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1.
J Hist Behav Sci ; 60(1): e22261, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37191625

RESUMO

This article provides a detailed analysis of the intellectual research project of Wilhelm Mann, one of the pioneers of experimental and educational psychology in Chile. Mann's work has been the object of so little analysis that his intellectual influences and networks are not clearly known. We analyzed 338 intratext citations from 22 works by Wilhelm Mann published during the period 1904-1915. As a result, we obtained a mapping of his cooperation networks and used a quantitative approach to study the authors who most influenced his career, among whom were William Stern, Herbert Spencer, Wilhelm Wundt, Alfred Binet, and Ernst Meumann. Mann was closely connected to the international and contemporary advances and discussions of his time, despite the lack of infrastructure and difficulties in communication. Mann was the first psychologist to develop a long-term project in Chile that aimed to measure the individualities of Chilean students and their intellectual development.


Assuntos
Cognição , Psicologia Experimental , Humanos , Chile , Psicologia Educacional , Individualidade , Publicações , Psicologia/história , Psicologia Experimental/história
2.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 58(1): 59-77, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37670086

RESUMO

The inclusion of women psychologists in arenas of academic and professional recognition has been a slow and often invisible process. This study seeks to highlight the scientific contributions of six women psychologists classified as eminent during the twentieth century (Haggbloom et al., Review of General Psychology, 6(2), 139-152, 2002) and the contexts in which they developed. Applying a historiographic and bibliometric approach, we analyzed biographical data and scientific contributions by reviewing the Web of Science, Scopus and APA PsycNet databases. The results show the broad contributions of the six psychologists to the field of psychology in the areas of experimental psychology, childhood and memory. We discuss the importance of rendering visible and overcoming the epistemic injustices to which women in psychology are subject, as well as the resistance and strategies many of them used to confront the structural limitations of this environment.


Assuntos
Psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Psicologia/história
3.
Suma psicol ; 30(1)jun. 2023.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536902

RESUMO

Introducción: el maltrato infantil es un problema global que afecta el desarrollo de los niños y las niñas, pudiendo tener consecuencias a lo largo de su vida. A pesar de la necesidad de investigar para erradicar este fenómeno, no se ha realizado una aproximación bibliométrica de sus avances recientes. Método: este estudio examinó 16 708 artículos sobre maltrato infantil indexados en la Web of Science entre 1991 y 2020 para establecer las tendencias de investigación. Resultados: el maltrato infantil es un campo activo, influenciado principalmente por Estados Unidos, Canadá y Reino Unido, y revistas de la categoría estudios de la familia, especialmente Child Abuse & Neglect. Los artículos más relevantes abordan el tema como parte de las Experiencias Adversas en la Infancia o se centran en su evaluación. Considerando los artículos más relevantes, los temas más estudiados (sujetos, investigación, maltrato y tipos de maltrato, familia y parentalidad, y trastornos) y los principales focos (maltrato, investigación, sexo, reportes y abuso sexual), es posible que el área se esté reestructurando desde la perspectiva del ecobiodesarrollo, con énfasis en el tratamiento y la prevención. Se discuten sus implicaciones teóricas y prácticas. Conclusiones: este estudio actualiza las tendencias de investigación en el campo del maltrato infantil, proporcionando un panorama comprensivo que sugiere una evolución hacia la integración de múltiples disciplinas y enfoques. Los resultados destacan la importancia de seguir investigando este problema global, así como la necesidad de evaluar las intervenciones existentes para reducir su impacto en el desarrollo de los niños y las niñas.


Introduction: Child abuse is a global problem that affects children's development and can have consequences throughout their lives. Despite the need to research to eradicate this phenomenon, there has not been a bibliometric approach to its recent advances. Method: This study examined 16,708 articles on child abuse indexed in the Web of Science between 1991 and 2020 to establish research trends. Results: Child maltreatment is an active field, mainly influenced by the USA, Canada and the UK, and journals in the family studies category, especially Child Abuse & Neglect. The most relevant articles address the topic as part of Adverse Childhood Experiences or focus on its assessment. Considering the most relevant articles, the most studied topics (subjects, research, maltreatment and types of maltreatment, family and parenting, and disorders) and the main foci (maltreatment, research, sex, reporting, and sexual abuse), it is possible that the area is being restructured under the ecobiodevelopmental perspective, with emphasis on treatment and prevention. Its theoretical and practical implications are discussed. Conclusions: This study updates research trends in the field of child maltreatment, providing a comprehensive overview that suggests an evolution toward the integration of multiple disciplines and approaches. The results highlight the importance of further research on this global problem, as well as the need to evaluate existing interventions to reduce its impact on children's development.

4.
J Appl Clin Med Phys ; 24(1): e13753, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35998153

RESUMO

High-energy accelerators are often used in oncological practice, but the information on the small-field dosimetry for the photon beams with nominal energy above 10 MV is limited. The goal of the present work was to determine the values of the output correction factor ( k Q clin , Q ref f clin , f ref $k_{{Q}_{{\rm{clin}}},{Q}_{{\rm{ref}}}}^{{f}_{{\rm{clin}}},{f}_{{\rm{ref}}}}$ ) for solid-state detectors (Diode E, PTW 60017; microDiamond, PTW 60019), EBT3 film, and ionization chambers (Semiflex, PTW 31010; Semiflex 3D, PTW 31021; PinPoint, PTW 31015; PinPoint 3D, PTW 31016) in the small fields formed by 10, 15, 18, and 20 MV photon beams. The output correction factors were calculated by Monte-Carlo method using EGSnrc toolkit for six field sizes (from 0.5 × 0.5 cm 2 $0.5 \times 0.5\ {\rm{cm}}^2$ to 10 × 10 cm 2 $10 \times 10\ {\rm{cm}}^2$ ) for isocentric and constant source-to-surface distance (SSD) techniques. The decrease in the field size led to an increase in k Q clin , Q ref f clin , f ref $k_{{Q}_{{\rm{clin}}},{Q}_{{\rm{ref}}}}^{{f}_{{\rm{clin}}},{f}_{{\rm{ref}}}}$ for ionization chambers, while for solid-state detectors and radiochromic film, k Q clin , Q ref f clin , f ref $k_{{Q}_{{\rm{clin}}},{Q}_{{\rm{ref}}}}^{{f}_{{\rm{clin}}},{f}_{{\rm{ref}}}}$ were less than unity at the smallest field size. A larger sensitive volume of ionization chamber corresponded to a stronger deviation of output correction factor from unity: 1.847 (125 mm3 PTW 31010) versus up to 1.183 (16 mm3 PTW 31016) at the smallest field of 10 MV beam. The calculated output correction factors were used to correct the output factors for PTW 60017, PTW 60019, and EBT3. The deviation of the corrected output factor from the results of Monte-Carlo simulation did not exceed 3% in the fields from 1.0 × 1.0 cm 2 $1.0 \times 1.0\ {\rm{cm}}^2$ to 4.0 × 4.0 cm 2 $4.0 \times 4.0\ {\rm{cm}}^2$ for 10 and 18 MV beams. Thus, Diode E, microDiamond, and EBT3 film can be recommended for small-field dosimetry of high-energy photons.


Assuntos
Fótons , Radiometria , Humanos , Radiometria/métodos , Simulação por Computador , Método de Monte Carlo
5.
Integr Psychol Behav Sci ; 57(1): 273-291, 2023 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35945410

RESUMO

This article aims to show how the scientific realism proposed by the philosopher Evandro Agazzi contributes to the epistemological development of social discursive psychology. To do this, the debates led by Ian Parker and John Greenwood in the early 1990s about scientific and critical realism are addressed. In this debate, the limits of naive empiricism and discursive idealism, which began to predominate in discursive social psychology, are highlighted. Evandro Agazzi's assumptions about scientific realism are then presented to account for the contributions of scientific realism to the epistemological development of discursive social psychology.


Assuntos
Conhecimento , Psicologia Social , Humanos
6.
Hist Psychol ; 26(1): 51-75, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36548087

RESUMO

One of the most important successes in the history of psychology in Chile was the foundation in 1908 of the first experimental psychology laboratory in Santiago by the German psychologist Wilhelm Mann (1974-1943). Four years later, Mann give a shift to his classical experimental psychology research to intervene in the discussions about German School Reform (1900-1920). Mann used Chile as a "testing ground" for explore the viability of student self-government published in three papers. The method used to verify the early impact of Mann's papers was the quantitative analysis of citations with Publish or Perish software using a Google Books database and Scripta Paedagogica. The reception of Mann's texts was analyzed using the context of citation and the functions and use of those citations. The three unknow Mann's papers about Student Self-Government published in 1913 and his citations. The results shows that Mann's critics and recommendations published in one of his papers was the fourth more citated in a database of 16 foundational German works of to self-student government. Finally, this Mann's article was cited and used in an ideological way to argue in favor of reactionary and conservative opinions of school democratization in German Empire teacher circles. Mann's diagnosis and critical suggestions was recognized by prominent German philosophers and pedagogues. Precisely Mann criticized the Student Republics as the only way to stimulate the student self-government for their artificial character and especially for the loss of students' psychological individuality. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2023 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Medicina na Literatura , Psicologia Experimental , Humanos , Chile
7.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 25(1): 151-182, ene.-jun. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364263

RESUMO

Resumen El objetivo de la formación doctoral es la generación y difusión de nuevo conocimiento, sin embargo, no es claro cómo los programas de doctorado en Colombia se relacionan con este tipo de producción académica. A partir de ello, en el presente estudio se presenta el panorama general de la producción académica a través de las instituciones de educación superior colombianas que ofertan programas de formación doctoral en psicología. La producción académica se obtuvo de la base de datos Scopus en una muestra de 13 universidades. Tras una búsqueda inicial, se encontraron 1345 documentos, con los cuales se realizó un análisis de los indicadores de productividad y de las redes de colaboración al interior de la disciplina en el país. Posteriormente, esta información se contrastó con la información nacional registrada en el sistema de Curriculum Vitae Latinoamericano y del Caribe (CvLAC) de 193 profesores asociados a las universidades que ofertan los programas de doctorado. Al comparar la producción académica nacional e internacional, se encontró una mayor correlación entre la dirección de tesis de posgrado y la publicación en revistas nacionales. Por lo tanto, se puede afirmar que el impacto de la formación doctoral en la generación de nuevo conocimiento es relativo y tiene un alcance limitado, siendo principalmente las revistas nacionales el medio de difusión de este conocimiento. Se recomienda evaluar el impacto de los productos asociados a la formación posgradual y la visibilidad internacional, con énfasis en las revistas indexadas en bases de datos internacionales.


Abstract The objective of doctoral training is the generation and dissemination of new knowledge; however, it is not clear how doctoral programs in Colombia relate to this type of production. Based on this, this study presents the general panorama of academic production across Colombian higher education institutions that offer doctoral training programs in psychology. The academic production was obtained from the Scopus database in a sample of 13 universities. After this search, 1345 documents were found with which an analysis was made regarding productivity indicators and the collaboration networks within the discipline in the country were identified. Subsequently, this information was contrasted with the national information registered in the Latin American and Caribbean Curriculum Vitae system (CvLAC) of 193 professors associated with the universities offering doctoral programs. As a result, when comparing national and international academic production, a greater correlation is found between the supervision of graduate theses and publication in national journals. In this sense, it is found that the impact of doctoral training on the generation of new knowledge is relative and has a limited scope, being mainly national journals the means of dissemination of this knowledge. It is recommended to evaluate the impact of products associated with postgraduate training and international visibility, with emphasis on indexed journals in international databases.

8.
Interdisciplinaria ; 38(1): 53-68, ene. 2021. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1149380

RESUMO

Resumen El estudio tuvo por objetivo realizar un análisis bibliométrico de Interdisciplinaria: Revista de Psicología y Ciencias Afines, considerando las publicaciones indizadas en la base bibliográfica Scopus (2009-2017). A partir de una muestra final de 173 artículos científicos, se realizó la descripción de la distribución de los documentos según el sexo de los autores y el idioma de la publicación, así también, se evaluó el cumplimiento de la ley de Lotka sobre la producción científica de los autores. Además, se estimaron índices de colaboración (Lawani, 1981, 1986; Subramanyam, 1983) y se visualizaron las relaciones entre los países de las instituciones de filiación de los autores firmantes. De igual forma, se describió la concentración de trabajos de acuerdo con áreas temáticas y metodologías de investigación. En los resultados se destaca una mayor presencia de mujeres en comparación con los hombres, tanto en la primera autoría como en el total de autores. Así también, se cumple con la ley de Lotka y se visualiza el incremento de trabajos colaborativos en los últimos dos trienios, lo cual se evidencia en los índices de colaboración descritos. Por otra parte, se encontró que los trabajos se concentran en áreas como la psicología educacional, metodología y psicometría. Finalmente, se observa que predominan los trabajos que siguieron metodología cuantitativa. El análisis y discusión de los resultados permite mostrar el trabajo realizado por Interdisciplinaria en los últimos años, siendo un referente para la comunicación del conocimiento científico en los países de Iberoamérica.


Abstract Scientific journals constitute the main channels of the dissemination of scientific knowledge. For this reason, in recent years, the amount of bibliometric studies aiming to elucidate the main features of published articles has increased. This allows for the understanding of investigated topics, contribution and collaboration among authors, institutions and countries involved, as well as the identification of new trends of research. In the field of psychology, the journals with the greatest impact are edited and managed in Anglo-American and Western European countries. Within the Latin American context however, there are also significant editorial efforts to publish relevant articles as in the case of Interdisciplinaria: Revista de Psicología y Ciencias Afines, considered a mainstream scientific journal that is indexed in important bibliographic databases (Scopus, WoS- Scielo Citation Index, Scielo) which have maintained the journal's validity for more than 35 years. The importance of Interdisciplinaria motivates novel research into the characteristics of the scientific articles it publishes. Therefore, this study carries out a bibliometric analysis of Interdisciplinaria, considering the publications indexed in the bibliographic database Scopus (2009-2017). First the history, current status of the journal, and the importance of the bibliometric studies are presented. Then, the process of identification, selection and registration of scientific articles published and indexed in Scopus is formally addressed. From a final sample of 173 articles, the documents were broken down according to the authors' gender and the language of the publication. Moreover, the compliance with Lotka's Law on the scientific production of the authors was evaluated. Also, the collaboration rates (Lawani, 1981, 1986; Subramanyam, 1983) were estimated and the collaborative relationships among countries of the authors' affiliations were displayed. Hence, the sampled works were categorized according to thematic areas and research methodologies. The results reveal a greater presence of women than men, both in the first authorship and in the total authors. Thus the author distribution complies with Lotka's Law. In particular, it is noted that few authors have the highest number of contributions, while many authors have the least number of contributions. With regard to collaborative work, a substantial increase appeared in the last two triennia (2012-2014 and 2015-2017). This is evident by computing the values of the Lawani and Subramanyam rates. Furthermore, the works are concentrated in areas such as educational psychology, methodology, and psychometry among others (e.g. neuropsychology, comparative psychology, environmental psychology). Finally, it was noted that contributions on quantitative methodology predominated, followed by theoretical studies. The analysis and discussion of the results allow Interdisciplinaria to be used as a reference in the communication of scientific knowledge in Latin America countries, concluding that its denomination as a journal of psychology and related sciences is fairly attributed, since it publishes studies from different fields, a number of which show the connection between psychology and other disciplines.

9.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 23(2): 188-204, jul.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124044

RESUMO

Abstract The objective of this article is the description and bibliometric analysis of the articles published in the journal Acta Colombiana de Psicología between 2015 and 2019. Their evolution and trends are analyzed to implement strategies that allow their permanent qualification regarding a) scientific quality, b) visibility, c) impact and d) geographic coverage, among others. The database included 127 scientific articles. Descriptive analyzes (frequencies and percentages) were performed and some bibliometric indices were calculated: a) productivity index, b) Lawani and Subramanyam indices and c) Pratt index. These analyzes were carried out using an Excel spreadsheet supplemented with the IBM SPSS version 23 statistical package. The most significant findings allow observing an important number of papers with international authorship (74%), high development of articles in the areas of clinical and health psychology (42.5%) and psychometry (21.3%) and an emphasis on works of a quantitative nature (87%). The journal continues making significant contributions to the development of psychology in Latin America.


Resumen El presente artículo tuvo como objetivo la descripción y el análisis bibliométrico de los artículos publicados en la revista Acta Colombiana de Psicología entre los años 2015 y 2019. Se analizó su evolución y tendencias con el fin de implementar estrategias que permitan la permanente cualificación de la revista, sobre todo en cuanto a calidad científica, visibilidad, impacto y cobertura geográfica. Para esto, se construyó una base de datos con 127 artículos científicos, con los cuales se realizaron análisis descriptivos -frecuencias y porcentajes- y se calcularon algunos índices bibliométricos -como el índice de productividad, los índices de Lawani y Subramanyam, y el índice de Pratt- mediante una planilla en Excel complementada con el paquete estadístico IBM SPSS, versión 23. Los hallazgos más significativos permiten observar un importante número de trabajos con autoría internacional (74 %), un desarrollo elevado de artículos en el área de psicología clínica y de la salud (42.5 %), así como en psicometría (21.3 %), y un énfasis de trabajos de corte cuantitativo (87 %). La revista continúa realizando aportes significativos para el desarrollo de la psicología en Hispanoamérica.

10.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(4): 459-468, nov. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-201319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study presents a bibliometric analysis of Psicothema as a commemoration for its 30 years of publishing (1989-2018). METHODS: A year-, sex-, and publication language-based analysis of the journal's characteristics was carried out based on the sample of 2,396 publications. Based on that data, Lotka's law was assessed, Lawani and Subramanyam indices and cooperation networks were estimated, the Pratt index was calculated, the concentration of papers according to thematic areas and research methods was described, and citations and impact indicators were obtained according to the original articles indexed in Web of Science (1993-2018). RESULTS: The results indicated greater participation by male authors, increased publication in English, compliance with Lotka's law, and a greater inter-institutional contribution in recent decades. There was a higher percentage of methodology/psychometrics-related work, and most of these publications used quantitative methods. The impact factor and the amount of citations reached its peak in 2018. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of Psicothema, which is a model of scientific communication of psychology in the international context, are discussed in this study


Treinta Años de la Revista Psicothema: un Análisis Bibliométrico (1989-2018). ANTECEDENTES: el estudio presenta un análisis bibliométrico de la revista Psicothema, como una forma de conmemorar sus 30 años de labor editorial (1989-2018). MÉTODO: partiendo de una muestra de 2.396 publicaciones, se realizó la descripción de sus características según el año, el sexo de los autores y el idioma de publicación; se evaluó la Ley de Lotka; se estimaron los índices (Lawani y Subramanyam) y redes de colaboración; se calculó el índice de Pratt y se describió la concentración de trabajos según áreas temáticas y métodos de investigación; y, considerando los artículos originales indizados en Web of Science (1993-2018), se obtuvieron indicadores de citación e impacto. RESULTADOS: se encontró una mayor participación de autores hombres, el incremento de publicaciones en inglés, el cumplimiento de la Ley de Lotka y una mayor colaboración interinstitucional en las últimas décadas. Además, se encontró un mayor porcentaje de trabajos en Metodología-Psicometría y la mayoría de las publicaciones utilizaron métodos cuantitativos. Asimismo, se halló que el factor de impacto y la cantidad de citaciones obtuvieron sus valores más altos en el 2018. CONCLUSIONES: se discuten las características de una revista que es un referente de la comunicación científica en psicología en el contexto internacional


Assuntos
Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Bibliometria , Cooperação Técnica , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Psicothema ; 32(4): 459-468, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073751

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study presents a bibliometric analysis of Psicothema as a commemoration for its 30 years of publishing (1989-2018). METHODS: A year-, sex-, and publication language-based analysis of the journal's characteristics was carried out based on the sample of 2,396 publications. Based on that data, Lotka's law was assessed, Lawani and Subramanyam indices and cooperation networks were estimated, the Pratt index was calculated, the concentration of papers according to thematic areas and research methods was described, and citations and impact indicators were obtained according to the original articles indexed in Web of Science (1993-2018). RESULTS: The results indicated greater participation by male authors, increased publication in English, compliance with Lotka's law, and a greater inter-institutional contribution in recent decades. There was a higher percentage of methodology/psychometrics-related work, and most of these publications used quantitative methods. The impact factor and the amount of citations reached its peak in 2018. CONCLUSION: The characteristics of Psicothema, which is a model of scientific communication of psychology in the international context, are discussed in this study.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Editoração , Humanos , Masculino
12.
Rev Med Chil ; 148(3): 387-392, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730384

RESUMO

This article analyzes some publications of Ernestina Pérez Barahona (1865-1951), the second Chilean and Latin American female physician. It exposes her concern for the public health and, more precisely, for the problem of the Chilean race. She constantly refers to hygiene in her conferences, articles and books published between 1887 and 1920. Thus, the aim of this review is to recover her production and to inform the readers about her intervention as a medical professional.


Assuntos
Higiene , Médicas , Livros , Chile , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Médicas/história , Saúde Pública
13.
Nucleus (La Habana) ; (67): 6-13, ene.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143353

RESUMO

Resumen El Centro de Protección e Higiene de las Radiaciones fue fundado en 1985 para sustentar la aplicación segura de las tecnologías nucleares en Cuba. En la actualidad la institución es considerada como una referencia nacional y regional en materia de seguridad radiológica, gracias a una sólida estrategia institucional que aporta de manera sostenida soluciones a problemas prioritarios del país. Este trabajo presenta una reseña de los principales resultados del centro hasta la fecha.


Abstract The Center for Radiation Protection and Hygiene was founded in 1985 to support the safe application of nuclear technologies in Cuba. Nowdays, the institution is considered as a national and regional reference for radiation protection , thanks to the comprehensive institutional strategy that support the solutions of the problems with priority in the country. The paper presents the overview about the main results of the center up today.

14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(3): 387-392, mar. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115803

RESUMO

This article analyzes some publications of Ernestina Pérez Barahona (1865-1951), the second Chilean and Latin American female physician. It exposes her concern for the public health and, more precisely, for the problem of the Chilean race. She constantly refers to hygiene in her conferences, articles and books published between 1887 and 1920. Thus, the aim of this review is to recover her production and to inform the readers about her intervention as a medical professional.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Médicas/história , Higiene , Livros , Chile , Saúde Pública
15.
Rev chil anest ; 49(3): 408-415, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1510867

RESUMO

The new coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has spread to 180 countries, causing more than half a million confirmed cases and more than 40 thousand deaths. The main objective of this study was to analyze the world scientific production related to COVID-19. A literature search was performed using the Scopus database. A total of 547 published documents were identified, analyzing characteristics such as: type of publication, collaboration index, most productive countries, scientific journals, the institutions that are publishing the most on the subject and indicators of citations and impact. China was ranked first with 213 published documents (20.9%). Regarding the journals with the higher number of published documents, these were , and the . Likewise, was identified as the institution presenting the highest leadership regarding the number of publications. The total number of citations for all the publications was of 1.685. The h-index of the retrieved articles was of 42, and four articles were found with more than 100 quotations. This study offers a first approach to the global efforts aimed to this new area of research, which in only three months has substantially increased, and is expected to remain being prolific.


La pandemia del nuevo coronavirus (COVID-19) se ha extendido a 180 países, ocasionando más de medio millón de casos confirmados y más de 40.000 muertes. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue analizar la producción científica mundial relacionada con el COVID-19. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica utilizando la base de datos Scopus. Se identificaron un total de 547 documentos publicados, analizándose características tales como: modalidad de publicación, los índices de colaboración, los países más productivos, las revistas científicas, las instituciones que más están publicando sobre el tema e indicadores de citación e impacto. Se identifica a China como el país que ocupa el primer lugar con 213 (20,9%) documentos publicados. Por su parte, , y el son las revistas con mayor número de documentos publicados. A su vez, se identifica a la como la institución que presenta mayor liderazgo respecto al número de publicaciones. El número total de citas de todas las publicaciones fue de 1.685, el índice h de los artículos recuperados fue de 42 y se ubican cuatro artículos con más de 100 citas. El presente estudio ofrece una primera aproximación a los esfuerzos globales dirigidos a esta nueva área de investigación, que en solo tres meses se ha incrementado de forma sustancial y que se estima continúe siendo prolífica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Bibliometria , COVID-19 , Saúde Global , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Ter. psicol ; 37(3): 317-326, dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059126

RESUMO

Resumen La psicología en tanto práctica profesional y de investigación científica no puede ni debe permanecer aislada de los contextos en los que se desarrolla. Frente a los profundos sentimientos de malestar expresados por el pueblo chileno en movilizaciones sociales desde el 18 de octubre de 2019, que responden directamente a la implementación de un modelo neoliberal desprovisto de justicia social, como psicólogas y psicólogos nos sentimos llamados a levantar los requerimientos mínimos que consideramos que nuestra disciplina debe asumir. Bajo este marco, se presenta un Manifiesto que contempla 22 puntos, construido de manera colaborativa por 13 psicólogas y psicólogos de diversas instituciones que, en una labor colectiva, lo proponen como agenda de trabajo para los próximos meses. Sabiendo que este listado no es definitivo ni exhaustivo, lo ofrecemos a la comunidad como un punto de partida para la deliberación, discusión y debate dentro de Universidades, centros de investigación, sociedades científicas y profesionales y al aparato estatal, de manera de fortalecer el rol de la psicología en la problematización y reducción las inequidades e injusticias, así como en el fomento del bienestar psicosocial.


Abstract Psychology as a professional and scientific practice should and must not remain isolated from the contexts in which it develops. Considering the deep feelings of discomfort expressed by the Chilean people during social mobilizations since October 18th, 2019, in response to the implementation for decades of a neoliberal model devoid of social justice, as psychologists we feel summoned to raise the minimum requirements we think our discipline must assume about that matter. Under these assumptions, a Manifesto is presented. It includes 22 items, which have been elaborated by 13 psychologists from several institutions that, in a collective effort, propose them as an agenda to work on in the next months. Knowing that this list is not definitive or exhaustive, we offer it to the community as a point of departure for deliberation, discussion and debate within universities, research centers, scientific and professional societies, and the state apparatus, in order to strengthen the role of psychology in the problematization and reduction of inequities and injustices, as well as in promoting psychosocial well-being.


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicologia , Justiça Social , Problemas Sociais , Sociedades , Emoções , Chile
17.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 251-266, July-Dec. 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019284

RESUMO

Abstract The analyzes carried out by Michel Foucault in the mid-1970s show the emergence of a disciplinary power in the West and the figure of the "mentally weak" in the educational field. This panorama drives the appearance of various theoretical elaborations and intervention modalities called by the author "psi function", which in the case of childhood reaches a remarkable productivity in France at the beginning of the 20th century. This article takes up these issues in order to investigate, in the case of Chile, the deployment of the psychological knowledge and practices that deal with those children who, for various reasons, fail to adapt to the rules imposed by the school system. A historiographic method was used, through the work of archiving and using primary sources with a complement of secondary sources. Among the findings, the crucial contributions of Wilhelm Mann, a German pedagogue and a pioneer figure of psychology in Chile regarding abnormal childhood at the beginning of the 20th century are analyzed. Based on this, a part of his production is explored and analyzed to illuminate the way in which Mann introduces himself into European institutional debates and models and begins to think about an intervention modality on children at the local level.


Resumo As análises realizadas por Michel Foucault até meados da década de 1970 tratam do surgimento de um poder disciplinar no ocidente e da figura do "débil mental" no contexto educativo. Esse panorama impulsiona a aparição de diversas elaborações teóricas e modalidades de intervenção denominadas pelo autor como "função psi", que, no caso da infância, alcança uma notável produtividade na França do início do século XX. O presente artigo retoma essas questões com o objetivo de indagar, no caso do Chile, o desdobramento desses saberes e práticas psicológicas que se ocupam daquelas crianças que, por diferentes motivos, não conseguem se adaptar às normas impostas pelo dispositivo escolar. Utilizou-se um método de tipo historiográfico, por meio do trabalho de arquivo e uso de fontes primárias com um complemento de fontes secundárias. Entre as descobertas, analisam-se as colaborações cruciais de Wilhelm Mann, pedagogo alemão e figura pioneira da psicologia no Chile, com respeito à infância anormal no início do século XX. Com isso, uma parte de sua produção é explorada e analisada para iluminar o modo em que Mann se introduz nos debates e nos modelos institucionais europeus e começa a pensar em uma modalidade de intervenção sobre a infância em um contexto local.


Resumen Los análisis realizados por Michel Foucault hacia mediados de la década de 1970 dan cuenta del surgimiento de un poder disciplinario en occidente y de la figura del "débil mental" en el ámbito educativo. Este panorama impulsa la aparición de diversas elaboraciones teóricas y modalidades de intervención denominadas por el autor como "función psi", que en el caso de la infancia alcanza una notable productividad en la Francia de comienzos del siglo XX. El presente artículo retoma estas cuestiones con el fin de indagar, en el caso de Chile, el despliegue de esos saberes y prácticas psicológicas que se ocupan de aquellos niños que, por motivos diversos, no logran adaptarse a las normas que impone el dispositivo escolar. Se utilizó un método de tipo historiográfico, mediante el trabajo de archivo y uso de fuentes primarias con un complemento de fuentes secundarias. Entre los hallazgos, se analizan los cruciales aportes de Wilhelm Mann, pedagogo alemán y figura pionera de la psicología en Chile, respecto de la infancia anormal a comienzos del siglo XX. Con esto, se explora y analiza una parte de su producción para iluminar el modo en que Mann se introduce en los debates y los modelos institucionales europeos y comienza a pensar una modalidad de intervención sobre la infancia a nivel local.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Psicologia Experimental , Ensino , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil , Cognição
18.
Rev. latinoam. psicol ; 51(2): 206-218, May-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094038

RESUMO

Abstract The aim of this study was to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología (RLP) journal in commemoration of its fiftieth anniversary in order to discover its evolution as a journal and its scientific production. We extracted a dataset from the Web of Science's principal collection from 1975 to 2017. This contained a total sample of 2,163 scientific documents, which were processed using Excel and SciMat programmes. The bibliometric indicators used were H-Classics, TC2, identification of the most commonly cited authors and journals, and references. We used Lotka's Law to analyse research productivity. Results showed that the content included 48.6% scientific articles and 42.1% book reviews. Spain had the highest number of articles published. Burrhus Skinner, Rubén Ardila, Rogelio Díaz Guerrero, and Albert Bandura were the most commonly cited authors. Analyses revealed certain strengths of and challenges faced by the RLP. Future research should compare these results with journals from other countries.


Resumen El objetivo de este artículo es realizar un análisis bibliométrico de la Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología (RLP) en el marco del cincuentenario de su creación con el propósito de conocer la evolución de la revista y su producción científica. Se construyó una base de datos extraída de la colección principal de la Web of Science del período 1975-2017 con una muestra total de 2.163 documentos científicos, los cuales fueron procesados con los programas Excel y SciMAT. Se aplicaron una serie de indicadores bibliométricos, tales como H-Classics, TC2, identificación de principales autores y revistas citantes, y también de las referencias. Además, se estudió la Ley de Lotka para estudiar la concentración de la productividad. En los resultados se destaca que 48.6% de los documentos son artículos científicos y 42.1% son reseñas de libros; España es el país con más artículos asociados. Finalmente, cabe destacar que los autores más referenciados son Buhrrus Skinner, Rubén Ardila, Rogelio Díaz Guerrero y Albert Bandura. El análisis permite visualizar algunas de las fortalezas y desafíos de la RLP. Sería interesante en futuros estudios realizar comparaciones con revistas de otros países.


Assuntos
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Pesquisa , Bibliometria , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
19.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(4): 499-504, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344213

RESUMO

Eloísa Díaz Insunza, the first Latin American female physician, completed her studies in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chile in 1887 and worked a large part of her life as Medical Inspector of Public Schools of Santiago, Chile. In this article, the focus is placed on her "Test Memorandum" (1886) and her first Reports to the Ministry of Public Education (1899-1905), to appreciate the hygienist perspective that characterizes her proposals. We describe her intervention project that sought to integrate medical practice with psychology and education, to solve a social problem such as the degeneration of the Chilean race.


Assuntos
Educação/história , História da Medicina , Higiene/história , Psicologia/história , Chile , Feminino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
20.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(4): 499-504, abr. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014252

RESUMO

Eloísa Díaz Insunza, the first Latin American female physician, completed her studies in Medicine and Surgery at the University of Chile in 1887 and worked a large part of her life as Medical Inspector of Public Schools of Santiago, Chile. In this article, the focus is placed on her "Test Memorandum" (1886) and her first Reports to the Ministry of Public Education (1899-1905), to appreciate the hygienist perspective that characterizes her proposals. We describe her intervention project that sought to integrate medical practice with psychology and education, to solve a social problem such as the degeneration of the Chilean race.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Psicologia/história , Higiene/história , Educação/história , História da Medicina
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