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1.
Virology ; 595: 110098, 2024 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705084

RESUMO

Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most important pathogens of healthcare-associated infections. The rising prevalence of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MRAB) strains and biofilm formation impact the outcome of conventional treatment. Phage-related therapy is a promising strategy to tame troublesome multidrug-resistant bacteria. Here, we isolated and evaluated a highly efficient lytic phage called MRABP9 from hospital sewage. The phage was a novel species within the genus Friunavirus and exhibited lytic activity against 2 other identified MRAB strains. Genomic analysis revealed it was a safe virulent phage and a pectate lyase domain was identified within its tail spike protein. MRABP9 showed potent bactericidal and anti-biofilm activity against MRAB, significantly delaying the time point of bacterial regrowth in vitro. Phage administration could rescue the mice from acute lethal MRAB infection. Considering its features, MRABP9 has the potential as an efficient candidate for prophylactic and therapeutic use against acute infections caused by MRAB strains.

2.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 24: 322-333, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690549

RESUMO

Data curation for a hospital-based cancer registry heavily relies on the labor-intensive manual abstraction process by cancer registrars to identify cancer-related information from free-text electronic health records. To streamline this process, a natural language processing system incorporating a hybrid of deep learning-based and rule-based approaches for identifying lung cancer registry-related concepts, along with a symbolic expert system that generates registry coding based on weighted rules, was developed. The system is integrated with the hospital information system at a medical center to provide cancer registrars with a patient journey visualization platform. The embedded system offers a comprehensive view of patient reports annotated with significant registry concepts to facilitate the manual coding process and elevate overall quality. Extensive evaluations, including comparisons with state-of-the-art methods, were conducted using a lung cancer dataset comprising 1428 patients from the medical center. The experimental results illustrate the effectiveness of the developed system, consistently achieving F1-scores of 0.85 and 1.00 across 30 coding items. Registrar feedback highlights the system's reliability as a tool for assisting and auditing the abstraction. By presenting key registry items along the timeline of a patient's reports with accurate code predictions, the system improves the quality of registrar outcomes and reduces the labor resources and time required for data abstraction. Our study highlights advancements in cancer registry coding practices, demonstrating that the proposed hybrid weighted neural-symbolic cancer registry system is reliable and efficient for assisting cancer registrars in the coding workflow and contributing to clinical outcomes.

3.
J Chem Phys ; 160(18)2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38716854

RESUMO

The translocation of polymers through nanopores is a complex process influenced by various factors. In this study, the translocation behavior of a two-dimensional active polymer chain, comprised of a head active Brownian particle (ABP) and a tail passive polymer chain, through a nanopore is studied using Langevin dynamics simulations. Results show that the effect of the self-propulsion force of the ABP on the translocation differs significantly from the driving force inside the pore for traditional polymer translocations. Specifically, the translocation time τ initially increases with increasing the magnitude fs of the self-propulsion force and then decreases with a further increase in fs. A small fs lowers the potential barrier for the translocation and thus promotes slow translocations, whereas a large fs directly pulls the polymer chain through the nanopore following the scaling relation τ ∝ fs-1. Moreover, two asymptotic scaling relations between τ and polymer length N, τ ∝ Nα, are found, with the exponent α of about 2.5 for small fs or long N and the exponent α of about 1.4 for short active polymers with large fs. We discover that the slow rotation of the ABP accelerates the translocation process.

4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 349, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although it is generally believed that the femoral neck fracture is related to the femoral neck geometric parameters (FNGPs), the association between the risk of osteoporotic fracture of the femoral neck and FNGPs in native Chinese women is still unclear. METHODS: A total of 374 female patients (mean age 70.2 ± 9.32 years) with osteoporotic fracture of the femoral neck, and 374 non-fracture control groups were completely matched with the case group according to the age ratio of 1:1. Using DXA bone densitometer to measured eight FNGPs: the outer diameter (OD), cross-sectional area (CSA), cortical thickness (CT), endocortical diameter (ED), buckling ratio (BR), section modulus (SM), cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI), and compressive strength index (CSI) at the narrowest point of the femoral neck. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the average values of OD (2.9%), ED (4.5%), and BR (26.1%) in the patient group significantly increased (p = 0.015 to < 0.001), while CSA (‒15.3%), CT (‒18.2%), SM (‒10.3%), CSMI (‒6.4%), and CSI (‒10.8%) significantly decreased (all p < 0.001). The prevalence of osteoporosis in the lumbar spine, femoral neck, and total hip was, respectively, 82%, 81%, and 65% in fracture patients. Cox proportional hazard model analysis showed that in the age adjusted model, the fracture hazard ratio (HR) of CSA, CT, BR, SM, and CSI significantly increased (HRs = 1.60‒8.33; 95% CI = 1.08‒16.6; all p < 0.001). In the model adjusted for age and femoral neck BMD, HRs of CT (HRs = 3.90‒8.03; 95% CI = 2.45‒15.1; all p < 0.001) and BR (HRs = 1.62‒2.60; 95% CI = 1.20‒5.44; all p < 0.001) were still significantly increased. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the majority of osteoporotic fractures of the femoral neck of native Chinese women occur in patients with osteoporosis. CT thinning or BR increase of FNGPs may be independent predictors of fragility fracture of femoral neck in native Chinese women unrelated to BMD.


Assuntos
Absorciometria de Fóton , Densidade Óssea , Fraturas do Colo Femoral , Colo do Fêmur , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Humanos , Feminino , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/etnologia , Idoso , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , China/epidemiologia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Povo Asiático , Fatores de Risco , População do Leste Asiático
5.
J Clin Invest ; 134(9)2024 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690728

RESUMO

Hypothermia is commonly used to protect donor hearts during transplantation. However, patients transplanted with aged donor hearts still have severe myocardial injury and decreased survival rates, but the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Because aged hearts are not considered suitable for donation, the number of patients awaiting heart transplants is increasing. In this study, we examined whether hypothermic cardioprotection was attenuated in aged donor hearts during transplantation and evaluated potential therapeutic targets. Using a rat heart transplantation model, we found that hypothermic cardioprotection was impaired in aged donor hearts but preserved in young donor hearts. RNA-Seq showed that cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (Cirbp) expression was decreased in aged donor hearts, and these hearts showed severe ferroptosis after transplantation. The young donor hearts from Cirbp-KO rats exhibited attenuated hypothermic cardioprotection, but Cirbp overexpression in aged donor hearts ameliorated hypothermic cardioprotection. Cardiac proteomes revealed that dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) expression was significantly decreased in Cirbp-KO donor hearts during transplantation. Consequently, DHODH-mediated ubiquinone reduction was compromised, thereby exacerbating cardiac lipid peroxidation and triggering ferroptosis after transplantation. A cardioplegic solution supplemented with CIRBP agonists improved hypothermic cardioprotection in aged donor hearts, indicating that this method has the potential to broaden the indications for using aged donor hearts in transplantation.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Transplante de Coração , Animais , Ratos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Masculino , Doadores de Tecidos , Hipotermia Induzida , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/genética
6.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2024: 9273705, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38737631

RESUMO

The accurate determination of the free nicotine content in cigarette smoke is crucial for assessing cigarette quality, studying harm and addiction, and reducing tar levels. Currently, the determination of free nicotine in tobacco products primarily relies on methods such as pH calculation, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME), and traditional solvent extraction. However, these methods have limitations that restrict their widespread application. In this study, the free nicotine in cigarette smoke was directly extracted by using cyclohexane according to the traditional solvent extraction method and detected via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Compared with the traditional two-phase solvent extraction, our experimental method is easy to execute and eliminates the influence of aqueous solutions on the original distribution of nicotine in cigarette smoke particulate matter. Furthermore, the presence of protonated nicotine in tobacco does not affect the determination. Compared with HS-SPME and NMR spectroscopy, our approach, which involves solvent extraction followed by chromatographic separation and instrumental detection, offers simplicity, improved precision, better detection limits, and reduced interference during the instrumental detection stage. The standard addition recoveries in the conducted experiment ranged from 96.2% to 102.5%. The limit of detection was 2.8 µg/cig, and the correlation coefficient (R2) for the quadratic regression of the standard curve exceeded 0.999. The relative standard deviation for parallel samples was between 1.7% and 3.4% (n = 5), fully meeting the requirements for the determination of free nicotine in cigarette smoke. Analysis of cigarette samples from 38 commercially available brands revealed that the content of free nicotine ranged from 0.376 to 0.716 mg/cig, with an average of 0.540 mg/cig, and free nicotine accounted for 39.1%-88.8% of the total nicotine content.

7.
Nutrients ; 16(9)2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38732554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overconsumption of sodium has been identified as a key driving factor for diet-related cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). China, being a country bearing a hefty burden of CVD, has a large population with diverse cultural traditions and ethnic beliefs, which complicates the patterns of dietary sodium intake, necessitating a systematic investigation into the profile of the high sodium intake (HSI)-related burden of CVD within its subregions. This study aims to estimate the evolving patterns of HSI-induced CVD burden across China from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: The methodology used in the Global Burden of Disease Study was followed to assess deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) by age, sex, region, and socio-demographic index (SDI). The estimated annual percentage change (EAPC) was calculated to quantify the secular changes in the age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) and age-standardized DALY rate (ASDR). RESULTS: In 2019, 0.79 million deaths and 1.93 million DALYs of CVD were attributed to HSI, an increase of 53.91% and 39.39% since 1990, respectively. Nevertheless, a downward trend in ASMR (EAPC: -1.45, 95% CI: -1.55, -1.35) and ASDR (EAPC: -1.61, 95% CI: -1.68, -1.53) was detected over time. ASMR and ASDR were higher for males, individuals aged ≥60 years, and regions with low-middle SDI. A markedly negative association between the EAPC in both ASMR and ASDR and the SDI was found in 2019 (ρ = -0.659, p < 0.001 and ρ = -0.558, p < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The HSI-induced CVD burden is gender-, age-, and socioeconomic-dependent. Integrated and targeted strategies for CVD prevention are anticipated in the future throughout China.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Sódio na Dieta , Humanos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , China/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Longitudinais , Idoso , Adulto , Sódio na Dieta/efeitos adversos , Sódio na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Deficiência/tendências , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Adolescente , Fatores de Risco
8.
Exp Cell Res ; 438(2): 114061, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692345

RESUMO

Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a prevalent cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality rates worldwide. Pyroptosis is an inflammatory form of programmed cell death that has been linked to various pathological conditions. However, its exact contribution to the onset and progression of heart injury in AMI has not yet fully elucidated. Herein, we established mouse AMI model by ligating the left anterior descending artery and performed transcriptome analysis during the early phase of AMI. Mouse HL-1 and human AC-16 cardiomyocytes were subjected to hypoxia to simulate ischemic injury in vitro. Our results revealed a significant activation of the inflammatory response at 3 h post-ligation, as confirmed by RNA sequencing. We identified the occurrence of NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis in the cardiac tissues of human cases with AMI, as well as in mouse models of AMI and hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes, using immunohistochemistry staining and Western blotting assays. Concurrently, pharmacological inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis with MCC950 and VX-765 effectively decreased hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes injury, while mitigating myocardial oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation caused by hypoxia. Moreover, the circulating levels of gasdermin D (GSDMD), the pyroptosis executor, were remarkably elevated in the plasma of mice with early AMI and in the supernatant of hypoxia-exposed cardiomyocytes in a time-dependent manner using ELISA and Western blotting. Furthermore, the change in circulating GSDMD positively correlated with Creatine Kinase-MB (CK-MB) in the plasma of early-stage AMI mouse. In summary, these findings indicated a critical role for NLRP3 inflammasome-mediated pyroptosis in the progression of AMI, the administration of MCC950 and VX-765 may be attractive candidate therapeutic approaches for cardiac injury caused by acute hypoxia or even AMI. Additionally, the circulating GSDMD exhibits potential as a newly diagnostic biomarker for AMI.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Furanos , Inflamação , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Infarto do Miocárdio , Miócitos Cardíacos , Estresse Oxidativo , Piroptose , Sulfonamidas , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Camundongos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Masculino , Furanos/farmacologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Indenos/farmacologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , para-Aminobenzoatos/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Hipóxia/complicações , Dipeptídeos
9.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; : 107731, 2024 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies report that radiomics provides additional information for predicting hematoma expansion in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). However, the comparison of diagnostic performance of radiomics for predicting revised hematoma expansion (RHE) remains unclear. METHODS: The cohort comprised 312 consecutive patients with ICH. A total of 1106 radiomics features from seven categories were extracted using Python software. Support vector machines achieved the best performance in both the training and validation datasets. Clinical factors models were constructed to predict RHE. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to assess the abilities of non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) signs, radiomics features, and combined models to predict RHE. RESULTS: We finally selected the top 21 features for predicting RHE. After univariate analysis, 4 clinical factors and 5 NCCT signs were selected for inclusion in the prediction models. In the training and validation dataset, radiomics features had a higher predictive value for RHE (AUC = 0.83) than a single NCCT sign and expansion-prone hematoma. The combined prediction model including radiomics features, clinical factors, and NCCT signs achieved higher predictive performances for RHE (AUC = 0.88) than other combined models. CONCLUSIONS: NCCT radiomics features have a good degree of discrimination for predicting RHE in ICH patients. Combined prediction models that include quantitative imaging significantly improve the prediction of RHE, which may assist in the risk stratification of ICH patients for anti-expansion treatments.

10.
Neurophotonics ; 11(2): 024207, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577628

RESUMO

Significance: Genetically encoded calcium ion (Ca2+) indicators (GECIs) are powerful tools for monitoring intracellular Ca2+ concentration changes in living cells and model organisms. In particular, GECIs have found particular utility for monitoring the transient increase of Ca2+ concentration that is associated with the neuronal action potential. However, the palette of highly optimized GECIs for imaging of neuronal activity remains relatively limited. Expanding the selection of available GECIs to include new colors and distinct photophysical properties could create new opportunities for in vitro and in vivo fluorescence imaging of neuronal activity. In particular, blue-shifted variants of GECIs are expected to have enhanced two-photon brightness, which would facilitate multiphoton microscopy. Aim: We describe the development and applications of T-GECO1-a high-performance blue-shifted GECI based on the Clavularia sp.-derived mTFP1. Approach: We use protein engineering and extensive directed evolution to develop T-GECO1. We characterize the purified protein and assess its performance in vitro using one-photon excitation in cultured rat hippocampal neurons, in vivo using one-photon excitation fiber photometry in mice, and ex vivo using two-photon Ca2+ imaging in hippocampal slices. Results: The Ca2+-bound state of T-GECO1 has an excitation peak maximum of 468 nm, an emission peak maximum of 500 nm, an extinction coefficient of 49,300 M-1 cm-1, a quantum yield of 0.83, and two-photon brightness approximately double that of EGFP. The Ca2+-dependent fluorescence increase is 15-fold, and the apparent Kd for Ca2+ is 82 nM. With two-photon excitation conditions at 850 nm, T-GECO1 consistently enabled the detection of action potentials with higher signal-to-noise (SNR) than a late generation GCaMP variant. Conclusions: T-GECO1 is a high-performance blue-shifted GECI that, under two-photon excitation conditions, provides advantages relative to late generation GCaMP variants.

11.
Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther ; 46: 104080, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583747

RESUMO

SIGNIFICANCE: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be targeted toward different subcellular localizations, and it is proposed that different subcellular targets vary in their sensitivity to photobiological damage. Since singlet oxygen (1O2) has a very short lifetime with a limited diffusion length in cellular environments, measurement of cumulative 1O2 luminescence is the most direct approach to compare the PDT sensitivity of mitochondria and plasma membrane. APPROACH: PDT-generated near-infrared 1O2 luminescence at 1270 nm was measured together with cell viability for 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) and exogenous PpIX, at different incubation times. Confocal fluorescence microscopy indicated that ALA-induced PpIX (2 h) localized in the mitochondria, whereas exogenous PpIX (1 h) mainly localized to the plasma membrane. Cell viability was determined at several time points during PDT treatments using colony-forming assays, and the surviving fraction correlated well with cumulative 1O2 luminescence counts from PpIX in mitochondria and plasmas membrane, respectively. RESULTS: The mitochondria are more sensitive than the plasma membrane by a factor of 1.7. CONCLUSIONS: Direct 1O2 luminescence dosimetry's potential value for comparing the PDT sensitivity of different subcellular organelles was demonstrated. This could be useful for developing subcellular targeted novel photosensitizers to enhance PDT efficiency.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38684635

RESUMO

As a member of the SMAD family, SMAD4 plays a crucial role in several cellular biological processes. However, its function in UVB radiation-induced keratinocyte damage is not yet clarified. Our study aims to provide mechanistic insight for the development of future UVB protective therapies and therapeutics involving SMAD4. HaCaT cells were treated with UVB, and the dose dependence and time dependence of UVB were measured. The cell function of UVB-treated HaCaT cells and the activity of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) after overexpression or silencing of SMAD4 was observed by flow cytometry, quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western Blots (WB). We found that a significant decrease in SMAD4 was observed in HaCaT cells induced by UVB. Our data confirm SMAD4 as a direct downstream target of miR-664. The down-regulation of SMAD4 preserved the viability of the UVB-treated HaCaT cells by inhibiting autophagy or apoptosis. Furthermore, the silencing of SMAD4 activated the EMT process in UVB-treated HaCaT cells. Down-regulation of SMAD4 plays a protective role in UVB-treated HaCaT cells via the activation of EMT.

13.
Eur Heart J ; 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) suffer from severe myocardial injury during daunorubicin (DNR)-based chemotherapy and are at high risk of cardiac mortality. The crosstalk between tumour cells and cardiomyocytes might play an important role in chemotherapy-related cardiotoxicity, but this has yet to be demonstrated. This study aimed to identify its underlying mechanism and explore potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: Cardiac tissues were harvested from an AML patient after DNR-based chemotherapy and were subjected to single-nucleus RNA sequencing. Cardiac metabolism and function were evaluated in AML mice after DNR treatment by using positron emission tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and stable-isotope tracing metabolomics. Plasma cytokines were screened in AML mice after DNR treatment. Genetically modified mice and cell lines were used to validate the central role of the identified cytokine and explore its downstream effectors. RESULTS: In the AML patient, disruption of cardiac metabolic homeostasis was associated with heart dysfunction after DNR-based chemotherapy. In AML mice, cardiac fatty acid utilization was attenuated, resulting in cardiac dysfunction after DNR treatment, but these phenotypes were not observed in similarly treated tumour-free mice. Furthermore, tumour cell-derived interleukin (IL)-1α was identified as a primary factor leading to DNR-induced cardiac dysfunction and administration of an anti-IL-1α neutralizing antibody could improve cardiac functions in AML mice after DNR treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed that crosstalk between tumour cells and cardiomyocytes during chemotherapy could disturb cardiac energy metabolism and impair heart function. IL-1α neutralizing antibody treatment is a promising strategy for alleviating chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity in AML patients.

14.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 40-48, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583023

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the cytotoxic effect of a menthol-favored E-liquid on human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs), as well as the underlying mechanism of electronic cigarette (E-cig)-induced cell apoptosis. METHODS: PDLSCs were isolated and cultured from periodontal ligament tissues of healthy premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons. Cells in passage 3 were used to detect the surface markers of stem cells by flow cytometry. Then the cells were exposed to different doses of menthol-favored E-liquid (at 59 mg/L nicotine concentration) in the culture median (the final nicotine concentrations were 0.1 µg/mL, 1.0 µg/mL, 10 µg/mL, 50 µg/mL, 0.1 mg/mL, 0.2 mg/mL and 0.5 mg/mL, respectively) for different period of times (24, 48 and 72 h). The cell viability was analyzed by CCK-8 assay. Cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry (7-AAD and Annexin V staining) and TUNEL assay. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was detected with fluorescence probe DCFH-DA by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry. The protein expression levels associated with ROS/JNK/caspase 3 axis(p-JNK, JNK, c-Jun, p-c-Jun, Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved-caspase 3) were analyzed by Western blot. Immunocytofluorescense staining was applied to evaluate the expression level of p-JNK. After addition of NAC, a ROS scavenger, and MAPK/JNK specific blocker SP600125, their effects on E-cig-induced cell apoptosis were evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed with Graph Pad 5.0 software package. RESULTS: Human PDLSCs were successfully isolated and cultured and flow cytometry assay showed the mesenchymal stem cell surface biomarkers (CD73, CD90 and CD105) were positively expressed. CCK8 assay indicated cell viability was significantly(P<0.001) different among all concentration groups at various time points (24, 48 or 72 h), and the difference in apoptosis rate among all concentration groups was also statistically significant (P<0.001). After exposure to E-liquid with nicotine concentration ≥50 µg/mL, cell viability was significantly reduced, and the proportion of apoptotic cells and the cellular ROS level was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner as compared with the control group(0.0 mg/mL). Western blot assay showed E-cig exposure could promote MAPK/JNK phosphorylation in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. Either NAC or SP600125 could partially rescue the E-cig-induced cell apoptosis via reversing up-regulation of p-JNK and cleaved caspase 3. CONCLUSIONS: ROS/JNK/caspase 3 axis is involved in menthol-favored E-liquid-induced apoptosis of hPDLSCs.


Assuntos
Antracenos , Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Humanos , Fosforilação , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/farmacologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Caspase 3/farmacologia , Mentol/farmacologia , Ligamento Periodontal/metabolismo , Nicotina/efeitos adversos , Apoptose , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
15.
Inorg Chem ; 63(18): 8070-8078, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38656984

RESUMO

High-power LED lighting is a crucial challenge due to the notorious thermal quenching (TQ) effect of traditional phosphors at high operating currents, which would result in poor device performance and hamper practical optoelectronic application. Herein, we demonstrate ligand engineering of a cubane- versus staircase-like [Cu4I4] conformer as a node in coordination polymers, which remarkably suppresses the TQ effect of cluster-based photoluminescence. For complex 1 (the formula [Cu4I4(bbimb)2]n) with the cubane-like [Cu4I4] conformer as a node, the metallophilicity interaction enables ultrabright triplet emission with a photoluminescence quantum yield over 82%, and the phonon-assisted detrapping process of excitons effectively suppresses the TQ effect in the wide temperature range. In contrast, the staircase-like [Cu4I4] conformer as a node in complex 2 (the formula [Cu4I4(bbtmb)2]n) exhibits a serious TQ effect over the investigated temperature. Phosphor-converted white LEDs (pc-wLEDs) were fabricated by integrating the cluster-based coordination polymers as a color converter, and their electroluminescence performances were investigated under high bias currents. The prototype pc-wLED device by incorporating the phosphor with the suppressed TQ effect exhibits a continuous rise in brightness under a high bias current of 300 mA. The results demonstrate that ligand engineering of the cluster conformer via suppressing the TQ effect proves efficient in designing an ideal color converter for high-power pc-wLED lighting.

16.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 218: 26-40, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570172

RESUMO

Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a crucial role in ferroptosis by regulating the cellular antioxidant response and maintaining redox balance. However, compounds that induce ferroptosis through dual antioxidant pathways based on Nrf2 have not been fully explored. In our study, we investigated the impact of Gambogic acid (GA) on MCF-7 cells and HepG2 cells in vitro. The cytotoxicity, colony formation assay and cell cycle assay demonstrated potent tumor-killing ability of GA, while its effect was rescued by ferroptosis inhibitors. Furthermore, RNA sequencing revealed the enrichment of ferroptosis pathway mediated by GA. In terms of ferroptosis indicators detection, evidences for GA were provided including reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation, alteration in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), disappearance of mitochondrial cristae, lipid peroxidation induction, malondialdehyde (MDA) accumulation promotion, iron ion accumulation as well as glutathione (GSH)/thioredoxin (Trx) depletion. Notably, Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) and Liproxstatin-1 (Lip-1) successfully rescued GA-induced MDA accumulation. In terms of mechanism, Nrf2 was found to play a pivotal role in GA-induced ferroptosis by inducing protein alterations through the iron metabolism pathway and GSH/Trx dual antioxidant pathway. Furthermore, GA exerted good antitumor activity in vivo through GSH/Trx dual antioxidant pathway, and Fer-1 significantly attenuated its efficacy. In conclusion, our findings first provided new evidence for GA as an inducer of ferroptosis, and Nrf2-mediated GSH/Trx dual antioxidant system played an important role in GA-induced ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Ferroptose , Glutationa , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Quinoxalinas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Compostos de Espiro , Xantonas , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Xantonas/farmacologia , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Glutationa/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Camundongos , Células MCF-7 , Células Hep G2 , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicloexilaminas/farmacologia , Fenilenodiaminas/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Endokrynol Pol ; 75(2): 119-129, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497372

RESUMO

In recent years, there has been a rapid increase in the prevalence of benign and malignant tumours of the thyroid gland worldwide, positioning it as one of the most prevalent neoplasms within the endocrine system. While the pathogenesis of thyroid tumours is still unclear, an increasing number of studies have found that certain lifestyle and residence environments are associated with their occurrence and development. This article endeavours to elucidate the correlation between lifestyle, residential environment, and the increased prevalence of thyroid cancer in recent years. It specifies the frequency of the lifestyle and outlines the scope of the residential environment. It also endeavours to summarise the main mechanistic pathways of various modifiable risk factors that cause thyroid cancer. Factors that prevent thyroid cancer include smoking and alcohol consumption, quality and regular sleep, consumption of cruciferous vegetables and dairy products, and consistent long-term exercise. Conversely, individuals with specific genetic mutations have an elevated risk of thyroid cancer from prolonged and frequent use of mobile phones. In addition, individuals who work in high-pressure jobs, work night shifts, and live near volcanoes or in environments associated with pesticides have an elevated risk of developing thyroid cancer. The impact of living near a nuclear power plant on thyroid cancer remains inconclusive. Raising awareness of modifiable risk factors for thyroid cancer will help to accurately prevent and control thyroid cancer. It will provide a scientific basis for future research on lifestyles and living environments suitable for people at high risk of thyroid cancer.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia
18.
Org Lett ; 26(11): 2243-2248, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456736

RESUMO

The preparation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) by the Scholl reaction is typically performed by using superstoichiometric oxidants. Herein, we develop an electrochemical continuous-flow Scholl reaction to access PAHs that features a reduction in the use of supporting electrolytes and easy scale-up without changing the reaction conditions and setups. This reaction allows the synthesis of distorted PAHs containing three [5]helicene units that possess intriguing electronic and optical properties.

19.
Heliyon ; 10(6): e28049, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515709

RESUMO

Anaphylaxis is a rare but well-known cause of sudden unexpected death, although data from forensic autopsies in anaphylactic deaths are limited. Herein, a retrospective study of a series of allergic deaths from 2009 through 2019 in Shanghai, China, was conducted to investigate the demographic, medical, and forensic pathological characteristics of fatal anaphylaxis to improve medicolegal understanding on anaphylactic death. Sixty-two autopsy cases of anaphylactic death were registered in this study. Males dominated the cases (74.2%) against females (25.8%), with an average age of 38.8 years. Medications (98.4%), particularly antibiotics (72.6%), were the most frequent cause of anaphylaxis, and 44 cases (71.0%) occurred in clinics administered illegally by unlicensed clinicians. The anaphylactic symptoms began within a few minutes to less than 1 h in 53 cases, with dyspnea (56.5%) and sudden shock (46.8%) being the most common clinical signs. Thirty cases (48.4%) of anaphylaxis resulted in death within 1 h. Laryngeal edema and multiple tissue eosinophil infiltration (85.5%) were the most prevalent autopsy findings, followed by pulmonary edema and congestion (24.2%), which were considered to be non-specific but suggestive. The comorbidities were mainly cardiovascular disease (33.9%), pneumonia (8.1%) and asthma (8.1%). Serum IgE were measured in 11 of 62 cases, ranging from 43.3 to 591 IU/ml, severed as a helpful marker. Therefore, we suggested a thorough analysis of allergen exposure, clinical history and autopsy findings is required for the diagnosis of anaphylactic death currently.

20.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38530587

RESUMO

A ventricular assist device (VAD) is a form of mechanical circulatory support that uses a mechanical pump to partially or fully take over the function of a failed heart. In recent decades, the VAD has become a crucial option in the treatment of end-stage heart failure in adult patients. However, due to the lack of suitable devices and more complicated patient profiles, this therapeutic approach is still not widely used for pediatric populations. This article reviews the clinically available devices, adverse events, and future directions of design and implementation in pediatric VADs.

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