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1.
J Patient Saf ; 2024 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38747529

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nurse practitioners (NPs) are key to delivery of primary care services. However, poor organizational support for independent NP practice, such as lack of access to clinic resources, may lead to prioritizing patient physical health over emotional health. We investigated the relationship between organizational support for independent NP practice and emotional health care delivery. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional survey data collected from 397 NPs in 2017. We measured organizational support for independent NP practice using the independent practice and support subscale of the NP Primary Care Organizational Climate Questionnaire. Emotional health care delivery was measured by asking NPs how frequently they addressed emotional concerns of patients. We utilized multilevel mixed effects linear regression models, adjusting for NP and practice covariates. RESULTS: Controlling for NP age, gender, marital status, race, and ethnicity, along with practice setting and size, as the independent practice and support score increased, NPs reported addressing emotional concerns of patients more frequently (beta = 0.34, 95% confidence interval = 0.02-0.66, P = 0.04). This indicates that as organizations provided more support for independent NP practice, NPs were able to more frequently address emotional concerns of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Organizational support for independent NP practice is associated with addressing emotional concerns of patients. To support NP practice, primary care organizations should ensure that NPs manage patients independently and have access to ancillary staff and support for care management.

2.
Res Sq ; 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38559202

RESUMO

Background: Nurse practitioners (NPs) increasingly deliver primary care in the United States. Yet, poor working conditions strain NP care. We examined whether racial/ethnic health disparities in ED visits among older adults with asthma are moderated by primary care NP work environments. Methods: Survey data on NP work environments in six states were collected from 1,244 NPs in 2018-2019. 2018 Medicare claims data from 46,658 patients with asthma was merged with survey data to assess the associations of all-cause and ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC) ED visits with NP work environment and race/ethnicity using logistic regression. Results: NP work environment moderated the association of race (Black patients versus White patients) with all-cause (odds ratio [OR]: 0.91; p-value = 0.045) and ACSC (OR: 0.90; p-value = 0.033) ED visits. Conclusions: Disparities in ED visits between Black and White patients with asthma decrease when these patients receive care in care clinics with favorable NP work environments.

3.
BMC Nurs ; 23(1): 290, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38685024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses have faced significant personal and professional stressors during the COVID-19 pandemic that have contributed to increased rates of burnout, intention to leave, and poorer work engagement. Resilience has been identified as a critical factor influencing job outcomes; however, the dynamics of this association have not yet been investigated within the context of the Thai workforce. The study objective was to determine the associations between resilience and job outcomes, including burnout, intention to leave, and work engagement among nurses working in Thailand during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This cross-sectional study gathered data from a sample of 394 registered nurses employed across 12 hospitals. The research instruments comprised the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Health Services Survey (MBI-HSS), a questionnaire assessing the intention to leave the job, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES). To determine the associations among the measured variables, multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: One-third of nurses experienced emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, and about half experienced reduced personal accomplishment; one-tenth of nurses intended to leave their job. Nurses who exhibited higher levels of resilience were found to have a significantly reduced likelihood of experiencing high emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a diminished sense of personal accomplishment. Conversely, these nurses were more likely to report higher levels of work engagement than their less resilience. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic offers important lessons learned about promoting the well-being of the nursing workforce and protecting against adverse job outcomes. While we identified resilience as a significant predictor of several nurse outcomes, other work environment factors should be considered. Government and hospital administrations should allocate resources for individual and organizational-level interventions to promote resilience among frontline nurses so that hospitals will be better prepared for the next public health emergency and patient and nurse outcomes can be optimized.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284964

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The pediatric nurse practitioner (PNP) workforce was designed to improve child health equity. We aimed to systematically review the evidence on facilitators and barriers to PNP practice. METHOD: We included empirical studies on PNP practice in the United States and excluded studies with non-identifiable PNP data. We applied Joanna Briggs Institute tools to appraise studies and applied critical interpretive synthesis principles to synthesize. RESULTS: The final sample is 26 studies, mostly published before 2013 and observational. Prescriptive privileges, training program availability, organizational climate, and telehealth are facilitators. Mandated physician supervision, reduced pediatric curricula, geographically disparate training programs, and poor data infrastructure are barriers. The sample is limited by a moderate to high risk of bias. DISCUSSION: Evidence suggests modifiable factors impact PNP practice and could have important implications for child health equity. We offer a theoretical model to guide robust research studying the PNP workforce and health equity.

5.
6.
J Gen Intern Med ; 39(1): 61-68, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37620724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioners care for patients with cardiovascular disease, particularly those from racial and ethnic minority groups, and can help assure equitable health outcomes. Yet, nurse practitioners practice in challenging care environments, which limits their ability to care for patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether primary care nurse practitioner care environments are associated with racial and ethnic disparities in hospitalizations among older adults with coronary heart disease. DESIGN: In this observational study, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among primary care nurse practitioners in 2018-2019 who completed a valid measure of care environment. The data was merged with 2018 Medicare claims data for patients with coronary heart disease. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1244 primary care nurse practitioners and 180,216 Medicare beneficiaries 65 and older with coronary heart disease were included. MAIN MEASURES: All-cause and ambulatory care sensitive condition hospitalizations in 2018. KEY RESULTS: There were 50,233 hospitalizations, 9068 for ambulatory care sensitive conditions. About 28% of patients had at least one hospitalization. Hospitalizations varied by race, being highest among Black patients (33.5%). Care environment moderated the relationship between race (Black versus White) and hospitalization (OR 0.93; 95% CI, 0.88-0.98). The lowest care environment was associated with greater hospitalization among Black (odds ratio=1.34; 95% CI, 1.20-1.49) compared to White beneficiaries. Practices with the highest care environment had no racial differences in hospitalizations. There was no interaction effect between care environment and race for ambulatory care sensitive condition hospitalizations. Nurse practitioner care environment had a protective effect on these hospitalizations (OR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.92-0.99) for all beneficiaries. CONCLUSIONS: Unfavorable care environments were associated with higher hospitalization rates among Black than among White beneficiaries with coronary heart disease. Racial disparities in hospitalization rates were not detected in practices with high-quality care environments, suggesting that improving nurse practitioner care environments could reduce racial disparities in hospitalizations.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Etnicidade , Humanos , Idoso , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Medicare , Grupos Minoritários , Hospitalização , Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
7.
Med Care ; 62(4): 217-224, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38036459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over 12 million Americans are dually enrolled in Medicare and Medicaid. These individuals experience over twice as many hospitalizations for chronic diseases such as coronary artery disease and diabetes compared with Medicare-only patients. Nurse practitioners (NPs) are well-positioned to address the care needs of dually-enrolled patients, yet NPs often work in unsupportive clinical practice environments. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the NP primary care practice environment and hospitalization disparities between dually-enrolled and Medicare-only patients with chronic diseases. METHODS: Using secondary cross-sectional data from the Nurse Practitioner Primary Care Organizational Climate Questionnaire and Medicare claims files, we examined 135,648 patients with coronary artery disease and/or diabetes (20.0% dually-eligible, 80.0% Medicare-only), cared for in 450 practices employing NPs across 4 states (PA, NJ, CA, FL) in 2015. We compared dually-enrolled patients' odds of being hospitalized when cared for in practice environments characterized as poor, mixed, and good based on practice-level Nurse Practitioner Primary Care Organizational Climate Questionnaire scores. RESULTS: After adjusting for patient and practice characteristics, dually-enrolled patients in poor practice environments had the highest odds of being hospitalized compared with their Medicare-only counterparts [odds ratio (OR): 1.48, CI: 1.37, 1.60]. In mixed environments, dually-enrolled patients had 27% higher odds of a hospitalization (OR: 1.27, CI: 1.12, 1.45). However, in the best practice environments, hospitalization differences were nonsignificant (OR: 1.02, CI: 0.85, 1.23). CONCLUSIONS: As policymakers look to improve outcomes for dually-enrolled patients, addressing a modifiable aspect of care delivery in NPs' clinical practice environment is a key opportunity to reduce hospitalization disparities.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Diabetes Mellitus , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Idoso , Medicare , Estudos Transversais , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Hospitalização , Doença Crônica
8.
J Subst Use Addict Treat ; 157: 209285, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38159910

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) is growing among older adults, and older adults in rural areas face disparities in access to SUD care. Rural older adults with SUDs commonly have comorbid chronic conditions that puts them at risk for frequent acute healthcare utilization. In rural areas, primary care for patients with SUDs are increasingly provided by nurse practitioners (NPs), and quality primary care services may decrease ED visits in this population. Yet, NP-delivered primary care for rural older adults with SUDs may be limited by work environment barriers, which include lack of support, autonomy, and visibility. This study assessed the relationship between the NP work environment and ED utilization among rural older adults with SUDs. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from a large survey of NPs in six U.S. states merged with Medicare claims. The study measured the NP work environment by the four subscales of the Nurse Practitioner Primary Care Organizational Climate Questionnaire (NP-PCOCQ), which measure 1) independent practice and support, 2) NP-physician relations, 3) NP-administration, and 4) professional visibility. Multilevel logistic regression models, adjusted for practice and patient covariates, assess the relationship between the NP work environment and all-cause ED use. RESULTS: The sample included 1152 older adults with SUDs who received care at 126 rural NP primary care practices. NP independent practice and support at the practice was associated with 49 % lower odds of all-cause ED visits among older adults with SUDs. There were no relationships between the other NP-PCOCQ subscales and all-cause ED visits. CONCLUSIONS: Organizational support for NP independent practice is associated with lower odds of all-cause ED utilization among rural older adults with SUDs. Practice administrators should ensure that NPs have access to support and resources to enhance their ability to care for rural older adults with SUDs. Ultimately, these practice changes could reduce ED utilization and health disparities in this population.


Assuntos
Profissionais de Enfermagem , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Idoso , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Medicare , Inquéritos e Questionários , Condições de Trabalho , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
9.
Inquiry ; 60: 469580231219108, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38146179

RESUMO

Nurse practitioners (NPs) represent the fastest-growing workforce of primary care clinicians in the United States. Their numbers are projected to grow in the near future. The NP workforce can help the country meet the rising demand for care services due to the aging population and increasing chronic disease burden. Yet, increased burnout among these clinicians may affect their ability to deliver high-quality, safe care. We investigated how NP burnout in primary care practices affects patient outcomes, including emergency department (ED) use and hospitalizations, among older adults with chronic conditions. In 2018-2019, we collected survey data from 1244 primary care NPs from 6 geographically diverse states on their burnout and merged the survey data with data from Medicare claims on ED use and hospitalizations among 467 466 older adults with chronic conditions. 26.3% of NPs reported burnout. Using logistic regression models, we found that with a 1-unit increase in the standardized burnout score, the odds of an ED visit increased by 2.8% (OR = 1.028; P-value = .035); Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions (ACSC) ED visit by 3.2% (OR = 1.032; P-value = .019); hospitalization by 3.9% (OR = 1.039; P-value = .001); and ACSC hospitalization by 6.2% (OR = 1.062; P-value = .001). Our findings indicate that if chronically ill older adults receive care in primary care practices with higher NP burnout rates they are more likely to use EDs and hospitals. Policy and practice efforts, such as improving NP working conditions, should be undertaken to reduce NP burnout in primary care practices to potentially prevent acute care use.


Assuntos
Medicare , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Idoso , Hospitalização , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Doença Crônica , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Esgotamento Psicológico
10.
Med Care ; 61(12): 882-889, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37815323

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lack of structure for care delivery (ie, structural capabilities) has been linked to lower quality of care and negative patient outcomes. However, little research examines the relationship between practice structural capabilities and nurse practitioner (NP) job outcomes. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between structural capabilities and primary care NP job outcomes (ie, burnout, job dissatisfaction, and intent to leave). RESEARCH DESIGN: Secondary analysis of 2018-2019 cross-sectional data. SUBJECTS: A total of 1110 NPs across 1002 primary care practices in 6 states. MEASURES: We estimated linear probability models to assess the association between structural capabilities and NP job outcomes, controlling for NP work environment, demographics, and practice features. RESULTS: The average structural capabilities score (measured on a scale of 0-1) across practices was 0.6 (higher score indicates more structural capabilities). After controlling for potential confounders, we found that a 10-percentage point increase in the structural capabilities score was associated with a 3-percentage point decrease in burnout ( P <0.001), a 2-percentage point decrease in job dissatisfaction ( P <0.001), and a 3-percentage point decrease in intent to leave ( P <0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Primary care NPs report lower burnout, job dissatisfaction, and intent to leave when working in practices with greater structural capabilities for care delivery. These findings suggest that efforts to improve structural capabilities not only facilitate effective care delivery and benefit patients but they also support NPs and strengthen their workforce participation. Practice leaders should further invest in structural capabilities to improve primary care provider job outcomes.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estudos Transversais , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Nurs Outlook ; 71(5): 102029, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37619489

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary care delivered by nurse practitioners (NPs) helps to meet the United States' growing demand for care and improves patient outcomes. Yet, barriers impede NP practice. Knowledge of these barriers is limited, hindering opportunities to eliminate them. PURPOSE: We convened a 1.5-day conference to develop a research agenda to advance evidence on the primary care NP workforce. METHODS: Thirty experts gathered in New York City for a conference in 2022. The conference included plenary sessions, small group discussions, and a prioritization process to identify areas for future research and research questions. DISCUSSION: The research agenda includes top-ranked research questions within five categories: (a) policy regulations and implications for care, quality, and access; (b) systems affecting NP practice; (c) health equity and the NP workforce; (d) NP education and workforce dynamics, and (e) international perspectives. CONCLUSION: The agenda can advance evidence on the NP workforce to guide policy and practice.


Assuntos
Equidade em Saúde , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos , Profissionais de Enfermagem/educação , Políticas , Cidade de Nova Iorque
12.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 10(3): 367-372, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37545767

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to describe the current situation of evidence-based practice (EBP) among undergraduate nursing students in Thailand. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted. A convenience sample of 470 third- and fourth-year undergraduate nursing students from five public universities across Thailand participated in this study from January 2021 to March 2021. All participants were invited to complete a general information questionnaire, and the Student Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire (S-EBPQ). Results: The overall mean S-EBPQ score was 5.29 ± 0.71, and the four subscales, from highest to lowest, were attitudes (5.50 ± 0.93), sharing and applying EBP (5.37 ± 0.87), practice (5.18 ± 0.84), and retrieving and reviewing evidence (5.10 ± 0.81). The current situation of S-EBPQ was higher among nursing students who had higher previous EBP studies, familiarity with research methods, confidence in clinical decision-making, preparedness in practice, and access to journals (P < 0.05). Conclusions: This study's findings provide valuable insights for planning strategies that can be integrated into the existing nursing curricula to enhance nursing undergraduates' EBP application in clinical settings.

14.
J Nurs Meas ; 31(3): 448-457, 2023 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37558251

RESUMO

Background and Purpose: It is critical to accurately measure and understand the nurse practitioner (NP) work environment in which individual NP information is gathered but decisions or inferences are made at an aggregated, group level. However, there is little research on preconditions of aggregating individual-level data into group level in nursing research. This study was conducted to assess the multilevel reliability and group interrater agreement (IRA) of the Nurse Practitioner Primary Care Organizational Climate Questionnaire. Methods: Secondary data analysis from a cross-sectional survey with 247 NPs in 112 practices across 6 U.S. states in 2018-2019 was used. Results: The generalizability coefficients and values of IRA were acceptable (> .70), and values of ICC(1) were significant (.18-.38). Conclusions: Aggregating individual NP data to a higher group-level work environment construct is acceptable.


Assuntos
Profissionais de Enfermagem , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Int J Older People Nurs ; 18(5): e12556, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37431711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary care structural capabilities (i.e., electronic health records, care coordination, community integration, and reminder systems) can address the multiple needs of persons living with dementia (PLWD). OBJECTIVES: This study describes structural capabilities in primary care practices where nurse practitioners (NPs) provide care to PLWD and compares the presence of structural capabilities in practices with a high and low volume of PLWD. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from 293 NPs in 259 practices in California. Logistic regression models were used to determine the association between the volume of PLWD and the presence of structural capabilities. RESULTS: NPs reported that 96% of practices had electronic health records, 61% had community integration, 55% had reminder systems and 35% had care coordination capabilities. Practices with a high volume of PLWD were less likely to have community integration compared to practices with a low volume of PLWD. CONCLUSION: Many PLWD-serving practices do not have the essential infrastructure for providing optimal dementia care. Practice managers should focus on implementing the essential structural capabilities to address the complex needs of PLWD. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Clinicians and practice administrations can use the findings of this study to improve the delivery of care in practices that provide care to PLWD.


Assuntos
Demência , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Cuidadores
16.
Med Care Res Rev ; 80(6): 563-581, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37438917

RESUMO

Multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) are more common and costly than any individual health condition in the United States. The growing workforce of nurse practitioners (NPs) plays an active role in providing primary care to this patient population. This study identifies the effect of NP primary care models, compared with models without NP involvement, on cost, quality, and service utilization by patients with MCCs. We conducted a literature search of six databases and performed critical appraisal. Fifteen studies met inclusion criteria (years: 2003-2021). Overall, most studies showed reduced or similar costs, equivalent or better quality, and similar or lower rates of emergency department use and hospitalization associated with NP primary care models for patients with MCCs, compared with models without NP involvement. No studies found them associated with worse outcomes. Thus, NP primary care models, compared with models without NP involvement, have similar or positive impacts on MCC patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Múltiplas Afecções Crônicas , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Hospitalização , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Atenção Primária à Saúde
17.
Nurs Outlook ; 71(4): 101995, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37343483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nurse practitioner (NP) workforce is key to meeting the demand for mental health services in primary care settings. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to synthesize the evidence focused on the effectiveness of NP care for patients with mental health conditions in primary care settings, particularly focused on primary care NPs and psychiatric mental health NPs and patients with anxiety, depression, and substance use disorders. METHODS: Studies published since 2014 in the United States studying NP care of patients with anxiety, depression, or substance use disorders in primary care settings were included. FINDINGS: Seventeen studies were included. Four high-quality studies showed that NP evidence-based care and prescribing were comparable to that of physicians. Seven low-quality studies suggest that NP-led collaborative care is associated with reduced symptoms. DISCUSSION: More high-quality evidence is needed to determine the effectiveness of NP care for patients with mental health conditions in primary care settings.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Mental , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Saúde Mental , Atenção Primária à Saúde
18.
Inquiry ; 60: 469580231171333, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37139742

RESUMO

Expanding scope of practice (SOP) for nurse practitioners (NPs) may increase NP employment in primary care practices which can help meet the growing demand in primary care. We examined the impact of enacting less restrictive NP practice restrictions-NP Modernization Act-in New York State (NYS) on the overall employment of primary care NPs and specifically in underserved areas. We used longitudinal data from the SK&A outpatient database (2012-2018) to identify primary care practices in NYS and in the comparison states (Pennsylvania [PA] and New Jersey [NJ]). Using a difference-in-differences design with an event study specification, we compared changes in (1) the presence and (2) total counts of NPs in primary care practices in NYS and neighboring comparison states (ie, PA and NJ) before and after the policy change. The NP Modernization Act was associated with a 1.3 percentage point lower probability of a practice employing at least one NP on average across each of the 3 post-periods (95% CI: -.024, -.002). NP Modernization Act was associated with 0.065 fewer NPs on average across the post-period (95% CI: -.119, -.011). Results were similar in underserved areas. NP employment in primary care practices in NYS was lower after the NP Modernization Act than would have been expected based counterfactual of comparison states. The negative relationship may be explained by gains in provider efficiency which leads to reduced NP hiring in primary care. More research is needed to understand the relationship between SOP regulations, NP supply, and access to care.


Assuntos
Profissionais de Enfermagem , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , Estados Unidos , New York , Emprego
19.
Res Nurs Health ; 46(4): 411-424, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37221452

RESUMO

Accurate in-hospital mortality prediction can reflect the prognosis of patients, help guide allocation of clinical resources, and help clinicians make the right care decisions. There are limitations to using traditional logistic regression models when assessing the model performance of comorbidity measures to predict in-hospital mortality. Meanwhile, the use of novel machine-learning methods is growing rapidly. In 2021, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality published new guidelines for using the Present-on-Admission (POA) indicator from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, for coding comorbidities to predict in-hospital mortality from the Elixhauser's comorbidity measurement method. We compared the model performance of logistic regression, elastic net model, and artificial neural network (ANN) to predict in-hospital mortality from Elixhauser's measures under the updated POA guidelines. In this retrospective analysis, 1,810,106 adult Medicare inpatient admissions from six US states admitted after September 23, 2017, and discharged before April 11, 2019 were extracted from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services data warehouse. The POA indicator was used to distinguish pre-existing comorbidities from complications that occurred during hospitalization. All models performed well (C-statistics >0.77). Elastic net method generated a parsimonious model, in which there were five fewer comorbidities selected to predict in-hospital mortality with similar predictive power compared to the logistic regression model. ANN had the highest C-statistics compared to the other two models (0.800 vs. 0.791 and 0.791). Elastic net model and AAN can be applied successfully to predict in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Hospitalização , Medicare , Idoso , Adulto , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Comorbidade , Aprendizado de Máquina
20.
J Clin Nurs ; 32(15-16): 5076-5083, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37219019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between nurse burnout, missed nursing care, and care quality following the COVID-19 pandemic. BACKGROUND: Quality of care and missed nursing care can be consequences of nurse burnout. Little is known about how these factors related to nurse burnout following the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional correlational design and was conducted in 12 general hospitals across Thailand from August to October 2022. METHODS: 394 nurses providing direct nursing care to patients during the COVID-19 pandemic completed the survey. The Emotional Exhaustion (EE) subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), MISSCARE survey, and quality of care reported by nurses were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Approximately thirty-six percent of nurses had burnout following the COVID-19 pandemic. Missed nursing care was higher among nurses with burnout. Most participants reported illness/symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue, a lack of concentration, and sleeping problems. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, every additional unit of emotional exhaustion was associated with 1.61 times higher odds of missed nursing care, 3.37 times higher odds of poor quality of nurse care, and 2.62 times higher odds of poor quality of care for the overall unit. CONCLUSION: The study findings demonstrate that burnout is associated with missed nursing care and poor quality of care following the COVID-19 pandemic. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Policymakers, hospital administrators, and nurse managers should invest in strategies to reduce nurse burnout, which can increase patient safety and quality of care.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
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