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1.
Ophthalmic Res ; 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36603556

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study sought to determine whether the application of 0.01% atropine eye drops could impact the disparity in refraction and axial length (AL) between the right and left eyes in Chinese children. METHODS: The study was designed as a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized trial. A total of 220 children aged 6-12 years were recruited from the Beijing Tongren Hospital in Beijing, China. Participants were randomized in a 1:1 ratio and were prescribed 0.01% atropine or placebo eye drops to be administered once a night to both eyes for the duration of one year. The cycloplegic refraction and AL was recorded including baseline, 6 months, and again at the twelve months. RESULTS: After one-year follow-up period, 76 (69%) and 83 (75%) subjects of the initial 220 participants were identified as the 0.01% atropine and placebo groups, respectively. The inter-ocular difference in spherical equivalent refraction (SER) and AL demonstrated stable values in the 0.01% atropine treatment group (SER: p=0.590; AL: p=0.322) analyzed after one-year, but found a significant increase (SER: p<0.001; AL: p=0.001) in the placebo group. Furthermore, over one year, eyes with greater myopia in the atropine group exhibited slower myopia progression (0.45±0.44D) than the lesser myopic eye (0.56±0.44D) (p=0.003). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that 0.01% atropine could maintain the inter-ocular SER and AL difference. And 0.01% atropine appeared to be more effective in delaying the progression of myopia in eyes with more myopia than in the less myopic eyes.

3.
J Inflamm Res ; 16: 209-224, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36686276

RESUMO

Background: Hyaluronic acid (HA) and HA fragments interact with a variety of human body receptors and are involved in the regulation of various physiological functions and leukocyte trafficking in the body. Accordingly, the development of an injectable HA fragment with good tissue permeability, the identification of its indications, and molecular mechanisms are of great significance for its clinical application. The previous studies showed that the clinical effects of injectable 35kDa B-HA result from B-HA binding to multiple receptors in different cells, tissues, and organs. This study lays the foundation for further studies on the comprehensive clinical effects of injectable B-HA. Methods: We elaborated on the production process, bioactivity assay, efficacy analyses, and safety evaluation of an injectable novel HA fragment with an average molecular weight of 35 kDa (35 kDa B-HA), produced by recombinant human hyaluronidase PH20 digestion. Results: The results showed that 35 kDa B-HA induced human erythrocyte aggregation (rouleaux formation) and accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation rates through the CD44 receptor. B-HA application and injection treatment significantly promoted the removal of mononuclear cells from the site of inflammation and into the lymphatic circulation. At a low concentration, 35 kDa B-HA inhibited production of reactive oxygen species and tumor necrosis factor by neutrophils; at a higher concentration, 35 kDa B-HA promoted the migration of monocytes. Furthermore, 35 kDa B-HA significantly inhibited the migration of neutrophils with or without lipopolysaccharide treatment, suggesting that in local tissues, higher concentrations of 35 kDa B-HA have antiinflammatory effects. After 99mTc radiolabeled 35 kDa B-HA was intravenously injected into mice, it quickly entered into the spleen, liver, lungs, kidneys and other organs through the blood circulation. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the HA fragment B-HA has good tissue permeability and antiinflammatory effects, laying a theoretical foundation for further clinical studies.

4.
Brief Bioinform ; 24(1)2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36642408

RESUMO

Current machine learning-based methods have achieved inspiring predictions in the scenarios of mono-type and multi-type drug-drug interactions (DDIs), but they all ignore enhancive and depressive pharmacological changes triggered by DDIs. In addition, these pharmacological changes are asymmetric since the roles of two drugs in an interaction are different. More importantly, these pharmacological changes imply significant topological patterns among DDIs. To address the above issues, we first leverage Balance theory and Status theory in social networks to reveal the topological patterns among directed pharmacological DDIs, which are modeled as a signed and directed network. Then, we design a novel graph representation learning model named SGRL-DDI (social theory-enhanced graph representation learning for DDI) to realize the multitask prediction of DDIs. SGRL-DDI model can capture the task-joint information by integrating relation graph convolutional networks with Balance and Status patterns. Moreover, we utilize task-specific deep neural networks to perform two tasks, including the prediction of enhancive/depressive DDIs and the prediction of directed DDIs. Based on DDI entries collected from DrugBank, the superiority of our model is demonstrated by the comparison with other state-of-the-art methods. Furthermore, the ablation study verifies that Balance and Status patterns help characterize directed pharmacological DDIs, and that the joint of two tasks provides better DDI representations than individual tasks. Last, we demonstrate the practical effectiveness of our model by a version-dependent test, where 88.47 and 81.38% DDI out of newly added entries provided by the latest release of DrugBank are validated in two predicting tasks respectively.


Assuntos
Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Interações Medicamentosas
5.
Pancreatology ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36710224

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: High-grade gastro-enteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (GEP-NENs) are a heterogeneous group of rare tumors of two different types: well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors grade 3 (NETs G3) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs). This study aimed to explore the value of eight common preoperative markers in differentiating NETs G3 from NECs and the prognosis prediction of high-grade GEP-NENs. METHODS: Seventy-two patients diagnosed with high-grade GEP-NENs who underwent surgery at our institution were recruited for this study. Demographic and clinicopathological characteristics, preoperative serum tumor markers, and survival data were collected and analyzed. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to analyze survival rates, and a Cox regression model was used to perform multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was dramatically higher in NECs than in NETs G3 (P = 0.025). After follow-up, 57 of the 72 patients remained for survival analysis. Elevated serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9), CEA, cancer antigen 125 and sialic acid (SA) levels indicated poorer survival of high-grade GEP-NEN patients. Only CA19-9 (HR: 6.901, 95% CI: 1.843 to 25.837, P = 0.004) was regarded as an independent risk factor for overall survival. Serum CA19-9 (HR: 4.689, 95% CI: 1.127 to 19.506, P = 0.034) was also regarded as an independent factor for overall survival in NECs. CONCLUSIONS: Serum CEA levels can be used to distinguish NETs G3 from NECs. Preoperative CA19-9, CEA, cancer antigen 125 and SA levels have predictive value in the prognosis of high-grade GEP-NENs. Preoperative CA19-9, neuron-specific enolase, and SA levels can predict the prognosis of NECs.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 865: 161308, 2023 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596419

RESUMO

The performance of electrochemical reduction is often enhanced by electrode modification techniques. However, there is a risk of microbial colonization on the electrode surface to form biofilms in the treatment of actual wastewater with modified electrodes. In this work, the effects of biofilm formation on modified electrodes with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), platinum/carbon (Pt/C), and carbon nanotube (CNT) were investigated in triclosan (TCS) degradation. With biofilm formation, the TCS degradation efficiencies of carbon cloth (CC), rGO@CC, Pt/C@CC, and CNT@CC decayed to 54.53 %, 59.77 %, 69.19 %, and 53.97 %, respectively, compared to the raw electrodes. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and microbial community analysis revealed that the difference in biofilm thickness and activity were the major influencing factors on the discrepant TCS degradation rather than the microbial community structure. The electrochemical performance tests showed that the biofilm formation increased the ohmic resistance by an order of magnitude in rGO@CC, Pt/C@CC, and CNT@CC, and the charge transfer resistance was increased by 2.45, 3.78, and 7.75 times, respectively. The dechlorination and hydrolysis governed the TCS degradation pathway in all electrolysis systems, and the toxicity of electrochemical reductive products was significantly decreased according to the Toxicity Estimation Software Tool analysis. This study presented a systematic assessment of the biofilm formation on modified electrodes in TCS reduction, and the undisputed experimental outcomes were obtained to enrich the knowledge of implementing modified electrodes for practical applications.


Assuntos
Nanotubos de Carbono , Triclosan , Eletrólise , Eletrodos , Biofilmes , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Platina
7.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 11(2): 382-392, 2023 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643042

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Stem cell transplantation is a potential treatment option for liver cirrhosis (LC). Accurately and noninvasively monitoring the distribution, migration, and prognosis of transplanted stem cells using imaging methods is important for in-depth study of the treatment mechanisms. Our study aimed to develop Au-Fe3O4 silica nanoparticles (NPs) as tracking nanoplatforms for dual-modal stem cell imaging. Methods: Au-Fe3O4 silica NPs were synthesized by seed-mediated growth method and co-precipitation. The efficiency and cytotoxicity of the NPs-labeled bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 assays, ICP-MS, phenotypic characterization, and histological staining. The biodistribution of labeled BM-MSCs injected through different routes (the hepatic artery or tail vein) into rats with LC was detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), photoacoustic imaging (PAI), and Prussian blue staining. Results: Synthesized Au-Fe3O4 silica NPs consisted of a core (star-shaped Au NPs) and an outside silica layer doped with Fe3O4 NPs. After 24 h coincubation with 2.0 OD concentration of NPs, the viability of BM-MSCs was 77.91%±5.86% and the uptake of Au and Fe were (22.65±1.82) µg/mL and (234.03±11.47) µg/mL, respectively. The surface markers of labeled BM-MSCs unchanged significantly. Labeled BM-MSCs have osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation potential. Post injection in vivo, rat livers were hypointense on MRI and hyperintense on PAI. Prussian blue staining showed that more labeled BM-MSCs accumulated in the liver of the hepatic artery group. The severity of LC of the rats in the hepatic artery group was significantly alleviated. Conclusions: Au-Fe3O4 silica NPs were suitable MRI/PAI dual-modal imaging nanoplatforms for stem cell tracking in regenerative medicine. Transhepatic arterial infusion of BM-MSCs was the optimal route for the treatment of LC.

8.
J Inflamm Res ; 16: 83-93, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36643955

RESUMO

Introduction: Liposoluble carbon-60 (C60) has potential applications in many fields, including cosmetics, medical devices, and medicine, but its specific mechanism of action remains unclear. This study explored whether liposoluble C60 could be delivered to human organs, tissues, and cells through blood, extracellular fluid, and cell culture fluid and whether it exerts anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects at the molecular, cellular, and whole-animal levels. Methods: At the cellular level, we mixed C60 dissolved in grape seed oil with cell culture medium containing 10% serum and investigated its effects on tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) release, migration, phagocytosis, respiratory burst, and apoptosis in freshly isolated human neutrophils. At the molecular level, we mixed a trace amount of C60 dissolved in grape seed oil with aqueous and ethanolic solutions and studied its antioxidant effect. At the animal level, we investigated the inhibitory effect of C60 on the serum inflammatory marker C-reactive protein (CRP) in beagle dogs after oral administration of C60 dissolved in grape seed oil. Results: The results showed that the trace amount of C60 dissolved in grape seed oil significantly inhibited TNF-α release, cell migration, phagocytosis, and respiratory burst in freshly isolated human neutrophils. In addition, the trace amount of C60 dissolved in grape seed oil had a significant scavenging effect on superoxide free radicals and 1,1-diphenyl-2-trinitrophenylhydrazine free radicals. Oral administration of C60 dissolved in grape seed oil markedly reduced the level of the serum inflammatory marker CRP in beagle dogs. Conclusion: In summary, a trace amount of hydrophobic C60 in hydrophilic media effectively produced anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects in cells and animals. C60 dissolved in grape seed oil is a novel anti-inflammatory and antioxidant drug candidate.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; : 161533, 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36640880

RESUMO

Hydroxyl radicals (•OH) are the most active, aggressive and oxidative reactive oxygen species. In the natural aquatic environment, •OH plays an important role in the biogeochemistry cycle, biotransformation, and pollution removal. This paper reviewed the distribution and formation mechanism of •OH in aquatic environments, including natural waters, colloidal substances, sediments, and organisms. Furthermore, factors affecting the formation and consumption of •OH were thoroughly discussed, and the mechanisms of •OH generation and scavenging were summarized. In particular, the effects of climate change and artificial work on •OH in the largest natural aquatic environment, i.e., marine environment was analyzed with the help of bibliometrics. Moreover, Fenton reactions make the •OH variation more complicated and should not be neglected, especially in those areas with suspended particles and sediments. Regarding the •OH variation in the natural aquatic environment, more attention should be given to global change and human activities.

10.
J Refract Surg ; 39(1): 48-55, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630430

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate refractive prediction accuracy with the OA-2000 (Tomey), Anterion (Heidelberg Engineering), and IOLMaster 500 (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG) in patients with cataract. METHODS: Patients with cataract referred for phacoemulsification were enrolled and scanned with the OA-2000, Anterion, and IOLMaster 500 in random order. The success rate of axial length (AL) measurements per device was calculated and a chi-square test was used to identify the differences in acquisition rate between the three devices. The Bland-Altman method was used to appraise the agreement of biometric parameters between the three devices. Four different formulas (Barrett Universal II [BUII], Haigis, Holladay 1, and SRK/T) were included in the study. The parameters of refractive prediction accuracy comprised predictive error (PE), absolute PE (AE), and percentages of eyes with a PE within ±0.50, ±0.75, and ±1.00 diopters (D). RESULTS: The acquisition rates of AL measurements with the OA-2000 and Anterion were 97.35% and 94.70%, respectively (chi-square = 3.82, P > .05). A significantly lower acquisition rate of 84.82% was obtained with the IOLMaster 500 compared with the other two devices (P < .05). Bland-Altman analysis identified good agreement between the three biometers with narrow 95% limits of agreement for flat and steep keratometry (K1 and K2), anterior chamber depth (ACD), and AL. For PE, only the differences between the Anterion and IOLMaster 500 with the Barrett UII and Haigis formulas were statistically significant (P < .05). The three devices revealed no statistically significant differences in MAE, MedAE, and the proportion of eyes with a PE within ±0.50, ±0.75, and ±1.00 D (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: The OA-2000 and Anterion showed a similarly higher acquisition rate of AL measurements than the IOLMaster 500 in patients with cataract. Good agreement for K1, K2, ACD, and AL was found between the three biometers. Regarding refractive prediction accuracy, the Anterion did not significantly outperform both the OA-2000 and IOLMaster 500. [J Refract Surg. 2023;39(1):48-55.].


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares , Dispositivos Ópticos , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Refração Ocular , Catarata/diagnóstico , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Biometria/métodos , Óptica e Fotônica , Comprimento Axial do Olho , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
BJUI Compass ; 4(1): 81-87, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36569509

RESUMO

Objectives: To investigate the utility of a novel serum miRNA biomarker panel to distinguish teratoma from nonmalignant necrotic/fibrotic tissues or nonviable tumours in patients with NSGCT undergoing post-chemotherapy consolidation surgery. Patients and methods: We prospectively collected pre-surgical serum samples from 22 consecutive testicular NSGCT patients with residual NSGCT after chemotherapy undergoing post-chemotherapy consolidation surgery. We measured serum miRNA expression of four microRNAs (miRNA-375, miRNA-200a-3p, miRNA-200a-5p and miRNA-200b-3p) and compared with pathologic findings at time of surgery. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to assess the ability of these miRNA to differentiate between teratoma and necrosis or viable malignancy. Results: Twenty-two patients with NSGCT were split into two groups based on pathology at time of post-chemotherapy consolidation surgery (teratoma group vs. necrosis/fibrosis/viable tumour group, i.e., NFVT). Patients with teratoma were older at diagnosis compared with those patients with NFVT (median age 28.7 vs. 23.9). Patients with NFVT were more likely to have embryonal carcinoma in their primary tumour (81.8% vs. 27.3%; p = 0.01). The majority of patients in both groups were stage III (63.6% vs. 72.7%). In this analysis, none of the miRNAs had good sensitivity or specificity to predict teratoma. There was no significant association between the expression levels of the miRNAs and the presence of teratoma. There was no statistically significant correlation between any of the miRNAs and teratoma size. Conclusion: This novel miRNA panel (miRNA-375, miRNA-200a-3p, miRNA-200a-5p and miRNA-200b-3p) did not distinguish teratoma from nonmalignant necrotic/fibrotic tissues or nonviable tumours in patients with NSGCT undergoing post-chemotherapy consolidation surgery.

12.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(7): 1578-1583, 2023 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571365

RESUMO

Studies have found that the phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 expression can be related to stroke, but it remains unclear whether changes in phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 expression also play a role in traumatic brain injury. In this study we found that, in a mouse model of traumatic brain injury induced by controlled cortical impact, phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 expression is increased in endothelial cells, neurons, astrocytes, and microglia. When we overexpressed phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 by injection an adeno-associated virus vector into the contused area in the traumatic brain injury mice, the water content of the brain tissue increased. However, when phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 was knocked down, the water content decreased. We also found that inhibiting phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 expression regulated the nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathway, decreased blood-brain barrier permeability, reduced aquaporin 4 and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 expression, inhibited neuroinflammation, and neuronal apoptosis, thereby improving neurological function. The findings from this study indicate that phosphatase actin regulatory factor 1 may be a potential therapeutic target for traumatic brain injury.

13.
Neural Regen Res ; 18(5): 1107-1117, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36255000

RESUMO

Studies have found that the absence of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor may be the primary risk factor for Parkinson's disease. However, there have not been any studies conducted on the potential relationship between glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and cognitive performance in Parkinson's disease. We first performed a retrospective case-control study at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University between September 2018 and January 2020 and found that a decreased serum level of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor was a risk factor for cognitive disorders in patients with Parkinson's disease. We then established a mouse model of Parkinson's disease induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine and analyzed the potential relationships among glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in the prefrontal cortex, dopamine transmission, and cognitive function. Our results showed that decreased glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in the prefrontal cortex weakened dopamine release and transmission by upregulating the presynaptic membrane expression of the dopamine transporter, which led to the loss and primitivization of dendritic spines of pyramidal neurons and cognitive impairment. In addition, magnetic resonance imaging data showed that the long-term lack of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor reduced the connectivity between the prefrontal cortex and other brain regions, and exogenous glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor significantly improved this connectivity. These findings suggested that decreased glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor in the prefrontal cortex leads to neuroplastic degeneration at the level of synaptic connections and circuits, which results in cognitive impairment in patients with Parkinson's disease.

14.
Cancer Med ; 2022 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36468578

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lenvatinib and atezolizumab plus bevacizumab(A + B) have been used for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as first-line therapy. Real-world studies comparison of efficacy and safety in these two regimens are limited, we therefore conduct this study to investigate these issues. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients received lenvatinib (n = 46) and A + B (n = 46) as first-line systemic therapy for unresectable HCC in a tertiary medical center. Objective response rate (ORR), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were evaluated according to modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (mRECIST). Inverse probability weighting (IPW) was performed for baseline clinical features balance. RESULTS: A total of 92 patients with median age of 63.8 year-old, 78.3% male, 85.9% viral hepatitis infected, 67.4% BCLC stage C were enrolled. The median treatment and follow-up duration were 4.7 months and 9.4 months, respectively. There was no significant difference in ORR (26.1% vs. 41.3%, p = 0.1226), PFS (5.9 vs. 5.3 months, p = 0.4066), and OS (not reached vs. not reached, p = 0.7128) between the lenvatinib and A + B groups. After IPW, the results of survival and response rate were also compared. Subgroup analysis suggested that using lenvatinib was not inferior to A + B in regards of PFS, including those with elder, Child-Pugh class B, beyond up-to-seven, or portal vein invasion VP4 patients. Among the lenvatinib treated patients, multivariate analysis showed patients elder than 65-year-old was an independent predictor associated with shorter PFS (adjust HR: 2.085[0.914-4.753], p = 0.0213). The incidence rates of adverse events were similar between two groups (76 vs. 63%, p = 0.1740). Both of two regimens had similarly few impact on liver function by comparison of baseline, third month, and sixth month albumin-bilirubin index and Child-Pugh score. CONCLUSIONS: The efficacy and safety of lenvatinib are similar to A + B as a first-line systemic therapy for unresectable HCC.

15.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36455201

RESUMO

The disadvantages of cell-adaptive microenvironments and cellular diffusion out of the lesion have limited hydrogel-based scaffold transplantation treatment for neural connectivity, leading to permanent neurological disability from spinal cord injury. Herein, porous GelMA scaffold was prepared, in which the inner porous structure was optimized. The average pore size was 168 ± 71 µm with a porosity of 77.1%. The modulus of porous hydrogel was 593 ± 4 Pa compared to 1535 ± 85 Pa of bulk GelMA. The inner connected porous structure provided a cell-infiltrative matrix for neural stem cell migration and differentiation in vitro and eventually enhanced neuron differentiation and hindlimb strength and movement of animals in in vivo experiments. Furthermore, inflammation response and apoptosis were also alleviated after implantation. This work demonstrated that the porous hydrogel with appropriately connected micropores exhibit favorable cellular responses compared with traditional non-porous GelMA hydrogel. Taken together, our findings suggest that porous hydrogel is a promising scaffold for future delivery of stem cells and has prospects in material design for the treatment of spinal cord injury.

16.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 21: 15330338221117389, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36529949

RESUMO

Purpose:Sorafenib is recommended for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma refractory to transarterial chemoembolization but with unsatisfactory overall survival and tumor response rate. Previously published studies showed hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy of oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin was an effective and safe treatment. The aims of this study were to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin-based hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy with sorafenib in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma refractory to transarterial chemoembolization. Methods: This was a retrospective subgroup analysis of 2 prospective clinical trials, including 114 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who were confirmed to be transarterial chemoembolization refractoriness. Of these, 55 patients received hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy of fluorouracil, and leucovorin (FOLFOX-HAIC group, oxaliplatin 85 or 130 mg/m2, leucovorin 400 mg/m2, fluorouracil bolus 400 mg/m2, and 2400 mg/m2 for 23 or 46 h, every 3 weeks), and 59 patients were treated with sorafenib (sorafenib group, 400 mg sorafenib twice daily). Overall survival, progression-free survival, objective response rate, and treatment-related adverse events were compared between the 2 groups. Results: The FOLFOX-HAIC group showed a longer overall survival (17.1 months [95% confidence interval 13.4-20.8] vs 9.1 months [95% confidence interval 7.5-10.6]; hazard ratio 0.35 [95% confidence interval 0.23-0.53]; P < .001), a higher objective response rate (RECIST: 18 [32.7%] vs 1 [1.7%], P < .001), and a longer progression-free survival (7.6 months [95% confidence interval 5.6-9.6] vs 3.9 months [95% confidence interval 2.3-5.4]; hazard ratio 0.49 [95% confidence interval 0.33-0.72]; P < .001) than the sorafenib group. The safety results suggested that both oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin-based hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy and sorafenib had acceptable treatment-related toxic effects. No significant difference was observed in the overall occurrence of any grade, grade 3/4, or serious adverse events between the 2 groups. Conclusions: Oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin-based hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy might be a better choice than sorafenib for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma refractory to transarterial chemoembolization.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Sorafenibe , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Oxaliplatina , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Front Oncol ; 12: 981575, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36505835

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Neoadjuvant therapy plays an increasingly important role in pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (pNENs), but the systematic evaluation of its efficacy is still lacking. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of neoadjuvant therapy in pNENs. Methods: We systematically reviewed the literatures published online until October 1, 2021. Meta-analysis was conducted to generate proportion with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for tumor response, resection rate, R0 resection rate and survival time. Results: Nine studies with 468 patients were involved in the systematic review. None of these patients met complete response (CR). Furthermore, 43.6% (95% CI [18.1, 69.0]) patients were expected to achieve partial response (PR), 51.3% (95% CI [27.9, 78.3]) to stable disease (SD), and 4.3% (95% CI [0.7, 7.9]) to progressive disease (PD). The estimate resection rate and R0 resection rate after neoadjuvant therapy were 68.2% (95% CI [44.5, 91.9]) and 60.2% (95% CI [53.5, 66.9]), respectively. There was no significant difference in resection rate between different chemotherapy regimens (41.67% vs 33.93%, P=0.453), as well as R0 resection rate (62.50% vs 68.30%, P=0.605). In terms of objective response rate (ORR), there was no significant difference between CAPTEM and FAS (41.67% vs 33.93%, P=0.453), while PRRT showed a higher ORR compared with chemotherapy, although there was also no statistical difference (49.06% vs 36.96%, P=0.154). Conclusion: Neoadjuvant therapies could reduce the tumor size and stage of some borderline resectable or unresectable pNENs, and give some patients the chance of radical resection. However, according to the current data, the best treatment regimen for pNENs neoadjuvant therapy is still unknown.

18.
Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol ; 2022: 5884568, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36507192

RESUMO

Introduction: The diagnosis of pulmonary infection and the identification of pathogens are still clinical challenges in immunocompromised patients. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) has emerged as a promising infection diagnostic technique. However, its diagnostic value in immunocompromised patients needs further exploration. Purposes: This study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of mNGS compared with comprehensive conventional pathogen tests (CTs) in the etiology of pneumonia in immunocompromised patients and immunocompetent patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 53 patients who were diagnosed with pneumonia from May 2019 to June 2021. There were 32 immunocompromised patients and 21 immunocompetent patients with pneumonia who received both mNGS and CTs. The diagnostic performance was compared between mNGS and CTs in immunocompromised patients, using the composite diagnosis as the reference standard. And, the diagnostic value of mNGS for mixed infections was further analyzed. Results: Compared to immunocompetent patients, the most commonly pathogens, followed by Cytomegalovirus, Pneumocystis jirovecii and Klebsiella pneumoniae in immunocompromised patients. Furthermore, more mixed infections were diagnosed, and bacterial-fungal-virus coinfection was the most frequent combination (43.8%). mNGS can detect more types of pathogenic microorganisms than CTs in both groups (78.1% vs. 62.5%, P = 0.016and 57.1% vs. 42.9%, P = 0.048). The overall diagnostic positive rate of mNGS for pathogens was higher in immunocompromised patients (P = 0.002). In immunocompromised patients, a comparable diagnostic accuracy of mNGS and CTs was found for bacterial, fungal, and viral infections and coinfection. mNGS had a much higher sensitivity for bacterial infections (92.9% vs. 50%, P < 0.001) and coinfections (68.8% vs. 48.3%, P < 0.05), and it had no significant advantage in the detection of fungal infections, mainly due to the high sensitivity for Pneumocystis jirovecii in both groups. Conclusion: mNGS is more valuable in immunocompromised patients and exhibits apparent advantages in detecting bacterial and mixed infections. It may be an alternative or complementary diagnostic method for the diagnosis of complicated infections in immunocompromised patients.

19.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1064032, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36569293

RESUMO

Background: Ecto-5'-nucleotidase (NT5E) encodes the cluster of differentiation 73 (CD73), whose overexpression contributes to the formation of immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and is related to exacerbated prognosis, increased risk of metastasis and resistance to immunotherapy of various tumors. However, the prognostic significance of NT5E in pan-cancer is obscure so far. Methods: We explored the expression level of NT5E in cancers and adjacent tissues and revealed the relationship between the NT5E expression level and clinical outcomes in pan-cancer by utilizing the UCSC Xena database. Then, correlation analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between NT5E expression and immune infiltration level via EPIC, MCP-counter and CIBERSORT methods, and the enrichment analysis were employed to identify NT5E-interacting molecules and functional pathways. Furthermore, we conducted single-cell analysis to explore the potential role of NT5E on single-cell level based on the CancerSEA database. Meanwhile, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) in single-cell level was also conducted in TISCH database and single-cell signature explorer was utilized to evaluate the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) level in each cell type. Results: The expression level of NT5E was aberrant in almost all cancer types, and was correlated with worse prognosis in several cancers. Notably, NT5E overexpression was related to worse overall survival (OS) in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAAD), head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC), mesothelioma (MESO), stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD), uveal melanoma (UVM) and cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endocervical adenocarcinoma (CESC) (p < 0.01). NT5E-related immune microenvironment analysis revealed that NT5E is associated positively with the degree of infiltration of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and endothelial cells in most cancers. Enrichment analysis of cellular component (CC) demonstrated the critical part of NT5E played in cell-substrate junction, cell-substrate adherens junction, focal adhesion and external side of plasma membrane. Finally, single-cell analysis of NT5E illuminated that EMT function of CAFs was elevated in basal cell carcinoma (BCC), skin cutaneous melanoma (SKCM), HNSC and PAAD. Conclusion: NT5E could serve as a potential prognostic biomarker for cancers. The potential mechanism may be related to the upregulated EMT function of CAFs, which provides novel inspiration for immunotherapy by targeting CAFs with high NT5E expression.

20.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(5): 495-500, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546170

RESUMO

Exotic quantum phenomena may appear in material systems with multiple orders or phases, where the mutual interactions can give rise to new physics beyond that of each component. Here, we report spectroscopic evidence for a unique combination of topology and correlation effects in the kagome superconductor CsV3Sb5. Topologically nontrivial surface states are observed near the Fermi energy (EF), indicating that the topological physics may be active upon entering the superconducting state. Flat bands are observed, suggesting that electron correlation effects are also at play in this system. Our results reveal the peculiar electronic structure of CsV3Sb5, which holds the potential for realizing Majorana zero modes and anomalous superconducting states in kagome lattices. They also establish CsV3Sb5 as a unique platform for exploring the interactions between the charge order, topology, correlation effects and superconductivity.

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