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1.
Psychiatr Serv ; : appips20230157, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347813

RESUMO

Stressful events can exacerbate symptoms of psychiatric disorders among primary care patients, putting them at increased risk for suicide. In a pilot study that ran from August to December of 2020, researchers evaluated the acceptability and implementation of Managing Emotions in Disaster and Crisis (MEDIC), a self-help intervention designed to assist at-risk primary care patients. A total of 108 at-risk veterans completed baseline and 6-week assessments. Results were promising, with high patient acceptability and engagement along with improvement in all measures of mental illness symptoms from baseline to posttreatment. Self-help interventions like MEDIC may offer a low-burden way for primary care providers to support more patients.

2.
J Dual Diagn ; 20(1): 29-38, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38145623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evidence for the use of integrated treatments targeting co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and alcohol use disorders is steadily growing. However, limited work has evaluated the temporal association between posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and alcohol misuse over the course of integrated treatment, with no studies examining such interventions in primary care (PC). The current study examined temporal changes in PTSS and heavy drinking among individuals who received a brief treatment for co-occurring PTSD and alcohol misuse in PC (Primary Care Treatment Integrating Motivation and Exposure; PC-TIME) compared with those who received PC treatment as usual (PC-TAU). METHOD: A total of 63 veterans (33 randomized to PC-TIME and 30 randomized to PC-TAU) presenting to PC with co-occurring PTSD and alcohol misuse were included in this study. PTSS and heavy drinking were examined at each treatment session for those in PC-TIME. Veterans in both conditions provided reports of PTSS and heavy drinking at baseline, 8-weeks (post-treatment), 14-weeks, and 20-week follow-ups. RESULTS: Session-by-session findings for PC-TIME demonstrated that PTSS at Session 1 predicted a greater decrease in heavy drinking from Session 1 to Session 2. Moreover, heavy drinking at baseline predicted greater decreases in PTSS at 8-weeks for those in PC-TIME, whereas the reverse association was found for those randomized to PC-TAU. Additionally, heavy drinking at 8-weeks predicted decreased PTSS at 14-weeks for those randomized to PC-TAU. CONCLUSIONS: The current study evidenced mixed support for the temporal precedence of PTSS and alcohol misuse. Relations between PTSS and heavy drinking appeared to be linked to treatment targets within PC-TIME and varied between treatment condition (PC-TIME versus PC-TAU). Notably, those with greater than average heavy drinking at the initiation of integrated treatment appeared to have greater reductions in PTSS at post-treatment. Results suggest a mutual maintenance model may best characterize the association between co-occurring PTSS and heavy drinking among treatment-seeking individuals.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Humanos , Veteranos/psicologia , Alcoolismo/complicações , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Alcoolismo/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Saúde Mental , Atenção Primária à Saúde
3.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 23(1): 1370, 2023 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38062433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Individuals seen in Primary Care with behavioral health concerns who decline behavioral health treatment may benefit from the support of peers (consumers in recovery from behavioral health concerns employed to support other consumers). Whole Health STEPS is a new intervention for Veterans in Primary Care with behavioral health concerns which combines essential elements of peers' role and the Whole Health model using a stepped-care design. We incorporated stakeholder feedback in the Whole Health STEPS design to improve fit with Veterans, peers, and primary care settings. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with VA staff using questions derived from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). Participants were recruited via a maximum variation strategy across a national sample and interviewed between January 2021-April 2021. The analytic design was a rapid qualitative analysis. Interviews addressed design decisions and potential barriers and facilitators to future implementation. Then, we made adaptations to Whole Health STEPS and catalogued changes using the Framework for Adaptations and Modifications-Enhanced (FRAME). A VA peer conducted the interviews, participated in analyses, assisted with design modifications, and co-wrote this paper. RESULTS: Sixteen staff members from 9 VA primary care peer programs participated (8 peers and 8 supervisors/administrators). Feedback themes included: capitalizing on peer skills (e.g., navigation), ensuring patient-centered and flexible design, and making it easy and efficient (e.g., reducing session length). Understanding the structure of primary care peers' roles and their interactions with other programs helped us identify role conflicts (e.g., overlap with Whole Health Coaches and Health Behavior Coordinators), which led to design modifications to carve out a unique role for Whole Health STEPS. Staff also made recommendations about marketing materials and training tools to support Whole Health STEPS roll out. CONCLUSIONS: Feedback from frontline staff, including peers, in the design process was crucial to identifying essential modifications that would not have been possible after initial trials without re-evaluating efficacy due to the extent of the changes. Whole Health STEPS was adapted to fit within a range of program structures, emphasize peers' unique contributions, and streamline delivery. Lessons learned can be applied to other interventions.


Assuntos
United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Veteranos , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Retroalimentação , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Atenção Primária à Saúde
4.
Prof Psychol Res Pr ; 54(1): 70-82, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38047293

RESUMO

There is a need for integrated treatment approaches that address heavy alcohol use and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) concurrently among Veterans as interactions between heavy drinking and PTSD are frequent. Veteran engagement in specialty mental health services after referral is limited with poorer outcomes following empirically-supported, exposure-based PTSD treatments that do not explicitly address alcohol use. The current project aimed to incorporate two evidenced-based interventions: Brief Motivational Intervention (BMI) with Prolonged Exposure for Primary Care (PE-PC) for Veterans with heavy drinking and PTSD. Delphi methodology was applied to adapt an intervention protocol using subject matter expert (SME) feedback to guide the refinement of a preliminary treatment manual. The newly developed brief intervention (PC-TIME) was then tested in an open trial (n=9) to gather Veteran participant feedback to modify the treatment manual.Two rounds of SME feedback resulted in 80% agreement that manual content was "acceptable as-is" across all intervention domains. The resulting protocol is a five-session, integrated intervention with session 1 primarily focused on alcohol use reduction and sessions 2-5 consisting of narrative exposure and in-vivo exercises for PTSD symptoms with brief alcohol use check-ins. Open trial results indicated high Veteran acceptance of PC-TIME structure and content, and reductions in heavy drinking and PTSD symptoms. Preliminary data suggest PC-TIME to be a promising approach for treatment of heavy alcohol use and PTSD. A pilot randomized controlled trial is necessary to demonstrate the intervention's efficacy with Veterans in a PC setting.

5.
Behav Med ; : 1-10, 2023 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37712622

RESUMO

Military veterans are at increased risk for headache disorders compared to the general population, yet the prevalence and burden associated with headache disorders among veterans is not yet well understood. In this electronic medical record study, we examined the prevalence of headache disorders among veterans seen in a northeastern network of Veterans Health Administration (VHA) primary care during 2017-2018. We also examined rates of psychiatric comorbidity and health care utilization of veterans with headache disorders for the year following the date of the first headache code in the medical record. Of the total population of veterans in the network, 1.3% had a headache disorder and another 3.5% had a possible headache disorder. Migraine and chronic migraine represented the majority of cases. Posttraumatic stress disorder was the most frequent psychiatric comorbidity. Having a headache disorder was associated with higher rates of primary care, neurology, pain clinic, and mental health service use but not higher rates of emergency department or Whole Health (e.g., patient-centered, holistic health services) use. Prevalence findings are comparable to those previously found among veterans, but a substantial proportion of veterans may have been misdiagnosed. Veterans with headache disorders have high rates of psychiatric comorbidity and use several types of health services at higher rates. Findings highlight the need for interdisciplinary care and further education and support for primary care providers. Primary care settings that integrate evidence-based behavioral and Whole Health services may be an optimal way of providing more holistic care for headache disorders.

6.
Cogn Behav Pract ; 30(3): 551-563, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37745164

RESUMO

Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and hazardous alcohol use are highly comorbid. Research on integrated interventions to address PTSD symptoms and hazardous alcohol use concurrently has demonstrated efficacy, yet integrated treatments are underutilized. Both patient (e.g., stigma, scheduling/logistics) and clinician (e.g., concern about symptom exacerbation and/or treatment dropout) barriers may impede utilization of integrated interventions among those with comorbid PTSD symptoms and hazardous alcohol use. Primary care behavioral health models (PCBH), in which embedded behavioral health providers deliver treatment to individuals with mild or moderate behavioral health symptoms in primary care, may help address treatment barriers by offering accessible behavioral health interventions in a destigmatizing setting. This paper presents two case examples from a randomized controlled trial testing the efficacy of an integrated intervention for PTSD symptoms and hazardous alcohol use developed for and delivered in primary care. Outcome data and session-by-session content for two participants are included, along with discussion of barriers encountered during the course of treatment. Clinician-suggested strategies for navigating barriers to facilitate utilization of integrated interventions for PTSD symptoms and hazardous alcohol use are also discussed.

7.
Psychol Serv ; 20(4): 745-755, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37326566

RESUMO

Prolonged exposure (PE) is a first-line treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) available in specialty mental health. PE for primary care (PE-PC) is a brief version of PE adapted for primary care mental health integration, composed of four-eight, 30-min sessions. Using retrospective data of PE-PC training cases from 155 Veterans Health Administration (VHA) providers in 99 VHA clinics who participated in a 4- to 6-month PE-PC training and consultation program, we examined patients' PTSD and depression severity across sessions via mixed effects multilevel linear modeling. Additionally, hierarchical logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess predictors of treatment dropout. Among 737 veterans, medium-to-large reductions in PTSD (intent-to-treat, Cohen's d = 0.63; completers, Cohen's d = 0.79) and small-to-medium reductions in depression (intent-to-treat, Cohen's d = 0.40; completers, Cohen's d = 0.51) were observed. The modal number of PE-PC sessions was five (SD = 1.98). Providers previously trained in both PE and cognitive processing therapy (CPT) were more likely than providers who were not trained in either PE or CPT to have veterans complete PE-PC (OR = 1.54). Veterans with military sexual trauma were less likely to complete PE-PC than veterans with combat trauma (OR = 0.42). Asian American and Pacific Islander veterans were more likely than White veterans to complete treatment (OR = 2.93). Older veterans were more likely than younger veterans to complete treatment (OR = 1.11). (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental , Terapia Implosiva , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veteranos/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Clin Psychol Rev ; 102: 102283, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37150043

RESUMO

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is more prevalent among sexual minority women (SMW) than among heterosexual women. PTSD risk varies among SMW, but no meta-analysis has clarified sexual identity-related disparities in probable PTSD among women or SMW's heterogeneity in PTSD risk. SMW are also at pronounced risk of comorbid PTSD and hazardous drinking (HD). However, the difference in comorbid PTSD/HD between SMW and heterosexual women is understudied. This meta-analysis aimed to provide a comprehensive understanding of differences between SMW and heterosexual women and among SMW across demographic characteristics. Peer-reviewed publications that were written in English and reported quantitative data on PTSD specific to SMW were included. Eligible publications (n = 45) were identified through a systematic search of 11 electronic databases, supplemented by a search of reference lists of relevant papers. We found that probable PTSD, PTSD symptom severity, and probable comorbid PTSD/HD are highly prevalent among SMW, with SMW of color, transgender and gender diverse people, and bi+ women (e.g., bisexual, pansexual, queer) being at greatest risk. These results emphasize the need to improve accurate assessment of trauma-related sequelae among SMW and to develop, disseminate, and implement culturally sensitive treatments to reduce PTSD and comorbid PTSD/HD among at-risk SMW.


Assuntos
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Feminino , Humanos , Heterossexualidade , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Bissexualidade , Comportamento Sexual
9.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 129: 107182, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37044157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) disproportionately affects low-income individuals and is untreated in 70% of those affected. One third of low-income Americans are treated in Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), which do not have the capacity to provide all patients with first-line treatments such as Prolonged Exposure (PE). To address this problem, FQHCs could use low-intensity interventions (e.g., Clinician-Supported PTSD Coach: CS PTSD Coach) and medium-intensity interventions (e.g., PE for Primary Care: PE-PC) to treat PTSD with fewer resources. However, some patients will still require high-intensity treatments (e.g., full-length PE) for sustained clinical benefit. Thus, there is a critical need to develop stepped-care models for PTSD in FQHCs. METHOD: We are conducting a Sequential, Multiple Assignment, Randomized Trial (SMART) with 430 adults with PTSD in FQHCs. Participants are initially randomized to CS PTSD Coach or PE-PC. After four sessions, early responders step down to lower frequency interaction within their assigned initial treatment strategy. Slow responders are re-randomized to either continue their initial treatment strategy or step up to Full PE for an additional eight weeks. The specific aims are to test the effectiveness of initiating treatment with PE-PC versus CS PTSD Coach in reducing PTSD symptoms and to test the effectiveness of second-stage strategies (continue versus step-up to Full PE) for slow responders. CONCLUSIONS: This project will provide critical evidence to inform the development of an effective stepped-care model for PTSD. Testing scalable, sustainable sequences of PTSD treatments delivered in low-resource community health centers will improve clinical practice for PTSD.


Assuntos
Terapia Implosiva , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Adulto , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Pobreza , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Terapia Implosiva/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
BMJ Open ; 13(4): e072892, 2023 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37055201

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mobile apps can increase access to alcohol-related care but only if patients actively engage with them. Peers have shown promise for facilitating patients' engagement with mobile apps. However, the effectiveness of peer-based mobile health interventions for unhealthy alcohol use has yet to be evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. The goal of this hybrid I effectiveness-implementation study is to test a mobile app ('Stand Down-Think Before You Drink'), with and without peer support, to improve drinking outcomes among primary care patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In two US Veterans Health Administration (VA) medical centres, 274 primary care patients who screen positive for unhealthy alcohol use and are not currently in alcohol treatment will be randomised to receive usual care (UC), UC plus access to Stand Down (App), or UC plus Peer-Supported Stand Down (PSSD-four peer-led phone sessions over the initial 8 weeks to enhance app engagement). Assessments will occur at baseline and 8-, 20- and 32-weeks postbaseline. The primary outcome is total standard drinks; secondary outcomes include drinks per drinking day, heavy drinking days and negative consequences from drinking. Hypotheses for study outcomes, as well as treatment mediators and moderators, will be tested using mixed effects models. Semi-structured interviews with patients and primary care staff will be analysed using thematic analysis to identify potential barriers and facilitators to implementation of PSSD in primary care. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol is a minimal risk study and has received approval from the VA Central Institutional Review Board. The results have the potential to transform the delivery of alcohol-related services for primary care patients who engage in unhealthy levels of drinking but rarely seek treatment. Study findings will be disseminated through collaborations with healthcare system policymakers as well as publications to scholarly journals and presentations at scientific conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05473598.


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
11.
J Gen Intern Med ; 38(Suppl 3): 905-912, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36932268

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common in primary care patients; however, evidence-based treatments are typically only available in specialty mental healthcare settings and often not accessed. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of a brief primary care-based treatment, Clinician-Supported PTSD Coach (CS PTSD Coach) was compared with Primary Care Mental Health Integration-Treatment as Usual (PCMHI-TAU) in (1) reducing PTSD severity, (2) engaging veterans in specialty mental health care, and (3) patient satisfaction with care. DESIGN: Multi-site randomized pragmatic clinical trial. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 234 veterans with PTSD symptoms who were not currently accessing PTSD treatment. INTERVENTION: CS PTSD Coach was designed to be implemented in Veterans Affairs PCMHI and combines mental health clinician support with the "PTSD Coach" mobile app. Four 30-min sessions encourage daily use of symptom management strategies. MAIN MEASURES: PTSD severity was measured by clinician-rated interviews pre- and post-treatment (8 weeks). Self-report measures assessed PTSD, depression, and quality of life at pretreatment, posttreatment, and 16- and 24-week follow-ups, and patient satisfaction at post-treatment. Mental healthcare utilization was extracted from medical records. KEY RESULTS: Clinician-rated PTSD severity did not differ by condition at post-treatment. CS PTSD Coach participants improved more on patient-reported PTSD severity at post-treatment than TAU participants (D = .28, p = .021). Coach participants who continued to have problematic PTSD symptoms at post-treatment were not more likely to engage in 2 sessions of specialty mental health treatment than TAU participants. Coach participants engaged in 74% more sessions in the intervention and reported higher treatment satisfaction than TAU participants (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: A structured 4-session intervention designed to align with patient preferences for care resulted in more patient-reported PTSD symptom relief, greater utilization of mental health treatment, and overall treatment satisfaction than TAU, but not more clinician-rated PTSD symptom relief or engagement in specialty mental health.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Psicoterapia , Veteranos/psicologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos
12.
Psychol Serv ; 20(3): 444-452, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807666

RESUMO

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common in veterans, and trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies (TF-EBP) have the strongest evidence for reducing PTSD and improving functioning. However, most veterans with PTSD do not receive TF-EBP. Extensive research focuses on why this gap between scientific recommendations and clinician practice exists. This study adds an unique perspective by reporting on a program evaluation that was jointly designed and implemented by Veterans Affairs researchers and PTSD Clinic providers to increase shared understanding about patterns and predictors of TF-EBP and non-TF-EBP use and interpret results in light of clinic contextual factors. The evaluation describes the psychotherapy utilization patterns of 242 veterans' who were referred to the PTSD clinic and investigates what patient characteristics predict psychotherapy use over the next year. Most veterans (87%) received psychotherapy: 27% received at least one session of TF-EBP and 14% received an adequate dose of TF-EBP. Veterans who started TF-EBP were significantly more likely to receive eight sessions compared to veterans getting non-TF-EBP. Core PTSD symptoms predicted more psychotherapy use, while negative beliefs about oneself/the world predicted less psychotherapy use. Clinicians were more likely to recommend TF-EBP when veterans endorsed feeling guilt/shame in reaction to their emotions. Referral from integrated primary care-mental health providers rather than specialty mental health providers predicted more overall psychotherapy sessions. Clinicians interpret results in line with contextual factors that promote delivery of non-TF-EBP. More clinician engagement in the research process can improve the clinical relevance of research and help bridge the gap between scientific and practice. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Veteranos/psicologia , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências/métodos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs , Psicoterapia/métodos
13.
Psychol Serv ; 20(4): 734-744, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107676

RESUMO

One in four veteran primary care patients suffers from a mental health condition; however, most do not receive any treatment for these problems. Mobile health (mHealth) can overcome barriers to care access, but poor patient engagement limits the effectiveness and implementation of these tools. Peers may facilitate patient engagement with mHealth. We designed a protocol for peers to support implementation of mobile mental health tools in primary care and tested the feasibility, acceptability, and clinical utility of this approach. Thirty-nine patients across two Veterans Affairs sites who screened positive for depression during a primary care visit and were not currently in mental health treatment were enrolled. Participants were scheduled for four phone sessions with a peer over 8 weeks and introduced to five mobile apps for a range of transdiagnostic mental health issues (stress, low mood, sleep problems, anger, and trauma). Pre/post phone interviews using quantitative and qualitative approaches assessed participants' self-reported app use, satisfaction with the intervention, symptom change (stress, anxiety, depression, insomnia), and progress with personal health goals. On average, patients reported using 3.04 apps (SD = 1.46). Per the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire, global satisfaction with the intervention was high (M = 25.71 out of 32, SD = 3.95). Pre to post participants reported significant improvements in their level of stress, based on a quantitative measure (p = .008), and 87% reported progress on at least one personal health goal. Findings support the feasibility, acceptability, and clinical utility of peer-supported mobile mental health for veterans in primary care. A randomized controlled trial of an adaptive version of this intervention is recommended. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Aplicativos Móveis , Telemedicina , Veteranos , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Projetos Piloto , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Veteranos/psicologia
14.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 84(1)2022 12 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36576365

RESUMO

Objective: Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are often reluctant to engage in traditional mental health care but do seek primary care services. Alternative strategies are needed to develop emotional regulation skills among individuals with PTSD symptoms. This study examined the feasibility and effectiveness of Primary Care Brief Mindfulness Training (PCBMT) compared to a psychoeducational group for reducing PTSD symptoms.Methods: Primary care patients (n = 55) with DSM-5 PTSD symptoms but not engaged in PTSD psychotherapies were randomized to 4-week PCBMT or a PTSD psychoeducation group (EDU). Both groups were cofacilitated by mental health providers and veteran peer specialists. Between January 2019 and March 2020, assessments were completed at baseline, post-treatment, and 16- and 24-week follow-up.Results: PCBMT participants had significantly larger decreases in PTSD symptoms from pre- to post-treatment (d = 0.57) and depression from pre-treatment to 16- and 24-week follow-ups (d = 0.67, 0.60) compared to EDU. PCBMT participants also reported significantly greater improvements in health responsibility (d = 0.79), stress management (d = 0.99), and not feeling dominated by symptoms (d = 0.71). Both interventions resulted in the majority of participants "stepping up" to a higher level of PTSD care.Conclusions: Brief mindfulness training is effective for reducing psychiatric symptoms and improving broader recovery outcomes and health promoting behaviors. For individuals who are not yet willing to engage in trauma-focused PTSD treatment, PCBMT may be preferable and more effective than psychoeducational classes as preliminary treatments. Further research is needed to confirm the effectiveness of PCBMT in a larger sample and investigate factors that will support wider implementation in primary care settings.Clinical Trials Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03352011.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Atenção Plena/métodos , Veteranos/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360867

RESUMO

This study explores differences in characteristics and relationship treatment preferences across different levels of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Veterans Affairs (VA) primary care patients. In Fall 2019, we sent a mail-in survey assessing relationship healthcare needs to N = 299 Veterans randomly sampled from 20 northeastern VA primary care clinics (oversampling female and younger Veterans). We compared those reporting past year use or experience of physical/sexual aggression, threats/coercion, or injury (Severe IPV; 21%), to those only reporting yelling and screaming (Verbal Conflict; 51%), and denying any IPV (No IPV; 28%). Participants across groups desired 2-6 sessions of face-to-face support for couples' health and communication. No IPV participants were older and had preferred treatment in primary care. The Verbal Conflict and Severe IPV groups were both flagged by IPV screens and had similar interest in couple treatment and relationship evaluation. The Severe IPV group had higher rates of harms (e.g., depression, alcohol use disorder, relationship dissatisfaction, fear of partner) and higher interest in addressing safety outside of VA. Exploratory analyses suggested differences based on use vs. experience of Severe IPV. Findings highlight ways integrated primary care teams can differentiate services to address dissatisfaction and conflict while facilitating referrals for Severe IPV.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Veteranos , Humanos , Feminino , Agressão , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atenção Primária à Saúde
16.
Contemp Clin Trials ; 120: 106876, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35987487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) is common and concurrent treatment is recommended. Relatively little is known about which evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD are most effective for patients with varying substance use profiles. We aim to examine the comparative effectiveness of trauma-focused therapy (TFT) and non-trauma-focused therapy (NTFT) among Veterans with PTSD and SUD. TFT has been found to be effective among those with PTSD/SUD, though effects are smaller and rates of treatment non-completion are higher than in those without SUD. NTFTs suggested for the treatment of PTSD, such as Present Centered Therapy, (PCT) have not been examined among those with co-occurring SUD, despite lower rates of treatment dropout. We will also examine the comparative effectiveness of TFT and NTFT for patients with varying SUD severity, type of substances used, and patient treatment preference. METHOD: 420 Veterans with PTSD and SUD will be randomized in a prospective, pragmatic comparative effectiveness trial at 14 Veterans Health Administration facilities. Participants will receive either TFT (Prolonged Exposure or Cognitive Processing Therapy) or NTFT (PCT) after enrolling in concurrent SUD treatment-as-usual. Assessments will occur at baseline, posttreatment, 3- and 6 -months posttreatment. Main outcomes are PTSD symptom severity and PTSD treatment dropout. Clinician, patient, and leadership stakeholder panels advise study activities, and a process evaluation will identify strategies to enhance the implementation of evidence-based PTSD treatments in SUD care settings. CONCLUSIONS: Results will provide critical information to guide clinicians when recommending PTSD treatments to patients with comorbid SUD. CLINICALTRIALS: gov Identifier: NCT04581434.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Veteranos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Veteranos/psicologia
17.
Mil Med ; 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35714103

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Women Veterans experience a broad range of stressors (e.g., family, relationship, and financial) and high rates of mental health and physical health conditions, all of which contribute to high levels of stress. Personalized Support for Progress (PSP), an evidence-based intervention, is well suited to support women Veterans with high stress as it involves a card-sort task to prioritize concerns as well as pragmatic and emotional support to develop and implement a personalized plan addressing those concerns. Our aims were to explore the population and context for delivery and evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and utility of PSP delivered by a peer specialist to complement existing services in a Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Women's Wellness Center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled pilot trial compared treatment as usual plus PSP to treatment as usual and used the a priori Go/No-Go criteria to establish success for each outcome. We interviewed staff regarding the population and delivery context at a VHA Women's Wellness Center and analyzed interviews using a rapid qualitative approach. For the rapid qualitative analysis, we created templated summaries of each interview to identify key concepts within each a priori theme, reviewed each theme's content across all interviews, and finally reviewed key concepts across themes. We evaluated feasibility using recruitment and retention rates; acceptability via Veteran satisfaction, working relationship with the peer, and staff satisfaction; and utility based on the proportion of Veterans who experienced a large change in outcomes (e.g., stress, mental health symptoms, and quality of life). The Syracuse VA Human Subjects Institutional Review Board approved all procedures. RESULTS: Staff interviews highlight that women Veterans have numerous unmet social needs and concerns common among women which increase the complexity of their care; call for a supportive, consistent, trusting relationship with someone on their health care team; and require many resources (e.g., staff such as social workers, services such as legal support, and physical items such as diapers) to support their needs (some of which are available within VHA but may need support for staffing or access, and some of which are unavailable). Feasibility outcomes suggest a need to modify PSP and research methods to enhance intervention and assessment retention before the larger trial; the recruitment rate was acceptable by the end of the trial. Veteran acceptability of PSP was high. Veteran outcomes demonstrate promise for utility to improve stress, mental health symptoms, and quality of life for women Veterans. CONCLUSIONS: Given the high acceptability and promising outcomes for utility, changes to the design to enhance the feasibility outcomes which failed to meet the a priori Go/No-Go criteria are warranted. These outcomes support future trials of PSP within VHA Women's Wellness Centers.

18.
Glob Adv Health Med ; 11: 2164957X221103550, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35601467

RESUMO

Background: The Veterans Health Administration is rolling out a Whole Health system of care as part of an enhanced focus on proactive, person-centered healthcare. Objective: Our program evaluation seeks to characterize what Veterans use Whole Health services, for what diagnoses they are seeking Whole Health services, and to examine "high utilizers" of Whole Health services. Methods: Data were collected on 174 Veterans using Whole Health services from December 2018 through March 2020 and consisted of chart review and self-report data. Results: Women were more likely than men Veterans to use individual only Whole Health services. High utilizers (the top 30% of the sample in Whole Health services used) were more likely to attend groups than the remainder of the sample. Conclusion: Future work should examine the community-building aspects of Whole Health and ways to create group programming tailored to women Veterans.

20.
J Nerv Ment Dis ; 210(3): 223-226, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35199661

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although nightmares are known to predict the clinical course of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), research on the relationship between specific nightmare characteristics and PTSD severity is sparse. This study conducted a secondary analysis to explore how five nightmare characteristics are cross-sectionally related to PTSD severity in 76 combat veterans with PTSD and at-risk alcohol use. Consistent with emotional processing theory, we hypothesized that more replicative, threatening, realistic, and easily recalled nightmares would be associated with more severe PTSD, whereas those with greater symbolism would predict lower PTSD severity. Nightmares narratives were audio-recorded and rated by multiple coders. Multiple analyses of variance explored the relationship between nightmare characteristics and PTSD clinical indicators. Most nightmares were realistic, easily recalled, and involved significant threat. Greater realism and replication were associated with greater PTSD severity. Realistic and replicative nightmares may be markers of more severe PTSD and may indicate that less emotional processing of the trauma has occurred.


Assuntos
Distúrbios de Guerra , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Veteranos , Distúrbios de Guerra/psicologia , Sonhos/psicologia , Humanos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Veteranos/psicologia
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