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JAMA ; 331(10): 840-849, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329440


Importance: It is uncertain whether intravenous methylprednisolone improves outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing endovascular thrombectomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy and adverse events of adjunctive intravenous low-dose methylprednisolone to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke secondary to LVO. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was implemented at 82 hospitals in China, enrolling 1680 patients with stroke and proximal intracranial LVO presenting within 24 hours of time last known to be well. Recruitment took place between February 9, 2022, and June 30, 2023, with a final follow-up on September 30, 2023. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to intravenous methylprednisolone (n = 839) at 2 mg/kg/d or placebo (n = 841) for 3 days adjunctive to endovascular thrombectomy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was disability level at 90 days as measured by the overall distribution of the modified Rankin Scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The primary safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours. Results: Among 1680 patients randomized (median age, 69 years; 727 female [43.3%]), 1673 (99.6%) completed the trial. The median 90-day modified Rankin Scale score was 3 (IQR, 1-5) in the methylprednisolone group vs 3 (IQR, 1-6) in the placebo group (adjusted generalized odds ratio for a lower level of disability, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.96-1.25]; P = .17). In the methylprednisolone group, there was a lower mortality rate (23.2% vs 28.5%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.71-0.98]; P = .03) and a lower rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.6% vs 11.7%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.55-0.99]; P = .04) compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO undergoing endovascular thrombectomy, adjunctive methylprednisolone added to endovascular thrombectomy did not significantly improve the degree of overall disability. Trial Registration: Identifier: ChiCTR2100051729.

AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos
J Neurosurg ; 139(6): 1715-1721, 2023 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37310068


OBJECTIVE: Authors of this study aimed to evaluate the effects of collateral status on the prognostic value of endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with basilar artery occlusion (BAO) due to large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA). METHODS: The study included 312 patients from the BASILAR (Endovascular Treatment for Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study) registry who had undergone EVT for acute BAO due to LAA and whose composite collateral scores were available. The effects of collateral status on EVT were assessed based on the composite collateral score (0-2 vs 3-5). The primary outcome was a favorable outcome (modified Rankin Scale score of 0-3) at 90 days. RESULTS: The composite collateral score was 0-2 in 130 patients and 3-5 in 182. A good collateral status (composite collateral score 3-5) was associated with a favorable outcome (66/182 [36.3%] vs 31/130 [23.8%], adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 2.21, 95% CI 1.18-4.14, p = 0.014). A lower baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was an independent predictor of a favorable outcome in the poor collateral status group (aOR 0.91, 95% CI 0.87-0.96, p = 0.001). In the good collateral status group, there was a significant correlation between favorable outcomes and a younger age (aOR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99, p = 0.016), lower baseline NIHSS score (aOR 0.89, 95% CI 0.85-0.93, p < 0.001), lower proportion of diabetes mellitus (aOR 0.31, 95% CI 0.13-0.75, p = 0.009), and shorter procedure time (aOR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-1.00, p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: A good collateral status was a strong prognostic factor after EVT in patients with BAO underlying LAA. A shorter procedure time was associated with favorable outcomes in patients with a good collateral status.

Arteriopatias Oclusivas , Aterosclerose , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar , Humanos , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Basilar/cirurgia , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/cirurgia , Trombectomia/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia