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1.
Sci Total Environ ; : 172466, 2024 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626826

RESUMO

The burgeoning issue of plasmid-mediated resistance genes (ARGs) dissemination poses a significant threat to environmental integrity. However, the prediction of ARGs prevalence is overlooked, especially for emerging ARGs that are potentially evolving gene exchange hotspot. Here, we explored to classify plasmid or chromosome sequences and detect resistance gene prevalence by using DNABERT. Initially, the DNABERT fine-tuned in plasmid and chromosome sequences followed by multilayer perceptron (MLP) classifier could achieve 0.764 AUC (Area under curve) on external datasets across 23 genera, outperforming 0.02 AUC than traditional statistic-based model. Furthermore, Escherichia, Pseudomonas single genera based model were also be trained to explore its predict performance to ARGs prevalence detection. By integrating K-mer frequency attributes, our model could boost the performance to predict the prevalence of ARGs in an external dataset in Escherichia with 0.0281-0.0615 AUC and Pseudomonas with 0.0196-0.0928 AUC. Finally, we established a random forest model aimed at forecasting the relative conjugation transfer rate of plasmids with 0.7956 AUC, drawing on data from existing literature. It identifies the plasmid's repression status, cellular density, and temperature as the most important factors influencing transfer frequency. With these two models combined, they provide useful reference for quick and low-cost integrated evaluation of resistance gene transfer, accelerating the process of computer-assisted quantitative risk assessment of ARGs transfer in environmental field.

2.
J Environ Manage ; 358: 120832, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38599089

RESUMO

Polyethylene (PE) is the most productive plastic product and includes three major polymers including high-density polyethylene (HDPE), linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) variation in the PE depends on the branching of the polymer chain and its crystallinity. Tenebrio obscurus and Tenebrio molitor larvae biodegrade PE. We subsequently tested larval physiology, gut microbiome, oxidative stress, and PE degradation capability and degradation products under high-purity HDPE, LLDPE, and LDPE powders (<300 µm) diets for 21 days at 65 ± 5% humidity and 25 ± 0.5 °C. Our results demonstrated the specific PE consumption rates by T. molitor was 8.04-8.73 mg PE ∙ 100 larvae-1⋅day-1 and by T. obscurus was 7.68-9.31 for LDPE, LLDPE and HDPE, respectively. The larvae digested nearly 40% of the ingested three PE and showed similar survival rates and weight changes but their fat content decreased by 30-50% over 21-day period. All the PE-fed groups exhibited adverse effects, such as increased benzoquinone concentrations, intestinal tissue damage and elevated oxidative stress indicators, compared with bran-fed control. In the current study, the digestive tract or gut microbiome exhibited a high level of adaptability to PE exposure, altering the width of the gut microbial ecological niche and community diversity, revealing notable correlations between Tenebrio species and the physical and chemical properties (PCPs) of PE-MPs, with the gut microbiome and molecular weight change due to biodegradation. An ecotoxicological simulation by T.E.S.T. confirmed that PE degradation products were little ecotoxic to Daphnia magna and Rattus norvegicus providing important novel insights for future investigations into the environmentally-friendly approach of insect-mediated biodegradation of persistent plastics.

3.
Water Res ; 256: 121571, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583332

RESUMO

'Candidatus Methanoperedens nitroreducens' is an archaeal methanotroph with global importance that links carbon and nitrogen cycles and great potential for sustainable operation of wastewater treatment. It has been reported to mediate the anaerobic oxidation of methane through a reverse methanogenesis pathway while reducing nitrate to nitrite. Here, we demonstrate that 'Ca. M. nitroreducens' reduces ferric iron forming ammonium (23.1 %) and nitrous oxide (N2O, 46.5 %) from nitrate. These results are supported with the upregulation of genes coding for proteins responsible for dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (nrfA), N2O formation (norV, cyt P460), and multiple multiheme c-type cytochromes for ferric iron reduction. Concomitantly, an increase in the N2O-reducing SJA-28 lineage and a decrease in the nitrite-reducing 'Candidatus Methylomirabilis oxyfera' are consistent with the changes in 'Ca. M. nitroreducens' end products. These findings demonstrate the highly flexible physiology of 'Ca. M. nitroreducens' in anaerobic ecosystems with diverse electron acceptor conditions, and further reveals its roles in linking methane oxidation to global biogeochemical cycles. 'Ca. M. nitroreducens' could significantly affect the bioavailability of nitrogen sources as well as the emission of greenhouse gas in natural ecosystems and wastewater treatment plants.

4.
Environ Sci Ecotechnol ; 20: 100412, 2024 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560759

RESUMO

Effective management of large basins necessitates pinpointing the spatial and temporal drivers of primary index exceedances and urban risk factors, offering crucial insights for basin administrators. Yet, comprehensive examinations of multiple pollutants within the Yangtze River Basin remain scarce. Here we introduce a pollution inventory for urban clusters surrounding the Yangtze River Basin, analyzing water quality data from 102 cities during 2018-2019. We assessed the exceedance rates for six pivotal indicators: dissolved oxygen (DO), ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N), chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total phosphorus (TP), and the permanganate index (CODMn) for each city. Employing random forest regression and SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) analyses, we identified the spatiotemporal factors influencing these key indicators. Our results highlight agricultural activities as the primary contributors to the exceedance of all six indicators, thus pinpointing them as the leading pollution source in the basin. Additionally, forest coverage, livestock farming, chemical and pharmaceutical sectors, along with meteorological elements like precipitation and temperature, significantly impacted various indicators' exceedances. Furthermore, we delineate five core urban risk components through principal component analysis, which are (1) anthropogenic and industrial activities, (2) agricultural practices and forest extent, (3) climatic variables, (4) livestock rearing, and (5) principal polluting sectors. The cities were subsequently evaluated and categorized based on these risk components, incorporating policy interventions and administrative performance within each region. The comprehensive analysis advocates for a customized strategy in addressing the discerned risk factors, especially for cities presenting elevated risk levels.

5.
Bioresour Technol ; 399: 130643, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552855

RESUMO

This study proposed an efficient framework for optimizing the design and operation of combined systems of wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) and constructed wetlands (CW). The framework coupled a WWTP model with a CW model and used a multi-objective evolutionary algorithm to identify trade-offs between energy consumption, effluent quality, and construction cost. Compared to traditional design and management approaches, the framework achieved a 27 % reduction in WWTP energy consumption or a 44 % reduction in CW cost while meeting strict effluent discharge limits for Chinese WWTP. The framework also identified feasible decision variable ranges and demonstrated the impact of different optimization strategies on system performance. Furthermore, the contributions of WWTP and CW in pollutant degradation were analyzed. Overall, the proposed framework offers a highly efficient and cost-effective solution for optimizing the design and operation of a combined WWTP and CW system.


Assuntos
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Purificação da Água , Áreas Alagadas , Águas Residuárias , Aprendizado de Máquina
6.
Environ Res ; 252(Pt 1): 118810, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38552829

RESUMO

Nitrate/nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-DAMO) process offers a promising solution for simultaneously achieving methane emissions reduction and efficient nitrogen removal in wastewater treatment. Although nitrogen removal at a practical rate has been achieved by n-DAMO biofilm process, the mechanisms of biofilm formation and nitrogen transformation remain to be elucidated. In this study, n-DAMO biofilms were successfully developed in the membrane aerated moving bed biofilm reactor (MAMBBR) and removed nitrate at a rate of 159 mg NO3--N L-1 d-1. The obvious increase in the content of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) indicated that EPS production was important for biofilm development. n-DAMO microorganisms dominated the microbial community, and n-DAMO bacteria were the most abundant microorganisms. However, the expression of biosynthesis genes for proteins and polysaccharides encoded by n-DAMO archaea was significantly more active compared to other microorganisms, suggesting the central role of n-DAMO archaea in EPS production and biofilm formation. In addition to nitrate reduction, n-DAMO archaea were revealed to actively express dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium and nitrogen fixation. The produced ammonium was putatively converted to dinitrogen gas through the joint function of n-DAMO archaea and n-DAMO bacteria. This study revealed the biofilm formation mechanism and nitrogen-transformation network in n-DAMO biofilm systems, shedding new light on promoting the application of n-DAMO process.

7.
Bioresour Technol ; 396: 130383, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316227

RESUMO

The addition of biochar resulted in a 31.5 % to 44.6 % increase in decolorization efficiency and favorable decolorization stability. Biochar promoted extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) secretion, especially humic-like and fulvic-like substances. Additionally, biochar enhanced the electron transfer capacity of anaerobic sludge and facilitated surface attachment of microbial cells. 16S rRNA gene sequencing analysis indicated that biochar reduced microbial species diversity, enriching fermentative bacteria such as Trichococcus. Finally, a machine learning model was employed to establish a predictive model for biochar characteristics and decolorization efficiency. Biochar electrical conductivity, H/C ratio, and O/C ratio had the most significant impact on RR2 anaerobic decolorization efficiency. According to the results, the possible mechanism of RR2 anaerobic decolorization enhanced by different types of biochar was proposed.


Assuntos
Compostos Azo , Carvão Vegetal , Corantes , Compostos Azo/metabolismo , Corantes/metabolismo , Anaerobiose , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Esgotos
8.
J Hazard Mater ; 465: 133446, 2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219578

RESUMO

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or polyester) is a commonly used plastic and also contributes to the majority of plastic wastes. Mealworms (Tenebrio molitor larvae) are capable of biodegrading major plastic polymers but their degrading ability for PET has not been characterized based on polymer chain size molecular size, gut microbiome, metabolome and transcriptome. We verified biodegradation of commercial PET by T. molitor larvae in a previous report. Here, we reported that biodegradation of commercial PET (Mw 29.43 kDa) was further confirmed by using the δ13C signature as an indication of bioreaction, which was increased from - 27.50‰ to - 26.05‰. Under antibiotic suppression of gut microbes, the PET was still depolymerized, indicating that the host digestive enzymes could degrade PET independently. Biodegradation of high purity PET with low, medium, and high molecular weights (MW), i.e., Mw values of 1.10, 27.10, and 63.50 kDa with crystallinity 53.66%, 33.43%, and 4.25%, respectively, showed a mass reduction of > 95%, 86%, and 74% via broad depolymerization. Microbiome analyses indicated that PET diets shifted gut microbiota to three distinct structures, depending on the low, medium, and high MW. Metagenome sequencing, transcriptomic, and metabolic analyses indicated symbiotic biodegradation of PET by the host and gut microbiota. After PET was fed, the host's genes encoding degradation enzymes were upregulated, including genes encoding oxidizing, hydrolyzing, and non-specific CYP450 enzymes. Gut bacterial genes for biodegrading intermediates and nitrogen fixation also upregulated. The multiple-functional metabolic pathways for PET biodegradation ensured rapid biodegradation resulting in a half-life of PET less than 4 h with less negative impact by PET MW and crystallinity.


Assuntos
Tenebrio , Animais , Tenebrio/metabolismo , Tenebrio/microbiologia , Poliestirenos/metabolismo , Polietilenotereftalatos/metabolismo , Polímeros , Larva/metabolismo , Polietileno/metabolismo , Plásticos/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Metaboloma
9.
Water Res ; 251: 121120, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38237459

RESUMO

Waste activated sludge (WAS) as one of the major pollutants with a significant annual production, has garnered significant attention regarding its treatment and utilization. If improperly discharged, it not only caused environmental pollution but also led to the wastage of valuable resources. In this study, the microalgae growth and lipid accumulation using waste activated sludge extracts (WASE) under different temperature conditions were investigated. The highest lipid content (59.13%) and lipid productivity (80.41 mg L-1 d-1) were obtained at cultivation temperatures of 10 and 25 °C, respectively. It was found that microalgae can effectively utilize TN/TP/NH4+-N and other nutrients of WASE. The highest utilization rates of TP, TN and NH4+-N were achieved at a cultivation temperature of 10 °C, reaching 84.97, 77.49 and 92.32%, respectively. The algal fatty acids had carbon chains predominantly ranging from C14 to C18, making them suitable for biodiesel production. Additionally, a comprehensive analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics revealed up-regulation of genes associated with triglyceride assembly, the antioxidant system of algal cells, and cellular autophagy, as well as the accumulation of metabolites related to the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and lipids. This study offers novel insights into the microscopic mechanisms of microalgae culture using WASE and approaches for the resource utilization of sludge.


Assuntos
Microalgas , Esgotos , Lipídeos , Biocombustíveis , Temperatura , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Biomassa
10.
Water Res ; 251: 121134, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38244297

RESUMO

A coupling technology for lipid production and adsorption of rare earth elements (REEs) using microalgae was studied in this work. The microalgae cell growth, lipid production, biochemical parameters and lipid profiles were investigated under different REEs (Ce3+, Gd3+and La3+). The results showed that the maximum lipid production was achieved at different concentrations of REEs, with lipid productivities of 300.44, 386.84 and 292.19 mg L-1 d-1 under treatment conditions of 100 µg L-1 Ce3+, 250 µg L-1 Gd3+ and 1 mg L-1 La3+, respectively. Moreover, the adsorption efficiency of Ce3+, Gd3+ and La3+exceeded 96.58 %, 93.06 % and 91.3 % at concentrations of 25-1000 µg L-1, 100-500 µg L-1 and 0.25-1 mg L-1, respectively. In addition, algal cells were able to adsorb 66.2 % of 100 µg L-1 Ce3+, 48.4 % of 250 µg L-1 Gd3+ and 59.9 % of 1 mg L-1 La3+. The combination of extracellular polysaccharide and algal cell wall could adsorb 25.2 % of 100 µg L-1 Ce3+, 44.5 % of 250 µg L-1 Gd3+ and 30.5 % of 1 mg L-1 La3+, respectively. These findings indicated that microalgae predominantly adsorbed REEs through the intracellular pathway. This study elucidates the mechanism of effective lipid accumulation and adsorption of REEs by microalgae under REEs stress conditions. It establishes a theoretical foundation for the efficient microalgae lipid production and REEs recovery from wastewater or waste residues containing REEs.


Assuntos
Metais Terras Raras , Microalgas , Biocombustíveis , Adsorção , Lipídeos
11.
Water Res ; 249: 120915, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029487

RESUMO

Utilizing H2-assisted ex-situ biogas upgrading and acetate recovery holds great promise for achieving high value utilization of biogas. However, it faces a significant challenge due to acetate's high solubility and limited economic value. To address this challenge, we propose an innovative strategy for simultaneous upgrading of biogas and the production of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs). A series of batch tests evaluated the strategy's efficiency under varying initial gas ratios (v/v) of H2, CH4, CO2, along with varying ethanol concentrations. The results identified the optimal conditions as initial gas ratios of 3H2:3CH4:2CO2 and an ethanol concentration of 241.2 mmol L-1, leading to maximum CH4 purity (97.2 %), MCFAs yield (54.2 ± 2.1 mmol L-1), and MCFAs carbon-flow distribution (62.3 %). Additionally, an analysis of the microbial community's response to varying conditions highlighted the crucial roles played by microorganisms such as Clostridium, Proteiniphilum, Sporanaerobacter, and Bacteroides in synergistically assimilating H2 and CO2 for MCFAs production. Furthermore, a 160-day continuous operation using a dual-membrane aerated biofilm reactor (dMBfR) was conducted. Remarkable achievements were made at a hydraulic retention time of 2 days, including an upgraded CH4 content of 96.4 ± 0.3 %, ethanol utilization ratio (URethanol) of 95.7 %, MCFAs production rate of 28.8 ± 0.3 mmol L-1 d-1, and MCFAs carbon-flow distribution of 70 ± 0.8 %. This enhancement is proved to be an efficient in biogas upgrading and MCFAs production. These results lay the foundation for maximizing the value of biogas, reducing CO2 emissions, and providing valuable insights into resource recovery.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Reatores Biológicos , Dióxido de Carbono , Metano , Biofilmes , Acetatos , Carbono , Etanol , Ácidos Graxos
13.
Bioresour Technol ; 394: 130236, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38142912

RESUMO

The conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) from biogas into medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) represents an eco-friendly resource recovery approach to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and combat global climate change. This study presented the novel concept of integrated resource recovery by coupling biogas upgrading and MCFAs production for the first time. Initially, the impact of different initial ethanol concentrations on chain elongation was examined, determining that an ethanol concentration of 160 mmol/L maximized MCFAs yield at 45.7 mmol/L. Subsequently, using this optimal ethanol supply, the integrated strategy was implemented by connecting two bioreactors in series and maintaining continuous operation for 160-day. The results were noteworthy: upgraded bio-methane purity reached 97.6 %, MCFAs production rate and carbon-flow distribution reached 24.5 mmol/L d-1 and 76.1 %, respectively. In summary, these promising outcomes pioneer a resource recovery approach, enabling the high-value utilization of biogas and the conversion of CO2 into valuable bio-chemicals.


Assuntos
Biocombustíveis , Dióxido de Carbono , Reatores Biológicos , Ácidos Graxos , Metano , Etanol
14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 57(50): 20975-20991, 2023 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37931214

RESUMO

Nitrate/nitrite-dependent anaerobic oxidation of methane (n-DAMO) is a recently discovered process, which provides a sustainable perspective for simultaneous nitrogen removal and greenhouse gas emission (GHG) mitigation by using methane as an electron donor for denitrification. However, the engineering roadmap of the n-DAMO process is still unclear. This work constitutes a state-of-the-art review on the classical and most recently discovered metabolic mechanisms of the n-DAMO process. The versatile combinations of the n-DAMO process with nitrification, nitritation, and partial nitritation for nitrogen removal are also clearly presented and discussed. Additionally, the recent advances in bioreactor development are systematically reviewed and evaluated comprehensively in terms of methane supply, biomass retention, membrane requirement, startup time, reactor performance, and limitations. The key issues including enrichment and operation strategy for the scaling up of n-DAMO-based processes are also critically addressed. Moreover, the challenges inherent to implementing the n-DAMO process in practical applications, including application scenario recognition, GHG emission mitigation, and operation under realistic conditions, are highlighted. Finally, prospects as well as opportunities for future research are proposed. Overall, this review provides a roadmap for potential applications and further development of the n-DAMO process in the field of wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Nitratos , Nitratos/metabolismo , Nitritos/metabolismo , Nitrificação , Anaerobiose , Metano , Desnitrificação , Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 905: 167142, 2023 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37722432

RESUMO

Old-fashioned wastewater treatments for nitrogen depend on heterotrophic denitrification process. It would utilize extra organic carbon source as electron donors when the C/N of domestic wastewater was too low to ensure heterotrophic denitrification process. It would lead to non-compliance with carbon reduction targets and impose an economic burden on wastewater treatment. Denitrifying anaerobic methane oxidation (DAMO), which could utilize methane serving as electron donors to replace traditional organic carbon (methanol or sodium acetate), supplies a novel approach for wastewater treatment. As the primary component of biogas, methane is an inexpensive carbon source. With anaerobic digestion becoming increasingly popular for sludge reduction in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), efficient biogas utilization through DAMO can offer an environmentally friendly option for in-situ biogas recycling. Here, we reviewed the metabolic principle and relevant research for DAMO and biogas recycling utilization, outlining the prospect of employing DAMO for wastewater treatment and biogas recycling utilization in WWTPs. The application of DAMO provides a new focal point for enhancing efficiency and sustainability in WWTPs.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Purificação da Água , Humanos , Águas Residuárias , Biocombustíveis , Metano/metabolismo , Anaerobiose , Desnitrificação , Oxirredução , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Carbono , Nitritos , Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo
16.
Water Res ; 244: 120448, 2023 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37619305

RESUMO

Granular sludge combined n-DAMO and Anammox (n-D/A) is an energy-efficient biotechnique for the simultaneous removal of nitrogen and dissolved methane from wastewater. However, the lack of knowledge so far about the metabolic interactions between n-DAMO and Anammox in response to operation condition in granular sludge restrains the development of this biotechnology. To address this gap, three independent membrane granular sludge reactors (MGSRs) were designed to carry out the granule-based n-D/A process under different conditions. We provided the first deep insights into the metabolic interactions between n-DAMO and Anammox in granular sludge via combined metagenomic and metatranscriptomic analyses. Our study unveiled a clear population shift of n-DAMO community from Candidatus Methanoperedens to Candidatus Methylomirabilis from sidestream to mainstream. Candidatus Methanoperedens with relative abundance of 25.2% played the major role in nitrate reduction and methane oxidation under sidestream condition, indicated by the high expression activities of mcrA and narG. Candidatus Methylomirabilis dominated the microbial community under mainstream condition with relative abundance of 32.1%, supported by the high expression activities of pmoA and hao. Furthermore, a transition of Anammox population from Candidatus Kuenenia to Candidatus Brocadia was also observed from sidestream to mainstream. Candidatus Kuenenia and Candidatus Brocadia jointly contributed to the primary anaerobic ammonium oxidation suggested by the high expression value of hdh and hzs. Candidatus Methylomirabilis was speculated to perform ammonium oxidation mediated by pMMO under mainstream condition. These findings might help to reveal the microbial interactions and ecological niches of n-DAMO and Anammox microorganisms, shedding light on the optimization and management of the granule-based n-D/A system.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Esgotos , Anaerobiose , Oxidação Anaeróbia da Amônia , Reatores Biológicos , Desnitrificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Metano/metabolismo , Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo
17.
Bioresour Technol ; 387: 129702, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37604256

RESUMO

This study proposes a new model in which ethanol and acetate produced by dark fermentation are processed by Clostridium kluyveri for chain elongation to produce caproate with an addition of biochar prepared from cornstalk residues after acid pretreatment and enzymatic hydrolysis (AERBC) in the dark fermentation and chain elongation processes. The results show a 6-25% increase in hydrogen production in dark fermentation with adding AERBC, and the maximum concentration of caproate in the new model reached 1740 mg/L, 61% higher than that in the control group. In addition, caproate was obtained by dark fermentation, using liquid metabolites as substrates with an initial pH range of 6.5-7.5. Finally, the electron balance and electron transfer efficiency in the new model were analyzed, and the role of AERBC in dark fermentation and chain elongation was investigated. This study provides a new reference for the use of dark-fermented liquid metabolites and cornstalk residue.


Assuntos
Caproatos , Clostridium kluyveri , Hidrogênio
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 459: 132054, 2023 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37473569

RESUMO

Sulfate radical-based advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) combined biological system was a promising technology for treating antibiotic wastewater. However, how pretreatment influence antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) propagation remains largely elusive, especially the produced by-products (antibiotic residues and sulfate) are often ignored. Herein, we investigated the effects of zero valent iron/persulfate pretreatment on ARGs in bioreactors treating sulfadiazine wastewater. Results showed absolute and relative abundance of ARGs reduced by 59.8%- 81.9% and 9.1%- 52.9% after pretreatments. The effect of 90-min pretreatment was better than that of the 30-min. The ARGs reduction was due to decreased antibiotic residues and stimulated sulfate assimilation. Reduced antibiotic residues was a major factor in ARGs attenuation, which could suppress oxidative stress, inhibit mobile genetic elements emergence and resistant strains proliferation. The presence of sulfate in influent supplemented microbial sulfur sources and facilitated the in-situ synthesis of antioxidant cysteine through sulfate assimilation, which drove ARGs attenuation by alleviating oxidative stress. This is the first detailed analysis about the regulatory mechanism of how sulfate radical-based AOPs mediate in ARGs attenuation, which is expected to provide theoretical basis for solving concerns about by-products and developing practical methods to hinder ARGs propagation.


Assuntos
Genes Bacterianos , Águas Residuárias , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética , Sulfatos/farmacologia , Reatores Biológicos , Óxidos de Enxofre/farmacologia
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 458: 131971, 2023 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37413798

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are a significant component of global pollution and cause widespread concern, particularly in wastewater treatment plants. While understanding the impact of MPs on nutrient removal and potential metabolism in biofilm systems is limited. This work investigated the impact of polystyrene (PS) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) on the performance of biofilm systems. The results revealed that at concentrations of 100 and 1000 µg/L, both PS and PET had almost no effect on the removal of ammonia nitrogen, phosphorus, and chemical oxygen demand, but reduced the removal of total nitrogen by 7.40-16.6%. PS and PET caused cell and membrane damage, as evidenced by increases in reactive oxygen species and lactate dehydrogenase to 136-355% and 144-207% of the control group. Besides, metagenomic analysis demonstrated both PS and PET changed the microbial structure and caused functional differences. Some important genes in nitrite oxidation (e.g. nxrA), denitrification (e.g. narB, nirABD, norB, and nosZ), and electron production process (e.g. mqo, sdh, and mdh) were restrained, meanwhile, species contribution to nitrogen-conversion genes was altered, therefore disturbing nitrogen-conversion metabolism. This work contributes to evaluating the potential risks of biofilm systems exposed to PS and PET, maintaining high nitrogen removal and system stability.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Microbiota , Águas Residuárias , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Reatores Biológicos , Biofilmes , Poliestirenos
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 457: 131759, 2023 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37276692

RESUMO

Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a mass-produced fossil-based plastic polymer that contributes to catastrophic levels of plastic pollution. Here we demonstrated that Tenebrio molitor (mealworms) was capable of rapidly biodegrading two commercial PET resins (microplastics) with respective weight-average molecular weight (Mw) of 39.33 and 29.43 kDa and crystallinity of 22.8 ± 3.06% and 18 ± 2.25%, resulting in an average mass reduction of 71.03% and 73.28% after passage of their digestive tract, and respective decrease by 9.22% and 11.36% in Mw of residual PET polymer in egested frass. Sequencing of 16 S rRNA gene amplicons of gut microbial communities showed that dominant bacterial genera were enriched and associated with PET degradation. Also, PICRUSt prediction exhibited that oxidases (monooxygenases and dioxygenases), hydrolases (cutinase, carboxylesterase and chitinase), and PET metabolic enzymes, and chemotaxis related functions were up-regulated in the PET-fed larvae. Additionally, metabolite analyses revealed that PET uptake caused alterations of stress response and plastic degradation related pathways, and lipid metabolism pathways in the T. molitor larvae could be reprogrammed when the larvae fed on PET. This study provides new insights into gut microbial community adaptation to PET diet under nutritional stress (especially nitrogen deficiency) and its contribution to PET degradation.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Tenebrio , Animais , Larva/metabolismo , Tenebrio/metabolismo , Tenebrio/microbiologia , Plásticos/metabolismo , Polímeros , Polietilenotereftalatos/metabolismo , Poliestirenos/metabolismo
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