Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 928
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 238, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34997208

RESUMO

A tiny and compact implantable antenna for wireless cardiac pacemaker systems is designed. The antenna works in the Industrial Scientific Medical (ISM) frequency band (2.4-2.48 GHz). The size of the antenna is greatly reduced with the adoption of a high dielectric constant medium and a folded meander structure. The volume of the antenna is 4.5 mm3, and the size is only 3 mm × 3 mm × 0.5 mm. Based on the literature research, it was found that the design was the smallest among the same type of implanted antenna. The antenna is optimized and loaded with a defective slotted structure, which improves the efficiency of the overall performance of the antenna and thus the gain thereof. The antenna maintains good impedance matching in the ISM frequency band, covering the entire ISM frequency band. The actual bandwidth of the antenna is 22%, with the peak gain of - 24.9 dBi. The antenna is processed and manufactured in such a manner that the simulation keeps consistent with the actual measurement. In addition, the specific absorption rate of the antenna is also evaluated and analyzed. The result shows that this kind of antenna is the best choice to realize the wireless biological telemetry communication in the extremely compact space of the wireless cardiac pacemaker system.

2.
J Mol Graph Model ; 110: 108058, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736054

RESUMO

Stabilizing human telomere DNA G-quadruplex (G4) proves a promising anti-cancer strategy. Though plenty of G4 stabilizing molecules have been reported, little is known about their selective binding mechanism among various G4s. Recently, a designed monohydrazone derivative (compound 15) was reported to display specific preference in binding and stabilizing parallel human telomeric G4. To reveal the selective binding mechanism, a comparative theoretical investigation was performed on two monohydrazone derivatives (compounds 1 and 15) and three telomeric G4s showing parallel, hybrid-I, and hybrid-II conformations. Two probable binding modes, i.e. the end-stacking binding and the groove binding, were predicted by molecular dockings for each monohydrazone in its binding with the telomeric G4s. Further long-timescale molecular dynamics simulations reveal the conversion from the groove binding to the end-stacking binding for both compounds, indicating the preference of the end-stacking binding mode. Structural analysis together with binding free energy calculations show that the van der Waals interaction plays a leading role in ranking the binding affinity. By forming extensive van der Waals interactions, the parallel G4-15 binding complex shows the highest binding affinity, and the corresponding compound 15 exhibits the strongest stabilizing effect to the telomeric G4. These findings agree well with the experimental observations. Through characterizing the selective binding between monohydrazones and telomeric G4s at the atomic level, the current study provides support to the design of novel selective stabilizers targeting telomeric G4s.


Assuntos
Quadruplex G , DNA , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Telômero
3.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 54: 116581, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968813

RESUMO

In order to study the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of C21-steroidal glycosides toward human cancer cell lines and explore more potential anticancer agents, a series of 3ß-O-neoglycosides of caudatin and its analogues were synthesized. The results revealed that most of peracetylated 3ß-O-monoglycosides demonstrated moderate to significant antiproliferative activities against four human cancer cell lines (MCF-7, HCT-116, HeLa, and HepG2). Among them, 3ß-O-(2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-ß-L-glucopyranosyl)-caudatin (2k) exhibited the highest antiproliferative activity aganist HepG2 cells with an IC50 value of 3.11 µM. Mechanical studies showed that compound 2k induced both apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at S phase in a dose dependent manner. Overall, these present findings suggested that glycosylation is a promising scaffold to improve anticancer activity for naturally occurring C21-steroidal aglycones, and compound 2k represents a potential anticancer agent deserved further investigation.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 145: 112384, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34915672

RESUMO

Aquaporin-4 (AQP-4) is an aquaporin composed of six helical transmembrane domains and two highly conserved ASN-pro-ALA (NPA) motifs. It is strongly expressed in rodent and human spinal cord tissues and plays a key role in the pathological process after SCI. After SCI, edema, glial scarring, and inflammation can accelerate the progression of injury and lead to deterioration of function. Many studies have reported that AQP-4 plays an important role in SCI. In particular, it plays an important role in secondary pathological processes (spinal cord edema, glial scar formation, and inflammatory response) after SCI. Loss of AQP-4 has been associated with reduced spinal edema and improved prognosis after SCI in mice. In addition, downregulation of AQP-4 reduces glial scar formation and the inflammatory response after SCI. There is a consensus from numerous studies that AQP-4 may be a potential target for SCI therapy, which guides the ongoing investigation for molecular therapy of SCI. Here, we review the structure of AQP-4, its expression in normal and damaged spinal cord, and its role in SCI, as well as discuss the theoretical basis for the treatment of SCI.

6.
J Environ Manage ; 304: 114318, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933262

RESUMO

Ecosystem service flow dynamics which establish the linkage between human and nature is essential in an ecosystem service assessment. This study constructed an ecosystem service flow model of freshwater flow then utilized it to assess the water-related ecosystem services in northeast China. We included the provision, consumption, and spatial flow of freshwater services in an index to assess the water security condition and quantified the services trans-boundary flow from the northeast forest belt (NFB) in northeast China. Our results showed that large areas (50.54%, 55.10% and 52.90%, respectively) of northeast China received upstream freshwater service in three years. The water security condition of northeast China deteriorated from 2005 to 2015 with the change of water security index considering water flow (WSIflow), mainly influenced by precipitation and agriculture water consumption. Approximately 4.16 billion m3 of freshwater service were delivered from NFB to surrounding regions demonstrating the importance of NFB in terms of ecosystem service provision. In addition, 73 key watersheds (4.71% of total area) within NFB that significantly affect the trans-boundary flow were further identified. We suggested that local government should advocate develop water-saving agriculture and livestock water quotas. Moreover, priorities should be given to protect the key watersheds within NFB in order to maintain the supply of freshwater service. This study provided a framework for exploring suitable strategies for managing water resources and laid a foundation for promoting the ecological compensation in the future.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , China , Água Doce , Humanos , Água , Abastecimento de Água
7.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 286: 114922, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34923087

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hepatocyte lipid accumulation is the main feature in the early stage of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Highland barley Monascus purpureus Went (HBMPW), a fermentation product of Hordeum vulgare Linn. var. nudum Hook. f. has traditionally been used as fermented foods in Tibet with the effect of reducing blood lipid in folk medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study investigated the protective effects and molecular mechanism of highland barley Monascus purpureus Went extract (HBMPWE) on NAFLD in syrian golden hamster fed with high-fat, high-fructose, high-cholesterol diet (HFFCD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: HFFCD-induced NAFLD golden hamster model was established and treated with HBMPWE. Liver index, biochemical index, and hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining were observed. Liver metabolomics and western blot analysis were employed. RESULTS: Our study found that HBMPWE ameliorated HFFCD induced dyslipidemia, weight gain and elevated the liver index. In addition, HBMPWE treatment significantly attenuated lipid accumulation in the liver and modulated lipid metabolism (sphingolipid, glycerophospholipid). Our data demonstrated that HBMPWE not only regulated the expression of proteins related to fatty acid synthesis and decomposition (SREBP-1/ACC/FAS/AceS1, PPARα/ACSL/CPT1/ACOX1), but also regulated the expression of proteins related to cholesterol synthesis and clearance (HMGCR, LDLR, CYP7A1). CONCLUSIONS: HBMPWE improved NAFLD through multiple pathways and multiple targets in body metabolism and could be used as a functional food to treat NAFLD and other lipid metabolic disorders.

8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(43): 7530-7545, 2021 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34887647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is a deadly inflammatory disease with complex pathogenesis and lack of effective therapeutic options. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification of circRNAs plays important roles in physiological and pathological processes. However, the roles of m6A circRNA in the pathological process of SAP remains unknown. AIM: To identify transcriptome-wide map of m6A circRNAs and to determine their biological significance and potential mechanisms in SAP. METHODS: The SAP in C57BL/6 mice was induced using 4% sodium taurocholate salt. The transcriptome-wide map of m6A circRNAs was identified by m6A-modified RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing. The biological significance of circRNAs with differentially expressed m6A peaks was evaluated through gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes analysis. The underlying mechanism of m6A circRNAs in SAP was analyzed by constructing of m6A circRNA-microRNA networks. The expression of demethylases was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot to deduce the possible mechanism of reversible m6A process in SAP. RESULTS: Fifty-seven circRNAs with differentially expressed m6A peaks were identified by m6A-modified RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing, of which 32 were upregulated and 25 downregulated. Functional analysis of these m6A circRNAs in SAP found some important pathways involved in the pathogenesis of SAP, such as regulation of autophagy and protein digestion. In m6A circRNA-miRNA networks, several important miRNAs participated in the occurrence and progression of SAP were found to bind to these m6A circRNAs, such as miR-24-3p, miR-26a, miR-92b, miR-216b, miR-324-5p and miR-762. Notably, the total m6A level of circRNAs was reduced, while the demethylase alkylation repair homolog 5 was upregulated in SAP. CONCLUSION: m6A modification of circRNAs may be involved in the pathogenesis of SAP. Our findings may provide novel insights to explore the possible pathogenetic mechanism of SAP and seek new potential therapeutic targets for SAP.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 754387, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34867366

RESUMO

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a common and severe complication of diabetes. There is a large need to identify the effective and safety strategies on diabetic cardiovascular disease (DCVD). 9-PAHSA is a novel endogenous fatty acid, and has been reported to reduce blood glucose levels and attenuate inflammation. We aim to evaluate the effects of 9-PAHSA on DCVD and investigate the possible mechanisms underlying it. Firstly, serum 9-PAHSA levels in human were detected by HPLC-MS/MS analysis. Then 9-PAHSA was synthesized and purified. The synthesized 9-PAHSA was gavaged to db/db mice with 50 mg/kg for 4 weeks. The carotid arterial plaque and cardiac structure was assessed by ultrasound. Cardiac autophagy was tested by western blot analysis, electron microscope and iTRAQ. The results showed that 9-PAHSA, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), was significantly lower than that in non-diabetic subjects. Administration of 9-PAHSA for 2 weeks reduced blood glucose levels. Ultrasound observed that continue administration of 9-PAHSA for 4 weeks ameliorated carotid vascular calcification, and attenuated myocardial hypertrophy and dysfunction in db/db mice. Electron microscopy showed continue 9-PAHSA treatment significantly increased autolysosomes, while dramatically decreased greases in the myocardial cells of the db/db mice. Moreover, iTRAQ analysis exhibited that continue 9-PAHSA treatment upregulated BAG3 and HSPB8. Furthermore, western blot analysis confirmed that 9-PAHSA down-regulated Akt/mTOR and activated PI3KIII/BECN1 complex in diabetic myocardium. Thus, 9-PAHSA benefits DCVD in diabetic mice by ameliorating carotid vascular calcification, promoting autophagic flux and reducing myocardial hypertrophy.

10.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34893682

RESUMO

PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1)/parkin pathway mediates mitophagy, which is a specialized form of autophagy. Evidence shows that PINK1 can exert protective effects against stress-induced neuronal cell death. In the present study we investigated the effects of PINK1 overexpression on tau hyperphosphorylation, mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress in a specific rat model of tau hyperphosphorylation. We showed that intracerebroventricular (ICV) microinjection of forskolin (FSK, 80 µmol) induced tau hyperphosphorylation in the rat brain and resulted in significant spatial working memory impairments in Y-maze test, accompanied by synaptic dysfunction (reduced expression of synaptic proteins synaptophysin and postsynaptic density protein 95), and neuronal loss in the hippocampus. Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated overexpression of PINK1 prevented ICV-FSK-induced cognition defect and pathological alterations in the hippocampus, whereas PINK1-knockout significantly exacerbated ICV-FSK-induced deteriorated effects. Furthermore, we revealed that AAV-PINK1-mediated overexpression of PINK1 alleviated ICV-FSK-induced tau hyperphosphorylation by restoring the activity of PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling. PINK1 overexpression reversed the abnormal changes in mitochondrial dynamics, defective mitophagy, and decreased ATP levels in the hippocampus. Moreover, PINK1 overexpression activated Nrf2 signaling, thereby increasing the expression of antioxidant proteins and reducing oxidative damage. These results suggest that PINK1 deficiency exacerbates FSK-induced tau pathology, synaptic damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and antioxidant system defects, which were reversed by PINK1 overexpression. Our data support a critical role of PINK1-mediated mitophagy in controlling mitochondrial quality, tau hyperphosphorylation, and oxidative stress in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34864613

RESUMO

Oscar Astronotus ocellatus is an important ornamental fish, including albino and wild varieties. Albino individuals attract aquarium hobbyists due to their unique body color, but studies on the species' albinism mechanism are currently scarce. Here, we investigated the morphological and transcriptomic profiles of the skin of albino and wild Oscar. The results showed that the albino type had fewer oval-shaped melanophores and immature melanosomes but that the wild type contained more stellate-shaped melanophores and mature melanosomes. Albino Oscar had a degenerative pigment layer without obvious melanin deposition and content, while the wild type contained more concentrated melanin within the pigment layer. A total of 272,392 unigenes were detected, 109 of which were identified as differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between albino and wild Oscar. Pathways of DEGs, including those involved in complement and coagulation cascades, novobiocin biosynthesis, Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, and tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis, were significantly enriched. DEGs, including upregulated Sfrp5 and Tat, and downregulated Wnt-10a, Ppp3c, Notch1 and Trim27 involved in the Wnt signaling pathway, Notch signaling pathway, tyrosine metabolism, MAPK signaling pathway and melanogenesis, might be associated with the albinism of Oscar. This study characterized the difference in melanophore morphology between wild and albino Oscar and identified some albinism-related candidate genes and signaling pathways, helping to understand the genetic mechanism of fish albinism.

12.
Front Genet ; 12: 773373, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34925457

RESUMO

Soft tissue sarcoma (STS) represents an uncommon and heterogenous group of malignancies, and poses substantial therapeutic challenges. Pyroptosis has been demonstrated to be related with tumor progression and prognosis. Nevertheless, no studies exist that delineated the role of pyroptosis-related genes (PRGs) in STS. In the present study, we comprehensively and systematically analyzed the gene expression profiles of PRGs in STS. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases were utilized to identify differentially expressed PRGs. In total, 34 PRGs were aberrantly expressed between STS and normal tissues. Several PRGs were validated with RT-qPCR. Consensus clustering analysis based on PRGs was conducted to divide STS patients into two clusters, and significant survival difference was observed between two distinct clusters (p = 0.019). Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between pyroptosis-related clusters. Based on the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) COX regression analysis, the pyroptosis-related gene signature with five key DEGs was constructed. The high pyroptosis-related risk score group of TCGA cohort was characterized by poorer prognosis (p < 0.001), with immune infiltration and function significantly decreased. For external validation, STS patients from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) were grouped according to the same cut-off point. The survival difference between two risk groups of GEO cohort was also significant (p < 0.001). With the combination of clinical characteristics, pyroptosis-related risk score was identified to serve as an independent prognostic factor for STS patients. In conclusion, this study provided a comprehensive overview of PRGs in STS and the potential role in prognosis, which could be an important direction for future studies.

13.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 15353702211063833, 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34904900

RESUMO

Hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDCP) is a systemic disease among pregnant women. Therefore, the prevention and prediction of hypertension during pregnancy are critical. This study aimed to clarify whether the vascular endothelial function of women with gestational hypertension was linked to placental growth factor. A total of 200 pregnant women were enrolled in our study and subsequently divided into two groups: the HDCP group and the normal pregnancy controls. The levels of serum placental growth factor, as well as plasma endothelin-1 and nitric oxide, between the two groups were measured. In addition, the endothelial function indexes, including pressure-strain elasticity coefficient (EP), the common carotid stiffness index (ß), arterial compliance, single-point pulsed-wave velocity, and augment index (AI) of bilateral common carotid arteries, were compared between the HDCP and control groups using the echo tracking technique. In our study, the level of placental growth factor in the HDCP group was significantly lower than the control group. Furthermore, our results clarified that endothelin-1 increased while nitric oxide decreased in the HDCP group compared with the control group. On the other hand, we found that EP, ß, pulsed-wave velocity and augment index values were significantly higher in the HDCP group than in the control group (P < 0.001). However, the value of arterial compliance was significantly decreased in patients of the HDCP group compared with the control group (P < 0.001). In conclusion, the association between serum placental growth factor and vascular endothelial function in HDCP could serve as a more accurate predictive factor of pregnant hypertension.

14.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(11): 3835-3844, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34898099

RESUMO

Carrying out the accounting of ecological system gross ecosystem product (GEP) is a necessary measure to promote the construction of ecological civilization system and an important measure for the integration of ecological benefits into the economic and social development evaluation system. Taking Fuzhou City as the object, we constructed an ecosystem value accounting system with the characteristics of "mountain, sea, and city" to calculate the GEP of Fuzhou City in 2015 and 2018, and compared them from the perspective of temporal and spatial changes. The results showed that the GEP of Fuzhou in 2015 and 2018 was 920.592 and 1047.242 billion yuan, respectively. The per capita GEP in 2015 and 2018 was 130200 and 143900 yuan, the supply service value of ecological products was 94.181 and 110.261 billion yuan, the value of ecological regulation was 636.42 and 598.851 billion yuan, and the service value of ecological culture was 189.991 and 338.13 billion yuan, respectively. Compared with that in 2015, the GEP of Fuzhou City in 2018 increased by 126.65 billion yuan, with an increase of 13.8%, which was mainly due to the increases in ecological product supply service and cultural service. The value of ecological regulation services decreased by 37.569 billion yuan, with a reduction of 5.9%, which was mainly due to the decreases in climate regulation, water flow regulation and water purification services. Fuzhou City took the lead in exploring the establishment of accounting system with the characteristics of "mountain, sea, and city", which could provide a "Fuzhou model" for the accounting work of other cities in Fujian Province and other regions in China, and promote the establishment of a long-term mechanism for realizing the value of ecological products.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Ecossistema , China , Cidades , Clima
15.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 744050, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34901059

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of low-dose everolimus maintenance therapy for tuberous sclerosis complex-related renal angiomyolipoma (TSC-RAML) patients that had previously undergone standard-dose treatment for a minimum of 6 months. Materials and Methods: In total, 24 patients with a definitive TSC diagnosis were enrolled from April 2018 - April 2019 at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University. All patients underwent low-dose everolimus maintenance therapy following standard-dose everolimus induction therapy for a minimum of 6 months. Patients additionally underwent TSC1/TSC2 genetic testing, And they were followed-up at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST, version 1.1) criteria were used to monitor patient RAML responses, while adverse events (AEs) were assessed as per the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, version 4.0). P < 0.05 was the significance level for all analyses, which were performed using SPSS 19.0. Results: TSC1/TSC2 gene mutations were present in all 24 patients, all of whom achieved a significant reduction in TSC-RAML volume within the initial 6-month induction therapy period, and exhibited volume stabilization during the low-dose maintenance therapy treatment period without any instances of TSC-RAML regrowth. Adverse events (AEs) were significantly less severe and less frequent over the course of maintenance therapy relative to standard therapy. Conclusions: Low-dose everolimus maintenance therapy represents an effective approach to achieving TSC-RAML control following a minimum of 6 months of full-dose induction therapy, and may be associated with decreases in everolimus-related AE frequency and severity.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(23): 6185-6195, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951245

RESUMO

The present study compared the appearance and chemical composition of fruits of Perilla frutescens var. arguta(PFA) and P. frutescens var. frutescens(PFF). VHX-6000 3 D depth of field synthesis technology was applied for the appearance observation. The metabolites were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by pre-column derivatization combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS). Finally, cluster analysis(CA), principal component analysis(PCA), and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were applied for exploring the differences in their chemical compositions. The results indicated that the size and color of PFA and PFF fruits were different. PFF fruits were significantly larger than PFA fruits. The surface color of PFA fruits was brown, while PFF fruits were in multiple colors, such as white, grayish-white, and brown. Amino acids, saccharides, organic acids, fatty acids, and phenolic acids were identified in PFA and PFF fruits. The results of CA, PCA, and OPLS-DA indicated significant differences in the content of components between PFA and PFF fruits. Three metabolites, including D-glucose, rosmarinic acid, and D-fructose, which were significantly higher in PFA fruits than in PFF fruits, were screened out as differential metabolites. Considering the regulation on the content of rosmarinic acid in Perillae Fructus in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition), the medicinal value of PFA fruits is higher than that of PFF. In conclusion, there are differences in appearance and chemical composition between PFA fruits and PFF fruits. These results are expected to provide fundamental data for specifying plant source and quality control of Perillae Fructus.


Assuntos
Perilla frutescens , Ácidos Graxos , Frutas , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais
17.
Org Lett ; 2021 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34965138

RESUMO

Two novel diterpenoids, one with a rearranged trans,trans-fused tricyclo[10.3.0.04,6]pentadecane framework (1) and the other with an unprecedented 15S configuration (2), were isolated from Euphorbia helioscopia. Their structures were elucidated by extensive analysis of HR-ESI-MS, NMR, quantum-chemical calculation, and X-ray crystallographic data. Biosynthetically, 1 has a unique "cyclopropane-shift-like" biogenesis involving an oxa-di-π-methane (ODPM) rearrangement, which inspired us to accomplish the biomimetic conversion of 3 to 1. Moreover, compound 1 displayed a potent immunosuppressive effect by inhibiting Kv1.3 voltage-gated channels.

18.
DNA Cell Biol ; 40(12): 1539-1553, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931872

RESUMO

SHI-related sequence (SRS) transcription factors, specific to plants, act as crucial regulators of plant organ growth and development. Here, we examined the Medicago sativa (alfalfa) SRS gene family (MsSRSs) to analyze the structure and function of MsSRSs using bioinformatics methods, and verify their abiotic stress responses through growth experiments. Twenty-seven MsSRS genes were identified from the genome-wide data of nontransgenic alfalfa. MsSRSs were distributed on 16 chromosomes and classified into seven different subfamilies by phylogenetic analysis. Forty-five cis-regulatory elements related to stress and phytohormone responsiveness, and tissue-specific expression occurred in the promoter sequences of MsSRSs. Ks values and Ka/Ks ratios of duplicate gene pairs showed that purifying selection affected most duplicate genes during their evolutionary history, while rapid recent positive selection strongly influenced MsSRS25 and MsSRS01. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR results showed that MsSRS genes could be induced by cold and salt stress. Within 12 h of salt stress exposure, the expression levels of seven and nine MsSRSs showed significant upregulation and downregulation, respectively. Within 12 h of cold stress exposure, the expression levels of the 3 and 13 selected MsSRSs showed significant upregulation and downregulation, respectively. Thus, this study provides novel comprehensive information on the MsSRS gene family, helpful for the study of SRS-mediated tolerance in alfalfa and the functional characteristics of SRS genes in other plants.


Assuntos
Genoma de Planta/genética , Medicago sativa/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
19.
J Food Sci ; 2021 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34967015

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to reveal the role of mitochondria in indicating a change in the freshness of the adductor muscle of Mizuhopecten yessoensis during cold storage and hardening. The adductor muscle hardens after 96 h of cold storage and reaches the maximum degree of hardening in 6 h. In this study, after hardening (102 h), the muscle fiber structure obviously broke and curled, and the sarcomere structure disappeared at 150 h. After hardening (102 h), the morphology of the mitochondria changed, including swelling, cristea breaking and membrane structure disappearance. The arginine phosphate content decreased gradually from the initial 4.618 to 1.306 µmol/g at 48 h, and there was no further obvious change. The ATP content decreased from 6.02 to 1.07 µmol/g in 120 h. The mitochondrial membrane potential (Δφ) was measured by a fluorescence method (JC-1). The changes in freshness could be divided into three classes according to the Δφ difference between the mitochondria in the adductor muscle after adding ADP and CCCP. Mitochondrial function was complete from 0 to 6 h; mitochondrial function began to decline at 6 to 48 h; and mitochondrial function completely disappeared after 48 h. The results showed that the mitochondrial membrane potential compared with other indicators could more sensitively reflect the changes in freshness during the cold storage hardening process of the adductor muscle. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: It is very important to interprete the post-mortem energy metabolism for controlling the muscle quality of Yesso scallop. The K value which was developed based on ATP-related compounds is widely used in evaluating the freshness of seafood. Mitochondria is the main sites of cellular energy metabolism and the changes of its structure and activity can sensitively reflect the quality changes in muscle cell. It is expected to develop a more sensitive freshness evaluation index.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34838856

RESUMO

Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Staphylococcus aureus biofilms have emerged as a serious threat to human health. Recently, the development of antibiotic replacement therapy has gained much attention due to the potential application of bacteriocin. The present study sought to evaluate the antibacterial effect of bacteriocin XJS01 against MDR S. aureus, a previously reported bacteriocin against S. aureus strain 2612:1606BL1486 (S. aureus_26, an MDR strain demonstrated here), and its potential application as an antibiofilm agent. The minimum bactericide concentration of XJS01 against MDR S. aureus_26 was 33.18 µg/mL. XJS01 exhibited excellent storage stability and resistance against acid and reduced the density of established MDR S. aureus_26 biofilm. The hemolytic and HEK293T cytotoxicity activities of XJS01 and the histological analyses in mice confirmed its safety. Moreover, XJS01 effectively disrupted the MDR S. aureus_26 biofilm established on the skin wound surface and reduced the biofilm-isolated bacteria, thereby decreasing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and the proliferation of alternatively activated macrophages. Compared to mupirocin, XJS01 exhibited an excellent therapeutic effect on mice skin wounds, confirming it to be a potential alternative to antibiotics.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...