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1.
J Ethnobiol Ethnomed ; 19(1): 63, 2023 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38105250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ethnobotanical studies in metropolitan areas and urban ethnic markets have grown considerably in recent years as large cities have demonstrated to be significantly rich in biocultural diversity and in driving its evolution, as human populations migrate from one region to another. Urban spaces also represent important places of rich multicultural and multilingual interaction and exchange, where ethnobotany can act as a bridge between research and action. The purpose of this study is to present a case study on how to use ethnobotany in multicultural urban settings by studying people-plant interactions and the larger implications and applications to promote biocultural learning in these areas. METHODS: We inventoried the botanical composition of fresh and dry products sold in most food stores owned by Chinese immigrants in Fondo, a neighbourhood of Barcelona's metropolitan area, in Santa Coloma de Gramenet municipality (Barcelonès county, Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula), pharmacologically validating the obtained list with the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. We also participated in multiple dissemination activities and materials (non-academic and academic), along with exchanges with the broader community in relation to this research. RESULTS: In total, 103 plants were identified at the species level, pertaining to 88 genera and 46 botanical families. Including the infraspecific level, a total of 113 plant taxa were inventoried. One algal and six fungal species were also recorded, but not included in the analyses. Brassicaceae (12.4%) and Fabaceae (10.6%) were the most predominant families inventoried, followed by Cucurbitaceae (7.1%) and Poaceae (7.1%). Over three-quarters of all the taxa have an Asian origin (76.11%), indicating a high conservation of the use of Asian taxa. Over one-third (36.89%) of the plant parts pertain to species contained in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, showing the relevance of medicinal plants in local stores and the preponderance of Eastern Asian food-medicine continuums. To promote ethnobotanical education programmes, over 50 dissemination activities and educational materials were produced from this study and shared with the local urban community in different fora. CONCLUSIONS: Further research in these and similar settings can provide significant ethnographic information to better understand anthropological processes and phenomena underlying migration and transculturation that can be used in an umbrella of applications, from adequate nomenclature and labelling of foreign products in local languages to multicultural integration and social cohesion programmes along with educational activities on biocultural topics.


Assuntos
Fabaceae , Plantas Medicinais , Humanos , Etnobotânica , Espanha , Diversidade Cultural
2.
Waste Manag ; 148: 106-116, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35667237

RESUMO

Several studies have addressed the potential biorefinery, through small-scale pyrolysis, of coffee silverskin (CSS), grape pomace (GP) and olive mill waste (OMW), which are respectively the main solid residues from coffee roasting, wine making and olive oil production processes. However, increasing the scale of reactor to bring these studies to an industrial level may affect the properties, and hence applications, of the resulting products. The aim of this study is therefore to perform pilot scale experiments to compare and verify the results of analytical study (TGA) and bench scale reactor runs, in order to understand the fundamental differences and create correlations between pyrolysis runs at different scales. To this end, pyrolysis liquids and biochars from the slow pyrolysis of CSS, GP and OMW, performed using different scale auger reactors (15 kg/h and 0.3 kg/h), have been analysed (TGA, pH, density, proximate and ultimate analyses, HHV, FTIR, GCMS) and compared. The results showed no major differences in biochars when the temperature and the solid residence time were fixed. However, regarding pyrolysis liquids, compounds from the lab reactor were more degraded than pilot plant ones, due to, in this case, the vapour residence time was longer. Regarding the properties of the pyrolysis products, GP 400 °C biochars showed the best properties for combustion; CSS biochars were especially rich in nitrogen, and 400 °C GP and OMW pyrolysis liquids showed the highest number of phenolics. Hence, this study is considered a first step towards industrial scale CSS, GP and OMW pyrolysis-based biorefinery.


Assuntos
Olea , Vitis , Carvão Vegetal/química , Café , Pirólise
3.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(6): e0009386, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34061851

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Scabies is a neglected tropical disease of the skin, causing severe itching, stigmatizing skin lesions and systemic complications. Since 2015, the DerMalawi project provide an integrated skin diseases clinics and Tele-dermatology care in Malawi. Clinic based data suggested a progressive increase in scabies cases observed. To better identify and treat individuals with scabies in the region, we shifted from a clinic-based model to a community based outreach programme. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: From May 2015, DerMalawi project provide integrated skin diseases and Tele-dermatological care in the Nkhotakota and Salima health districts in Malawi. Demographic and clinical data of all patients personally attended are recorded. Due to a progressive increase in the number of cases of scabies the project shifted to a community-based outreach programme. For the community outreach activities, we conducted three visits between 2018 to 2019 and undertook screening in schools and villages of Alinafe Hospital catchment area. Treatment was offered for all the cases and school or household contacts. Scabies increased from 2.9% to 39.2% of all cases seen by the DerMalawi project at clinics between 2015 to 2018. During the community-based activities approximately 50% of the population was assessed in each of three visits. The prevalence of scabies was similar in the first two rounds, 15.4% (2392) at the first visit and 17.2% at the second visit. The prevalence of scabies appeared to be lower (2.4%) at the third visit. The prevalence of impetigo appeared unchanged and was 6.7% at the first visit and 5.2% at the final visit. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Prevalence of scabies in our setting was very high suggesting that scabies is a major public health problem in parts of Malawi. Further work is required to more accurately assess the burden of disease and develop appropriate public health strategies for its control.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Comunitária , Escabiose/diagnóstico , Escabiose/epidemiologia , Acaricidas/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Malaui/epidemiologia , Masculino , População Rural , Escabiose/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
10.
Waste Manag ; 109: 19-27, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32380378

RESUMO

The coffee roasting industry produces about 0.4 Mt of coffee silverskin (CSS) per year, the only residue generated from the roasting process that is mostly disposed as industrial waste. The aim of this study is to convert CSS into value-added products by intermediate pyrolysis, transforming the waste into a resource within an integrated biorefinery perspective. To this end, bio-oils and biochars from the intermediate pyrolysis of CSS at 280 °C, 400 °C and 500 °C have been studied. GC-MS analysis showed that bio-oils were composed of value-added products such as caffeine, acetic acid, pyridine and phenolics, the latter being the most interesting due to their antioxidant properties. Total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of the samples were determined through Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) and DPPH methods, revealing an increase in phenolics in bio-oils compared to CSS extract directly from the feedstock. The bio-oil with the highest phenolic content and antioxidant properties was produced at 280 °C and contained 6.09 and 3.02 mg of gallic acid equivalents /g of bio-oil determined by FC and DPPH methods, respectively. This represents a global potential of up to 487 and 242 tones of gallic acid equivalents per year, considering the FC results and DPPH respectively. The resulting 280 °C biochar presented significant calorific values (22 MJ/kg), indicating its potential use as an energy source. Hence, CSS pyrolysis converts a waste into a by-product and a resource, increasing the environmental benefits and contributing to the circular economy and bioeconomy.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Café , Biocombustíveis , Temperatura Alta , Resíduos Industriais , Fenóis , Pirólise
11.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 46(3): 250-252, July-Sept. 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-959813

RESUMO

Abstract Hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disorder in clinical practice. It is sometimes difficult to identify the causes. We present a case about severe multifactorial hyponatremia in a patient with a history of lung transplantation on regular tacrolimus who complained of back pain being treated with tramadol. Possible causes are analyzed and discussed.


Resumen La hiponatremia es una alteración habitual en la práctica clínica. En algunas ocasiones es difícil identificar la causa. Presentamos el caso de una hiponatremia multifactorial en un paciente con historia de trasplante pulmonar en tratamiento con tacrolimus que inició tratamiento con tramadol debido a una lumbalgia. Se analizan y discuten las posibles causas.


Assuntos
Humanos
13.
Pain Pract ; 15(1): 12-21, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24314001

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) symptoms and signs are nonspecific. If required, diagnostic blocks may find the source of pain, but indicators of suspect diagnosis must be defined to identify anatomical targets. OBJECTIVE: To reach a consensus from an expert panel on the indicators for the most common causes of LBP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 3-round (2 telematic and 1 face-to-face) modified Delphi survey with a questionnaire on 78 evidence-based indicators of 7 LBP etiologies was completed by 23 experts. RESULTS: 98.7% of the questionnaire was consensuated. The most accepted indicators were for zygapophysial joint pain, painful ipsilateral paravertebral palpation, worsening with trunk extension, paravertebral musculature spasm on the affected articulation, and referred pain above the knee, without radicular pattern. For sacroiliac joint pain, unilateral pain when seating, with at least 3 described provoking tests: Approximation; gapping; Patrick's; Gaenslen's; thigh thrust; Fortin finger; and Gillet's tests. For discogenic pain, midline pain that may be provoked by pressure on the spinal processes at the affected level; for quadratus lumborum muscle, painful palpation on both the L1 level paravertebral region, referred to iliac crest, and the iliac crest, referred to greater trochanter. For iliopsoas muscle, pain elicited by thigh flexion, referred to buttock, inguinal region, and anterior thigh. For pyramidal muscle, pain while sitting on the affected side and positive Freiberg's test. For radicular pain, paresthesias and positive Lassègue's test at 60°. CONCLUSION: Seventy-seven diagnostic suspect indicators of LBP conditions were consensuated. These may facilitate conservative or interventional pain management decision-making.


Assuntos
Artralgia/diagnóstico , Músculos do Dorso , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Mialgia/diagnóstico , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico , Articulação Sacroilíaca , Articulação Zigapofisária , Artralgia/complicações , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares , Mialgia/complicações , Radiculopatia/complicações , Inquéritos e Questionários , Avaliação de Sintomas
14.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 35(6): 683.e3-4, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23992627

RESUMO

We present a case of olfactory reference syndrome (ORS) with complaints of bromhidrosis. This patient underwent a lumbar sympathectomy to correct the imagined body odor problem. The patient reported experiencing an improvement after surgery, but later, the olfactory symptoms returned. The main objective with ORS patients should be to begin psychiatric treatment early. Other treatments usually appear to be ineffective and cause great dissatisfaction.


Assuntos
Delusões/diagnóstico , Odorantes , Sudorese , Simpatectomia , Procedimentos Desnecessários , Delusões/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome , Adulto Jovem
15.
J AAPOS ; 15(6): 606-8, 2011 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22153412

RESUMO

Uveal melanoma is extremely rare in children. Its clinical and histopathological features have been reported to be similar to those observed in adults. The tumor usually presents as a sessile or dome-shaped mass with secondary nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachment. We report a 19-month-old boy with a choroidal melanoma presenting as hemorrhagic retinal detachment and buphthalmos. The eye was enucleated, but the child subsequently died from systemic metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Coroide/diagnóstico , Melanoma/diagnóstico , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Hidroftalmia/etiologia , Lactente , Masculino , Descolamento Retiniano/etiologia
16.
Pain Pract ; 8(3): 202-5, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18476897

RESUMO

Mechanical low back pain secondary to degenerative facet joint changes is a common reason for referral to pain clinics. When these changes cause encroachment into the intervertebral foramen, radicular pain may result. While pulsed radiofrequency of the dorsal root ganglion can be used in this setting, the anatomic deformity may make the transforaminal approach difficult. We report a case where a trans-facet approach was used successfully and describe the technique.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Eletrocoagulação/métodos , Gânglios Espinais/cirurgia , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares , Radiculopatia/cirurgia , Terapia por Radiofrequência , Escoliose/complicações , Osteofitose Vertebral/complicações , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Bloqueio Nervoso Autônomo , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiculopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Estenose Espinal/complicações
17.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 43(8): 876-9, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16201900

RESUMO

Portable meters for blood glucose concentrations are used at the patients bedside, as well as by patients for self-monitoring of blood glucose. Even though most devices have important technological advances that decrease operator error, the analytical goals proposed for the performance of glucose meters have been recently changed by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) to reach <5% analytical error and <7.9% total error. We studied 80 meters throughout the Virgen Macarena Hospital and we found most devices with performance error higher than 10%. The aim of the present study was to establish a new system to control portable glucose meters together with an educational program for nurses in a 1200-bed University Hospital to achieve recommended analytical goals, so that we could improve the quality of diabetes care. We used portable glucose meters connected on-line to the laboratory after an educational program for nurses with responsibilities in point-of-care testing. We evaluated the system by assessing total error of the glucometers using high- and low-level glucose control solutions. In a period of 6 months, we collected data from 5642 control samples obtained by 14 devices (Precision PCx) directly from the control program (QC manager). The average total error for the low-level glucose control (2.77 mmol/l) was 6.3% (range 5.5-7.6%), and even lower for the high-level glucose control (16.66 mmol/l), at 4.8% (range 4.1-6.5%). In conclusion, the performance of glucose meters used in our University Hospital with more than 1000 beds not only improved after the intervention, but the meters achieved the analytical goals of the suggested ADA/National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry criteria for total error (<7.9% in the range 2.77-16.66 mmol/l glucose) and optimal total error for high glucose concentrations of <5%, which will improve the quality of care of our patients.


Assuntos
Análise Química do Sangue/enfermagem , Análise Química do Sangue/normas , Glicemia/análise , Educação em Enfermagem , Análise Química do Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Sistemas On-Line , Controle de Qualidade , Espanha
18.
Neuromodulation ; 8(2): 105-11, 2005 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22151439

RESUMO

Objectives To retrospectively analyze by indices of success, patients with chronic complex pain, including, axial low back pain, receiving dual spinal cord stimulation (SCS) systems. Methods Eighteen patients with dual spinal cord stimulators have been retrospectively and nonrandomly analyzed. The preponderance of patients in our study group had failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). Parameters of success of our therapy included reduction of medication, if any, complications, if any, and satisfaction with therapy and improvement in the quality of life, measured by a visual analogical scale (VAS) from 0 to 10. Patients were asked to rate their overall experience with their SCS systems and were divided into four separate groupings according to their overall rating of their therapy. These four groupings included therapy ratings of excellent (70-100%), good (> 50%), fair (< 50%), and poor (< 30%). Satisfaction with therapy and improvement in quality of life were evaluated on a five-point scale. Patients were asked to rate changes in their quality of life after therapy using the following normative scale: much better, better, no change, worse, and much worse. All the patients in our study were asked if they would repeat their therapy with dual spinal cord stimulation. Results Paresthesia coverage, overlapping the reported painful region, was obtained in 80% of the patients in our study. The VAS decreased an average of 5.6 (range 2-10) after 6 months and 4.9 (range 2-8) at the end of the study. Six patients (37.5%) reported excellent results; four patients (25%) reported good; three (18.7%), fair and poor. Seventy percent of the patients were satisfied with the treatment and reported an increase in their quality of life. Medications were reduced in 75% of the patients. Thirteen (81%) patients with dual lead SCS therapy were willing to repeat the SCS implant procedure. Complications occurred in 43.7%. Conclusions Dual spinal cord stimulation is appropriate and efficacious for treating complex pathology and complex pain that including pain of the low, axial back.

19.
Pain Pract ; 5(2): 103-10, 2005 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17177756

RESUMO

The ganglion impar, a single structure usually found at the anterior aspect of the sacrococcygeal joint, is the lowest ganglion of the paravertebral sympathetic chain. Its blockade is indicated in visceral pain syndromes and/or sympathetic pain syndromes of the perineal region. Several approaches to this block have been described, mainly through the anococcygeal or sacrococcygeal ligaments. We propose a modified approach to thermocoagulation of the ganglion impar, using a two-needle technique, the first one, placed through the sacrococcygeal ligament, the transsacrococcygeal needle, and the second one through a coccygeal disc, the transdiscal needle. The thermocoagulation technique that we employ uses a conventional radiofrequency application of 80 degrees C for 80 seconds through each needle. In this prospective study, 13 patients with chronic perineal, noncancer-related pain were followed for a maximum of 6 months. All of these patients underwent diagnostic ganglion impar block with local anesthetic prior to inducing neurodestruction with conventional radiofrequency application, as a positive result to the diagnostic local anesthetic block was a requisite for radiofrequency neurodestruction. We measured pain using a visual analog scale (VAS) before and after treatment. Statistical significance was assessed using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon range summation test. Initially the VAS was equal to or greater than 7. After therapy the VAS decreased by an average of 50% in the whole group. There were no adverse events. Our result show that this proposed modified approach to the block and use of radiofrequency for the ganglion impar is useful for the treatment of perineal noncancer-related pain.

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