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1.
Psychiatry Res ; 334: 115807, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387165

RESUMO

Self-harm is frequent in youths. This study aimed to assess the risk of self-harm and mortality over a three-year period following self-harm hospitalization. Data were extracted from national databases in France. All patients aged 12 to 24 years and hospitalized for self-harm in 2013-2014 were included and compared to age- and sex-matched individuals with no self-harm hospitalization during this period. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used. Overall, 34,533 individuals were hospitalized for self-harm in 2013-2014 (70.8 % females, 79.6 % self-poisoning), with a peak among females aged 14-16. Comparison with 103,599 matched controls showed significantly higher rates of past self-harm, somatic and psychiatric disorders, and dispensed drugs in youth hospitalized for self-harm. During follow-up, they significantly more often repeated self-harm (20.9 vs. 0.1 %), died from any cause (0.6 vs 0.03 %) and from suicide (0.2 vs 0.01 %), particularly during the first year. The choice of a violent self-harm means at inclusion increased the risk of suicide during follow-up. Psychiatric disorders were a significant risk factor for all outcomes. In conclusion, at least one in five youths will self-harm, and one in two hundred will die in the three years following hospitalization for self-harm. Reinforced follow-up care is necessary in this population.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Suicídio , Feminino , Adolescente , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Masculino , Suicídio/psicologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Hospitalização , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
2.
Cancers (Basel) ; 16(4)2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38398124

RESUMO

In national hospital databases, certain prognostic factors cannot be taken into account. The main objective was to estimate the performance of two models based on two databases: the Epithor clinical database and the French hospital database. For each of the two databases, we randomly sampled a training dataset with 70% of the data and a validation dataset with 30%. The performance of the models was assessed with the Brier score, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUC ROC) curve and the calibration of the model. For Epithor and the hospital database, the training dataset included 10,516 patients (with resp. 227 (2.16%) and 283 (2.7%) deaths) and the validation dataset included 4507 patients (with resp. 93 (2%) and 119 (2.64%) deaths). A total of 15 predictors were selected in the models (including FEV1, body mass index, ASA score and TNM stage for Epithor). The Brier score values were similar in the models of the two databases. For validation data, the AUC ROC curve was 0.73 [0.68-0.78] for Epithor and 0.8 [0.76-0.84] for the hospital database. The slope of the calibration plot was less than 1 for the two databases. This work showed that the performance of a model developed from a national hospital database is nearly as good as a performance obtained with Epithor, but it lacks crucial clinical variables such as FEV1, ASA score, or TNM stage.

3.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e080183, 2024 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171627

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: While the factors commonly associated with an increased risk of child maltreatment (CM) were found to be increased during COVID-19, reports of actual maltreatment showed varying trends. Similarly, evidence regarding the impact of COVID-19 on CM within the European Cooperation on Science and Technology and Network Collaborative (COST) Action countries remains inconsistent. This scoping review aims to explore the extent and nature of evidence pertaining to CM within the countries affiliated with the Child Abuse and Neglect in Europe Action Network (Euro-CAN), funded by the COST. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Key electronic databases were searched to identify eligible papers, reports and other material published between January 2020 and April 2023: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Policy and Practice, Scopus and Web of Science. To cover the breadth of evidence, a systematic and broad search strategy was applied using a combination of keywords and controlled vocabulary for four concepts: children, maltreatment, COVID-19 and Euro-CAN countries, without restrictions on study design or language. Grey literature was searched in OpenGrey and Google Scholar. Two reviewers will independently screen full-text publications for eligibility and undertake data extraction, using a customised grid. The screening criteria and data charting will be piloted by the research team.The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) extension for scoping reviews will be followed to present the results. Results will be summarised in a tabular form and narratively. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This review will identify and summarise publicly available data, without requiring ethical approval. The findings will be disseminated to the Euro-CAN Network and reported to the COST Association. They will also be published in a peer-reviewed journal. This protocol is registered on Open Science Framework.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Criança , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Sistemas Computacionais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
4.
Hernia ; 28(2): 419-426, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37770815

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Incisional hernias are associated with a reduced quality of life. Mesh reinforcement of the abdominal wall is the current standard for incisional hernia repair (IHR), since it reduces the risk of recurrence. The best position for the mesh remains controversial, and each position has advantages and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE: In this nationwide population-based study, we aimed to determine whether IHR with intraperitoneal mesh is associated with an increased risk of bowel obstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using the French hospital database (PMSI), which collects data from all public and private hospitals, two patient cohorts were created and compared. Patients having undergone a laparoscopic IHR with intraperitoneal mesh (IPOM) in 2013 or 2014 due to a laparotomy performed in the 4 previous years were the IPOM group. Patients hospitalized for any other acute disease (i.e., without IHR) in 2013 and 2014, but having a similar laparotomy in the 4 previous years were the control group. Both cohorts were followed until 2019 in search of any episode of bowel obstruction. RESULTS: A total of 815 patients were included in the IPOM group and matched to 1630 control patients. The 5 year bowel obstruction rate was 7.36% in the IPOM group and 4.42% in the control group (p < 0.01). In the multivariate analysis, after adjustment on age and obesity, incisional hernia repair with laparoscopic IPOM increased the risk of bowel obstruction in the 5 years following surgery (HR = 1.712; 95% CI 1.208-2.427; p = 0.0025). CONCLUSIONS: Patients having undergone laparoscopic IPOM have an increased risk of bowel obstruction compared with patients who have a similar surgical history but no IHR.


Assuntos
Hérnia Ventral , Hérnia Incisional , Obstrução Intestinal , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Hérnia Incisional/epidemiologia , Hérnia Incisional/etiologia , Hérnia Incisional/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Hérnia Ventral/etiologia , Hérnia Ventral/cirurgia , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia
5.
BJOG ; 131(3): 300-308, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37550089

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect on major postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) of mode of conception, differentiating between naturally conceived pregnancies, fresh embryo in vitro fertilisation (fresh-IVF) and frozen embryo transfer (frozen-IVF). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The French Burgundy Perinatal Network database, including all deliveries from 2006 to 2020, was linked to the regional blood centre database. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: In all, 244 336 women were included, of whom 240 259 (98.3%) were singleton pregnancies. METHODS: The main analyses were conducted in singleton pregnancies, including 237 608 naturally conceived, 1773 fresh-IVF and 878 frozen-IVF pregnancies. Multivariate logistic regression models adjusted on maternal age, body mass index, smoking, parity, induction of labour, hypertensive disorders, diabetes, placenta praevia and/or accreta, history of caesarean section, mode of delivery, birthweight, birth place and year of delivery, were used. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Major PPH was defined as PPH requiring blood transfusion and/or emergency surgery and/or interventional radiology. RESULTS: The prevalence of major PPH was 0.74% (n = 1749) in naturally conceived pregnancies, 1.92% (n = 34) in fresh-IVF pregnancies, and 3.30% (n = 29) in frozen-IVF pregnancies. The risk of major PPH was higher in frozen-IVF pregnancies than in both naturally conceived pregnancies (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.63, 95% CI 1.68-4.10) and fresh-IVF pregnancies (aOR 2.78, 95% CI 1.44-5.35). CONCLUSIONS: We found that frozen-IVF pregnancies have a higher risk of major PPH and they should be subject to increased vigilance in the delivery room.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Transferência Embrionária/efeitos adversos , Fertilização in vitro/efeitos adversos
6.
Child Abuse Negl ; 146: 106482, 2023 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37776729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physical abuse often begins at a very young age and sometimes results in serious or fatal injuries. It is crucial to diagnose physical abuse as early as possible to protect this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVE: To study the factors associated with the first hospitalization for physical abuse from birth to the infant's first birthday in France. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: We included all singleton children born in a hospital setting in France between 2009 and 2013, who were identified from the French national information system database (SNDS). METHODS: To study factors associated with the first hospitalization for physical abuse during the first year after birth, we used the Fine and Gray regression model. Factors included in the multivariate model were the infant's sex, prematurity, neonatal conditions, the number of hospitalizations (at least two), medical consultations and complementary universal health insurance (proxy for family precariousness and socio-economic vulnerability). RESULTS: Over the 2009-2013 period, among 3,432,921 newborn singletons, 903 (0.026 %) were hospitalized for physical abuse in the year following birth. Among the factors associated with physical abuse, such as prematurity (aHR = 2.2[1.8-2.7]), male sex (aHR = 1.3[1.2-1.5]), or having had at least two hospitalizations (aHR = 1.7[1.4-2.1]), we found that complementary universal health insurance coverage was the factor most associated (aHR = 4.1[3.5-4.7]) with being hospitalized for physical abuse. CONCLUSION: These findings could help introduce preventative measures for infant protection in certain groups, such as parents of infants born prematurely, especially if they are in a precarious situation. This study also suggests that particular attention should be paid to infants who have been hospitalized at least two times in the first year of life, whatever the reason.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Abuso Físico , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Hospitalização , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Hospitais
7.
BMJ Open ; 13(9): e075463, 2023 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37699626

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the evolution of quality indicators (30-day mortality and failure-to-rescue) inpatients who underwent lung cancer surgery in France over the past 15 years and to study the potential influencing factors. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using data from the French hospital database (PMSI). SETTING: Nationwide population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent pulmonary resection for lung cancer in France (2005-2020) were included (N=1 57 566). Characteristics of patients (age, gender, comorbidities), surgery (surgical approach, type of resection, extent of resection) and hospital (type of hospital, hospital volume for pulmonary resections) were retrieved. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: We studied two outcome indicators: 30-day mortality and failure-to-rescue. We used regression-based techniques (including interrupted time-series) to assess the effects of patient and hospital characteristics on 30-day mortality and failure-to-rescue (number of deaths among patients with at least one major postoperative complication within the 30 days after surgery), adjusting for case mix. RESULTS: The 30-day mortality rate increased from 3.8% in 2005 to 4.9% in 2010 and then decreased to 2.9% in 2020. The failure-to-rescue rate decreased from 12.2% in 2005 to 7.1% in 2020. The pneumonectomy rate decreased significantly over time (18.1% in 2005 to 4.8% in 2020) and had the greatest contribution on the reduction of mortality between two periods (2005-2010/2015-2020). The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery or robot-assisted surgery had a great influence on the reduction of mortality (16% of the observed difference in mortality) between the two periods, as did hospital volume. CONCLUSIONS: The change in surgical practices, particularly the reduction in pneumonectomies, could be one of the main reasons for reduction in postoperative mortality and failure-to-rescue in France since 2011. Hospital volume is another important factor in reducing postoperative mortality. Our study should encourage the use of technological or organisational innovation, such as changes in surgical practice and cancer surgery authorisations, to improve quality of care.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia
8.
EClinicalMedicine ; 63: 102196, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37680941

RESUMO

Background: Acute appendicitis is the most common digestive disease requiring emergency surgery. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in France. An increased risk of colorectal cancer after acute appendicitis has been suggested. We aimed to assess the frequency of hospitalization for colon cancer after appendicitis in a nationwide analysis. Methods: Using the French Hospital Discharge Database (PMSI), we included all patients aged 18-59 years presenting with acute appendicitis between 2010 and 2015. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to compare colon cancer occurrence in these patients vs a control-matched population with a hospital stay for trauma in the same period. Patients presenting strong risk factors for colorectal cancer were excluded. Findings: A total of 230,349 patients with acute appendicitis (exposed group) were included. We used a propensity score to match each exposed patient with two unexposed patients (controls) to ensure the comparability of the groups, resulting in a control group of 460,698 patients. Univariate analysis found significantly more colon cancer in the appendicitis group, especially during the first year after appendicitis (5 per 10,000 vs 1 per 10,000, p < 0.000, this corresponds to 111 patients in the appendicitis group), namely within the first 6 months. Survival analysis confirmed patients treated for appendicitis present a 4 times higher risk of being diagnosed with colon cancer than control patients during the first year of follow-up (sHR = 4.67 (95% CI: 3.51-6.21), and 8 times higher during the first 6 months (sHR = 8.39; 95% CI: 5.41-12.99). The association was even more marked for right-sided colon cancer (sHR = 8.25; 95% CI: 5.03-13.54 during the 1st year). While the risk of diagnosis of colon cancer was also significant for patients over 40 years, it was even greater in patients under 40 years, who had between a 6-fold and 12-fold increase in risk. Interpretation: In this population-based study, we found that acute appendicitis seems to be a warning sign for colon cancer (reverse causality) in both middle-aged and younger adults. The risk of presenting with cancer colon was higher during the first six months after acute appendicitis. This raises the issue of routine diagnostic work-up in adults presenting with acute appendicitis. Funding: Regional Council of Burgundy.

9.
Cancers (Basel) ; 15(13)2023 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37444392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive approach (MIA) has gained popularity thanks to its efficacy and safety. Our work consisted of evaluating the diffusion of the MIA in hospitals and the variability of this approach (within and between regions). METHODS: All patients who underwent limited resection or lobectomy for lung cancer in France were included from the national hospital administrative database (2013-2020). We described between-hospital differences in the MIA rate over four periods (2013-2014, 2015-2016, 2017-2018, and 2019-2020). The potential influence of the hospital volume, hospital type, and period on the adjusted MIA rate was estimated by a multilevel linear regression. RESULTS: From 2013 to 2020, 77,965 patients underwent a lobectomy or limited resection for lung cancer. The rate of the MIA increased significantly over the four periods (50% in 2019-2020). Variability decreased over time in 7/12 regions. The variables included in the multilevel model were significantly related to the adjusted rate of the MIA. Variability between regions was considerable since 18% of the variance was due to systematic differences between regions. CONCLUSIONS: We confirm that the MIA is part of the surgical techniques used on a daily basis for the treatment of lung cancer. However, this technology is mostly used by surgeons in high volume institutions.

10.
Int J Eat Disord ; 56(8): 1534-1543, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37092760

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Eating disorders (ED) are associated with high rates of suicide attempts and premature mortality. However, data in large samples of adolescents and young adults are limited. This study aims to assess the risk of self-harm and premature mortality in young people hospitalized with an ED. METHODS: Individuals aged 12 to 25 years old hospitalized in 2013-2014 in France with anorexia nervosa and/or bulimia nervosa as a primary or associated diagnosis were identified from French national health records. They were compared to two control groups with no mental disorders, and with any other mental disorder than ED. The main outcomes were any hospitalization for deliberate self-harm and mortality in the 3 years following hospitalization. Logistic regression models were used. RESULTS: This study included 5, 452 patients hospitalized with an ED, 14,967 controls with no mental disorder, and 14,242 controls with a mental disorder other than an ED. During the three-year follow-up, 13.0% were hospitalized for deliberate self-harm (vs. 0.2 and 22.0%, respectively) and 0.8% died (vs. 0.03 and 0.4%). After adjustment, hospitalization with an ED was associated with more self-harm hospitalizations (hazard ratio [HR] = 46.0, 95% confidence interval [32.3-65.3]) and higher all-cause mortality (HR = 12.6 [4.3-37.3]) relative to youths without any mental disorder; less self-harm hospitalizations (HR = 0.5 [0.5-0.6]) but higher mortality (HR = 1.6 [1.0-2.4]) when compared to youths with any other mental disorder. CONCLUSION: Young patients hospitalized with an ED are at high risk of self-harm and premature mortality. It is urgent to evaluate and implement the best strategies for post-discharge care and follow-up. PUBLIC SIGNIFICANCE: We found that the risk of being hospitalized for a suicide attempt is 46 times higher and mortality 13 times higher than the general population in adolescents and young adults during the 3 years following hospitalization with an eating disorder. Eating disorders are also associated with a 1.5 higher risk of premature mortality relative to other mental disorders. This risk is particularly high in the 6 months following hospitalization. It is therefore crucial to implement careful post-discharge follow-up in patients hospitalized for eating disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Criança , Adulto , Assistência ao Convalescente , Mortalidade Prematura , Alta do Paciente , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Hospitalização , Tentativa de Suicídio , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
11.
Psychiatry Res ; 324: 115214, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37084571

RESUMO

While much work has shown a link between the global SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and poor mental health, little is known about a possible association between hospitalization with SARS-CoV-2 infection and subsequent hospitalization for self-harm. Analyses performed on the French national hospital database between March 2020-March 2021 in 10,084,551 inpatients showed that hospitalization with SARS-CoV-2 infection was not associated with hospitalization for self-harm in the following year. However, hospitalization with SARS-Cov-2 was related to an increased risk of self-harm in patients with a suicidal episode at the inclusion (aHR=1.56[1.14-2.15]), suggesting an effect of SARS-CoV-2 in patients with a recent history of self-harm.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Humanos , Adulto , SARS-CoV-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hospitalização , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
12.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 10: 1110977, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36999073

RESUMO

Introduction: The practice of thoracic surgery for lung cancer is subject to authorization in France. We evaluated the performance of hospitals using 30-day post-operative mortality as a quality indicator, estimating its distribution within each region and measuring its variability between regions. Material and methods: All data for patients who underwent pulmonary resection for lung cancer in France (2013-2020) were collected from the national hospital administrative database. Thirty-day mortality was defined as any patient who died in hospital (including transferred patients) within the first 30 days after the operation and those who died later during the initial hospitalization. The Standardized Mortality ratio (SMR) was the smoothed, adjusted, hospital-specific mortality rate divided by the expected mortality. To describe the variation in hospital mortality between hospitals in each region, we used different commonly used indicators of variation such as coefficients of variation (CV), interquartile interval or range (IQR), extreme ratio, and systematic component of variance (SCV). Results: In 2013-2020, 87,232 patients underwent lung resection for cancer in France. The number of deaths was 2,537, a rate of 2.91%. The median SMR of 199 hospitals was 0.99 with an IQR of 0.86 to 1.18 and a CV of 0.25. Among the regions that had the most hospitals performing lung resections for cancer, the extreme ratio was >2, which means that the maximum value is twice as high as the minimum value. The SCV between hospitals was >10 for two of these regions, which is considered indicative of very high variation. For the other regions (with few hospitals performing lung resections for cancer), the variation between hospitals was lower. Globally, the variability between regions concerning the SMR was moderate, 6% of the variance was due to differences across regions. On the contrary, the hospital volume was significantly related to the SMR (p = 0.003) with a negative linear trend, whatever the region. Conclusion: This work shows significant differences in the practices of the various hospitals within regions. However, overall, the variability in the 30-day mortality rate between regions was moderate. Our findings raises questions regarding the regionalization of major surgical procedures in France.

13.
Front Public Health ; 11: 1063806, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36969635

RESUMO

Background: Pay-for-performance (P4P) models are intended to promote quality of care in both hospitals and primary care settings. They are considered as a means of changing medical practices, particularly in primary care. Objectives: The first objective of this study was to assess how performance indicators changed over time, measured through "Remuneration on Public Health Objectives" (ROSP) scores, between 2017 and 2020 in a large French region (Grand Est region), and to compare this evolution in the rural vs. urban areas of the region. The second objective was to focus on the area with the least improvement in ROSP scores and to investigate whether the scores and the available sociodemographic characteristics of the area were associated. Methods: First, we measured the evolution over time of P4P indicators (i.e., ROSP scores) obtained from the regional health insurance system, for GP practices in the Grand Est region between 2017 and 2020. We then compared the scores between the Aube Department and the rest of the region (urban areas). To address the second objective, we focused on the area found to have the least improvement in indicators to investigate whether there was a relationship between ROSP score and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: More than 40,000 scores were collected. We observed an overall improvement in scores over the study period. The urban area (Grand Est region minus the Aube) scored better than the rural area (Aube) for chronic disease management [median 0.91 (0.84-0.95) vs. 0.90(0.79-0.94), p < 0.001] and prevention [median 0.36 (0.22-0.45) vs. 0.33 (0.17-0.43), p < 0.001], but not for efficiency, where the rural area (Aube) performed better [median 0.67(0.56-0.74) vs. 0.69 (0.57-0.75 in the rest of the Grand Est region, p = 0.004]. In the rural area, we found no significant association between ROSP scores and sociodemographic characteristics, except for extreme rurality in some sub-areas. Conclusions: At the regional level, the overall improvement in scores observed between 2017 and 2020 suggests that the implementation of ROSP indicators have improved the quality of care, particularly in urban areas. These results also suggest that efforts should be focused on rural areas, which already had the lowest scores at the start of the P4P program.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Reembolso de Incentivo , França , Hospitais , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
14.
Am J Obstet Gynecol ; 229(3): 296.e1-296.e22, 2023 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36935070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The increased maternal cardiocerebrovascular risk after a pregnancy complicated by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, is well documented in the literature. Recent evidence has suggested a shorter timeframe for the development of these postnatal outcomes, which could have major clinical implications. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the risk of and time to onset of maternal cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes after a pregnancy complicated by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 2,227,711 women, without preexisting chronic hypertension, who delivered during the period 2008 to 2010: 37,043 (1.66%) were diagnosed with preeclampsia, 34,220 (1.54%) were diagnosed with gestational hypertension, and 2,156,448 had normotensive pregnancies. Hospitalizations for chronic hypertension, heart failure, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral arterial disease were studied. A classical Cox regression was performed to estimate the average effect of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy over 10 years compared with normotensive pregnancy; moreover, an extended Cox regression was performed with a step function model to estimate the effect of the exposure variable in different time intervals: <1, 1 to 3, 3 to 5, and 5 to 10 years of follow-up. RESULTS: The risk of chronic hypertension after a pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia was 18 times higher in the first year (adjusted hazard ratio, 18.531; 95% confidence interval, 16.520-20.787) to only 5 times higher at 5 to 10 years after birth (adjusted hazard ratio, 4.921; 95% confidence interval, 4.640-5.218). The corresponding risks of women with gestational hypertension were 12 times higher (adjusted hazard ratio, 11.727; 95% confidence interval, 10.257-13.409]) and 6 times higher (adjusted hazard ratio, 5.854; 95% confidence interval, 5.550-6.176), respectively. For other cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes, there was also a significant effect with preeclampsia (heart failure: adjusted hazard ratio, 6.662 [95% confidence interval, 4.547-9.762]; coronary heart disease: adjusted hazard ratio, 3.083 [95% confidence interval, 1.626-5.844]; cerebrovascular disease: adjusted hazard ratio, 3.567 [95% confidence interval, 2.600-4.893]; peripheral arterial disease: adjusted hazard ratio, 4.802 [95% confidence interval, 2.072-11.132]) compared with gestational hypertension in the first year of follow-up. A dose-response effect was evident for the severity of preeclampsia with the averaged 10-year adjusted hazard ratios for developing chronic hypertension after early, preterm, and late preeclampsia being 10, 7, and 6 times higher, respectively. CONCLUSION: The risks of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes were the highest in the first year after a birth complicated by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. We found a significant relationship with both the severity of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and the gestational age of onset suggesting a possible dose-response relationship for the development of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. These findings call for an urgent focus on research into effective postnatal screening and cardiocerebrovascular risk prevention for women with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Doença Arterial Periférica , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Eclâmpsia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia
15.
Br J Surg ; 110(4): 441-448, 2023 03 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36724824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This nationwide retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate impact of hospital volume and influence of liver transplantation activity on postoperative mortality and failure to rescue after liver surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients who underwent liver resection between 2011 and 2019 using a nationwide database. A threshold of surgical activities from which in-hospital mortality declines was calculated. Hospitals were divided into high- and low-volume centres. Main outcomes were in-hospital mortality and failure to rescue. RESULTS: Among 39 286 patients included, the in-hospital mortality rate was 2.8 per cent. The activity volume threshold from which in-hospital mortality declined was 25 hepatectomies. High-volume centres (more than 25 resections per year) had more postoperative complications but a lower rate of in-hospital mortality (2.6 versus 3 per cent; P < 0.001) and failure to rescue (5 versus 6.3 per cent; P < 0.001), in particular related to specific complications (liver failure, biliary complications, vascular complications) (5.5 versus 7.6 per cent; P < 0.001). Liver transplantation activity did not have an impact on these outcomes. CONCLUSION: From more than 25 liver resections per year, rates of in-hospital mortality and failure to rescue declined. Management of specific postoperative complications appeared to be better in high-volume centres.


Assuntos
Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Hospitais com Baixo Volume de Atendimentos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fígado , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Morbidade
16.
BJOG ; 130(9): 1016-1027, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36808811

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk of non-lethal self-harm and mortality related to adolescent pregnancy. DESIGN: Nationwide population-based retrospective cohort. SETTING: Data were extracted from the French national health data system. POPULATION: We included all adolescents aged 12-18 years with an International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision (ICD-10) code for pregnancy in 2013-2014. METHODS: Pregnant adolescents were compared with age-matched non-pregnant adolescents and with first-time pregnant women aged 19-25 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Any hospitalisation for non-lethal self-harm and mortality during a 3-year follow-up period. Adjustment variables were age, a history of hospitalisation for physical diseases, psychiatric disorders, self-harm and reimbursed psychotropic drugs. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used. RESULTS: In 2013-2014, 35 449 adolescent pregnancies were recorded in France. After adjustment, pregnant adolescents had an increased risk of subsequent hospitalisation for non-lethal self-harm in comparison with both non-pregnant adolescents (n = 70 898) (1.3% vs 0.2%, HR 3.06, 95% CI 2.57-3.66) and pregnant young women (n = 233 406) (0.5%, HR 2.41, 95% CI 2.14-2.71). Rates of hospitalisation for non-lethal self-harm were lower during pregnancy and higher between 12 and 8 months pre-delivery, 3-7 months postpartum and in the month following abortion. Mortality was significantly higher in pregnant adolescents (0.7‰) versus pregnant young women (0.4‰, HR 1.74, 95% CI 1.12-2.72), but not versus non-pregnant adolescents (0.4‰, HR 1.61, 95% CI 0.92-2.83). CONCLUSIONS: Adolescent pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of hospitalisation for non-lethal self-harm and premature death. Careful psychological evaluation and support should be systematically implemented for adolescents who are pregnant.


Assuntos
Gravidez na Adolescência , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Suicídio , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Suicídio/psicologia , Mortalidade Prematura , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Hospitalização , Fatores de Risco
17.
Diabetes Metab ; 49(3): 101425, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669680

RESUMO

AIM: The association between infection with SARS-CoV-2 and the development of new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the hospitalization rates for new-onset T1DM and diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis, in metropolitan France. METHODS: This nationwide retrospective cohort study included hospital data on all patients aged 1 to 35 years old, hospitalized in France due to onset of T1DM, in 2020 and 2021 compared to 2019. RESULTS: Apart from a decrease during the lockdown in 2020, the number of hospitalizations due to new-onset T1DM was not significantly different in 2020 and 2021 than it was in 2019. In the regions most affected by Covid-19 and covering 7,995,449 inhabitants aged from 1 to 35 years old, standardized hospitalization rates were not significantly different in 2020 and in 2021 compared with 2019. The number of hospitalizations for diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis was not significantly different after week 14 in 2020 and in 2021 compared with 2019. CONCLUSION: In this nationwide study, the incidence of hospitalizations for new-onset T1DM and the incidence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis was not increased during the Covid-19 pandemic in 2020 and 2021. Our results support the fact that infection with SARS-CoV-2 does not promote the development of T1DM.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Cetoacidose Diabética , Humanos , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Cetoacidose Diabética/diagnóstico , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis
18.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 39(1): 64-67, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692322

RESUMO

The fight against the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic was carried out through strong restrictive measures, including general population lockdown, which allowed the convergence of risk factors for child abuse. During this period, the French national hotline for children in danger recorded a 56% increase in calls. Calls followed by an alert to departmental child protection services increased by 30%. Through an algorithm created by our team, we showed a 50% increase in the relative frequency of hospitalizations for physical abuse in children aged 0-5 years during the lockdown. This has fueled thinking about subsequent health measures to protect the youngest children. Our goal is now to use this algorithm for epidemiological purposes as a barometer of abuse or in daily practice to help the diagnosis of physical abuse in young children.


Title: Maltraitance envers les enfants et Covid-19 - Une crise dans la crise. Abstract: En France, au début de l'année 2020, environ 690 000 vies ont pu être épargnées grâce au confinement général de la population et aux mesures restrictives de lutte contre la Covid-19. Conséquence inattendue, ces mesures ont eu un impact sur une autre frange vulnérable de la population : celle des jeunes enfants, pour lesquels il a été démontré une augmentation des maltraitances subies à cette période. À partir de données de la littérature et de l'apport de nos travaux de recherche dans le domaine, nous proposons une documentation de cette crise des violences intra-familiales, intriquée dans la crise sanitaire de la Covid-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Humanos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , COVID-19/epidemiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Maus-Tratos Infantis/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco
19.
Br J Ophthalmol ; 107(4): 565-569, 2023 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799368

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The COVID-19 crisis and the decisions made regarding population lockdown may have changed patient care. We aimed to investigate the incidence rate of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) cases during the COVID-19 lockdown period. METHODS: In this nationwide database study, we identified hospital and clinic admissions of French residents for a first episode of RRD in France from 2017 to the lockdown period in 2020. The monthly hospital incidence rates of RRD procedures per 100 000 inhabitants before, during and after lockdown were computed for the whole country. Finally, we assessed the influence of viral incidence on the RRD incidence rate, comparing two regions with highly contrasting viral penetration. RESULTS: From January to July, the average monthly national hospital incidence rate of RRD decreased from a mean of 2.59/100 000 inhabitants during 2017-2019 to 1.57/100 000 inhabitants in 2020. Compared with 2019, during the 8-week lockdown period in 2020, a 41.6% decrease in the number of RRD procedures was observed (p<0.001) with the weekly incidence of RRD decreasing from 0.63/100 000 inhabitants in 2019 to 0.36/100 000 inhabitants. During the 4-month post-lockdown period, no increased activity related to postponed procedures was observed. No difference was found in the rate of RRD surgery when comparing two regions with highly contrasting viral incidence. CONCLUSION: Containment may have been responsible for a decrease in the number of surgical procedures for RRD, without any compensating post-lockdown activity in France. These results might help increase awareness of the management of RRD emergencies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Descolamento Retiniano , Humanos , Descolamento Retiniano/epidemiologia , Descolamento Retiniano/cirurgia , Descolamento Retiniano/etiologia , Distribuição por Idade , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/complicações , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Incidência , França/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(22)2022 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36428751

RESUMO

Cancer and obesity are well-known prognostic factors in COVID-19. Our objective was to study the effect of obesity (and its severity) on the risk of intensive care unit (ICU) admission, severe complications, and in-hospital mortality, in a population of cancer patients hospitalized with or without COVID-19. All patients hospitalized in France for cancer from 1 March 2020 to 28 February 2022 were included from the French national administrative database. The effect of obesity was estimated in COVID-19 and in non-COVID-19 cancer patients using logistic and survival regressions, taking into account age, sex, comorbidities, and different types of cancer. Among the 992,899 cancer patients, we identified 53,090 patients with COVID-19 (5.35%), of which 3260 were obese (6.1%). After adjustment, for patients with or without COVID-19, there is an increased risk of ICU admission or severe complications in obese patients, regardless of the type of obesity. Regarding in-hospital mortality, there is no excess risk associated with overall obesity. However, massive obesity appears to be associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality, with a significantly stronger effect in solid cancer patients without COVID-19 and a significantly stronger effect in hematological cancer patients with COVID-19. This study showed that in France, among hospitalized patients with cancer and with or without COVID-19, increased vigilance is needed for obese patients, both in epidemic and non-epidemic periods. This vigilance should be further strengthened in patients with massive obesity for whom the risk of in-hospital mortality is higher, particularly in epidemic periods for patients with hematological cancers.

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