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Science ; 383(6682): eadj9198, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38300992


Mapping single-neuron projections is essential for understanding brain-wide connectivity and diverse functions of the hippocampus (HIP). Here, we reconstructed 10,100 single-neuron projectomes of mouse HIP and classified 43 projectome subtypes with distinct projection patterns. The number of projection targets and axon-tip distribution depended on the soma location along HIP longitudinal and transverse axes. Many projectome subtypes were enriched in specific HIP subdomains defined by spatial transcriptomic profiles. Furthermore, we delineated comprehensive wiring diagrams for HIP neurons projecting exclusively within the HIP formation (HPF) and for those projecting to both intra- and extra-HPF targets. Bihemispheric projecting neurons generally projected to one pair of homologous targets with ipsilateral preference. These organization principles of single-neuron projectomes provide a structural basis for understanding the function of HIP neurons.

Axônios , Mapeamento Encefálico , Hipocampo , Neurônios , Animais , Camundongos , Axônios/fisiologia , Axônios/ultraestrutura , Hipocampo/ultraestrutura , Neurônios/classificação , Neurônios/ultraestrutura , Análise de Célula Única/métodos , Rede Nervosa , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Neuron ; 112(7): 1081-1099.e7, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38290516


Oxytocin (OXT) plays important roles in autonomic control and behavioral modulation. However, it is unknown how the projection patterns of OXT neurons align with underlying physiological functions. Here, we present the reconstructed single-neuron, whole-brain projectomes of 264 OXT neurons of the mouse paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus (PVH) at submicron resolution. These neurons hierarchically clustered into two groups, with distinct morphological and transcriptional characteristics and mutually exclusive projection patterns. Cluster 1 (177 neurons) axons terminated exclusively in the median eminence (ME) and have few collaterals terminating within hypothalamic regions. By contrast, cluster 2 (87 neurons) sent wide-spread axons to multiple brain regions, but excluding ME. Dendritic arbors of OXT neurons also extended outside of the PVH, suggesting capability to sense signals and modulate target regions. These single-neuron resolution observations reveal distinct OXT subpopulations, provide comprehensive analysis of their morphology, and lay the structural foundation for better understanding the functional heterogeneity of OXT neurons.

Ocitocina , Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular , Animais , Camundongos , Hipotálamo , Neurônios/fisiologia , Ocitocina/fisiologia , Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular/fisiologia
Nat Neurosci ; 25(4): 515-529, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35361973


Prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the cognitive center that integrates and regulates global brain activity. However, the whole-brain organization of PFC axon projections remains poorly understood. Using single-neuron reconstruction of 6,357 mouse PFC projection neurons, we identified 64 projectome-defined subtypes. Each of four previously known major cortico-cortical subnetworks was targeted by a distinct group of PFC subtypes defined by their first-order axon collaterals. Further analysis unraveled topographic rules of soma distribution within PFC, first-order collateral branch point-dependent target selection and terminal arbor distribution-dependent target subdivision. Furthermore, we obtained a high-precision hierarchical map within PFC and three distinct functionally related PFC modules, each enriched with internal recurrent connectivity. Finally, we showed that each transcriptome subtype corresponds to multiple projectome subtypes found in different PFC subregions. Thus, whole-brain single-neuron projectome analysis reveals organization principles of axon projections within and outside PFC and provides the essential basis for elucidating neuronal connectivity underlying diverse PFC functions.

Neurônios , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Animais , Axônios , Encéfalo , Interneurônios , Camundongos , Neurônios/fisiologia , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia
Development ; 147(21)2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376680


Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling is essential for proliferation of cerebellar granule neuron progenitors (CGNPs) and its mis-regulation is linked to various disorders, including the cerebellar cancer medulloblastoma (MB). We recently identified RNF220, a ubiquitin E3 ligase promoting K63-linked polyubiquitylation and nuclear exportation of Gli transcription factors, as an Shh/Gli regulator involved in ventral neural patterning. Here, we report that RNF220 is required for the proliferation of CGNPs and Daoy cells (an Shh-grouped MB cell line), working as a positive regulator of Shh signaling. Mechanistic investigation demonstrated that RNF220 promotes Shh target gene expression by targeting the PRC2 component EED, and alters levels of epigenetic modification marks on Shh target promoters. We provided evidence that RNF220+/-; Ptch1+/- mice showed lower spontaneous MB occurrence compared with Ptch1+/- mice. Furthermore, in human clinical MB samples, RNF220 expression correlated well with that of GAB1, an Shh-group MB marker. Our findings provide new insights into the epigenetic regulation of Shh signaling and identify RNF220 as a potential new diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for Shh-group MB.

Cerebelo/embriologia , Progressão da Doença , Epigênese Genética , Proteínas Hedgehog/genética , Meduloblastoma/genética , Meduloblastoma/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cerebelo/patologia , Grânulos Citoplasmáticos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Lisina/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 2/metabolismo , Poliubiquitina/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Proteólise , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitinação , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
Cell Rep ; 28(2): 541-553.e4, 2019 07 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291587


Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling plays crucial roles in patterning the ventral neural tube, which is transformed into opposing gradients of repressor and activator forms of Glis. Here, we show that the fine-tuning of the shape of the Gli gradients through non-proteolytic ubiquitination-mediated nuclear exportation plays an important role in the control of local neural cell fate. Loss of RNF220, a ventral neural-specific ubiquitin E3 ligase, leads to ventral expansion of the intermediate V0 and dorsal expansion of the ventral V3 neurons, while reducing the V1, V2, and motor neurons between them. We show that RNF220 interacts with all Glis, either in their activator or repressor forms; induces their K63-linked ubiquitination; and promotes their nuclear export, likely by unmasking a nuclear export signal in the zinc finger domain. We propose that RNF220 works to refine the Gli gradients during neural patterning by limiting the effective Gli levels in the nucleus.

Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Transdução de Sinais
Open Biol ; 7(8)2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28814648


Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) play vital roles in regulating stem cell maintenance, differentiation and embryonic development. Intracellularly, BMP signalling is mediated by Smad proteins, which are regulated post-transcriptionally through reversible phosphorylation and ubiquitination. ZC4H2 is a small nuclear protein associated with intellectual disability and neural development in humans. Here, we report that ZC4H2 is highly expressed in the developing neural system and is involved in neural patterning and BMP signalling in Xenopus Knockdown of ZC4H2 led to expansion of the expression of the pan neural plate marker Sox2 in Xenopus embryos. In mammalian cells, ZC4H2 promotes BMP signalling and is involved in BMP regulated myogenic and osteogenic differentiation of mouse myoblast cells. Mechanistically, ZC4H2 binds and stabilizes Smad1 and Smad5 proteins through reducing their association with the Smurf ubiquitin ligases and thus their ubiquitination. We also found that a group of ZC4H2 mutations, which have been isolated in patients with intellectual disorders, showed weaker Smad-stabilizing activity, suggesting that the ZC4H2-Smad interaction might contribute to proper neural development in humans.

Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Proteínas de Xenopus/metabolismo , Xenopus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais , Padronização Corporal , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular , Camundongos , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Osteogênese , Estabilidade Proteica , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Smad/química , Proteína Smad1/química , Proteína Smad1/metabolismo , Proteína Smad5/química , Proteína Smad5/metabolismo , Xenopus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Xenopus/química , Proteínas de Xenopus/genética