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1.
J Gerontol Nurs ; 50(4): 42-47, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569103

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adult day services (ADS) are a valuable resource for people living with Alzheimer's disease and Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (AD/ADRD) and serve a large population of late-life immigrants, often with limited English proficiency (LEP). This secondary data analysis examined potential disparities in diagnosis, dementia severity, medical complexity, and dementia-related behavioral problems in persons with AD/ADRD with LEP within the ADS setting. METHOD: The current study used data from TurboTAR, the electronic health record for ADS in California. Bivariate analyses were conducted to examine differences in clinical management for those with and without LEP. RESULTS: Of 3,053 participants included in the study, 42.3% had LEP. Participants with LEP had higher rates of emergency department use and medication mismanagement. However, due to non-standard data collection, there was a significant amount of missing data on language preference (38.1%) and race/ethnicity (46.5%). Although these findings suggest LEP may play a role in the clinical management of persons with AD/ADRD in ADS, missing data caused by lack of standardized collection compromise the results. CONCLUSION: It is essential to improve data collection practices in ADS on language, race, and ethnicity to help identify health disparities and promote equitable care for marginalized older adults. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 50(4), 42-47.].


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Idoso , Barreiras de Comunicação , Idioma , Etnicidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
2.
JMIR Form Res ; 8: e49492, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult day services (ADS) provide community-based health care for older adults with complex chronic conditions but rely on outdated methods for communicating users' health information with providers. CareMOBI, a novel mobile health (mHealth) app, was developed to address the need for a technological platform to improve bidirectional information exchange and communication between the ADS setting and providers. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the feasibility and acceptability of CareMOBI in the ADS setting. METHODS: A concurrent-triangulation mixed methods design was used, and participants were client-facing ADS staff members, including direct care workers (paid caregivers), nurses, and social workers. Interviews were conducted to describe barriers and facilitators to the adoption of the CareMOBI app. The acceptability of the app was measured using an adapted version of the Technology Acceptance Model questionnaire. Data were integrated into 4 themes as anchors of an informational matrix: ease of use, clinical value, fit within workflow, and likelihood of adoption. RESULTS: A mix of ADS staff (N=22) participated in the study. Participants reported high levels of acceptability across the 4 domains. Qualitative findings corroborated the questionnaire results; participants viewed the app as useful and were likely to implement CareMOBI in their practice. However, participants expressed a need for proper training and technical support throughout the implementation process. CONCLUSIONS: The CareMOBI app has the potential to improve care management in the ADS setting by promoting effective communication through an easy-to-use and portable method. While the integration of CareMOBI is acceptable and feasible, developing role-specific training modules and technical assistance programs is imperative for successful implementation within the ADS setting.

3.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 71(11): 3554-3565, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37736669

RESUMO

The growing number of people living with dementia (PLWD) requires a coordinated clinical response to deliver pragmatic, evidence-based interventions in frontline care settings. However, infrastructure to support such a response is lacking. Moreover, there are too few researchers conducting rigorous embedded pragmatic clinical trials (ePCTs) to make the vision of high quality, widely accessible dementia care a reality. National Institute on Aging (NIA) Imbedded Pragmatic Alzheimer's disease and Related Dementias Clinical Trials (IMPACT) Collaboratory seeks to improve the pipeline of early career researchers qualified to lead ePCTs by funding career development awards. Even with support from the Collaboratory, awardees face practical and methodological challenges to success, recently exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. We first describe the training opportunities and support network for the IMPACT CDA recipients. This report then describes the unique career development challenges faced by early-career researchers involved in ePCTs for dementia care. Topics addressed include challenges in establishing a laboratory, academic promotion, mentoring and professional development, and work-life balance. Concrete suggestions to address these challenges are offered for early-career investigators, their mentors, and their supporting institutions. While some of these challenges are faced by researchers in other fields, this report seeks to provide a roadmap for expanding the work of the IMPACT Collaboratory and initiating future efforts to recruit, train, and retain talented early-career researchers involved in ePCTs for dementia care.


Assuntos
Demência , Tutoria , Humanos , Pandemias , Mentores
5.
J Clin Nurs ; 32(15-16): 5076-5083, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37219019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between nurse burnout, missed nursing care, and care quality following the COVID-19 pandemic. BACKGROUND: Quality of care and missed nursing care can be consequences of nurse burnout. Little is known about how these factors related to nurse burnout following the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional correlational design and was conducted in 12 general hospitals across Thailand from August to October 2022. METHODS: 394 nurses providing direct nursing care to patients during the COVID-19 pandemic completed the survey. The Emotional Exhaustion (EE) subscale of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS), MISSCARE survey, and quality of care reported by nurses were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Approximately thirty-six percent of nurses had burnout following the COVID-19 pandemic. Missed nursing care was higher among nurses with burnout. Most participants reported illness/symptoms such as anxiety, fatigue, a lack of concentration, and sleeping problems. After adjusting for demographic characteristics, every additional unit of emotional exhaustion was associated with 1.61 times higher odds of missed nursing care, 3.37 times higher odds of poor quality of nurse care, and 2.62 times higher odds of poor quality of care for the overall unit. CONCLUSION: The study findings demonstrate that burnout is associated with missed nursing care and poor quality of care following the COVID-19 pandemic. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Policymakers, hospital administrators, and nurse managers should invest in strategies to reduce nurse burnout, which can increase patient safety and quality of care.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Cuidados de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem Hospitalar/psicologia , Satisfação no Emprego , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Policy Polit Nurs Pract ; 24(1): 26-35, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482692

RESUMO

In this study, we examine how full nurse practitioner (NP) practice authority affects racial and ethnic diversity of the NP workforce. Specifically, the purpose of our research is to understand the relationship between the racial and ethnic composition of the NP workforce, NP level of practice authority, and the communities they service. In this paper, we compare the ethnic and racial composition of the NP workforce to the composition of the state's population, and then observe if there are any noticeable differences in the patients served by NPs when we compare full practice authority (FPA) and non-FPA states. We also estimate how FPA affects the race and ethnicity of Medicare patients served by NPs.


Assuntos
Medicare , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde
8.
J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv ; 61(5): 35-43, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198122

RESUMO

In the current study, we conducted one-on-one interviews with primary care providers (PCPs) and family care partners (FCPs) and held focus groups with interdisciplinary adult day service center (ADSC) staff to understand the perspectives of care providers across community settings regarding early warning signs of acute illnesses in persons living with dementia (PLWD). We used content analysis to analyze qualitative data. Warning signs of acute illnesses in PLWD fell into one of five categories, including new onset changes in (a) physical functions, (b) moods or behaviors (psychological), (c) social interactions, (d) speech, or (e) appearance. FCPs (n = 11) focused on physical changes, whereas ADSC staff (n = 33) emphasized changes in speech and social interactions in addition to the other categories. Although ADSC staff and PCPs (n = 22) focused on changes in functions and moods, each group described these changes differently. ADSC staff possess rich information that can be used to identify acute changes in PLWD and describe a broader range of warning signs compared to PCPs and FCPs. FCPs may benefit from further training in distinguishing between normal disease progression and acute illness. Future research should focus on the implementation of standardized tools across community-based care providers to simplify the identification and reporting of early warning signs in PLWD. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 61(5), 35-43.].


Assuntos
Doenças Transmissíveis , Demência , Humanos , Adulto , Cuidadores/psicologia , Doença Aguda , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Demência/diagnóstico
9.
J Appl Gerontol ; 42(2): 147-159, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36165422

RESUMO

In order to reduce care partner strain and support aging in place for people living with Alzheimer's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease Related Dementias (AD/ADRD), adult day centers (ADCs) must manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). The purpose of this paper is to identify person-centered care strategies used by center staff to manage BPSD. Six focus groups with center staff (n = 31) were conducted. Data were analyzed using directed content analysis guided by Kitwood's conceptual approach to cultivating personhood in dementia care. Themes were identified and organized within Kitwood's framework. The results demonstrate that staff incorporate evidence-based person-centered approaches to AD/ADRD care that align with Kitwood's principles of comfort, attachment, inclusion, and identity. Staff individualize their approach to people with AD/ADRD within a group setting. They monitor, engage, socially stimulate, and, when needed, de-stimulate them. Centers are flexible social environments with underrecognized expertise managing BPSD using person-centered approaches.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Demência , Idoso , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Demência/terapia , Demência/psicologia , Centros-Dia de Assistência à Saúde para Adultos , Vida Independente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos
10.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 13: 21501319221144377, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571391

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: CareMOBI (Mhealth for Organizations to Bolster Interconnectedness) is a mobile application designed to facilitate information exchange between primary care providers (PCPs) and adult day centers (ADCs). A key function of CareMOBI is to synthesize information collected outside of the provider's office (ie,: in the ADC or at home) and distill the most relevant data points into an exportable clinical summary that can help inform clinical decision making by the PCP with information from outside providers who are not formally embedded within health systems. In this study, we used a qualitative approach to understand the acceptability and utility of the clinical summary template within CareMOBI. METHODS: Purposive sampling, followed by snowball sampling, was used to recruit PCPs from a variety of primary care practice settings (i.e. home-based, academic). Semi-structured interviews were conducted virtually to elicit feedback on the user-experience after interaction with a prototype template. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: Our sample (n = 10) consisted of physicians and nurse practitioners in a variety of settings. Feedback suggested that the summary template facilitates interdisciplinary, bidirectional, succinct, and relevant information exchange across care teams. The summary template effectively integrates observations and assessments from team members, centralizes them, and allows PCPs to hone in on the most salient components to inform clinical decision making for the geriatric patient. The summary gave PCPs "live texture" about what was happening outside the office and represented a significant improvement over other methodologies of information exchange. Prior to implementation into clinical practice, several refinements are necessary based on feedback including integration into the PCP's workflow. CONCLUSIONS: The template was viewed by PCPs as a concise and actionable record, in contrast to current communication which is characterized as "bloated"-containing too many pages on nonessential information. The summary could potentially save PCP's time in locating and analyzing historical data to enable rapid patient assessment and prompt more ready and informed action.


Assuntos
Médicos de Atenção Primária , Médicos , Humanos , Adulto , Idoso , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Tomada de Decisões
12.
Am J Public Health ; 112(10): 1421-1428, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103694

RESUMO

Morbidity and mortality from COVID-19 have unduly affected older adults from racial and ethnic minority groups. In this article, we highlight the experiences and vulnerabilities of diverse older adults with complex health and social needs when their access to vital, but overlooked, community-based adult day service centers (ADSCs) was abruptly cut off during a pandemic. Pandemic-related ADSC closures left vulnerable older adults and their care partners without essential daily support and services, such as health monitoring and socialization. However, the magnitude of the impact of ADSC closures on well-being, particularly among members of racial/ethnic minority groups, has yet to be measured with any form of "big data" because large-scale, nationally representative data sets consisting of participant-level information and outcomes associated with ADSC participation do not yet exist. Unmet needs of older adults resulting from pandemic-related ADSC closures are underrecognized because of a lack of systematic data collection, undermining efforts to achieve health equity. We call on ADSCs to link rigorous collection of racial and ethnic data to quality measures of access to equitable "age-friendly" care as a means of better supporting diverse community-dwelling older adults beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. (Am J Public Health. 2022;112(10):1421-1428. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2022.306968).


Assuntos
Centros-Dia de Assistência à Saúde para Adultos , COVID-19 , Equidade em Saúde , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Idoso , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/etnologia , Etnicidade , Humanos , Grupos Minoritários , Pandemias , Grupos Raciais
13.
Alzheimers Dement (N Y) ; 8(1): e12310, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35783452

RESUMO

Background: Approximately one third of adults in adult day services (ADS) centers have Alzheimer's disease (AD) and AD-related dementias (ADRD). Understanding of the impact and effectiveness of ADS on persons living with dementia (PLWD) is limited by a lack of patient and caregiver relevant outcomes (PCRO) data. We identified PCROs collected at ADS sites in states that mandate serial data collection and examined the degree to which these data align with established Dementia Care Practice Recommendations (DCPR) and PCROs used in other areas of long-term care. Methods: We conducted an item analysis of regulatory forms used by ADS. Consistent with the methodology used by the Imbedded Pragmatic AD/ADRD Clinical Trials (IMPACT) Collaboratory for PCROs collected in other long-term care settings, we created a matrix informed by DCPR. We matched each item in regulatory forms reflecting a PCRO to one of the seven DCPR domains as well as to the 53 PCROs from other long-term care sectors. Results: Ten states routinely collect outcome data in ADS. Among these, 80% assess cognitive function. All 10 states capture PLWD's ability to complete activities of daily living. Presence and frequency of behavioral symptoms were collected by 80% of states. Very few or, in some cases, none of the 10 states, collected PCROs related to care planning and coordination, education, social support, and/or family caregiver burden and support. Discussion: Lack of standardized collection of PCROs hampers researchers' understanding of ADS. The vast majority of PCROs collected center on participants' physical health; conversely, data on socialization, social support, and caregiver well-being, which are purportedly the most impactful services offered by ADS centers, are rarely collected. ADS would be well served to focus on these outcome domains as the resulting data could paint a more complete picture of the holistic impact of ADS on PLWD and their caregivers.

14.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 514, 2022 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persons living with dementia (PLWD) in adult day centers (ADCs) represent a complex and vulnerable population whose well-being is at risk based on numerous factors. Greater knowledge of the interaction between dementia, chronic conditions, and social determinants of health would enable ADCs to identify and target the use of their resources to better support clients in need of in-depth intervention. The purpose of this paper is to (a) classify PLWD in ADCs according to their level of medical complexity and (b) identify the demographic, functional, and clinical characteristics of those with the highest degree of medical complexity. METHODS: This was a secondary data analysis of 3052 clients with a dementia diagnosis from 53 ADCs across the state of California between 2012 and 2019. The most common diagnosis codes were organized into 28 disease categories to enable a latent class analysis (LCA). Chi-square test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Kruskal-Wallis tests were conducted to examine differences among latent classes with respect to clinical and functional characteristics. RESULTS: An optimal 4-class solution was chosen to reflect chronic conditions among PLWD: high medical complexity, moderate medical complexity, low medical complexity, and no medical complexity. Those in the high medical complexity were taking an average of 12.72 (+/- 6.52) medications and attending the ADC an average of 3.98 days (+/- 1.31) per week-values that exceeded any other class. They also experienced hospitalizations more than any other group (19.0%) and met requirements for the nursing facility level of care (77.4%). In addition, the group experienced the greatest frequency of bladder (57.5%) and bowel (15.7%) incontinence. CONCLUSIONS: Our results illustrate a high degree of medical complexity among PLWD in ADCs. A majority of PLWD not only have multimorbidity but are socially disadvantaged. Our results demonstrate that a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach that involves community partners such as ADCs is critically needed that addresses functional decline, loneliness, social isolation, and multimorbidity which can negatively impact PLWD.


Assuntos
Demência , Multimorbidade , Doença Crônica , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/terapia , Humanos , Análise de Classes Latentes , Cuidados Paliativos
16.
J Appl Gerontol ; 41(3): 729-735, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33985380

RESUMO

An understanding of adult day service centers' (ADC) impacts on clients' health and well-being has been hampered by a lack of large-scale data. Standardizing data collection is critical to strengthening ADC programs, demonstrating their effectiveness, and enabling them to leverage additional funding streams beyond Medicaid. We distributed an electronic survey on current data collection efforts to ADCs nationally to determine categories of data ADCs are collecting related to clients' health. In our sample (N = 248), only 32% of ADCs collected patient-level data for research and analysis-most commonly on activities of daily living, cognition, nutrition, and caregiver strain. However, validated assessment tools were used in less than 50% of the cases. ADCs are willing to collect data: More than 70% reported a willingness to participate in future studies. National studies piloting data collection protocols with uniform outcome measures are needed to advance the understanding of ADCs' capabilities and impacts.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Cuidadores , Humanos , Medicaid , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
18.
Prog Community Health Partnersh ; 15(1): 127-131, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775968

RESUMO

Adult day centers (ADCs) are essential community resources that allow frail older adults to remain in their communities. Research demonstrates that ADC staff have the capacity to leverage their culturally and socially congruent relationships with clients and caregivers, to deliver evidence-based interventions that improve health outcomes. Yet, they remain a largely overlooked neighborhood resource for older adults with complex health care needs. The National Adult Day Services Association (NADSA) created a multistakeholder work group to identify priority areas for research to enhance the quality of services offered in ADCs and the delivery of evidence-based practices to clients. This perspective piece, which presents the workgroup's findings in the form of key research priorities, is intended as practical guide for researchers seeking to align their research questions with the needs of ADCs and those they serve. In addition to identifying areas of further exploration, we discuss current studies being undertaken within the ADC setting.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Pesquisa Participativa Baseada na Comunidade , Idoso , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Pesquisadores
19.
J Gerontol Soc Work ; 64(3): 291-302, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509061

RESUMO

Adult day centers (ADCs) are nonresidential settings that support the health and social needs of vulnerable older adults. Due to ADCs' congregate nature and participants' compromised health status, many ADCs have been forced to close during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is unknown how closures have impacted service delivery at ADCs. Guided by the Resiliency Activation Framework, we (a) identified consequences resulting from closures of ADCs during the COVID-19 pandemic and (b) described factors that have enabled the ADC community to remain resilient in the wake of challenges brought on by the pandemic. We conducted 2 focus groups in California (n = 12), and individual interviews with ADC staff members (n = 8) in 7 other states. The results of a directed content analysis revealed perceived declines in physical, cognitive, and mental health of ADC users and increased caregiver strain. Access to human, social, economic, and political capital were essential for supporting ADCs in buffering the impacts of the pandemic on the older adults they serve but were not consistently available. Research is urgently needed that quantifies the impacts of the pandemic on ADC users and their caregivers to inform policy and advocacy efforts in the wake of the pandemic.


Assuntos
Centros-Dia de Assistência à Saúde para Adultos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Resiliência Psicológica , Serviço Social , California , Cuidadores/psicologia , Cognição , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Isolamento Social
20.
J Appl Gerontol ; 40(2): 179-188, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32129126

RESUMO

Adult day service centers (ADSCs) provide community-based long-term care, including meals, to racially diverse older adults, 47% of whom have dementia and consequently experience elevated nutritional risk. We examine nutritional behaviors for Chinese and Vietnamese persons living with dementia (PLWD) in ADSCs and evaluate the extent to which ADSCs provide person-centered nutritional care. Multi-stakeholder interviews were conducted. Data were coded using Dedoose and analyzed using Braun and Clarke's six-step method. The Model for the Provision of Good Nutritional Care in Dementia guided analysis. Barriers to food intake included distracting meal environment, rigid mealtimes, and excessively restrictive diets. Conversely, peer relationships, culturally tailored meals and celebrations, and consistent staff assisting with feeding benefited PLWD. ADSCs can support healthy nutritional behaviors and quality of life among PLWD through person-centered nutritional care. To optimize nutritional services, further exploration is needed with respect to the ADSC environment, users' culture and ethnicity, and liberalized diets for PLWD.


Assuntos
Demência , Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Asiático , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Estado Nutricional
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