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Support Care Cancer ; 32(3): 158, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358590


PURPOSE: This is the second article in this series on the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) and ANPs (advanced nurse practitioners) regarding prehabilitation advice in oncology patients, exploring the barriers and facilitators to giving prehabilitation advice by CNSs and ANPs in oncology patients. METHODS: A Cross-sectional online questionnaire opens for 3 months to establish the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of ANPs and CNSs to prehabilitation disseminated through professional organisations and social media. RESULTS: The questionnaire gained (n = 415) responses. Prehabilitation advice was routinely given by 89% (n = 371) of respondents. Many (60%) identified a lack of guidance and referral processes as a barrier to giving prehabilitation advice; this corresponded between respondents' confidence to give prehabilitation advice and subsequent referrals (< 0.001). Other factors included time (61%), a lack of patient interest (44%) and limited relevance to patients (35%). CONCLUSION: The implementation of standardised nurse prehabilitation advice resources would enable CNSs and ANPs to provide personalised prehabilitation advice in their consultations.

Neoplasias , Enfermeiras Clínicas , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Exercício Pré-Operatório , Neoplasias/cirurgia
BJUI Compass ; 4(1): 5-23, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36569507


Background: Bladder cancer (BC) treatments are known to be invasive; nevertheless, research into the long-term effects is limited and in the context of sexual function often male focussed. Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) has been reported in up to 75% of female patients. This systematic scoping review examines the literature on sexual consequences of BC in female patients. Objective: This study aimed to systematically evaluate the evidence on female sexual function in BC to identify areas of unmet need and research priorities. Evidence Acquisition: We performed a critical review of PubMed, PsychMed, CINAHL, MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library in March 2020 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) extension for Scoping Reviews statement following Levac et al. methodology. Identified reports were reviewed according to the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) criteria. 45 publications were included. Evidence Synthesis: There was an inconsistent use of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), with commonly used PROMs having a narrow symptom focus. However, common symptoms emerged: loss of desire, orgasmic disorders, vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, difficult intromission, reduced clitoral sensation, psychological concerns related to diagnosis, fear of contamination and body image. Sexual activity was reduced in most groups, despite women expressing a motivation to retain sexual function. The degree of symptom distress associated with FSD is underreported. Evidence emerged regarding a gap for women in clinician counselling and follow-up. Conclusions: The patient's perspective of FSD in BC patients is poorly understood and under-addressed in clinical practice. There have been very few qualitative studies of FSD in BC. Any intervention designed to address the problem must start with greater understanding of both the patients' and clinicians' perspective. Lay Summary: We examined the evidence on sexual consequences of BC in women. It is apparent that despite common themes of sexual dysfunction emerging, the problem is poorly understood and addressed in clinical practice.

Semin Oncol Nurs ; 38(5): 151329, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35965141


OBJECTIVES: To review the recent literature around patient-centric prehabilitation in oncology patients and propose a conceptual framework to inform development of interdisciplinary prehabilitation services leading to focused, individualized prehabilitation interventions. DATA SOURCES: A review of recent peer-reviewed literature, national guidance, and government strategy on prehabilitation in oncology patients. CONCLUSION: Patient- centric prehabilitation is key to improving patient's experiences of cancer throughout the cancer journey while improving population health and reducing financial costs. Successful personalized prehabilitation interventions are comprised of an interplay between individual interdisciplinary roles, as illustrated in the conceptual framework. The role of the nurse underpins this whole process in patient screening, assessment, implementation of the intervention, and patient reassessment, ensuring care is dynamic and tailored to patient need. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: The review has discussed the key role that nurses play in the process but warrants more research in the area. The conceptual framework provides a basis to develop interdisciplinary prehabilitation services underpinned by the nurse's role. The review advocates the use of educational interventions to equip all health professionals with prehabilitation knowledge to enable interdisciplinary prehabilitation services to be developed.

Neoplasias , Exercício Pré-Operatório , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Cuidados Paliativos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente
Br J Nurs ; 23(22): 1208-12, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25492436


The systematic review investigates whether, during preoperative assessments, nurse-delivered psychological interventions reduce anxiety levels preoperatively for patients undergoing elective surgery. Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria for data extraction and in-depth critiquing. Of these, two were discarded due to lack of validity, while the remaining studies were organised thematically in a narrative synthesis, generating two principal results: patients' preoperative anxieties were lowered by nurse-delivered general preoperative psychological interventions; and patients valued individualised preoperative interventions delivered by nurses. However, the single oncology study in the review showed an elevation in preoperative anxiety, regardless of intervention, and highlights the need for more research in this under-reviewed area. In the meantime, the authors believe that service improvements should be implemented to ensure that, where possible, psychological preoperative interventions are individualised.

Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Período Pré-Operatório , Ansiedade/enfermagem , Ansiedade/psicologia , Humanos , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente