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1.
Microbiol Spectr ; 12(4): e0365423, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38385714

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida serogroup F can infect a number of animals. However, the pathogenicity and genomic features of this serogroup are still largely unknown. In the present study, the pathogenicity and genomic sequences of 19 rabbit-sourced P. multocida serogroup F isolates were determined. The 19 isolates were highly pathogenic for rabbits causing severe pathologic lesions and high mortality in inoculated rabbits. Nevertheless, the pathologic lesions in rabbits caused by the 19 isolates were distinct from those caused by the previously reported high-virulent serogroup F strains J-4103 (rabbit), P-4218 (turkey), and C21724H3km7 (chicken). Moreover, the 19 isolates were avirulent to white feather broilers. The genomes of the 19 isolates were determined to understand the pathogenicity of these isolates. The finding of a number of functional genes in the 19 isolates by comparison with the low-virulent rabbit-sourced serogroup F strain s4 might contribute to the high virulence of these isolates. Notably, polymorphisms were determined in the lipopolysaccharide outer core biosynthetic genes natC and gatF among the serogroup F strains of different hosts. However, the sequences of natC and gatF from rabbit-sourced strains (except for SD11) were identical, which might be responsible for the host specific of the 19 isolates. The observations and findings in this study would be helpful for the understanding of the pathogenicity variation and host predilection of P. multocida. IMPORTANCE: The 19 rabbit-sourced Pasteurella multocida serogroup F isolates showing high virulence to rabbits were avirulent to the broilers. Notably, polymorphisms were determined in the lipopolysaccharide outer core biosynthetic genes natC and gatF among all serogroup F strains of different hosts. However, the sequences of natC and gatF from rabbit-sourced strains (except for SD11) were identical, which might be responsible for the host specific of the 19 isolates.


Assuntos
Infecções por Pasteurella , Pasteurella multocida , Animais , Coelhos , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Infecções por Pasteurella/patologia , Sorogrupo , Galinhas , Lipopolissacarídeos , Genômica
2.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) ; 56(3): 427-439, 2024 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38327186

RESUMO

Mitochondrial homeostasis plays a pivotal role in oocyte maturation and embryonic development. Deoxyguanosine kinase (DGUOK) is a nucleoside kinase that salvages purine nucleosides in mitochondria and is critical for mitochondrial DNA replication and homeostasis in non-proliferating cells. Dguok loss-of-function mutations and deletions lead to hepatocerebral mitochondrial DNA deletion syndrome. However, its potential role in reproduction remains largely unknown. In this study, we find that Dguok knockout results in female infertility. Mechanistically, DGUOK deficiency hinders ovarian development and oocyte maturation. Moreover, DGUOK deficiency in oocytes causes a significant reduction in mitochondrial DNA copy number and abnormal mitochondrial dynamics and impairs germinal vesicle breakdown. Only few DGUOK-deficient oocytes can extrude their first polar body during in vitro maturation, and these oocytes exhibit irregular chromosome arrangements and different spindle lengths. In addition, DGUOK deficiency elevates reactive oxygen species levels and accelerates oocyte apoptosis. Our findings reveal novel physiological roles for the mitochondrial nucleoside salvage pathway in oocyte maturation and implicate DGUOK as a potential marker for the diagnosis of female infertility.


Assuntos
Infertilidade Feminina , Doenças Mitocondriais , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool) , Humanos , Gravidez , Camundongos , Feminino , Animais , Infertilidade Feminina/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oócitos/metabolismo , Fertilidade/genética
3.
Front Vet Sci ; 11: 1320452, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328257

RESUMO

Gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH) is a neurohormone that not only suppresses reproduction at the brain level but also regulates steroidogenesis and gametogenesis at the gonad level. However, its function in gonadal physiology has received little attention in rabbits. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of GnIH on testicular development and function in prepubertal Minxinan Black rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). In the present study, we investigated the serum reproductive hormone concentration, testicular parameters, morphology of seminiferous tubules, apoptosis of testicular cells, and expression of reproductive-related genes in male prepubertal Minxinan Black rabbits intraperitoneally administered with 0, 0.5, 5, or 50 µg quail GnIH-related peptides (qGnIH) for 10 days. Compared with the vehicle, administration with 5 µg of qGnIH downregulated the serum testosterone concentration and mRNA levels of spermatogenic genes (PCNA, FSHR, INHßA, HSF1, and AR) and upregulated the apoptosis rate of testicular cells; administration with 50 µg of qGnIH decreased the serum testosterone concentration and hypothalamic GnIH gene mRNA level and increased the serum LH concentration, pituitary LHß gene mRNA level, testicular weight, gonadosomatic index (GSI), and spermatogenic cell layer thickness. It is concluded that GnIH could exert dual actions on testicular development depending on the male prepubertal rabbits receiving different intraperitoneal doses.

4.
J Biol Chem ; 299(6): 104738, 2023 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37086786

RESUMO

O-linked GlcNAc (O-GlcNAc) is an emerging post-translation modification that couples metabolism with cellular signal transduction by crosstalk with phosphorylation and ubiquitination to orchestrate various biological processes. The mechanisms underlying the involvement of O-GlcNAc modifications in N6-methyladenosine (m6A) regulation are not fully characterized. Herein, we show that O-GlcNAc modifies the m6A mRNA reader YTH domain family 1 (YTHDF1) and fine-tunes its nuclear translocation by the exportin protein Crm1. First, we present evidence that YTHDF1 interacts with the sole O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Second, we verified Ser196/Ser197/Ser198 as the YTHDF1 O-GlcNAcylation sites, as described in numerous chemoproteomic studies. Then we constructed the O-GlcNAc-deficient YTHDF1-S196A/S197F/S198A (AFA) mutant, which significantly attenuated O-GlcNAc signals. Moreover, we revealed that YTHDF1 is a nucleocytoplasmic protein, whose nuclear export is mediated by Crm1. Furthermore, O-GlcNAcylation increases the cytosolic portion of YTHDF1 by enhancing binding with Crm1, thus upregulating downstream target (e.g. c-Myc) expression. Molecular dynamics simulations suggest that O-GlcNAcylation at S197 promotes the binding between the nuclear export signal motif and Crm1 through increasing hydrogen bonding. Mouse xenograft assays further demonstrate that YTHDF1-AFA mutants decreased the colon cancer mass and size via decreasing c-Myc expression. In sum, we found that YTHDF1 is a nucleocytoplasmic protein, whose cytosolic localization is dependent on O-GlcNAc modification. We propose that the OGT-YTHDF1-c-Myc axis underlies colorectal cancer tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Fosforilação , Ubiquitinação , Carcinogênese/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , N-Acetilglucosaminiltransferases/metabolismo , Acetilglucosamina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo
5.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 55(1): 51, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36708435

RESUMO

Feed restriction after weaning is a common strategy used in commercial rabbit farms to improve feed efficiency, promote health, and reduce mortality. However, few studies have investigated the feed restrictions of Minxinan black rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Thus, the effects of feed restriction on growth and slaughter performance, intestinal morphology, and blood biochemical indices of Minxinan black rabbits were evaluated in this study. Rabbits in group A (control group) had ad libitum intake, while those in feed restriction groups (groups B, C, and D) were restricted to 80% of the average daily feed intake (ADFI) of group A the day before. The rabbits in group B were fed once per day at 8:00 am. Rabbits in groups C and D were fed twice per day at 8:00 am (50%) and 4:00 pm (50%) and 8:00 am (30%) and 4:00 pm (70%), respectively. The experimental period lasted for 8 weeks. Compared to that in group A, the diarrhea rate of group C was significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and the ADFI, feed conversion ratio, abdominal fat weight, abdominal fat rate, total protein, albumin, globulin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), low-density lipoprotein, and intestinal crypt depth of all feed restriction groups were significantly reduced (P < 0.01). Feed conversion ratio in group D was significantly better than that in groups B and C (P < 0.05). The efficiency index (EI) of groups C and D was higher than that of groups A and B (P < 0.01). Triglyceride levels in groups C and D were significantly lower than those in group A. The villus length to crypt depth of the duodenum and jejunum in group D was significantly higher than that in group A (P < 0.01). In conclusion, the following parameters can be improved by feed restriction: feed conversion ratio, diarrhea rate, abdominal fat rate, serum ALT, lipid indices and intestinal health of Minxinan black rabbits, and the EI of the farm. Feeding twice per day, 30% at 8:00 am and 70% at 4:00 pm, had the best comprehensive effects.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Promoção da Saúde , Coelhos , Animais , Intestinos , Diarreia/veterinária , Métodos de Alimentação/veterinária , Ração Animal/análise , Dieta/veterinária
6.
Oral Dis ; 29(2): 686-695, 2023 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592043

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to comprehensively characterize the epidemiological, clinicopathological characteristics, treatments, and prognosis of intraoral spindle cell carcinoma (SpCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with intraoral SpCC at our institution in the past 15 years (2005-2019) were screened from inpatient disease registry. All relevant data concerning patients with intraoral SpCC were retrieved. Previous reports about intraoral SpCC with adequate clinicopathological data in both English literature and Chinese literature were collected. Eligible cases were further reviewed and pooled for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Six patients (5 females and 1 male; average age: 59 years) with intraoral SpCC were histopathologically diagnosed and surgically treated at our institution. The literature review identified another 63 published cases from 34 articles. Most cases were presented in the fifth to seventh decade of life with a male preponderance. Gingiva (23/69, 33.3%) was the most common site followed by the tongue (19/69, 27.5%) and buccal mucosa (8/69, 11.6%). Complete surgical ablation remains the primary treatment option. Tumor size, pathological grades, cervical node metastasis, and distant metastasis were significantly associated with reduced survival. CONCLUSIONS: Intraoral SpCC is an uncommon and aggressive malignancy with dismal prognosis. Much attention and effort are needed to characterize this rare entity and improve its clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Doenças Raras
7.
Front Oncol ; 12: 1011230, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36249028

RESUMO

Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 4 Alpha (HNF4α) is a master transcription factor mainly expressed in the liver, kidney, intestine and endocrine pancreas. It regulates multiple target genes involved in embryonic development and metabolism. HNF4α-related diseases include non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome and diabetes mellitus. Recently, HNF4α has been emerging as a key player in a variety of cancers. In this review, we summarized the role and mechanism of HNF4α in different types of cancers, especially in liver and colorectal cancer, aiming to provide additional guidance for intervention of these diseases.

8.
iScience ; 25(10): 105060, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147957

RESUMO

A planar microwave array device with complex electromagnetic functional reconfigurability is demonstrated by means of phase transition film VO2 to manipulate the electromagnetic distribution. Based on planar patch architecture, the microwave device can switch between antenna array and cascaded filter functions. Furthermore, hybrid EM functions such as cascaded antenna arrays and filters are enabled, themselves with further reconfigurability. Therefore, a single design realizes many mono and hybrid antenna and filter functions, which are determined by the order of the array. For simplicity of demonstration, a 2 × 2 array device working at three reconfigurable center frequency points of 3.1, 3.7, and 4.4 GHz, fully compatible with standard planar CMOS processing. A comprehensive design method is proposed to meet the design requirements of a patch-based antenna array and cascaded filter. Based on the functionally reconfigurable microwave device, the front-end circuit could be recombined to suitable for multifunctional microwave systems.

9.
Cell Commun Signal ; 20(1): 135, 2022 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nuclear hormone receptors are involved in transcriptional regulation and many important cellular processes including development and metabolism. However, its role in DNA damage-induced apoptosis remains elusive. METHODS: Synchronized young adult animals were irradiated with different doses of gamma-Ray, and then put back to culture at 20 °C. Germline cell apoptosis was scored at different time point. RESULTS: Deletion of nhr-14 led to decreased DNA damage-induced germline apoptosis, but not the physiological programmed cell death. We also demonstrate that nhr-14 functions downstream of the DNA damage checkpoint pathway. Moreover, we show that nhr-14 regulates egl-1 and ced-13 transcription upon DNA damage. Mechanistically, NHR-14 forms a complex with CEP-1/p53 and binds directly to the egl-1 promoter to promote egl-1 transcription.. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that NHR-14/HNF4α cooperates with CEP-1/p53 to regulate DNA damage-induced apoptosis. Video abstract.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans , Caenorhabditis elegans , Animais , Apoptose , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Dano ao DNA , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
10.
BMC Vet Res ; 18(1): 288, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35869529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pasteurella multocida is one of the most significant pathogens for a number of animals. In rabbits, the infection is generally associated with the P. multocida serogroups A and D, and the knowledge about the serogroup F is limited. In the present study, a P. multocida serogroup F isolate designated s4 was recovered from the lungs of rabbits died of respiratory disease in Fujian, in the southeast of China. The pathogenicity and genomic features of the s4 were then determined. RESULTS: The serotype and sequence type of s4 were F:L3 and ST12, respectively. The s4 was pathogenic for rabbits, but it was a low virulent strain comparing to the previously reported highly pathogenic P. multocida serogroup F strains J-4103, C21724H3km7, P-4218 and HN07. The whole genome of the s4 was then sequenced to understand the genomic basis for pathogenicity. Particularly, a large-sized fragment of approximate 275 kb in length was truncated from the chromosome to form a plasmid. Moreover, the in-frame deletion of natC and N-terminal redundance of gatF would resulted in the production of a mutant L3 outer core structure that was distinct from those of the other P. multocida strains belonging to the lipopolysaccharide genotype L3. We deduced that these features detected in the genome of s4 might impair the pathogenicity of the bacterium. CONCLUSIONS: This study evaluated the pathogenicity and determined the genomic features of the rabbit sourced P. multocida serogroup F isolate s4, the observations and findings would helpful for the understanding of the pathogenicity variability and genetic diversity of P. multocida.


Assuntos
Infecções por Pasteurella , Pasteurella multocida , Animais , Genômica , Infecções por Pasteurella/microbiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Coelhos , Sorogrupo , Virulência/genética
11.
Mol Reprod Dev ; 88(10): 694-704, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596291

RESUMO

Regulation of the mammalian embryo involves cell-signaling molecules produced by the maternal oviduct and endometrium. Here, datasets on the transcriptome of the gestational Days 5 and 6 bovine morula and Day 5 maternal endometrium were examined to identify receptor genes expressed by the morula and expression of the corresponding ligand-related genes in the endometrium. A total of 175 receptor genes were identified in the morula, including 48 encoding for growth factors or WNT signaling molecules, 25 for cytokines and chemokines, 35 involved in juxtacrine and matricellular signaling and 25 encoding for receptors for small molecules. Some of the highly-expressed pairs of endometrial ligand and embryo receptor genes included MDK and its receptors ITGB1, SDC4 and LRP2, WNT5A (RYK), VEGFA (ITGB1), GPI (AMFR), and the hedgehog proteins IHH and DHH (HHIP). The most highly expressed receptors for small molecules were GPRC5C (retinoic acid receptor), PGRMC1 (progesterone), and CHRNB2 (acetylcholine). There were also 84 genes encoding for cell signaling ligands expressed by the morula, with the most highly expressed being GPI, AIMP1, TIMP1, IK, and CCN2. The atlas of receptor and ligand genes should prove useful for understanding details of the communication between the embryo and mother that underlies optimal embryonic development.


Assuntos
Endométrio , Proteínas Hedgehog , Animais , Bovinos , Implantação do Embrião/fisiologia , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Endométrio/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Ligantes , Mamíferos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mórula , Gravidez , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
12.
Cancer Biol Med ; 19(8)2021 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The BRAF inhibitor, vemurafenib, has been widely used in the treatment of patients with melanoma-bearing BRAFV600E mutations. While the initial response to vemurafenib is usually excellent, the majority of patients eventually develop resistance and metastatic disease. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. The objective of this study was therefore to identify additional molecular targets responsible for vemurafenib resistance. METHODS: Western blots and immunohistochemistry analyses were used to evaluate expressions of PYK2 and p-PYK2 in cultured cells and melanoma tissue microarrays. The relationships of p-PYK2 with clinicopathological parameters were statistically analyzed. Invadopodia cell invasion, and a Ca2+ assay were used to determine the effect of vemurafenib resistance-induced p-PYK2 on melanoma progression. A mouse model was used to assess the effects of PYK2 on melanoma metastasis. RESULTS: Elevated p-PYK2 levels were detected in vemurafenib-resistant melanoma cells, and PYK2 was shown to regulate invadopodia formation in melanoma cells. Vemurafenib triggered invadopodia formation by activation of PYK2. Inhibition of PYK2 with either shRNA or the small molecule inhibitor, PF562711, dramatically reduced vemurafenib-induced invadopodia formation. Furthermore, knockdown of PYK2 significantly reduced melanoma lung metastasis in vivo. Increased expressions of p-PYK2 in melanoma patients were positively correlated with advanced stage (P = 0.002), metastasis (P < 0.001), and Clark grade (P < 0.001), and were also associated with short overall survival [hazard ratio (HR) = 3.304, P = 0.007] and progression-free survival (HR = 2.930, P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: PYK2 mediated vemurafenib-induced melanoma cell migration and invasion. Inhibition of PYK2 resensitized melanoma cells to vemurafenib. Phospho-PYK2 was a prognostic biomarker in melanoma patients.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Podossomos , Animais , Biomarcadores , Quinase 2 de Adesão Focal , Indóis/farmacologia , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Podossomos/metabolismo , Podossomos/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Vemurafenib/farmacologia
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 462, 2021 09 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34556118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How to prevent pain after the extraction of impacted teeth is a serious challenge for all patients. The purpose of this clinical trial was to investigate whether pre-emptive low dose of etoricoxib can reduce postoperative pain in patients undergoing third molars surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomised to receive etoricoxib 60 mg or placebo 30 min before surgery. Post-operative pain was recorded using a visual analogue scale during 24 h within the post-operative period. The total dose of ibuprofen rescue intake was recorded. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank analyses were used to evaluate the proportion of patients without rescue analgesic. RESULTS: Scores for the post-operative pain in the etoricoxib group were significantly lower than those in the placebo group during first 12 h (p < 0.05). The number of patients without analgesic rescue medication was significantly lower in the etoricoxib group than in the placebo group. The average amount of rescue medication in the etoricoxib group (0.4 ± 0.9 dose) was lower than that in the placebo group (1.1 ± 0.9 doses, p = 0.004). Etoricoxib resulted in the long-term survival of patients without rescue analgesic (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that etoricoxib has a substantial pre-emptive analgesic effect, resulting in the reduced use of analgesics after third molar removal. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registered on ChiCTR1900024503. Date of Registration: 13/07/2019.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Método Duplo-Cego , Etoricoxib , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
14.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(12): 11930-11944, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33041033

RESUMO

Once it enters the uterus at d 4 to 5 after ovulation, the preimplantation bovine embryo is controlled in its development by regulatory signaling molecules from the mother called embryokines. Here, several cell-signaling molecules whose genes are expressed in the endometrium during d 5 to 7 after estrus were tested for the ability to affect the competence of the embryo for further development and the characteristics of the resultant blastocysts. Molecules tested were C-natriuretic peptide (CNP), IL-8, bovine morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4), IL-6, and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF). None of the cell-signaling molecules tested improved the competence of the embryo to become a blastocyst; in fact, BMP-4 decreased development. All molecules modified attributes of the blastocyst formed in culture. In particular, CNP increased the number of cells in the ICM, whereas IL-8 decreased inner cell mass cell numbers and tended to increase the proportion of blastocysts that were hatching or hatched. In addition, BMP-4 decreased the proportion of blastocysts that were hatching. Interleukin-6 and, to a lesser extent, LIF activated the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway in the inner cell mass, and LIF increased the percent of cells in the blastocyst that were positive for both NANOG and phosphorylated (activated) STAT3. In conclusion, our results indicate that CNP, IL-8, IL-6, LIF, and BMP-4 can modify embryonic development of the cow in a manner that affects characteristics of the resultant blastocyst. Further research is required to understand how these changes in characteristics of the blastocyst would affect competence of the embryo to establish and maintain pregnancy.


Assuntos
Blastocisto/fisiologia , Bovinos/embriologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Reprodução , Transdução de Sinais , 2',3'-Nucleotídeo Cíclico 3'-Fosfodiesterase , Animais , Transferência Embrionária/veterinária , Feminino , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Fator Inibidor de Leucemia/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Gravidez , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
15.
Sci Adv ; 6(30): eabb7417, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32832676

RESUMO

Microelectronic devices with reconfigurable three-dimensional (3D) microarchitecture that can be repetitively switched among different geometrical and/or working states have promising applications in widespread areas. Traditional approaches usually rely on stimulated deformations of active materials under external electric/magnetic fields, which could potentially introduce parasitic side effects and lower device performances. Development of a rational strategy that allows access to high-performance 3D microdevices with multiple stable geometric configurations remains challenging. We introduce a mechanically guided scheme to build geometrically reconfigurable 3D mesostructures through a bottom-up design strategy based on a class of elementary reconfigurable structures with the simplest ribbon geometries. Quantitative mechanics modeling of the structural reconfigurability allows for the development of phase diagrams and design maps. Demonstrations of ~30 reconfigurable mesostructures with diverse geometric topologies and characteristic dimensions illustrate the versatile applicability. The multimode nature enables customized distinct beamforming and discrete beam scanning using a single antenna capable of on-demand reconfiguration.

16.
Sci Adv ; 6(3): eaay4508, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32010770

RESUMO

Monolithic strong magnetic induction at the mtesla to tesla level provides essential functionalities to physical, chemical, and medical systems. Current design options are constrained by existing capabilities in three-dimensional (3D) structure construction, current handling, and magnetic material integration. We report here geometric transformation of large-area and relatively thick (~100 to 250 nm) 2D nanomembranes into multiturn 3D air-core microtubes by a vapor-phase self-rolled-up membrane (S-RuM) nanotechnology, combined with postrolling integration of ferrofluid magnetic materials by capillary force. Hundreds of S-RuM power inductors on sapphire are designed and tested, with maximum operating frequency exceeding 500 MHz. An inductance of 1.24 µH at 10 kHz has been achieved for a single microtube inductor, with corresponding areal and volumetric inductance densities of 3 µH/mm2 and 23 µH/mm3, respectively. The simulated intensity of the magnetic induction reaches tens of mtesla in fabricated devices at 10 MHz.

17.
Natl Sci Rev ; 7(2): 342-354, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34692050

RESUMO

The manufacture of 3D mesostructures is receiving rapidly increasing attention, because of the fundamental significance and practical applications across wide-ranging areas. The recently developed approach of buckling-guided assembly allows deterministic formation of complex 3D mesostructures in a broad set of functional materials, with feature sizes spanning nanoscale to centimeter-scale. Previous studies mostly exploited mechanically controlled assembly platforms using elastomer substrates, which limits the capabilities to achieve on-demand local assembly, and to reshape assembled mesostructures into distinct 3D configurations. This work introduces a set of design concepts and assembly strategies to utilize dielectric elastomer actuators as powerful platforms for the electro-mechanically controlled 3D assembly. Capabilities of sequential, local loading with desired strain distributions allow access to precisely tailored 3D mesostructures that can be reshaped into distinct geometries, as demonstrated by experimental and theoretical studies of ∼30 examples. A reconfigurable inductive-capacitive radio-frequency circuit consisting of morphable 3D capacitors serves as an application example.

18.
Front Oncol ; 10: 570656, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33392072

RESUMO

Overexpression of DGUOK promotes mitochondria oxidative phosphorylation and lung adenocarcinoma progression. However, the role and mechanism of DGUOK in regulation of mitochondria function and lung cancer progression still poorly understood. Here we demonstrated that DGUOK regulated NAD+ biogenesis. Depletion of the DGUOK significantly decreased NAD+ level. Furthermore, knockout of the DGUOK considerably reduced expression of the NMNAT2, a key molecule controlling NAD+ synthesis, at both mRNA and protein levels. Ectopic expression of the NMNAT2 abrogated the effect of knockdown of DGUOK on NAD+. Notably, this regulation is independent of DGUOK -mediated mitochondria complex I activity. We also showed that NMNAT2 was highly expressed in lung adenocarcinoma and negatively correlated with the patient overall survival. Our study suggested that DGUOK regulates NAD+ in a NMNAT2 dependent manner and DGUOK-NMNAT2-NAD+ axis could be a potential therapeutic target in lung adenocarcinoma.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(3): 462-465, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825446

RESUMO

In this study, a multi-step phase transition hybrid composed of (Pr-dabco)2Ag4I6 clusters (Pr-dabco+ = 1-propyl-1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-1-ium) has been prepared and characterized by microanalysis, IR and UV-vis spectroscopy, TG and DSC techniques, etc. This hybrid is thermally stable up to ∼486 K with five phases in the temperature region below 486 K. The phase transition shows symmetry breaking (SB) character between phases II (space group P21/c) and III (space group Pa3[combining macron]), while inverse symmetry breaking (ISB) between phases II and I (space group Pbca), and it is rather exceptional for matter to exhibit simultaneously SB and ISB nature in two successive phase transitions. Most importantly, each phase transition is associated with a dielectric anomaly, and phase V appears to be a plastic crystal with extra high ac conductivity (>10-2 S cm-1). Our work opens up new avenues to find a multi-phase transition material in silver halide hybrids.

20.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 438, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pasteurella multocida is one of the important pathogens that infect rabbits, causing major economic losses in commercial rabbit farming. In this study, 205 P. multocida isolates recovered from lungs of dead rabbits with respiratory disease were defined by capsular serogroups, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) genotypes, multi-locus sequence types and screened virulence factors by using PCR assays, and tested antimicrobial susceptibility. RESULTS: The 205 isolates were assigned into 2 capsular types, A and D, and 2 LPS genotypes, L3 and L6. When combining capsular types with LPS genotypes, 4 serotypes were detected. A:L3 (51.22%, 105/205) was the most predominant serotype, followed by A:L6 (24.88%, 51/205), D:L6 (19.02%, 39/205) and D:L3 (4.88%, 10/205). The 205 isolates were grouped into 3 sequence types, ST10, ST11 and ST12. ST12 (56.10%, 115/205) was the most prevalent sequence type, followed by ST10 (24.88%, 51/205) and ST11 (19.02%, 39/205). In the 205 isolates, virulence associated genes ptfA, fur, hgbB, ompA, ompH and oma87 were positive in the PCR screening, whereas the toxA and tbpA genes were negative. Notably, the 156 capsular serogroup A isolates carried the pmHAS gene. All the 205 isolates were susceptible to most of the used antibiotics, except for streptomycin, gentamycin, kanamycin and ceftriaxone, and the resistance rates of which were 27.80, 15.61, 9.27 and 2.44%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study, for the first time, described the prevalence and characteristics of P. multocida causing respiratory disease in rabbits in Fujian Province, which might be useful for tracking the epidemic strains and development of efficient vaccines and methods to prevent and control the pathogen.


Assuntos
Infecções por Pasteurella/veterinária , Pasteurella multocida/isolamento & purificação , Coelhos/microbiologia , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/veterinária , China/epidemiologia , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Infecções por Pasteurella/epidemiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/microbiologia , Infecções por Pasteurella/mortalidade , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Pasteurella multocida/patogenicidade , Prevalência , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
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