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Nat Mater ; 14(6): 601-6, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25799325


Phonons are displacements of atoms around their rest positions in a crystalline solid. They carry sound and heat, but are not classically associated with magnetism. Here, we show that phonons are, in fact, sensitive to magnetic fields, even in diamagnetic materials. We do so by demonstrating experimentally that acoustic phonons in a diamagnetic semiconductor (InSb) scatter more strongly from one another when a magnetic field is applied. We attribute this observation to the magnetic-field sensitivity of the anharmonicity of the interatomic bonds that govern the probability of phonon-phonon interactions. The displacements of atoms locally affect the orbital motion of valence band electrons, which, in the presence of an external magnetic field, spatially modulates the orbital diamagnetism around the displaced atoms. The spatial gradient in magnetic moment results in an anharmonic magnetic force exerted on the displaced atom. The process is modelled by ab initio calculations that, without the use of a single adjustable parameter, reproduce the observed 12% decrease in the lattice thermal conductivity under a 7 T magnetic field at a temperature of 5.2 K.

Nat Commun ; 5: 3389, 2014 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24566761


Two-dimensional van der Waals materials have shown great promise for a variety of electronic, optoelectronic, sensing and energy conversion applications. Since almost every atom in these two-dimensional crystals is exposed to the surface, covalent surface termination could provide a powerful method for the controlled tuning of material properties. Here we demonstrate a facile, one-step metathesis approach that directly converts CaGe2 crystals into mm-sized crystals of methyl-terminated germanane (GeCH3). Replacing --H termination in GeH with --CH3 increases the band gap by ~0.1 eV to 1.7 eV, and produces band edge fluorescence with a quantum yield of ~0.2%, with little dependence on layer thickness. Furthermore, the thermal stability of GeCH3 has been increased to 250 °C compared with 75 °C for GeH. This one-step metathesis approach should be applicable for accessing new families of two-dimensional van der Waals lattices that feature precise organic terminations and with enhanced optoelectronic properties.

J Am Chem Soc ; 135(50): 18824-30, 2013 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24246057


The insulating, fully ordered, double perovskite Sr2CoOsO6 undergoes two magnetic phase transitions. The Os(VI) ions order antiferromagnetically with a propagation vector k = (1/2, 1/2, 0) below TN1 = 108 K, while the high-spin Co(II) ions order antiferromagnetically with a propagation vector k = (1/2, 0, 1/2) below TN2 = 70 K. Ordering of the Os(VI) spins is accompanied by a structural distortion from tetragonal I4/m symmetry to monoclinic I2/m symmetry, which reduces the frustration of the face centered cubic lattice of Os(VI) ions. Density functional theory calculations show that the long-range Os-O-Co-O-Os and Co-O-Os-O-Co superexchange interactions are considerably stronger than the shorter Os-O-Co interactions. The poor energetic overlap between the 3d orbitals of Co and the 5d orbitals of Os appears to be responsible for this unusual inversion in the strength of short and long-range superexchange interactions.

Nano Lett ; 13(6): 2418-22, 2013 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23647308


A low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope was used in conjunction with density functional theory calculations to determine the binding sites and charge states of adsorbed Ga and Mn atoms on GaAs(110). To quantify the adatom charge states (both +1e), the Coulomb interaction with an individual Mn acceptor is measured via tunneling spectroscopy and compared with theoretical predictions. Several methods for positioning these charged adatoms are demonstrated, allowing us to engineer the electrostatic landscape of the surface with atomic precision.

ACS Nano ; 7(5): 4414-21, 2013 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23506286


Graphene's success has shown not only that it is possible to create stable, single-atom-thick sheets from a crystalline solid but that these materials have fundamentally different properties than the parent material. We have synthesized for the first time, millimeter-scale crystals of a hydrogen-terminated germanium multilayered graphane analogue (germanane, GeH) from the topochemical deintercalation of CaGe2. This layered van der Waals solid is analogous to multilayered graphane (CH). The surface layer of GeH only slowly oxidizes in air over the span of 5 months, while the underlying layers are resilient to oxidation based on X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. The GeH is thermally stable up to 75 °C; however, above this temperature amorphization and dehydrogenation begin to occur. These sheets can be mechanically exfoliated as single and few layers onto SiO2/Si surfaces. This material represents a new class of covalently terminated graphane analogues and has great potential for a wide range of optoelectronic and sensing applications, especially since theory predicts a direct band gap of 1.53 eV and an electron mobility ca. five times higher than that of bulk Ge.

Germânio/química , Grafite/química , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Silício/química , Dióxido de Silício/química , Temperatura