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1.
Cad Saude Publica ; 40(2): e00022623, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381867

RESUMO

The persistent symptoms of post-COVID-19 syndrome negatively impact health, quality of life, and productivity. This study aimed to describe the persistent symptoms of post-COVID-19 syndrome (especially neurological ones) and their 12-month post-infection cognitive, emotional, motor, quality of life, and indirect cost repercussions. Patients showing the first symptoms of COVID-19 from January to June 2021 who developed post-COVID-19 syndrome and sought care at the Fortaleza Unit (Ceará, Brazil) of the SARAH Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals were included in this study. Information was obtained at the baseline follow-up and by telephone interview 12 months post-infection. In total, 58 people participated in this study with an average age of 52.8±10.5 years, of which 60% required an ICU. The most frequent symptoms on admission included fatigue (64%), arthralgia (51%), and dyspnea (47%), whereas, after 12 months, fatigue (46%) and memory impairment (39%). The following scales/functional tests showed alterations: PCFS, MoCA, HAD, FSS, SF-36, TLS5x, timed up and go, 6-minute walk, and handgrip. Indirect costs totaled USD 227,821.00, with 11,653 days of absenteeism. Moreover, 32% of patients were unable to return to work. Better TLS5x and higher SF-36 scores in the functional capacity, physical functioning, vitality, and pain dimensions were associated with return to work (p ≤ 0.05). The most frequent persistent symptoms referred to fatigue, arthralgia, dyspnea, anxiety, and depression, which negatively affected cognitive, emotional, and motor function and quality of life. These symptoms lasted for over a year, especially fatigue and memory alteration, the latter of which being the most reported after COVID-19 infections. Results also show a significant difficulty returning to work and indirect costs of USD 4,847.25 per person/year.


Os sintomas persistentes da síndrome pós-COVID-19 acarretam impactos negativos na saúde, qualidade de vida e produtividade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os sintomas persistentes da síndrome pós-COVID-19, principalmente neurológicos, e as repercussões cognitivas, emocionais, motoras, de qualidade de vida e de custos indiretos, 12 meses após a infecção. Pacientes com primeiros sintomas entre janeiro e junho de 2021 evoluíram com síndrome pós-COVID-19 e procuraram atendimento na unidade da Rede SARAH de Hospitais de Reabilitação em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. As informações foram obtidas no início do acompanhamento e por entrevista telefônica após 12 meses da infecção. Participaram do estudo 58 pessoas, com idade média de 52,8 anos (±10,5) e 60% permaneceram em UTI. Os sintomas mais frequentes na admissão foram: fadiga (64%), artralgia (51%) e dispneia (47%); e após 12 meses: fadiga (46%) e alteração de memória (39%). Foram identificadas alterações nas escalas/testes funcionais: PCFS, MoCA, HAD, FSS, SF-36, TLS5x, Timed up and go, caminhada de 6 minutos e preensão manual. Os custos indiretos totais foram de USD 227.821,00, com 11.653 dias de absenteísmo; 32% dos pacientes não voltaram a trabalhar. Melhores resultados de TLS5x e SF-36, nas dimensões capacidade funcional, aspecto físico, vitalidade e dor, demonstraram associação com retorno laboral (p ≤ 0,05). Os sintomas persistentes mais frequentes foram: fadiga, artralgia, dispneia, ansiedade e depressão, com repercussões negativas na funcionalidade cognitiva, emocional, motora e qualidade de vida. Esses sintomas perduraram por mais de um ano, principalmente fadiga e alteração de memória, sendo esta última mais relatada tardiamente. Houve dificuldade importante de retorno laboral e custos indiretos de USD 4.847,25 por pessoa/ano.


Síntomas persistentes del síndrome post-COVID-19 provocan impactos negativos en la salud, calidad de vida y productividad. El objetivo fue describir los síntomas persistentes del síndrome post-COVID-19, sobre todo neurológicos, y las repercusiones cognitivas, emocionales, motoras, de calidad de vida y los costos indirectos, 12 meses tras la infección. Pacientes que tuvieron los primeros síntomas entre enero y junio de 2021, desarrollaron síndrome post-COVID-19 y buscaron atención en la unidad de la Red SARAH de Hospitales de Rehabilitación en Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Las informaciones se obtuvieron al inicio del seguimiento y por entrevista telefónica 12 meses tras la infección. Participaron 58 personas, con edad de 52,8±10,5 años y el 60% permaneció en la UTI. Los síntomas más frecuentes al ingreso fueron: fatiga (64%), artralgia (51%) y disnea (47%); tras 12 meses fueron: fatiga (46%) y alteración de memoria (39%). Se identificaron alteraciones en las escalas/testes funcionales: PCFS, MoCA, HAD, FSS, SF-36, TLS5x, timed up and go, caminar por 6 minutos y prensión manual. Los costos indirectos totales fueron USD 227.821,00, con 11.653 días de absentismo. El 32% de los pacientes no volvió a trabajar. Mejor TLS5x y SF-36 en las dimensiones capacidad funcional, aspecto físico, vitalidad y dolor demostraron una asociación con el retorno al trabajo (p ≤ 0,05). Los síntomas persistentes más frecuentes fueron fatiga, artralgia, disnea, ansiedad y depresión, con repercusiones negativas en la funcionalidad cognitiva, emocional, motora y calidad de vida. Estos síntomas continuaron por más de un año, sobre todo la fatiga y la alteración de la memoria, siendo esta última reportada con más frecuencia tardíamente. Hubo una dificultad importante en el retorno al trabajo y costos indirectos de USD 4.847,25 persona/año.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Força da Mão , Síndrome Pós-COVID-19 Aguda , Retorno ao Trabalho , Artralgia , Dispneia , Fadiga/etiologia
2.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220153, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1529138

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: To analyze the existing state legislation, including not only the ordinary laws, but also their infralegal regulation and the state legislation on Hospital Dentistry. Material and Methods: A survey was carried out in the databases of the Legislative Assemblies of the Brazilian States and the Federal District, as well as the Regional and Federal Councils of Dentistry in Brazil. Subsequently, a survey was carried out in the databases of the Ministry of Health, State Dental Councils and Federal Dental Council in Brazil. Results: Only 8 Brazilian states have legislation in force regarding hospital dentistry, which represents 29.63% of the federative units. Among the Brazilian regions, the Midwest presented the highest prevalence of the laws found (37.50%), followed by the North (25%) and the other regions with the same coverage (12.50%). Also, an orientation and an ordinance from the Ministry of Health, six resolutions from the Federal Council of Dentistry, and a technical note from the National Health Surveillance Agency were found. Conclusion: Several States do not have rules on the subject, making it imperative to create a federal rule that not only imposes the presence of the dentist, but also regulates the proportion of the team, workload, and availability.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/legislação & jurisprudência , Unidade Hospitalar de Odontologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Equipe Hospitalar de Odontologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/legislação & jurisprudência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Carga de Trabalho , Odontólogos , Legislação Odontológica
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 40(2): e00022623, 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534114

RESUMO

Os sintomas persistentes da síndrome pós-COVID-19 acarretam impactos negativos na saúde, qualidade de vida e produtividade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os sintomas persistentes da síndrome pós-COVID-19, principalmente neurológicos, e as repercussões cognitivas, emocionais, motoras, de qualidade de vida e de custos indiretos, 12 meses após a infecção. Pacientes com primeiros sintomas entre janeiro e junho de 2021 evoluíram com síndrome pós-COVID-19 e procuraram atendimento na unidade da Rede SARAH de Hospitais de Reabilitação em Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. As informações foram obtidas no início do acompanhamento e por entrevista telefônica após 12 meses da infecção. Participaram do estudo 58 pessoas, com idade média de 52,8 anos (±10,5) e 60% permaneceram em UTI. Os sintomas mais frequentes na admissão foram: fadiga (64%), artralgia (51%) e dispneia (47%); e após 12 meses: fadiga (46%) e alteração de memória (39%). Foram identificadas alterações nas escalas/testes funcionais: PCFS, MoCA, HAD, FSS, SF-36, TLS5x, Timed up and go, caminhada de 6 minutos e preensão manual. Os custos indiretos totais foram de USD 227.821,00, com 11.653 dias de absenteísmo; 32% dos pacientes não voltaram a trabalhar. Melhores resultados de TLS5x e SF-36, nas dimensões capacidade funcional, aspecto físico, vitalidade e dor, demonstraram associação com retorno laboral (p ≤ 0,05). Os sintomas persistentes mais frequentes foram: fadiga, artralgia, dispneia, ansiedade e depressão, com repercussões negativas na funcionalidade cognitiva, emocional, motora e qualidade de vida. Esses sintomas perduraram por mais de um ano, principalmente fadiga e alteração de memória, sendo esta última mais relatada tardiamente. Houve dificuldade importante de retorno laboral e custos indiretos de USD 4.847,25 por pessoa/ano.


Síntomas persistentes del síndrome post-COVID-19 provocan impactos negativos en la salud, calidad de vida y productividad. El objetivo fue describir los síntomas persistentes del síndrome post-COVID-19, sobre todo neurológicos, y las repercusiones cognitivas, emocionales, motoras, de calidad de vida y los costos indirectos, 12 meses tras la infección. Pacientes que tuvieron los primeros síntomas entre enero y junio de 2021, desarrollaron síndrome post-COVID-19 y buscaron atención en la unidad de la Red SARAH de Hospitales de Rehabilitación en Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil. Las informaciones se obtuvieron al inicio del seguimiento y por entrevista telefónica 12 meses tras la infección. Participaron 58 personas, con edad de 52,8±10,5 años y el 60% permaneció en la UTI. Los síntomas más frecuentes al ingreso fueron: fatiga (64%), artralgia (51%) y disnea (47%); tras 12 meses fueron: fatiga (46%) y alteración de memoria (39%). Se identificaron alteraciones en las escalas/testes funcionales: PCFS, MoCA, HAD, FSS, SF-36, TLS5x, timed up and go, caminar por 6 minutos y prensión manual. Los costos indirectos totales fueron USD 227.821,00, con 11.653 días de absentismo. El 32% de los pacientes no volvió a trabajar. Mejor TLS5x y SF-36 en las dimensiones capacidad funcional, aspecto físico, vitalidad y dolor demostraron una asociación con el retorno al trabajo (p ≤ 0,05). Los síntomas persistentes más frecuentes fueron fatiga, artralgia, disnea, ansiedad y depresión, con repercusiones negativas en la funcionalidad cognitiva, emocional, motora y calidad de vida. Estos síntomas continuaron por más de un año, sobre todo la fatiga y la alteración de la memoria, siendo esta última reportada con más frecuencia tardíamente. Hubo una dificultad importante en el retorno al trabajo y costos indirectos de USD 4.847,25 persona/año.


The persistent symptoms of post-COVID-19 syndrome negatively impact health, quality of life, and productivity. This study aimed to describe the persistent symptoms of post-COVID-19 syndrome (especially neurological ones) and their 12-month post-infection cognitive, emotional, motor, quality of life, and indirect cost repercussions. Patients showing the first symptoms of COVID-19 from January to June 2021 who developed post-COVID-19 syndrome and sought care at the Fortaleza Unit (Ceará, Brazil) of the SARAH Network of Rehabilitation Hospitals were included in this study. Information was obtained at the baseline follow-up and by telephone interview 12 months post-infection. In total, 58 people participated in this study with an average age of 52.8±10.5 years, of which 60% required an ICU. The most frequent symptoms on admission included fatigue (64%), arthralgia (51%), and dyspnea (47%), whereas, after 12 months, fatigue (46%) and memory impairment (39%). The following scales/functional tests showed alterations: PCFS, MoCA, HAD, FSS, SF-36, TLS5x, timed up and go, 6-minute walk, and handgrip. Indirect costs totaled USD 227,821.00, with 11,653 days of absenteeism. Moreover, 32% of patients were unable to return to work. Better TLS5x and higher SF-36 scores in the functional capacity, physical functioning, vitality, and pain dimensions were associated with return to work (p ≤ 0.05). The most frequent persistent symptoms referred to fatigue, arthralgia, dyspnea, anxiety, and depression, which negatively affected cognitive, emotional, and motor function and quality of life. These symptoms lasted for over a year, especially fatigue and memory alteration, the latter of which being the most reported after COVID-19 infections. Results also show a significant difficulty returning to work and indirect costs of USD 4,847.25 per person/year.

4.
Preprint em Inglês | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-7106

RESUMO

Objective: To associate abandonment of tuberculosis treatment with the variables of access to health services in the state of São Paulo was estimated. Methods: was an epidemiological observational study with data to individuals diagnosed with tuberculosis, residing in the state of São Paulo in the period 2012 to 2017. Generalized Estimating Equations models were used to analyze the relationships between independent variables and noncompliance with tuberculosis treatment over time. Results: A prevalence of over 12% of noncompliance with tuberculosis treatment was identified. Individuals residing in medium and large-sized municipalities had, 2.64 (95% CI: 2.15-3;24) and 4.48 (CI 95%: 4.62-5.55) times more risk, respectively, of abandoning TB treatment when compared with those living in small cities (p<0.05). Moreover, presence of Psychosocial Care Centers did not contribute to the reduction of treatment abandonment [1.20 (1.03-1.40) p<0.05]. Conclusions: Was an association between municipal size and abandonment of tuberculosis treatment.


Introdução: Estimou-se a associação entre o abandono do tratamento da tuberculose com variáveis de acesso ao serviço de saúde no estado de São Paulo. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo epidemiológico ecológico com fonte de dados secundários de indivíduos diagnosticados com tuberculose, no período de janeiro/2012 a dezembro/2017 residentes no estado de São Paulo. A variável desfecho é o abandono do tratamento da tuberculose. Foram efetuadas análises e considerada a distribuição de Poisson, estimados os riscos relativos brutos e ajustados, dispostas em dois blocos de variáveis considerando nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Identificou-se uma prevalência superior a 12% no abandono do tratamento da TB no estado de São Paulo no período estudado. Indivíduos residentes em municípios de médio e grande porte têm, respectivamente, 2,64 (IC95%: 2,15-3,24) e 4,48 (IC95%: 4,62-5,55) vezes mais risco de abandonar o tratamento da TB quando comparados ao que vivem em municípios pequeno porte (p<0,05), bem como, municípios com a presença do CAPS não contribuíram para a diminuição do abandono [1,20 (1,03-1,40) p<0,05]. Conclusão: houve associação entre o porte municipal e o abandono do tratamento de Tuberculose.

5.
Cost Eff Resour Alloc ; 21(1): 64, 2023 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37705076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness ratio and economic impact of the Rapid Antigen Test (TR-Ag) to replace RT-PCR for the detection of the new Coronavirus in the Unified Health System (SUS). METHODS: This is a cost-effectiveness analysis. Clinical protocols were used for the diagnosis of COVID-19 at the São José Municipal Hospital, located in the city of Itaberá-SP. The Incremental Cost-Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) was divided into two scenarios. In the first, the accuracy reported by the test manufacturers was included, and in the second, the cost resulting from a systematic review. Both were compared with the performance of the RT-PCR test. The increase in diagnoses was chosen as a health outcome and absenteeism was used as a criterion for assessing the economic impact. RESULTS: The analysis resulted in incremental cost-effectiveness ratios of R$ 42,136.67 and R$ 68,329.73 for every thousand tests, according to the accuracy of the manufacturers' TR-Ag tests and what is reported in the literature in relation to RT-PCR, respectively. The average value found for the RT-PCR test (R$ 202.87) represents an increase of 165.32% in cost in relation to the value found for the TR-Ag. 4,305 tests were performed between April 2020 and December 2021 at the referral hospital. Also, maintaining the use of RT-PCR as the first choice for diagnosing COVID-19 and regulating absenteeism in the economically active population could have an impact of up to R$ 1,022,779.68 on municipal management. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that the TR-Ag are configured as a cost-effective alternative for the SUS in the detection of the new Coronavirus. The strategy becomes economically favorable for the expansion of testing, combating the COVID-19 pandemic and reducing the impact on the local economy. However, studies are needed to validate the accuracy of the tests so that economic evaluations on the subject are more assertive.

6.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet ; 45(3): 134-141, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37105197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study assessed maternal mortality (MM) and related factors in a large-sized municipality in the Southeastern region of Brazil (Campinas, São Paulo) during the period 2000-2015. METHODS: This study consisted of two phases: 1. An analytical nested case-control phase that assessed the impact of individual and contextual variables on MM; and 2. an ecological phase designed to contextualize maternal deaths by means of spatial analysis. The case group consisted of all maternal deaths (n = 87) and the control group consisted of 348 women who gave birth during the same period. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, association, and multiple logistic regression (MLR) tests at p < 0.05 as well as spatial analysis. RESULTS: Maternal Mortality Ratio was 37 deaths per 100.000 live births. Deaths were dispersed throughout the urban territory and no formation of cluster was observed. MLR showed that pregnant women aged ≥ 35 years old (OR = 2.63) or those with cesarean delivery (OR = 2.51) were more prone to maternal death. CONCLUSION: Maternal deaths were distributed dispersedly among the different socioeconomic levels and more prone to occur among older women or those undergoing cesarean deliveries.


OBJETIVO: Esse estudo avaliou a mortalidade materna (MM) e fatores relacionados em um município de grande porte da região sudeste do Brasil (Campinas, São Paulo) no período de 2000-2015. MéTODOS:: Esse estudo consistiu de duas fases: 1. Uma fase analítica de caso-controle que avaliou o impacto de variáveis individuais e contextuais na MM; 2. Uma fase ecológica delineada para contextualizar as mortes maternas por meio de análise espacial. O grupo caso consistiu de 87 mortes maternas e o grupo controle de 348 mulheres que tiveram bebês durante o mesmo período. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, testes de associação e regressão logística múltipla (RLM) (p < 0,05) assim como análise espacial. RESULTADOS: A taxa de mortalidade materna foi de 37 mortes para cada 100.000 nascidos vivos. As mortes foram dispersas por todo o território urbano e não se observou formação de clusters. Na RLM observou-se que mulheres grávidas com idade ≥ 35 anos (OR = 2,63) ou aquelas que passaram por cesárea (OR = 2,51) foram mais propensas à morte materna. CONCLUSãO:: As mortes maternas foram distribuídas dispersamente entre os diferentes níveis socioeconômicos e mais propensas a ocorrer entre mulheres ≥ 35 anos de idade ou que passaram por cesárea.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Morte Materna , Mortalidade Materna , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cesárea , Idade Materna , Parto , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles
7.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(3): 134-141, Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449715

RESUMO

Abstract Objective: This study assessed maternal mortality (MM) and related factors in a large-sized municipality in the Southeastern region of Brazil (Campinas, São Paulo) during the period 2000-2015. Methods: This study consisted of two phases: 1. An analytical nested case-control phase that assessed the impact of individual and contextual variables on MM; and 2. an ecological phase designed to contextualize maternal deaths by means of spatial analysis. The case group consisted of all maternal deaths (n = 87) and the control group consisted of 348 women who gave birth during the same period. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, association, and multiple logistic regression (MLR) tests at p < 0.05 as well as spatial analysis. Results: Maternal Mortality Ratio was 37 deaths per 100.000 live births. Deaths were dispersed throughout the urban territory and no formation of cluster was observed. MLR showed that pregnant women aged > 35 years old (OR = 2.63) or those with cesarean delivery (OR = 2.51) were more prone to maternal death. Conclusion: Maternal deaths were distributed dispersedly among the different socioeconomic levels and more prone to occur among older women or those undergoing cesarean deliveries.


Resumo Objetivo: Esse estudo avaliou a mortalidade materna (MM) e fatores relacionados em um município de grande porte da região sudeste do Brasil (Campinas, São Paulo) no período de 2000-2015. Métodos: Esse estudo consistiu de duas fases: 1. Uma fase analítica de caso-controle que avaliou o impacto de variáveis individuais e contextuais na MM; 2. Uma fase ecológica delineada para contextualizar as mortes maternas por meio de análise espacial. O grupo caso consistiu de 87 mortes maternas e o grupo controle de 348 mulheres que tiveram bebês durante o mesmo período. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, testes de associação e regressão logística múltipla (RLM) (p < 0,05) assim como análise espacial. Resultados: A taxa de mortalidade materna foi de 37 mortes para cada 100.000 nascidos vivos. As mortes foram dispersas por todo o território urbano e não se observou formação de clusters. Na RLM observou-se que mulheres grávidas com idade > 35 anos (OR = 2,63) ou aquelas que passaram por cesárea (OR = 2,51) foram mais propensas à morte materna. Conclusão: As mortes maternas foram distribuídas dispersamente entre os diferentes níveis socioeconômicos e mais propensas a ocorrer entre mulheres > 35 anos de idade ou que passaram por cesárea.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Mortalidade Materna , Fatores de Risco , Estudo Observacional
8.
Rev. Psicol., Divers. Saúde ; 12(1)fev. 2023. tab
Artigo em Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1523082

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: Com a pandemia da COVID-19, os profissionais de saúde tiveram que adotar estratégias de enfrentamento (coping) para lidar com o stress acarretado pela pandemia. OBJETIVO: avaliar as estratégias de coping utilizadas pelos profissionais da saúde (médicos, dentistas, enfermeiros, técnicos em enfermagem) das 52 unidades de Saúde da Família do município de Piracicaba no início da pandemia. METODOLOGIA: Este é um estudo observacional de corte transversal de cunho quantitativo, em que foram utilizados 2 questionários autoaplicáveis: 1) sobre os dados sociodemográficos constituído de 8 questões abertas: idade, profissão, tempo no serviço público, escolaridade, grupo de risco, sexo, estado civil e número de filhos e 2) o Inventário de Coping de Folkman e Lázarus (1985) contendo 66 questões representando ações ou pensamentos específicos utilizados em uma situação de estresse. RESULTADOS: Participaram desta pesquisa 198 profissionais da saúde, após assinatura do termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido, em que 90,9% da amostra era do gênero feminino; 26,8% estavam no grupo de risco; 49% possuíam até o segundo grau de escolaridade. A categoria profissional predominante do estudo foi a dos agentes de saúde com 49,2%, seguido dos auxiliares de enfermagem (16%), enfermeiros (14%), médicos (8,3%), dentistas (6,8%), auxiliares de saúde bucal (4,7%) e outro (1%). A estratégia de coping mais utilizada foi a reavaliação positiva (0,749), seguida da resolução de problemas (0,692). Quanto ao grupo de risco, a fuga-esquiva foi a forma de enfrentamento mais utilizada (0,806). DISCUSSÃO: Houve poucos estudos referentes ao estresse em profissionais da saúde da assistência primária até o momento. Este estudo, como outros no contexto da pandemia de 2019, mostrou que a reavaliação positiva, a resolução de problemas e a busca de apoio social foram as estratégias mais utilizadas pelos profissionais da saúde e as mulheres foram as mais afetadas por serem maioria atuantes na área da saúde. CONCLUSÃO: verificou-se que os profissionais da saúde utilizaram principalmente a reavaliação positiva e a resolução de problemas como formas de enfrentamento e que são necessárias medidas que ofereçam melhores condições de trabalho, treinamentos e valorização desses profissionais.


INTRODUCTION: With the COVID-19 pandemic, health professionals had to adopt coping strategies to deal with the stress caused by the pandemic. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the coping strategies used by health professionals (doctors, dentists, nurses, nursing technicians) from the 52 Family Health units in the city of Piracicaba at the beginning of the pandemic. METHODOLOGY: This is a crosssectional observational study of a quantitative nature, in which 2 self-administered questionnaires were used: 1) on sociodemographic data consisting of 8 open questions: age, profession, time in public service, education, risk group, sex, marital status and number of children and 2) the Coping Inventory by Folkman and Lázarus (1985) containing 66 questions representing specific actions or thoughts used in a stressful situation. RESULTS: 198 health professionals participated in this research, after signing the free and informed consent form, in which 90.9% of the sample was female; 26.8% were in the risk group; 49% had up to the second level of schooling. The predominant professional category in the study was health agents with 49.2%, followed by nursing assistants (16%), nurses (14%), physicians (8.3%), dentists (6.8%), assistants oral health (4.7%) and another (1%). The most used coping strategy was positive reappraisal (0.749), followed by problem solving (0.692). As for the risk group, escape-avoidance was the most used form of coping (0.806). DISCUSSION: There have been few studies regarding stress in primary care health professionals to date. This study, like others in the context of the 2019 pandemic, showed that positive reassessment, problem solving and the search for social support were the strategies most used by health professionals and women were the most affected because they are the majority active in the area of health. CONCLUSION: It was found that health professionals mainly used positive reassessment and problem solving as ways of coping and that measures are needed to offer better working conditions, training and appreciation of these professionals


INTRODUCCIÓN: Con la pandemia de COVID-19, los profesionales de la salud debieron adoptar estrategias de afrontamiento para lidiar con el estrés causado por la pandemia. OBJETIVO: Evaluar las estrategias de enfrentamiento utilizadas por los profesionales de la salud (médicos, odontólogos, enfermeros, técnicos de enfermería) de las 52 unidades de Salud de la Familia del municipio de Piracicaba al inicio de la pandemia. METODOLOGÍA: Se trata de un estudio observacional transversal de carácter cuantitativo, en el que se utilizaron 2 cuestionarios autoadministrados: 1) sobre datos sociodemográficos constituidos por 8 preguntas abiertas: edad, profesión, tiempo en el servicio público, escolaridad, grupo de riesgo, sexo, estado civil y número de hijos y 2) el Inventario de Afrontamiento de Folkman y Lázarus (1985) que contiene 66 preguntas que representan acciones o pensamientos específicos utilizados en una situación estresante. RESULTADOS: 198 profesionales de la salud participaron de esta investigación, previa firma del formulario de consentimiento libre e informado, en el que el 90,9% de la muestra era del sexo femenino; el 26,8% estaban en el grupo de riesgo; el 49% tenía hasta el segundo nivel de escolaridad. La categoría profesional predominante en el estudio fue la de agentes de salud con 49,2%, seguida de auxiliares de enfermería (16%), enfermeros (14%), médicos (8,3%), odontólogos (6,8%), auxiliares de salud bucal (4,7%) y otro (1%). La estrategia de afrontamiento más utilizada fue la reevaluación positiva (0,749), seguida de la resolución de problemas (0,692). En cuanto al grupo de riesgo, el escape-evitación fue la forma de afrontamiento más utilizada (0,806). DISCUSIÓN: Hasta la fecha existen pocos estudios sobre el estrés en profesionales de salud de Atención Primaria. Este estudio, como otros en el contexto de la pandemia de 2019, mostró que la reevaluación positiva, la resolución de problemas y la búsqueda de apoyo social fueron las estrategias más utilizadas por los profesionales de la salud y las mujeres fueron las más afectadas por ser las mayoritarias activas en el área de salud. CONCLUSIÓN: Se constató que los profesionales de la salud utilizan principalmente la reevaluación positiva y la resolución de problemas como formas de enfrentamiento y que se necesitan medidas para ofrecer mejores condiciones de trabajo, capacitación y valorización de estos profesionales.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adaptação Psicológica , Pessoal de Saúde
9.
Cien Saude Colet ; 28(1): 231-242, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36629568

RESUMO

Aging has imposed changes in the epidemiological profile and an increase in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs). The aim was to estimate the direct cost related to hospital admissions of elderly people affected by CNCDs (hypertension, heart failure and diabetes mellitus) sensitive to primary care, in a medium-sized hospital, in the period 2015-2019. Secondly, we investigated whether clinical and demographic factors explain the costs and length of stay. The medical records of 165 elderly people were analyzed. We found a predominance of women with a mean age of 76.9 years. The most frequent cause of hospitalization was heart failure (62%), and the average length of stay was 9.5 days, and 16% of hospitalizations corresponded to rehospitalizations. Of these, 81% were caused by complications from the previous hospitalization. The estimated total cost was R$ 3 million. Male patients had a longer hospital stay compared to female patients. Hypertension and the total number of procedures were significant predictors of cost and length of stay. We found that in 5 years, the costs of hospital admissions for conditions sensitive to primary care in the elderly are considerable, indicating the relevance of investments in primary care.


O envelhecimento tem imposto mudanças epidemiológicas e aumento na prevalência de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis (DCNT). O objetivo foi estimar o custo direto relacionado às internações hospitalares de idosos acometidos por DCNT (hipertensão arterial, insuficiência cardíaca e diabetes mellitus) sensíveis à atenção primária, em hospital de médio porte, no período de 2015-2019. Secundariamente, investigamos se fatores clínicos e demográficos explicam o custo e tempo de permanência. Foram analisados prontuários de 165 idosos. Verificamos predominância de mulheres com média de idade de 76,9 anos. A causa de internação mais frequente foi insuficiência cardíaca (62%) e o tempo médio de permanência foi de 9,5 dias, e 16% das internações corresponderam a idosos reinternados. Dessas, 81% foram causadas por complicações da internação anterior. O custo total estimado foi de R$ 3 milhões. Pacientes do sexo masculino ficaram mais tempo internados, comparado ao sexo feminino. Hipertensão e o total de exames realizados foram preditores significantes do custo e tempo de permanência. Verificamos que em 5 anos, os custos com internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária em idosos são consideráveis, indicando a relevância de investimentos na atenção primária.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hospitalização , Hipertensão , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças não Transmissíveis/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde
10.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 28(1): 231-242, jan. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421128

RESUMO

Resumo O envelhecimento tem imposto mudanças epidemiológicas e aumento na prevalência de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis (DCNT). O objetivo foi estimar o custo direto relacionado às internações hospitalares de idosos acometidos por DCNT (hipertensão arterial, insuficiência cardíaca e diabetes mellitus) sensíveis à atenção primária, em hospital de médio porte, no período de 2015-2019. Secundariamente, investigamos se fatores clínicos e demográficos explicam o custo e tempo de permanência. Foram analisados prontuários de 165 idosos. Verificamos predominância de mulheres com média de idade de 76,9 anos. A causa de internação mais frequente foi insuficiência cardíaca (62%) e o tempo médio de permanência foi de 9,5 dias, e 16% das internações corresponderam a idosos reinternados. Dessas, 81% foram causadas por complicações da internação anterior. O custo total estimado foi de R$ 3 milhões. Pacientes do sexo masculino ficaram mais tempo internados, comparado ao sexo feminino. Hipertensão e o total de exames realizados foram preditores significantes do custo e tempo de permanência. Verificamos que em 5 anos, os custos com internações hospitalares por condições sensíveis à atenção primária em idosos são consideráveis, indicando a relevância de investimentos na atenção primária.


Abstract Aging has imposed changes in the epidemiological profile and an increase in the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs). The aim was to estimate the direct cost related to hospital admissions of elderly people affected by CNCDs (hypertension, heart failure and diabetes mellitus) sensitive to primary care, in a medium-sized hospital, in the period 2015-2019. Secondly, we investigated whether clinical and demographic factors explain the costs and length of stay. The medical records of 165 elderly people were analyzed. We found a predominance of women with a mean age of 76.9 years. The most frequent cause of hospitalization was heart failure (62%), and the average length of stay was 9.5 days, and 16% of hospitalizations corresponded to rehospitalizations. Of these, 81% were caused by complications from the previous hospitalization. The estimated total cost was R$ 3 million. Male patients had a longer hospital stay compared to female patients. Hypertension and the total number of procedures were significant predictors of cost and length of stay. We found that in 5 years, the costs of hospital admissions for conditions sensitive to primary care in the elderly are considerable, indicating the relevance of investments in primary care.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36361338

RESUMO

We evaluated the influence of population size (POP), HDI (Human Development Index) and GDP (gross domestic product) on the COVID-19 pandemic in the Southeast region of Brazil, between February 2020 and May 2021. METHODS: Cases, deaths, incidence coefficient, mortality rate and lethality rate were compared among states. The cities were divided into strata according to POP, GDP, and HDI. Data were compared by Welch's ANOVA, nonlinear polynomial regression, and Spearman's correlation test (rS). RESULTS: The highest incidence coefficient (p < 0.0001) and mortality rate (p < 0.05) were observed in the states of Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro, respectively. Until the 45th week, the higher the POP, the higher the mortality rate (p < 0.01), with no differences in the remaining period (p > 0.05). There was a strong positive correlation between POP size and the number of cases (rS = 0.92, p < 0.0001) and deaths (rS = 0.88, p < 0.0001). The incidence coefficient and mortality rate were lower (p < 0.0001) for low GDP cities. Both coefficients were higher in high- and very high HDI cities (p < 0.0001). The lethality rate was higher in the state of Rio de Janeiro (p < 0.0001), in large cities (p < 0.0001), in cities with medium GDP (p < 0.0001), and in those with high HDI (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both incidence and mortality were affected by time, with minimal influence of POP, GDP and HDI.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Produto Interno Bruto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Densidade Demográfica , Brasil/epidemiologia , Pandemias
12.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 344, 2022 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35953805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess the financial impact of incorporating a new (reciprocal) technology into endodontic treatments in the public health system (SUS). METHODS: This was a economic evaluation study (comparing the 3 different endodontic instrumentation techniques-manual, rotary and reciprocating), allocative efficiency analysis to optimize existing resources in the SUS, and financial contribution impact analysis of incorporation of a new technology. Thirty-one (31) 12 years-old volunteers were evaluated. RESULTS: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) was calculated at R$1.34/min, - R$0.60/min and BRL 0.10/min for the single-rooted, bi-rooted and tri-rooted teeth, respectively, when the rotary technique was compared with the manual type. In turn, the ICER was R$ 21.04/min, - R$ 0.73/min and - R$ 2.81/min for the 3 types of teeth, respectively, when the reciprocating technique was compared with the manual type. The incremental financial impact of replacing manual endodontic with rotary endodontic treatments would be - R$ 2060963.66 in the case of single-rooted teeth, but the number of treatments would also be reduced (- 19,379). In the case of two-rooted teeth, the incremental financial impact would be BRL 34921540.62 with the possibility of performing an additional 204,110 treatments. In turn, BRL 11523561.50 represented the incremental financial impact for teeth with 3 or more roots and with an increase of 72,545 procedures. When we analyzed the incremental financial impact of replacing manual endodontic with reciprocating endodontic treatments, it would be - R$ 730227.80 in the case of single-rooted teeth, allowing for an additional 2538 treatments. In turn, R$ 21674853.00 represented the incremental financial impact for bi-radicular teeth, with an increase of 121,700 procedures. In the case of two-rooted teeth, the incremental financial impact would be BRL 13591742.90 with the possibility of performing an additional 40,670 treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The reciprocating technique could improve access to endodontic treatment in the SUS as it allowed a simultaneous reduction in clinical time and associated costs. However, the higher number of endodontic treatments performed would have a financial impact.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular , Raiz Dentária , Criança , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos
13.
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 17(44): 2510, 20220304. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Coleciona SUS | ID: biblio-1379863

RESUMO

Introdução: Do ponto de vista da saúde pública, a população masculina adulta mostra-se vulnerável ao uso de álcool e as suas consequências. A detecção precoce, assim como a busca por fatores associados são necessárias e as unidades de Saúde da Família são importantes locais para esta abordagem. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo identificar o uso de álcool em homens adultos e verificar sua associação com fatores socioeconômicos, demográficos e transtornos mentais (episódio depressivo maior e transtorno de ansiedade generalizada). Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal em adultos de 20 a 59 anos do município de Piracicaba, cadastrados nas Unidades de Saúde da Família (USF) no ano 2018. Após análises descritivas, as variáveis com p<0,20 nas análises simples foram estudas em modelos de regressão binomial negativa múltipla. Pelo modelo final, estimaram-se as razões de médias ajustadas com os intervalos de 95% de confiança. Resultados: Observou-se prevalência de 26,9% de consumo de álcool na população estudada. O escore do The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) apresentou relação direta com a idade (razões de médias ­ RM=1,02; intervalo de confiança ­ IC95% 0,99­1,03). Quanto à religião, protestantes e evangélicos apresentaram escore médio de AUDIT menor que os demais (RM=1,78; IC95% 1,14­2,79). Pessoas com transtorno mental apresentam escore médio de AUDIT maior que os sem transtorno (RM=2,30; IC95% 1,28­4,11). Conclusões: Concluímos que o consumo de álcool na população adulta masculina é bastante prevalente, que seu consumo aumenta com a idade, que a religião tem efeito protetor e que pessoas com depressão e ansiedade apresentam maior propensão ao uso. Com base nesses dados, destacamos a importância da USF no desenvolvimento de estratégias que rastreiem as condições de risco de sua população, bem como discutam abordagens e possíveis intervenções.


Introduction: From the point of view of public health, the adult male population is vulnerable to alcohol use and its consequences. Early detection and the search for associated factors are necessary, and the Family Health Units are important places for this approach. Objective: This study aimed to identify the use of alcohol in adult men and to verify its association with socioeconomic and demographic factors and mental disorders (major depressive episode and generalized anxiety disorder). Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out on adults aged 20 to 59 years in the city of Piracicaba, Brazil, registered in Family Health Units in the year 2018. After descriptive analyses, variables with p<0.20 in simple analyses were studied in multiple negative binomial regression models. According to the final model, the adjusted ratios of means were estimated with 95% confidence intervals. Results: There was a high prevalence of alcohol consumption (26.9%) in the study population. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) score increased with age (ratios of means ­ RoM=1.02; confidence interval ­ 95%CI 0.99­1.03). Concerning religion, Protestants and Evangelicals had an average AUDIT score lower than other religions (RoM=1.78; 95%CI 1.14­2.79). People with mental disorders have an average AUDIT score higher than those without disorders (RoM=2.30; 95%CI 1.28­4.11). Conclusions: The authors conclude that alcohol in the adult male population is prevalent, with consumption increasing with age; religion has a protective effect, and people with depression and anxiety are more likely to use it. Taking this into consideration, it is worth highlighting the importance of Family Health Units in the development of strategies to monitor the risk conditions of its population as well as the discussion and approach of interventions.


Introducción: Desde el punto de vista de la salud pública, la población masculina adulta es vulnerable al consumo de alcohol y sus consecuencias. La detección precoz, así como la búsqueda de factores asociados son necesarios y las unidades de Salud de la Familia son lugares importantes para ese abordaje. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el uso de alcohol en hombres adultos y verificar la asociación con trastornos socioeconómicos, demográficos y mentales (episodio depresivo mayor y trastorno de ansiedad generalizada). Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico transversal en adultos de 20 a 59 años de edad en la ciudad de Piracicaba registrados en las Unidades de Salud Familiar en el año 2018. Después de los análisis descriptivos, se estudiaron las variables con valor p<0,20 en análisis simples en modelos de regresión, binomio negativo múltiple. El modelo final estimó las razones medias ajustadas con los intervalos de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Hubo una alta prevalencia de consumo de alcohol, 26,9%. El puntaje AUDIT aumentó con la edad (RM=1,02; IC95% 0,99­1,03). Los protestantes y los evangélicos tuvieron un puntaje promedio de AUDIT más bajo que otras religiones (RM=1,78; IC95% 1,14­2,79). Las personas con trastornos mentales tienen un puntaje AUDIT promedio más alto que aquellos sin trastornos (RM=2,30; IC95% 1,28­4,11). Conclusiones: Concluimos que el alcohol en la población masculina adulta es prevalente, con la edad hay un aumento en el consumo, la religión tiene un efecto protector y que las personas con depresión y ansiedad tienen más probabilidades de usarlo, destacando la importancia de la USF en el desarrollo de estrategias que rastrean las condiciones población, así como la discusión y el enfoque de las intervenciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ansiedade , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Depressão , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas
14.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 38: e38037, Jan.-Dec. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395954

RESUMO

The study aimed to analyze the quality of life, oral health impact on daily activities and its association with adherence to dental treatment, and other factors, among vulnerable adolescents. It is a longitudinal analytical study performed with 15- to 19-year-old adolescents in the city of Piracicaba, São Paulo, from 2014 to 2015. The sample consisted of 476 adolescents referred for the treatment of caries and/or periodontal disease in family health units (initial phase). After 18 months, 325 individuals were assessed to investigate the dental treatment provided (final phase). The response variables considered in the final phase were the Quality of Life (WHOQOL-bref) and the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) questionnaires. The independent variables analyzed were sex, age, treatment adherence, and family cohesion and adaptability. A multiple regression model was used. The data on the physical (p<0.0001), social (p=0.0003), environmental (p<0.0001), and psychological (p<0.0001) domains of the WHOQOL collected in the initial phase had a positive relationship with the same domains assessed in the final phase. The WHOQOL data of the initial phase were associated with the WHOQOL data of the final phase (p=0.0341). The OIDP data of the initial phase were associated with the OIDP data of the final phase (p<0.0001). The OIDP of volunteers who did not adhere to dental treatment showed a higher impact (p=0.0234). The quality of life and impacts on daily performances of adolescents improved between the evaluation periods.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Assistência Odontológica , Saúde do Adolescente
15.
Ortho Sci., Orthod. sci. pract ; 15(59): 55-62, 2022. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1401095

RESUMO

Resumo Este relato de caso apresenta procedimentos ortodônticos interceptivos na dentição mista realizados em paciente com má oclusão esquelética de Classe III de Angle. Aparelhos ortodônticos foram utilizados para beneficiar o posicionamento mandibular e direcionar a erupção dos dentes permanentes, dentre eles estão o aparelho progênico, Schwartz, recuperador e mantenedor de espaço. A utilização desses dispositivos nas fases adequadas ajudou a minimizar a discrepância sagital maxilomandibular, a correção da inclinação dentária e manutenção do perfil facial sem alterações perceptíveis. Sendo assim este relato de caso se apresentou como uma opção adequada na clínica de Ortodontia-odontopediatria no tratamento precoce em paciente com má oclusão Classe III de Angle.(AU)


Abstract This case report presents interceptive orthodontic procedures in the mixed dentition performed in a patient with Angle Class III skeletal malocclusion. Orthodontic appliances were used to benefit mandibular positioning and direct the eruption of permanent teeth, among them are the progenic appliance, Schwartz appliance, recuperator and space maintainer. The use of these devices at the appropriate stages helped to minimize the maxillomandibular sagittal discrepancy, correct tooth inclination and maintain the facial profile without noticeable changes. Therefore, this case report was presented as an adequate option in the Orthodontics-pediatric Dentistry clinic in the early treatment of a patient with Angle Class III malocclusion.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Ortodontia , Ortodontia Interceptora , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle
16.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 2234, 2021 12 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34879828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Integrated dental services within the Health System, particularly at primary health care, are crucial to reverse the current impact of oral diseases, which are among the most prevalent diseases worldwide. However, the use of dental services is determined by complex phenomena related to the individual, the environment and practices in which care is offered. Therefore, factors associated with dental appointments scheduling can affect positively or negatively the use of dental services. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the indicators for dental appointment scheduling in Primary Health Care (PHC). METHODS: The present is a cross-sectional analytical study that used data from the external assessment of the third cycle of the National Program for Improving Access and Quality in Primary Care (PMAQ-AB), carried out between 2017 and 2018, in Brazil. The final sample consisted of 85,231 patients and 22,475 Oral Health teams (OHTs). The outcome variable was the fact that the user sought for a dental appointment at the Primary Health Care Unit. A multilevel analysis was carried out to verify the association between individual variables (related to users) and contextual variables (related to the OHTs) in relation to the outcome. RESULTS: Only 58.1% of the users interviewed at these Primary Health Care Units seek the available dental care. The variables with the greatest effect on the outcome were the patient's age up to 42 years old (OR = 2.03, 95% CI: 1.96-2.10), at individual level, and 'oral health teams that assisted no more than a single family health team (FHT)' (OR = 1.29, 95% CI: 1.23-1.36) at contextual level. Other variables were also associated with the outcome, but with a smaller effect size. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, users' age and work process of OHT were indicators for dental appointment scheduling. Our results suggest that when OHT put the National Oral Health Policy guidelines into practice, by assisting only one FHT, the chance for PHC users seeking dental appointments is higher than OHTs that assist more than one FHT. Regarding age, patients aged up to 42 years are more likely to seek an appointment with a dentist.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Saúde Bucal
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 608, 2021 11 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34847895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dental caries is associated with Biological, behavioral, socioeconomic, and environmental factors; however, socioeconomic status is a distal determinant of dental caries development that modulates exposure to risk and protective factors. This study aimed to analyze the socioeconomic factors associated with the concentration of oral diseases in a population-based study in Brazil. METHODS: This is a quantitative, analytical, cross-sectional study based on secondary data from the SB São Paulo 2015 epidemiological survey. A total of 17,560 subjects were included. The concentration of oral disease in the population was estimated by the oral disease burden (ODB) variable. The ODB consists of four components: dental caries; tooth loss; need for dental prosthesis and periodontal condition. Thus, the total score on the ODB could vary between 0 and 4, with the highest score indicating the worst possible situation. ODB was analyzed in multivariate negative binomial regression, and multivariate binary logistic regression analysis. The following factors were included as independent variables: age group, skin color, socioeconomic factors, family income and Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP). RESULTS: In the sample, 86.9% had no minimum ODP component. Negative multivariate binomial regression showed a statistically significant relationship (p < 0.005) between ODB and all variables analyzed (skin color, family income, education, OIDP results and age range). The adjusted multivariate binary logistic regression showed that the individuals most likely to have at least one component of ODB were nonwhite (25.5%), had a family income of up to R$ 1500.00/month (19.6%), had only completed primary education (19.1%), and reported that their oral health had an impact on their daily activities (57.6%). Older adults individuals were two times more likely than adolescents to have an ODB component. CONCLUSIONS: ODB is associated with factors related to social inequality. Adults and older adults individuals had the highest cumulative number of ODB components.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos
18.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211606, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | BBO - Odontologia, LILACS | ID: biblio-1253158

RESUMO

Aim: The present study sought to investigate dental caries experience and its association with sociodemographic, postnatal and breastfeeding variables in children in the agerange from 6 to 71 months of age, in the Xingu Indigenous Park, Mato Grosso, Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that used secondary data pertaining to 402 indigenous children of the Low, Middle and Eastern Xingu regions, who participated in the Oral Health Epidemiological Survey in 2013. The dependent variable was dental caries, dichotomized by the median (dmf-t≤1 and dmf-t>1). The data of independent variables were obtained by means of instruments of the Local Health Information System of the Xingu Indigenous Special Sanitary District (DSEI). Raw analyses were performed to test the association of the independent variables with the dependent variable. The variables were tested in the multiple logistic regression model. Results: The mean value of the dmf-t index was 2.60 and the prevalence of affected children was 51%. In the multiple analysis, only children older than 36 months (OR: 6.64; CI95%: 4.11 to 10.73) and those that were breastfed for a longer period of time (OR: 1.88; CI95%: 1.16 to 3.02) showed significant association with the dmf-t>1 index. Conclusion: Childhood dental caries among indigenous children was associated with age and breastfeeding prolonged for over 26 months, therefore, pointing out the need to offer dental follow-up care at earlier ages


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Aleitamento Materno , Índios Sul-Americanos , Saúde Bucal , Cárie Dentária
19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3589-3597, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468654

RESUMO

Oral health resolvability in primary care of municipalities in the State of Paraíba, Brazil, was analyzed, and a cross-sectional study was conducted, using an inductive approach, comparative procedure and indirect documentation. The Resolvability Indicator (RI) consisted of the ratio between the number of Completed Treatments and First Programmatic Dental Consultations in municipalities in Paraíba (n = 223), between 2011 and 2014, by using data collected from the DATASUS/TABNET platform. The following explanatory variables were considered: Coverage of First Programmatic Dental Consultation (CFPDC), Coverage of Primary Care Teams (CPCT), Coverage of Oral Health Teams (COHT), Coverage of Family Health Teams (CFHT), Percentage of Tooth Extraction (PTE), Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Municipal Human Development Index (MHDI) and Gini Coefficient (GC). Descriptive statistics and negative binomial multiple regression were performed (α = 0.05). The median RI in 2011, 2012, 2013 and 2014 was, respectively, 20.4, 17.5, 15.2 and 15.7. There was a positive association between RI and CFPDC (PR = 1.14, CI = 1.02-1.28), CPCT (PR = 1.02, CI = 1.01-1.03), in addition to a negative association. between RI and year (PR = 0.83; IC = 0.74-0.94). The resolvability of oral health in primary care is influenced by coverage-related factors.


Analisou-se a resolutividade da atenção básica em saúde bucal nos municípios do estado da Paraíba, Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo transversal de abordagem indutiva, com procedimento comparativo e técnica de documentação indireta. O indicador de resolutividade (IR) constituiu da razão entre o número de tratamentos concluídos e primeiras consultas odontológicas programáticas dos municípios paraibanos (n = 223) entre 2011 e 2014, utilizando dados coletados da plataforma Datasus/TABNET. Foram consideradas variáveis explicativas: cobertura de primeira consulta odontoló gica programática (CPCOP), cobertura de equipes de atenção básica (CEAB), cobertura de equi pes de saúde bucal (CESB), cobertura de equipes de saúde da família (CESF), percentual de exodontia (PE), Produto Interno Bruto (PIB), Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDHM) e coeficiente de Gini (CG). Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e regressão múltipla binomial negativa (α = 0,05). As medianas do IR em 2011, 2012, 2013 e 2014 foram, respectivamente, 20,4, 17,5, 15,2 e 15,7. Houve associação positiva do IR com CPCOP (RP = 1,14; IC = 1,02-1,28), CEAB (RP = 1,02; IC = 1,01-1,03), e negativa com ano (RP = 0,83; IC = 0,74-0,94). A resolutividade em saúde bucal na atenção básica é influenciada por fatores relacionados à cobertura.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
20.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 19: eAO5554, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the consumption of ultra-processed foods among children, and to investigate associations with socioeconomic and demographic factors. METHODS: An analytical cross-sectional study with 599 children aged 6 months to 2 years, and listed as users of Family Health Units, in a medium-size city. Mothers were approached at home by researchers and community health workers from the Family Health Units, for data collection. Two questionnaires were used: the socioeconomic and demographic questionnaire, and the form Sistema de Vigilância Alimentar e Nutricional of Ministério da Saúde do Brasil , for children aged 6 months to 2 years. Ultra-processed food consumption and socioeconomic and demographic factors were defined as dependent and independent variables, respectively. Multiple regression analysis with a significance level of 5% was used to test associations between ultra-processed food consumption and socioeconomic and demographic variables. RESULTS: Ultra-processed food consumption was associated with child age between 1 and 2 years (OR=3.89; 95%CI: 2.32-6.50 and OR=3.33; 95%CI: 2.00-5.56, respectively), number of people living in the same household (OR=1.94; 95%CI: 1.23-3.05), and recipients of government benefits (OR=1.88; 95%CI: 1.15-3.04). CONCLUSION: Ultra-processed food consumption among children undergoing complementary feeding may be influenced by socioeconomic and demographic factors.


Assuntos
Comportamento Alimentar , Mães , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fatores Socioeconômicos
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