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1.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 21(1): 32, 2023 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36707835

RESUMO

Although some tumor has become a curable disease for many patients, involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is still a major concern. The blood-brain barrier (BBB), a special structure in the CNS, protects the brain from bloodborne pathogens via its excellent barrier properties and hinders new drug development for brain tumor. Recent breakthroughs in nanotechnology have resulted in various nanovehicless (NPs) as drug carriers to cross the BBB by different strategys. Here, the complex compositions and special characteristics of causes of brain tumor formation and BBB are elucidated exhaustively. Additionally, versatile drug nanovehicles with their recent applications and their pathways on different drug delivery strategies to overcome the BBB obstacle for anti-brain tumor are briefly discussed. Customizing nanoparticles for brain tumor treatments is proposed to improve the efficacy of brain tumor treatments via drug delivery from the gut to the brain. This review provides a broad perspective on customizing delivery nano-vehicles characteristics facilitate drug distribution across the brain and pave the way for the creation of innovative nanotechnology-based nanomaterials for brain tumor treatments.

2.
Cell ; 186(2): 398-412.e17, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669474

RESUMO

Public health studies indicate that artificial light is a high-risk factor for metabolic disorders. However, the neural mechanism underlying metabolic modulation by light remains elusive. Here, we found that light can acutely decrease glucose tolerance (GT) in mice by activation of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs) innervating the hypothalamic supraoptic nucleus (SON). Vasopressin neurons in the SON project to the paraventricular nucleus, then to the GABAergic neurons in the solitary tract nucleus, and eventually to brown adipose tissue (BAT). Light activation of this neural circuit directly blocks adaptive thermogenesis in BAT, thereby decreasing GT. In humans, light also modulates GT at the temperature where BAT is active. Thus, our work unveils a retina-SON-BAT axis that mediates the effect of light on glucose metabolism, which may explain the connection between artificial light and metabolic dysregulation, suggesting a potential prevention and treatment strategy for managing glucose metabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Marrom , Hipotálamo , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Termogênese/fisiologia , Retina , Células Ganglionares da Retina , Glucose/metabolismo
3.
Infect Drug Resist ; 16: 323-328, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698725

RESUMO

Introduction: Although Legionella is not the most common pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia, the epidemiological distribution of pneumonia pathogens has changed in recent years, with a gradual increase in some rare pathogens. For example, pneumonia that occurs after water source contamination is mostly caused by Legionella infection. This paper reports the diagnosis and treatment process of a patient after Legionella infection, who had misdiagnosis at the beginning, rapidly progressed to severe disease and combined with fungal infection. This article focuses on the timely and effective treatment of rapidly progressing Legionella pneumonia, in anticipation of a better understanding of the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Case Presentation: Here, we report a case of legionella infection with the nausea, vomiting as the first symptoms accompanied by weakness, chills, dizziness, abdominal discomfort in a 75-year-old female. The patient had a history of type 2 diabetes for 30 years, diabetic peripheral neuropathy for more than 20 years, arterial hypertension for 10 years, bone hyperplasia for more than 5 years, resection of right-sided thyroid cystadenoma in 1990. The patient had firstly been diagnosed with cholecystitis and gallbladder neck stones, diet abstinence, metronidazole, cefoperazone sulbactam, and rehydration were given. The patient responded poorly to these empiric treatments. The patient was given moxifloxacin in combination with azithromycin after the onset of respiratory symptoms, but the condition continued to deteriorate, and tigecycline was subsequently added. After the mechanical ventilation and the treatment plan adjusting, she improved significantly. Conclusion: Immunocompromised patient combined with underlying diseases are more susceptible to infection in an environment contaminated with Legionella, and the rapid onset and atypical respiratory symptoms make it easy to misdiagnose the disease, thus delaying treatment and leading to further deterioration. Timely diagnosis, early mechanical ventilation and rational drug administration were fundamental to treat Legionella pneumonia.

4.
Nat Commun ; 14(1): 324, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658167

RESUMO

Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are of interest in unconventional form of electronics. However, high-performance OFETs are currently contact-limited, which represent a major challenge toward operation in the gigahertz regime. Here, we realize ultralow total contact resistance (Rc) down to 14.0 Ω âˆ™ cm in C10-DNTT OFETs by using transferred platinum (Pt) as contact. We observe evidence of Pt-catalyzed dehydrogenation of side alkyl chains which effectively reduces the metal-semiconductor van der Waals gap and promotes orbital hybridization. We report the ultrahigh performance OFETs, including hole mobility of 18 cm2 V-1 s-1, saturation current of 28.8 µA/µm, subthreshold swing of 60 mV/dec, and intrinsic cutoff frequency of 0.36 GHz. We further develop resist-free transfer and patterning strategies to fabricate large-area OFET arrays, showing 100% yield and excellent variability in the transistor metrics. As alkyl chains widely exist in conjugated molecules and polymers, our strategy can potentially enhance the performance of a broad range of organic optoelectronic devices.

5.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 13(1): 37-48, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36620150

RESUMO

Background: Adult-onset still's disease (AOSD) and lymphoma are the common causes of fever of unknown origin (FUO) and show some similar clinical symptoms. This study aimed to establish a reliable and easy-to-used scoring model based on clinical information, laboratory characteristics and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computer tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) images for the differential diagnosis of these two diseases. Methods: A development cohort including 70 AOSD and 37 lymphoma patients was used to establish a scoring model based on the features of PET/CT images. The scoring model was then validated in a validation cohort of 15 AOSD and 12 lymphoma patients. The features of involved bone marrow, spleen, lymph nodes, and other organs or tissues displayed on PET/CT images were compared. Multiple logistics regression and decision tree analysis were used to establish the scoring model. Results: Four features that could significantly differentiate these two diseases were selected to establish a scoring model discriminating AOSD from lymphoma, including (I) white blood cell (WBC) count ≤10×109/L (1 point); (II) ferritin ≤ upper limit of normal (ULN) (1 point); (III) no abnormal bone marrow metabolism (1 point); (IV) total lesion glycolysistotal (TLGtotal) >9.0 (1 point). After decision tree analysis, it showed that a score ≤1 indicates AOSD. A score ≥3 strongly suggested lymphoma, with a sensitivity of 81.1% and specificity of 90.0% in the development cohort, and a sensitivity of 58.3% and specificity of 100% in the validation cohort. Conclusions: Our scoring model showed good diagnosis performance in distinguishing AOSD from lymphoma.

6.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 35(11)2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623322

RESUMO

The ability to tune the interfacial thermal conductance of GaN/AlN heterojunction nanowires (NWs) with a core/shell structure is shown using molecular dynamics and non-equilibrium Green's functions method. In particular, an increase in the shell thickness leads to a significant improvement of interfacial thermal conductance of GaN/AlN core/shell NWs. At room temperature (300 K), the interfacial thermal conductance of NWs with specific core/shell ratio can reach 0.608 nW K-1, which is about twice that of GaN/AlN heterojunction NWs due to the weak phonon scattering and phonon localization. Moreover, changing the core/shell type enables one to vary interfacial thermal conductance relative to that of GaN/AlN heterojunction NWs. The results of the study provide an important guidance for solving the thermal management problems of GaN-based devices.


Assuntos
Nanofios , Software
7.
Fluids Barriers CNS ; 20(1): 1, 2023 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36624478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous study demonstrated that M1 macrophages could impair tight junctions (TJs) between vascular endothelial cells by secreting interleukin-6 (IL-6) after spinal cord injury (SCI). Tocilizumab, as a humanized IL-6 receptor (IL-6R) monoclonal antibody approved for the clinic, has been applied in the treatment of neurological diseases in recent years, but the treatment effect of Tocilizumab on the TJs restoration of the blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) after SCI remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the effect of Tocilizumab on the restoration of TJs between vascular endothelial cells and axon regeneration after SCI. METHODS: In this study, the mouse complete spinal cord crush injury model was used, and Tocilizumab was continuously injected intrathecally until the day of sample collection. A PBS injection in the same location was included as a control. At 14 days postinjury (dpi) and 28 dpi, spinal cord tissue sections were examined via tissue immunofluorescence. The Basso Mouse Scale (BMS) scores and footprint analysis were used to verify the effect of Tocilizumab on the recovery of motor function in mice after SCI. RESULTS: We demonstrated that depletion of macrophages has no effect on axon regeneration and motor functional recovery after SCI, but mice subjected to Tocilizumab showed a significant increase in axon regeneration and a better recovery in motor function during the chronic phase after SCI. Moreover, our study demonstrated that at 14 and 28 dpi, the expression of claudin-5 (CLDN5) and zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) between vascular endothelial cells was significantly increased and the leakage of BSCB was significantly reduced in the injured core after daily intrathecal injection of Tocilizumab. Notably, the infiltration of CD68+ macrophages/microglia and the formation of fibrotic scar were decreased in the injured core after Tocilizumab treatment. Tocilizumab treatment could effectively reduce the IL-6 expression in macrophages in the injured core. CONCLUSION: The application of Tocilizumab to antagonize IL-6R can effectively reduce the expression of IL-6 in macrophages and facilitate TJs restoration of the BSCB, which is beneficial for axon regeneration and motor functional recovery after SCI. Hence, Tocilizumab treatment is a potential therapeutic strategy for SCI.


Assuntos
Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Junções Íntimas , Camundongos , Animais , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Axônios/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/farmacologia , Regeneração Nervosa , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo
8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2023 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633179

RESUMO

Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) materials have received enormous attention and the mechanism behind them has been investigated in depth. It has been found that some donor-acceptor (D-A) type TADF emitters could obviously exhibit dual stable conformations in the ground states and their distributions significantly affect the physical properties and device performances. Therefore, professional analysis and a summary of the relationship between molecular structures and performances are very important. In this review, we first summarize the mechanism and properties of TADF emitters with conformational isomerism. We also classify their recent progress according to their different applications, and provide an outlook on their perspectives.

9.
J Plant Physiol ; 281: 153920, 2023 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36680840

RESUMO

Drought is one of the foremost environmental factors that limit the growth of plants. Leaf thickness (LT) is an important quantitative trait in plant physiology. The experiment was carried out in a growth room and the plants were divided into two groups such as well-watered and drought-stressed. This work investigated leaf growth in terms of leaf surface growth and expansion rate, leaf stomata traits, LT, anticlinal growth, and leaf cell layers. The results showed that the leaf area and leaf surface expansion rate were decreased by drought stress (DS). Similarly, LT, anticlinal expansion rate, palisade and spongy tissue thickness, and their related expansion rates were also decreased at different days' time points (DTP) of DS. However, a steady increase was observed in the aforementioned parameters after 12 DTP of DS. The stomatal density increased while stomata size decreased at 3 DTP and 12 DTP (low leaf water potential and relative leaf water content at these time points) and vice versa at 24 DTP compared with the well-watered plants indicating adaptations in these traits in response to DS, and thus the leaf water status played a role in the regulation of leaf stomata traits. The cell length decreased in the upper epidermis, palisade and spongy tissues by DS up to 12 DTP led to lower LT while an increase was observed after 12 DTP that resulted in higher LT. The increase in the LT was supported by the upregulation of starch and sucrose metabolism, glycerolipid metabolism, protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum pathways at 18 DTP along with the differentially expressed genes induced that were related to cell wall remodeling (cellulose, expansin, xyloglucans) and cell expansion (auxin response factors and aquaporin). The results explain the response of leaf thickness to drought stress and show alterations in LT and leaf stomatal traits. This study might serve as a valuable source of gene information for functional studies and provide a theoretical basis to understand leaf growth in terms of leaf anatomy and leaf stomatal traits under drought stress.

10.
Autophagy ; : 1-18, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588318

RESUMO

Cognitive impairment caused by systemic chemotherapy is a critical question that perplexes the effective implementation of clinical treatment, but related molecular events are poorly understood. Herein, we show that bortezomib exposure leads to microglia activation and cognitive impairment, this occurs along with decreased nuclear translocation of TFEB (transcription factor EB), which is linked to macroautophagy/autophagy disorder, STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) phosphorylation and IL23A (interleukin 23 subunit alpha) expression. Pharmacological enhancement of TFEB nuclear translocation by digoxin restores lysosomal function and reduces STAT3-dependent endothelial IL23A secretion. As a consequence, we found that brain endothelial-specific ablation of Il23a ameliorated both microglia activation and cognitive dysfunction. Thus, the endothelial TFEB-STAT3-IL23A axis in the brain represents a critical cellular event for initiating bortezomib-mediated aberrant microglial activation and synapse engulfment. Our results suggest the reversal of TFEB nuclear translocation may provide a novel therapeutic approach to prevent symptoms of cognitive dysfunction during clinical use of bortezomib.Abbreviations: AAV: adeno-associated virus; BBB: blood-brain barrier; BTZ: bortezomib; DG: digoxin; DGs: dentate gyrus; DLG4/PSD95: discs large MAGUK scaffold protein 4; HBMECs: human brain microvascular endothelial cells; HP: hippocampus; IL23A: interleukin 23 subunit alpha; MBVECs: mouse brain vascular endothelial cells; mPFC: medial prefrontal cortex; NORT: novel object recognition test; OLT: object location test; PLX5622: 6-fluoro-N-([5-fluoro-2-methoxypyridin-3-yl]methyl)-5-(5-methyl-1H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridin-3- yl)methyl; PPP3/calcineurin: protein phosphatase 3; SBEs: STAT3 binding elements; shRNA: small hairpin RNA; SLC17A7/VGLUT1: solute carrier family 17 member 7; SLC32A1/VGAT: solute carrier family 32 member 1; STAT3: signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, TFEB: transcription factor EB; Ub: ubiquitin.

11.
Commun Biol ; 6(1): 1, 2023 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36596887

RESUMO

Ganoderic acids (GAs) are well recognized as important pharmacological components of the medicinal species belonging to the basidiomycete genus Ganoderma. However, transcription factors directly regulating the expression of GA biosynthesis genes remain poorly understood. Here, the genome of Ganoderma lingzhi is de novo sequenced. Using DNA affinity purification sequencing, we identify putative targets of the transcription factor sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP), including the genes of triterpenoid synthesis and lipid metabolism. Interactions between SREBP and the targets are verified by electrophoretic mobility gel shift assay. RNA-seq shows that SREBP targets, mevalonate kinase and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A synthetase in mevalonate pathway, sterol isomerase and lanosterol 14-demethylase in ergosterol biosynthesis, are significantly upregulated in the SREBP overexpression (OE::SREBP) strain. In addition, 3 targets involved in glycerophospholipid/glycerolipid metabolism are upregulated. Then, the contents of mevalonic acid, lanosterol, ergosterol and 13 different GAs as well as a variety of lipids are significantly increased in this strain. Furthermore, the effects of SREBP overexpression on triterpenoid and lipid metabolisms are recovered when OE::SREBP strain are treated with exogenous fatostatin, a specific inhibitor of SREBP. Taken together, our genome-wide study clarify the role of SREBP in triterpenoid and lipid metabolisms of G. lingzhi.


Assuntos
Ganoderma , Triterpenos , Lanosterol/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/metabolismo , Ganoderma/genética , Ganoderma/química , Ganoderma/metabolismo , Esteróis/metabolismo , Ergosterol/metabolismo
12.
Cancer Med ; 2023 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Researchers have not simultaneously compared the cost-effectiveness of six immunotherapies with chemotherapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer. This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness across different programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) levels. METHODS: A Markov model with lifetime horizon was created for seven regimens: pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy (pembro-chemo), nivolumab plus ipilimumab (nivo-ipi), nivolumab, ipilimumab plus chemotherapy (nivo-ipi-chemo), atezolizumab plus chemotherapy (atezo-chemo), atezolizumab, bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (atezo-beva-chemo), single-agent pembrolizumab, and chemotherapy alone. Input parameters were derived from trial data, a network meta-analysis, and other literature. We conducted the analysis from the perspective of US health care sector. RESULTS: For all patients without considering PD-L1 expression, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of pembro-chemo versus chemotherapy was $183,299 per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). The preferred regimens based on ICERs differed by PD-L1 levels. For patients with PD-L1 ≥50%, pembrolizumab versus chemotherapy and pembro-chemo versus pembrolizumab resulted in ICERs of $96,189 and $198,913 per QALY, respectively. The other strategies were dominated. For patients with PD-L1 of 1%-49%, the ICER of pembro-chemo comparing to chemotherapy was $218,159 per QALY. The other regimens were dominated by pembro-chemo. For patients with PD-L1 <1%, nivo-ipi versus chemotherapy and nivo-ipi-chemo versus nivo-ipi resulted in ICERs of $161,277 and $881,975 per QALY, and the other regimens were dominated strategies. At the willingness-to-pay threshold of $150,000 per QALY, pembrolizumab had 87% and pembro-chemo had 1% probabilities being cost-effective in patients with PD-L1 ≥50% and 1%-49%, respectively. Nivo-ipi had a 34% probability being cost-effective in patients with PD-L1 <1%. CONCLUSIONS: The PD-L1 level should be incorporated into treatment decision-making. Our findings suggest that first-line pembrolizumab, pembro-chemo, and nivo-ipi are the preferred strategies for patients with PD-L1 ≥50%, 1%-49%, and <1%, respectively.

13.
Appl Environ Microbiol ; : e0192822, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656033

RESUMO

Psychrophilic bacteria with aerobic denitrification ability have promising potential for application in nitrogen-contaminated wastewater treatment, especially under cold conditions. A better understanding of the cold adaptation mechanism during aerobic denitrification would be beneficial for the practical application of this type of functional bacterium. In this study, Bacillus simplex H-b with good denitrification performance at 5°C was used to investigate the corresponding cold tolerance mechanism. Transcriptomics and nitrogen removal characterization experiments were conducted at different temperatures (5°C, 20°C, and 30°C). At low temperatures, more nitrogen was utilized for assimilation, accompanied by the accumulation of ATP and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), rather than transforming inorganic nitrogen in the dissimilation pathway. In addition, the proportion of unsaturated fatty acids was higher in strains cultured at low temperatures. At the molecular level, the adjustment of membrane transport, synthesis of cofactors and vitamins, and transcriptional regulators might contribute to the survival of the strain under cold conditions. Moreover, nucleotide precursor synthesis, translation, and oxidative and temperature stress response mechanisms also enhanced the resistance of strain H-b to low temperatures. The results suggest that combining multiple regulatory mechanisms and synergistic adaptation to cold stress enabled the growth and relatively high nitrogen removal rate (27.22%) of strain H-b at 5°C. By clarifying the mechanism of regulation and cold resistance of strain H-b, a theoretical foundation for enhancing the application potential of this functional bacterium for nitrogen-contaminated wastewater treatment was provided. IMPORTANCE The newly isolated aerobic denitrifying bacterium Bacillus simplex H-b removed various forms of inorganic nitrogen (nitrate, nitrite, and ammonium) from wastewater, even when the temperature was as low as 5°C. Although this environmentally functional bacterium has been suggested as a promising candidate for nitrogen-contaminated water treatment at low temperatures, understanding its cold adaptation mechanism during aerobic denitrification is limited. In this study, the cold tolerance mechanism of this strain was comprehensively explained. Furthermore, a theoretical basis for the practical application of this type of functional bacterium for nitrogen removal in cold regions is provided. The study expands our understanding of the survival strategy of psychrophilic bacteria and hence supports their further utilization in wastewater treatment applications.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36648716

RESUMO

Tourism is a large, environment-dependent global industry. As an important policy tool for environmental protection, environmental regulation plays a significant role in development of the tourism industry. Using the panel data of 284 prefecture-level cities in China from 2004 to 2018, this paper innovatively analyzes the impact mechanism of environmental regulation on China's tourism development from the perspective of the integration of institutional and environmental economics. At the same time, this paper uses the instrumental variable two-stage least squares method (IV-2SLS) to solve the endogeneity problem of environmental regulation and China's tourism development, which makes the research conclusions more robust. The main results were as follows: (1) environmental regulation significantly promoted the development of the tourism industry. Specifically, tourist arrival (TA) and tourism revenue (TR) increased 8.79% and 8.64%, respectively, when the intensity of environmental regulation increased by 1%. This effect was still robust after applying a series of tests; (2) the impact of environmental regulation on the development of the tourism industry was heterogeneous for three aspects: the domestic and inbound tourism market, urban type, and urban location; (3) environmental regulation contributed to China's tourism industry development through industrial structure upgrading, technological innovation, and urban image promotion. Our findings offer valuable insight for the concerned authority and tourism sector to understand the positive role of environmental regulation in promoting high-quality development of the tourism industry by corresponding policy-making, industrial structure upgrading, technological innovation, and urban reputation building.

15.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 23(1): 11, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627697

RESUMO

We investigated the prevalence and clinical metabolic characteristics of lean nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in an elderly Chinese population and assessed the relevance of lipid markers and genetic variation. All 5,338 community subjects underwent detailed clinical and laboratory examinations and were divided into three groups: lean (Body mass index (BMI) < 23 kg/m2, n = 2,012), overweight (BMI = 23-24.9 kg/m2, n = 1,354), and obese (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, n = 1,972). Single nucleotide polymorphisms were selected based on those reported in previous NAFLD or obesity genome-wide association studies. The frequencies of alleles and genotypes were calculated and statistically analyzed with Pearson's χ2 tests. One-way ANCOVA was used to test the association between positive SNPs and metabolic parameters in lean NAFLD individuals. Our results showed that the C allele frequency of rs2279026, the G allele of rs2279028, the C allele of rs780093, and the C allele frequency of rs1260326 were higher in obese NAFLD than in lean NAFLD (P < 0.05). In addition, we observed an association between the CC of rs1421085, TT of rs3751812, AA of rs8050136, and AA of rs9939609 genotypes in the FTO gene and low-density lipoprotein levels (P < 0.05). In conclusion, our findings provide a unique perspective on the prevalence, genetic characteristics, and metabolic profile of NAFLD in older lean individuals in China. This is the first study to examine the association between genetic variants in the FTO, TFAP2B and GCKR genes and NAFLD in a cohort of lean individuals.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Idoso , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética
16.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 43(1): 79-82, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633244

RESUMO

According to the theory of acupuncture-moxibustion for the treatment of spirit, starting from the relationship between eye movement and spirit, the application of electrooculogram (EOG) signal acquisition and analysis technology for the clinical treatment of spirit by acupuncture-moxibustion is discussed. Based on the nonlinear dynamic characteristics of EOG signals, it is proposed to apply the approximate entropy algorithm to extract the EOG signal characteristics in autism spectrum disorder children under different behavior states, which could realize the preliminary exploration of the correlation between EOG signals and cognitive activities. This could provide a possibility to objectively reflect the patient' s current mental state, and could be used as a potential method to grasp spirit in clinical acupuncture- moxibustion treatment. Furthermore, considering the characteristics of acupoint stimulation on the body surface, the EOG signal acquisition and analysis technology could further be combined with biofeedback technology, and a new idea for clinical acupuncture-moxibustion to treat spirit guided by biofeedback of EOG is proposed.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Moxibustão , Criança , Humanos , Eletroculografia , Entropia , Pontos de Acupuntura
17.
Bioinformatics ; 39(1)2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637188

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: Accurately predicting cancer survival is crucial for helping clinicians to plan appropriate treatments, which largely improves the life quality of cancer patients and spares the related medical costs. Recent advances in survival prediction methods suggest that integrating complementary information from different modalities, e.g. histopathological images and genomic data, plays a key role in enhancing predictive performance. Despite promising results obtained by existing multimodal methods, the disparate and heterogeneous characteristics of multimodal data cause the so-called modality gap problem, which brings in dramatically diverse modality representations in feature space. Consequently, detrimental modality gaps make it difficult for comprehensive integration of multimodal information via representation learning and therefore pose a great challenge to further improvements of cancer survival prediction. RESULTS: To solve the above problems, we propose a novel method called cross-aligned multimodal representation learning (CAMR), which generates both modality-invariant and -specific representations for more accurate cancer survival prediction. Specifically, a cross-modality representation alignment learning network is introduced to reduce modality gaps by effectively learning modality-invariant representations in a common subspace, which is achieved by aligning the distributions of different modality representations through adversarial training. Besides, we adopt a cross-modality fusion module to fuse modality-invariant representations into a unified cross-modality representation for each patient. Meanwhile, CAMR learns modality-specific representations which complement modality-invariant representations and therefore provides a holistic view of the multimodal data for cancer survival prediction. Comprehensive experiment results demonstrate that CAMR can successfully narrow modality gaps and consistently yields better performance than other survival prediction methods using multimodal data. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: CAMR is freely available at https://github.com/wxq-ustc/CAMR. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Humanos , Genoma
18.
Nature ; 613(7943): 274-279, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631650

RESUMO

The development of next-generation electronics requires scaling of channel material thickness down to the two-dimensional limit while maintaining ultralow contact resistance1,2. Transition-metal dichalcogenides can sustain transistor scaling to the end of roadmap, but despite a myriad of efforts, the device performance remains contact-limited3-12. In particular, the contact resistance has not surpassed that of covalently bonded metal-semiconductor junctions owing to the intrinsic van der Waals gap, and the best contact technologies are facing stability issues3,7. Here we push the electrical contact of monolayer molybdenum disulfide close to the quantum limit by hybridization of energy bands with semi-metallic antimony ([Formula: see text]) through strong van der Waals interactions. The contacts exhibit a low contact resistance of 42 ohm micrometres and excellent stability at 125 degrees Celsius. Owing to improved contacts, short-channel molybdenum disulfide transistors show current saturation under one-volt drain bias with an on-state current of 1.23 milliamperes per micrometre, an on/off ratio over 108 and an intrinsic delay of 74 femtoseconds. These performances outperformed equivalent silicon complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor technologies and satisfied the 2028 roadmap target. We further fabricate large-area device arrays and demonstrate low variability in contact resistance, threshold voltage, subthreshold swing, on/off ratio, on-state current and transconductance13. The excellent electrical performance, stability and variability make antimony ([Formula: see text]) a promising contact technology for transition-metal-dichalcogenide-based electronics beyond silicon.

19.
ACS Nano ; 17(1): 530-538, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36547249

RESUMO

Hybrid systems have recently attracted increasing attention, which combine the special attributes of each constitute and create interesting functionalities through multiple heterointerface interactions. Here, we design a two-dimensional (2D) hybrid phototransistor utilizing Janus-interface engineering, in which the WSe2 channel combines light-sensitive perovskite and spontaneously polarized ferroelectrics, achieving collective ultrasensitive detection performance. The top perovskite (BA2(MA)3Pb4I13) layer can absorb the light efficiently and provide generous photoexcited holes to WSe2. WSe2 exhibit p-type semiconducting states of different degrees due to the selective light-operated doping effect, which also enables the ultrahigh photocurrent of the device. The bottom ferroelectric (Hf0.5Zr0.5O2) layer dramatically decreases the dark current, which should be attributed to the ferroelectric polarization assisted charge trapping effect and improved gate control. As a whole, our phototransistors show excellent photoelectric performances across the ultraviolet to near-infrared range (360-1050 nm), including an ultrahigh ON/OFF current ratio > 109 and low noise-equivalent power of 1.3 fW/Hz1/2, all of which are highly competitive in 2D semiconductor-based optoelectronic devices. In particular, the devices show excellent weak light detection ability, where the distinguishable photoswitching signal is obtained even under a record-low light intensity down to 1.6 nW/cm2, while showing a high responsivity of 2.3 × 105 A/W and a specific detectivity of 4.1 × 1014 Jones. Our work demonstrates that Janus-interface design makes the upper and lower interfaces complement each other for the joint advancement into high-performance optoelectronic applications, providing a picture to realize the integrated engineering on carrier dynamics by light irradiation, electric field, interfacial trapping, and band alignment.

20.
Chemosphere ; 313: 137508, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36493889

RESUMO

The biotransformation of sulfamonomethoxine (SMM) was studied in an aerobic granular sludge (AGS) system to understand the role of sorption by microbial cells and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and the role of functional microbe/enzyme biodegradation. Biodegradation played a more important role than adsorption, while microbial cells covered with tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS) showed higher adsorption capacity than microbial cells themselves or microbial cells covered with both loosely bound EPS (LB-EPS) and TB-EPS. The binding tests between EPS and SMM and the spectroscopic analyses (3D-EEM, UV-Vis, and FTIR) were performed to obtain more information about the adsorption process. The data showed that SMM could interact with EPS by combining with aromatic protein compounds, fulvic acid-like substances, protein amide II, and nucleic acids. Batch tests with various substances showed that SMM removal rates were in an order of NH2OH (60.43 ± 2.21 µg/g SS) > NH4Cl (52.96 ± 0.30 µg/g SS) > NaNO3 (31.88 ± 1.20 µg/g SS) > NaNO2 (21.80 ± 0.42 µg/g SS). Hydroxylamine and hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO) favored SMM biotransformation and the hydroxylamine-mediated biotransformation of SMM was more effective than others. In addition, both ammonia monooxygenase (AMO) and CYP450 were able to co-metabolize SMM. Analysis of UPLC-QTOF-MS indicated the biotransformation mechanisms, revealing that acetylation of arylamine, glucuronidation of sulfonamide, deamination, SO2 extrusion, and δ cleavage were the five major transformation pathways. The detection of TP202 in the hydroxylamine-fed Group C indicated a new biotransformation pathway through HAO. This study contributes to a better understanding of the biotransformation of SMM.


Assuntos
Esgotos , Sulfamonometoxina , Esgotos/química , Análise Espectral , Biotransformação , Hidroxilaminas
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