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1.
Anal Chem ; 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717967

RESUMO

Water pollution originating from heavy metals has shown great impacts on the ecological environment and human health due to their extremely low biodegradability. Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI), as one harmful heavy metal with strong oxidation, high biological permeability, and high carcinogenicity, is becoming an increasingly serious threat to human health. Therefore, conveniently but accurately, monitoring the Cr(VI) level in water to maintain its normal level and ensuring the stability of the ecosystem and human health become very valuable. However, most of these heavy metal sensors reported are turn-off type single-emission sensors. In this work, a ratiometric fluorescence/colorimetry/smartphone triple-mode turn-on optical sensor for Cr(VI) was developed based on a multifunctional metal-organic framework platform. The detection limits for these three mutual verification modes were only 1.28, 4.89, and 68.4 nM, respectively. Additionally, the color changes of the detection system under sunlight can also be observed directly by the naked eye. The accuracy and practicability of this multimode sensor were further proved by the detection of Cr(VI) in actual water and seawater samples, and the recovery rate ranged from 97.308 to 104.041%.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(9): e18374, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722288

RESUMO

The majority of advanced breast cancers exhibit strong aggressiveness, heterogeneity, and drug resistance, and currently, the lack of effective treatment strategies is one of the main challenges that cancer research must face. Therefore, developing a feasible preclinical model to explore tailored treatments for refractory breast cancer is urgently needed. We established organoid biobanks from 17 patients with breast cancer and characterized them by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and next generation sequencing (NGS). In addition, we in the first combination of patient-derived organoids (PDOs) with mini-patient-derived xenografts (Mini-PDXs) for the rapid and precise screening of drug sensitivity. We confirmed that breast cancer organoids are a high-fidelity three-dimension (3D) model in vitro that recapitulates the original tumour's histological and genetic features. In addition, for a heavily pretreated patient with advanced drug-resistant breast cancer, we combined PDO and Mini-PDX models to identify potentially effective combinations of therapeutic agents for this patient who were alpelisib + fulvestrant. In the drug sensitivity experiment of organoids, we observed changes in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signalling axis and oestrogen receptor (ER) protein expression levels, which further verified the reliability of the screening results. Our study demonstrates that the PDO combined with mini-PDX model offers a rapid and precise drug screening platform that holds promise for personalized medicine, improving patient outcomes and addressing the urgent need for effective therapies in advanced breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Organoides , Medicina de Precisão , Humanos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Organoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Organoides/patologia , Organoides/metabolismo , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Animais , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Camundongos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 9969, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693220

RESUMO

This paper proposes a prediction method for the tension force of support ropes in flexible rockfall barriers. The method is based on two full-scale model tests with an impact energy of 3000 kJ, as well as 36 set numerical models featuring varying lengths and impact energies. From the results of full scale tests and numerical models, it is inferred that the tension force at the end of the support rope is significantly less than that at the point of impact, exhibiting an approximate Gaussian attenuation distribution with propagation distance. To account for the attenuation of tensile forces in support ropes, a tensile attenuation coefficient is defined. Through comparative analysis of data obtained from 36 models with varying impact energies and propagation distances, the average attenuation coefficient for the upper support rope is determined to be approximately 0.7, while the average coefficient for the lower support rope is around 0.8. Utilizing the least squares method, a prediction method for the tension force of support ropes in flexible rockfall barriers is established. This method takes into account both the propagation distance and impact energy, enabling accurate predictions of the tensile behavior of the ropes under different conditions. This prediction model provides valuable insights for engineers in the design and optimization of these flexible barriers for rockfall mitigation.

4.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 153, 2024 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sex differences in outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) remain controversial. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the sex differences in the prognosis of patients with aSAH. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of aSAH patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery of General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, from April 2020 to January 2022. The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) was used to evaluate outcomes at 3-month post-discharge. Baseline characteristics, in-hospital complications and outcomes were compared after 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: A total of 665 patients were included and the majority (63.8%) were female. Female patients were significantly older than male patients (59.3 ± 10.9 years vs. 55.1 ± 10.9 years, P < 0.001). After PSM, 141 male and 141 female patients were compared. Comparing postoperative complications and mRS scores, the incidence of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) and hydrocephalus and mRS ≥ 2 at 3-month were significantly higher in female patients than in male patients. After adjustment, the analysis of risk factors for unfavorable prognosis at 3-month showed that age, sex, smoking, high Hunt Hess grade, high mFisher score, DCI, and hydrocephalus were independent risk factors. CONCLUSION: Female patients with aSAH have a worse prognosis than male patients, and this difference may be because females are more vulnerable to DCI and hydrocephalus.


Assuntos
Pontuação de Propensão , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Caracteres Sexuais , Fatores Sexuais , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
5.
Sleep Health ; 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38772848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep is a natural and essential physiological need for individuals. Our study aimed to research the associations between accumulated social risks and sleep disorders. METHODS: In this study, we came up with a polysocial risk score (PsRS), which is a cumulative social risk index composed of 13 social determinants of health. This research includes 239,165 individuals with sleep disorders and social determinants of health data from the UK Biobank cohort. First, logistic regression models were performed to examine the associations of social determinants of health and sleep disorders, including chronotype, narcolepsy, insomnia, snoring, short and long sleep duration. Then, PsRS was calculated based on statistically significant social determinants of health for each sleep disorder. Third, a genome-wide gene-environment interaction study was conducted to explore the interactions between single-nucleotide polymorphisms and PsRS in relation to sleep disorders. RESULTS: Higher PsRS scores were associated with worse sleep status, with the adjusted odds ratio (OR) ranging from 1.10 (95% Confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-1.11) to 1.29 (95% CI: 1.27-1.30) for sleep disorders. Emotional stress (OR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.28-1.43) and not in paid employment (OR = 2.62, 95% CI: 2.51-2.74) were found to have significant contributions for sleep disorders. Moreover, multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms were discovered to have interactions with PsRS, such as FRAS1 (P = 2.57 × 10-14) and CACNA1A (P = 8.62 × 10-14) for narcolepsy, and ACKR3 (P = 1.24 × 10-8) for long sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that cumulative social risks was associated with sleep disorders, while the interactions between genetic susceptibility and disadvantaged social status are risk factors for the development of sleep disorders.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 934: 173193, 2024 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38744393

RESUMO

O3 pollution in China has become prominent in recent years, and it has become one of the most challenging issues in air pollution control. We used data on atmospheric pollutants and meteorology from 2019 to 2021 to build an interpretable random forest (RF) model, applying this model to predict O3 concentration in 2022 in five cities in the Southwest North China Plain. The model was also used to identify and explain the influence of various factors on O3 formation. The correlation coefficient R2 between the predicted O3 concentration and observed O3 concentration was 0.82, the MAE was 15.15 µg/m3, and the RMSE was 20.29 µg/m3, indicating that the model can effectively predict O3 concentration in the studying area. The results of correlation analysis, feature importance, and the driving factor analysis from SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) model indicated that temperature (T), NO2, and relative humidity (RH) are the top three features affecting O3 prediction, while the weights of wind speed and wind direction were relatively low. Thus, O3 in the southwestern North China Plain may mainly come from the formation of local photochemical activities. The dominant factors behind O3 also varied in different seasons. In spring and autumn, O3 pollution is more likely to occur under high NO2 concentration and high-temperature conditions, while in summer, it is more likely to occur under high-temperature and precipitation-free weather. In winter, NO2 is the dominant factor in O3 formation. Finally, the interpretable RF model is used to predict future O3 concentration based on features provided by Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) and Weather Research & Forecast (WRF) model, and the simulation performance of CMAQ on O3 concentration is enhanced to a certain extent, improving the prediction of future O3 pollution situations and guiding pollution control.

9.
Exp Ther Med ; 27(5): 220, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590561

RESUMO

Long-term hypertension can lead to hypertensive heart disease, which ultimately progresses to heart failure. As an angiotensin receptor blocker antihypertensive drug, allisartan can control blood pressure, and improve cardiac remodeling and cardiac dysfunction caused by hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of allisartan on the heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and the underlying mechanisms. SHRs were used as an animal model of hypertensive heart disease and were treated with allisartan orally at a dose of 25 mg/kg/day. The blood pressure levels of the rats were continuously monitored, their body and heart weights were measured, and their cardiac structure and function were evaluated using echocardiography. Wheat germ agglutinin staining and Masson trichrome staining were employed to assess the morphology of the myocardial tissue. In addition, transcriptome and proteome analyses were performed using the Solexa/Illumina sequencing platform and tandem mass tag technology, respectively. Immunofluorescence co-localization was conducted to analyze Nrf2 nuclear translocation, and TUNEL was performed to detect the levels of cell apoptosis. The protein expression levels of pro-collagen I, collagen III, phosphorylated (p)-AKT, AKT, p-PI3K and PI3K, and the mRNA expression levels of Col1a1 and Col3a1 were determined by western blotting and reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, respectively. Allisartan lowered blood pressure, attenuated cardiac remodeling and improved cardiac function in SHRs. In addition, allisartan alleviated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac fibrosis. Allisartan also significantly affected the 'pentose phosphate pathway', 'fatty acid elongation', 'valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation', 'glutathione metabolism', and 'amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism' pathways in the hearts of SHRs, and upregulated the expression levels of GSTM2. Furthermore, allisartan activated the PI3K-AKT-Nrf2 signaling pathway and inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that allisartan can effectively control blood pressure in SHRs, and improves cardiac remodeling and cardiac dysfunction. Allisartan may also upregulate the expression levels of GSTM2 in the hearts of SHRs and significantly affect glutathione metabolism, as determined by transcriptome and proteome analyses. The cardioprotective effect of allisartan may be mediated through activation of the PI3K-AKT-Nrf2 signaling pathway, upregulation of GSTM2 expression and reduction of cardiomyocyte apoptosis in SHRs.

10.
Methods ; 225: 100-105, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565390

RESUMO

The development of reliable probe technology for the detection of bisulfite (HSO3-) in situ in food and biological samples is contributing significantly to food quality and safety assurance as well as community health. In this work, a responsive probe, EHDI, is developed for ratiometric fluorescence detection of HSO3- in aqueous solution, meat samples, and living cells. The probe is designed based on the HSO3- triggered 1,4-addition of electron deficit C = C bond of EHDI. As a result of this specific 1,4-addition, the π-conjugation system was destructed, resulting in blue shifts of the emission from 687 to 440 nm and absorption from 577 to 355 nm. The probe has good water solubility, high sensitivity and selectivity, allowing it to be used for imaging of HSO3- internalization and production endogenously. The capability of probe EHDI for HSO3- was then validated by traditional HPLC technology, enabling accurately detect HSO3- in beef samples. The successful development of this probe thus offers a new tool for investigating HSO3- in situ in food and biological conditions.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes , Carne , Sulfitos , Sulfitos/análise , Sulfitos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Animais , Humanos , Carne/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Bovinos , Carne Vermelha/análise
11.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 167, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589400

RESUMO

The neurotoxic α-synuclein (α-syn) oligomers play an important role in the occurrence and development of Parkinson's disease (PD), but the factors affecting α-syn generation and neurotoxicity remain unclear. We here first found that thrombomodulin (TM) significantly decreased in the plasma of PD patients and brains of A53T α-syn mice, and the increased TM in primary neurons reduced α-syn generation by inhibiting transcription factor p-c-jun production through Erk1/2 signaling pathway. Moreover, TM decreased α-syn neurotoxicity by reducing the levels of oxidative stress and inhibiting PAR1-p53-Bax signaling pathway. In contrast, TM downregulation increased the expression and neurotoxicity of α-syn in primary neurons. When TM plasmids were specifically delivered to neurons in the brains of A53T α-syn mice by adeno-associated virus (AAV), TM significantly reduced α-syn expression and deposition, and ameliorated the neuronal apoptosis, oxidative stress, gliosis and motor deficits in the mouse models, whereas TM knockdown exacerbated these neuropathology and motor dysfunction. Our present findings demonstrate that TM plays a neuroprotective role in PD pathology and symptoms, and it could be a novel therapeutic target in efforts to combat PD. Schematic representation of signaling pathways of TM involved in the expression and neurotoxicity of α-syn. A TM decreased RAGE, and resulting in the lowered production of p-Erk1/2 and p-c-Jun, and finally reduce α-syn generation. α-syn oligomers which formed from monomers increase the expression of p-p38, p53, C-caspase9, C-caspase3 and Bax, decrease the level of Bcl-2, cause mitochondrial damage and lead to oxidative stress, thus inducing neuronal apoptosis. TM can reduce intracellular oxidative stress and inhibit p53-Bax signaling by activating APC and PAR-1. B The binding of α-syn oligomers to TLR4 may induce the expression of IL-1ß, which is subsequently secreted into the extracellular space. This secreted IL-1ß then binds to its receptor, prompting p65 to translocate from the cytoplasm into the nucleus. This translocation downregulates the expression of KLF2, ultimately leading to the suppression of TM expression. By Figdraw.

12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 49(4): 1007-1016, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621908

RESUMO

Chondrocytes are unique resident cells in the articular cartilage, and the pathological changes of them can lead to the occurrence of osteoarthritis(OA). Ligusticum cycloprolactam(LIGc) are derivatives of Z-ligustilide(LIG), a pharmacodynamic marker of Angelica sinensis, which has various biological functions such as anti-inflammation and inhibition of cell apoptosis. However, its protective effect on chondrocytes in the case of OA and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. This study conducted in vitro experiments to explore the molecular mechanism of LIGc in protecting chondrocytes from OA. The inflammation model of rat OA chondrocyte model was established by using interleukin-1ß(IL-1ß) to induce. LIGc alone and combined with glycyrrhizic acid(GA), a blocker of the high mobility group box-1 protein(HMGB1)/Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) signaling pathway, were used to intervene in the model, and the therapeutic effects were systematically evaluated. The viability of chondrocytes treated with different concentrations of LIGc was measured by the cell counting kit-8(CCK-8), and the optimal LIGc concentration was screened out. Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis detection kit was employed to examine the apoptosis of chondrocytes in each group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was employed to measure the expression of cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2), prostaglandin-2(PGE2), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) in the supernatant of chondrocytes in each group. Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), caspase-3, HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65. The mRNA levels of HMGB1, TLR4, NF-κB p65, and myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88) in chondrocytes were determined by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(RT-qPCR). The safe concentration range of LIGc on chondrocytes was determined by CCK-8, and then the optimal concentration of LIGc for exerting the effect was clarified. Under the intervention of IL-1ß, the rat chondrocyte model of OA was successfully established. The modeled chondrocytes showed increased apoptosis rate, promoted expression of COX-2, PGE2, and TNF-α, up-regulated protein levels of Bax, caspase-3, HMGB1, TLR4, and NF-κB p65 and mRNA levels of HMGB1, TLR4, NF-κB p65, and MyD88, and down-regulated protein level of Bcl-2. However, LIGc reversed the IL-1ß-induced changes of the above factors. Moreover, LIGc combined with GA showed more significant reversal effect than LIGc alone. These fin-dings indicate that LIGc extracted and derived from the traditional Chinese medicine A. sinensis can inhibit the inflammatory response of chondrocytes and reduce the apoptosis of chondrocytes, and this effect may be related to the HMGB1/TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway. The pharmacological effect of LIGc on protecting chondrocytes has potential value in delaying the progression of OA and improving the clinical symptoms of patients, and deserves further study.


Assuntos
Proteína HMGB1 , Ligusticum , Osteoartrite , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Condrócitos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/genética , Proteína HMGB1/metabolismo , Proteína HMGB1/farmacologia , Dinoprostona , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Inflamação/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite/genética , Apoptose , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
14.
Syst Rev ; 13(1): 113, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38671488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in widespread disruptions to primary healthcare delivery and shifts to virtual care. Reduced in-person paediatric primary care visit rates have been reported. However, the extent to which access to primary preventative care has been impacted remains unclear. The objective of this scoping review is to characterise the utilisation of preventative primary care and its association with child development for children ages 0-5 years old during the COVID-19 era. In addition, we will determine if specific groups of children are at greater risk for reduced access to care. METHODS: A systematic search will be conducted for studies published between March 11, 2020, and October 2023 in the following databases: MEDLINE (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Cochrane Library (CENTRAL and CDSR), Web of Science, and CINAHL (EBSCOhost). This scoping review will follow the methodological framework developed by Arksey and O'Malley and updated by the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI). Studies related to primary preventative care of children aged 0-5 years old conducted in English and in high-income countries will be screened. Studies published before March 11, 2020, in acute care and low-middle-income settings will be excluded. Results will be summarised for appointments attended, delayed, and missed. In addition, we will summarise findings on the impact of COVID-19 on child development. Findings will be reported according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines. DISCUSSION: Further investigation is required to better understand the relationship between attendance of preventative primary care for children and its effects on child development. The findings obtained from this review will offer essential context to guide policy-making and healthcare service planning for the period following the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Recém-Nascido , SARS-CoV-2 , Acessibilidade aos Serviços de Saúde , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Pandemias
15.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 14(4)2024 Apr 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38667193

RESUMO

RNA is an important information and functional molecule. It can respond to the regulation of life processes and is also a key molecule in gene expression and regulation. Therefore, RNA detection technology has been widely used in many fields, especially in disease diagnosis, medical research, genetic engineering and other fields. However, the current RT-qPCR for RNA detection is complex, costly and requires the support of professional technicians, resulting in it not having great potential for rapid application in the field. PCR-free techniques are the most attractive alternative. They are a low-cost, simple operation method and do not require the support of large instruments, providing a new concept for the development of new RNA detection methods. This article reviews current PCR-free methods, overviews reported RNA biosensors based on electrochemistry, SPR, microfluidics, nanomaterials and CRISPR, and discusses their challenges and future research prospects in RNA detection.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , RNA , RNA/análise , Humanos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Nanoestruturas , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície , Microfluídica
16.
Bioresour Technol ; 400: 130703, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38631654

RESUMO

Improving the humification of compost through a synergistic approach of biotic and abiotic methods is of great significance. This study employed a composite reagent, comprising Fenton-like agents and effective microorganisms (EM) to improve humification. This composite reagent increased humic-acid production by 37.44 %, reaching 39.82 g kg-1, surpassing the control group. The composite reagent synergistically promoted micromolecular fulvic acid and large humic acid production. Collaborative mechanism suggests that Fenton-like agents contributed to bulk residue decomposition and stimulated the evolution of microbial communities, whereas EMs promoted highly aromatic substance synthesis and adjusted the microbial community structure. Sequencing analysis indicates the Fenton-like agent initiated compost decomposition by Firmicutes, and EM reduced the abundance of Virgibacillus, Lentibacillus, and Alcanivorax. Applied as an organic fertilizer in Brassica chinensis L. plantations, the composite reagent considerably improved growth and photosynthetic pigment content. This composite reagent with biotic and abiotic components provides a learnable method for promoting humification.


Assuntos
Benzopiranos , Compostagem , Substâncias Húmicas , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ferro , Compostagem/métodos , Ferro/química , Ferro/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Brassica , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Bactérias , Fertilizantes
17.
Chemosphere ; 356: 141921, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588902

RESUMO

2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorodiphenyl (PCB 118), a highly representative PCB congener, has been frequently detected in various environments, garnering much attention across the scientific community. The degradation of highly chlorinated PCBs by aerobic microorganisms is challenging due to their hydrophobicity and persistence. Herein, the biodegradation and adaptation mechanisms of Methylorubrum sp. ZY-1 to PCB 118 were comprehensively investigated using an integrative approach that combined degradation performance, product identification, metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses. The results indicated that the highest degradation efficiency of 0.5 mg L-1 PCB 118 reached 75.66% after seven days of inoculation when the bacteria dosage was 1.0 g L-1 at pH 7.0. A total of eleven products were identified during the degradation process, including low chlorinated PCBs, hydroxylated PCBs, and ring-opening products, suggesting that strain ZY-1 degraded PCB 118 through dechlorination, hydroxylation, and ring-opening pathways. Metabolomic analysis demonstrated that the energy supply and redox metabolism of strain ZY-1 was disturbed with exposure to PCB 118. To counteract this environmental stress, strain ZY-1 adjusted both the fatty acid synthesis and purine metabolism. The analysis of transcriptomics disclosed that multiple intracellular and extracellular oxidoreductases (e.g., monooxygenase, alpha/beta hydrolase and cytochrome P450) participated in the degradation of PCB 118. Besides, active efflux of PCB 118 and its degradation intermediates mediated by multiple transporters (e.g., MFS transporter and ABC transporter ATP-binding protein) might enhance bacterial resistance against these substances. These discoveries provided the inaugural insights into the biotransformation of strain ZY-1 to PCB 118 stress, illustrating its potential in the remediation of contaminated environments.


Assuntos
Biodegradação Ambiental , Metabolômica , Bifenilos Policlorados , Bifenilos Policlorados/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
18.
Autism Dev Lang Impair ; 9: 23969415241245096, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38638395

RESUMO

Purpose: Parent involvement is crucial for tailored early intervention programs. The Hanen More Than Words (HMTW) program is a parent-implemented language intervention for autistic children. The current study examined the effectiveness of the HMTW program delivered online among Chinese families. Methods: Using a randomized controlled trial design, 22 Chinese families of autistic children in Hong Kong completed the trial. Baseline and post-intervention assessments were conducted to measure changes in parent-child interaction, parents' use of linguistic facilitation techniques (LFTs), and children's communication skills. Additionally, the influence of parental self-efficacy and parenting stress on treatment outcomes was explored. Results: The intervention group demonstrated significant improvements in parent-child attention synchrony. Although the treatment effect on children's spontaneous communication was not significant, the intervention group showed a larger effect size compared to the controls. The treatment outcomes were mainly influenced by the parents' initial levels of self-efficacy but not by parenting stress. Conclusion: These findings provide preliminary evidence of the effectiveness of the online-delivered HMTW program for Chinese parents of autistic children. Further research involving a larger sample and focusing on long-term effects is needed.

19.
Insects ; 15(3)2024 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38535374

RESUMO

The genus Stictochironomus (Diptera: Chironomidae) has an almost worldwide distribution, with more than 30 species. However, species delimitation and identification based on the markings on the wings and legs are controversial and uncertain. In this study, we focused on color patterns to review the adults of the genus from China, and two new species (S. trifuscipes sp. nov. and S. quadrimaculatus sp. nov.) are described and figured. DNA barcodes can accurately separate the two new species with specific color patterns. However, heterospecific individuals form a monophyletic cluster in the phylogeny tree. For example, S. maculipennis (Meigen) and S. pictulus (Meigen), which have a lower interspecific genetic divergence, form a single clade. Sequences with the same species name but with high intraspecific distance form more than one phylogenetic clade, such as S. sticticus (Fabricius) of three clades, S. pictulus of four clades, S. akizukii (Tokunaga) and S. juncaii Qi, Shi, and Wang of two clades, might have potential cryptic species diversity. Species delimitation analysis using ASAP, PTP, and GMYC clearly delineated them as separate species. Consequently, color patterns are a good diagnostic characteristic for species delimitation in Stictochironomus. The distance-based analysis shows that a threshold of 4.5-7.7% is appropriate for species delimitation in Stictochironomus. Additionally, an updated key including color pattern variation for male adults of known Stictochironomus species from China is provided.

20.
J Hazard Mater ; 470: 134149, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554512

RESUMO

Whether bisphenols, as plasticizers, can influence bacterial uptake of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in natural environment, as well as the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Our results showed that four commonly used bisphenols (bisphenol A, S, F, and AF) at their environmental relative concentrations can significantly promote transmission of ARGs by 2.97-3.56 times in Acinetobacter baylyi ADP1. Intriguingly, we observed ADP1 acquired resistance by integrating plasmids uptake and cellular metabolic adaptations other than through reactive oxygen species mediated pathway. Metabolic adaptations including upregulation of capsules polysaccharide biosynthesis and intracellularly metabolic enzymes, which enabled formation of thicker capsules for capturing free plasmids, and degradation of accumulated compounds. Simultaneously, genes encoding DNA uptake and translocation machinery were incorporated to enhance natural transformation of antibiotic resistance carrying plasmids. We further exposed aquatic fish to bisphenols for 120 days to monitor their long-term effects in aquatic environment, which showed that intestinal bacteria communities were dominated by a drug resistant microbiome. Our study provides new insight into the mechanism of enhanced natural transformation of ARGs by bisphenols, and highlights the investigations for unexpectedly-elevated antibiotic-resistant risks by structurally related environmental chemicals.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Fenóis , Sulfonas , Fenóis/toxicidade , Fenóis/metabolismo , Acinetobacter/efeitos dos fármacos , Acinetobacter/genética , Acinetobacter/metabolismo , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Compostos Benzidrílicos/metabolismo , Animais , Plasmídeos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo , Adaptação Fisiológica , Plastificantes/toxicidade , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/toxicidade
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