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Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(15): e202319758, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353649


Fluorinated small molecules are commonly used in functional small-molecule chemistry, and N-difluoromethyl (N-CF2H) compounds are particularly intriguing due to their unique and unexplored physiochemical properties. However, despite limited progress, a general methodological approach to the synthesis of N-CF2H compounds remains elusive. Here, guided by computation, we present a simple and practical protocol to access N-CF2H amides and related carbonyl derivatives. The protocol involves a one-pot conversion of thioformamides through desulfurization-fluorination and acylation, providing N-difluoromethylcarbamoyl fluoride building blocks that can be further diversified to a variety of unexplored N-CF2H carbonyl compounds with rich functionality. Additionally, preliminary studies on their properties and stability showcased their potential application in pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals.

Opt Express ; 29(23): 37695-37702, 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808836


GHz pulsed thulium-doped fiber laser with stabilized repetition rate can enable a wide range of applications. By employing regenerative mode-locking and cavity stabilization technique, we have for the first time demonstrated a 10 GHz polarization-maintaining thulium-doped fiber laser, which has a long-term repetition-rate stabilization and picosecond timing-jitter. In our experiment, a RF circuitry is designed to extract the 10 GHz longitudinal clock signal so that stable regenerative mode-locking is achieved. A piezo actuator-based phase-lock-loop is used to lock the regeneratively mode-locked pulses to a local reference synthesizer. The regeneratively mode-locked pulses with picosecond pulse width exhibit a high super-mode suppression ratio of 60 dB. In addition, the repetition rate of the laser shows good long-term stability with a variation of 8 Hz in 8 hours, corresponding to a cavity free spectral range fluctuation of less than 16 mHz. Meanwhile, the Allan deviation of the stabilized 10 GHz regeneratively mode-locked pulses is measured to be as low as 2 × 10-12 over 1000 s average time, which is only limited by the stability of the reference synthesizer. Such an ultra-stable 10 GHz pulsed thulium fiber laser may find potential application in 2 µm optical communication, material processing and spectroscopy.

Opt Express ; 27(3): 3518-3527, 2019 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30732370


Mode-locked oscillators with highly tunable output characteristics are desirable for a range of applications. Here, with a custom-made tunable filter, we demonstrate a carbon nanotube (CNT) mode-locked thulium fiber laser with widely tunable wavelength, spectral bandwidth, and pulse duration. The demonstrated laser's wavelength tuning range reached 300 nm (from 1733 nm to 2033 nm), which is the widest-ever that was reported for rare-earth ion doped fiber oscillators in the near-infrared. At each wavelength, the pulse duration can be regulated by changing the filter's bandwidth. For example, at ~1902 nm, the pulse duration can be adjusted from 0.9 ps to 6.4 ps (the corresponding output spectral bandwidth from 4.3 nm to 0.6 nm). Furthermore, we experimentally and numerically study the spectral evolution of the mode-locked laser in presence of a tunable filter, a topic that has not been thoroughly investigated for thulium-doped fiber lasers. The detailed dynamical change of the mode-locked spectra is presented and we observed gradual suppression of the Kelly sidebands as the filter's bandwidth is reduced. Further, using the polarization-maintaiing (PM) cavity ensures that the laser is stable and the output laser's polarization extinction ratio is measured to exceed 20 dB.

Opt Express ; 26(20): 25769-25777, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30469673


A high repetition-rate actively mode-locked thulium fiber laser is demonstrated where an electro-optic lithium niobate phase modulator is used to synchronize the longitudinal modes in the cavity. The repetition rate of the actively mode-locked laser is tunable from 14.6 MHz to 19 GHz, where the 19 GHz pulses exhibit a super-mode suppression ratio of 46 dB. Furthermore, the output pulse width could be manipulated through finely controlling the detuning frequency or repetition rate. We have also experimentally observed rational harmonic mode-locking in the laser and obtained 14 GHz and 21 GHz repetition rate pulses using a 7 GHz modulating signal. To the best of our knowledge, we have improved the repetition-rate of actively mode-locked thulium fiber laser by more than one order of magnitude. Such a high repetition source can be readily synchronized to a master clock, which makes it very suitable for high speed optical data processing, communication and remote sensing.