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1.
Indian J Tuberc ; 71(2): 179-184, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Incidence of Tuberculosis (TB) cases in India reported in 2019 is 193 per 1 lakh population [National Tuberculosis Elimination Plan (NTEP)]. In India, annual extra pulmonary TB burden is 20-25%, of which 4% of cases are of urogenital origin (Revised National TB Control Programme, 2019; World Health Organization, 2019). The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has made a target of eliminating tuberculosis by 2025 under the NTEP by the process of identification, notification and treatment of cases. Tuberculosis being a leading cause of infertility in developing countries, employing best clinical practices and being "TB-minded" will also save the patient of enormous anxiety and uncertainity and also decrease the time gap between clinical presentation and diagnosis to optimize fertility outcome. METHODOLOGY: A prospective cohort study of cases presenting with unusual findings and ultimately being diagnosed as genital tuberculosis was conducted in the gynaecology OPD, AIIMS, New Delhi, from November 2020 to November 2021 (1 year). Patients were investigated judiciously, diagnosis made and followed up for their response to anti tuberculosis therapy (ATT). RESULTS: This data comprises of conglomerate of ten cases with unconventional exhibition of genital tuberculosis. 70% of the cases presented with pain lower abdomen not specifically related to menstrual cycle and often confused with IBD. Tubo ovarian mass (70%) mimicking as simple ovarian cyst, ovarian carcinoma or endometriosis was the most common clinical finding we came across.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos , Tuberculose Urogenital , Tuberculose , Humanos , Feminino , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos , Tuberculose/complicações , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Tuberculose Urogenital/complicações
2.
Virology ; 593: 110036, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432047

RESUMO

Due to the pandemic of COVID-19 and subsequent emerging of new mutant strains, there has been a worldwide hunt for therapeutic and protective agents for its inhibition. In this short communication, for the first time, we report the coal-derived carbon quantum dot (CQD) for the possible therapeutic application against SARS-CoV-2. The synthesized C1-CQD is observed to be safe towards the normal cell line at highest dose, while effectively inhibiting growth of SARS-CoV2 (>95%) with IC50 value of 5.469 µg/mL. Moreover, C1-CQD showed activity against SARS-CoV-2 infection which is comparable to known inhibitory antiviral drug i.e., Remdesivir. These novel findings indicate that coal-based CQDs have highly potent anti-viral activity and could be investigated further for developing cheap and safer alternative therapeutic strategies for inhibition of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pontos Quânticos , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Antivirais/farmacologia , Carbono , RNA Viral
3.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 31(10): 14503-14536, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38305966

RESUMO

The breathtaking economic development put a heavy toll on ecology, especially on water pollution. Efficient water resource management has a long-term influence on the sustainable development of the economy and society. Economic development and ecology preservation are tangled together, and the growth of one is not possible without the other. Deep learning (DL) is ubiquitous in autonomous driving, medical imaging, speech recognition, etc. The spectacular success of deep learning comes from its power of richer representation of data. In view of the bright prospects of DL, this review comprehensively focuses on the development of DL applications in water resources management, water environment protection, and water ecology. First, the concept and modeling steps of DL are briefly introduced, including data preparation, algorithm selection, and model evaluation. Finally, the advantages and disadvantages of commonly used algorithms are analyzed according to their structures and mechanisms, and recommendations on the selection of DL algorithms for different studies, as well as prospects for the application and development of DL in water science are proposed. This review provides references for solving a wider range of water-related problems and brings further insights into the intelligent development of water science.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Ecologia , Poluição da Água/prevenção & controle , Algoritmos , Recursos Hídricos
4.
J Hazard Mater ; 464: 132939, 2024 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37988938

RESUMO

Studies to date have mostly investigated environmental factors responsible for deterioration of historical monuments. Black crusts formed on historical monuments are considered as factor for deterioration of structures or as an indicator of environmental status of the surrounding area. Black crust formed on historical monuments has never been investigated as a health hazard. Herein, for the first time, we performed in vitro and in vivo toxicology studies of black crust formed on three culturally-rich historical monuments (Rang Ghar, Kareng Ghar, and Talatal Ghar) of the Indian subcontinent to test their toxicological effect. Black crust suspension in ultrapure water was found not to be considerably toxic to the cells upon direct short-term exposure. However, the sub-acute nasal exposure of the black crust suspension in Swiss albino mice produced lung-specific pathologies and mortality. Additionally, structural formation of the black crust along with the speciation of potentially hazardous elements (PHEs), polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs), and other metals were investigated. Overall, these results indicate the potential of black crust deposited on historical monuments as health hazard owing to the atmospheric pollution of the surroundings. However, it may be noted that black crust and its components have very low possibility of health implication unless they are disturbed without proper care.


Assuntos
Materiais de Construção , Monitoramento Ambiental , Camundongos , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Poluição Ambiental
5.
Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 12(4): 195-202, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38034107

RESUMO

Gradually increasing interest in laparoscopic surgeries has led to the advent of various lesser invasive techniques in the form of vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) and laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery. Very few studies have analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of vNOTES over LESS surgeries in hysterectomy. After a comprehensive search, full texts of relevant manuscripts were obtained to assess eligibility for recruitment. A comprehensive meta-analysis was subsequently performed to compare the outcomes of vNOTES and LESS in hysterectomy, and forest plots were constructed. Four articles were rendered for review (three retrospective cohort studies and one randomized controlled trial). Three studies showed lesser postoperative pain in vNOTES compared to LESS. In one study, postoperative vaginal pain was higher in vNOTES due to additional suture between uterine artery and vaginal wall. The meta-analysis concluded that vNOTES could be better alternative to LESS hysterectomies. However, further large multicentric randomized trials are required for the standardization of the surgical method.

6.
Cureus ; 15(10): e47686, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38021625

RESUMO

Background It has been postulated that sodium bicarbonate can reduce postoperative pain by neutralizing the acidic peritoneal environment created by carbon dioxide. It also prevents phrenic nerve damage and peritoneal irritation. The present study is a randomized controlled trial aimed at studying the effects of sodium bicarbonate in reducing postoperative pain in laparoscopic gynecological surgeries. Materials and methods This was a single-center, prospective, two-arm, double-blinded randomized control trial in which intraperitoneal irrigation with sodium bicarbonate was compared with normal saline in operative laparoscopy. Group I (intervention group) consisted of 40 patients who received intraperitoneal sodium bicarbonate, and Group II (control group) consisted of 40 patients who received normal saline. All procedures were conducted under general anesthesia. Postoperative pain scores were compared between intervention and control groups.  Results The most common indication of laparoscopy was infertility. There was no difference in the duration of surgery between the two arms (p=0.27). The mean value of the visual analog scale (VAS) score at the shoulder tip was found to be significantly reduced in the intervention group at two hours (p=0.02), four hours (p=0.0009), and 12 hours (p=0.0002) after surgery. The mean VAS score at the abdomen and port sites was also found to be significantly reduced in the intervention group in the first 24 hours after surgery (p<0.05). With the increase in the time period from surgery, the mean VAS scores decreased in both intervention and control groups.  Conclusion Intraperitoneal irrigation with sodium bicarbonate is beneficial in reducing postoperative pain in operative laparoscopy. However, multicenter randomized trials with a greater number of participants will be helpful to confirm the findings.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 15(41): 47902-47920, 2023 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37812745

RESUMO

Recently, single atom catalysts (SACs) featuring M-Nx (M = metal) active sites on carbon support have drawn considerable attention due to their promising enzyme-like catalytic properties. However, typical synthesis methods of SACs often involve energy-intensive carbonization processes. Herein, we report a facile one-pot, low-temperature, wet impregnation method to fully utilize M-N4 sites of manganese phthalocyanine (MnPc) by decorating molecular MnPc over the sheets of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP). The synthesized MnPc@GNP exhibits remarkable peroxidase-mimic catalytic activity toward the oxidation of chromogenic 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) substrate owing to the efficient utilization of atomically dispersed Mn and the high surface-to-volume ratio of the porous catalyst. A nanozyme-based colorimetric sensing probe is developed to detect important biomarker glutathione (GSH) within only 5 min in solution phase based on the ability of GSH to effectively inhibit the TMB oxidation. The high sensitivity and selectivity of the developed colorimetric assay enable us to quantitatively determine GSH concentration in different biological fluids. This work, for the first time, reports a rapid MnPc@GNP nanozyme-based colorimetric assay in the solid substrate by fabricating microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (µPADs). GSH is successfully detected on the fabricated µPADs coated with only 6.0 µg of nanozyme containing 1.6 nmol of Mn in the linear range of 0.5-10 µM with a limit of detection of 1.23 µM. This work also demonstrates the quantitative detection of GSH in mice liver tissue lysate using µPADs, which paves the way to develop µPADs for point-of-care testing.


Assuntos
Grafite , Animais , Camundongos , Grafite/química , Manganês , Microfluídica , Oxirredutases/química , Peroxidase/química , Colorimetria/métodos , Glutationa , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química
8.
Cureus ; 15(6): e40278, 2023 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37448389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Lung protective ventilation during the intraoperative period is now well established. However, the additional role of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during the intraoperative period remains uncertain in major laparoscopic gynecological surgery. The authors hypothesized that compliance-based optimum PEEP titration reduces postoperative lung atelectasis and improves outcomes. METHODS:  Patients undergoing major laparoscopic pelvic gynecological surgeries with healthy lungs were randomized to the fixed PEEP group (PEEP 5 cm H2O and recruitment maneuver {RM}) and optimum PEEP group (compliance-based PEEP and RM). Lung ultrasound and arterial blood gas analysis were performed at four time points. Modified lung ultrasound scoring was done, and the same was used as means of assessing lung aeration and the amount of lung atelectasis. Postoperative supplemental oxygen requirement and duration were also assessed and compared. RESULTS: Lung ultrasound score (LUS) 30 minutes after extubation in fixed (Group F) and optimum (Group O) PEEP groups were median (interquartile range {IQR}) 3 (2-3) versus 1 (1-2), p=0.0001. Ventilatory parameters between Group F and Group O after lung recruitment were tidal volume (mean 357 mL {SD: 35} versus 362 mL {SD: 22}, p=0.46), PEEP (median, 5 cm H2O {IQR: 5-5} versus median 16 cm H2O {IQR: 14-18}), peak airway pressure (median 26 cm H2O {IQR: 24-28} versus median 30 cm H2O {IQR: 28-32} p<0.0001), plateau pressure (median 22 cm H2O {IQR: 20-24} versus median 26 cm H2O {IQR: 24-28} p<0.0001), static compliance (32.07±8.36 mL cm H2O-1 versus 39.58±8.99 mL cm H2O-1, p=0.0002). The number of patients requiring postoperative oxygen therapy to maintain SpO2 >94% after extubation in postanesthesia care unit (PACU) was statistically significantly greater in group F (39/41 {95%} versus 30/41 {73%}, p=0.007). Median (IQR) duration of oxygenation therapy in the first 24 hours of the postoperative period between Group F and Group O differed with statistical significance, with the median (IQR) values being 25 (20-30) minutes versus 10 (0-15) minutes (p<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS:  The modified lung ultrasound score significantly differed intraoperatively between the two groups, with lower scores in the optimum PEEP group. This has reflected improved postoperative outcomes in optimum PEEP group patients, with fewer patients requiring postoperative oxygen supplementation and reduced supplemental oxygen requirement duration.

9.
Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 12(2): 90-95, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37416102

RESUMO

Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effect of local infiltration of anesthetic to the vaginal vault on postoperative pain after total laparoscopic hysterectomy. Materials and Methods: This was a single-center, randomized trial. Women assigned to laparoscopic hysterectomy were randomly divided into two groups. In the intervention group (n = 30), the vaginal cuff was infiltrated with 10 ml of bupivacaine, whereas the control group (n = 30) did not receive local anesthetic infiltration to vaginal vault. The primary outcome measure was to analyze the efficacy of bupivacaine infiltration in the study group by comparing the postoperative pain in both the groups at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 h using pain visual analog scale (VAS). The secondary outcome was to measure the need for rescue opioid analgesia. Results: Group I (intervention group) had lesser mean VAS score at 1st, 3rd, 6th, 12th, and 24 h compared to Group II (control group). There was an additional requirement of opioid analgesia for postoperative pain in Group II than in Group I, which was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Injection of local anesthetic into the vaginal cuff increased the number of women experiencing only minor pain after laparoscopic hysterectomy and decreased postoperative opioid usage and its side effects. Local anesthesia of the vaginal cuff is safe and feasible.

10.
Indian J Med Res ; 157(2&3): 183-191, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37202937

RESUMO

Background & objectives: Female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) is an important variety of extrapulmonary TB causing significant morbidity, especially infertility, in developing countries like India. The aim of this study was to evaluate the laparoscopic findings of the FGTB. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 374 cases of diagnostic laparoscopy performed on FGTB cases with infertility. All patients underwent history taking and clinical examination and endometrial sampling/biopsy for acid-fast bacilli, microscopy, culture, PCR, GeneXpert (only last 167 cases) and histopathological evidence of epithelioid granuloma. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed in all the cases to evaluate the findings of FGTB. Results: Mean age, parity, body mass index and duration of infertility were 27.5 yr, 0.29, 22.6 kg/m2 and 3.78 years, respectively. Primary infertility was found in 81 per cent and secondary infertility in 18.18 per cent of cases. Endometrial biopsy was positive for AFB microscopy in 4.8 per cent, culture in 6.4 per cent and epithelioid granuloma in 15.5 per cent. Positive peritoneal biopsy granuloma was seen in 5.88 per cent, PCR in 314 (83.95%) and GeneXpert in 31 (18.56%, out of last 167 cases) cases. Definite findings of FGTB were seen in 164 (43.86%) cases with beaded tubes (12.29%), tubercles (32.88%) and caseous nodules (14.96%). Probable findings of FGTB were seen in 210 (56.14%) cases with pelvic adhesions (23.52%), perihepatic adhesions (47.86%), shaggy areas (11.7%), pelvic adhesions (11.71%), encysted ascites (10.42%) and frozen pelvis in 3.7 per cent of cases. Interpretation & conclusions: The finding of this study suggests that laparoscopy is a useful modality to diagnose FGTB with a higher pickup rate of cases. Hence it should be included as a part of composite reference standard.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Laparoscopia , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos , Gravidez , Humanos , Feminino , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos/complicações , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Infertilidade Feminina/diagnóstico , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Granuloma
11.
ACS Omega ; 8(12): 11151-11160, 2023 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37008143

RESUMO

Coal washery rejects (CWRs) are a major byproduct produced in coal washery industries. We have chemically derived biocompatible nanodiamonds (NDs) from CWRs toward a wide range of biological applications. The average particle sizes of the derived blue-emitting NDs are found to be in the range of 2-3.5 nm. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy of the derived NDs depicts the crystalline structure with a d-spacing of 0.218 nm, which is attributed to the 100 lattice plane of a cubic diamond. The Fourier infrared spectroscopy, zeta potential, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) data revealed that the NDs are substantially functionalized with oxygen-containing functional groups. Interestingly, the CWR-derived NDs exhibit strong antiviral properties (high inhibition of 99.3% with an IC50 value of 7.664 µg/mL) and moderate antioxidant activity that widen the possibility of biomedical applications. In addition, toxicological effects of NDs on the wheatgrass seed germination and seedling growth showed minimal inhibition (<9%) at the highest tested concentration of 300.0 µg/mL. The study also provides intriguing prospects of CWRs for the creation of novel antiviral therapies.

13.
J Family Med Prim Care ; 11(9): 5556-5562, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505522

RESUMO

Background: The primary health care services in India suffer from inconsistent availability of providers, lack of quality, poor availability of medicines and diagnostics, and a poorly functioning referral linkage. A multi-pronged approach is required to address these issues. Methods: We describe here a model of electronic sub-health centers (e-SHCs) managed by trained nurses supported by a general practitioner over telemedicine. The e-SHCs are expected to meet two objectives - 1) to create a point of comprehensive primary health care delivery at an affordable cost and 2) to create a referral support system backed by information technology and physical movement. Results: The model is described in nine sections - service delivery framework, human resources, diagnostics, infrastructure, quality improvement, health management information system, materials management, financing, and branding. It is a video-based real-time (synchronous) health worker to the registered medical practitioner telemedicine facility. The model has been compared with five other telemedicine and five other tele-rehabilitation models. Conclusion: Although there are inherent challenges to operationalize this model, it also presents a unique opportunity of testing an innovative approach of providing quality primary health care at an affordable cost. The process will generate learnings for addressing the primary care health care delivery gaps in the country.

14.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 912001, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211469

RESUMO

Epithelial homeostasis is an emergent property of both physical and biochemical signals emanating from neighboring cells and across tissue. A recent study reveals that Scribble, an apico-basal polarity determinant, cooperates with α-Catenin, an adherens junction component, to regulate tissue homeostasis in the Drosophila wing imaginal disc. However, it remains to be addressed whether similar mechanisms are utilized in vertebrates. In this study, we first address how α-Catenin cooperates with Scribble to regulate epithelial homeostasis and growth in mammalian cells. Our data show that α-Catenin and Scribble interact physically in mammalian cells. We then found that both α-Catenin and Scribble are required for regulating nuclear translocation of YAP, an effector of the Hippo signaling pathway. Furthermore, ectopic Scribble suffices to suppress YAP in an α-Catenin-dependent manner. Then, to test our hypothesis that Scribble amounts impact epithelial growth, we use the Drosophila wing imaginal disc. We show that Scribble expression is complementary to Yorkie signal, the Drosophila ortholog of YAP. Ectopic expression of full-length Scribble or Scribble Leucine Rich Region (LRR):α-Catenin chimera sufficiently down-regulates Yorkie signal, leading to smaller wing size. Moreover, Scribble LRR:α-Catenin chimera rescues scribble mutant clones in the wing imaginal disc to maintain tissue homeostasis. Taken together, our studies suggest that the association of cell polarity component Scribble with α-Catenin plays a conserved role in epithelial homeostasis and growth.

15.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35407200

RESUMO

Biosensors have potentially revolutionized the biomedical field. Their portability, cost-effectiveness, and ease of operation have made the market for these biosensors to grow rapidly. Diabetes mellitus is the condition of having high glucose content in the body, and it has become one of the very common conditions that is leading to deaths worldwide. Although it still has no cure or prevention, if monitored and treated with appropriate medication, the complications can be hindered and mitigated. Glucose content in the body can be detected using various biological fluids, namely blood, sweat, urine, interstitial fluids, tears, breath, and saliva. In the past decade, there has been an influx of potential biosensor technologies for continuous glucose level estimation. This literature review provides a comprehensive update on the recent advances in the field of biofluid-based sensors for glucose level detection in terms of methods, methodology and materials used.

16.
Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 11(1): 41-46, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35310129

RESUMO

Objectives: Compare pain intensity at entry into the cervical os, during uterine distension and 15 min after the procedure, in patients undergoing diagnostic hysteroscopy with room temperature normal saline versus that with saline warmed to 38-40°C, using visual analog scale (VAS) score. Furthermore, compare the time taken and failed procedures between them. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized controlled, prospective study conducted at a Tertiary Care Center on 100 patients planned for diagnostic hysteroscopy with a 4 mm 30° hysteroscope using vaginoscopy technique. They were divided into two groups of 50 each, with control undergoing the procedure using normal saline at room temperature and the test with saline warmed to 38-40°C as distension medium. Primary outcomes were VAS at the point of entry into the internal os (T0), 1 min later (T1), and 15 min after the procedure (T15). Secondary outcomes were procedural acceptance, time taken, and failed procedures. Results: The mean VAS in the control group at T0, T1, T15 was 3.31 (1.461;‒0.870-0.245), 2.46 (1.398;‒0.539-0.498), 0.75 (0.911;‒0.379-0.338), respectively, as compared to the test group of 3.62 (1.282;‒0.870-0.245), 2.48 (1.148;‒0.540-0.498), 0.77 (0.911;‒0.379-0.379), respectively. About 73.5% of controls and 68.8% in the test group were willing to undergo the procedure again. About 93.9% of controls would recommend it further as against 93.8% among the test controls. The time taken and number of failed procedures showed no statistical difference. Conclusion: No significant difference was noted in terms of outcomes measured by warming the distension medium.

17.
Indian J Tuberc ; 69(1): 48-57, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35074151

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the hysteroscopic findings in female genital tuberculosis. DESIGN: It was a prospective study of hysteroscopic findings performed on 348 cases of female genital tuberculosis (FGTB). SETTING: It was a prospective cross-sectional study in a tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS: A total of 348 patients with infertility with FGTB on various tests. INTERVENTION: A total of 348 patients of infertility found to have FGTB on various investigations were enrolled in the study. A detailed history was taken. Clinical examination, endometrial sampling and diagnostic laparoscopy were performed was also performed in selected cases. All patients underwent hysteroscopy as part of evaluation for infertility and tuberculosis (TB) findings. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The mean age, parity, body mass index and duration of infertility was 28.2 years, 0.31,23.1kg/m2 and 3.44 years respectively. Infertility was primary in 81.03% and secondary in 18.96% cases. Diagnosis of FGTB was made by endometrial aspirate findings of positive AFB on microscopy (4.02%), positive culture (4.88%), positive PCR (83.90%), epithelioid granuloma (14.65%), positive AFB on microscopy or culture of peritoneal cytology (1.14%) or epithelioid granuloma on peritoneal biopsy (1.72%), definitive findings of TB on laparoscopy (41.95%) or probable findings of TB on laparoscopy (58.05%). Various hysteroscopic findings observed were normal findings (28.16%), pale endometrial cavity (54.31%), features of active TB (7.47%), features of chronic TB (19.54%), features of TB sequelae like obstructed ostia (both ostia in 13.79%, one ostia 14.94%, periostial fibrosis; (bilateral 4.59%, unilateral 5.17%), endometrial glands atrophy (12.35%), small shrunken cavity (6.32%), distorted cavity (5.17%), various grades of intrauterine adhesions (29.88%). Hysteroscopy in FGTB was associated with increased difficulties and complications like failed procedures, difficult visualisation, false passage and uterine perforation. CONCLUSION: Hysteroscopy is useful modality to detect endometrial TB but is associated with increased difficulty and complications.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Histeroscopia , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos/complicações , Tuberculose dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico
19.
Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther ; 11(4): 250-252, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36660328

RESUMO

Elongated ovarian ligament can lead to adnexal torsion. Several cases of ovarian torsion have been reported where the ovarian ligament was elongated, and ovarian detorsion and ovarian ligament plication were done. In our case, a young girl presented with recurrent left lower abdominal pain, especially after exercise, with normal ovaries found on ultrasound. Laparoscopy was performed given recurrent pelvic pain and found elongated left ovarian ligament with normal ovaries. Considering the possibility of recurrent torsion and detorsion of the ovary due to elongated left ovarian ligament, left ovarian ligament plication was done. The patient remained pain-free till 1 year of follow-up. No such case has been reported in the literature where the ovarian ligament plication was performed without torsion. Hence, elongated ovarian ligament could cause recurrent pelvic pain due to possible torsion, and a simple, easy procedure of ovarian ligament plication can help relieve pain.

20.
Obstet Gynecol Sci ; 65(1): 100-102, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758476

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic is a global health crisis that negatively impacts the health infrastructure by diverting resources to manage this infection. The long-term impact on the health of patients due to a lack of appropriate medical care to avoid COVID-19 infection is already visible in the mortality rates of the general population. The presence of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in the female genital tract is not clear. Bubbles produced during hysteroscopy tend to cool down to the temperature of the distension medium and then dissolve. Hence, aerosols are not produced during hysteroscopy, which is usually performed in an office setting. If anesthesia is required, conscious sedation or regional anesthesia should preferably be used to reduce aerosol production. Hence, hysteroscopy is not an aerosol-generating procedure and the risk of COVID-19 infection is low; therefore, hysteroscopy should not be ruled out in emergencies.

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