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1.
ACS Org Inorg Au ; 4(1): 26-40, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38344012

RESUMO

Topochemistry refers to a generic category of solid-state reactions in which precursors and products display strong filiation in their crystal structures. Various low-dimensional materials are subject to this stepwise structure transformation by accommodating guest atoms or molecules in between their 2D slabs or 1D chains loosely bound by van der Waals (vdW) interactions. Those processes are driven by redox reactions between guests and the host framework, where transition metal cations have been widely exploited as the redox center. Topochemistry coupled with this cationic redox not only enables technological applications such as Li-ion secondary batteries but also serves as a powerful tool for structural or electronic fine-tuning of layered transition metal compounds. Over recent years, we have been pursuing materials design beyond this cationic redox topochemistry that was mostly limited to 2D or 1D vdW systems. For this, we proposed new topochemical reactions of non-vdW compounds built of 2D arrays of anionic chalcogen dimers alternating with redox-inert host cationic layers. These chalcogen dimers were found to undergo redox reaction with external metal elements, triggering either (1) insertion of these metals to construct 2D metal chalcogenides or (2) deintercalation of the constituent chalcogen anions. As a whole, this topochemistry works like a "zipper", where reductive cleavage of anionic chalcogen-chalcogen bonds opens up spaces in non-vdW materials, allowing the formation of novel layered structures. This Perspective briefly summarizes seminal examples of unique structure transformations achieved by anionic redox topochemistry as well as challenges on their syntheses and characterizations.

2.
Int Heart J ; 64(4): 535-542, 2023 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37460322

RESUMO

Rapid reperfusion by primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) is an established strategy for the treatment of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Pre-hospital electrocardiogram (PH-ECG) transmission by the emergency medical services (EMS) facilitates timely reperfusion in these patients. However, evidence regarding the clinical benefits of PH-ECG in individual hospitals is limited.This retrospective, observational study investigated the clinical efficacy of PH-ECG in STEMI patients who underwent pPCI. Of a total of 382 consecutive STEMI patients, 237 were enrolled in the study and divided into 2 groups: a PH-ECG group (n = 77) and non-PH-ECG group (n = 160). Door-to-balloon time (D2BT) was significantly shorter in the PH-ECG group (66 [52-80] min), compared to the non-PH-ECG group (70 [57-88] minutes, P = 0.01). The 30-day all-cause mortality rate was 6% in the PH-ECG group, which was significantly lower than that in the non-PH-ECG group (16%) (P = 0.037, hazard ratio [HR]: 0.38, 95% CI: 0.15-0.98). This trend was particularly evident in severely ill patients when stratified by GRACE score.The use of PH-ECG improved the survival rate of STEMI patients undergoing pPCI due to the improved pre-arrival preparation based on the EMS information. Coordination between EMS and PCI-capable institutes is essential for the management of PH-ECG.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hospitais , Resultado do Tratamento , Eletrocardiografia
3.
Inorg Chem ; 62(19): 7264-7272, 2023 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37134090

RESUMO

La2O2S2 was recently used as a precursor to prepare either a new metastable form of La2O2S by de-insertion of half of sulfur atoms of (S2) dimers or quaternary compounds by insertion of a coinage metal (e.g., La2O2Cu2S2). A strong structural relationship exists between the polysulfide precursor and the synthesized products, which highlights the topochemical nature of these reactions. Nevertheless, the crystal structure of the precursor material is still a matter of debate. Namely, several structural models were reported so far in the literature with different space groups and/or crystal systems. All these models were built upon infinite [Ln2O2] slabs separated from each other by a flat sulfur layer of (S2) dumbbells. Nevertheless, all (S2) dimers within a given sulfur layer may rotate in phase by 90° compared to the ideal model that induces an overall atomic disorder in (S2) dimer orientation along the stacking axis. This leads to some imbroglio and much confusion in the description of structural arrangement of Ln2O2S2 materials. Herein, the crystal structures of La2O2S2 and its Pr and Nd variants are revisited. We propose an alternative model that reconciles pre-existing structural descriptions of Ln2O2S2 (Ln = La, Pr, and Nd) materials and highlights the strong dependency of the degree of long-range ordering of the sulfur layers on the synthesis conditions.

4.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 2917, 2023 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37217479

RESUMO

Topochemistry enables step-by-step conversions of solid-state materials often leading to metastable structures that retain initial structural motifs. Recent advances in this field revealed many examples where relatively bulky anionic constituents were actively involved in redox reactions during (de)intercalation processes. Such reactions are often accompanied by anion-anion bond formation, which heralds possibilities to design novel structure types disparate from known precursors, in a controlled manner. Here we present the multistep conversion of layered oxychalcogenides Sr2MnO2Cu1.5Ch2 (Ch = S, Se) into Cu-deintercalated phases where antifluorite type [Cu1.5Ch2]2.5- slabs collapsed into two-dimensional arrays of chalcogen dimers. The collapse of the chalcogenide layers on deintercalation led to various stacking types of Sr2MnO2Ch2 slabs, which formed polychalcogenide structures unattainable by conventional high-temperature syntheses. Anion-redox topochemistry is demonstrated to be of interest not only for electrochemical applications but also as a means to design complex layered architectures.

5.
Chemistry ; 28(52): e202201884, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35817755

RESUMO

To design ultrabright fluorescent solid dyes, a crystal engineering strategy that enables monomeric emission by blocking intermolecular electronic interactions is required. We introduced propylene moieties to distyrylbenzene (DSB) as bridges between the phenyl rings either side of its C=C bonds. The bridged DSB derivatives formed compact crystals that emit colors similar to those of the same molecules in dilute solution, with high quantum yields. The introduction of flexible seven-membered rings to the DSB core produced moderate distortion and steric hindrance in the DSB π-plane. However, owing to this strategy, it was possible to control the molecular arrangement with almost no decrease in the crystal density, and intermolecular electronic interactions were suppressed. The bridged DSB crystal structure differs from other DSB derivative structures; thus, bridging affords access to novel crystalline systems. This design strategy has important implications in many fields and is more effective than the conventional photofunctional molecular crystal design strategies.

6.
J Cardiol ; 80(3): 218-225, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35307223

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictive value of echocardiographic parameters for early worsening heart failure (WHF), worsening of symptoms of heart failure requiring intensification of therapy during an admission for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), has not been elucidated. METHODS: Sixteen centers in Japan prospectively enrolled 303 ADHF hospitalized patients who did not receive positive inotropic agents as an initial therapy. Physical and Doppler echocardiographic examinations were performed before the initial therapy and the association of low output findings and occurrence of early WHF were tested. RESULTS: Early WHF occurred in 63 patients with a median duration of 6 (IQR: 2-23) hours from the administration of the initial therapy. In patients with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <40% (N = 153), echocardiographic stroke volume index, and cardiac index showed greater c-index [95% confidence interval, 0.71 (0.61-0.79) and 0.72 (0.63-0.80), respectively] compared to single low perfusion finding (symptomatic hypotension, reduced pulse pressure, and impaired mentation) other than cool extremities. When physical findings were combined (low perfusion score), the predictive ability improved to the similar levels of echocardiographic LV output parameters [c-index: 0.69 (0.60-0.76)]. However, addition of cardiac index significantly improved the prognostic ability when added to low perfusion score [0.82 (0.74-0.87), p < 0.001]. In contrast, in patients with LV ejection fraction ≥40% (N = 150), low perfusion score, rather than LV output parameters, was predictive of early WHF [c-index: 0.73 (0.56-0.85)]. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the predictive value of echocardiographic LV output indices for early WHF in ADHF patients with LV systolic dysfunction. These data support the motivation for routine use of echocardiography for initial assessment of ADHF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Humanos , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 64(3): 677-685, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35080732

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study is aimed to evaluate the impact of catheter contact angle on lesion formation and durability of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS: Both in vitro experiment and retrospective observational study were conducted. For in vitro experiment, radiofrequency lesions were created on explanted swine hearts in three different catheter contact angles (0°, 45°, and 90°). In the retrospective observational study, we assessed patients who had undergone repeat catheter ablation due to atrial fibrillation recurrence after initial PVI. When pulmonary vein (PV) reconnection was observed, we analyzed the previous ablation points within and without the gap area. The gap areas were where ablation had changed the PV activation sequence or eliminated the PV potential in the repeat session. RESULTS: In the in vitro experiment, lesion width was the smallest (5.3 ± 0.4 mm) in perpendicular contact compared to 0° (vs 5.8 ± 0.5 mm, p = 0.040) and 45° (vs 6.4 ± 0.4 mm, p < 0.001). In the retrospective observational study, we assessed 666 tags of 16 patients with PV reconnections, and 60 tags were in the gap area. Tags in the gap area had longer interlesion distance (odds ratio [OR] 1.49, p < 0.001), greater contact force variability (OR 1.03, p = 0.008), and higher rate of perpendicular contact (OR 3.26, p < 0.001) on multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Perpendicular contact was associated with a smaller lesion and higher rate of PV reconnection.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Ablação por Cateter , Veias Pulmonares , Animais , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Cateteres , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suínos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Dalton Trans ; 50(36): 12419-12423, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545879

RESUMO

Intercalation of Cu into layered polychalcogenide La2O2S2 was demonstrated to be viable both under solvothermal conditions at 200 °C and mechanical ball milling at ambient temperature. This result evidences the soft-chemical nature of metal intercalation into layered polychalcogenides driven by the redox reactivity of anion-anion bonds.

9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3605, 2021 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127660

RESUMO

Designing and synthesising new metastable compounds is a major challenge of today's material science. While exploration of metastable oxides has seen decades-long advancement thanks to the topochemical deintercalation of oxygen as recently spotlighted with the discovery of nickelate superconductor, such unique synthetic pathway has not yet been found for chalcogenide compounds. Here we combine an original soft chemistry approach, structure prediction calculations and advanced electron microscopy techniques to demonstrate the topochemical deintercalation/reintercalation of sulfur in a layered oxychalcogenide leading to the design of novel metastable phases. We demonstrate that La2O2S2 may react with monovalent metals to produce sulfur-deintercalated metastable phases La2O2S1.5 and oA-La2O2S whose lamellar structures were predicted thanks to an evolutionary structure-prediction algorithm. This study paves the way to unexplored topochemistry of mobile chalcogen anions.

10.
Circ J ; 85(3): 235-242, 2021 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although anticoagulation is the key treatment to prevent stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), including elderly patients, anticoagulation is sometimes withheld for elderly people because of concerns about frailty. However, it remains unknown whether frailty increases bleeding events.Methods and Results:A total of 120 consecutive non-valvular AF patients admitted with symptoms of AF or congestive heart failure were included in this study. Frailty was assessed using the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) frailty index. We performed a retrospective analysis of the risk factors associated with major bleeding events. After a median follow-up of 518 days, major bleeding events occurred in 17 (14.2%) patients. Patients with major bleeding events had a higher CHS frailty index (P=0.015). The cutoff value for high-risk CHS frailty index was 2 (area under the ROC curve: 0.68 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.57-0.78]). The event-free rates at 2 years were 97.6% (95% CI: 83.9-99.7) in patients with a CHS frailty index <2 and 59.6% (95% CI: 27.9-81.0) for those with a CHS frailty index ≥2 (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Frailty is associated with increased bleeding events related to anticoagulant therapy in patients previously hospitalized with AF. Greater care should be taken with patients with a CHS frailty index ≥2.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial , Fragilidade , Hemorragia , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade/complicações , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle
11.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(20): 8861-8866, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016707

RESUMO

The never-elucidated crystal structure of metastable iron disulfide FeS2 resulting from the full deintercalation of Li in Li2FeS2 has been cracked thanks to crystal structure prediction searches based on an evolutionary algorithm combined with first-principles calculations accounting for experimental observations. Besides the newly layered C2/m polymorph of iron disulfide, two-dimensional dynamically stable FeS2 phases are proposed that contain sulfides and/or persulfide S2 motifs.

12.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(25): 9856-9867, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32154630

RESUMO

Twenty years ago, the concept of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) was proposed, and this unique luminescent property has attracted scientific interest ever since. However, AIE denominates only the phenomenon, while the details of its underlying guiding principles remain to be elucidated. This minireview discusses the basic principles of AIE based on our previous mechanistic study of the photophysical behavior of 9,10-bis(N,N-dialkylamino)anthracene (BDAA) and the corresponding mechanistic analysis by quantum chemical calculations. BDAA comprises an anthracene core and small electron donors, which allows the quantum chemical aspects of AIE to be discussed. The key factor for AIE is the control over the non-radiative decay (deactivation) pathway, which can be visualized by considering the conical intersection (CI) on a potential energy surface. Controlling the conical intersection (CI) on the potential energy surface enables the separate formation of fluorescent (CI:high) and non-fluorescent (CI:low) molecules [control of conical intersection accessibility (CCIA)]. The novelty and originality of AIE in the field of photochemistry lies in the creation of functionality by design and in the active control over deactivation pathways. Moreover, we provide a new design strategy for AIE luminogens (AIEgens) and discuss selected examples.

13.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(26): 10566-10573, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32119188

RESUMO

To broaden the application of aggregation-induced emission (AIE) luminogens (AIEgens), the design of novel small-molecular dyes that exhibit high fluorescence quantum yield (Φfl ) in the solid state is required. Considering that the mechanism of AIE can be rationalized based on steric avoidance of non-radiative decay pathways, a series of bridged stilbenes was designed, and their non-radiative decay pathways were investigated theoretically. Bridged stilbenes with short alkyl chains exhibited a strong fluorescence emission in solution and in the solid state, while bridged stilbenes with long alkyl chains exhibited AIE. Based on this theoretical prediction, we developed the bridged stilbenes BPST[7] and DPB[7], which demonstrate excellent AIE behavior.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(44): 6189-6192, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31049515

RESUMO

We demonstrate here the low temperature topochemical insertion of transition elements (Fe, Ni, and Cu) in precursors containing pre-formed (Sn)2- (n = 2 and 3) oligomers. Indeed, this soft chemistry route opens the door to the easy, orientated synthesis of low dimensional transition metal compounds provided that the elemental metal can retrocede electron(s) to empty antibonding sulfur σ* levels.

15.
Clin Case Rep ; 7(5): 1007-1011, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110736

RESUMO

Despite the requirement for histopathological evidence to make a definite diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis, the sensitivity of endomyocardial biopsy is still low. Recently, Japanese Circulation Society suggests a new strategy that patients diagnosed clinically do not require the endomyocardial biopsy evidence. Physicians should familiarize themselves with such paradigm shifts.

17.
Clin Case Rep ; 7(3): 509-514, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30899483

RESUMO

Although conventional microbiology cultures may be negative, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) can effectively identify both typical and atypical microorganisms. With careful interpretation, PCR could become the gold-standard diagnostic test for culture-negative bacterial pericarditis.

19.
RSC Adv ; 9(38): 21733-21740, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35518854

RESUMO

A synthetic route to embed aggregation-induced-emission-(AIE)-active luminophores in polycarbonates (PCs) in various ratios is reported. The AIE-active monomer is based on the structure of 9,10-bis(piperidyl)anthracene. The obtained PCs display good film-forming properties, similar to those observed in poly(bisphenol A carbonate) (Ba-PC). The fluorescence quantum yield (Φ) of the PC with 5 mol% AIE-active monomer was 0.04 in solution and 0.53 in solid state. Moreover, this PC is also miscible with commercially available Ba-PC at any blending ratio. A combined analysis by scanning electron microscopy and differential scanning calorimetry did not indicate any clear phase separation. These results thus suggest that even engineering plastics like polycarbonates can be functionalized with AIE luminogens without adverse effects on their physical properties.

20.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(41): 13618-13623, 2018 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133113

RESUMO

Layered transition metal compounds represent a major playground to explore unconventional electric or magnetic properties. In that framework, topochemical approaches that mostly preserve the topology of layered reactants have been intensively investigated to tune properties and/or design new materials. Topochemical reactions often involve the insertion or deinsertion of a chemical element accompanied by a change of oxidation state of the cations only. Conversely, cases where anions play the role of redox centers are very scarce. Here we show that the insertion of copper into two dimensional precursors containing chalcogen dimers (Q2 )2- (Q=S, Se) can produce layered materials with extended (CuQ) sheets. The reality of this topochemical reaction is demonstrated here for different pristine materials, namely La2 O2 S2 , Ba2 F2 S2 , and LaSe2 . Therefore, this work opens up a new synthetic strategy to design layered transition metal compounds from precursors containing polyanionic redox centers.

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