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1.
Policy Polit Nurs Pract ; 25(1): 6-13, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38116640

RESUMO

Due to a growing physician shortage, patients have difficulty accessing primary care. In an effort to expand access and support patient health, many states are reducing barriers for advanced practice registered nurses to provide primary care without physician collaboration. Maryland provides an interesting case study. We leverage Maryland's policy change to explore the effects of full practice authority (FPA), focusing on the number of professionals and health outcomes for patients. Employing a border county comparison between Maryland and Pennsylvania, we estimate the effect of FPA. Our analysis of health outcomes focuses on three county-level health outcomes: poor or fair health, poor mental health days, and preventable hospital stays. We find that FPA is associated with increases in the number of certified nurse midwives by 0.6 per 100,000 residents and nurse practitioners by 22.4 per 100,000 residents. We also find evidence of an association of FPA with reductions in the share of residents who report being in poor or fair health by 2.8 percentage points and poor mental health days per month by 0.354 days per person. Combined, our results provide suggestive evidence that moving to FPA improves access to care and leads to improved health outcomes for Maryland residents. Removing regulatory barriers that prevent certified nurse midwives and nurse practitioners from working to the full extent of their training may increase access to primary care and improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Profissionais de Enfermagem , Médicos , Humanos , Estados Unidos
2.
Policy Polit Nurs Pract ; 24(1): 26-35, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36482692

RESUMO

In this study, we examine how full nurse practitioner (NP) practice authority affects racial and ethnic diversity of the NP workforce. Specifically, the purpose of our research is to understand the relationship between the racial and ethnic composition of the NP workforce, NP level of practice authority, and the communities they service. In this paper, we compare the ethnic and racial composition of the NP workforce to the composition of the state's population, and then observe if there are any noticeable differences in the patients served by NPs when we compare full practice authority (FPA) and non-FPA states. We also estimate how FPA affects the race and ethnicity of Medicare patients served by NPs.


Assuntos
Medicare , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Recursos Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde
3.
Drug Alcohol Depend Rep ; 3: 100042, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36845983

RESUMO

Background: The opioid overdose crisis remains of critical concern after historic increases in overdose mortality in the United States between 2020 and 2021. Improving access to buprenorphine -a partial opioid agonist and one of three FDA-approved medications for opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment- and reducing inappropriate opioid prescriptions may help curb mortality. Here, we examined the impact of Medicaid expansion and pain management clinic laws on opioid prescription rates and buprenorphine availability. Methods: We examined both retail opioid prescriptions per 100 persons in the state population using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and data on buprenorphine distributions in kilograms per 100,000 persons in the state population from the Automated Reports and Consolidated Ordering System database. We employed difference-in-difference frameworks to estimate the impact of Medicaid expansion on buprenorphine access and retail opioid prescription rates. Models considered three separate treatment variables: Medicaid expansion, pain management clinic ("pill mill") laws, and the interaction of Medicaid expansion and pain management clinic laws. Results: Findings showed that Medicaid expansion was associated with increased access to buprenorphine in expansion states that also employed more stringent supply-side policies, including pain management clinic laws, relative to states that did not implement policies targeting the over-supply of prescription opioids over the same time period. Conclusions. Together, Medicaid expansion and policies limiting inappropriate opioid prescriptions show promise for improving the accessibility of buprenorphine treatment for OUD.

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