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1.
Molecules ; 25(3)2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019212

RESUMO

Air- and sun-dried raisins from Thompson Seedless (TS) grapes were analyzed under GC/MS to evaluate fatty acids (FAs) and their derived volatile compounds, coming from unsaturated fatty acids oxidation. A total of 16 FAs were identified in TS raisins, including 10 saturated fatty acids (SFAs) and 6 unsaturated fatty acids (USFAs). The contents of C18:0, C15:0, and C16:0 among SFAs and C18:3, C18:2 and C18:1 in USFAs were significantly higher. Furthermore, USFAs such as C16:1 and C20:1 were only identified in air-dried raisins. The principal component analysis showed the increased content of FAs and FA-derived compounds were in air-dried and sun-dried raisins, respectively. Among FA-derived compounds, 2-pentyl furan, 3-octen-2-one, 1-hexanol and heptanoic acid were more potent. This study shows that air-drying is more favorable for the production of fatty acids (SFAs and USFAs), whereas sun-drying is more advantageous in terms of fatty acid-derived volatiles.

2.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022386

RESUMO

Th22 cells are a novel subset of CD4+ T cells that primarily mediate biological effects through IL-22, with both Th22 cells and IL-22 being closely associated with multiple autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases. In this study, we investigated whether and how Th22 cells affect atherosclerosis. ApoE-/- mice and age-matched C57BL/6J mice were fed a Western diet for 0, 4, 8 or 12 weeks. The results of dynamic analyses showed that Th22 cells, which secrete the majority of IL-22 among the known CD4+ cells, play a major role in atherosclerosis. ApoE-/- mice fed a Western diet for 12 weeks and administered recombinant mouse IL-22 (rIL-22) developed substantially larger plaques in both the aorta and aortic root and higher levels of CD3+ T cells, CD68+ macrophages, collagen, IL-6, Th17 cells, dendritic cells (DCs) and pSTAT3 but lower smooth muscle cell (SMC) α-actin expression than the control mice. Treatment with a neutralizing anti-IL-22 monoclonal antibody (IL-22 mAb) reversed the above effects. Bone marrow-derived DCs exhibited increased differentiation into mature DCs following rIL-22 and ox-LDL stimulation. IL-17 and pSTAT3 were up-regulated after stimulation with IL-22 and ox-LDL in cells cocultured with CD4+ T cells and mature DC supernatant, but this up-regulation was significantly inhibited by IL-6mAb or the cell-permeable STAT3 inhibitor S31-201. Thus, Th22 cell-derived IL-22 aggravates atherosclerosis development through a mechanism that is associated with IL-6/STAT3 activation, DC-induced Th17 cell proliferation and IL-22-stimulated SMC dedifferentiation into a synthetic phenotype.

3.
Cell Signal ; 69: 109550, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007528

RESUMO

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is a type of malignant skin tumor derived from epidermal Malpighian cells. Photodynamic therapy is regarded as a crucial method in oncology. Hypocrellin A (HA), an efficient natural photosensitizer, has been reported to exert excellent light induced antiviral, antimicrobial and anticancer activity through mediating multiple signaling pathways. The purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of HA united red light irradiation on human squamous carcinoma A431 cells and further reveal the underlying regulatory mechanisms. The results showed that synergistic treatment of HA and red light irradiation inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis and autophagy. Moreover, HA united red light irradiation caused a significant accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and induced the activation of c-Jun NH 2 terminal kinases (JNKs) which was inhibited by the antioxidant N-Acetyl-cysteine (NAC). Furthermore, HA united red light irradiation activated the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathway, and inhibition of NF-κB activity exacerbated HA united red light irradiation-induced apoptosis but suppressed cell autophagy. In addition, the inhibition of autophagy promoted HA united red light irradiation-induced apoptosis and facilitated the NF-κB activity. Over all, our results revealed that HA united red light irradiation could inhibit A431 cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis and autophagy via the activation of the ROS mediated JNK and NF-κB pathways, providing prospective for HA as a potential therapeutic for the treatment of cSCC.

4.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e919029, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023237

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Cardiovascular complications, such as diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM), are the leading cause of death in diabetic patients. Shengmai Powder (SMP) was found to have cardioprotective effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS Based on the systematic pharmacological methodology, this research determined the genes of DCM and the known targets of SMP, predicted potential compounds and targets of SMP, constructed networks for DCM and SMP, and performed network analysis. RESULTS Five network were constructed: (1) the DCM gene PPI network; (2) the Compound-compound target network of SMP; (3) the SMP-DCM PPI network; (4) the Compound-known target network of SMP; (5) and the SMP known target-DCM PPI network. Several DCM and treatment related targets, clusters, signaling pathways, and biological processes were found. CONCLUSIONS SMP is able to regulate glycometabolism-related, lipid metabolism-related, inflammatory response-related, oxidative stress-related signaling pathways, and biological processes and targets, which suggests that SMP may have a therapeutic effect on DCM.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing public health concern worldwide. With the progression of urbanization, light pollution is becoming an inevitable risk factor for NAFLD. However, the role of light pollution on NAFLD is insufficiently understood, and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. The present study explored effects of constant light exposure on NAFLD and elucidated its related mechanisms. METHODS: Thirty-two male SD rats were divided into 4 groups (n=8 each): 1) rats on a normal diet exposed to standard light-dark cycle (ND-LD); 2) rats on a normal diet exposed to constant light (ND-LL); 3) rats on a high fat diet exposed to standard light-dark cycle (HFD-LD); 4) and rats on a high fat diet exposed to constant light (HFD-LL). After 12 weeks treatment, rats were sacrificed and pathophysiological assessments were performed. Targeted lipidomics was used to measure sphingolipids, including ceramides, glucosylceramides and lactosylceramides, sphingomyelins and sphingosine-1-phosphates in plasma and liver tissues. RESULTS: In normal chow rats, constant light exposure led to glucose abnormalities and dyslipidemia. In high-fat fed rats, constant light exposure exacerbated glucose abnormalities, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, inflammation and aggravated steatohepatitis. Compared to HFD-LD rats, HFD-LL had decreased plasma sphingosine-1-phosphate and elevated liver concentrations of total ceramides and specific ceramide species (ceramide d18:0/24:0, ceramide d18:1/22:0, ceramide d18:1/24:0 and ceramide d18:1/24:1), and which were associated with increased hepatocyte apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Constant light exposure causes dysregulation of sphingolipids and promotes steatohepatitis in high-fat fed rats.

6.
Cell Rep ; 30(5): 1310-1318.e5, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023451

RESUMO

Pathological activation of TGF-ß signaling is universal in fibrosis. Aberrant TGF-ß signaling in conjunction with transdifferentiation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) into fibrogenic myofibroblasts plays a central role in liver fibrosis. Here we report that the DNA demethylase TET3 is anomalously upregulated in fibrotic livers in both humans and mice. We demonstrate that in human HSCs, TET3 promotes profibrotic gene expression by upregulation of multiple key TGF-ß pathway genes, including TGFB1. TET3 binds to target gene promoters, inducing demethylation, which in turn facilitates chromatin remodeling and transcription. We also reveal a positive feedback loop between TGF-ß1 and TET3 in both HSCs and hepatocytes. Furthermore, TET3 knockdown ameliorates liver fibrosis in mice. Our results uncover a TET3/TGF-ß1 positive feedback loop as a crucial determinant of liver fibrosis and suggest that inhibiting TET3 may represent a therapeutic strategy for liver fibrosis and perhaps other fibrotic diseases.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033400

RESUMO

Fe2O3, CuO and ZnO nanoparticles (NP) have found various industrial and biomedical applications. However, there are growing concerns among the general public and regulators about their potential environmental and health impacts as their physio-chemical interaction with biological systems and toxic responses of the latter are complex and not well understood. Herein we first reported that human SH-SY5Y and H4 cells and rat PC12 cell lines displayed concentration-dependent neurotoxic responses to insults of CuO nanoparticles (CuONP), but not to Fe2O3 nanoparticles (Fe2O3NP) or ZnO nanoparticles (ZnONP). This study provides evidence that CuONP induces neuronal cell apoptosis, discerns a likely p53-dependent apoptosis pathway and builds out the relationship between nanoparticles and Alzheimer's disease (AD) through the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and increased Aß levels in SH-SY5Y and H4 cells. Our results implicate that exposure to CuONP may be an environmental risk factor for AD. For public health concerns, regulation for environmental or occupational exposure of CuONP are thus warranted given AD has already become a pandemic.

8.
Brief Bioinform ; 2020 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008039

RESUMO

As an important post-translational modification (PTM), protein phosphorylation is involved in the regulation of almost all of biological processes in eukaryotes. Due to the rapid progress in mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics, a large number of phosphorylation sites (p-sites) have been characterized but remain to be curated. Here, we briefly summarized the current progresses in the development of data resources for the collection, curation, integration and annotation of p-sites in eukaryotic proteins. Also, we designed the eukaryotic phosphorylation site database (EPSD), which contained 1 616 804 experimentally identified p-sites in 209 326 phosphoproteins from 68 eukaryotic species. In EPSD, we not only collected 1 451 629 newly identified p-sites from high-throughput (HTP) phosphoproteomic studies, but also integrated known p-sites from 13 additional databases. Moreover, we carefully annotated the phosphoproteins and p-sites of eight model organisms by integrating the knowledge from 100 additional resources that covered 15 aspects, including phosphorylation regulator, genetic variation and mutation, functional annotation, structural annotation, physicochemical property, functional domain, disease-associated information, protein-protein interaction, drug-target relation, orthologous information, biological pathway, transcriptional regulator, mRNA expression, protein expression/proteomics and subcellular localization. We anticipate that the EPSD can serve as a useful resource for further analysis of eukaryotic phosphorylation. With a data volume of 14.1 GB, EPSD is free for all users at http://epsd.biocuckoo.cn/.

9.
QJM ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011696
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 715: 136896, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007884

RESUMO

Few studies have investigated the acute effects of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on the risk of stroke subtypes and transient ischemic attack (TIA) in low- and middle-income countries. The primary aim of this study was to assess the associations between short-term exposure to PM2.5 and daily hospital admissions for total cerebrovascular disease, ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, and TIA in China. A total of 8,359,162 hospital admissions in 248 Chinese cities from 2013 to 2017 were identified from the Hospital Quality Monitoring System of China. Generalized additive models with quasi-Poisson regression were used to estimate the associations in each city, and random-effect meta-analyses were conducted to combine the city-specific estimates. We found that a 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 concentration was significantly associated with a 0.19% (95% CI, 0.13% to 0.25%), 0.26% (95% CI, 0.17% to 0.35%), and 0.26% (95% CI, 0.13% to 0.38%) increase in same-day hospital admissions for total cerebrovascular disease, ischemic stroke, and TIA, respectively. In contrast, a non-significant negative association with PM2.5 was observed for hemorrhagic stroke in the main analyses (lag 0 day), which became statistically significant when using other single-day exposures (lag 1 or 2 days) or moving average exposures (lag 0-1, 0-2, or 0-3 days) as exposure metric. These associations were robust to adjustment for other criteria air pollutants in two-pollutant models. For ischemic stroke, the effect estimates were significantly larger in people aged 65-74 years, in cool season, and in cities with lower annual average PM2.5 concentrations. The exposure-response curves were nonlinear with a leveling off at high concentrations. These results contribute to the relatively limited literature on the PM2.5-related risks of cerebrovascular events in low- and middle-income countries.

11.
Respir Med ; 163: 105881, 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056835

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). As a new inflammatory biomarker of CVD, rare attention has been paid to the roles of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase (Lp-PLA2) in OSAS studies. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation between Lp-PLA2 and concomitant CVD in OSAS patients. METHODS: In this prospective study, 152 OSAS patients were further divided into mild, moderate, and severe OSAS subgroups. They presented heart failure, coronary artery disease, or arrhythmia were confirmed with CVD. Thirty-one subjects without OSAS were recruited for the control group. The relationship between Lp-PLA2 and concomitant CVD in OSAS patients was analyzed. RESULTS: Serum Lp-PLA2 values were significantly higher in the severe and moderate OSAS group compared with mild OSAS and OSAS negative groups (P = 0.025). Significant increase was noticed in serum Lp-PLA2 levels in CVD patients compared with those without in severe-moderate-mild OSAS (P < 0.05). In logistic regression analysis, the level of Lp-PLA2 was proved as a significant independent predictor for CVD (OR = 1.117, P = 0.008). The ROC analysis indicated that the best cut-off value of Lp-PLA2 for predicting CVD in OSAS patients was 238.09 ng/ml. The positive and negative predictive values were 72.5% and 70.5%, respectively. The sensitivity was 46.8% and the specificity was 87.8%. CONCLUSIONS: Lp-PLA2 might be associated with the severity of OSAS and the occurrence of CVD in OSAS patients. Lp-PLA2 is expected to be a promising biomarker candidate in predicting CVD in patients with OSAS due to test convenience.

12.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 231: 118086, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007903

RESUMO

Excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) and twist intramolecular charge transfer (TICT) are the two most fundamental dynamic processes, ubiquitous in biological and chemical reactions. The excited-state properties of (E-8-((4-dimethylamino-phenylimino)-methyl)-7-hydroxy-4-methyl-2H-chromen-2-one (CDPA) in various solvents with different polarities were investigated by using steady-state and femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy combined with DFT/TDDFT calculations. The results demonstrated that CDPA exhibited low fluorescence in polar acetonitrile (ACN) due to ESIPT but high fluorescence in nonpolar n-Hexane was attributed to intramolecular rotation blocking ESIPT. TDDFT calculations confirmed that the dramatic phenyl group torsional of CDPA in Hexane, whereas a near planar conformation in ACN solvent. The ESIPT barrier decreases regularly with the increase of solvent polarity from n-Hexane, tetrahydrofuran to ACN solvent. These results demonstrated that the ESIPT and TICT processes of CDPA are competitive mechanisms. Our work revealed the effect solvent polarity on the emission behavior and excited-state deactivation mechanism of CDPA, which could help to design and develop new polarity probe in the microenvironments.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 125: 109885, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007917

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a great challenge and obstacle in cancer treatment. It is a common problem in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Whether grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) could reverse MDR in patients with AML is still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the MDR reverse ability of GSPE and its possible mechanism in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human leukemia cell line HL-60 cells and HL-ADR cells were used. MTT assay were employed to identify the cytotoxic effects of different chemotherapeutic drugs and reverse ability of GSPE. Flow cytometry assays were used to verify the cell apoptosis induced by GSPE. MDR-related genes expression was tested by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR). MDR-related protein expression was assessed by Western blotting assays. The genes and their related protein expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1), multidrug resistance protein 1 (MDR1) and lung resistance-related protein (LRP) were tested in this study. KEY RESULTS: We found that HL-60/ADR cells were resistant to a variety of chemotherapeutic drugs, including cytarabine (Ara-C), adriamycin (ADR), vincristine (VCR), daunorubicin (DNR), mitoxantrone (MTZ), pirarubicin (THP), homoharringtonine (HHT) and etoposide (VP16). Co-treatment with GSPE could significant lower the IC50 of Ara-C and ADR in HL-60/ADR cells (P < 0.01). MDR related mRNA and their protein expression of MRP1 and MDR1 were significant highly expressed in HL-60/ADR cells than HL-60 cells (P < 0.01). But only protein expression of LRP was higher in HL-60/ADR cells than HL-60 cells (P < 0.05). GSPE could induce a higher intracellular level of ADR in HL-60/ADR cells. It could also inhibit Akt phosphorylation resulted in the down regulation of MRP1, MDR1 and LRP and induce cell apoptosis. 25.0 µg/mL GSPE significant inhibited the Akt phosphorylation (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: GSPE-reversed MDR of HL-60/ADR cells might be associated with the inhibition of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, which resulted in the down-regulation the expression of MRP1, MDR1 and LRP. These results provide that GSPE may serve as a combination therapy in AML chemotherapy for future study.

14.
Biosci Rep ; 40(1)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The USH2A gene encodes usherin, a basement membrane protein that is involved in the development and homeostasis of the inner ear and retina. Mutations in USH2A are linked to Usher syndrome type II (USH II) and non-syndromic retinitis pigmentosa (RP). Molecular diagnosis can provide insight into the pathogenesis of these diseases, facilitate clinical diagnosis, and identify individuals who can most benefit from gene or cell replacement therapy. Here, we report 21 pathogenic mutations in the USH2A gene identified in 11 Chinese families by using the targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. METHODS: In all, 11 unrelated Chinese families were enrolled, and NGS was performed to identify mutations in the USH2A gene. Variant analysis, Sanger validation, and segregation tests were utilized to validate the disease-causing mutations in these families. RESULTS: We identified 21 pathogenic mutations, of which 13, including 5 associated with non-syndromic RP and 8 with USH II, have not been previously reported. The novel variants segregated with disease phenotype in the affected families and were absent from the control subjects. In general, visual impairment and retinopathy were consistent between the USH II and non-syndromic RP patients with USH2A mutations. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide a basis for investigating genotype-phenotype relationships in Chinese USH II and RP patients and for clarifying the pathophysiology and molecular mechanisms of the diseases associated with USH2A mutations.

15.
Sex Transm Infect ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911426

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to determine the impact of maternal HIV-hepatitis B virus (HBV) coinfection on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: The current study was conducted in a county of Yi Autonomous Prefecture in southwest China. Data were abstracted from hospitalisation records, including maternal and infant information. The seroprevalences of HIV and HBV infections and HIV-HBV coinfection were determined and the impact of maternal HIV-HBV coinfection on adverse pregnancy outcomes was assessed using logistic regression analysis. A treatment effects linear regression model was also applied to examine the effect of HBV, HIV or coinfection to quantify the absolute difference in birth weight from a reference of HBV-HIV negative participants. RESULTS: A total of 13 198 pregnant women were included in our study, and among them, 99.1% were Yi people and 90.8% lived in rural area. The seroprevalences of HIV and HBV infections and HIV-HBV coinfection were 3.6% (95% CI: 3.2% to 3.9%), 3.2% (95% CI: 2.9% to 3.5%) and 0.2% (95% CI: 0.1% to 0.2%) among the pregnant women, respectively. Maternal HIV-HBV coinfection was a risk factor for low birth weight (adjusted OR (aOR)=5.52, 95% CI: 1.97 to 15.40). Compared with the HIV mono-infection group, the risk of low birth weight was significantly higher in the HIV-HBV coinfection group (aOR=3.62, 95% CI: 1.24 to 10.56). Maternal HIV infection was associated with an increased risk of low birth weight (aOR=1.90, 95% CI: 1.38 to 2.60) and preterm delivery (aOR=2.84, 95% CI: 1.81 to 4.47). Perinatal death was more common when mothers were infected with HBV (aOR=2.85, 95% CI: 1.54 to 5.26). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HIV infection was high among pregnant women of the Yi region. Both HIV and HBV infections might have adverse effects on pregnancy outcomes. Maternal HIV-HBV coinfection might be a risk factor for low birth weight in the Yi region, which needs to be confirmed.

16.
Oncogene ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911619

RESUMO

Dysregulated metabolism contributes to cancer initiation and progression, but the key drivers of these pathways are just being discovered. Here, we report a critical role for proline catabolism in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) is activated to reduce proline levels by the chromatin remodeling factor lymphoid-specific helicase (LSH), an epigenetic driver of NSCLC. PRODH promotes NSCLC tumorigenesis by inducing epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and IKKα-dependent inflammatory genes, including CXCL1, LCN2, and IL17C. Consistently, proline addition promotes the expression of these inflammatory genes, as well as EMT, tumor cell proliferation, and migration in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, while the depletion or inhibition of PRODH blocks these phenotypes. In summary, we reveal an essential metabolic pathway amenable to targeting in NSCLC.

17.
Can J Microbiol ; : 1-15, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944857

RESUMO

Rhizosphere bacteria are key determinants of plant health and productivity. In this study, we used PCR-based next-generation sequencing to reveal the diversity and community composition of bacteria in the cotton rhizosphere from samples collected in Xinjiang Province, China. We identified 125 bacterial classes within 49 phyla from these samples. Proteobacteria (33.07% of total sequences), Acidobacteria (19.88%), and Gemmatimonadetes (11.19%) dominated the bacterial community. Marked differences were evident in the α-diversity of rhizosphere bacteria during different cotton plant growth and development stages. The operational taxonomic unit (OTU) numbers were highest in seedling and bud stages and decreased at the flowering and fruit-boll-opening stages. Forty-three OTUs from the Proteobacteria were common to all four periods of cotton development. Proteobacteria were more abundant in the rhizospheres of cotton from southern Xinjiang than from northern Xinjiang, while the opposite trend was observed for Acidobacteria. Gemmatimonadetes frequency was broadly the same in both northern and southern Xinjiang. These results suggest that there is abundant diversity in the microbiota of cotton rhizosphere soil. Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria dominated this microbial niche and bacterial communities in the seedling, bud, flowering, and boll-opening stages appear to be more similar to one another than to communities at the other growth stages.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 718-739, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929116

RESUMO

Levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) is a common complication of chronic dopamine replacement therapy in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). Long noncoding RNAs regulate gene expression and participate in many biological processes. However, the role of long noncoding RNAs in LID is not well understood. In the present study, we examined the lncRNA transcriptome profile of a rat model of PD and LID by RNA sequence and got a subset of lncRNAs, which were gradually decreased during the development of PD and LID. We further identified a previously uncharacterized long noncoding RNA, NONRATT023402.2, and its target genes glutathione S-transferase omega (Gsto)2 and prostaglandin E receptor (Ptger)3. All of them were decreased in the PD and LID rats as shown by quantitative real-time PCR, fluorescence in situ hybridization and western blotting. Pearson's correlation analysis showed that their expression was positively correlated with the dyskinesia score of LID rats. In vitro experiments by small interfering RNA confirmed that slicing NONRATT023402 inhibited Gsto2 and Ptger3 and promoted the inflammatory response. These results demonstrate that NONRATT023402.2 may have inhibitive effects on the development of PD and LID.

19.
Neurol Sci ; 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901124

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To improve the accuracy of ultrasound techniques for the assessment of carotid stenosis, we designed a novel carotid artery stenosis ultrasound scale (CASUS), and evaluated its accuracy, reliability, and its value in predicting the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in a prospective study. METHODS: A total of 750 patients with first-time ischemic stroke and hospitalized within 24 h were enrolled in the study. Using color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS), the degree of stenosis and blood flow (BF) in bilateral internal carotid arteries (ICA) and the V1-V3 segment of vertebral arteries (VA) was assessed. Cubic simulation curves for BF and global blood flow (GBF) over the stenosis score (SS), total stenosis score (TSS), and radiological imaging- total stenosis score (RI-TSS) were fitted and compared. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves using TSS, RI-TSS, or GBF to predict various ischemic stroke endpoints were also analyzed and compared. RESULTS: There was a linear relationship between SS and BF both ICA and VA (R2 were 0.734 and 0.783, respectively, both P < 0.05). Both TSS and RI-TSS with GBF showed an inverse "S" curve relationship (R2 was 0.839 and 0.843, all P < 0.05). The AUC values of TSS-based and RI-TSS-based predictions of each endpoint were all greater than 0.7 (all P < 0.05), but the differences of the AUC values between TSS, RI-TSS, and GBF were not statistically significant (all P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The novel CASUS can better reflect the level of cerebral reperfusion in patients with ischemic stroke and can better predict the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.

20.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 378(1): 11, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903506

RESUMO

The dramatic increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations has attracted human attention and many strategies about converting CO2 into high-value chemicals have been put forward. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), as a class of versatile materials, have been widely used in CO2 capture and chemical conversion, due to their unique porosity, multiple active centers and good stability and recyclability. Herein, we focused on the processes of chemical conversion of CO2 by MOFs-based catalysts, including the coupling reactions of epoxides, aziridines or alkyne molecules, CO2 hydrogenation, and other CO2 conversion reactions. The synthesized methods and high catalytic activity of MOFs-based materials were also analyzed systematically. Finally, a brief perspective on feasible strategies is presented to improve the catalytic activity of novel MOFs-based materials and explore the new CO2 conversion reactions.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Alcenos/química , Aminas/química , Aziridinas/química , Catálise , Compostos de Epóxi/química , Hidrogenação , Líquidos Iônicos/química
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