Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 363
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Chem Asian J ; : e202400349, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578048

RESUMO

Based on the prior observation of the trifluoroacetate hypoiodite, CF3C(O)OI, demonstrating the largest σ-hole of a neutral halogen bond donor, a series of mono- and bis-carbonyl hypoiodites utilising trifluoromethyl or fluorine substituents at various positions of a parent benzoyl skeleton have been synthesised. The carbonyl hypoiodite complexes were prepared via cation exchange of the silver(I) cations with iodine(I) from the respective silver(I) carboxylates and dicarboxylates as the synthetic precursors. A range of pyridinic Lewis bases of varying nucleophilicities were used to stabilise the carbonyl hypoiodites to further probe their properties. The silver(I) intermediates with these Lewis bases were also isolated for silver(I) pentafluorobenzoate, providing additional insight into the cation exchange reaction. All complexes were characterised both in solution (1H, 1H-15N HMBC, 19F) and in the solid state (SCXRD), permitting insights into the formation of the elusive pyridine-iodine(I) cation.

2.
Chemistry ; 30(16): e202304178, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193788

RESUMO

Seven pyridine iodine(I) sulfonate complexes were prepared and isolated at low temperatures and characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis. The inherently instable pyridine iodine(I) cations are stabilized by an oxygen of sulfonate anions via the I⋅⋅⋅O halogen bond. In these complexes, the iodine atom of the pyridine iodine(I) cation acts as an electron acceptor and the sulfonate oxygen as the electron donor. These complexes are stable enough in the crystalline state, yet decompose rapidly under ambient conditions, also being unstable in solution. The (pyridine)N-I bond lengths [2.140(3)-2.197(2) Å] and the I⋅⋅⋅O halogen bonds [2.345(6)-2.227(3) Å] are analogous to (imide)N-I⋅⋅⋅O-N-pyridine uncharged halogen-bonded complexes formed from N-haloimides and pyridine N-oxides, thus confirming the existence of elusive pyridine iodine(I) cation.

3.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; 11(6): e2307208, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38059769

RESUMO

The nature of (imide)N-X⋯N(pyridine) halogen-bonded complexes formed by six N-haloimides and sixteen 2-substituted pyridines are studied using X-ray crystallography (68 crystal structures), Density Functional Theory (DFT) (86 complexation energies), and NMR spectroscopy (90 association constants). Strong halogen bond (XB) donors such as N-iodosuccinimide form only 1:1 haloimide:pyridine crystalline complexes, but even stronger N-iodosaccharin forms 1:1 haloimide:pyridine and three other distinct complexes. In 1:1 haloimide:pyridine crystalline complexes, the haloimide's N─X bond exhibits an unusual bond bending feature that is larger for stronger N-haloimides. DFT complexation energies (ΔEXB ) for iodoimide-pyridine complexes range from -44 to -99 kJ mol-1 , while for N-bromoimide-pyridine, they are between -31 and -77 kJ mol-1 . The ΔEXB of I⋯N XBs in 1:1 iodosaccharin:pyridine complexes are the largest of their kind, but they are substantially smaller than those in [bis(saccharinato)iodine(I)]pyridinium salts (-576 kJ mol-1 ), formed by N-iodosaccharin and pyridines. The NMR association constants and ΔEXB energies of 1:1 haloimide:pyridine complexes do not correlate as these complexes in solution are heavily influenced by secondary interactions, which DFT studies do not account for. Association constants follow the σ-hole strengths of N-haloimides, which agree with DFT and crystallography data. The haloimide:2-(N,N-dimethylamino)pyridine complex undergoes a halogenation reaction resulting in 5-iodo-2-dimethylaminopyridine.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 63(5): e202316702, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38055189

RESUMO

A mechanochemical synthesis of sulfonimidamides by iron(II)-catalyzed exogenous ligand-free N-acyl nitrene transfer to sulfinamides is reported. The one-step method tolerates a wide range of sulfinamides with various substituents under solvent-free ambient conditions. Compared to its solution-phase counterpart, this mechanochemical approach shows better conversion and chemoselectivity. Mechanistic investigations by ESI-MS revealed the generation of crucial nitrene iron intermediates.

5.
Chemistry ; : e202303643, 2023 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38055221

RESUMO

The coordination nature of 2-mono- and 2,6-disubstituted pyridines with electron-withdrawing halogen and electron-donating methyl groups for [N-X-N]+ (X=I, Br) complexations have been studied using 15 N NMR, X-ray crystallography, and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. The 15 N NMR chemical shifts reveal iodine(I) and bromine(I) prefer to form complexes with 2-substituted pyridines and only 2,6-dimethylpyridine. The crystalline halogen(I) complexes of 2-substituted pyridines were characterized by using X-ray diffraction analysis, but 2,6-dihalopyridines were unable to form stable crystalline halogen(I) complexes due to the lower nucleophilicity of the pyridinic nitrogen. In contrast, the halogen(I) complexes of 2,6-dimethylpyridine, which has a more basic nitrogen, are characterized by X-crystallography, which complements the 15 N NMR studies. DFT calculations reveal that the bond energies for iodine(I) complexes vary between -291 and -351 kJ mol-1 and for bromine between -370 and -427 kJ mol-1 . The bond energies of halogen(I) complexes of 2-halopyridines with more nucleophilic nitrogen are 66-76 kJ mol-1 larger than those of analogous 2,6-dihalopyridines with less nucleophilic nitrogen. The experimental and DFT results show that the electronic influence of ortho-halogen substituents on pyridinic nitrogen leads to a completely different preference for the coordination bonding of halogen(I) ions, providing new insights into bonding in halogen(I) chemistry.

6.
Chemistry ; 29(69): e202302162, 2023 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37682579

RESUMO

Homoleptic [L-I-L]+ iodine(I) complexes (where L is a R3 R2 R1 N tertiary amine) were synthesized via the [L-Ag-L]+ → [L-I-L]+ cation exchange reaction. In solution, the amines form [R3 R2 R1 N-Ag-NR1 R2 R3 ]+ silver(I) complexes, which crystallize out from solution as the meso-[L-Ag-L]+ complexes, as characterized by X-ray crystallography. The subsequent [L-I-L]+ iodine(I) analogues were extremely reactive and could not be isolated in the solid state. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed to study the Ag+ -N and I+ -N interaction energies in silver(I) and iodine(I) complexes, with the former ranging from -80 to -100 kJ mol-1 and latter from -260 to -279 kJ mol-1 . The X-ray crystal structures revealed Ag+ ⋅⋅⋅Cπ and Ag+ ⋅⋅⋅H-C short contacts between the silver(I) cation and flexible N-alkyl/N-aryl groups, which are the first of their kind in such precursor complexes.

7.
ACS Omega ; 8(26): 24064-24071, 2023 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37426204

RESUMO

Building upon the first report of a 3-acetaminopyridine-based iodine(I) complex (1b) and its unexpected reactivity toward tBuOMe, several new 3-substituted iodine(I) complexes (2b-5b) have been synthesized. The iodine(I) complexes were synthesized from their analogous silver(I) complexes (2a-5a) via a silver(I) to iodine(I) cation exchange reaction, incorporating functionally related substituents as 3-acetaminopyridine in 1b; 3-acetylpyridine (3-Acpy; 2), 3-aminopyridine (3-NH2py; 3), and 3-dimethylaminopyridine (3-NMe2py; 4), as well as the strongly electron-withdrawing 3-cyanopyridine (3-CNpy; 5), to probe the possible limitations of iodine(I) complex formation. The individual properties of these rare examples of iodine(I) complexes incorporating 3-substituted pyridines are also compared to each other and contrasted to their 4-substituted counterparts which are more prevalent in the literature. While the reactivity of 1b toward etheric solvents could not be reproduced in any of the functionally related analogues synthesized herein, the reactivity of 1b was further expanded to a second etheric solvent. Reaction of bis(3-acetaminopyridine)iodine(I) (1b) and iPr2O gave [3-acetamido-1-(3-iodo-2-methylpentan-2-yl)pyridin-1-ium]PF6 (1d), which demonstrated potentially useful C-C and C-I bond formation under ambient conditions.

8.
Chemistry ; 29(58): e202302089, 2023 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37427889

RESUMO

Strong Lewis acids are essential tools for manifold chemical procedures, but their scalable deployment is limited by their costs and safety concerns. We report a scalable, convenient, and inexpensive synthesis of stable diiminium-based reagents with a Lewis acidic carbon centre. Coordination with pyridine donors stabilises these centres; the 2,2'-bipyridine adduct shows a chelation effect at carbon. Due to high fluoride, hydride, and oxide affinities, the diiminium pyridine adducts are promising soft and hard Lewis acids. They effectively produce acylpyridinium salts from carboxylates that can acylate amines to give amides and imides even from electronically intractable coupling partners.

9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 145(28): 15414-15424, 2023 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37411044

RESUMO

Owing to the unknown correlation of a metal's ligand and its resulting preferred speciation in terms of oxidation state, geometry, and nuclearity, a rational design of multinuclear catalysts remains challenging. With the goal to accelerate the identification of suitable ligands that form trialkylphosphine-derived dihalogen-bridged Ni(I) dimers, we herein employed an assumption-based machine learning approach. The workflow offers guidance in ligand space for a desired speciation without (or only minimal) prior experimental data points. We experimentally verified the predictions and synthesized numerous novel Ni(I) dimers as well as explored their potential in catalysis. We demonstrate C-I selective arylations of polyhalogenated arenes bearing competing C-Br and C-Cl sites in under 5 min at room temperature using 0.2 mol % of the newly developed dimer, [Ni(I)(µ-Br)PAd2(n-Bu)]2, which is so far unmet with alternative dinuclear or mononuclear Ni or Pd catalysts.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(34): e202307372, 2023 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37314001

RESUMO

N-X⋅⋅⋅- O-N+ halogen-bonded systems formed by 27 pyridine N-oxides (PyNOs) as halogen-bond (XB) acceptors and two N-halosuccinimides, two N-halophthalimides, and two N-halosaccharins as XB donors are studied in silico, in solution, and in the solid state. This large set of data (132 DFT optimized structures, 75 crystal structures, and 168 1 H NMR titrations) provides a unique view to structural and bonding properties. In the computational part, a simple electrostatic model (SiElMo) for predicting XB energies using only the properties of halogen donors and oxygen acceptors is developed. The SiElMo energies are in perfect accord with energies calculated from XB complexes optimized with two high-level DFT approaches. Data from in silico bond energies and single-crystal X-ray structures correlate; however, data from solution do not. The polydentate bonding characteristic of the PyNOs' oxygen atom in solution, as revealed by solid-state structures, is attributed to the lack of correlation between DFT/solid-state and solution data. XB strength is only slightly affected by the PyNO oxygen properties [(atomic charge (Q), ionization energy (Is,min ) and local negative minima (Vs,min )], as the σ-hole (Vs,max ) of the donor halogen is the key determinant leading to the sequence N-halosaccharin>N-halosuccinimide>N-halophthalimide on the XB strength.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 62(29): e202305703, 2023 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37141043

RESUMO

Sulfondiimines are marginalized entities among nitrogen-containing organosulfur compounds, despite offering promising properties for applications in various fields including medicinal and agrochemical. Herein, we present a metal-free and rapid synthetic procedure for the synthesis of N-monosubstituted sulfondiimines that overcomes current limitations in their synthetic accessibility. Particularly, S,S-dialkyl substrates, which are commonly difficult to convert by existing methods, react well with a combination of iodine, 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-en (DBU), and iminoiodinanes (PhINR) in acetonitrile (MeCN) to furnish the corresponding sulfondiimines in yields up to 85 % (25 examples). Valuable "free" NH-N'H-sulfondiimines can then be accessed by N-deprotection under mild reaction conditions. Several experimental observations suggest a mechanistic pathway diverging from the common radical-based iodine/iminoiodinane mechanism. Based on the experimental results in combination with data obtained by 1 H NMR spectroscopy, ESI mass spectrometry, and crystallographic analysis we propose a direct amination from PhINNs and a reaction path via a cationic iodonitrene.

12.
Inorg Chem ; 62(21): 8101-8111, 2023 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37191273

RESUMO

Two different organometallic gold(I) compounds containing naphthalene and phenanthrene as fluorophores and 2-pyridyldiphenylphosphane as the ancillary ligand were synthesized (compounds 1 with naphthalene and 2 with phenanthrene). They were reacted with three different copper(I) salts with different counterions (PF6-, OTf-, and BF4-; OTf = triflate) to obtain six Au(I)/Cu(I) heterometallic clusters (compounds 1a-c for naphthalene derivatives and 2a-c for phenanthrene derivatives). The heterometallic compounds present red pure room-temperature phosphorescence in both solution, the solid state, and air-equilibrated samples, as a difference with the dual emission recorded for the gold(I) precursors 1 and 2. The presence of Au(I)-Cu(I) metallophilic contacts has been identified using single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure resolution of two of the compounds, which play a direct role in the resulting red-shifted emission with respect to the gold(I) homometallic precursors. Polystyrene (PS) and poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) polymeric matrices were doped with our luminescent compounds, and the resulting changes in their emissive properties were analyzed and compared with those previously recorded in the solution and the solid state. All complexes were tested to analyze their ability to produce 1O2 and present very good values of ΦΔ up to 50%.

13.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 59(31): 4648-4651, 2023 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36988285

RESUMO

Three chiral carbonyl hypoiodites, R-C(O)OI, have been prepared from N-protected (S)-valine to give the ligand-stabilised (S)-valinoyl hypoiodite complexes with 4-dimethylaminopyridine, 4-pyrrolidinopyridine, and 4-morpholinopyridine as the stabilising ligands. The identity of the complexes was established by NMR (1H, 13C, 1H-15N HMBC) and single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis.

14.
J Nat Prod ; 86(2): 380-389, 2023 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36749598

RESUMO

Six new crotofolane diterpenoids (1-6) and 13 known compounds (7-19) were isolated from the MeOH-CH2Cl2 (1:1, v/v) extracts of the leaves and stem bark of Croton kilwae. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by extensive analysis of spectroscopic and mass spectrometric data. The structure of crotokilwaepoxide A (1) was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, allowing for the determination of its absolute configuration. The crude extracts and the isolated compounds were investigated for antiviral activity against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human rhinovirus type-2 (HRV-2) in HEp-2 and HeLa cells, respectively, for antibacterial activity against the Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis and the Gram-negative Escherichia coli, and for antimalarial activity against the Plasmodium falciparum Dd2 strain. ent-3ß,19-Dihydroxykaur-16-ene (7) and ayanin (16) displayed anti-RSV activities with IC50 values of 10.2 and 6.1 µM, respectively, while exhibiting only modest cytotoxic effects on HEp-2 cells that resulted in selectivity indices of 4.9 and 16.4. Compounds 2 and 5 exhibited modest anti-HRV-2 activity (IC50 of 44.6 µM for both compounds), while compound 16 inhibited HRV-2 with an IC50 value of 1.8 µM. Compounds 1-3 showed promising antiplasmodial activities (80-100% inhibition) at a 50 µM concentration.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos , Croton , Diterpenos , Humanos , Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Croton/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Diterpenos/química , Células HeLa , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química
15.
Chem Asian J ; 18(6): e202201203, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734201

RESUMO

Solid-state NMR has been applied to a series of Barluenga-type iodine(I) [L-I-L]PF6 (L=pyridine, 4-ethylpyridine, 4-dimethylaminopyridine, isoquinoline) complexes as their hexafluorophosphate salts, as well as their respective non-liquid ligands (L), their precursor silver(I) complexes, and the respective N-methylated pyridinium and quinolinium hexafluorophoshate salts. These results are compared and contrasted to the corresponding solution studies and single-crystal X-ray structures. As the first study of its kind on the solid-state NMR behavior of halogen(I) complexes, practical considerations are also discussed to encourage wider utilization of this technique in the future.

16.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 19: 91-99, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36761473

RESUMO

Cholesterol reacts under Appel conditions (CBr4/PPh3) to give 3,5-cholestadiene (elimination) and 3ß-bromocholest-5-ene (substitution with retention of configuration). Thus, the bromination of cholesterol deviates from the stereochemistry of the standard Appel mechanism due to participation of the Δ5 π-electrons. In contrast, the subsequent azidolysis (NaN3/DMF) of 3ß-bromocholest-5-ene proceeds predominantly by Walden inversion (SN2) affording 3α-azidocholest-5-ene. The structures of all relevant products were revealed by X-ray single crystal structure analyses, and the NMR data are in agreement to the reported ones. In light of these findings, we herein correct the previous stereochemical assignments reported by one of us in the Beilstein J. Org. Chem. 2015, 11, 1922-1932 and the Monatsh. Chem. 2018, 149, 505-517.

17.
Org Lett ; 25(9): 1569-1572, 2023 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36852945

RESUMO

N-Trifluoroacetylated (N-TFA) sulfoximines react with 1-trifluoromethylstyrenes in a one-pot domino reaction to give fluorinated 5,6-dihydro-1,2-thiazine 1-oxides in good to high yields. The process involves three sequential reaction steps that can be characterized as (1) nucleophilic allylic substitution (SN2'), (2) hydrolysis, and (3) intramolecular nucleophilic vinylic substitution (SNV). The products can further be modified by defluorination. The molecular structure of the resulting product was confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis.

18.
Inorg Chem ; 62(5): 2000-2012, 2023 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36696563

RESUMO

Two series of Pt(II)-cyclometallated compounds containing N^C^N tridentate and alkynyl-chromophore ligands have been synthesized and structurally characterized. The N^C^N ligands differ on the presence of R1 = H or F in the central aromatic ring, while six different chromophores have been introduced to the alkynyl moiety. Single-crystal X-ray structures for some of the compounds reveal the presence of weak intermolecular contacts responsible for the formation of some dimers or aggregates. The photophysical characterization shows the presence of two emission bands in solution assigned to the 3π-π* transition from the N^C^N ligands mixed with 3MLCT/3ILCT transitions (higher energy band) in deaerated samples. The formation of excimers has also been identified as a broad band at longer wavelengths [near-infrared (NIR) emission] that becomes the main emission band for compounds containing phenanthrene as the chromophore. NIR emission behavior has also been explored using acetonitrile/water mixtures, and the presence of aggregates that emit at ca. 650 nm has also been detected.

19.
Chem Asian J ; 18(6): e202201308, 2023 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36705487

RESUMO

Weak intermolecular forces are typically very difficult to observe in highly competitive polar protic solvents as they are overwhelmed by the quantity of competing solvent. This is even more challenging for three-component ternary assemblies of pure organic compounds. In this work, we overcome these complications by leveraging the binding of fused aromatic N-heterocycles in an open resorcinarene cavity to template the formation of a three-component halogen-bonded ternary assembly in a protic polar solvent system.

20.
J Org Chem ; 88(4): 2666-2669, 2023 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36701544

RESUMO

N-Alkyl sulfoximines react with arynes generated in situ under mild conditions providing o-sulfinylanilines in good yields. The transformation is characterized by a broad substrate scope and a good functional group tolerance. The structure of a reaction product was confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...