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1.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 66: 152434, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: There is little to no data about the presentation and clinical course of anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene-5 antibody (anti-MDA-5) dermatomyositis in a primarily U.S. Hispanic population. We describe the clinical course of anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis in our majority Hispanic population. METHODS: This is a multicenter, retrospective case series of anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis. Patients diagnosed with anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis from June 2015 to March 2023 at four medical centers in Los Angeles, California, were included. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's chi-squared, Fisher's exact, Wilcoxon rank sum, and Kruskal-Wallis tests were performed as applicable. RESULTS: Thirty anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis patients were included. Twenty-two (73 %) were Hispanic. Twenty-one patients (70 %) were female, with a median age of 40.5 years. Hispanic patients were diagnosed with anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis at a younger age than non-Hispanic patients (p = 0.025). Inflammatory arthritis was prominent; more males were affected than females (p = 0.027). Thirteen patients (43 %) were amyopathic. Twenty-five patients (83.3 %) had evidence of interstitial lung disease (ILD), and a higher ferritin level was associated with ILD (p = 0.049). There were six deaths (20 %); five (17 %) were ascribed to rapidly progressive ILD. CONCLUSION: ILD was the most common presentation of anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis in our cohort and was associated with higher ferritin levels. Hispanic patients had a younger age of diagnosis than non-Hispanic patients. Necrotic skin lesions and inflammatory arthritis were frequently seen. This is the first study looking at clinical phenotypes and outcomes of anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis in a primarily Hispanic U.S. POPULATION: Future studies are needed to better understand the clinical manifestations (to promptly recognize and treat) of this population of anti-MDA-5 dermatomyositis.

2.
Lupus Sci Med ; 11(1)2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382933

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Management of reproductive health-related issues is crucial for patients with SLE, given this is a disease that primarily affects women of childbearing age. Little is known as to how the 2020 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Reproductive Health in Rheumatic Disease Guideline is experienced by an underserved, primarily Hispanic population and their physicians as it relates to pregnancy planning and contraception conversations. Given this population experiences high rates of unplanned pregnancies and worse SLE outcomes compared with the non-Hispanic white population, it is crucial to understand how reproductive health is discussed in this setting. METHODS: A survey based on the 2020 ACR Reproductive Health Guideline was created and distributed in English and Spanish in the outpatient setting to 151 patients with SLE to determine patients' beliefs, experiences and limitations with reproductive health discussions. Associations between categorical variables were evaluated using Pearson's χ2 or Fisher's exact test, as appropriate, and differences in continuous variables were assessed using Wilcoxon rank-sum test. RESULTS: English language survey respondents were significantly more likely to report having conversations regarding contraception, pregnancy planning and peripartum medication use than the Spanish survey respondents. Two-thirds of all respondents relied on the rheumatologist as a top source of reproductive health information. CONCLUSION: Disparities exist regarding reproductive health conversations on multiple topics between English-speaking and Spanish-speaking populations with SLE. Further understanding is needed to clarify why reproductive health conversations occur at lower frequencies in Spanish-speaking SLE populations.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Estados Unidos , Saúde Reprodutiva , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Reumatologistas
3.
Laryngoscope ; 2024 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390693

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tracheal resection (TR) and cricotracheal resection (CTR) are performed for patients with airway stenosis, tracheal tumor, and tracheoesophageal fistula. Post-operative complications include airway edema requiring reintubation, hematoma, anastomotic dehiscence, restenosis, and death. Although these complications and associated risk factors have been well described, the time where clinical suspicion should be highest post operatively has not been characterized. METHODS: Patients who underwent TR or CTR at a single center between 2015 and 2022 were reviewed. Variables including demographics and comorbidities were recorded. Rate, nature, and time in days of post-operative complications were evaluated. RESULTS: Sixty-nine cases were reviewed. Average patient age was 46.8 years old and 63.8% were male. The average follow-up period was 625 ± 724 days. 19 (27.5%) patients experienced one or more major complications including four (5.8%) who died. Eight (11.6%) patients required reintubation and 4 (5.8%) patients underwent revision tracheostomy. Most complications occurred within 8 days of surgery. Restenosis was noted an average of 42.6 days after surgery, with no new restenosis occurring after 3 months. CONCLUSIONS: In this single-center study, most post-operative complications after TR or CTR, including hematoma and anastomotic dehiscence, occurred within 8 days post-operatively. Restenosis was noted approximately 1-3 months after surgery. This may inform clinical decision-making regarding patient monitoring and surveillance after open airway surgery. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4 Laryngoscope, 2024.

5.
J Sex Med ; 21(2): 117-121, 2024 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38128068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: While female urologists are known to publish at less frequency than their male peers, The Journal of Sexual Medicine was reported to have among the highest growth in female authorship from 2002 to 2020 in urology journals. AIM: We sought to assess the frequency of female authorship in sexual medicine journals worldwide and the factors that affect this, including the blinded/unblinded review process. METHODS: Eleven sexual medicine journals were assessed for geographic location, peer review method, and SCImago Journal Rank citation index (a metric of citation frequency and prestige). Journals were grouped into top, middle, and bottom quartiles based on metric score. Web of Science was used to access the publications' first, second, last, and corresponding authors from the past 5 years. An internet search or Gender-API.com was used to determine the gender identities of authors. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were performed. OUTCOMES: Outcomes included the likelihood of female authorship (first, second, last, and corresponding) based on journal location and ranking, the clustering of female authors, the journal's peer review process, and the frequency of female editorial board members. RESULTS: Overall, 8938 publications were identified. Women represented 30.7%, 31.3%, 21.3%, and 18.7% of the first, second, last, and corresponding authors, respectively; gender was unable to be assessed for 2.6%, 17.2%, 7.3%, and 2.7%. On univariate analysis, journals from North America, in the top quartile, and with a double-blind review process were more likely to have female authors (P < .001). On multivariate analysis, articles were more likely to have a female first author if they had a double-blind peer review process (odds ratio [OR], 1.20; 95% CI, 1.02-1.40), a female second author (OR, 2.54; 95% CI, 2.26-2.85), or a female corresponding author (OR, 7.80; 95% CI, 6.69-9.10). CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Gender-concordant mentoring and universal double-blind manuscript review processes may minimize the impact of gender bias and increase female authorship rates, in turn producing more diverse research. STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS: This is the first study assessing female authorship in sexual medicine journals. Limitations include not assessing every author listed on articles and being unable to determine gender identities for some authors. CONCLUSION: Female authorship rates are higher than reported rates of practicing female urologists but still lower than their male peers. Female authors were more likely to be published in journals with double-blind peer review processes and when publishing with additional female authors.


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Urologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoria , Sexismo , Urologistas , Revisão por Pares
6.
Eye Contact Lens ; 49(10): 422-427, 2023 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37498983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the average scleral lens replacement period at a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: Patients were identified retrospectively through electronic medical records. Inclusion criteria included scleral lens patients treated at the USC Department of Ophthalmology who had reordered a scleral lens at least once in one eye. Lens order histories were evaluated, and statistical analysis included a multivariable, mixed-methods, linear, regression model. RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-one patients (120 men and 131 women; average age 57.1±17.4 years, range 9-93 years) and a total of 445 eyes (227 OD, 218 OS; 199 irregular corneas, 246 ocular surface disease) were included. The average replacement period for a scleral lens was 23.9±14.3 months (range 5-2,617 days). Patients with greater scleral lens experience had a statistically significant increase in their average scleral lens replacement period; for every one year of additional experience wearing scleral lenses, average replacement period increased by 30.7 days ( P =0.001). There was no statistically significant correlation between average scleral lens replacement period and sex, diagnosis, prior outside scleral lens treatment, lens brand, or lens diameter. CONCLUSION: The average scleral lens replacement period in this patient cohort at a tertiary care hospital was 23.9±14.3 months (1.99±1.19 years). Further studies are needed to better understand the impact of scleral lens age on ocular health and vision. Certainly, proper scleral lens training and education are essential to ensure optimal lens condition and treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Lentes de Contato , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Acuidade Visual , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Esclera , Ajuste de Prótese
7.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 75(10): 2207-2214, 2023 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37038969

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To obtain descriptive data on the beliefs, behaviors, and openness regarding dietary changes for rheumatic diseases in an urban US Hispanic patient population with rheumatic disease as foundational data for future intervention design. METHODS: We distributed a voluntary survey to our primarily Hispanic population at an outpatient rheumatology clinic for 19 weeks. This survey queried individuals' behaviors as they related to dietary intake used for the treatment of rheumatic disease, perceptions of the effect of food groups on rheumatic disease activity, barriers to physician-recommended diets, and willingness to try future interventions. We used descriptive statistics and Pearson's chi-square test to evaluate associations. RESULTS: More than 40% of survey respondents from our primarily (88%) Hispanic population noted a link between what they ate and their underlying rheumatic disease activity. More than one-third of patients had, at some point, modified dietary intake to affect their rheumatic disease. Vegetables, fruit, and white meats were commonly reported to improve disease, while red meat and processed foods were reported to worsen disease. Barriers to following a prespecified diet included cost and lack of knowledge. More than 70% of respondents indicated willingness to attempt certain eating patterns should it help their underlying rheumatic disease. CONCLUSION: In this primarily Hispanic rheumatic disease patient population, many have not only noted a correlation between dietary intake and rheumatic disease activity but are also open to future nutrition-related interventions. As this population experiences poor rheumatic disease outcomes and a high rate of lifestyle-related comorbidities, an intervention to optimize healthy eating patterns would likely be beneficial as well as acceptable.


Assuntos
Dieta , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Doenças Reumáticas , Humanos , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Comportamento Alimentar , Hispânico ou Latino , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Verduras
9.
Transpl Immunol ; 76: 101769, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36464218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection significantly impacts the morbidity and mortality of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). Despite monitoring and pharmacologic prophylaxis with drugs such as valganciclovir or ganciclovir, rates of early CMV reactivation have continually persisted, contributing to increased rates of morbidity and mortality in allogeneic-HSCT patients. This study evaluates the outcomes of letermovir in preventing CMV reactivation and CMV-related complications in HSCT recipients with initiation of therapy at +21 days in high-risk patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed adult patients at University of Southern California (USC) Norris Cancer Hospital who received allogeneic-HSCT from 2018 to 2020 with subsequent serial CMV monitoring and treatment. CMV reactivation was determined in patients if they had clinically significant serum CMV viremia (viremia requiring treatment) or organ involvement by day+100. Primary endpoint assessed was day+100 rates of CMV reactivation. Secondary end-points included 1-year OS, 1-year RFS, and incidence of GVHD. Descriptive statistics were used to compare characteristics between groups used in this study, with a significance level of α = 0.05. RESULTS: Between 2018 and 2020, 116 adult HSCT recipients were reviewed. 51% were male and 49% were female; donor sources consisted of 27% match related donor (MRD) 28% match-unrelated donor (MUD), and 45% haploidentical donor. Of the 116 patients, 92 were identified as high-risk for CMV reactivation. 71 patients received letermovir prophylaxis, and 21 patients received no prophylaxis. In high-risk patients, after adjusting for GVHD status and transplant type, patients that received letermovir had no statistically significant difference of having D + 100 CMV reactivation compared to patients that did not receive letermovir. 1.02 (95% CI: 0.35, 3.20) (p = 0.97). Moreover, there were no statistically significant difference observed between letermovir treatment and 1-year OS, 1-year RFS, and incidence of GVHD. CONCLUSION: Patients in the high-risk letermovir group had outcomes that were comparable to the lower risk "non-letermovir" group. There was no significant difference in CMV D + 100 reactivation between high-risk patients who did not receive letermovir compared to the patients who did. While other studies have shown that early initiation of letermovir may be associated with improved outcomes, our study shows that the use of letermovir with initiation at 21 days may not necessarily translate to improved secondary outcomes such as overall survival. Further prospective studies evaluating the time of initiating therapy and outcomes are needed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Citomegalovirus , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Viremia/etiologia , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Doadores não Relacionados , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T , Antivirais/uso terapêutico
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