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1.
Cureus ; 15(10): e46379, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37927702

RESUMO

Vitamin C deficiency, otherwise known as scurvy, is a rare diagnosis among populations with adequate nutritional resources. We present a 37-year-old female patient with bilateral lower extremity edema, episodic anasarca, petechiae, and easy bruising who was diagnosed with scurvy. Given the clinical presentation, a broad differential was investigated with no findings suggestive of hematologic or cardiovascular pathology. Initial laboratory studies were unremarkable. Progression of cutaneous symptoms and subsequent laboratory findings demonstrating low vitamin C levels supported a diagnosis of scurvy. Classical symptoms of scurvy include mucocutaneous petechiae, poor wound healing, ecchymosis, hyperkeratosis, corkscrew hair, gingival swelling, and bleeding gums. Following standard enteral supplementation of vitamin C, repeat vitamin C levels failed to adequately respond with the patient remaining to be symptomatic. Given a lack of insufficient nutritional intake or known systemic illness, gastrointestinal malabsorptive etiology was suspected. Though rare in the United States, scurvy should be considered in patients with manifestations of a bleeding disorder. A gastrointestinal workup may be indicated if other nutritional deficiencies are identified, or a source of inadequate intake cannot be established.

2.
J Arthroplasty ; 38(11): 2324-2327.e4, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37286057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 700,000 people in the United States undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) each year. Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) affects 5% to 30% of adults, sometimes resulting in leg ulceration. These CVI cases in TKAs have been associated with worse outcomes; however, we found no study differentiating CVI severity. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed TKA outcomes at one institution from 2011 to 2021 using patient-specific codes. Analyses included short-term complications (< 90 days postoperative), long-term complications (< 2 years), and CVI status (yes/no; simple/complex/unclassified). Complex CVI consisted of pain, ulceration, inflammation, and/or other complications. Revisions within 2 years and readmissions within 90 days post-TKA were assessed. Composite complications included short-term and long-term complications, revisions, and readmissions. Multivariable logistic regressions predicted complication (any/long/short) as a function of CVI status (yes/no; simple/complex) and potential confounding variables. Of 7,665 patients, 741 (9.7%) had CVI. Among CVI patients, 247 (33.3%) had simple CVI, 233 (31.4%) had complex CVI, and 261 (35.2%) had unclassified CVI. RESULTS: There was no difference in CVI versus control in composite complications (P = .722), short-term complications (P = .786), long-term complications (P = .15), revisions (P = .964), or readmissions (P = .438) postadjustment. Composite complication rates were 14.0% without CVI, 16.7% with complex CVI, and 9.3% with simple CVI. Complication rates differed between simple and complex CVI (P = .035). CONCLUSION: Overall, CVI did not affect postoperative complications versus control. Patients who have complex CVI are at higher risk for post-TKA complications compared to those who have simple CVI.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Insuficiência Venosa , Adulto , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Insuficiência Venosa/complicações , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34637407

RESUMO

CASE: We present a rare case of diffuse skeletal fluorosis in a 56-year-old man with a history of inhalation and topical abuse of aerosolized dust cleaner containing difluoroethane and prior industrial exposure to chlorofluorocarbon-rich organic solvent cleaners. This patient had diffuse osteosclerotic bone disease on radiographs that elicited concern for a potentially aggressive physiologic or pathologic process, until increased fluoremia was identified as the cause. Management was conservative with removal of the causative agent. CONCLUSION: Skeletal fluorosis is an osteosclerotic bone disease caused by excessive ingestion of fluoride. Although this pathology is endemic in some parts of the world where drinking water contains high levels of fluoride, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis for patients with characteristic radiographic findings and a history of inhalant abuse. Chronic exposure to chlorofluorocarbon-rich products should also be considered.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas , Água Potável , Abuso de Inalantes , Osteosclerose , Fluoretos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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