Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 616
Filtrar
1.
Inflamm Res ; 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by abnormal lipid deposition in the arteries. Programmed cell death is involved in the inflammatory response of atherosclerosis, but PANoptosis, as a new form of programmed cell death, is still unclear in atherosclerosis. This study explored the key PANoptosis-related genes involved in atherosclerosis and their potential mechanisms through bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: We evaluated differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and immune infiltration landscape in atherosclerosis using microarray datasets and bioinformatics analysis. By intersecting PANoptosis-related genes from the GeneCards database with DEGs, we obtained a set of PANoptosis-related genes in atherosclerosis (PANoDEGs). Functional enrichment analysis of PANoDEGs was performed and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of PANoDEGs was established. The machine learning algorithms were used to identify the key PANoDEGs closely linked to atherosclerosis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the diagnostic potency of key PANoDEGs. CIBERSORT was used to analyze the immune infiltration patterns in atherosclerosis, and the Spearman method was used to study the relationship between key PANoDEGs and immune infiltration abundance. The single gene enrichment analysis of key PANoDEGs was investigated by GSEA. The transcription factors and target miRNAs of key PANoDEGs were predicted by Cytoscape and online database, respectively. The expression of key PANoDEGs was validated through animal and cell experiments. RESULTS: PANoDEGs in atherosclerosis were significantly enriched in apoptotic process, pyroptosis, necroptosis, cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway, NOD-like receptor signaling pathway, lipid and atherosclerosis. Four key PANoDEGs (ZBP1, SNHG6, DNM1L, and AIM2) were found to be closely related to atherosclerosis. The ROC curve analysis demonstrated that the key PANoDEGs had a strong diagnostic potential in distinguishing atherosclerotic samples from control samples. Immune cell infiltration analysis revealed that the proportion of initial B cells, plasma cells, CD4 memory resting T cells, and M1 macrophages was significantly higher in atherosclerotic tissues compared to normal tissues. Spearman analysis showed that key PANoDEGs showed strong correlations with immune cells such as T cells, macrophages, plasma cells, and mast cells. The regulatory networks of the four key PANoDEGs were established. The expression of key PANoDEGs was verified in further cell and animal experiments. CONCLUSIONS: This study evaluated the expression changes of PANoptosis-related genes in atherosclerosis, providing a reference direction for the study of PANoptosis in atherosclerosis and offering potential new avenues for further understanding the pathogenesis and treatment strategies of atherosclerosis.

2.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e27710, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515689

RESUMO

Background: One of the most fatal forms of cancer of the urinary system, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), significantly negatively impacts human health. Recent research reveals that abnormal glycosylation contributes to the growth and spread of tumors. However, there is no information on the function of genes related to glycosylation in RCC. Methods: In this study, we created a technique that can be used to guide the choice of immunotherapy and chemotherapy regimens for RCC patients while predicting their survival prognosis. The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) provided us with patient information, while the GeneCards database allowed us to collect genes involved in glycosylation. GSE29609 was used as external validation to assess the accuracy of prognostic models. The "ConsensusClusterPlus" program created molecular subtypes based on genes relevant to glycosylation discovered using differential expression analysis and univariate Cox analysis. We examined immune cell infiltration as measured by estimate, CIBERSORT, TIMER, and ssGSEA algorithms, Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion (TIDE) and exclusion of tumour stemness indices (TSIs) based on glycosylation-related molecular subtypes and risk profiles. Stratification, somatic mutation, nomogram creation, and chemotherapy response prediction were carried out based on risk factors. Results: We built and verified 16 gene signatures associated with the prognosis of ccRCC patients, which are independent prognostic variables, and identified glycosylation-related genes by bioinformatics research. Cluster 2 is associated with lower human leukocyte antigen expression, worse overall survival, higher immunological checkpoints, and higher immune escape scores. In addition, cluster 2 had significantly better angiogenic activity, mesenchymal EMT, and stem ability scores. Higher immune checkpoint genes and human leukocyte antigens are associated with lower overall survival and a higher risk score. Higher estimated and immune scores, lesser tumor purity, lower mesenchymal EMT, and higher stem scores were all characteristics of the high-risk group. High amounts of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, a high mutation load, and a high copy number alteration frequency were present in the high-risk group.Discussion.According to our research, the 16-gene prognostic signature may be helpful in predicting prognosis and developing individualized treatments for patients with renal clear cell carcinoma, which may result in new personalized management options for these patients.

3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 2365, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491012

RESUMO

It remains a challenge to obtain biocompatible afterglow materials with long emission wavelengths, durable lifetimes, and good water solubility. Herein we develop a photooxidation strategy to construct near-infrared afterglow carbon nanodots with an extra-long lifetime of up to 5.9 h, comparable to that of the well-known rare-earth or organic long-persistent luminescent materials. Intriguingly, size-dependent afterglow lifetime evolution from 3.4 to 5.9 h has been observed from the carbon nanodots systems in aqueous solution. With structural/ultrafast dynamics analysis and density functional theory simulations, we reveal that the persistent luminescence in carbon nanodots is activated by a photooxidation-induced dioxetane intermediate, which can slowly release and convert energy into luminous emission via the steric hindrance effect of nanoparticles. With the persistent near-infrared luminescence, tissue penetration depth of 20 mm can be achieved. Thanks to the high signal-to-background ratio, biological safety and cancer-specific targeting ability of carbon nanodots, ultralong-afterglow guided surgery has been successfully performed on mice model to remove tumor tissues accurately, demonstrating potential clinical applications. These results may facilitate the development of long-lasting luminescent materials for precision tumor resection.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Animais , Camundongos , Luminescência
4.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 27(2): 133-137, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453445

RESUMO

As a new diagnosis and treatment decision-making model, shared decision making (SDM) can effectively solve the problem of patient compliance in the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic tumors, balance the status of both doctors and patients, and gradually get attention and application in the clinical practice of thoracic surgery. The application of SDM in the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic tumors is conducive to improve doctors' diagnosis and treatment level and alleviating the pressure of responsibility, reduce patients' psychological pressure and improve patients' compliance and also improve medical trust and reduce doctor-patient conflict. Due to the limited medical literacy and autonomy of patients, the time for diagnosis and treatment is short due to the imbalance of doctor-patient ratio. Meanwhile, due to the limited sample size of existing studies, SDM model cannot be proved to have a clear gain for the treatment of thoracic tumors, and the implementation of SDM model still faces resistance. In the future, the development of auxiliary decision-making system and the improvement of doctors' humanistic care ability will be conducive to promote the practical application of SDM model in thoracic surgery.
.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Médicos , Humanos , Tomada de Decisão Compartilhada , Tomada de Decisões , Relações Médico-Paciente
5.
Curr Issues Mol Biol ; 46(3): 2155-2165, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38534755

RESUMO

An increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a poor prognostic biomarker in various types of cancer, because it reflects the inhibition of lymphocytes in the circulation and tumors. In urologic cancers, upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is known for its aggressive features and lack of T cell infiltration; however, the association between neutrophils and suppressed T lymphocytes in UTUC is largely unknown. In this study, we examined the relationship between UTUC-derived factors and tumor-associated neutrophils or T lymphocytes. The culture supernatant from UTUC tumor tissue modulated neutrophils to inhibit T cell proliferation. Among the dominant factors secreted by UTUC tumor tissue, apolipoprotein A1 (Apo-A1) exhibited a positive correlation with NLR. Moreover, tumor-infiltrating neutrophils were inversely correlated with tumor-infiltrating T cells. Elevated Apo-A1 levels in UTUC were also inversely associated with the population of tumor-infiltrating T cells. Our findings indicate that elevated Apo-A1 expression in UTUC correlates with tumor-associated neutrophils and T cells. This suggests a potential immunomodulatory effect on neutrophils and T cells within the tumor microenvironment, which may represent therapeutic targets for UTUC treatment.

6.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 45(3): 1769-1780, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471888

RESUMO

To further explore the characteristics of heavy metal pollution and the ecological risk of typical industries in reclaimed soil, based on data from 315 different depth profiles of soil samples collected from 49 plots in Jiading District, Shanghai, the geo-accumulation index and potential ecological risk index were used to evaluate the contents and potential ecological risk of seven heavy metals, namely Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, Hg, and As. The APCS-MLR receptor model and PMF positive matrix factorization model were employed to analyze the pollution sources. The results showed that:① except for As, the contents of other heavy metals in the soil of the study area exceeded the Shanghai soil background values to varying degrees. The contents of Cd, Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, and Hg in the surface soil were 3.54, 2.34, 2.91, 1.20, 3.75, and 4.40 times the background values, respectively. The contents of heavy metals in the soil decreased with the increase in depth, and heavy metals were enriched to a certain extent in the surface soil, indicating that human activities had an impact on the distribution of heavy metals in the soil. ② The APCS-MLR and PMF receptor models identified four main sources of soil heavy metals in the study area. Source 1 (Cu, Zn, and Pb) was a mixture of metal products and automobile manufacturing, source 2 (Ni and Cd) was electroplating enterprises, source 3 (Hg) was mainly from chemical enterprises, and source 4 (As) was natural. The combined use of the two receptor models further improved the accuracy and credibility of source identification. ③ The geo-accumulation index in descending order was Hg(1.54)>Ni(1.32)>Cd(1.21)>Cu(0.96)>Pb(0.64)>Zn(-0.33)>As(-1.02). The potential ecological risk index showed that the comprehensive potential ecological risk index RI value in the study area ranged from 32.50 to 4 910.97, with a mean of 321.40, indicating a strong potential ecological risk. The pollution values of heavy metals Hg, Ni, and Cd in industrial site soil deserve further attention for re-development and utilization purposes.

7.
Plant Physiol ; 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38478469

RESUMO

The Xishuangbanna (XIS) cucumber (Cucumis sativus var. xishuangbannanesis) is a semiwild variety that has many distinct agronomic traits. Here, long -reads generated by Nanopore sequencing technology helped assembling a high-quality genome (contig N50 = 8.7 Mb) of landrace XIS49. A total of 10,036 structural/sequence variations (SVs) were identified when comparing with Chinese Long (CL), and known SVs controlling spines, tubercles, and carpel number were confirmed in XIS49 genome. Two QTLs of hypocotyl elongation under low light, SH3.1 and SH6.1 were fine-mapped using introgression lines (donor parent, XIS49; recurrent parent, CL). SH3.1 encodes a red-light receptor Phytochrome B (PhyB, CsaV3_3G015190). An ∼4 kb large deletion (DEL) and highly divergent regions (HDRs) were identified in the promoter of the PhyB gene in XIS49. Loss of function of this PhyB caused a super-long hypocotyl phenotype. SH6.1 encodes a CCCH-type zinc finger protein FRIGIDA-ESSENTIAL LIKE (FEL, CsaV3_6G050300). FEL negatively regulated hypocotyl elongation but it was transcriptionally suppressed by a long terminal repeats (LTRs) retrotransposon insertion in CL cucumber. Mechanistically, FEL physically binds to the promoter of CONSTITUTIVE PHOTOMORPHOGENIC 1a (COP1a), regulating the expression of COP1a and the downstream hypocotyl elongation. These above results demonstrate the genetic mechanism of cucumber hypocotyl elongation under low light.

8.
J Nutr ; 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Weaning usually causes low feed intake and weight loss in piglets, which mobilizes lipid to energize. The microbe-derived antioxidants (MAs) exhibit great potential in antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and metabolic regulation. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the changes of lipid metabolism postweaning and effects of MA on growth performance and hepatic lipid metabolism in weanling piglets. METHODS: In the first experiment, piglets weaned at 21 d of age were slaughtered on weaning day (d0), 4 (d4), and 14 (d14) postweaning (6 piglets per day). In the second experiment, piglets were divided into 2 groups, receiving MA (MA) and saline gavage (CON), respectively. All piglets were weaned at 21 d of age and 6 piglets from each group were slaughtered at 25 d of age. RESULTS: In experiment 1, the serum triglyceride, total cholesterol (TC), and LDL cholesterol on d4 and d14 declined significantly compared with d0 (P < 0.05). The serum leptin on d0 was higher than that on d4 and d14 (P < 0.05). The serum ghrelin kept increasing from d0 to d14 (P < 0.05). The hepatic hormone-sensitive lipase and adipose triglyceride lipase first increased from d0 to d4 and then decreased from d4 to d14 (P < 0.05). In experiment 2, the average daily gain and average daily feed intake from 21 to 25 d of age increased in the MA group compared with the CON group (P < 0.05). The serum TC, hepatic TC, and glucose of MA group showed a significant increase than that of the CON group (P < 0.05). The expression of SCD1, ACAT2, and PPARγ were upregulated in the MA group (P < 0.05). Contrary to the decreased expression of phosphorylation of adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase alfa subunit (Thr172), the nuclear sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c, fatty acid synthase, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma of MA group increased than that of CON group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Weaning promoted hepatic lipolysis and MA could enhance lipid synthesis by regulating adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase alfa subunit-sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1c pathway, thus improving growth performance of weanling piglets.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 918: 170654, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331284

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are now prevalent in aquatic ecosystems, prompting the use of constructed wetlands (CWs) for remediation. However, the interaction between MPs and CWs, including removal efficiency, mechanisms, and impacts, remains a subject requiring significant investigation. This review investigates the removal of MPs in CWs and assesses their impact on the removal of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. The analysis identifies crucial factors influencing the removal of MPs, with substrate particle size and CWs structure playing key roles. The review highlights substrate retention as the primary mechanism for MP removal. MPs hinder plant nitrogen uptake, microbial growth, community composition, and nitrogen-related enzymes, reducing nitrogen removal in CWs. For phosphorus and carbon removal, adverse effects of MPs on phosphorus elimination are observed, while their impact on carbon removal is minimal. Further research is needed to understand their influence fully. In summary, CWs are a promising option for treating MPs-contaminated wastewater, but the intricate relationship between MPs and CWs necessitates ongoing research to comprehend their dynamics and potential consequences.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos , Fósforo , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Áreas Alagadas , Ecossistema , Carbono , Nutrientes
10.
Histol Histopathol ; : 18720, 2024 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38390782

RESUMO

Dead-End 1 (DND1) is an RNA-binding protein (RBP) with regulatory functions in multiple cancers, including gastric and colorectal. Nevertheless, the role that DND1 plays in prostatic cancer (PCa) as well as the hidden molecular mechanism is still obscure. The gene expression of DND1 and survival analyses in PCa were analyzed by the UALCAN database. Expression of DND1 and chloride intracellular channel 4 (CLIC4) were detected by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. The Cell Counting Kit-8 assay and EDU staining were employed for the estimation of cell viability. The capabilities of cells to migrate and invade were appraised by the wound healing assay as well as the Transwell assay, while epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was measured by immunofluorescence and western blot assay. The interaction of DND1 and CLIC4 was predicted by PCTA, linkedomics, and RPISeq databases. It was discovered that DND1 expression was elevated in PCa cells. DND1 silencing had suppressive impacts on cells' proliferative, migrative, and invasive capabilities as well as EMT in DU145 and 22Rv1 cells. Mechanistically, bioinformatic analysis demonstrated that DND1 was negatively correlated with CLIC4 and that DND1 protein could bind to CLIC4 mRNA. Additionally, the CLIC4 level was reduced in PCa cells. CLIC4 depletion countervailed the suppressive impacts of DND1 deficiency on the capabilities of DU145 and 22Rv1 cells to proliferate, migrate, and invade as well as the process of EMT. These results suggested that DND1 silencing repressed the proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT in PCa by regulating the mRNA level of CLIC4.

11.
J Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 46(3): 159-164, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408140

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a highly aggressive primitive sarcoma with a 5-year survival rate estimated at only 15% to 30%. Although few curative treatment options exist, patients are most often treated with a combination of aggressive chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Targeted therapy inhibitors of platelet-derived growth factor A, insulin-like growth factor receptor 1, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, which are almost uniformly overexpressed in DSRCT, have largely failed in clinical trials. Anlotinib is a multitarget receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor that inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1-3, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1-4, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α/ß, c-Kit, and Met. In this study, we presented 3 cases of DSRCT treated effectively with anlotinib combined with chemotherapy. CASE PRESENTATION: Three children DSRCT patients were enrolled from September 2020 to December 2021 and monitored until August 30, 2022. The clinical data were prospectively studied. The peritoneal cancer index classified all 3 patients as stage IV. After surgery, all 3 patients received anlotinib in combination with chemotherapy and reacted to the medication. For all 3 patients, clinical symptoms were substantially eased, and the size of the masses was reduced. Patient 1 and patient 3's progression-free survival had been extended, and anlotinib was continued as a maintenance medication in the 2 patients who were in good health at the end of the follow-up. Patient 2 died of postoperative complications 1 month after second-stage surgery. The main side effects of anlotinib were fatigue and hypertension. However, its toxicity was controllable and tolerable in children patients. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report that anlotinib is effective in children with DSRCT. This report may provide an additional option for the treatment of metastatic DSRCT.


Assuntos
Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas , Quinolinas , Criança , Humanos , Tumor Desmoplásico de Pequenas Células Redondas/terapia , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
12.
Environ Toxicol ; 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38356441

RESUMO

The early myocardial response of hypertension is an elevation of angiotensin-II (Ang-II) concentration, leading to heart failure and cardiac hypertrophy. This hypertrophic event of the heart is mediated by the interaction of Ang type 1 receptors (AT-R1), thereby modulating NADPH oxidase activity in cardiomyocytes, which alters redox status in cardiomyocytes. Ellagic acid (EA) has anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative capacities. Thus, EA has potential preventive effects on cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. In the last decades, because the protective effect of EA on Ang-II-induced hypertrophic responses is unclear, this study aims to investigate the protective effect of EA in cardiomyocytes. H9c2 cells were treated to Ang-II 1 µM for 24 h to induce cellular damage. We found that EA protected against Ang-II-increased cell surface area and pro-hypertrophic gene expression in H9c2. EA reduced Ang-II-caused AT-R1 upregulation, thereby inhibiting oxidative stress NADPH oxidase activation. EA mitigated Ang-II-enhanced p38 and extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation. Moreover, EA treatment under Ang-II stimulation also reversed NF-κB activity and iNOS expression. This study shows that EA protects against Ang-II-induced myocardial hypertrophy and attenuates oxidative stress through reactive oxygen species-mediated mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways in H9c2 cells. Thus, EA may be an effective compound for preventing Ang-II-induced myocardial hypertrophy.

13.
Mol Immunol ; 166: 29-38, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38218080

RESUMO

C1s enzyme (active C1s) is a subunit of the complement C1 complex that cleaves low-density lipoprotein receptor-related proteins 5 and 6, leading to Wnt/ß-catenin pathway activation in some cell lines. Macrophages have two major functional polarization states (the classically activated M1 state and the alternatively activated M2 state) and play an essential role in atherosclerosis. An increasing amount of evidence suggests that canonical Wnt signaling is related to macrophage polarization. In this study, we explored the cytoprotective effects of C1s enzyme in macrophages. The results show that C1s enzyme activates canonical Wnt signaling in macrophages, exacerbates macrophage M2 polarization, and inhibits M1 polarization. Moreover, C1s enzyme reduces foam cell formation and simultaneously enhances efferocytosis. This study reveals a novel function of C1s enzyme in macrophages in the context of atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Complemento C1s , Macrófagos , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Humanos , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Células Espumosas/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Complemento C1s/metabolismo
14.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 22, 2024 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38197890

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate predictive factors of increasing intravesical recurrence (IVR) rate in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) after receiving radical nephroureterectomy (RNUx) with bladder cuff excision (BCE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 2114 patients were included from the updated data of the Taiwan UTUC Collaboration Group. It was divided into two groups: IVR-free and IVR after RNUx, with 1527 and 587 patients, respectively. To determine the factors affecting IVR, TNM stage, the usage of pre-operative ureteroscopy, and pathological outcomes were evaluated. The Kaplan-Meier estimator was used to estimate the rates of prognostic outcomes in overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), disease-free survival (DFS), and bladder recurrence-free survival (BRFS), and the survival curves were compared using the stratified log-rank test. RESULTS: Based on our research, ureter tumor, female, smoking history, age (< 70 years old), multifocal tumor, history of bladder cancer were determined to increase the risk of IVR after univariate analysis. The multivariable analysis revealed that female (BRFS for male: HR 0.566, 95% CI 0.469-0.681, p < 0.001), ureter tumor (BRFS: HR 1.359, 95% CI 1.133-1.631, p = 0.001), multifocal (BRFS: HR 1.200, 95% CI 1.001-1.439, p = 0.049), history of bladder cancer (BRFS: HR 1.480, 95% CI 1.118-1.959, p = 0.006) were the prognostic factors for IVR. Patients who ever received ureterorenoscopy (URS) did not increase the risk of IVR. CONCLUSION: Patients with ureter tumor and previous bladder UC history are important factors to increase the risk of IVR after RNUx. Pre-operative URS manipulation is not associated with higher risk of IVR and diagnostic URS is feasible especially for insufficient information of image study. More frequent surveillance regimen may be needed for these patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células de Transição , Neoplasias Ureterais , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/cirurgia , Nefroureterectomia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Ureterais/cirurgia
15.
Sci Adv ; 10(4): eadh3409, 2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38277448

RESUMO

The innate immune response contributes to the development or attenuation of acute and chronic diseases, including cancer. Microbial DNA and mislocalized DNA from damaged host cells can activate different host responses that shape disease outcomes. Here, we show that mice and humans lacking a single allele of the DNA repair protein Ku70 had increased susceptibility to the development of intestinal cancer. Mechanistically, Ku70 translocates from the nucleus into the cytoplasm where it binds to cytosolic DNA and interacts with the GTPase Ras and the kinase Raf, forming a tripartite protein complex and docking at Rab5+Rab7+ early-late endosomes. This Ku70-Ras-Raf signalosome activates the MEK-ERK pathways, leading to impaired activation of cell cycle proteins Cdc25A and CDK1, reducing cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. We also identified the domains of Ku70, Ras, and Raf involved in activating the Ku70 signaling pathway. Therapeutics targeting components of the Ku70 signalosome could improve the treatment outcomes in cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proliferação de Células , DNA , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases , Neoplasias/genética
16.
Front Biosci (Landmark Ed) ; 29(1): 19, 2024 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38287820

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common malignancy of the skin, and its incidence is increasing annually. Once cSCC becomes metastatic, its associated mortality rate is much higher than that of cSCC in situ. However, the current treatments for progressive cSCC have several limitations. The aim of this study was to suggest a potential compound for future research that may benefit patients with cSCC. METHODS: In this study, we screened the following differentially expressed genes from the Gene Expression Omnibus database: GSE42677, GSE45164, GSE66359, and GSE98767. Using strategies such as protein-protein interaction network analysis and the CYTOSCAPE plugin MCODE, key modules were identified and then verified by Western blotting. Subsequently, related signalling pathways were constituted in the SIGNOR database. Finally, molecular docking analyses and cell viability assay were used to identify a potential candidate drug and verify its growth inhibition ability to A431 cell line. RESULTS: Fifty-one common differentially expressed genes were screened and two key modules were identified. Among them, three core genes were extracted, constituting two signalling pathways, both of which belong to the module associated with mitotic spindles and cell division. A pathway involving CDK1, the TPX2-KIF11 complex, and spindle organization was validated in a series of analyses, including analyses for overall survival, genetic alteration, and molecular structure. Molecular docking analyses identified the pyridine 2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (NSC689534), which interacts with TPX2 and KIF11, as a potential candidate for the treatment of cSCC. CONCLUSIONS: NSC689534 might be a candidate drug for cSCC targeting TPX2 and KIF11, which are hub genes in cSCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Tiossemicarbazonas , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
17.
J Chem Inf Model ; 64(7): 2454-2466, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38181418

RESUMO

High-quality protein-ligand complex structures provide the basis for understanding the nature of noncovalent binding interactions at the atomic level and enable structure-based drug design. However, experimentally determined complex structures are scarce compared with the vast chemical space. In this study, we addressed this issue by constructing the BindingNet data set via comparative complex structure modeling, which contains 69,816 modeled high-quality protein-ligand complex structures with experimental binding affinity data. BindingNet provides valuable insights into investigating protein-ligand interactions, allowing visual inspection and interpretation of structural analogues' structure-activity relationships. It can also be used for evaluating machine-learning-based scoring functions. Our results indicate that machine learning models trained on BindingNet could reduce the bias caused by buried solvent-accessible surface area, as we previously found for models trained on the PDBbind data set. We also discussed strategies to improve BindingNet and its potential utilization for benchmarking the molecular docking methods and ligand binding free energy calculation approaches. The BindingNet complements PDBbind in constructing a sufficient and unbiased protein-ligand binding data set and is freely available at http://bindingnet.huanglab.org.cn.


Assuntos
Desenho de Fármacos , Proteínas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Ligantes , Proteínas/química , Ligação Proteica
18.
Animals (Basel) ; 14(2)2024 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38254359

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the dynamic changes in hepatic glucose metabolism in response to early weaning. A total of 60 piglets were randomly selected and weaned at 21 days old. Six piglets were slaughtered on the weaning day (d0) and at 1 (d1), 4 (d4), 7 (d7), and 14 (d14) days postweaning. The results illustrated that body weight significantly increased from d4 to d14 (p < 0.001). Serum glucose fell sharply after weaning and then remained at a low level from d1 to d14 (p < 0.001). Serum insulin decreased from d4 (p < 0.001), which caused hepatic glycogen to be broken down (p = 0.007). The glucose-6-phosphatase activity increased from d0 to d4 and then decreased from d4 to d14 (p = 0.039). The pyruvate carboxylase activity presented a significant sustained increase from d0 to d14 (p < 0.001). The succinate (p = 0.006) and oxaloacetate (p = 0.003) content on d4 was lower than that on d0. The succinate dehydrogenase activity (p = 0.008) and ATP (p = 0.016) production decreased significantly on d4 compared to that on d0. Taken together, these findings reveal the dynamic changes of metabolites and enzymes related to hepatic glycometabolism and the TCA (tricarboxylic acid) cycle in piglets after weaning. Our findings enrich weaning stress theory and might provide a reference for dietary intervention.

19.
J Org Chem ; 89(3): 1633-1647, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38235569

RESUMO

A metal-free and atom-economic route for the synthesis of naphtho[1,2-b]furan-3-ones has been realized via p-TsOH·H2O-catalyzed intramolecular tandem double cyclization of γ-hydroxy acetylenic ketones with alkynes in formic acid. The benzene-linked furanonyl-ynes are the key intermediates obtained by the scission/recombination of C-O double bonds. Further, the structural modifications of the representative product were implemented by reduction, demethylation, substitution, and [5 + 2]-cycloaddition.

20.
BMC Med Genomics ; 17(1): 35, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38273299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysbacteriosis of intestinal tract may cause systemic inflammation, making distant anatomical locations more susceptible to illness. Recent research has demonstrated that the microbiome can affect both prostatitis and the inflammation of the prostate that is linked to prostate cancer. It is still unclear, though, whether this relationship indicates causation. We conducted a Mendelian randomization investigation on two samples to fully uncover gut microbiota's potential genetic causal role in prostatitis. METHOD: Prostatitis (1859 prostatitis cases and 72,799 controls) was utilized as the outcome, while SNPs highly linked with 196 microbial taxa (18 340 people) were chosen as instrumental factors. Random effects, inverse variance weighting, weighted medians, and MR-Egger were used to analyze causal effects. The Cochran's Q test, funnel plot, leave-one-out analysis, and MR-Egger intercept test were all used in the sensitivity analysis. RESULTS: A causal effect in lowering the incidence of prostatitis is anticipated for five gut microorganisms (Methanobacteria, Methanobacteriaceae, Erysipelatoclostridium, Parasutterella, and Slackia; P < 0.05). Four gut bacteria, including Faecalibacterium, LachnospiraceaeUCG004, Sutterella, and Gastranaerophilales, are predicted to play a causal role in increasing the risk of prostatitis (P < 0.05). There were no discernible estimates of pleiotropy or heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Our investigation established the genetic links between nine gut microorganisms and prostatitis, which may offer fresh perspectives and a theoretical framework for the future prevention and management of prostatitis.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Prostatite , Masculino , Humanos , Prostatite/genética , Inflamação , Nonoxinol , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...