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1.
Clin Lab ; 70(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The goal was to explore the aberrant human epididymal protein 4 (HE4) in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients and its association with C-reactive protein (CRP), uric acid (UA), and homocysteine (HCY). METHODS: Analysis of serum HE4 and its relevance with associated indexes in 117 CHF patients was implemented. RESULTS: Serum HE4 in CHF patients was linked with the disease's severity and CRP, UA, and HCY. An assessment value was provided for it (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HE4 is aberrant in CHF patients' serum and is associated with the disease's severity and CRP, UA, and HCY's indexes.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Ácido Úrico , Homocisteína , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Doença Crônica
2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1373869, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628582

RESUMO

Objective: Double pituitary adenomas (DPA) are a rare clinical condition, and our knowledge of them is limited. Missing the second lesion leading to incomplete biochemical remission after surgery is an important challenge in DPA management. This study aims to analyze independent prognostic factors in DPA patients and summarize clinical experiences to prevent surgical failure. Methods: Two cases of DPA patients with Cushing's disease diagnosed and surgically treated at Peking Union Medical College Hospital are reported. A literature review was performed on the online database Pubmed, and 57 DPA patients from 22 retrieved articles were included. Demographic characteristics, endocrine manifestations, diagnostic methods, tumor size, and immunohistochemical features of 59 patients were analyzed. Binary logistic regression models were used to identify independent prognostic factors affecting postoperative biochemical remission. Results: Among 59 DPA patients, the mean ± SD age was 43.64 ± 14.42 years, with 61.02% being female (n = 36). The most common endocrine manifestations were Cushing's syndrome (23/59, 38.98%) and acromegaly (20/59, 33.90%). The most prevalent immunohistochemical types were ACTH-immunopositive (31/118, 26.27%) and GH-immunopositive (31/118, 26.27%) tumors. Microadenomas (<1cm) were the most frequent in terms of tumor size (62/92, 67.39%). The detection rate for double lesions on 3.0T MRI was 50.00% (14/28), which significantly higher than 1.5T MRI (P = 0.034). Univariate analysis revealed that female, Cushing's syndrome and only single lesion detected by surgical exploration were associated with significantly worse prognosis (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis identified double lesion detected by surgical exploration (OR = 0.08, P = 0.003) and contiguous type tumor (OR = 0.06, P = 0.017) as independent protective factors for DPA patients. Conclusions: The double lesion detected by surgical exploration is independently associated with a better prognosis for DPA patients. Comprehensive intraoperative exploration are crucial measures to avoid missing causative lesions.


Assuntos
Acromegalia , Adenoma , Síndrome de Cushing , Hipersecreção Hipofisária de ACTH , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Síndrome de Cushing/diagnóstico , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Hipersecreção Hipofisária de ACTH/complicações , Acromegalia/complicações
3.
Behav Brain Res ; : 114999, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38615978

RESUMO

Itch is one of the most common clinical symptoms in patients with diseases of the skin, liver, or kidney, and it strongly triggers aversive emotion and scratching behavior. Previous studies have confirmed the role of the prelimbic cortex (Prl) and the nucleus accumbens core (NAcC), which are reward and motivation regulatory centers, in the regulation of itch. However, it is currently unclear whether the Prl-NAcC projection, an important pathway connecting these two brain regions, is involved in the regulation of itch and its associated negative emotions. In this study, rat models of acute neck and cheek itch were established by subcutaneous injection of 5-HT, compound 48/80, or chloroquine. Immunofluorescence experiments determined that the number of c-Fos-immunopositive neurons in the Prl increased during acute itch. Chemogenetic inhibition of Prl glutamatergic neurons or Prl-NAcC glutamatergic projections can inhibit both histaminergic and nonhistaminergic itch-scratching behaviors and rectify the itch-related conditioned place aversion (CPA) behavior associated with nonhistaminergic itch. The Prl-NAcC projection may play an important role in the positive regulation of itch-scratching behavior by mediating the negative emotions related to itch.

4.
Circulation ; 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a severe aortic disease without effective pharmacological approaches. The nuclear hormone receptor LXRα (liver X receptor α), encoded by the NR1H3 gene, serves as a critical transcriptional mediator linked to several vascular pathologies, but its role in AAA remains elusive. METHODS: Through integrated analyses of human and murine AAA gene expression microarray data sets, we identified NR1H3 as a candidate gene regulating AAA formation. To investigate the role of LXRα in AAA formation, we used global Nr1h3-knockout and vascular smooth muscle cell-specific Nr1h3-knockout mice in 2 AAA mouse models induced with angiotensin II (1000 ng·kg·min; 28 days) or calcium chloride (CaCl2; 0.5 mol/L; 42 days). RESULTS: Upregulated LXRα was observed in the aortas of patients with AAA and in angiotensin II- or CaCl2-treated mice. Global or vascular smooth muscle cell-specific Nr1h3 knockout inhibited AAA formation in 2 mouse models. Loss of LXRα function prevented extracellular matrix degeneration, inflammation, and vascular smooth muscle cell phenotypic switching. Uhrf1, an epigenetic master regulator, was identified as a direct target gene of LXRα by integrated analysis of transcriptome sequencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing. Susceptibility to AAA development was consistently enhanced by UHRF1 (ubiquitin-like containing PHD and RING finger domains 1) in both angiotensin II- and CaCl2-induced mouse models. We then determined the CpG methylation status and promoter accessibility of UHRF1-mediated genes using CUT&Tag (cleavage under targets and tagmentation), RRBS (reduced representation bisulfite sequencing), and ATAC-seq (assay for transposase-accessible chromatin with sequencing) in vascular smooth muscle cells, which revealed that the recruitment of UHRF1 to the promoter of miR-26b led to DNA hypermethylation accompanied by relatively closed chromatin states, and caused downregulation of miR-26b expression in AAA. Regarding clinical significance, we found that underexpression of miR-26b-3p correlated with high risk in patients with AAA. Maintaining miR-26b-3p expression prevented AAA progression and alleviated the overall pathological process. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals a pivotal role of the LXRα/UHRF1/miR-26b-3p axis in AAA and provides potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for AAA.

5.
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1327264, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454987

RESUMO

Introduction: The survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals or patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is influenced by multiple factors. Studying survival and influential factors after antiretroviral therapy (ART) contributes to improving treatment protocols, management strategies, and prognosis for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Methods: This retrospective cohort study collected case data and follow-up records of PLWHA who received ART in Dazu District, Chongqing City, between 2007 and 2022. Cumulative survival rates were calculated using life tables. Survival curves were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method. Uni-variable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards models analyzed factors influencing survival. Results: The study included 5,237 PLWHA receiving ART. Within the first year of ART initiation, 146 AIDS-related deaths occurred, accounting for 29.49% (146/495) of total deaths. Cumulative survival rates at 1, 5, 10, and 15 years were 0.97, 0.90, 0.85, and 0.79, respectively. During the observation period, male patients who received ART had a 1.89 times higher risk of death compared to females (aHR, 1.89; 95%; CI, 1.50-2.37). Patients aged ≥60 years had a 3.44-fold higher risk of death than those aged <30 years (aHR, 3.44; 95% CI, 1.22-9.67). Injection drug users (aHR, 4.95; 95% CI, 2.00-12.24) had a higher risk of death than those with heterosexual (aHR, 1.60; 95% CI, 0.69-3.72) and homosexual transmission. Patients with a baseline CD4+ T lymphocyte count <200 cells/µL (aHR, 8.02; 95% CI, 4.74-13.57) and between 200 and 349 cells/µL (aHR, 2.14; 95% CI, 1.26-3.64) had a higher risk of death than those with ≥350 cells/µL. Patients with ART initiation at WHO clinical stage IV had a 2.48-fold higher risk of death than those at stage I (aHR, 2.48; 95% CI, 1.17-5.23). Conclusion: The first year following ART initiation is critical in HIV/AIDS treatment, emphasizing the need for intensified follow-up and monitoring to facilitate successful immune system reconstruction. Older age, male sex, injection drug use, baseline CD4+ T lymphocyte count <200 cells/µL, and WHO clinical stage IV are associated with an increased risk of death. Tailored treatment and management strategies should be implemented for patient populations at higher risk of mortality and with a poorer prognosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Análise de Sobrevida , Prognóstico , HIV
7.
Insights Imaging ; 15(1): 75, 2024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499900

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The temporal evolution of ventricular trabecular complexity and its correlation with major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) remain indeterminate in patients presenting with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: This retrospective analysis enrolled patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for acute STEMI, possessing cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data in the acute (within 7 days), subacute (1 month after pPCI), and chronic phases (6 months after pPCI) from January 2015 to January 2020 at the three participating sites. Fractal dimensions (FD) were measured for the global, infarct, and remote regions of left ventricular trabeculae during each phase. The potential association of FD with MACE was analyzed using multivariate Cox regression. RESULTS: Among the 200 analyzed patients (182 men; median age, 61 years; age range, 50-66 years), 37 (18.5%) encountered MACE during a median follow-up of 31.2 months. FD exhibited a gradual decrement (global FD at acute, subacute, and chronic phases: 1.253 ± 0.049, 1.239 ± 0.046, 1.230 ± 0.045, p < 0.0001), with a more pronounced decrease observed in patients subsequently experiencing MACE (p < 0.001). The global FD at the subacute phase correlated with MACE (hazard ratio 0.89 (0.82, 0.97), p = 0.01), and a global FD value below 1.26 was associated with a heightened risk. CONCLUSION: In patients post-STEMI, the global FD, serving as an indicator of left ventricular trabeculae complexity, independently demonstrated an association with subsequent major adverse cardiovascular events, beyond factors encompassing left ventricular ejection fraction, indexed left ventricular end-diastolic volume, infarct size, heart rate, NYHA class, and post-pPCI TIMI flow. CRITICAL RELEVANCE STATEMENT: In patients who have had an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, global fractal dimension, as a measure of left ventricular trabeculae complexity, provided independent association with subsequent major adverse cardiovascular event. KEY POINTS: • Global and regional FD decreased after STEMI, and more so in patients with subsequent MACE. • Lower global FD at the subacute phase and Δglobal FD from acute to subacute phase were associated with subsequent MACE besides clinical and CMR factors. • Global FD at the subacute phase independently correlated with MACE and global FD value below 1.26 was associated with higher risk.

8.
Neurology ; 102(8): e209204, 2024 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of silent brain infarction (SBI) and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) in adults with atrial fibrillation (AF), coronary artery disease, heart failure or cardiomyopathy, heart valve disease, and patent foramen ovale (PFO), with comparisons between those with and without recent stroke and an exploration of associations between heart disease and SBI/CSVD. METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for hospital-based or community-based studies reporting SBI/CSVD in people with heart disease. Data were extracted from eligible studies. Outcomes were SBI (primary) and individual CSVD subtypes. Summary prevalence (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) were obtained using random-effects meta-analysis. Pooled prevalence ratios (PRs) (95% CI) were calculated to compare those with heart disease with available control participants without heart disease from studies. RESULTS: A total of 221 observational studies were included. In those with AF, the prevalence was 36% (31%-41%) for SBI (70 studies, N = 13,589), 25% (19%-31%) for lacune (26 studies, N = 7,172), 62% (49%-74%) for white matter hyperintensity/hypoattenuation (WMH) (34 studies, N = 7,229), and 27% (24%-30%) for microbleed (44 studies, N = 13,654). Stratification by studies where participants with recent stroke were recruited identified no differences in the prevalence of SBI across subgroups (phomogeneity = 0.495). Results were comparable across participants with different heart diseases except for those with PFO, in whom there was a lower prevalence of SBI [21% (13%-30%), 11 studies, N = 1,053] and CSVD. Meta-regressions after pooling those with any heart disease identified associations of increased (study level) age and hypertensives with more SBIs and WMH (pregression <0.05). There was no evidence of a difference in the prevalence of microbleed between those with and without heart disease (PR [95% CI] 1.1 [0.7-1.7]), but a difference was seen in the prevalence of SBI and WMH (PR [95% CI] 2.3 [1.6-3.1] and 1.7 [1.1-2.6], respectively). DISCUSSION: People with heart disease have a high prevalence of SBI (and CSVD), which is similar in those with vs without recent stroke. More research is required to assess causal links and implications for management. TRIAL REGISTRATION INFORMATION: PROSPERO CRD42022378272 (crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO/).


Assuntos
Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais , Cardiopatias , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Adulto , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Infarto Encefálico/etiologia , Doenças de Pequenos Vasos Cerebrais/complicações , Cardiopatias/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações
9.
JACC Asia ; 4(3): 201-212, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38463683

RESUMO

Background: FAVOR III China (Comparison of Quantitative Flow Ratio Guided and Angiography Guided Percutaneous Intervention in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease) reported improved clinical outcomes in quantitative flow ratio (QFR) relative to angiography-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), but the clinical impact of QFR-guided PCI according to sex remains unknown. Objectives: The authors sought to compare sex differences in the 2-year clinical benefits of a QFR-guided PCI strategy and to evaluate the differences in outcomes between men and women undergoing contemporary PCI. Methods: This study involved a prespecified subgroup analysis of the FAVOR III China trial, in which women and men were randomized to a QFR-guided strategy or a standard angiography-guided strategy. Sex differences in clinical benefit of the QFR guidance were analyzed for major adverse cardiac events (MACE), a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven revascularization within 2 years. Results: A total of 1,126 women and 2,699 men were eligible and the occurrence of 2-year MACE was similar between women and men (10.3% vs 10.5%; P = 0.96). Compared with an angiography-guided strategy, a QFR-guided strategy resulted in a 7.9% and 9.7% reduction in PCI rates in men and women, respectively. A QFR-guided strategy resulted in similar relative risk reductions for 2-year MACE in women (8.0% vs 12.7%; HR: 0.62; 95% CI: 0.42-0.90) and men (8.7% vs 12.4%; HR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.54-0.87) (Pinteraction = 0.61). Furthermore, QFR values were not significantly different between men and women with various angiographic stenosis categories. Conclusions: A QFR-guided PCI strategy resulted in improved MACE in both men and women at 2 years compared with an angiography-guided PCI strategy. The FAVOR III China Study [FAVOR III China]; (NCT03656848).

10.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363170

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of left ventricular segmental strain (SS) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains unclear. HYPOTHESIS: To assess the prognostic value and application of SS. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective analysis of a prospective registry. POPULATION: Five hundred and forty-four patients after STEMI (500 in Cohort 1, 44 in Cohort 2). FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3 T, balanced steady-state free precession, gradient echo, and gradient echo contrast-enhanced images. ASSESSMENT: Participants underwent cardiac MR during the acute phase after STEMI. Infarct-related artery (IRA) strain was determined based on SS obtained from cine images. The primary endpoint was the composite of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) after 8 years of follow-up. In Cohort 2, SS stability was assessed by MR twice within 8 days. Contrast and non-contrast risk models based on SS were established, leading to the development of an algorithm. STATISTICAL TEST: Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, Cox and logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier analysis, net reclassification index (NRI). P < 0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 5.2 years, 83 patients from Cohort 1 experienced a MACE. Among SS, IRA peak circumferential strain (IRA-CS) was an independent factor for MACEs (adjusted hazard ratio 1.099), providing incremental prognostic value (NRI 0.180, P = 0.10). Patients with worse IRA-CS (>-8.64%) demonstrated a heightened susceptibility to MACE. Additionally, IRA-CS was significantly associated with microvascular obstruction (MVO) (adjusted odds ratio 1.084) and infarct size (r = 0.395). IRA-CS showed comparable prognostic effectiveness to global peak circumferential strain (NRI 0.100, P = 0.39), also counterbalancing contrast and non-contrast risk models (NRI 0.205, P = 0.05). In Cohort 2, IRA-CS demonstrated stability between two time points (P = 0.10). Based on risk models incorporating IRA-CS, algorithm "HJKL" was preliminarily proposed for stratification. DATA CONCLUSIONS: IRA-CS is an important prognostic factor, and an algorithm based on it is proposed for stratification. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 TECHNICAL EFFICACY: Stage 2.

12.
Pharmaceuticals (Basel) ; 17(2)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38399411

RESUMO

Thrombin is an important ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) mediator in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study examines the use of bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor, in reducing IRI in STEMI patients. STEMI patients (n = 21) were treated with bivalirudin and compared to 21 patients treated with unfractionated heparin (UFH) from the EARLY Assessment of Myocardial Tissue Characteristics by CMR in STEMI (EARLY-MYO-CMR) registry (NCT03768453). Infarct size (IS) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were comparable between the two groups at follow up. During the first cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) scan within the first week after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), all patients in both the bivalirudin and UFH groups exhibited myocardial edema. However, the myocardium edema volume was significantly less in the bivalirudin group (p < 0.05). At the one-month follow-up, a smaller proportion of patients in the bivalirudin group than in the UFH group exhibited myocardial edema (4.7% vs. 33.3%, p < 0.05). At the three-month follow-up, myocardial edema had completely resolved in the bivalirudin group, while it persisted in two patients in the UFH group. The incidence and volume of microvascular obstruction (MVO) were significantly lower in the bivalirudin group during the acute phase. Additionally, the incidence of intramyocardial hemorrhage (IMH) was significantly lower in the bivalirudin group during both the acute and follow up (p < 0.05). These findings were corroborated by T2 and T1 mapping results. The study concluded that the use of bivalirudin for anticoagulation is associated with attenuated IRI in STEMI patients who receive primary PCI.

14.
J Control Release ; 366: 668-683, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219912

RESUMO

Bacteria inhabit all over the human body, especially the skin, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, urogenital tract, as well as specific lesion sites, such as wound and tumor. By leveraging their distinctive attributes including rapid proliferation, inherent abilities to colonize various biointerfaces in vivo and produce diverse biomolecules, and the flexibility to be functionalized via genetic engineering or surface modification, bacteria have been widely developed as living therapeutic agents, showing promising potential to make a great impact on the exploration of advanced drug delivery systems. In this review, we present an overview of bacteria-based drug delivery and its applications in treating non-oncological diseases. We systematically summarize the physiological positions where living bacterial therapeutic agents can be delivered to, including the skin, gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, and female genital tract. We discuss the success of using bacteria-based drug delivery systems in the treatment of diseases that occur in specific locations, such as skin wound healing/infection, inflammatory bowel disease, respiratory diseases, and vaginitis. We also discuss the advantages as well as the limitations of these living therapeutics and bacteria-based drug delivery, highlighting the key points that need to be considered for further translation. This review article may provide unique insights for designing next-generation bacteria-based therapeutics and developing advanced drug delivery systems.


Assuntos
Bactérias , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Pele , Cicatrização
15.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 17(2): e013455, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38258563

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is uncertain whether adjunctive thrombolysis is beneficial for patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 120 minutes of presentation. This study was to determine whether in patients presenting with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction a single bolus recombinant staphylokinase (r-SAK) before timely PCI leads to improved patency of the infarct-related artery and reduces the infarct size. METHODS: This is an open-label, prospective, multicenter, randomized study. We enrolled patients aged 18 to 75 years who were within 12 hours of symptom onset of ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction and expected to undergo PCI within 120 minutes. Patients were administered loading doses of aspirin and ticagrelor and intravenous heparin and were randomized to receive 5 mg bolus of r-SAK or normal saline intravenously before PCI. The primary end point was Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 2 to 3 or grade 3 in the infarct-related artery 60 minutes after thrombolysis. The infarct size was detected by cardiac magnetic resonance 5 days after randomization. The safety end point was major bleeding (Bleeding Academic Research Consortium ≥3) during 30-day follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 283 patients were screened from 8 centers and 200 were randomized (median age, 58.5 years; 14% female). The median symptom to thrombolysis time was 252.5 (interquartile range, 142.8-423.8) minutes and thrombolysis to coronary arteriography was 50.0 (interquartile range, 37.0-66.0) minutes. Patients randomized to r-SAK compared with normal saline more often had Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 2 to 3 (69.0% versus 29.0%; P<0.001) and Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction flow grade 3 (51.0% versus 18.0%; P<0.001) and had smaller infarct size (21.91±10.84% versus 26.85±12.37%; P=0.016). There was no increase in major bleeding (r-SAK, 1.0% versus control, 3.0%; P=0.616). CONCLUSIONS: A single bolus r-SAK before primary PCI for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction improves infarct-related artery patency and reduces infarct size without increasing major bleeding. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT05023681.


Assuntos
Metaloendopeptidases , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Solução Salina/uso terapêutico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Idoso
16.
Hypertension ; 81(1): 114-125, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37955149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic kidney disease is the most common hereditary kidney disorder with early and frequent hypertension symptoms. The mechanisms of cyst progression in polycystic kidney disease remain incompletely understood. METHODS: Bsg (basigin) heterozygous and homozygous knockout mice were generated using cas9 system, and Bsg overexpression was achieved by adeno-associated virus serotype 9 injection. Renal morphology was investigated through histological and imaging analysis. Molecular analysis was performed through transcriptomic profiling and biochemical approaches. RESULTS: Bsg-deficient mice exhibited significantly elevated arterial blood pressure. Further investigation demonstrated that Bsg deficiency triggers spontaneous cystic formation in mouse kidneys, which shares similar cyst pathological features and common transcriptional regulatory pathways with human polycystic kidney disease. Moreover, Bsg disruption promoted polycystin-1 ubiquitination and degradation, leading to activation of polycystic kidney disease associated cAMP and AMPK signaling pathways in Bsg knockout mouse kidneys. Finally, adeno-associated virus serotype 9 mediated Bsg reexpression reversed cystic progression in Bsg knockout mice in vivo, and Bsg overexpression inhibited the expansion of Madin-Darby canine kidney cysts in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that Bsg deficiency leads to an early-onset spontaneous polycystic kidney phenotype, suggesting that dysregulated Bsg signaling may be a contributing factor in cystogenesis.


Assuntos
Cistos , Doenças Renais Policísticas , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Camundongos , Basigina/genética , Basigina/metabolismo , Cistos/metabolismo , Cistos/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Doenças Renais Policísticas/genética , Doenças Renais Policísticas/metabolismo
17.
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv ; 103(1): 230-233, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37668044

RESUMO

Absence of periprocedural visualization of three-dimensional (3D) left heart anatomy and its surrounding structures in fluoroscopy may reduce the rate of successful transcatheter mitral valve repair. We proposed a multimodal imaging strategy based on 3D computed tomography (CT) angiography and 3D cone beam CT fusion images, which enabled real-time visual inspection of 3D cardiac structures on fluoroscopy, to optimize transcatheter mitral intervention. This new image fusion technology, together with standard transesophageal echocardiography guidance, improved the efficiency and safety of the procedure, and could be considered as a new workflow for transcatheter mitral valve intervention.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Angiografia , Fluoroscopia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos
18.
Small ; 20(1): e2304847, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37658511

RESUMO

The "shuttle effect" and slow redox reactions of Li-S batteries limit their practical application. To solve these problems, a judicious catalyst design for improved battery cycle life and rate performance is essential. Herein, this issue is addressed by modifying the Li-S battery separator using a 2D Fe2 O3 -CoP heterostructure that combines the dual functions of polar Fe2 O3 and high-conductivity CoP. The synthesized ultrathin nanostructure exposes well-dispersed active sites and shortens the ion diffusion paths. Theoretical calculations, electrochemical tests, and in situ Raman spectroscopy measurements reveal that the heterostructure facilitates the inhibition of polysulfide shuttling and enhances the electrode kinetics. A sulfur cathode constructed using the Fe2 O3 -CoP-based separator provides an astonishing capacity of 1346 mAh g-1 at 0.2 C and a high capacity retention of ≈84.5%. Even at a high sulfur loading of 5.42 mg cm-2 , it shows an area capacity of 5.90 mAh cm-2 . This study provides useful insights into the design of new catalytic materials for Li-S batteries.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 60(2): 180-183, 2023 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38038240

RESUMO

Herein, an oxygen-defect-rich core-shell Fe2O3-x@C polyhedral sulfur host was prepared, which effectively promoted electrochemical conversion and further inhibited the "shuttle effect" in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Fe2O3-x@C@S provided a high initial capacity of 1395 mA h g-1 and a low attenuation of ∼0.067% per cycle.

20.
BMJ Open ; 13(12): e074349, 2023 12 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38072492

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) guided by coronary angiography-derived fractional flow reserve (FFR) or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has shown improved clinical outcomes compared with angiography-only-guided PCI. In patients with intermediate stenoses, FFR resulted in fewer coronary interventions and was non-inferior to IVUS with respect to clinical outcomes. However, whether this finding can be applied to angiography-derived FFR in significant coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unclear. METHOD AND ANALYSIS: The comparison of angiography-derived FFR-guided and IVUS-guided intervention strategies for clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (FLAVOUR II) trial is a multicentre, prospective, randomised controlled trial. A total of 1872 patients with angiographically significant CAD (stenoses of at least 50% as estimated visually through angiography) in a major epicardial coronary artery will be randomised 1:1 to receive either angiography-derived FFR-guided or IVUS-guided PCI. Patients will be treated with second-generation drug-eluting stent according to the predefined criteria for revascularisation: angiography-derived FFR≤0.8 and minimal lumen area (MLA)≤3 mm2 or 3 mm270%. The primary endpoint is a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction and revascularisation at 12 months after randomisation. We will test the non-inferiority of the angiography-derived FFR-guided strategy compared with the IVUS-guided decision for PCI and the stent optimisation strategy.The FLAVOUR II trial will provide new insights into optimal evaluation and treatment strategies for patients with CAD. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: FLAVOUR II was approved by the institutional review board at each participating site (The Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine Approval No: 2020LSYD410) and will be conducted in line with the Declaration of Helsinki. Informed consent would be obtained from each patient before their participation. The study results will be submitted to a scientific journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04397211.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos , Constrição Patológica , Angiografia Coronária , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
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