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1.
J Endovasc Ther ; : 15266028241253128, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38733303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to present our experience on managing mycotic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (MIAAA) through a retrospective cohort study. METHODS: Data of patients with MIAAA managed in our center from July 2016 to October 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnosis of MIAAA was made based on: (1) preoperative clinical signs of infection; (2) elevated serologic infection parameters; (3) para-aneurysmal infection features on enhanced computed tomography; and (4) positive blood or tissue cultures. All the patients received standard antibiotic therapy. Surgical management including endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), initial EVAR followed by open re-operation, and initial open surgical repair (OSR) were conducted according to disease seriosity, physical condition, and patient's will. Infection index and clinical outcome were evaluated during the follow-up time. RESULTS: A total of 23 patients (21 men; averaged=66.3 years, range=49-79 years) were included, with a mean follow-up time of 19.9 months (range=1-75 months). Bacteria culture from blood or tissue specimen was positive in 15 patients (Salmonella, n=8; Escherichia coli, n=3; methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus [MSSA], n=1; Klebsiella pneumoniae, n=1; Staphylococcus epidermidis, n=1; Mycobacterium tuberculosis, n=1). Seven patients received OSR as the initial surgical intervention, whereas 14 patients chose EVAR instead. The 2 conservatively managed patients (refused surgery) died within 30 days. The 7 patients who received initial OSR survived till now. Among the 14 patients who underwent initial EVAR, infection deteriorated without exception (14/14, 100%). Three of these patients refused re-operation and died within 6 months. Eleven patients received secondary surgical intervention (10 cases of aneurysm and endograft resection, thorough debridement, subclavian to bi-femoral artery bypass, or in situ aorta reconstruction; 1 case of laparoscopic debridement) and 7 survived the follow-up time. The overall mortality rate was 39.1% (9/23). The mortality rates differed greatly following different intervention methods (merely antibiotic management, 100%; initial open operation, 0%; initial EVAR without secondary operation, 100%; initial EVAR plus secondary operation, 36.4%). CONCLUSIONS: Open surgical repair is still the first choice for hemodynamically stable and low-risk patients. Merely EVAR is related with disastrous results, which should be reserved as a temporary alternative for patients with ruptured aneurysms, hemodynamic instability or high surgical risk, and followed by timely secondary OSR. CLINICAL IMPACT: The management of mycotic or primary-infected aortic aneurysm is challenging; treatment remains controversial. Our center has reviewed our experience over the past 6 years and found that open surgical repair is still the first choice for hemodynamically stable and low-risk patients. Merely endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is related with disastrous results, which should be reserved as a temporary alternative for patients with ruptured aneurysms, hemodynamic instability or high surgical risk, and followed by timely secondary open surgical repair.

2.
Talanta ; 276: 126264, 2024 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38761661

RESUMO

The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 poses a serious threat to human life and health. A rapid nucleic acid tests can effectively curb the spread of the disease. With the advantages of fluorescent RNA aptamers, low background and high sensitivity. A variety of fluorescent RNA aptamer sensors have been developed for the detection of nucleic acid. Here, we report a hypersensitive detection platform in which SARS-CoV-2 initiates RTF-EXPAR to amplify trigger fragments. This activation leads to the reassembled of the SRB2 fluorescent RNA aptamer, restoring its secondary structure for SR-DN binding and turn-on fluorescence. The platform completes the assay in 30 min and all reactions occur in one tube. The detection limit is as low as 116 aM. Significantly, the platform's quantitative analyses were almost identical to qPCR results in simulated tests of positive samples. In conclusion, the platform is sensitive, accurate and provides a new protocol for point-of-care testing of viruses.

3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11204, 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755238

RESUMO

We theoretically investigate continuous variable entanglement and macroscopic quantum coherence in the hybrid L-G rotational cavity optomechanical system containing two YIG spheres. In this system, a single L-G cavity mode and both magnon modes (which are due to the collective excitation of spins in two YIG spheres) are coupled through the magnetic dipole interaction whereas the L-G cavity mode can also exchange orbital angular momentum (OAM) with the rotating mirror (RM). We study in detail the effects of various physical parameters like cavity and both magnon detunings, environment temperature, optorotational and magnon coupling strengths on the bipartite entanglement and the macroscopic quantum coherence as well. We also explore parameter regimes to achieve maximum values for both of these quantum correlations. We also observed that the parameters regime for achieving maximum bipartite entanglement is completely different from macroscopic quantum coherence. So, our present study shall provide a method to control various nonclassical quantum correlations of macroscopic objects in the hybrid L-G rotational cavity optomechanical system and have potential applications in quantum sensing, quantum meteorology, and quantum information science.

4.
Opt Lett ; 49(9): 2249-2252, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38691691

RESUMO

A scheme is proposed to achieve significantly enhanced quantum estimation of optorotational-coupling (ORC) strength by coupling a driven auxiliary cavity to a Laguerre-Gaussian (L-G) rotational cavity, where the ORC originates from the exchange of orbital angular momentum between a L-G light and rotational mirror. The results indicate that, by appropriately designing the auxiliary-cavity mechanism, the estimation error of the ORC parameter is significantly reduced, and revealing the estimation precision has a much stronger thermal noise and dissipation robustness in comparison with the unassisted case. Our study paves the way toward achieving high-precision quantum sensors.

5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 276, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the direct anterior approach (DAA) requires a hip extension. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing THA with DAA using either the no hip extension (NHE) or the traditional hip extension (THE) strategy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of demographics, clinical and radiological outcomes, and occurrence of complications was performed using data from 123 patients treated between January 2020 and November 2021. The patients were categorised into two groups: NHE (84 patients) and THE (39 patients). RESULTS: The NHE group exhibited shorter operative time and had more male participants with higher ages. Comparable outcomes were observed in the visual analogue scale, Harris Hip, and Oxford Hip scores at the final follow-up. Furthermore, complications were observed in the NHE and THE groups, including two and one greater trochanteric fractures and three and one transfusions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the THE, employing the NHE strategy during THA with DAA in elderly and young female patients resulted in comparable clinical outcomes with several advantages, such as favourable surgical time. The NHE method also exhibited good safety and effectiveness. Therefore, the NHE strategy may be a favourable option for elderly and young female patients.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Radiografia , Duração da Cirurgia
6.
World J Hepatol ; 16(2): 229-240, 2024 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis is prevalent in 9 provinces in Western and Northern China. An epidemiological survey of echinococcosis in 2012 and 2016 showed cases of echinococcosis in Yunnan Province. AIM: To understand the spatial distribution and epidemiological characteristics of echinococcosis in Yunnan for the prevention and control of echinococcosis and to reduce the risk of infection in Yunnan Province. METHODS: Based on the China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention (CISDCP), echinococcosis cases reported from 36 hospitals and 34 Centers for Disease Control were investigated and epidemiologically analyzed from 2021 to 2022. The exclusion criteria included suspected cases, same case only counted once and cases not from Yunnan. A total of 705 cases were investigated, of which 397 cases were suitable for statistical analysis. In these 397 cases, epidemiological investigation was tracked in 187 cases. All data were inputted using double entry in the Excel database, with error correction by double-entry comparison. The data on echinococcosis cases in Yunnan Province were analyzed by ArcGIS 10.1 software to generate a density map of echinococcosis distribution. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 17.0, including the chi-square test, linear regression test and logistic univariate and multivariate regression analyses. RESULTS: A total of 397 cases were found in 89 counties in Yunnan Province. The number of cases in the top three prefectures were Dali (38.1%), Diqing (10.1%), and Kunming (8.3%), and the top five counties were Jianchuan (9.1%), Shangri La (8.3%), Eryuan (7. 6%), Heqing (6.9%), and Dali Districts (5.0%). There were significant differences between the different areas. The case reporting rate by CISDCP (33.8%) was low; the first case was reported by CISDCP in 2002, and the highest number of cases was 50 (2017). Confirmed and clinical cases accounted for 62.5% and 37.5%, respectively. However, 90.9% of the cases of hydatid disease were reported by the hospital system, and only 9.1% of the cases of hydatid disease were found in the community through active screening. The difference between the two methods of case detection was statistically significant. Most of the cases of echinococcosis were found in farmers/herdsmen (75.1%) and students (9.1%). In addition, Han (43.6%) and Bai (26.2%) had a higher incidence of infection than other nationalities, and the liver (87.7%) and lung (6.8%) were the most common sites of cyst formation. Among the analyzed cases, 187 were epidemiologically analyzed and the clinical symptoms were not obvious in the early stage in 47.1% of cases. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that the age group, education level, presence of dogs in the family (either previously or currently), and handwashing (occasionally or not) were factors related to echinococcosis infection. 55.6% of cases were in endemic areas, and 44.4% of cases were in non-endemic areas. Among 83 cases in non-endemic areas, only 4 cases had been to endemic areas and had a history of living, working, travelling, or hunting in echinococcosis epidemic areas. CONCLUSION: Cases of echinococcosis were reported throughout the entire Yunnan province, with the majority distributed in Western Yunnan, suggesting that echinococcosis control should be strengthened in this area. We suggest that an epidemiological investigation should be carried out in the future, based on the clues from newly discovered cases in hospitals or from the CISDCP. The newly discovered cases in the hospital provided clues to comprehensively determine the location of cases and where epidemic spot investigation should be conducted.

7.
Transl Res ; 270: 13-23, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-ischemic angiogenesis is critical for perfusion recovery and tissue repair. ELABELA (ELA) plays an essential role in embryonic heart development and vasculogenesis. However, the mechanism of ELA on post-ischemic angiogenesis is poorly characterized. METHODS: We first assessed ELA expression after hind limb ischemia (HLI) in mice. We then established a HLI model in tamoxifen-inducible endothelial-ELA-specific knockout mice (ELAECKO) and assessed the rate of perfusion recovery, capillary density, and VEGFR2 pathway. Knockdown of ELA with lentivirus or siRNA and exogenous addition of ELA peptides were employed to analyze the effects of ELA on angiogenic capacity and VEGFR2 pathway in endothelial cells in vitro. The serum levels of ELA in healthy people and patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) were detected by a commercial ELISA kit. RESULTS: In murine HLI models, ELA was significantly up-regulated in the ischemic hindlimb. Endothelial-specific deletion of ELA impaired perfusion recovery and angiogenesis. In physiologic conditions, no significant difference in VEGFR2 expression was found between ELAECKO mice and ELAWT mice. After ischemia, the expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, and p-AKT was significantly lower in ELAECKO mice than in ELAWT mice. In cellular experiments, the knockdown of ELA inhibited endothelial cell proliferation and tube formation, and the addition of ELA peptides promoted proliferation and tube formation. Mechanistically, ELA upregulated the expression of VEGFR2, p-VEGFR2, and p-AKT in endothelial cells under hypoxic conditions. In clinical investigations, DFU patients had significantly lower serum levels of ELA compared to T2DM patients. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that endothelial ELA is a positive regulator of post-ischemic angiogenesis via upregulating VEGFR2 expression. Targeting ELA may be a potential therapeutic option for peripheral arterial diseases.

8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(7): 3814-3831, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329036

RESUMO

Common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a global staple food, while nitrogen (N) limitation severely hinders plant growth, seed yield, and grain quality of wheat. Genetic variations in the responses to low N stresses among allohexaploid wheat (AABBDD, 2n = 6x = 42) genotypes emphasize the complicated regulatory mechanisms underlying low N tolerance and N use efficiency (NUE). In this study, hydroponic culture, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, noninvasive microtest, high-performance liquid chromatography, RNA-seq, and bioinformatics were used to determine the differential growth performance, ionome and phytohormone profiles, and genome-wide expression profiling of wheat plants grown under high N and low N conditions. Transcriptional profiling of NPFs, NRT2s, CLCs, SLACs/SLAHs, AAPs, UPSs, NIAs, and GSs characterized the core members, such as TaNPF6.3-6D, TaNRT2.3-3D, TaNIA1-6B, TaGLN1;2-4B, TaAAP14-5A/5D, and TaUPS2-5A, involved in the efficient transport and assimilation of nitrate and organic N nutrients. The low-N-sensitivity wheat cultivar XM26 showed obvious leaf chlorosis and accumulated higher levels of ABA, JA, and SA than the low-N-tolerant ZM578 under N limitation. The TaMYB59-3D-TaNPF7.3/NRT1.5-6D module-mediated shoot-to-root translocation and leaf remobilization of nitrate was proposed as an important pathway regulating the differential responses between ZM578 and XM26 to low N. This study provides some elite candidate genes for the selection and breeding of wheat germplasms with low N tolerance and high NUE.


Assuntos
Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Triticum , Triticum/genética , Triticum/metabolismo , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Nitratos/metabolismo , Melhoramento Vegetal
9.
Theor Appl Genet ; 137(3): 54, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381205

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Integrated phenomics, ionomics, genomics, transcriptomics, and functional analyses present novel insights into the role of pectin demethylation-mediated cell wall Na+ retention in positively regulating salt tolerance in oilseed rape. Genetic variations in salt stress tolerance identified in rapeseed genotypes highlight the complicated regulatory mechanisms. Westar is ubiquitously used as a transgenic receptor cultivar, while ZS11 is widely grown as a high-production and good-quality cultivar. In this study, Westar was found to outperform ZS11 under salt stress. Through cell component isolation, non-invasive micro-test, X-ray energy spectrum analysis, and ionomic profile characterization, pectin demethylation-mediated cell wall Na+ retention was proposed to be a major regulator responsible for differential salt tolerance between Westar and ZS11. Integrated analyses of genome-wide DNA variations, differential expression profiling, and gene co-expression networks identified BnaC9.PME47, encoding a pectin methylesterase, as a positive regulator conferring salt tolerance in rapeseed. BnaC9.PME47, located in two reported QTL regions for salt tolerance, was strongly induced by salt stress and localized on the cell wall. Natural variation of the promoter regions conferred higher expression of BnaC9.PME47 in Westar than in several salt-sensitive rapeseed genotypes. Loss of function of AtPME47 resulted in the hypersensitivity of Arabidopsis plants to salt stress. The integrated multiomics analyses revealed novel insights into pectin demethylation-mediated cell wall Na+ retention in regulating differential salt tolerance in allotetraploid rapeseed genotypes. Furthermore, these analyses have provided key information regarding the rapid dissection of quantitative trait genes responsible for nutrient stress tolerance in plant species with complex genomes.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Brassica napus , Brassica rapa , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Brassica napus/genética , Pectinas , Estresse Salino , Parede Celular , Desmetilação
10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 146: 109372, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218420

RESUMO

The large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) stands as a cornerstone of mariculture in China due to its significant value. However, the threat of Pseudomonas plecoglossicida infection looms large, capable of triggering "visceral white spot disease" and subsequently inflicting severe economic ramifications. Through a prior genome-wide association analysis (GWAS) aimed at understanding the resistance of the large yellow croaker to this ailment, a pivotal player emerged: the complement component 1q binding protein, aptly named LcC1qbp. This protein assumes a crucial role in the activation of the complement system. This study delves deeper into the immune response by examining the expression patterns of LcC1QBP when confronted with P. plecoglossicida. The investigation into gene expression patterns reveals LcC1qbp's widespread presence, with its highest transcriptional abundance identified in the kidney tissues. Upon infection by P. plecoglossicida, the up-regulation of LcC1qbp in major immune organs manifests at both the transcriptional and translational levels. In the context of RNA interference, transcriptome analysis of C1qbp in HEK 293T cells uncovers 1327 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), featuring 41 significant immune genes. This includes pivotal components such as C1S and C3 of the complement system, along with IL11, IL12RB2, and Myd88, among others. The outcomes of enrichment analysis spotlight the prevalence of DEGs within key pathways like immune system development, myeloid leukocyte-mediated immunity, MAPK signaling, and other immune-related routes. By unveiling the immune response mechanisms of the large yellow croaker to P. plecoglossicida infection, this study bolsters our understanding. Furthermore, it lays the groundwork for pursuing effective strategies in both preventing and treating "visceral white spot disease" in the large yellow croaker.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Perciformes , Infecções por Pseudomonas , Animais , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Pseudomonas/genética , Imunidade , Perciformes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/genética
11.
Environ Res ; 246: 118133, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191047

RESUMO

Climate warming and atmospheric deposition are altering alpine lake ecosystems at unprecedented rates, whereas their direct and indirect effects on primary consumer communities are unclear. This study presents sedimentary multi-proxy records including chironomids, diatoms, elements and stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen in 210Pb-dated cores from two alpine lakes located above the timberline in the Taibai Mountain, eastern China. Before ∼2000 CE, chironomid communities were co-dominated by Heterotrissocladius marcidus-type and Micropsectra atrofasciata-type in the two lakes. Thereafter, Tanytarsus glabrescens-type increased rapidly to be a dominant species. Redundancy analyses (RDAs) revealed that chironomid fauna shifts were significantly correlated with rising diatom concentrations in both lakes, declining Ti content in the upstream lake and δ13C depletion in the downstream lake. Although temperature, precipitation and δ15N were not significant explanatory variables in RDAs, climate warming and atmospheric deposition likely promoted terrestrial and aquatic primary production, indicated by synchronous increases in organic matter contents and diatom concentrations in the two sediment cores. Since diatoms contain essential polyunsaturated fatty acids that are essential for chironomids, rising diatom concentrations can promote food quantity and quality. In addition, increased primary production would create organic substrates for chironomid larvae. Recent shifts in chironomid fauna driven by indirect effects of global warming and atmospheric deposition might be a widespread phenomenon in alpine lakes, probably triggering regime shifts in headwater lake ecosystems.


Assuntos
Chironomidae , Diatomáceas , Animais , Lagos/química , Ecossistema , China , Aquecimento Global
12.
Nano Lett ; 24(5): 1687-1694, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38253561

RESUMO

Revealing the in-depth structure-property relationship and designing specific capacity electrodes are particularly important for supercapacitors. Despite many efforts made to tune the composition and electronic structure of cobalt oxide for pseudocapacitance, insight into the [CoO]6 octahedron from the microstructure is still insufficient. Herein, we present a tunable [CoO]6 octahedron microstructure in LiCoO2 by a chemical delithiation process. The c-strained strain of the [CoO]6 octahedron is induced to form higher valence Co ions, and the (003) crystalline layer spacing increases to allow more rapid participation of OH- in the redox reaction. Interestingly, the specific capacity of L0.75CO2 is nearly four times higher than that of LiCoO2 at 10 mA g-1. The enhanced activity originated from the asymmetric strain [CoO]6 octahedra, resulting in enhanced electronic conductivity and Co-O hybridization for accelerated redox kinetics. This finding provides new insights into the modification strategy for pseudocapacitive transition metal oxides.

13.
Curr Mol Med ; 24(2): 252-263, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is widespread in the world's population, increasing the risk of many diseases. This study aimed to explore the regulatory effect and mechanism of astragaloside IV (ASIV)-mediated endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) exosomal LINC01963 in endothelial cells (HUVECs) impaired by high glucose. METHODS: Morphologies of exosomes were observed by light microscope and electron microscope. Immunofluorescence was used to identify EPCs and detect the expressions of caspase-1. LINC01963 was detected by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-3 were detected by Western Blot. Nanoparticle tracking analysis was carried out to analyze the exosome diameter. High-throughput sequencing was applied to screen target lncRNAs. The proliferation of endothelial cells was measured by cell counting kit-8 assay. The apoptosis level of HUVECs was detected by flow cytometry and TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End labeling. The levels of IL- 1ß, IL-18, ROS, SOD, MDA, and LDH were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: ASIV could promote the secretion of the EPC exosome. LINC01963 was obtained by high-throughput sequencing. It was observed that high glucose could inhibit the proliferation, reduce the level of SOD, the expression of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase- 1, increase the levels of IL-1ß, IL-18, ROS, MDA, and LDH, and promote apoptosis of HUVECs. Whereas LINC01963 could inhibit the apoptosis of HUVECs, the increase the expression of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1, and decrease the levels of IL-1ß, IL-18, ROS, MDA, and LDH. CONCLUSION: EPCs exosomal LINC01963 play an inhibitory role in high glucoseinduced pyroptosis and oxidative stress of HUVECs. This study provides new ideas and directions for treating hyperglycemia and researching exosomal lncRNAs.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais , Hiperglicemia , RNA Longo não Codificante , Saponinas , Triterpenos , Humanos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Interleucina-18 , Piroptose/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Caspase 1 , Glucose/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/farmacologia
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 168798, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38016557

RESUMO

Lake browning is widespread due to increased supply of dissolved organic carbon under climate warming and nitrogen deposition. However, multitrophic level responses to lake browning are poorly understood. Our study aims to explore such responses across multitrophic levels based on sedimentary records of diatoms, chrysophyte stomatocysts and chironomids in a remote headwater lake in the Three Gorges Reservoir region, central China. Although all biotic proxies were analysed in the same core, the timing of shifts in chironomids (1886 ± 18 CE) preceded that in chrysophyte stomatocysts (∼1914 ± 10 CE) and diatoms (∼1941 ± 6 CE). Shifts in biotic communities were closely linked to rising temperature, δ15N depletion (a proxy for nitrogen deposition), δ13C enrichment (a proxy for littoral moss expansion), as well as biotic interactions, whereas the relative importance of the driving forces varied among the three biotic groups. Our results suggest that the zoobenthos grazing effect might be more important than bottom-up pathways in humic environments. Additionally, the coexistence of benthic, littoral and pelagic algae after the 1950s suggested that mixotrophic chrysophytes could reduce lake browning through heterotrophic processes and sustain the ecological equilibrium between littoral, pelagic and benthic productivity. Therefore, lake browning ecosystem regime shifts require analyses of multiple trophic levels. Our results suggest that heterotrophy may become more important in lake ecosystem carbon cycling with water brownification in Mulong Lake, as well as similar montane lakes.


Assuntos
Diatomáceas , Resiliência Psicológica , Lagos , Ecossistema , Plantas , Nitrogênio
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 667-672, 2024.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1016623

RESUMO

Ten compounds were isolated and purified from ethanol extracts of dried roots bark of Polygala tenuifolia Willd. by various chromatography techniques such as silica gel and Sephadex LH-20. Their structures were identified by analysis of physicochemical properties and spectral data, and determined as β-sitosterol (1), tenuifolin (2), 6-methoxy coumarin (3), 7-phenyl-1-hydroxy-2,3,6-trimethoxyxanthone (4), 1,8-dihydroxy-3,4,7-trimethoxyanthone (5), mangiferin (6), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside (7), rutin (8), syringaldehyde (9), salicylicacid (10). Among them, compounds 3, 4 and 5 were isolated from the genus of Ploygala for the first time and compound 4 was a new xanthone. The acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of compounds 3, 4 and 5 were evaluated by Ellman colorimetric method, compounds 3 and 5 exhibited moderate inhibitory activity, compound 4 exhibited weak inhibitory activity.

16.
Sci Total Environ ; 912: 169418, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38104813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have explored the relationship between air pollution and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases (CVMDs). Accumulating evidence has indicated that gut microbiota deeply affects the risk of CVMDs. However, the findings are controversial and the causality remains uncertain. To evaluate whether there is the causal association of four air pollutants with 19 CVMDs and the potential effect of gut microbiota on these relationships. METHODS: Genetic instruments for particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 µm (PM2.5), <10 µm (PM10), PM2.5 absorbance, nitrogen oxides (NOx) and 211 gut microbiomes were screened. Univariable Mendelian randomization (UVMR) was used to estimate the causal effect of air pollutants on CVMDs in multiple MR methods. Additionally, to account for the phenotypic correlation among pollutant, the adjusted model was constructed using multivariable Mendelian randomization (MVMR) analysis to strength the reliability of the predicted associations. Finally, gut microbiome was assessed for the mediated effect on the associations of identified pollutants with CVMDs. RESULTS: Causal relationships between NOx and angina, heart failure and hypercholesterolemia were observed in UVMR. After adjustment for air pollutants in MVMR models, the genetic correlations between PM2.5 and hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity remained significant and robust. In addition, genus-ruminococcaceae-UCG003 mediated 7.8 % of PM2.5-effect on T2DM. CONCLUSIONS: This study firstly provided the genetic evidence linking air pollution to CVMDs and gut microbiota may mediate the association of PM2.5 with T2DM. Our findings highlight the significance of air quality in CVMDs risks and suggest the potential of modulating intestinal microbiota as novel therapeutic targets between air pollution and CVMDs.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Doenças Metabólicas , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Exposição Ambiental , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia
17.
Analyst ; 149(3): 729-734, 2024 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38131397

RESUMO

Nowadays, easy, convenient, and sensitive sensing strategies are still critical for organophosphorus pesticides in environmental water samples. Herein, a novel organophosphorus pesticide (OP) assay based on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and a MnO2 nanosheet-mediated CRISPR/Cas12a reaction is reported. The single-strand DNA (ssDNA) activator of CRISPR/Cas12a was simply adsorbed on the MnO2 nanosheets as the nanoswitches of the assay. In the absence of target OPs, AChE hydrolyzed acetylcholine (ATCh) to thiocholine (TCh), which reduced the MnO2 nanosheets to Mn2+, resulting in the release of the activator followed by activation of the CRISPR/Cas12a system. The activated Cas12a thereafter nonspecifically cleaved the FAM/BHQ1-labeled ssDNA (FQ-reporter), producing a fluorescence signal. Upon the addition of target OPs, the hydrolysis of ATCh by AChE was inhibited owing to OPs combining with AChE, and thus effective quantification of OPs could be achieved by measuring the fluorescence changes of the system. As a proof of concept, dichlorvos (DDVP) was chosen as a model OP analyte to address the feasibility of the proposed method. Attributed to the excellent trans-cleavage activity of Cas12a, the fluorescent biosensor exhibits a satisfactory limit of detection (LOD) for DDVP at 0.135 ng mL-1. In addition, the excellent recoveries for the detection of DDVP in environmental water samples demonstrate the applicability of the proposed assay in real sample research.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Praguicidas , Praguicidas/análise , Compostos Organofosforados , Acetilcolinesterase/genética , Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Diclorvós , Água , Compostos de Manganês , Óxidos , Acetilcolina , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
18.
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 21840, 2023 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38071389

RESUMO

We theoretically propose a scheme to generate distant bipartite entanglement between various subsystems in coupled magnomechanical systems where both the microwave cavities are coupled through single photon hopping coupling strength Γ. Each cavity contains a magnon mode and phonon mode and this gives six excitation modes in our model Hamiltonian which are cavity-1 photons, cavity-2 photons, magnon and phonon in cavity-1, and magnon and phonon in cavity-2. We found that significant bipartite entanglement exists between indirectly coupled subsystems in coupled microwave cavities for an appropriate set of parameters regime. Moreover, we also obtain suitable cavity and magnon detuning parameters for a significant distant bipartite entanglement in different bipartitions. In addition, it can be seen that a single photon hopping parameter significantly affects both the degree as well as the transfer of quantum entanglement between various bipartitions. Hence, our present study related to coupled microwave cavity magnomechanical configuration will open new perspectives in coherent control of various quantum correlations including quantum state transfer among macroscopic quantum systems.

19.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1269473, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38026396

RESUMO

Objective: This article aimed to evaluate the efficiency trends and influencing factors of essential public health services in Hainan Province after the healthcare reform launched in 2009 in China. Methods: The efficiency of essential public health services (EPHS) at primary health institutions was assessed using data envelopment analysis (DEA), and the efficiency change was analyzed by employing the Malmquist productivity index (MPI). We used Tobit regression to identify the influence of environmental factors on the efficiency of public health services. The bootstrap method was adopted to reduce the impact of random errors on the result. Results: The bootstrapping bias-corrected efficiency revealed that the average values of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, and scale efficiency were 0.7582, 0.8439, and 0.8997, respectively, which meant that the EPHS in Hainan Province were not at the most effective state. The average bias-corrected MPI was 1.0407 between 2010 and 2011 and 1.7404 between 2011 and 2012. MPIs were less than 1.0000 during other periods investigated, ranging from 0.8948 to 0.9714, indicating that the efficiency of EPHS has been decreasing since 2013. The Tobit regression showed that the regression coefficients of per capita GDP, population density, the proportion of older people aged over 65, and the proportion of ethnic minority population were 0.0286, -0.0003, -0.0316, and - 0.0041 respectively, which were statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusion: There was a short-term improvement in the efficiency of EPHS in Hainan after the launch of the new round of health reform. However, this trend has not been sustained after 2013. In particular, equalized financial investment in essential public health could not fulfill the needs of poor counties. This has resulted in the inability to improve scale efficiency in some counties, which in turn has affected the improvement of overall EPHS efficiency. Therefore, to promote EPHS efficiency sustainably, it is suggested that under this model of provincial control of counties, the equity of resource allocation should be effectively improved while further advancing the technology of service delivery.


Assuntos
Eficiência Organizacional , Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Idoso , Etnicidade , Grupos Minoritários , China , Serviços de Saúde
20.
ACS Appl Bio Mater ; 6(12): 5252-5263, 2023 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37955977

RESUMO

The surface modification of biologically active factors on tissue-engineering vascular scaffold fails to fulfill the mechanical property and bioactive compounds' sustained release in vivo and results in the inhibition of tissue regeneration of small-diameter vascular grafts in vascular replacement therapies. In this study, biodegradable poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) was applied for scaffold preparation, and poly(ethylene glycol) (PG) hydrogel was used to load heparin and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). In vitro analysis demonstrated that the PCL scaffold could inhibit the heparin release from the PG hydrogel, and the PG hydrogel could inhibit heparin release during the process of PCL degradation. Finally, it results in sustained release of HGF and heparin from the PCL-PG-HGF scaffold. The mechanical property of this hybrid scaffold improved after being coated with the PG hydrogel. In addition, the PCL-PG-HGF scaffold illustrated no inflammatory lesions, organ damage, or biological toxicity in all primary organs, with rapid organization of the endothelial cell layer, smooth muscle regeneration, and extracellular matrix formation. These results indicated that the PCL-PG-HGF scaffold is biocompatible and provides a microenvironment in which a tissue-engineered vascular graft with anticoagulant properties allows regeneration of vascular tissue (Scheme 1). Such findings confirm the feasibility of creating hydrogel scaffolds coated with bioactive factors to prepare novel vascular grafts.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/farmacologia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/farmacologia , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Heparina/farmacologia
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