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1.
Mil Med Res ; 8(1): 51, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517915

RESUMO

To determine the prevalence and clinical features of olfactory and taste disorders among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in China. A cross-sectional study was performed in Wuhan from April 3, 2020 to April 15, 2020. A total of 187 patients with confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) completed face-to-face interviews or telephone follow-ups. We found that the prevalence of olfactory and taste disorders was significantly lower in the Chinese cohort than in foreign COVID-19 cohorts. Females were more prone to olfactory and taste disorders. In some patients, olfactory and taste disorders precede other symptoms and can be used as early screening and warning signs.

2.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 23(8): 797-801, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511168

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the effects of alfacalcidol on serum 25-(OH)D3 level, cellular immune function, and inflammatory factors in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP). METHODS: A total of 200 children with HSP were prospectively enrolled from June 2018 to June 2020. According to the random number table method, they were divided into an observation group and a control group (n=100 each). The control group was treated with vitamin C, rutin tablets, dipyridamole, cimetidine, calcium supplements, and glucocorticoids. In addition to the treatment for the control group, the observation group received alfacalcidol capsules (0.25 µg/d) orally before bed for 4 weeks. The two groups were compared in terms of the level of 25-(OH)D3, the percentages of T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and NK cells, and the levels of inflammatory factors, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-17 (IL-17), interleukin-21 (IL-21), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), before treatment and after 4 weeks of treatment. The children were followed up for 6 months to determine the recurrence rate and the incidence of renal damage. RESULTS: After treatment, the observation group showed a significantly higher serum 25-(OH)D3 level, significantly higher percentages of CD3+T cells, CD4+T cells, and NK cells, and significantly lower levels of IL-6, IL-17, IL-21, and TNF-α compared with the control group (P<0.05). After 6 months of follow-up, the recurrence rate and the incidence of renal damage in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Alfacalcidol can increase the serum 25-(OH)D3 level, improve cellular immune function, decrease inflammatory factor levels, and reduce recurrence and renal damage in children with HSP.


Assuntos
Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch , Criança , Humanos , Hidroxicolecalciferóis , Interleucina-6 , Estudos Prospectivos , Púrpura de Schoenlein-Henoch/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Life Sci ; 284: 119922, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480930

RESUMO

AIMS: Notch signaling is closely related to a variety of diseases, but the role of Notch2 in allergic rhinitis (AR) remain unclear. This study was performed to investigate the effects of Notch2 on the differentiation of Treg cells and on the inflammatory response of AR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Peripheral blood (including 101 AR patients and 66 Controls) and nasal mucosa (including 19 AR patients and 17 Controls) were collected to detect the expression levels of Notch2, NICD2 and FOXP3. CD4+ T cells of human origin were selected to detect the effects of Notch2 on the differentiation of Treg cells and FOXP3. An AR mouse model was established, and lentiviruses overexpressing Notch2 were administered. Then, allergic symptoms, OVA-sIgE titers, nasal mucosal inflammation, Th1/Th2/Th17 cytokines and splenic Treg cells were assessed. KEY FINDINGS: Compared with that in the Control group, the expression of Notch2 in the AR group was decreased, and Notch2 expression was negatively correlated with the degree of allergy (P < 0.01). The expression levels of Notch2, NICD2 and FOXP3 were decreased in the nasal mucosa of AR patients. Notch2 can promote the differentiation of human Treg cells in vitro (P < 0.05), and Notch2 can directly promote FOXP3 transcription. Animal experiments showed after the upregulation of Notch2 expression, the allergic inflammatory of mice with AR was reduced, the differentiation of Treg cells was increased, and the imbalance of T cells was reversed (P < 0.05). SIGNIFICANCE: Notch2 promotes the differentiation of Treg cells by upregulating FOXP3 expression, thus significantly inhibiting the inflammatory response of AR.

4.
Front Immunol ; 12: 670616, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489929

RESUMO

Neutrophils are characterized by their heterogeneity. They fight against pathogens and are involved in tissue injury repair and immune system regulation. Neutrophils have an extremely short life span in the peripheral blood and undergo aging after being released from the bone marrow. The over-aggregation of aged neutrophils is associated with phenotypical and functional changes. Here, we aimed to investigate the dynamics of neutrophil aging and its relationship with T cell exhaustion in HIV-1 infection, as they are not well understood. In this study, we enrolled 23 treatment naïve (TN) patients, 23 individuals that had received antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 21 healthy controls (HC). In these cohorts, we measured the degree of neutrophil aging, and its possible correlation with T cell dysfunction. In TN patients, peripheral neutrophils showed a more distinct aging phenotype and were over-activated compared to those in ART-treated patients. The degree of neutrophil aging was positively correlated with HIV-1 RNA viral load and negatively correlated with CD4+ T cell count. Moreover, aged neutrophils had impaired reactive oxygen species (ROS) production after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation, and were characterized by increased PD-L1 and arginase-1 expression in a time-dependent manner. Aged neutrophils demonstrated an increased inhibition of IFN-γ and TNF-α secretion by CD8+ T cell compared to non-aged neutrophils. The inhibition effect could be partially reversed by blocking PD-L1 and arginase-1 in vitro, and LPS was identified as an important activator of neutrophil aging. These results provide evidence that dampening neutrophil aging may provide a novel approach to recover T cell dysfunction in patients with HIV-1 infection.

5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112773, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530261

RESUMO

Humic substances (HSs), as electron shuttles, are associated with iron oxide transformation, yet the manner by which HSs affect Cd/As availabilities during this process under anaerobic conditions remains unclear. Two HSs (humic sodium, HA-Na, and biochemical fulvic acid, BFA) were applied at 0, 1, 2, and 4 gCkg-1 in a submerged incubation experiment. The dissolved, extractable and fractions of Cd/As and different iron oxides in soils were monitored. The addition of both HA-Na and BFA decreased the CaCl2-extractable Cd by 12.66-93.13%, and increased the KH2PO4-extractable As by 18.81-71.38% on the 60th day of incubation. The soil Eh and crystalline iron oxides (Fed) decreased, while amorphous iron oxides (Feo) and dissolved As increased after addition of both HSs. However, the two HSs had opposite effects on soil pH and dissolved Cd at the end of the incubation. HA-Na immobilized 19.47-85.99% more available Cd than did BFA over the incubation, although the extent of immobilization was similar with the maximum application rate on the 60th day. BFA mobilized 5.22-26.12% more available As than did HA-Na. XPS data showed that FeOOH decreased while the FeO component increased over the incubation. Correlation analysis and SEM showed that the reduction in the soil Eh and Fed and relative increase in Feo increased the available Cd, while decreased the available As. Consequently, the addition of HA-Na and BFA, particularly combined with flooding irrigation management, could effectively reduce the available Cd in Cd-contaminated soil. However, this method should be used with caution in As-contaminated soil.

6.
Eur J Cancer ; 157: 259-267, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intermittent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in biochemically recurrent castration-naïve prostate cancer is non-inferior to continuous therapy. We hypothesised that finite-duration abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (Abi +P) added to ADT will further reduce the duration of treatment exposure by prolonging time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence without impacting eugonad state recovery. METHODS: This phase II, randomised, open-label trial enrolled patients with rising PSA ≥ 0.2 ng/ml after radical prostatectomy and/or a PSA ≥ 1 following radiotherapy. Patients were randomised 1:1 to receive Abi (1 g PO daily) + P (5 mg PO daily) + ADT or ADT alone for 8 months. The primary end-point was PSA-free survival difference at 1 year following completion of therapy. RESULTS: Between February 2013 and July 2016, 200 patients were enrolled. Of 100 patients randomised to each arm, 99 in the Abi +P arm and 98 in the ADT arm were evaluable. Median follow-up was 64.4 months. Median PSA-free survival was 27.0 months for the Abi +P-treated group versus 19.9 months for the ADT-treated group (hazard ratio [HR] 0.64, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.47-0.87). The PSA-free survival at 1 year post-treatment completion was 98% for the Abi +P group and 88% for the ADT group. Median time to eugonad state was 13.1 months for the abiraterone-treated group and 12.8 months for the ADT-treated group. Median eugonad PSA-free survival was 12.5 months for the abiraterone-treated group versus 9.0 for the ADT-treated group (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.53-0.98). There were no significant between-group differences in androgen deprivation-related adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: In men with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer following definitive treatment of the primary, finite duration treatment with ADT and Abi +P results in a significantly longer PSA relapse-free interval than treatment with ADT alone.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479182

RESUMO

Artemisia argyi is commonly used as a remedy for gynecological and respiratory disease in traditional Chinese medicine. The essential oil is considered as the major active ingredients of A. argyi, mainly composed of eucalyptol, α-thujone, camphor, borneol, bornyl acetate, eugenol, ß-caryophyllene, and caryophyllene oxide, while limited study addresses the in vivo disposition of these volatile ingredients. In present study, a rapid, sensitive and selective GC-MS/MS method has been developed and validated for the quantification of the eight volatile constituents in rat plasma and tissues after orally dosing with the essential oil of Artemisiae Argyi Folium (AAEO) using naphthalene as an internal standard (IS). The analytes were extracted from biosamples by liquid-liquid extraction with hexane/ethyl acetate. The GC separation was achieved on a TG-5SILMS column (30 m × 0.25 mm, 0.25 µm film thickness) and MS detection was performed on selective reaction monitoring (SRM) mode. The assay had a lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) less than 2 ng/ml for the analytes with good linearity (r ≥ 0.9907). Their disposition profile in rat plasma and tissues was characterized after orally giving AAEO, and the data revealed the analytes underwent rapid absorption from GI tract and were mainly transferred to the liver, heart, kidney, lung, and spleen with prompt elimination. The results provided a meaningful basis for guiding the pharmacodynamic study and clinical applications of this herbal medicine.

8.
Biol Reprod ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467391

RESUMO

Within the development of ovarian follicle, in addition to cell proliferation and differentiation, sophisticated cell-cell cross talks are established among follicular somatic cells such as granulosa cells (GCs) and theca cells (TCs). To systematically reveal the cell differentiation and signal transductions in follicular somatic cells, we collected the mouse follicular somatic cells from secondary to ovulatory stage, and analyzed the single cell transcriptomes. Having data filtered and screened, we found 6883 high variable genes in 4888 single cells. Then follicular somatic cells were clustered into 26 cell clusters, including 18 GC clusters, 4 theca endocrine cell (TEC) clusters and 4 other somatic cell clusters which include immune cells and Acta2 positive theca externa cells. From our data, we found there was metabolic reprogramming happened during GC differentiation. We also found both Cyp19a1 and Cyp11a1 could be expressed in TECs. We analyzed the expression patterns of genes associated with cell-cell interactions such as steroid hormone receptor genes, insulin signaling genes and cytokine/transformation growth factor beta associated genes in all cell clusters. Lastly, we clustered the highly variable genes into 300 gene clusters which could be used to search new genes involved in follicle development. These transcriptomes of follicular somatic cells provide us potential clues to reveal how mammals regulating follicle development and could help us find targets to improve oocyte quality for women with low fertility.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(16): 20131-20148, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461606

RESUMO

"Immune normalization" has emerged as a new paradigm in immunotherapy, which is proposed in cancer patients instead of conventional "immune-enhancement" therapy. Immune normalization may also be implemented in cancer prevention of "sub-healthy" individuals. We established in vitro cultured mixed-natural killer (NKM) cells to achieve immune normalization. The in vitro cytotoxicity of NKM cells was tenfold higher than that of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). The cytotoxicity of NKM cells was negatively correlated with the proportion of T-helper cells (cluster of differentiation: CD3+CD4+ T), and positively correlated with the proportion of NK cells (especially CD56brightCD16bright NK cells). Then, we defined "sub-healthy individuals" after measuring Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) expression in PBMCs from 95 donors aged > 50 years. Furthermore, we evaluated the potential clinical application of NKM-cell therapy in 11 patients with malignant lymphoma, one patient with pancreatic cancer, and four sub-healthy individuals. NKM-cell therapy elicited good tolerance and side-effects were not found. In sub-healthy individuals, the proportion of CD3+PD-1+ T cells and CD3+CD8+PD-1+ T cells was reduced significantly after NKM-cell treatment. We demonstrated that a new method using NKM cells was safe and efficacious as adjuvant treatment for cancer patients as well as therapy for sub-healthy individuals. Normalization of the peripheral immune system through NKM-cell therapy could expand its scope of application in different disorders.

10.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34334690

RESUMO

The development of somatic-type malignancies (SMs) in testicular germ cell tumors (GCTs) is a rare but well-recognized phenomenon. We studied the pathologic features of 63 GCTs with SMs in the testis (n=22) or metastases (n=41) and correlated these features with clinical outcomes. The patients with SMs in the testis (median age, 26 y) were younger than those with metastatic SMs (median age, 38.5 y). The SMs consisted of carcinomas (n=21), sarcomas (n=21), primitive neuroectodermal tumors (n=15), nephroblastomas (n=3), and mixed tumors (n=3). Sarcoma was the most common SM in the testis (n=11), and most sarcomas were rhabdomyosarcomas (n=9). Carcinoma was the most common SM in metastases (n=20), and most carcinomas were adenocarcinomas (n=12). In metastases, carcinomatous SMs developed after a longer interval from the initial orchiectomy (median times, 213 mo) than sarcomatous SMs (median times, 68 mo). Patients with metastatic SMs had significantly poorer overall survival than those with SMs in the testis (5-y survival rate, 35% vs. 87%; P=0.011). Furthermore, patients with carcinomatous SMs had a significantly worse prognosis than those with sarcomatous or primitive neuroectodermal tumor SMs (5-y survival rates, 17%, 77%, and 73%, respectively; P=0.002), when the whole cohort, including testicular and metastatic SMs, were analyzed. Our results demonstrate that SMs in metastatic GCTs are associated with a significantly worse prognosis than those in the testis. Furthermore, the histologic subtype of SM has a significant effect on the clinical outcome, with the carcinomatous SM carrying the highest risk for mortality.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410122

RESUMO

The controlling synthesis of novel nanoclusters of noble metals (Au, Ag) and the determination of their atomically precise structures provide opportunities for investigating their specific properties and applications. Here we report a novel silver nanocluster [Ag307Cl62(SPhtBu)110] (Ag307) whose structure is determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction. The structure analysis shows that nanocluster Ag307 contains a Ag167 core, a surface shell of [Ag140Cl2S110], and a Cl60 intermediate layer located between Ag167 and [Ag140Cl2S110]. It is a first example that such many chlorides are intercalated into a Ag nanocluster. Chlorides are released in situ from solvent CHCl3. Nanocluster Ag307 exhibits superstability. Differential pulse voltammetry experiment reveals that Ag307 has continuous charging/discharging behavior with a capacitance value of 1.39 aF, while the Ag307 has a surface plasmonic feature. These characteristics show that Ag307 is of metallic behavior. However, its electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra display a spin magnetic behavior which could be originated from the unpassivated dangling bonds of surface atoms. The direct capture of EPR signals can be attributed to the Cl- intercalating layer which partly suppresses the electronic interactions between core and surface atoms, resulting in the relatively independent electronic states for core and surface atoms.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(9): 4104-4115, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414709

RESUMO

Based on hourly concentration data of PM10 and PM2.5 from 2017 to 2019 and wind speed and direction data at the corresponding times in Yangquan, an urban valley of the Taihang Mountains, the characteristics of air transport in a cross-valley urban area and their influence on aerosols in Yangquan were analyzed using the HYSPLIT model, cluster analysis, and the potential source contribution factor and concentration weight trajectory methods. The pollutant transport characteristics on the east and west sides of the Taihang Mountains were evaluated. The diurnal variation of the aerosols showed a single peak and single valley, with continuous improvements in aerosol concentration from evening to the morning of the next day. The maximum aerosol concentration occurs at 10:00-11:00 in winter and at 09:00 in other seasons, whereas the minimum value occurs at 15:00-16:00. The monthly mean aerosol concentration in Yangquan was highest in January and lowest in August, and PM10 was also high in March and April. The most frequent surface wind directions in Yangquan are easterly and westerly due to the topography of the cross valley. The average concentrations of aerosols were highest in the calm wind weather. Furthermore, the dust weather caused by the westerly wind in spring and autumn and the easterly transport in winter also causes an increase in aerosol concentration in Yangquan. The backward trajectories in combination with the pollution characteristics showed that 26.2% of the pollution trajectories are in spring, 36.4% are in autumn, and 33.7% are in winter, and that these are mainly distributed in the southwest and southeast of Yangquan and also in the northeast in winter. There was significant fine particle transport on both sides of the mountains, and the trajectories originating from or passing through the west side of the Taihang Mountains also transport coarse particles. As indicated by the pollution trajectory, the westerly air transport has an impact on PM10 in excess of the standard rate. The easterly transport has larger noise and mainly affects the exceedance rate of PM2.5. The main potential source areas of aerosol pollution in Yangquan differ in different seasons. The potential source areas are to the southwest and southeast of Yangquan in spring, the southwest and south of Yangquan in autumn, and the south and east of Yangquan in winter. The areas with high PSCF and CWT in PM2.5 were in the southeast region, but those for PM10 were in the southwest region. The area southeast of Shanxi and the border area north of Henan are the main source areas. Based on the influence of aerosol pollution transmission in Yangquan, the cross-valley urban area is affected simultaneously by the areas east and west of the Taihang Mountains, especially by PM2.5 transport from east to west.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poeira , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estações do Ano
13.
Front Immunol ; 12: 710110, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421915

RESUMO

Inflammasomes are fundamental innate immune mechanisms that promote inflammation and induce an inflammatory form of programmed cell death, pyroptosis. Pyroptotic inflammasome has been reported to be closely associated with tumorigenesis and prognosis of multiple cancers. Emerging studies show that the inflammasome assembly into a higher-order supramolecular complex has been utilized to evaluate the status of the innate immune response. The inflammasomes are now regarded as cellular signaling hubs of the innate immunity that drive the production of inflammatory cytokines and consequent recruitment of immune cells to the tumor sites. Herein, we provided an overview of molecular characteristics and biological properties of canonical and non-canonical inflammasome signaling in cancer immunology and immunotherapy. We also focus on the mechanism of regulating pyroptotic inflammasome in tumor cells, as well as the potential roles of inflammasome-mediated pyroptotic cell death in cancers, to explore the potential diagnostic and therapeutic markers contributing to the prevention and treatment of cancers.

14.
J Int Med Res ; 49(8): 3000605211037839, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407686

RESUMO

A 68-year-old man presented to the Urology Clinic, West China Hospital, Chengdu, with a suspected right adrenal gland mass that had persisted for two months. He had no associated lumbodynia, dizziness or palpitation. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed an uneven density and contrast-enhanced oval-like mass with smooth edges in the right adrenal gland. Laparoscopic right adrenal gland resection followed by histopathology confirmed a diagnosis of metastatic synovial sarcoma. The patient had a history of synovial sarcoma on the right upper leg 3 years previously that was surgically treated, but he had not undergone further treatment. Approximately 1.5 years later, he had undergone surgery for heart and lung metastasis from the synovial sarcoma of the thigh. At 5 months following laparoscopic right adrenal gland resection, abdominal CT showed a significant sign of right adrenal recurrence, and targeted therapy of 12 mg oral anlotinib, daily, was initiated. This relatively rare but alarming case highlights the importance of patient understanding and compliance to treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais , Sarcoma Sinovial , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Idoso , Humanos , Pulmão , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Sarcoma Sinovial/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma Sinovial/cirurgia
15.
Eur J Radiol ; 142: 109890, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34375811

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) has shown encouraging efficacy in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aims to establish and validate a novel nomogram to predict individualized survival outcomes for patients with unresectable HCC after HAIC. METHODS: Between January 2016 and December 2018, 463 patients diagnosed with HCC who initially received HAIC were included in this study (training cohort: n = 308; validation cohort: n = 153). The prognostic nomogram was constructed based on the training cohort using the independent predictors assessed by the multivariate Cox proportional hazards model. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the model were evaluated by the concordance index (C-index), calibration curve and area under the time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (tdAUC) curve. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 35.4 months, 358 patients had died. Six factors, including C-reactive protein, albumin-bilirubin grade, alpha fetoprotein, extrahepatic metastasis, portal vein invasion and tumor size, were selected to establish the nomogram. In the training cohort, the C-index of the nomogram was 0.710, which was significantly better than that of six conventional staging systems (P < 0.001), and the nomogram had a higher tdAUC over time. The calibration curve showed good agreement between the predicted probability and actual outcome. According to specified values, the nomogram stratified patients into three or four risk groups (P < 0.001). Similar findings could be observed in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: The nomogram in this study accurately predicted the OS of patients with unresectable HCC after HAIC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nomogramas , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
16.
J Breast Cancer ; : e37, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352938

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to explore the functions and potential mechanism of miR-451a in breast cancer (BC). METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to analyze the expression of miR-451a in human normal mammary cells (MCF-10A) and BC cells. Colony formation assay, terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling assay and transwell assays were conducted to validate the effect of miR-451a on proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion of BC cells, respectively. RNA pull-down, RNA immunoprecipitation and luciferase reporter assays were applied to investigate the upstream and downstream mechanisms of miR-451a in BC cells. RESULTS: MiR-451a was expressed at a low level in BC cells. Overexpression of miR-451a repressed BC cells proliferation, migration and invasion. Moreover, long non-coding RNA AC092127.1 acted as a sponge of miR-451a to enhance the expression level of AE binding protein 2 (AEBP2) that was demonstrated to be the target gene of miR-451a in BC cells. Finally, rescue experiments validated that miR-451a and AEBP2 involved in AC092127.1-mediated BC cell growth, migration and invasion. CONCLUSION: In a word, AC092127.1/miR-451a/AEBP2 axis contributes to BC cell growth, migration and invasion. Our results may help to find novel potential targets for BC treatment.

17.
Front Public Health ; 9: 673368, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336769

RESUMO

Purpose: The Internet has become an important part of daily life. However, older adults in China remain digital refugees amid the rapid development of digital information technology. This study attempts to scientifically answer how Internet use affects the subjective welfare of older adults. Method: Using data from the 2014 and 2016 China Longitudinal Aging Social Survey (CLASS), a combination of ordinary least squares, ordered logit regression models, and propensity score matching (PSM) models were used to analyze the effects of Internet use on the mental health of Chinese older adults. Results: Our findings suggest that Internet use affects the mental health of older adults and increases the incidence of their depressive symptoms. These findings are robust to changing the key indicators, research method, and sample. Further heterogeneity analysis reveals that the negative effects on mental health are more evident for specific groups of older adults, such as those who are women, younger and middle-aged, high-income, non-rural Hukou, less educated, and living with others. Conclusions: Cultivating the ability of older adults to use the Internet and maintain a rational attitude while doing so can prevent its negative impact on their life satisfaction. Moreover, it can improve their attitudes toward using the technology and reduce their anxiety.


Assuntos
Uso da Internet , Saúde Mental , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Atitude , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Foods ; 10(7)2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34359423

RESUMO

Previous studies found that the collagen hydrolysates of fish skin have antiplatelet activity, but this component remained unknown. In this study, eleven peptides were isolated and identified in the absorbates of Alcalase-hydrolysates and Protamex®-hydrolysates of skin collagen of H. Molitrix by reverse-phase C18 column and HPLC-MS/MS. Nine of them contained a Pro-Gly (PG) or Hyp-Gly (OG) sequence and significantly inhibited ADP-induced platelet aggregation in vitro, which suggested that the PG(OG) sequence is the core sequence of collagen peptides with antiplatelet activity. Among them, OGSA has the strongest inhibiting activities against ADP-induced platelet aggregation in vitro (IC50 = 0.63 mM), and OGSA inhibited the thrombus formation in rats at a dose of 200 µM/kg.bw with no risk of bleeding. The molecular docking results implied that the OG-containing peptides might target the P2Y12 receptor and form hydrogen bonds with the key sites Cys97, Ser101, and Lys179. As the sequence PG(OG) is abundant in the collagen amino acid sequence of H. Molitrix, the collagen hydrolysates of H. Molitrix might have great potential for being developed as dietary supplements to prevent cardiovascular diseases in the future.

20.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2101516, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382373

RESUMO

Employing X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), and momentum-resolved density fluctuation (MRDF) theory, the magnetic and electronic properties of ultrathin NdNiO3 (NNO) film in proximity to ferromagnetic (FM) La0.67 Sr0.33 MnO3 (LSMO) layer are investigated. The experimental data shows the direct magnetic coupling between the nickelate film and the manganite layer which causes an unusual ferromagnetic (FM) phase in NNO. Moreover, it is shown the metal-insulator transition in the NNO layer, identified by an abrupt suppression of ARPES spectral weight near the Fermi level (EF ), is absent. This observation suggests that the insulating AFM ground state is quenched in proximity to the FM layer. Combining the experimental data (XMCD and AREPS) with the momentum-resolved density fluctuation calculation (MRDF) reveals a direct link between the MIT and the magnetic orders in NNO systems. This work demonstrates that the proximity layer order can be broadly used to modify physical properties and enrich the phase diagram of RENiO3 (RE = rare-earth element).

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