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1.
ChemistryOpen ; 10(11): 1150-1157, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806846

RESUMO

Six bile acid alkyl amide derivatives were studied with respect to their gelation properties. The derivatives were composed of three different bile acids with hexyl or cyclohexyl side chains. The gelation behaviour of all six compounds were studied for 36 solvents with varying polarities. Gelation was observed mainly in aromatic solvents, which is characteristic for bile-acid-based low molecular weight gelators. Out of 108 bile acid-solvent combinations, a total of 44 gel systems were formed, 28 of which from lithocholic acid derivatives, only two from deoxycholic acid derivatives, and 14 from cholic acid derivatives. The majority of the gel systems were formed from bile acids with hexyl side chains, contrary to the cyclohexyl group, which seems to be a poor gelation moiety. These results indicate that the spatial demand of the side chain is the key feature for the gelation properties of the bile acid amides.

2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(93): 12464-12467, 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734592

RESUMO

New 1-2 nm macrocyclic iodine(I) complexes prepared VIA a simple ligand exchange reaction manifest rigid 0.5-1 nm cavities that bind the hexafluorophosphate anion in the gas phase. The size of the cavities and the electrostatic interactions with the iodine(I) cations influence the anion binding properties of these macrocyclic complexes.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719915

RESUMO

The aggregation process of a series of mono- and dinuclear gold(I) complexes containing a 4-ethynylaniline ligand and a phosphane at the second coordination position (PR3-Au-C≡CC6H4-NH2, complexes 1-5, and (diphos)(Au-C≡CC6H4-NH2)2, complexes 6-8), whose biological activity was previously studied by us, has been carefully analyzed through absorption, emission, and NMR spectroscopy, together with dynamic light scattering and small-angle X-ray scattering. These experiments allow us to retrieve information about how the compounds enter the cells. It was observed that all compounds present aggregation in fresh solutions, before biological treatment, and thus they must be entering the cells as aggregates. Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry measurements showed that mononuclear complexes are mainly found in the cytosolic fraction; the dinuclear complexes are mainly found in a subsequent fraction composed of nuclei and cytoskeleton. Additionally, dinuclear complex 8 affects the actin aggregation to a larger extent, suggesting a cooperative effect of dinuclear compounds.

5.
Chemistry ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34605571

RESUMO

The synthesis of iodine(I) complexes with either benzoimidazole or carbazole-derived sp2 N-containing Lewis bases is described, as well as their corresponding silver(I) complexes. The addition of elemental iodine to the linear two-coordinate Ag(I) complexes produces iodine(I) complexes with a three-center four-electron (3c-4e) [N-I-N]+ bond. The 1 H and 1 H-15 N HMBC NMR studies unambiguously confirm the formation of the complexes in all cases via the [N-Ag-N]+ →[N-I-N]+ cation exchange, with the 15 N NMR chemical shift change between 94 to 111 ppm when compared to the free ligand. The single crystal X-ray crystallographic studies on eight I+ complexes revealed highly symmetrical [N-I-N]+ bonds with I-N bond distances of 2.21-2.26 Šand N-I-N angles of 177-180°, whilst some of the corresponding Ag+ complexes showed a clear deviation from linearity with N-Ag-N angles of ca. 150° and Ag-N bond distances of 2.09-2.18 Å.

6.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(43): 9470-9475, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34708226

RESUMO

TBS-protected or NH-sulfonimidamides react with ß-alkoxyvinyl trifluoromethylketones under solvent-free mechanochemical conditions to give 3-trifluoromethyl-substituted three-dimensional 1,2,6-thiadiazine 1-oxides. C4-Functionalized products can be obtained by starting from cyclic enones and brominations of the initially formed heterocycles. The stability of the products was investigated by varying the pH value and storage under aerobic conditions.

7.
Dalton Trans ; 50(42): 14990-14993, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671792

RESUMO

Four bis(O-I-N) compounds have been synthesised from various dihypoiodites and 4-ethylpyridine. The compounds were characterised in both the solution and solid states by NMR spectroscopy (1H, 15N), X-ray diffraction, and computational calculations.

8.
Org Lett ; 23(21): 8287-8290, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636567

RESUMO

Upon treatment with Cs2CO3, S-methyl-N-ynonylsulfoximines undergo 5-exo-dig cyclizations to give three-dimensional heterocycles. The reactions proceed at ambient temperature with a wide range of substrates affording the corresponding products in good to excellent yields.

9.
J Org Chem ; 86(20): 14213-14222, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405999

RESUMO

A mechanochemical van Leusen pyrrole synthesis with a base leads to 3,4-disubstitued pyrroles in moderate to excellent yields. The developed protocol is compatible with a range of electron-withdrawing groups and can also be applied to the synthesis of oxazoles. Attempts to mechanochemically convert the resulting pyrroles into porphyrins proved to be difficult.

10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(38): 20739-20743, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268851

RESUMO

Neutral halogen-bonded O-I-N complexes were prepared from in situ formed carbonyl hypoiodites and aromatic organic bases. The carbonyl hypoiodites have a strongly polarized iodine atom with larger σ-holes than any known uncharged halogen bond donor. Modulating the Lewis basicity of the selected pyridine derivatives and carboxylates leads to halogen-bonded complexes where the classical O-I⋅⋅⋅N halogen bond transforms more into a halogen-bonded COO- ⋅⋅⋅I-N+ ion-pair (salt) with an asymmetric O-I-N moiety. X-ray analyses, NMR studies, and calculations reveal the halogen bonding geometries of the carbonyl hypoiodite-based O-I-N complexes, confirming that in the solid-state the iodine atom is much closer to the N-atom of the pyridine derivatives than its original position at the carboxylate O-atom.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 50(27): 9372-9375, 2021 Jul 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34124723

RESUMO

A series of compressed M[Li313Ti2] (M = Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) and expanded helicates M4[13Ti2] has been obtained. The helicates Li3[M13Ti2] or M4[13Ti2] with M = Na+, K+, Rb+, or Cs+ adopt the expanded structure in solution. By crystallization the compressed structures M[Li313Ti2] (M = Na, Rb) are obtained. This represents an example of cation-translocation based isomerism.

12.
Dalton Trans ; 50(24): 8297-8301, 2021 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096945

RESUMO

Iodonium complexes incorporating tertiary amines have been synthesised to study and explore why such species comprised of alkyl amines are relatively rare. The complexes were characterised in solution (1H and 15N NMR spectroscopy) and the solid state (SCXRD), and analysed computationally.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 50(26): 9010-9015, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180936

RESUMO

A self-assembled metallobox from copper(ii) and two macrocycles containing 1H-pyrazole ligands has been prepared. The internal cavity of the box is able to selectively encapsulate a single chloride anion over any other halide anion.

14.
Dalton Trans ; 50(23): 8154-8166, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028483

RESUMO

The synthesis of di- and tritopic gold(i) metallaligands of the type [(Au4-py)2(µ2-diphosphane)] (diphosphane = bis(diphenylphosphanyl)isopropane or dppip (1), 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)ethane or dppe (2), 1,3-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)propane or dppp (3) and 1,4-bis(diphenylphosphanyl)butane or dppb (4)) and [(Au4-py)3(µ3-triphosphane)] (triphosphane = 1,1,1-tris(diphenylphosphanylmethyl)ethane or triphos (5) and 1,3,5-tris(diphenylphosphanyl)benzene or triphosph (6)) from [(AuCl)2(µ2-diphosphane)] or [(AuCl)3(µ3-triphosphane)] and 4-pyridylboronic acid in the presence of Cs2CO3 has been conducted. Interestingly, when [(AuCl)2(µ2-dppm)] (dppm = bis(diphenylphosphanyl)methane) was used as a starting material, the cyclic tetranuclear gold(i) compound [(Au4-py)2(CH)2{µ2-Au(PPh2)2}2] (I) was obtained instead. All the products have been characterized by IR and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and elemental analysis and in the case of 1, 3, 5 and I by X-ray crystallography, which showed the presence of aurophilic interactions in all of them. The obtained metallaligands have been used as building blocks in self-assembly reactions with cis-blocked palladium or platinum acceptor moieties producing [2 + 2] metallamacrocycles or trigonal bipyramidal (TBP) [2 + 3] metallacages in good yields. The photophysical properties of both the metallaligands and the corresponding assemblies have been investigated.

15.
Front Chem ; 9: 623595, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33996740

RESUMO

Hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) and N-haloimides form two types of short (imide)X···N and X-X···N (X = Br, I) halogen bonds. Nucleophilic substitution or ligand-exchange reaction on the peripheral X of X-X···N with the chloride of N-chlorosuccinimide lead to Cl-X···N halogen-bonded complexes. The 1:1 complexation of HMTA and ICl manifests the shortest I···N halogen bond [2.272(5) Å] yet reported for an HMTA acceptor. Two halogen-bonded organic frameworks are prepared using 1:4 molar ratio of HMTA and N-bromosuccinimide, each with a distinct channel shape, one possessing oval and the other square grid. The variations in channel shapes are due to tridentate and tetradentate (imide)Br···N coordination modes of HMTA. Density Functional Theory (DFT) studies are performed to gain insights into (imide)X···N interaction strengths (ΔEint). The calculated ΔEint values for (imide)Br···N (-11.2 to -12.5 kcal/mol) are smaller than the values for (imide)I···N (-8.4 to -29.0 kcal/mol). The DFT additivity analysis of (imide)Br···N motifs demonstrates Br···N interaction strength gradually decreasing from 1:1 to 1:3 HMTA:N-bromosuccinimide complexes. Exceptionally similar charge density values ρ(r) for N-I covalent bond and I···N non-covalent bond of a (saccharin)N-I···N motif signify the covalent character for I···N halogen bonding.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(22): 8375-8380, 2021 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34033717

RESUMO

We report a remote functionalization strategy, which allows the Z-selective synthesis of silyl enol ethers of (hetero)aromatic and aliphatic ketones via Ni-catalyzed chain walking from a distant olefin site. The positional selectivity is controlled by the directionality of the chain walk and is independent of thermodynamic preferences of the resulting silyl enol ether. Our mechanistic data indicate that a Ni(I) dimer is formed under these conditions, which serves as a catalyst resting state and, upon reaction with an alkyl bromide, is converted to [Ni(II)-H] as an active chain-walking/functionalization catalyst, ultimately generating a stabilized η3-bound Ni(II) enolate as the key selectivity-controlling intermediate.

17.
Chemistry ; 27(38): 9814-9819, 2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834537

RESUMO

Based on the DFT-level-calculated molecular volume (Vmol ) of pyrrole and its liquid density, pyrrole manifests the highest liquid density coefficient LDc (defined as [Vmol ×density ×0.6023]/FW) value of 0.7. Normal liquids have LDc <0.63. This very high LDc is due to the strong N-H⋅⋅⋅π interactions in solution, and hence pyrrole can be considered to be a pseudo-crystalline liquid. When trapped inside the confined space of a crystalline sponge, a reorientation of the N-H⋅⋅⋅π interaction is observed leading to specific cyclic N-H⋅⋅⋅π tetramers and N-H⋅⋅⋅π dimers, as verified by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic and computational methods. These tetramers are of the same size as four pyrrole molecules in the solid-state of pyrrole, yet the cyclic N-H⋅⋅⋅π intermolecular interactions are circularly oriented instead of being in the linear zigzag structure found in the X-ray structure of a solid pyrrole. The confinement thus acts as an external driving force for tetramer formation.


Assuntos
Pirróis , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Moleculares
18.
Org Lett ; 23(9): 3415-3420, 2021 05 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830781

RESUMO

Upon application of a multicomponent Petasis reaction, a broad range of NH-sulfoximines and boronic acids react with glyoxalic acid to afford the corresponding 2-substituted acetic acids with N-bound sulfoximidoyl groups. The protocol features excellent yields under ambient, metal-free conditions and short reaction times. Furthermore, the applicability of 2-sulfoximidoyl acetic acids as building blocks for synthesizing sulfoximine-based benzodiazepine analogues was demonstrated.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(41): 5094-5097, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899860

RESUMO

The generality of nucleophilic iodonium interactions (NIIs) has been demonstrated by preparing a range of silver(i) and iodonium (I+) complexes and studying their 15N NMR chemical shifts, with the first example of a NII-complex involving a 2-coordinate silver(i) complex being confirmed by X-ray crystallography, and its nucleophilicity studied by DFT calculations.

20.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(12): 2784-2793, 2021 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33704342

RESUMO

Unlike the closely related and widely investigated amidino-substituted benzimidazoles and benzothiazoles with a range of demonstrated biological activities, the matching benzoxazole analogues still remain a largely understudied and not systematically evaluated class of compounds. To address this challenge, we utilized the Pinner reaction to convert isomeric cyano-substituted 2-aminophenols into their amidine derivatives, which were isolated as hydrochlorides and/or zwitterions, and whose structure was confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The key step during the Pinner synthesis of the crucial carboximidate intermediates was characterized through mechanistic DFT calculations, with the obtained kinetic and thermodynamic parameters indicating full agreement with the experimental observations. The obtained amidines were subjected to a condensation reaction with aryl carboxylic acids that allowed the synthesis of a new library of 5- and 6-amidino substituted 2-arylbenzoxazoles. Their antiproliferative features against four human tumour cell lines (SW620, HepG2, CFPAC-1, HeLa) revealed sub-micromolar activities on SW620 for several cyclic amidino 2-naphthyl benzoxazoles, thus demonstrating the usefulness of the proposed synthetic strategy and promoting amidino substituted 2-aminophenols as important building blocks towards biologically active systems.


Assuntos
Amidinas/farmacologia , Aminofenóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoxazóis/farmacologia , Amidinas/química , Aminofenóis/química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzoxazóis/síntese química , Benzoxazóis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular
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