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Pathol Res Pract ; 254: 155131, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309018


Diabetes has been a significant healthcare problem worldwide for a considerable period. The primary objective of diabetic treatment plans is to control the symptoms associated with the pathology. To effectively combat diabetes, it is crucial to comprehend the disease's etiology, essential factors, and the relevant processes involving ß-cells. The development of the pancreas, maturation, and maintenance of ß-cells, and their role in regular insulin function are all regulated by PDX1. Therefore, understanding the regulation of PDX1 and its interactions with signaling pathways involved in ß-cell differentiation and proliferation are crucial elements of alternative diabetes treatment strategies. The present review aims to explore the protective role of PDX1 in ß-cell proliferation through signaling pathways. The main keywords chosen for this review include "PDX1 for ß-cell mass," "ß-cell proliferation," "ß-cell restoration via PDX1," and "mechanism of PDX1 in ß-cells." A comprehensive literature search was conducted using various internet search engines, such as PubMed, Science Direct, and other publication databases. We summarize several approaches to generating ß-cells from alternative cell sources, employing PDX1 under various modified growth conditions and different transcriptional factors. Our analysis highlights the unique potential of PDX1 as a promising target in molecular and cell-based therapies for diabetes.

Diabetes Mellitus , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Células Secretoras de Insulina , Transativadores , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 309(5): 1707-1723, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38316651


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrine disorder that affects a substantial percentage of women, estimated at around 9-21%. This condition can lead to anovulatory infertility in women of childbearing age and is often accompanied by various metabolic disturbances, including hyperandrogenism, insulin resistance, obesity, type-2 diabetes, and elevated cholesterol levels. The development of PCOS is influenced by a combination of epigenetic alterations, genetic mutations, and changes in the expression of non-coding RNAs, particularly microRNAs (miRNAs). MicroRNAs, commonly referred to as non-coding RNAs, are approximately 22 nucleotides in length and primarily function in post-transcriptional gene regulation, facilitating mRNA degradation and repressing translation. Their dynamic expression in different cells and tissues contributes to the regulation of various biological and cellular pathways. As a result, they have become pivotal biomarkers for various diseases, including PCOS, demonstrating intricate associations with diverse health conditions. The aberrant expression of miRNAs has been detected in the serum of women with PCOS, with overexpression and dysregulation of these miRNAs playing a central role in the atypical expression of endocrine hormones linked to PCOS. This review takes a comprehensive approach to explore the upregulation and downregulation of various miRNAs present in ovarian follicular cells, granulosa cells, and theca cells of women diagnosed with PCOS. Furthermore, it discusses the potential for a theragnostic approach using miRNAs to better understand and manage PCOS.

Hiperandrogenismo , MicroRNAs , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Humanos , Feminino , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Hiperandrogenismo/genética , Obesidade/genética , Biomarcadores
Pathophysiology ; 29(2): 200-222, 2022 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35736645


Cancer cells undergo transient EMT and MET phenomena or vice versa, along with the parallel interplay of various markers, often correlated as the determining factor in decoding metabolic profiling of breast cancers. Moreover, various cancer signaling pathways and metabolic changes occurring in breast cancer cells modulate the expression of such markers to varying extents. The existing research completed so far considers the expression of such markers as determinants regulating the invasiveness and survival of breast cancer cells. Therefore, this manuscript is crosstalk among the expression levels of such markers and their correlation in regulating the aggressiveness and invasiveness of breast cancer. We also attempted to cover the possible EMT-based metabolic targets to retard migration and invasion of breast cancer.