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1.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e082417, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38754884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate whether a significant trend regarding inpatient falls in Swiss acute care hospitals between 2011 and 2019 could be confirmed on a national level, and whether the trend persists after risk adjustment for patient-related fall risk factors. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis was conducted based on annual multicentre cross-sectional studies carried out between 2011 and 2019. SETTING: All Swiss acute care hospitals were obliged to participate in the surveys. Except for emergency departments, outpatient wards and recovery rooms, all wards were included. PARTICIPANTS: All inpatients aged 18 or older who had given their informed consent and whose data were complete and available were included. OUTCOME MEASURE: Whether a patient had fallen in the hospital was retrospectively determined on the survey day by asking patients the following question: Have you fallen in this institution in the last 30 days? RESULTS: Based on data from 110 892 patients from 222 Swiss hospitals, a national inpatient fall rate of 3.7% was determined over the 9 survey years. A significant linear decreasing trend (p=0.004) was observed using the Cochran-Armitage trend test. After adjusting for patient-related fall risk factors in a two-level random intercept logistic regression model, a significant non-linear decreasing trend was found at the national level. CONCLUSIONS: A significant decrease in fall rates in Swiss hospitals, indicating an improvement in the quality of care provided, could be confirmed both descriptively and after risk adjustment. However, the non-linear trend, that is, an initial decrease in inpatient falls that flattens out over time, also indicates a possible future increase in fall rates. Monitoring of falls in hospitals should be maintained at the national level. Risk adjustment accounts for the observed increase in patient-related fall risk factors in hospitals, thus promoting a fairer comparison of the quality of care provided over time.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Humanos , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Suíça , Estudos Transversais , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Hospitais/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Modelos Logísticos , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente
2.
Age Ageing ; 53(5)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38725361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: After an acute infection, older persons may benefit from geriatric rehabilitation (GR). OBJECTIVES: This study describes the recovery trajectories of post-COVID-19 patients undergoing GR and explores whether frailty is associated with recovery. DESIGN: Multicentre prospective cohort study. SETTING: 59 GR facilities in 10 European countries. PARTICIPANTS: Post-COVID-19 patients admitted to GR between October 2020 and October 2021. METHODS: Patients' characteristics, daily functioning (Barthel index; BI), quality of life (QoL; EQ-5D-5L) and frailty (Clinical Frailty Scale; CFS) were collected at admission, discharge, 6 weeks and 6 months after discharge. We used linear mixed models to examine the trajectories of daily functioning and QoL. RESULTS: 723 participants were included with a mean age of 75 (SD: 9.91) years. Most participants were pre-frail to frail (median [interquartile range] CFS 6.0 [5.0-7.0]) at admission. After admission, the BI first steeply increased from 11.31 with 2.51 (SE 0.15, P < 0.001) points per month and stabilised around 17.0 (quadratic slope: -0.26, SE 0.02, P < 0.001). Similarly, EQ-5D-5L first steeply increased from 0.569 with 0.126 points per month (SE 0.008, P < 0.001) and stabilised around 0.8 (quadratic slope: -0.014, SE 0.001, P < 0.001). Functional recovery rates were independent of frailty level at admission. QoL was lower at admission for frailer participants, but increased faster, stabilising at almost equal QoL values for frail, pre-frail and fit patients. CONCLUSIONS: Post-COVID-19 patients admitted to GR showed substantial recovery in daily functioning and QoL. Frailty at GR admission was not associated with recovery and should not be a reason to exclude patients from GR.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , COVID-19 , Idoso Fragilizado , Fragilidade , Avaliação Geriátrica , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Humanos , COVID-19/reabilitação , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Fragilidade/diagnóstico , Fragilidade/reabilitação , Fragilidade/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Europa (Continente)
3.
Int J Nurs Stud Adv ; 6: 100178, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38746815

RESUMO

Background: Heart failure has an estimated global prevalence of 64.3 million cases, with an average age of a person living with heart failure at 75.2 years. Approximately 20% of residents living in nursing homes (a long-term residential care environment for some individuals) report living with heart failure. Residents living with heart failure in nursing home environments are often frail, have reduced quality of life, higher rates of rehospitalisation and mortality, and greater complications in heart failure management. Further, nursing home staff often lack the knowledge and skills required to provide the necessary care for those living with heart failure. Interventions for improving heart failure management in nursing homes have proven effective, yet there is a lack of understanding regarding interventions for optimising care provision. The aim of this review was to synthesise the current evidence on educational interventions to optimise care provided to people with heart failure in nursing homes. Methods: A scoping review with four databases searched: Medline, CINAHL, Web of Science, and EMBASE. Relevant reference lists were searched manually for additional records. Studies of nursing home staff or resident outcomes associated with changes in care provision (i.e., resident quality of life, staff knowledge of heart failure) were included. Results from the charting data process were collated into themes: intervention outcomes, changes to practice, and implementation and process evaluation. Results: Seven papers were deemed eligible for inclusion. Most studies (n=6) were comprised of nursing home staff only, with one comprised only of residents. Study aims were to improve heart failure knowledge, interprofessional communication, heart failure assessment and management. Positive changes in staff outcomes were observed, with improvements in knowledge, self-efficacy, and confidence in providing care reported. No difference was reported concerning nursing home resident outcomes. Interprofessional communication and staff ability to conduct heart failure assessments improved post-intervention. Changes to practice were mixed, with issues around sustainability reported. Nursing home staff highlighted their appreciation towards receiving education, recommending that videos, images, and humour could improve the intervention content. Conclusions: There is a paucity of evidence around educational interventions to support residents living with heart failure in nursing homes. However, available evidence suggests that educational interventions in nursing homes may improve care through improving staff self-efficacy and confidence in providing care, heart failure knowledge and interprofessional communication. The complexity of implementing educational interventions in the nursing home setting must be considered during the development process to improve implementation, effectiveness, and sustainability.

4.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 331, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Inpatient falls in hospitals are an acknowledged indicator of quality of care. International comparisons could highlight quality improvement potential and enable cross-national learning. Key to fair cross-national comparison is the availability of a risk adjustment model validated in an international context. This study aimed to 1) ascertain that the variables of the inpatient fall risk adjustment model do not interact with country and thus can be used for risk adjustment, 2) compare the risk of falling in hospitals between Switzerland and Austria after risk adjustment. METHODS: The data on inpatient falls from Swiss and Austrian acute care hospitals were collected on a single measurement day in 2017, 2018 and 2019 as part of an international multicentre cross-sectional study. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to screen for interaction effects between the patient-related fall risk factors and the countries. The risks of falling in hospital in Switzerland and in Austria were compared after applying the risk-adjustment model. RESULTS: Data from 176 hospitals and 43,984 patients revealed an inpatient fall rate of 3.4% in Switzerland and 3.9% in Austria. Two of 15 patient-related fall risk variables showed an interaction effect with country: Patients who had fallen in the last 12 months (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.10-2.01, p = 0.009) or had taken sedatives/psychotropic medication (OR 1.40, 95% CI 1.05-1.87, p = 0.022) had higher odds of falling in Austrian hospitals. Significantly higher odds of falling were observed in Austrian (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.13-1.68, p = 0.002) compared to Swiss hospitals after applying the risk-adjustment model. CONCLUSIONS: Almost all patient-related fall risk factors in the model are suitable for a risk-adjusted cross-country comparison, as they do not interact with the countries. Further model validation with additional countries is warranted, particularly to assess the interaction of risk factors "fall in the last 12 months" and "sedatives/psychotropic medication intake" with country variable. The study underscores the crucial role of an appropriate risk-adjustment model in ensuring fair international comparisons of inpatient falls, as the risk-adjusted, as opposed to the non-risk-adjusted country comparison, indicated significantly higher odds of falling in Austrian compared to Swiss hospitals.


Assuntos
Pacientes Internados , Risco Ajustado , Humanos , Suíça/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Áustria/epidemiologia , Acidentes por Quedas , Hospitais , Hipnóticos e Sedativos
5.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 11: 1304349, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38379562

RESUMO

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of an individual music therapy intervention and an individual music listening intervention on neuropsychiatric symptoms and quality of life in people with dementia living in a nursing home and on professional caregiver's burden to be able to make statements about their specific value of application in clinical practice. Methods: A multicenter single blind randomized controlled trial with three groups was performed: an individual music therapy intervention (IMTI) group (n = 49), an individual music listening intervention (IMLI) group (n = 56) and a control group (n = 53) receiving usual care. The interventions were given during three weeks, three times a week on non-consecutive days during 30-45 minutes for in total nine sessions. The endpoint of the study is the difference from baseline to interim (1,5 week), post-intervention (3 weeks) and follow-up (6 weeks) in reported scores of problem behaviour (NPI-NH) and quality of life (Qualidem) in people with dementia and occupational disruptiveness (NPI-NH) in care professionals. Results: In total 158 people with dementia were randomized to one of the two intervention groups or the control group. Multilevel analyses demonstrated that hyperactive behaviour assessed by the NPI-NH was significantly more reduced for the IMLI group at follow up and that restless behaviour assessed by the Qualidem was significantly more reduced for the IMTI group at post and follow-up measurement compared to the control group. No significant effects between groups were found in other NPI-NH clusters or Qualidem subscales. Conclusion: In conclusion, because we found no convincing evidence that the IMTI or IMLI is more effective than the other both interventions should be considered in clinical practice. For the future, we advise further research into the sustainability of the effects with alternative designs, like a single case experimental design.

7.
Drugs Aging ; 41(3): 261-270, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38285238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The nursing home population is characterized by multimorbidity and disabilities, which often result in extensive prescription of medication and subsequent polypharmacy. Deprescribing, a planned and supervised process of dose reduction or total cessation of medication, is a solution to combat this. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify barriers and enablers of deprescribing as experienced by nursing home physicians (NHPs) and collaborating pharmacists in the specific nursing home setting. METHODS: This qualitative study utilized a semi-structured interview format with two focus groups consisting of a mix of NHPs and pharmacists. Directed content analysis was performed based on the Theoretical Domains Framework, a validated framework for understanding determinants of behavior change among health care professionals. RESULTS: Sixteen health care professionals participated in two focus groups, including 13 NHPs and three pharmacists. The participating NHPs and pharmacists believed that deprescribing is a valuable process with enablers, such as multidisciplinary collaboration, good communication with patients and family, and involvement of the nursing staff. NHPs and pharmacists view deprescribing as a core task and feel assured in their ability to carry it out successfully. However, they also noted barriers: deprescribing is time-consuming; communication with residents, their relatives or medical specialists is difficult; and electronic patient systems often do not adequately support it. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insight into the various barriers and enablers faced by NHPs and pharmacists when deprescribing in nursing homes. Specific for this population, deprescribing barriers focus on communication (with residents and their relatives, and also with medical specialists) and resources, while knowledge and expertise are mentioned as enablers.


Assuntos
Desprescrições , Humanos , Grupos Focais , Casas de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde , Polimedicação
8.
J Adv Nurs ; 80(1): 150-160, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37424109

RESUMO

AIM: Examining the perspectives of formal and informal caregivers and residents on roles, mutual expectations and needs for improvement in the care for residents with (a risk of) dehydration. DESIGN: Qualitative study. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 16 care professionals, three residents and three informal caregivers were conducted between October and November 2021. A thematic analysis was performed on the interviews. RESULTS: Three topic summaries contributed to a comprehensive view on the care for residents with (a risk of) dehydration: role content, mutual expectations and needs for improvement. Many overlapping activities were found among care professionals, informal caregivers and allied care staff. While nursing staff and informal caregivers are essential in observing changes in the health status of residents, and medical staff in diagnosing and treating dehydration, the role of residents remains limited. Conflicting expectations emerged regarding, for example, the level of involvement of the resident and communication. Barriers to multidisciplinary collaboration were highlighted, including little structural involvement of allied care staff, limited insight into each other's expertise and poor communication between formal and informal caregivers. Seven areas for improvement emerged: awareness, resident profile, knowledge and expertise, treatment, monitoring and tools, working conditions and multidisciplinary working. CONCLUSION: In general, many formal and informal caregivers are involved in the care of residents with (a risk of) dehydration. They depend on each other's observations, information and expertise which requires an interprofessional approach with specific attention to adequate prevention. For this, educational interventions focused on hydration care should be a core element in professional development programs of nursing homes and vocational training of future care professionals. IMPACT: The care for residents with (a risk of) dehydration has multiple points for improvement. To be able to adequately address dehydration, it is essential for formal and informal caregivers and residents to address these barriers in clinical practice. REPORTING METHOD: In writing this manuscript, the EQUATOR guidelines (reporting method SRQR) have been adhered to. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: No patient or public contribution.


Assuntos
Desidratação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Humanos , Desidratação/prevenção & controle , Motivação , Casas de Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Cuidadores
9.
PLoS One ; 18(7): e0288433, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37432917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) affects up to 64.3 million people globally. Advancements in pharmaceutical, device or surgical therapies, have led to patients living longer with HF. Heart failure affects 20% of care home residents, with these individuals presenting as older, frailer, and with more complex needs compared to those living at home. Thus, improving care home staff (e.g., registered nurse and care assistant) knowledge of HF has the potential to benefit patient care and reduce acute care utilization. Our aim is to co-design, and feasibility test, a digital intervention to improve care home staff knowledge of HF and optimise quality of life for those living with the condition in long-term residential care. METHODS: Using a logic model, three workstreams have been identified. Workstream 1 (WS1), comprised of three steps, will inform the 'inputs' of the model. First, qualitative interviews (n = 20) will be conducted with care home staff to identify facilitators and barriers in the provision of care to people with HF. Concurrently, a scoping review will be undertaken to synthesise current evidence of HF interventions within care homes. The last step will involve a Delphi study with 50-70 key stakeholders (for example care home staff, people with HF and their family and friends) to determine key education priorities related to HF. Using data from WS1, a digital intervention to improve care home staff knowledge and self-efficacy of HF will be co-designed in workstream 2 (WS2) alongside those living with HF or their carers, HF professionals, and care home staff. Lastly, workstream 3 (WS3) will involve mixed-methods feasibility testing of the digital intervention. Outcomes include staff knowledge on HF and self-efficacy in caring for HF residents, intervention usability, perceived benefits of the digital intervention on quality of life for care home residents, and care staff experience of implementing the intervention. DISCUSSION: As HF affects many care home residents, it is vital that care home staff are equipped to support people living with HF in these settings. With limited interventional research in this area, it is envisaged that the resulting digital intervention will have relevance for HF resident care both nationally and internationally.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Cuidados Críticos , Escolaridade , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto
10.
Aging Ment Health ; 27(10): 1983-1989, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37310855

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to investigate the health-related quality of life (HRQol) of the family caregiver in MCI, explore possible determinants and study possible differences with mild dementia. METHODS: This secondary data analysis included 145 persons with MCI and 154 persons with dementia and their family caregivers from two Dutch cohort studies. HRQoL was measured with the VAS of the EuroQol-5D-3L version. Regressions analyses were conducted to examine potential demographic and clinical determinants of the caregiver's HRQoL. RESULTS: The mean EQ5D-VAS in family caregivers of persons with MCI was 81.1 (SD 15.7), and did not significantly differ from family caregivers in mild dementia (81.9 (SD 13.0)). In MCI, patient measurements were not significantly associated with caregiver mean EQ5D-VAS. Concerning caregiver characteristics, being a spouse and a lower educational level were associated with a lower mean EQ5D-VAS (in a multiple linear regression model: unstandardized B -8.075, p = 0.013 and unstandardized B -6.162, p = 0.037 resp.). In mild dementia, the NPI item irritability showed an association with caregiver EQ5D-VAS in bivariate linear regression analyses. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that especially family caregiver characteristics seem to influence family caregiver HRQoL in MCI. Future research should include other potential determinants such as burden, coping strategies and relationship quality.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Demência , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Modelos Lineares , Adaptação Psicológica
11.
Aging Ment Health ; 27(12): 2410-2419, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37354050

RESUMO

Introduction: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) within and during movements between care settings is crucial for optimal palliative dementia care. The objective of this study was to explore the experiences of persons with dementia regarding collaboration with and between healthcare professionals (HCPs) and their perceptions of a possible future move to the nursing home (NH) in palliative dementia care. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional qualitative study and performed semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of persons with dementia living at home (N = 18). Data analysis involved content analysis. Results: Our study demonstrated that even though most persons with dementia find it difficult to perceive the collaboration amongst HCPs, they could describe their perceived continuity of care (Theme 1. My perception of collaboration among HCPs). Their core needs in collaboration with HCPs were receiving information, support from informal caregivers, personal attention and tailored care (Theme 2. My needs in IPC). Regarding a possible future move to the NH, persons with dementia cope with their current decline, future decline and a possible future move to the NH (Theme 3. My coping strategies for a possible future move to the NH). They also prefer to choose the NH, and continue social life and activities in their future NH (Theme 4. My preferences when a NH becomes my possible future home). Conclusion: Persons with dementia are collaborative partners who could express their needs and preferences, if they are willing and able to communicate, in the collaboration with HCPs and a possible future move to the NH.

13.
J Clin Med ; 12(8)2023 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37109255

RESUMO

Many patients in geriatric rehabilitation (GR) are physically frail at the time of admission and suffer from malnutrition and sarcopenia, which may worsen rehabilitation outcomes. This study aims to obtain insight into the current nutritional care practices in GR facilities across Europe. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a questionnaire focused on nutritional care practices in GR was distributed across experts in EUGMS member countries. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: In total, 109 respondents working in 25 European countries participated, and the results showed that not all GR patients were screened and treated for malnutrition, and not all participants used (inter)national guidelines when performing nutritional care. The results also showed variations across European geographical areas related to screening and treatment of malnutrition, sarcopenia, and frailty. Even though the participants underlined the importance of dedicating time to nutritional care, they experienced barriers in its implementation, which were mostly due to a lack of resources. CONCLUSION: As malnutrition, sarcopenia, and frailty are often present in patients admitted to GR, in addition to being interrelated, it is recommended to develop an integrated approach to screening and treatment of all three clinical problems.

14.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 24(5): 729-734, 2023 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36977501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) are prevalent conditions in long-term care homes (LTCHs) with most LTCH residents living with ADRD in many countries. Despite the prevalence of ADRD in LTCHs, a recent examination of LTCH quality measurement programs in 4 countries revealed few LTCH quality measures addressed ADRD, most commonly as a risk adjuster. We sought to better understand how quality measurement programs address ADRD internationally. DESIGN: International comparative analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We examined LTCH quality measures in 4 European countries-Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, and the Netherlands. METHODS: The specifications to calculate each measure were assessed to determine whether the measure was calculated without assessing for ADRD, included only residents with ADRD, excluded residents with ADRD, or was risk adjusted for the presence of ADRD among the LTCH residents. RESULTS: A total of 143 measures were examined across 4 quality measurement programs. Thirty-seven percent of the measures explicitly address ADRD. The programs addressed ADRD in starkly different ways. In Germany, most (13 of 15) measures addressed ADRD, and did so as an exclusion or inclusion criterion, and in Switzerland all the measures addressed ADRD through risk adjustment. In Flanders, Belgium, all measures were calculated without assessing for ADRD. In the Netherlands, one-third of the measures explicitly addressed ADRD by restricting the measure to psychogeriatric units. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Although limited to examining measures from LTCH quality measurement programs in 4 European countries, this study adds evidence that ADRD tends not to be addressed by LTCH quality measures, but when ADRD is addressed, it tends to be through inclusion or exclusion criteria. LTCH regulators, policymakers, and providers can use this information to assess options for addressing ADRD in quality measurement programs. Future research is needed to assess how standard indicators of ADRD care quality differ across quality measurement programs.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Humanos , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Assistência de Longa Duração , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Europa (Continente) , Bélgica
15.
Int J Older People Nurs ; 18(3): e12530, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36840619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity has risen in recent decades and reached epidemic proportions worldwide. The proportion of those living with obesity is also increasing in nursing homes. This could impact the nursing care required, equipment and facilities provided, and morbidity in these settings. Limited evidence exists on clinical consequences of obesity in nursing home residents and their care. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim was to examine the rate and associated factors of obesity (BMI ≥30; class I (BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m2 ), class II (BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m2 ), and class III (BMI >40.0 kg/m2 )) amongst older nursing home residents in European countries. METHODS: We analysed data from 21,836 people who reside in nursing homes in Austria, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. They participated in the "International Prevalence Measurement of Care Quality", a cross sectional study between 2016 and 2019, where trained nurses interviewed the residents, reviewed care records, and conducted clinical examinations. A tested and standardised questionnaire comprised questions on demographic data, measured BMI, medical diagnosis according to ICD-10, and care dependency. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were performed. RESULTS: Obesity rates were highest in Austria (17.1%) and lowest in the UK (13.0%) (p = .006). Residents with obesity were younger and less likely to be care dependent or living with dementia and had more often diabetes mellitus, endocrine, metabolic, and skin diseases compared to residents without obesity (p < .05). Most obese residents had obesity class I. Therefore, two subgroups were built (class I vs. class II + III). Residents with obesity class II + III were more frequently care dependent for mobility, getting dressed and undressed, and personal hygiene compared to residents with class I (p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: This study identified several factors that are associated with obesity amongst older nursing home residents in selected European countries. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The division into obesity classes is important for planning targeted care according to the individual needs of nursing home residents.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Análise de Dados Secundários , Humanos , Idoso , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Casas de Saúde
16.
J Clin Med ; 12(3)2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36769599

RESUMO

With an ageing global population and an increasing focus on aging in place, the number of people in need of geriatric rehabilitation (GR) is rapidly increasing. As current GR practice is very heterogenous, cross-country comparisons could allow us to learn from each other and optimise the effectiveness of GR. However, international GR research comes with many challenges. This article summarises the facilitators and barriers relating to the recruitment of rehabilitation centres, the inclusion of patients, and data collection, as experienced by experts in the field of international GR research. The three most important methodological recommendations for conducting cross-national collaborative research in the field of GR are (1) make use of existing (inter)national networks and social media to aid recruitment of GR centres; (2) clearly define the GR treatment, setting, and patient characteristics in the inclusion criteria; and (3) use a hierarchical study structure to communicate transparently and regularly with both national and local coordinators. International GR research would greatly benefit from the implementation of a core dataset in regular GR care. Therefore, future studies should focus on developing an international consensus regarding the outcomes and corresponding cross-culturally validated measurement instruments to be used during GR.

17.
Eur Geriatr Med ; 14(1): 51-57, 2023 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36484958

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Both the coronavirus (COVID-19) disease and polypharmacy pose a serious threat to nursing home (NH) residents. This study aimed to assess the impact of polypharmacy on 30-day COVID-related mortality in NH residents with COVID-19. METHODS: Multicenter retrospective cohort study including NH residents from 15 NHs in the Netherlands. The impact of polypharmacy on 30-day COVID-related mortality was evaluated and assessed using multivariable logistic regression analyses with correction for age, sex, CCI, BMI and vaccination status. RESULTS: In total, 348 NH residents were included, with a mean age of 84 years (SD = 8); 65% were female, 70% lived in a psychogeriatric ward, with a main diagnosis of dementia. 30-day COVID-related mortality was 27.3%. We found a significant, positive association between the total number of medications and 30-day COVID-related mortality (OR 1.09; 95% CI 1.001-1.20, p = 0.046), after adjustment for age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), Body Mass Index (BMI) and vaccination status. After additional correction for dementia (model 2) and use of PPI, vitamin D, antipsychotics and antithrombotics (model 3), this effect remained positive, but was no longer significant. CONCLUSION: Nursing home residents with a higher number of medications and who were not vaccinated, had a higher 30-day COVID-related mortality. These findings have important implications for the management of COVID-19 in the frail NH population. As such they underline the importance of deprescribing on the one hand, but also of improving vaccination rates on the other.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Demência , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Masculino , Casas de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Polimedicação , Demência/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Front Public Health ; 10: 988076, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299759

RESUMO

Background: Besides confronting the challenges of a growing older population, developing countries are dealing with limited resources and infrastructure, to ensure good health and social care services. One of these developing countries facing these challenges is Ghana. The healthcare system in Ghana currently does not have specialized geriatric services and is funded through the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS), private insurance companies and an out-of-pocket expenditure system. Social care services are important in improving Quality of Life (QoL) as it helps in building and strengthening relationships while also keeping slum-dwelling older adults active. There are various challenges with the health and social care of older adults in slums and practical ways to improve these have not been explored among the providers of this care. Aims: This study, therefore, aimed to explore (1) the views of health professionals on older slum-dwelling adults' health and social care needs, access, and use, and (2) recommendations for improving access to health and social care services among slum-dwelling older adults. Method: A qualitative exploratory descriptive approach was used among health professionals by conducting a focus group discussion (FGD) and interviews. A semi-structured interview guide was used to collect data from each participant. Results: A total of 27 participants took part in the study. In the analysis of transcripts, 3 themes and 14 subthemes were conceptualized. Financial difficulties, queueing issues, distance to health facilities, health illiteracy and negative attitude of health professionals were identified as some barriers to the utilization of formal healthcare services. Social care services were described as non-existent, not structured, and having limited resources to cater for attendants. The health professionals also provided recommendations for improvement. Conclusion: Health professionals in this study discussed barriers to access and use of health and social care services. Addressing these barriers is essential to improve the use of formal health and social care services and diminish health inequity among older adults.


Assuntos
Áreas de Pobreza , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoal de Saúde , Serviço Social , Apoio Social
19.
BMC Nurs ; 21(1): 222, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of pressure injuries among community-dwelling older adults in countries worldwide is still a serious problem. In Indonesia, older adults mostly rely on family members for (medical) care. Therefore, involving family members in the prevention and treatment of pressure injuries (PIs) could potentially decrease its prevalence rates. However, family members are usually not trained for such tasks. Hence, it is essential to first get more insight into the current state of affairs on family members' knowledge, attitude and actual practice of preventing PIs. Due to the lack of an existing instrument to measure knowledge, attitude and practice of family caregivers in preventing PIs, this study focuses on the development and evaluation of psychometric properties of such an instrument. METHODS: Three phases of instrument development and evaluation were used, including item generation, instrument construction and psychometric testing of the instrument. A total of 372 family caregivers of community-dwelling older adults who randomly selected participated in this study. Principal factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha were performed to evaluate factor structure and internal consistency of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Caregivers at Preventing Pressure Injuries (KAP-PI) instrument. RESULTS: The final version of the KAP-PI-instrument consists of a 12-item knowledge domain, a 9-item attitude domain, and a 12-item practice domain with Cronbach's Alpha values of 0.83, 0.93 and 0.89, respectively. The instrument appeared to be both reliable and valid. CONCLUSION: The KAP-PI instrument can be used in family nursing or community nursing practice, education, and research to assess knowledge, attitude and practice of pressure injury prevention of family caregivers.

20.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 103: 104779, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35853273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe and compare the prevalence rates of urinary incontinence as well as the management of urinary incontinence in the nursing home setting in Austria, the Netherlands, Turkey and the UK. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of the 2017 and 2018 data from a multi-site, cross-sectional study which is performed annually in the nursing home setting in Austria, the Netherlands, Turkey and the UK. RESULTS: A total of 23,334 nursing home residents was included in this study, most of whom were female. The urinary incontinence prevalence rates ranged from 13.8% in Turkey to 35.1% in Austria. In all countries, the most frequently used intervention for urinary incontinence management was the use of absorbent products and/or catheters (ranging from 81% in Turkey to 94.5% in Austria). The countries differed with regard to the methods used to assess the type of urinary incontinence, scheduled individual bathroom visits and medication evaluation. In the UK (77.1%), scheduled individual bathroom visits were a more frequent measure than in Austria (51.3%), the Netherlands (24.4%) and Turkey (10.2%). CONCLUSION: The most frequently used nursing intervention in all countries was the use of absorbent products and/or catheters. Future studies on the over- or misuse of these products are warranted. In order to avoid the over- or misuse of these products in the nursing home setting, the use of the evidence- and consensus-based algorithm provided by the Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society™ is recommended.

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