression. Suppression of csi-miR156a function leads to up-regulation of four target genes CsSPLs and reduction of SE efficiency. In the STTM-miR156a overexpressed callus (MIM156), the number of amyloplasts and starch content were significantly reduced, and genes involved in starch synthesis and transport were down-regulated; csi-miR172d was down-regulated, whereas the target genes CsTOE1.1 and CsTOE1.2, which inhibit the expression of starch biosynthesis genes, were up-regulated. In our working model, CsAGL15 and CsFUS3 activate csi-miR156a, which represses CsSPLs and further regulates csi-miR172d and CsTOEs, thus to alter starch accumulation level in callus cells and regulate SE in citrus. This study elucidates the pathway of miR156-SPLs and miR172-TOEs mediated regulation of SE, and provides clues to enhancing SE capability in citrus.

13.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35593082

RESUMO

In this work, the hypoglycemic components in Platycladi Cacumen, an essential traditional Chinese medicine, were evaluated by combining phytochemical investigation, spectrum-effect relationship analysis, and chemometric methods. The phytochemical studies on Platycladi Cacumen extract lead to the isolation of 21 potential bioactive compounds. The chromatographic fingerprints of Platycladi Cacumen samples were established by high-performance liquid chromatography. The hypoglycemic effects of Platycladi Cacumen samples were further evaluated by inhibition of α-glucosidase and detected by the high-performance liquid chromatography method. The spectrum-effect relationship study by bivariate correlations analysis and orthogonal partial least squares regression revealed that myricitrin (P9), quercitrin (P13), afzelin (P18), and amentoflavone (P24) were more relevant to the α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The results of α-glucosidase inhibitory activity of 21 isolated compounds and molecular docking studies also indicated these flavonoids had potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity. Collectively, the present study established the spectrum-effect relationship mode of Platycladi Cacumen and discovered the major hypoglycemic components, which provides a feasible method for screening bioactive components.

14.
Chemosphere ; 302: 134779, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35513075

RESUMO

The development of sustainable, low-cost and responsive technology for heavy metals detection in wastewater is crucial. In this study, by combining CuO/ZnO photocathode with microbial anode, a novel photo-microbial fuel cell (PMFC) sensor was developed. The self-powered PMFC was performed under light and dark condition for heavy metals detection. Compared with MFC sensor, PMFC sensor showed a wider detection range (0.1-4 mg L-1 of Cd2+ and 10-80 mg L-1 of Cu2+). The improved performance in sensing limit and sensitivity was mainly attributed to the intimate P-N heterojunctions formed in CuO/ZnO, which accelerated the electron transport between the photocathode and the microbial anode. Besides, the toxicity of five heavy metals tested in PMFC was shown as Cd2+>Cr6+>Zn2+>Hg2+>Cu2+. This study has taken advantage of the characteristics of PMFC and facilitated its application in heavy metals detection, which provides a new approach for the development of biosensors.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Metais Pesados , Óxido de Zinco , Cádmio , Cobre , Eletrodos , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade
15.
Water Environ Res ; 94(5): e10724, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35614874

RESUMO

Retrofitting conventional denitrification filters into partial denitrification-anammox (PdNA)- or anammox (AnAOB)-based filters will reduce the needs for external carbon addition. The success of AnAOB-based filters depends on anammox growth and retention within such filters. Studies have overlooked the importance of media selection and its impact on AnAOB capacity, head loss progression dynamics, and shear conditions applied onto the AnAOB biofilm. The objective of this study was to evaluate viable media types (10 types) that can enhance AnAOB rates for efficient nitrogen removal in filters. Given the higher backwash requirement and lower AnAOB capacity of the conventionally used sand, expanded clay (3-5 mm) was recommended for AnAOB-based filters in this study. Owing to its surface characteristics, expanded clay had higher AnAOB activity (304- vs. 104-g NH4 + -N/m2 /day) and higher AnAOB retention (43% more) than sand. Increasing the iron content of expanded clay to 37% resulted in an increase in zeta potential, which led to 56% more anammox capacity compared to expanded clay with 7% iron content. This work provides insight into the importance of media types in the growth and retention of AnAOB in filters, and this knowledge could be used as basis in the development of PdNA filters. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Expanded clay showed the lowest head loss buildup and most likely will result in longer runtime for full-scale PdNA applications The highest AnAOB rates were achieved in expanded clay types and sand compared with smaller media typically used in biofiltration Expanded clay resulted in better AnAOB retention under shear, whereas sand could not withstand shear and required more frequent backwashing Expanded clay iron coating enhanced AnAOB enrichment and retention, most likely due to increased surface roughness and/or positive charge.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Desnitrificação , Reatores Biológicos , Argila , Meios de Cultura , Ferro , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução , Areia , Esgotos
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1673: 463091, 2022 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525192

RESUMO

The separation of p-xylene (PX) and m-xylene (MX) isomers with near boiling points is a worldwide problem. The metal-organic framework material is an ideal stationary phase for chromatographic separation because of its high porosity, homogeneous pore diameter and good chemical stability. In this paper, a simulated moving bed (SMB) chromatography system with MIL-53(Fe) as the stationary phase and petroleum ether-dichloromethane as the mobile phase was designed to separate PX and MX at ambient temperature. Firstly, according to the elution curves of a single column, nonlinear competitive Langmuir adsorption isotherm equation was confirmed by equilibrium dispersive chromatography model. Then, the SMB separation zone was determined based on triangle theory, and the SMB operating conditions were optimized. Finally, the purity, recovery and productivity of PX reached 100.0%, 99.1% and 93.1 g/L/h, respectively; the purity, recovery and productivity of MX reached 96.4%, 100.0% and 23.5 g/L/h, respectively; the solvent consumption was 0.42 L/g.


Assuntos
Cromatografia , Xilenos , Adsorção , Cromatografia/métodos , Dietilamida do Ácido Lisérgico/análogos & derivados , Solventes/química
17.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(4): 905-918, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35572870

RESUMO

Background: Poor control of asthma results from many factors, partly due to inadequate knowledge towards asthma among patients. It is necessary to know patients' knowledge level before education. However, there is no accepted instrument to evaluate knowledge of asthma in Chinese patients with asthma. The study aims to develop a Chinese version of Patient-completed Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (PAKQ) to assess its reliability, validity, and responsiveness for testing its clinical application in Chinese adult patients with asthma. Methods: After translation, back-translation, and cross-cultural adaptation of the PAKQ into Chinese version, a survey of patients with asthma (n=464) in China was conducted. Demographics and clinical data were collected in addition to questionnaires concerning cognition of asthma, education, history, and asthma control test score. The PAKQ was then completed. 14±4 days after the initial assessment, the participants completed the retested questionnaire and again completed the questionnaire immediately after education. The reliability and the construct validity were evaluated. The optimal cut-off points for predicting disease knowledge among asthma patients were determined using the Youden index method. Results: The Chinese version of PAKQ showed high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha =0.888) at baseline and an acceptable 2-week test-retest reliability (ICC =0.932, r=0.874). On the basis of large modification indices (>10), this four-factor questionnaire was found to fit the data satisfactorily (χ2/df =1.695, RMSEA =0.039, GFI =0.856, CFI =0.885, and SRMR =0.058). Paired t-tests showed significant changes on pre-educational and post-educational tests (t=22.83, df=463, P<0.0001). The optimal cut-off value of the PAKQ total score for assessing patients' knowledge level was 35 points (AUC =0.757). Conclusions: The Chinese version of the PAKQ questionnaire was developed and validated in terms of reliability and validity as an effective instrument for the insight into asthma knowledge of adult patients with asthma in China. Future research will evaluate the utility of the instrument in clinical practice.

18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 842500, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35615348

RESUMO

Background: Eosinophils act as a secondary antigen-presenting cell (APC) to stimulate Th cell responses against antigens. IL-25 plays a significant role in eosinophil activation in allergic asthma. The role of IL-25 on the classic APC functions of dendritic cells has been elucidated. However, whether IL-25 facilitates eosinophils for antigen presentation is unknown. Objective: To elucidate the role of IL-25 on eosinophils antigen presenting function during allergic asthma and its related mechanism. Methods: Eosinophils from allergic asthma subjects were cultured with IL-25 and HDM to identify the co-stimulator molecules expression. Co-cultures of patient eosinophils and autologous naïve CD4+ T cells in the same culture system were to explore whether eosinophils had the capacity to promote Th cell differentiation in response to IL-25 engagement. In asthma mouse model, IL-25-/- mice were exposed to HDM to investigate the effect of IL-25 on eosinophils during the sensitization phase. The impact of IL-25 on the capacity for eosinophils taking up antigens was evaluated. Mouse bone marrow derived eosinophils (BmEOS) were co-cultured with naïve CD4+T cells sorted from spleens under HDM and IL-25 stimulation to identify T cell differentiation. Results: IL-25 upregulated HLA-DR, PD-L1, and OX-40L expression on eosinophils from allergic asthma patients. IL-25 and HDM co-sensitized eosinophils promoted Th2 differentiation. In mouse model, IL-25-/- mice experienced restrained allergic pulmonary inflammation and reduced eosinophils recruitment and antigen uptake capacity during the early sensitization phase. In vitro, IL-25 promoted antigen uptake by eosinophils. In BmEOS and naïve CD4+T cells co-culture, IL-25 accreted the proportion of CD4+Th2 cells, which was absent in CD4+T cells culture alone. Conclusion: Our data identify a novel role of IL-25 in enhancing eosinophils antigen uptake and co-stimulator molecules expression to induce Th2 priming in the context of allergic inflammation.


Assuntos
Asma , Eosinofilia Pulmonar , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Eosinófilos , Humanos , Camundongos , Células Th2
19.
Molecules ; 27(10)2022 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35630796

RESUMO

At present, the potential of natural products in new drug development has attracted more and more scientists' attention, and natural products have become an important source for the treatment of various diseases or important lead compounds. Geniposide, as a novel iridoid glycoside compound, is an active natural product isolated from the herb Gardenia jasminoides Ellis (GJ) for the first time; it is also the main active component of GJ. Recent studies have found that geniposide has multiple pharmacological effects and biological activities, including hepatoprotective activity, an anti-osteoporosis effect, an antitumor effect, an anti-diabetic effect, ananti-myocardial dysfunction effect, a neuroprotective effect, and other protective effects. In this study, the latest research progress of the natural product geniposide is systematically described, and the pharmacological effects, pharmacokinetics, and toxicity of geniposide are also summarized and discussed comprehensively. We also emphasize the major pathways modulated by geniposide, offering new insights into the pharmacological effects of geniposide as a promising drug candidate for multiple disorders.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Diabetes Mellitus , Gardenia , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Iridoides/farmacocinética , Iridoides/uso terapêutico
20.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(7): 410, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35530935

RESUMO

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is characterized by acute onset, rapid development, and poor prognosis. Timely diagnosis and identification of the cause are the key to formulating the clinical program and improving the prognosis. There were several studies on this topic but the results varied. This study systematically evaluated and analyzed reports on the comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) for the diagnosis of AP in recent years, providing evidence for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Methods: The databases of PubMed, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Data were searched for literature on MRI and CT in the diagnosis of AP. After evaluating the articles and extracting the data, the software RevMan 5.4 and Stata 16.0 were used for meta-analysis. Results: A total of 9 articles were included in the selection, with a total of 566 patients having undergone diagnosis. Meta-analysis showed that for MRI, the diagnostic sensitivity was 92%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 85% to 96%; specificity was 74%, 95% CI: 50% to 89%; positive likelihood ratio was 3.5, 95% CI: 1.6 to 8.0; negative likelihood ratio was 0.11, 95% CI: 0.05 to 0.24; diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) was 32, 95% CI: 7 to 136; and the area under the curve (AUC) value was 0.93, 95% CI: 0.90 to 0.95. For CT, the diagnostic sensitivity was 73%, 95% CI: 55% to 85%; specificity was 64%, 95% CI: 42% to 82%; positive likelihood ratio was 2.0, 95% CI: 1.1 to 3.6; negative likelihood ratio was 0.43, 95% CI: 0.24 to 0.76; DOR was 5, 95% CI: 2 to 14; and the AUC value was 0.74, 95% CI: 0.70 to 0.78. The AUC value of MRI was significantly greater than CT (Z=3.684, P=0.023). Discussion: In the diagnosis of AP, MRI is more sensitive, specific, and accurate than CT, and can be used as the first choice for the diagnosis of AP.

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