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1.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(2): 114, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919722

RESUMO

Amyloid-beta (Aß) oligomers causing neuron damage are regarded as potential therapeutic targets and diagnostic markers for Alzheimer's disease (AD). A homogeneous turn-on fluorometric aptasensor is described for Aß oligomers. It is highly selective and non-invasive and based on (a) the use of a luminescent metal-organic framework carrying aptamer-modified AuNPs (L-MOF/Apt-Au) as tracking agent, and (b) enzyme-assisted target recycling signal amplification. The tracking agent does not emit fluoresce by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the luminescent MOF as donor and Apt-Au as the acceptor under the excitation wavelength of 466 nm. When Aß oligomers are added to the tracking agent solution, the Apt-Au on tracking agent can preferentially bind with Aß oligomers and then be released. This turns the "off" signal of the luminescent MOF tracer to the "on" state. The enzyme (Rec Jf exonuclease) added into the supernatant further improves sensitivity due to enzyme-assisted target-recycling signal amplification. The assay has an excellent linear response to Aß oligomers from 1.0 pM to 10 nM, with a detection limit of 0.3 pM. This homogeneous turn-on fluorometric method is expected to have potential and applications in clinical diagnosis. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of fluorometric assay for amyloid-ß oligomers based on luminescence metal-organic framework nanocomposites as tracking agent with exonuclease-assisted target recycling.

2.
Intern Med J ; 2019 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31814237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To study the influence of prealbumin (PA) on all-cause mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: From 2000 to 2010, 477 patients diagnosed with AKI and treated in the Department of Nephrology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University were enrolled in the community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI) group and 138 patients diagnosed with AKI after an operation were enrolled in the post-operative AKI (PO-AKI) group. Data were collected at AKI onset and 1 year after discharge and analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Compared with PO-AKI patients, more patients in CA-AKI group had chronic kidney disease, obesity, and hyperlipidemia, and fewer patients had cerebrovascular disease (CVD), anemia, shock, or arrhythmia. Risks for CA-AKI were atherosclerosis, CVD, arrhythmia, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, and usage of vasoactive agents, and risks for PO-AKI were elderly, arrhythmia, and requirement of renal replacement therapy. A higher level of serum PA was associated with a better outcome in the CA-AKI group (hazard ratio [HR] 0.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.85-0.996) and PO-AKI group (HR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84-0.99). In the CA-AKI group, the cumulative survival rate of patients with a normal PA level (PA >20 mg/dL) was higher than that among patients with a lower PA (PA ≤ 20 mg/dL; 95.4% vs 88.3%, P=0.031). Similarly, in the PO-AKI group, a normal PA level was associated with a higher survival rate (74.1% vs 47.6%, P=0.019). CONCLUSION: Serum PA may serve as a prognostic marker for CA-AKI and PO-AKI, and further research is warranted to confirm this finding. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122505, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806513

RESUMO

This study presents a novel approach based on addition of biochar generated from residue of cornstalk left after pretreatment and hydrolysis (RCPH-biochar) to improve hydrogen production from cornstalk hydrolysate. RCPH-biochar at concentration of 15 g L-1 substantially enhanced hydrogen generation during batch tests, with the highest cumulative hydrogen volume (3990 mL L-1) being 1.7 times that without RCPH-biochar. Then, continuous hydrogen production performance demonstrated that RCPH-biochar was capable of retaining biomass in the reactor, at 6 h hydraulic retention time, hydrogen production rate (22.8 mmol H2 L-1 h-1) was tripled compared to the control, meanwhile, glucose and xylose utilization reached to 82.3% and 54.6%, respectively. Overall material balance indicates continuous hydrogen production with RCPH-biochar enabled 63.4% higher cornstalk transfer to H2 and 53.3% more cornstalk utilization. The findings reported is a closed-loop process and is economically and environmentally attractive, which might support comprehensive cornstalk utilization with less energy input in the future.

4.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(24)2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31835299

RESUMO

Jasmonates (JAs) together with jasmonic acid and its offshoots are lipid-derived endogenous hormones that play key roles in both developmental processes and different defense responses in plants. JAs have been studied intensively in the past decades for their substantial roles in plant defense comebacks against diverse environmental stresses among model plants. However, the role of this phytohormone has been poorly investigated in the monocotyledonous species against abiotic stresses. In this study, a JA biosynthesis mutant opr7opr8 was used for the investigation of JA roles in the salt stress responses of maize seedlings, whose roots were exposed to 0 to 300 mM NaCl. Foliar stomatal observation showed that opr7opr8 had a larger stomatal aperture than wild type (WT) (B73) under salinity stress, indicating that JA positively regulates guard cell movement under salt stress. The results regarding chlorophyll content and leaf senescence showed that opr7opr8 exhibited delayed leaf senescence under salt stress as compared to WT, indicating that JA plays a role in salt-inducing cell death and subsequent leaf senescence. Moreover, the morphological parameters, including the length of the shoots and roots, and the fresh and dry weights of the shoots and roots, showed that after 7 days of salt treatment, opr7opr8 had heavier and longer shoots than WT but slighter and shorter roots than WT. In addition, ion analysis showed that opr7opr8 accumulated less sodium but more potassium in the leaves than WT but more sodium and less potassium in the roots than WT, suggesting that JA deficiency causes higher salt stress to the roots but less stress to the leaves of the seedlings. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) analysis showed that opr7opr8 produced less H2O2 than WT in the leaves but more H2O2 in the roots under salt treatment, and correspondingly, ROS-scavenging enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX) showed a similar variation, i.e., opr7opr8 has lower enzymatic activities in the shoots but higher activities in the roots than WT under salt treatment. For osmotic adjustment, opr7opr8 produced less proline in the shoots at 100 and 300 mM NaCl treatments but more in the roots than the WT roots under all salt treatments. In addition, the gene expression for abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis under salt stress was investigated. Results showed that the expression levels of four key enzymes of ABA biosynthesis, ZEP1, NCED5, AO1, and VP10, were significantly downregulated in the shoots as compared to WT under salt treatment. Putting all the data together, we concluded that JA-deficiency in maize seedlings reduced the salt-stress responses in the shoots but exaggerated the responses in the roots. In addition, endogenous JA acted as a positive regulator for the transportation of sodium ions from the roots to the shoots because the mutant opr7opr8 had a higher level of sodium in the roots but a significantly lower level in the shoots than WT. Furthermore, JA may act as a positive regulator for ABA biosynthesis in the leaves under salt stress.

5.
Ann Hepatol ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884016

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the significance of serum HBsAg levels in treatment cessation of nucleoside analogues (NAs) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection. METHODS: In 158 CHB patients with long-term NAs treatment, 74 patients were in HBeAg negative and had a HBsAg level <1500IU/mL, 36 of whom were informed and consented to cease NAs. HBsAg, HBV DNA and liver function were examined in the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th month after treatment cessation. RESULTS: The sustained response rate was 88.89% (32/36) within one year after NAs cessation. Sub-group analysis was based on HBsAg levels of patients with NAs cessation, there was no relapse case in 11 patients whose HBsAg <50IU/mL, and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 100%. Seroconversion of HBsAg occurred in 3 patients. 2 patients from 21 cases whose HBsAg was between 50IU/mL and 1000IU/mL relapsed. 2 of 4 patients whose in HBsAg >1000IU/mL relapsed. HBsAg of patients with a sustained response decreased slowly. In contrast, HBsAg levels increased gradually in relapsed patients, and the increase of HBsAg was precedent to relapses of HBV DNA and ALT. Multivariate analysis suggested that only HBsAg level showed a close correlation with HBV DNA relapses. ROC curve analysis suggested that the increase of HBsAg level in the 3rd and 6th month after NAs cessation had a great predictive value for relapses. CONCLUSION: Monitoring of base line HBsAg level can predict outcomes of NAs cessation in HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis B. HBsAg <50IU/mL has higher predictive values of better sustained responses in HBeAg-negative CHB patients.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; : 122409, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740246

RESUMO

In this study, the growth and lipid accumulation of Scenedesmus sp. using different nanoparticles and light sources were investigated. Xenon lamp can produce a broad illumination spectrum, and exhibited better performance than light-emitting diode. SiC and g-C3N4 nanoparticles improved the biomass and lipid accumulation, whereas TiO2 and TiC nanoparticles had inhibitory influence on microalgae. Lipid production can be improved by oxidative stress produced by combination of nanoparticles and xenon lamp irradiation. At the optimal SiC nanoparticles concentration of 150 mg L-1 and photoperiod of 6:18 h, the maximum biomass concentration and total lipid content reached 3.18 g L-1 and 40.26%, respectively. The addition of SiC nanoparticles could promote the substrate utilization rate and induce stress condition, thereby enhancing the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase and lipid biosynthesis. This research shows that SiC nanoparticles addition combined with xenon lamp illumination is a promising strategy to promote microalgal growth and lipid accumulation.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: School physical activity (PA) policy, physical education curriculum, teacher training, knowledge of physical fitness, and parental support are among the key issues underlying the declining trend of physical fitness in children and adolescents. The Chinese CHAMPS was a multi-faceted intervention program to maximize the opportunities for moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and increase physical fitness in middle school students. The purpose of the study was to test whether the levels of modification in school physical education policy and curriculum incrementally influenced the changes in cardiorespiratory fitness and other physical fitness outcomes. METHODS: This 8-month study was a clustered randomized controlled trial using a 2 × 2 factorial design. The participants were 680 7th grade students (mean age = 12.66 years) enrolled in 12 middle schools that were randomly assigned to one of four treatment conditions: school physical education intervention (SPE), afterschool program intervention (ASP), SPE+ASP, and control. Targeted behaviors of the Chinese CHAMPS were the student's sedentary behavior and MVPA. The study outcomes were assessed by a test battery of physical fitness at the baseline and posttest. Sedentary behavior and MVPA were measured in randomly selected students using observations and accelerometry. RESULTS: The terms contrasting the pooled effect of SPE, ASP, and SPE+ASP vs. Control, the pooled effect of SPE and SPE+ASP vs. ASP only, and the effect of SPE+ASP vs. ASP on CRF and other physical fitness outcomes were all significant after adjusting for covariates, supporting the study hypothesis. Process evaluation demonstrated high fidelity of the intervention in the targeted students' behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Chinese CHAMPS demonstrated the impact of varying the amount of MVPA and vigorous physical activity (VPA) on the physical fitness in middle school students in support of the need to increase the opportunity for PA in schools and to introduce high-intensity exercises in school-based PA programs. Modification of school policy, quality of physical education curriculum, and teacher training were important moderators of the improvement in physical fitness. (Trial registration: ChiCTR-IOR-14005388, the Childhood Health; Activity and Motor Performance Study.).

9.
Microb Pathog ; 139: 103891, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783123

RESUMO

Previous study have shown that Talaromyces marneffei (T. marneffei) induced activation of autophagy. Therefore, we explore signaling pathway that regulates activation of autophagy by intracellular signaling mechanisms during T. marneffei infection. Further, we examine c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 and 2 (JNK1/2) and p38 signaling pathways that regulate IL-1ß and IL-10 production and activation of autophagy during T. marneffei infection in human dendritic cells (DCs). We found that T. marneffei induced activation of JNK1/2 and p38 in human DCs. Furthermore, the inhibition of JNK1/2 and p38 increased activation of autophagy and decreased the replication of T. marneffei in T. marneffei-infected human DCs. Moreover, IL-1ß secretion in T. marneffei-infected human DCs was dependent on JNK1/2 and autophagy pathways, whereas IL-10 secretion was dependent on JNK1/2, p38 and autophagy pathways. These data suggest that JNK1/2 and p38 pathways play critical roles in activation of autophagy, the multiplication of T. marneffei and subsequent cytokine production during T. marneffei infection.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736338

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth common malignant tumor worldwide but current efficient and convenient screening methods remain lacking. This study aimed to discover a diagnostic or a screening biomarker from the urine of HBV-related HCC patients. We used iTRAQ coupled with mass spectrometry to identify candidate urinary proteins in a discovery cohort (n=40). The selected proteins were confirmed using ELISA in a validation cohort (n=140). Diagnostic performance of the selected proteins was assessed using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and qualitative diagnostic analysis. A total of 96 differentially expressed proteins were identified. Urinary alpha-fetoprotein (u-AFP) and orosomucoid 1 (u-ORM1) were selected as target proteins by bioinformatics analysis and were significantly higher in HCC than in non-HCC patients as validated by western blot and ELISA. U-AFP had a strong correlation with serum AFP-L3 (Pearson r =0.944, p < 0.0001), indicating that u-AFP may be derived from circulating blood. The AUC of u-AFP was 0.795 with a sensitivity of 62.5% and a specificity of 95.4%, which showed no significantly difference with serum AFP (se-AFP). The AUC was 0.864 as u-AFP and u-ORM1 were combined, and performed much better than u-AFP or u-ORM1 alone. Qualitative diagnostic analysis showed that the positive predictive value of u-AFP was 90.1% and the diagnostic sensitivity of parallel combination of u-AFP and u-ORM1 was 85.1%. Taken together, AFP and ORM1 in the urine may be used as a diagnostic or screening biomarker of HCC and studies on large samples are needed to validate the result.

11.
Sci Total Environ ; : 134475, 2019 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759721

RESUMO

Organic molecular composition of fine aerosols in the free troposphere is poorly understood. Here, PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameters ≤ 2.5 µm) samples were collected at the summit of Mt. Emei (3080 m a.s.l.) in the Southwestern China on a daytime and nighttime basis during summer 2016 (June-July). The samples were analyzed by solvent-extraction followed by derivatization and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Four classes of organic compounds, i.e. n-alkanes, fatty acids, saccharides and lignin/resin acids were measured quantitatively. Fatty acids were found to be the most abundant species with an average concentration of 401 ±â€¯419 ng m-3 (range 25.7-1490 ng m-3) in the daytime, similar to the average concentration at night (399 ±â€¯447 ng m-3, 19.6-1970 ng m-3). However, the concentrations of biomass burning tracers (e.g., levoglucosan), primary biological aerosol tracers (e.g., mannitol and arabitol) and low molecular weight n-alkanes derived from fossil fuel combustion in daytime samples were obviously higher than those in nighttime samples. The results suggest that valley breezes transported a large number of aerosols and their precursors from the ground surface to the summit of Mt. Emei in the daytime. Estimated with tracer-based methods, the contributions of biogenic primary sources (plant debris, fungal spore, and biomass burning) to organic carbon was in the range of 3.28-83.5% (22.0 ±â€¯17.5%) in the daytime and 3.45-37.4% (10.9 ±â€¯8.97%) at night. As the largest contributor, biomass burning was an important anthropogenic/natural source of aerosol particles in the free troposphere over Mt. Emei. CAPSULE: Valley/mountain breeze is an important constraint to the temporal variations in organic aerosols over Mt. Emei.

12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4944, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666520

RESUMO

Urban residential buildings make large contributions to energy consumption. Energy consumption per square meter is most widely used to measure energy efficiency in urban residential buildings. This study aims to explore whether it is an appropriate indicator. An extended STIRPAT model was used based on the survey data from 867 households. Here we present that building area per household has a dilution effect on energy consumption per square meter. Neglecting this dilution effect leads to a significant overestimation of the effectiveness of building energy savings standards. Further analysis suggests that the peak of energy consumption per square meter in China's urban residential buildings occurred in 2012 when accounting for the dilution effect, which is 11 years later than it would have occurred without considering the dilution effect. Overall, overlooking the dilution effect may lead to misleading judgments of crucial energy-saving policy tools, as well as the ongoing trend of residential energy consumption in China.

13.
Nanoscale ; 11(46): 22475-22481, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746908

RESUMO

Silver nanowires (AgNWs), as one of the most important plasmonic waveguides, can support several different plasmonic modes. These surface plasmon polariton (SPP) modes have different electric field distributions, effective mode areas, propagation lengths and losses and thus can be used for different applications, from efficiently collecting single photons to carrying quantum entanglement. Therefore, the excitation and analysis of these different SPP modes are of pivotal importance for the development of subwavelength optical devices. In this work, we investigate different SPP modes on a suspended AgNW adhered to a fiber taper. Theoretical simulations and experimental results show that the desired SPP modes can be selectively excited by adjusting either the polarization of the excitation light or the coupling length between the fiber taper and the AgNW. Moreover, fundamental and higher-order SPP modes can be distinguished by means of a far-field method. Our results not only enable convenient and controllable excitation of the desired SPP modes but also provide unique insight into the optical properties of plasmonic waveguides.

14.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 38(3): 229-238, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679310

RESUMO

Asthma has affected more than 300 million people worldwide and is considered one of the most debilitating global public health problems based on a recent statistical report from the Global Initiative for Asthma. Inflammation of the airways leads to the various interrelated mechanisms of innate and adaptive immunity acting mutually with the epithelium of the respiratory organ. Fucoxanthin is an orange or brown pigment which is naturally found in various seaweeds. To the best of our knowledge, there are no scientific claims or evidence of the curative effects of fucoxanthin against asthma. Hence, this present research was designed to investigate the curative activity of fucoxanthin against ovalbumin-induced asthma in a mouse model. Fucoxanthin (50 mg/kg) showed significant (P < 0.001) antiasthma activity. It effectively decreased intracellular secretion of reactive oxygen species and increased antioxidant enzyme activity. Fucoxanthin also decreased inflammatory cytokine markers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. Because fucoxanthin showed effective antiasthma activity against ovalbumin-induced asthma in experimental animals, further research on this natural antioxidant could lead to development of a novel drug for the treatment of asthma in humans.


Assuntos
Antiasmáticos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/imunologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Xantofilas/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/química , Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Camundongos , Ovalbumina/toxicidade
15.
J Cell Biochem ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595560

RESUMO

Matrine, a natural product extracted from the root of Sophora flavescens Ait, was the main chemical ingredient of compounds of Kushen injection, which has been widely used for its remarkable anticancer effects for years. The underlying mechanisms for Matrine regulations of human breast cancer stem cells (BrCSCs) are barely known. LIN28, a well-characterized suppressor of Let-7 microRNA biogenesis, playing vital roles in regulations of stem cells' renewal and tumorigenesis. Here we show that the compounds of Kushen injection derived Matrine could suppress the BrCSCs differentiation and self-renewal through downregulating the expression of Lin28A, resulting in the inactivation of Wnt pathway through a Let-7b-dependent way. In opposite to Matrine, Cisplatin treatment increases the ability of tumorsphere formation and the expression of BrCSCs markers, which was partially blocked by either Let-7b overexpression or CCND1 inhibition. Furthermore, Matrine sensitized BrCSCs to cisplatin's suppression of cancer expansion in vitro and in vivo. Our study uncovers the role of the LIN28A/Let-7 in BrCSCs renewal, and more importantly, elucidated a novel mechanism by which Matrine induces breast cancer involution.

16.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 7(3): 249-257, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608217

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Data are limited on the use of pegylated-interferon alpha-2a (peg-IFNα) in Chinese patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (CHB). We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of peg-IFNα in Chinese patients with hepatitis B envelope antigen-negative CHB in routine clinical practice. Methods: In this prospective, multicenter, observational, non-interventional cohort study, patients were assessed for up to 1 year after peg-IFNα treatment cessation. Treating physicians established the dosing and treatment duration according to Chinese clinical practice. Effectiveness of peg-IFNα treatment was measured by the percentage of: patients with HBV DNA <2000 IU/mL and loss of hepatitis B surface antigen (commonly known as HBsAg); HBV DNA level at end of treatment (EOT), and 6 months and 1 year posttreatment; and time course change in quantitative HBV DNA and HBsAg. Results: At EOT, 6 months posttreatment, and 1 year posttreatment, the percentage of patients with HBV DNA <2000 IU/mL was 90.0%, 81.8%, and 82.2%, and that of patients with HBsAg loss was 6.5%, 9.4%, and 9.5%, respectively. The HBV DNA level decreased from 5.61 log IU/mL at baseline to 2.48 log IU/mL at EOT and 2.67 log IU/mL at 1 year posttreatment. The HBsAg level decreased from 3.08 log IU/mL at baseline to 2.24 log IU/mL at EOT and 2.10 log IU/mL at 1 year posttreatment. The incidence of adverse events was 52.0%. Conclusions: Peg-IFNα has the potential to provide functional cure (HBsAg loss) for CHB and is well tolerated in hepatitis B envelope antigen-negative CHB patients in routine clinical practice in China. Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01730508).

17.
Therap Adv Gastroenterol ; 12: 1756284819878046, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598135

RESUMO

Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become prevalent in recent decades, especially in developed countries, and approaches for the prevention and treatment of NAFLD are not clear. The aim of this research was to analyze and summarize randomized controlled trials that investigated the effects of probiotics on NAFLD. Methods: Seven databases (PubMed, Embase, the Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wan Fang Data, and VIP Database) were searched. Then, eligible studies were identified. Finally, proper data extraction, synthesis and analysis were performed by trained researchers. Results: Anthropometric parameters: with use of probiotics weight was reduced by 2.31 kg, and body mass index (BMI) was reduced by 1.08 kg/m2. Liver function: probiotic treatment reduced the alanine aminotransferase level by 7.22 U/l, the aspartate aminotransferase level by 7.22 U/l, the alkaline phosphatase level by 25.87 U/l, and the glutamyl transpeptidase level by -5.76 U/l. Lipid profiles: total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and triglycerides were significantly decreased after probiotic treatment. Their overall effects (shown as standard mean difference) were -0.73, -0.54, and -0.36, respectively. Plasma glucose: probiotics reduced the plasma glucose level by 4.45 mg/dl and the insulin level by 0.63. Cytokines: probiotic treatment decreased tumor necrosis factor alpha by 0.62 and leptin by 1.14. Degree of liver fat infiltration (DFI): the related risk of probiotics for restoring DFI was 2.47 (95% confidence interval, 1.61-3.81, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Probiotic treatment or supplementation is a promising therapeutic method for NAFLD.

18.
Microb Pathog ; 137: 103769, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To clarify the impact of IL-1B gene polymorphisms (IL-1B-511C/T, IL-1B-31C/T, IL-1B+3954C/T) in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection by mean of a meta-analysis. METHODS: The relevant studies were retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang databases until September 9, 2018. Odds ratio (OR) and its 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to assess the associations. Statistical analyses of this meta-analysis were conducted by using STATA 12 software. RESULTS: Totally, 45 articles including 9606 cases and 5654 controls were enrolled in this meta-analysis. Our results indicated that IL-1B-511C/T polymorphism was significantly related to an increased the risk of H. pylori infection under recessive model (OR = 1.13, 95% CI: 1.00-1.27, P = 0.048). However, no significant associations were obtained between H. pylori infection and IL-1B-31C/T as well as IL-1B+3954C/T polymorphisms under all models. In addition, subgroup analyses were also performed by country, study design, and detection methods of H. pylori. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggested that IL-1B-511C/T polymorphism was related to the risk of H. pylori infection. Further larger studies with high quality are needed to conform these findings.

19.
Eur J Radiol ; 121: 108702, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648102

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the objective and subjective image quality between composed images from split-filter twin beam dual energy (TBDE) and single-energy computed tomography (SECT) in abdominal CT. METHODS: In this prospective study, 103 patients were imaged using TBDE (n = 51) or SECT (n = 52). The CT number and noise were measured for the following six abdominal structures: liver, spleen, fat, muscle, aorta and portal vein. The normalised noise level for the liver was separately measured and compared. The consistency of the SNR and CT number was compared between the two groups. The subjective image quality was evaluated using six aspects in a blinded manner. Cohen's Kappa statistic was used to determine the level of agreement between the two radiologists. RESULTS: For the objective image quality comparison, the SNR of all structures was higher using TBDE compared to SECT (p < 0.05). The CT value for different structures were comparable between the two groups (p > 0.05). Among all patient sizes, the noise level for TBDE images was significantly lower (7-17% reduction) compared to the SECT images (p < 0.01). Furthermore, noise reduction's magnitude increases with body size. For image quality's subjective evaluation, TBDE images are superior for certain aspects. Cohen's Kappa values (0.7634-0.8460) suggest an adequate level of agreement between the two observers. CONCLUSIONS: TBDE scan mode can yield similar or even better objective and subjective image quality at the same level of radiation than conventional SECT. Quantitatively, TBDE images have a 7-17% reduction in noise, depending on the size of the scanned body regions.

20.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(16): 383, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31555697

RESUMO

Background: Familial focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (fFSGS) is difficult to treat, and stem cell transplantation is one of the most promising approaches for treating this condition. According to the novel mutation site found in our FSGS family, we established a novel animal model of FSGS to explore the application of stem cell therapy in FSGS. Methods: The animal model used in this experiment was p.Gly1617Valfs X15 (C57BL/6) mutant mice. This mutation was first found in a focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) family undergoing renal biopsy in our department. The mouse model was then constructed via CRISPR/Cas9 genomic editing technology. Then, the animals were injected with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSC) through the tail vein and regularly followed up to determine phenotypic changes in urine protein quantities, serum creatinine and histological outcomes. Results: Compared with the positive control group, the levels of urinary protein and serum creatine were decreased significantly after UCMSC transplantation. HE staining images revealed a delay in glomerular sclerosis. Moreover, the secretion of the type IV collagen α3 chain was significantly increased compared with the positive control group, as shown by using immunofluorescence microscopic observation, and electron microscopy proved that the podocytes and basement membrane recovered well from the damage. The intervention also resulted in enhanced IL-22 expression. Conclusions: UCMSC transplantation may be a potential treatment for FSGS, and IL-22 may play an important role in this process. Further studies are needed to reveal the underlying mechanism.

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