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1.
Chin J Dent Res ; 27(1): 75-82, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546522

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive overview of the current knowledge structure and research hotspots of Cowden syndrome via bibliometrics. METHODS: The articles and reviews related to Cowden syndrome were included from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) database. VOSviewer, CiteSpace and GraphPad Prism were used to conduct the bibliometric analysis. RESULTS: The number of papers focusing on Cowden syndrome was relatively low initially but increased rapidly from 1997 to 1999, and then maintained small-scale fluctuation. A total of 1,557 papers from 65 countries/regions and 1,762 institutions were identified. The USA was the most productive country, and Ohio State University was the most productive institution. In terms of the number of publications, Human Molecular Genetics ranked first, and Cancer Research was the most frequently cited journal. Eng was the most productive author, and Liaw was the most co-cited author. Phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN), germline mutations, gene, cancer, mutations, tumour suppressor gene and breast were high-frequency key words in this field. CONCLUSION: This study was the first comprehensive bibliometric overview of the current state and development of Cowden disease. The mutation of PTEN and associated cancers, especially breast, thyroid and endometrial cancer, could be the focus of future research in this field.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo , Humanos , Feminino , Síndrome do Hamartoma Múltiplo/genética , Bibliometria , Mama , Bases de Dados Factuais
2.
Exp Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 33, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral microbial dysbiosis contributes to the development of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Our previous study showed that Prevotella intermedia (P. intermedia) were enriched in the oral mucosal surface, plaque, and saliva of patients with OSCC. Intratumoral microbiome could reshape the immune system and influence the development of various tumors. However, the invasion status of human OSCC tissues by P. intermedia and the pathway through which intratumoral P. intermedia potentiates tumor progression remain unexplored. METHODS: P. intermedia in human OSCC or normal tissues was detected by FISH. A mouse OSCC cell line SCC7 was adopted to investigate the effects of heat-killed P. intermedia treatment on cell proliferation, invasion, and cytokine release by using CCK-8 assay, transwell invasion assay and ELISA. Moreover, we established a mouse transplanted tumor model by using SCC7 cells, injected heat-killed P. intermedia into tumor tissues, and investigated the effects of heat-killed P. intermedia on tumor growth, invasion, cytokine levels, immune cell infiltrations, and expression levels by using gross observation, H&E staining, ELISA, immunohistochemistry, mRNA sequencing, and transcriptomic analysis. RESULTS: Our results indicated that P. intermedia were abundant in OSCC and surrounding muscle tissues. Heat-killed P. intermedia promoted SCC7 cell proliferation, invasion and proinflammatory cytokine secretions, accelerated transplanted tumor growth in mice, exacerbate muscle and perineural invasion of OSCC, elevated the serum levels of IL-17A, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and PD-L1, induced Treg cells M2 type macrophages in mouse transplanted tumors. The data of transcriptomic analysis revealed that heat-killed P. intermedia increased the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines while reduced the expression levels of some tumor suppressor genes in mouse transplanted tumors. Additionally, IL-17 signaling pathway was upregulated whereas GABAergic system was downregulated by heat-killed P. intermedia treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results suggest that P. intermedia could inhibit the expression of tumor suppressors, alter the tumor microenvironment, and promote the progression of OSCC.

3.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 65(3)2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38426334

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The 9th edition of tumour-node-metastasis (TNM) staging for lung cancer was announced by Prof Hisao Asamura at the 2023 World Conference on Lung Cancer in Singapore. The purpose of this study was to externally validate and compare the latest staging of lung cancer. METHODS: We collected 19 193 patients with stage IA-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent lobectomy from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database. Survival analysis by TNM stages was compared using the Kaplan-Meier method and further analysed using univariable and multivariable Cox regression analyses. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to assess model accuracy, Akaike information criterion, Bayesian information criterion and consistency index were used to compare the prognostic, predictive ability between the current 8th and 9th edition TNM classification. RESULTS: The 9th edition of the TNM staging system can better distinguish between IB and IIA patients on the survival curve (P < 0.0001). In both univariable and multivariable regression analysis, the 9th edition of the TNM staging system can differentiate any 2 adjacent staging patients more evenly than the 8th edition. The 9th and the 8th edition TNM staging have similar predictive power and accuracy for the overall survival of patients with NSCLC [TNM 9th vs 8th, area under the curve: 62.4 vs 62.3; Akaike information criterion: 166 182.1 vs 166 131.6; Bayesian information criterion: 166 324.3 vs 166 273.8 and consistency index: 0.650 (0.003) vs 0.651(0.003)]. CONCLUSIONS: Our external validation demonstrates that the 9th edition of TNM staging for NSCLC is reasonable and valid. The 9th edition of TNM staging for NSCLC has near-identical prognostic accuracy to the 8th edition.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Teorema de Bayes , Prognóstico
4.
Thorac Cancer ; 15(9): 715-721, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38362771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The data of the prognostic role of V-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B1 (BRAF) mutations in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients is scarce. This study aimed to investigate the proportion, clinicopathological features, and prognostic significance of patients with stage I LUAD carrying BRAF mutations. METHODS: We collected 431 patients with pathological stage I LUAD from cBioPortal for Cancer Genomics and 1604 LUAD patients tested for BRAF V600E and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital. Survival curves were drawn by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by log-rank test. Cox proportional hazard models, propensity-score matching (PSM), and overlap weighting (OW) were performed in this study. The primary endpoint was recurrence-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: The proportion of BRAF mutations was estimated at 5.6% in a Caucasian cohort. BRAF V600E mutations were detected in six (1.4%) patients in Caucasian populations and 16 (1.0%) patients in Chinese populations. Two BRAF V600E-mutant patients were detected to have concurrent EGFR mutations, one for 19-del and one for L858R. For pathological stage I LUAD patients, BRAF mutations were not significantly associated with worse RFS than wild-type BRAF patients (HR = 1.111; p = 0.885). After PSM and OW, similar results were presented (HR = 1.352; p = 0.742 and HR = 1.246; p = 0.764, respectively). BRAF V600E mutation status also lacked predictive significance for RFS (HR, 1.844; p = 0.226; HR = 1.144; p = 0.831 and HR = 1.466; p = 0.450, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we demonstrated that BRAF status may not be capable of predicting prognosis in stage I LUAD patients. There is a need for more data to validate our findings.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Prognóstico , China , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Mutação , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Receptores ErbB/genética
5.
Cancer Biol Med ; 21(1)2024 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172538

RESUMO

The intricate interplay between the human immune system and cancer development underscores the central role of immunotherapy in cancer treatment. Within this landscape, the innate immune system, a critical sentinel protecting against tumor incursion, is a key player. The cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) and stimulator of interferon genes (STING) pathway has been found to be a linchpin of innate immunity: activation of this signaling pathway orchestrates the production of type I interferon (IFN-α/ß), thus fostering the maturation, differentiation, and mobilization of immune effectors in the tumor microenvironment. Furthermore, STING activation facilitates the release and presentation of tumor antigens, and therefore is an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy. Current strategies to activate the STING pathway, including use of pharmacological agonists, have made substantial advancements, particularly when combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors. These approaches have shown promise in preclinical and clinical settings, by enhancing patient survival rates. This review describes the evolving understanding of the cGAS-STING pathway's involvement in tumor biology and therapy. Moreover, this review explores classical and non-classical STING agonists, providing insights into their mechanisms of action and potential for optimizing immunotherapy strategies. Despite challenges and complexities, the cGAS-STING pathway, a promising avenue for enhancing cancer treatment efficacy, has the potential to revolutionize patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Transdução de Sinais , Humanos , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Imunoterapia , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
Org Lett ; 25(44): 8027-8032, 2023 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37916762

RESUMO

An organocatalytic asymmetric [3 + 2] cycloaddition of ß-trifluoromethyl enones with 3-(N-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) benzothiophene ketimines and 2-(N-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl) benzothiophene ketimines was described for the first time. A wide spectrum of vicinally bis(trifluoromethyl)-substituted spiro pyrrolidine-benzothiophenones were obtained with excellent stereocontrol (all cases >20:1 dr and up to 99% ee). The highlight of this work is the extremely high efficiency in the construction of spirocyclic benzothiophenone derivatives possessing a vicinally bis(trifluoromethyl)-substituted pyrrolidine moiety with four contiguous stereocenters.

7.
Eur J Med Res ; 28(1): 250, 2023 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37481562

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The onset of oral leukoplakia (OLK), the most common oral lesion with a high risk of malignant transformation, is closely associated with the exposure of cigarette smoke. Cigarette smoke is a complicated mixture of more than 4500 different chemicals including various oxidants and free radical, which contributes to the onset of immune and inflammatory response or even carcinogenesis. Recent studies have proved that the exposure of cigarette smoke leads to the onset and aggravation of many diseases via significantly changed the production and components of extracellular vesicles. The extracellular vesicles are membrane-enclosed nanosized particles secreted by diverse cells and involved in cell-cell communication because of their ability to deliver a number of bioactive molecules including proteins, lipids, DNAs and RNAs. Getting insight into the mechanisms of extracellular vesicles in regulating OLK upon cigarette smoke stimulation contributes to unravel the pathophysiology of OLK in-depth. However, evidence done on the role of extracellular vesicles in cigarette smoke-induced OLK is still in its infancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Relevant literatures on cigarette smoke, oral leukoplakia and extracellular vesicles were searched in PubMed database. CONCLUSIONS: In this review, we summarize the recent findings about the function of extracellular vesicles in the pathogenesis of cigarette smoke-induced diseases, and to infer their potential utilizations as diagnostic biomarkers, prognostic evaluation, and therapeutic targets of OLK in the future.


Assuntos
Fumar Cigarros , Vesículas Extracelulares , Humanos , Carcinogênese , Leucoplasia Oral/etiologia , PubMed
8.
Cancer Cell ; 41(6): 1118-1133.e12, 2023 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37267951

RESUMO

Cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) is the major sensor for cytosolic DNA and activates type I interferon signaling and plays an essential role in antitumor immunity. However, it remains unclear whether the cGAS-mediated antitumor activity is affected by nutrient status. Here, our study reports that methionine deprivation enhances cGAS activity by blocking its methylation, which is catalyzed by methyltransferase SUV39H1. We further show that methylation enhances the chromatin sequestration of cGAS in a UHRF1-dependent manner. Blocking cGAS methylation enhances cGAS-mediated antitumor immunity and suppresses colorectal tumorigenesis. Clinically, cGAS methylation in human cancers correlates with poor prognosis. Thus, our results indicate that nutrient stress promotes cGAS activation via reversible methylation, and suggest a potential therapeutic strategy for targeting cGAS methylation in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Cromatina , Metionina , Humanos , Cromatina/genética , Metionina/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , DNA , Imunidade Inata , Desmetilação , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética
9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 42(1): 152, 2023 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37353792

RESUMO

Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection may activate viral-specific T cells to attack HBV infected hepatocytes and thus induce immune-related liver injury. Therefore, it is important to deeply understand the impacts of HBV infection on HCC immune microenvironment in order to better design effective immunotherapies for HBV+ (HBV infected) HCC patients. Here, We performed cytometry by time-of-flight (CyTOF) analyses to characterize the distinct immune compositions of HCC tumors, tumor borders, and their associations with HCC/HBV related clinical characteristics. We identified 31 distinct immune clusters and found significant associations between immune signatures with clinicopathological features of HCC. We further revealed the HBV infection had more effects on shaping immune compositions in tumor borders than in tumors, with the significant enrichment of HBV-specific PD-1+CD8+ tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells in tumor borders of HBV+ patients. We confirmed this subset with a more exhausted phenotype and respond more actively under anti-PD-L1 treatment, suggesting its involvement in immune-related liver injury induced by ICB treatment to HBV+ HCC patients. Our study shows it may be necessary to consider antiviral prophylaxis for HBV+ HCC patients receiving ICB treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Hepatite B/complicações , Fibrose , Análise de Célula Única , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 120: 110306, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37201410

RESUMO

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a T cell-mediated inflammatory-immune disease in which CD4+ T cells may be significantly involved in the dysregulated immune response. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) critically control gene expression post-transcriptionally and regulate the immune response and inflammation. Here, we explored the expression profiles of circulating miRs (miR-19b, miR-31, and miR-181a), which can modulate CD4+ T cell activation, differentiation, and immune function. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that miR-31 and miR-181a dramatically decreased in peripheral CD4+ T cells, whereas they markedly increased in the plasma of OLP patients, especially in the erosive form. However, no significant differences were observed in the expression of miR-19b in CD4+ T cells and plasma between OLP patients and healthy controls or between different forms of OLP. Moreover, miR-31 expression positively correlated with the miR-181a expression in the CD4+ T cells and plasma of OLP patients. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses indicated that miR-31 and miR-181a, rather than miR-19b, in CD4+ T cells and plasma could discriminate OLP, especially erosive OLP, from healthy controls. In conclusion, there were different expression profiles of circulating miR-31 and miR-181a in CD4+ T cells and plasma of patients with OLP, which could synergistically serve as potential biomarkers for OLP.


Assuntos
Líquen Plano Bucal , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos , Diferenciação Celular , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
11.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 242(Pt 2): 124868, 2023 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37201885

RESUMO

Holocellulose was extracted from wheat straw and catalytically transformed into carboxymethylated holocellulose (CMHCS) to prepare a biodegradable composite film. By changing the type and amount of catalyst, the carboxymethylation of the holocellulose was optimized with respect to the degree of substitution (DS). A high DS of 2.46 was achieved in the presence of a cocatalyst composed of polyethylene glycol and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide. The effect of DS on the properties of CMHCS-derived biodegradable composite films was further investigated. Compared to pristine holocellulose, the mechanical properties of the composite film were significantly improved and increased with increasing DS. The tensile strength, elongation at break, and Young's modulus increased from 6.58 MPa, 51.4 %, and 26.13 MPa for the unmodified holocellulose-based composite film to 14.81 MPa, 89.36 %, and 81.73 MPa for the film derived from the CMHCS with a DS of 2.46. The biodegradability of the composite film was assessed under soil burial biodisintegration conditions and reached 71.5 % degradation after 45 d. Additionally, a possible degradation process for the composite film was proposed. The results indicated that the CMHCS-derived composite film has good comprehensive performance, and CMHCS is expected to be applied in the field of biodegradable composite materials.


Assuntos
Triticum , Resistência à Tração , Metilação
12.
Cancers (Basel) ; 15(6)2023 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36980604

RESUMO

This study aimed to construct an effective nomogram based on the clinical and oxidative stress-related characteristics to predict the prognosis of stage I lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). A retrospective study was performed on 955 eligible patients with stage I LUAD after surgery at our hospital. The relationship between systematic-oxidative-stress biomarkers and the prognosis was analyzed. The systematic oxidative stress score (SOS) was established based on three biochemical indicators, including serum creatinine (CRE), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and uric acid (UA). SOS was an independent prognostic factor for stage I LUADs, and the nomogram based on SOS and clinical characteristics could accurately predict the prognosis of these patients. The nomogram had a high concordance index (C-index) (0.684, 95% CI, 0.656-0.712), and the calibration curves for recurrence-free survival (RFS) probabilities showed a strong agreement between the nomogram prediction and actual observation. Additionally, the patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off value of risk points based on the nomogram, and a significant difference in RFS was observed between the high-risk and low-risk groups (p < 0.0001). SOS is an independent prognostic indicator for stage I LUAD. These things considered, the constructed nomogram based on SOS could accurately predict the survival of those patients.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674134

RESUMO

Beijing has experienced rapid economic development since the reforms and opening up. However, the traditional development model based on excessive energy consumption has posed great challenges to the ecological environment. To curb environmental degradation and achieve sustainable social development, Beijing has proposed to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. As an important indicator of energy consumption, it is necessary to clarify how energy intensity (EI) affects carbon emissions (CE) to achieve carbon neutrality in Beijing by 2050. This study first decomposes the drivers of CE in Beijing from 2010 to 2020 using the logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) method and comparatively analyses the impact of EI on CE. Then, the spatial Dubin model (SDM) is used to analyse the spatial spillover effect of EI on CE at the regional level. Finally, the macro moderating role of economic development in the effect of EI on CE is analysed. The results show that the effect of EI has been the main driver of CE reduction in Beijing. Among the industrial sectors, manufacturing and transportation have had the greatest success in reducing CE through EI reduction. At the regional level, there is a spatial spillover effect of EI on CE, and the effect of carbon reduction through the spillover effect of EI is greater than the direct effect of EI. Economic factors have an enhanced moderating effect on the process of EI affecting CE, and this moderating effect has threshold properties.


Assuntos
Carbono , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Pequim , Carbono/análise , Indústrias , Comércio , Dióxido de Carbono/análise , China
14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-979915

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo identify causal factors of a case of severe Chlamydia psittaci pneumonia in Yangpu District and provide a scientific basis for effective prevention and control. MethodsBasic information and epidemiological data of the patient were collected through telephone interviews and field epidemiological surveys. Specimens from the patient, close contacts and the environment were collected for pathogen detection. Metagenomics next-generation sequencing (mNGS) was used to identify unknown pathogens. ResultsA 65-year-old male patient with a history of hypertension and diabetes was admitted to the hospital with symptoms of fatigue, poor appetite for a week, fever and cough for four days. A chest computer tomography (CT) scan showed scattered inflammation in the left lung with infiltration of multiple lobes. Blood gas analysis showed type I respiratory failure. The results of mNGS on the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the patient indicated that he was infected with Chlamydia psittaci. Epidemiological investigation showed a clear history of avian exposure, with an incubation period of 30 days. ConclusionThis serious pneumonia is a zoonotic disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci. A clear history of avian exposure and the use of mNGS technology can help in the timely diagnosis of this disease.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-987055

RESUMO

@#Recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU) is one of the most common diseases of the oral mucosa. At present, no effective method is available for RAU treatment, especially for refractory RAU, which significantly affects patients’ oral health and quality of life. Research shows that combination with systemic diseases greatly increases the difficulty of curing refractory RAU, making conventional oral ulcer treatment harder to perform effectively. This is probably because dentists commonly only focus on handling oral ulcers but neglect to think about the etiology of oral ulcers from a holistic perspective. Thus, we summarized some conditions of refractory RAU accompanied by systemic diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease, iron deficiency anemia, diabetes mellitus, Behçet’s disease, Reiter’s syndrome, sprue syndrome, Sutton syndrome, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. We also outlined the treatment principles of these patients. To be specific, on the one hand, dentists should cooperate with the relevant specialists to treat the systemic diseases, while on the other hand they should take measures including topical/general use of medicine, local physical therapy, Traditional Chinese medicine treatment, and psychotherapy for RAU management. This paper aims to provide clinicians with a more comprehensive understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of refractory RAU, in order to make personalized treatment plans for patients and improve the clinical efficacy of refractory RAU.

16.
Opt Express ; 30(26): 47970-47982, 2022 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36558713

RESUMO

The laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) experimental platform was applied to obtain LIBS spectral the data of 10 CL60 wheel steel samples. The principle component analysis (PCA) was used to preliminarily analyze the macroscopic characteristics of LIBS spectral data. With the spectral intensity and spectral intensity combined with spectral intensity ratio as variables, three spectral correction methods including median filtering, baseline correction and multiple scattering correction (MSC) were used for pretreatment. And the support vector machine (SVM) qualitative model was established to determine the metallographic structure. It was found that the SVM model established by using the pre-processed data of MSC as the input variable has the best effect. The accuracy rate of calibration set is 100%, and the accuracy rate of prediction set is 98.4%. The research has shown that LIBS combined with SVM model can be used for discriminant analysis of different metallographic structures of train wheel steel.

17.
Front Immunol ; 13: 1011590, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36311750

RESUMO

Background: Current stratification systems for tumor prognostic prediction and immunotherapeutic efficacy evaluation are less satisfying in colorectal cancer (CRC). As infiltrating immune cells in tumor microenvironment (TME) played a key role in tumor progression and responses to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy, we want to construct an immune-related scoring system with detailed immune profiles to stratify CRC patients. Methods: We developed a scoring system based on immune-related signatures and validated its ability to predict prognosis and immunotherapeutic outcomes in CRC. CD45+ cells from CRC patients were sorted to investigate detailed immune profiles of the stratification system using mass cytometry. A single-cell RNA sequencing dataset was used to analyze transcriptomic profiles. Results: We constructed an immune-related signature score (IRScore) based on 54 recurrence-free survival (RFS)-related immune signatures to stratify CRC patients. We revealed that IRScore was positively correlated with RFS and favorable outcomes in ICB treatment. Moreover, we depicted a detailed immune profile in TME using mass cytometry and identified that CD103+CD39+ T cells, characterized by an exhaustive, cytotoxic and proliferative phenotype, were enriched in CRC patients with high IRScore. As a beneficial immune signature, CD103+CD39+ T cells could predict prognosis and responses to ICB therapy in CRC. Conclusions: All the analyses above revealed that IRScore could be a valuable tool for predicting prognosis and facilitating the development of new therapeutic strategies in CRC, and CD103+CD39+ T cells were one of defined immune signatures in IRScore, which might be a key factor for antitumor immunity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Linfócitos T , Humanos , Linfócitos T/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Prognóstico , Imunoterapia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Inflamm Res ; 71(10-11): 1203-1212, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adenosine, acting as a regulator by mediating the activation of G protein-coupled adenosine receptor families (A1, A2A, A2B, and A3), plays an important role under physiological and pathological conditions. As the receptor with the highest affinity for adenosine, the role of adenosine A1 receptor (A1R)-mediated adenosine signaling pathway in the central nervous system has been well addressed. However, functions of A1R on immune cells are less summarized. Considering that some immune cells express multiple types of adenosine receptors with distinct effects and varied density, exogenous adenosine of different concentrations may induce divergent immune cell functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literatures about the expression of A1R and its regulation on immune cells and how it regulates the function of immune cells were searched on PubMed and Google Scholar. CONCLUSION: In this review, we discussed the effects of A1R on immune cells, including monocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, dendritic cells, and microglia, and focused on the role of A1R in regulating immune cells in diseases, which may facilitate our understanding of the mechanisms by which adenosine affects immune cells through A1R.


Assuntos
Adenosina , Receptor A1 de Adenosina , Receptor A1 de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adenosina/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Microglia/metabolismo
19.
Front Chem ; 10: 969962, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35936086

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease characterized by rapid progression and frequent comorbidities that make its treatment challenging. Nanomaterial-based strategies have been extensively studied to target the GI mucosal immune system in recent years. Herein, we propose a novel apigenin-Mn(II) loaded sodium hyaluronate nanoparticles where apigenin (API) was incorporated in the Mn2+ ramework, coated with hyaluronic acid. The apigenin-Mn(II) loaded sodium hyaluronate nanoparticles (API-Mn(II)@HA NPs) exhibited a diameter of 200 nm and were effective against UC. The preparation of the API-Mn(II) complex was relatively simple, and the mechanism underlying its therapeutic effect on UC induced by sodium dextran sulfate (DSS) was studied in detail. We found that API-Mn(II)@HA nanoparticles could effectively repair the intestinal barrier and significantly improve the damaged colon tissue by mediating inflammatory factors. This study provides novel insights on a new kind of active targeted nanoparticle for improving the efficacy of drugs for UC treatment.

20.
Front Immunol ; 13: 887892, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35720399

RESUMO

Objectives: Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) can induce herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Immune cells play an important role in regulating HZ and PHN pathogenesis, but the dynamic immune profiles and molecular mechanisms remain unclear. This study aimed to screen dynamic immune signatures during HZ progression and elucidate the mechanism of VZV-specific T cells in PHN. Methods: We used cytometry by time-of-flight (CyTOF) to analyze peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) samples from 45 patients with HZ and eight age-sex-matched healthy controls, eight PHN samples and seven non-PHN samples. Correlations between the immune subsets and clinical pain-related scores were performed. Further, the characteristics of VZV-specific T cells between PHN and non-PHN patients were evaluated by VZV peptide pools stimulation. The expression level of cytokines, including granzyme B, interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-γ, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was performed via cytometric bead array. Finally, we analyzed the alteration of Ca2+ signals in dorsal root ganglion (DRG)-derived cells after TNF-α stimulation. Results: We investigated the dynamic characteristics of the immune landscape of peripheral blood samples of patients with HZ and PHN, and depicted two major dynamic signatures in NK, CD4+ and CD8+ T subsets in patients with HZ, which closely correlated with clinical pain-related scores. The frequency of PD-1+CD4+ T cells, VZV-specific PD-1+CD4+ T cells, and the amount of TNF-α produced by VZV-specific T cells were higher in patients with PHN than without PHN. Furthermore, we showed that TNF-α could induce calcium influx in DRG-derived cells in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions: Our results profiled the dynamic signatures of immune cells in patients with HZ and highlighted the important role of VZV-specific T cells in the pathogenesis of PHN.


Assuntos
Herpes Zoster , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Herpesvirus Humano 3 , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/etiologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , Linfócitos T , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
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