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1.
Plant Genome ; : e20439, 2024 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485674

RESUMO

Torenia fournieri Lind. is an ornamental plant that is popular for its numerous flowers and variety of colors. However, its genomic evolutionary history and the genetic and metabolic bases of flower color formation remain poorly understood. Here, we report the first T. fournieri reference genome, which was resolved to the chromosome scale and was 164.4 Mb in size. Phylogenetic analyses clarified relationships with other plant species, and a comparative genomic analysis indicated that the shared ancestor of T. fournieri and Antirrhinum majus underwent a whole genome duplication event. Joint transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses identified many metabolites related to pelargonidin, peonidin, and naringenin production in rose (TfR)-colored flowers. Samples with blue (TfB) and deep blue (TfD) colors contained numerous derivatives of petunidin, cyanidin, quercetin, and malvidin; differences in the abundances of these metabolites and expression levels of the associated genes were hypothesized to be responsible for variety-specific differences in flower color. Furthermore, the genes encoding flavonoid 3-hydroxylase, anthocyanin synthase, and anthocyanin reductase were differentially expressed between flowers of different colors. Overall, we successfully identified key genes and metabolites involved in T. fournieri flower color formation. The data provided by the chromosome-scale genome assembly establish a basis for understanding the differentiation of this species and will facilitate future genetic studies and genomic-assisted breeding.

2.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 32(1): 18, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tranexamic acid (TXA) demonstrates therapeutic efficacy in the management of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of TXA in patients with TBI. METHODS: The databases, namely PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases, were systematically searched to retrieve randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the efficacy of TXA for TBI from January 2000 to November 2023. RESULTS: The present meta-analysis incorporates ten RCTs. Compared to the placebo group, administration of TXA in patients with TBI resulted in a significant reduction in mortality (P = 0.05), hemorrhage growth (P = 0.03), and volume of hemorrhage growth (P = 0.003). However, no significant impact was observed on neurosurgery outcomes (P = 0.25), seizure occurrence (P = 0.78), or pulmonary embolism incidence (P = 0.52). CONCLUSION: The administration of TXA is significantly associated with reduced mortality and hemorrhage growth in patients suffering from TBI, while the need of neurosurgery, seizures, and incidence of pulmonary embolism remains comparable to that observed with placebo.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Embolia Pulmonar , Ácido Tranexâmico , Humanos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/complicações , Embolia Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico
3.
J Med Chem ; 67(6): 4603-4623, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38500250

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disorder. However, there are no disease-modifying drugs approved for OA treatment. CDC2-like kinase 2 (CLK2) could modulate Wnt signaling via alternative splicing of Wnt target genes and further affect bone differentiation, chondrocyte function, and inflammation, making CLK2 an attractive target for OA therapy. In this study, we designed and synthesized a series of highly potent CLK2 inhibitors based on Indazole 1. Among them, compound LQ23 showed more elevated inhibitory activity against CLK2 than the lead compound (IC50, 1.4 nM) with high CLK2/CLK3 selectivity (>70-fold). Furthermore, LQ23 showed outstanding antiosteoarthritis effects in vitro and in vivo, with the roles specific in decreased inflammatory cytokines, downregulated cartilage degradative enzymes, and increased joint cartilage via suppressing CLK2/Wnt signaling pathway. Overall, these data support LQ23 as a potential candidate for intra-articular knee OA therapy, leveraging its unique mechanism of action for targeted treatment.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Articular , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
4.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 174, 2024 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350871

RESUMO

Alfalfa, an essential forage crop known for its high yield, nutritional value, and strong adaptability, has been widely cultivated worldwide. The yield and quality of alfalfa are frequently jeopardized due to environmental degradation. Lignin, a constituent of the cell wall, enhances plant resistance to abiotic stress, which often causes osmotic stress in plant cells. However, how lignin responds to osmotic stress in leaves remains unclear. This study explored the effects of osmotic stress on lignin accumulation and the contents of intermediate metabolites involved in lignin synthesis in alfalfa leaves. Osmotic stress caused an increase in lignin accumulation and the alteration of core enzyme activities and gene expression in the phenylpropanoid pathway. We identified five hub genes (CSE, CCR, CADa, CADb, and POD) and thirty edge genes (including WRKYs, MYBs, and UBPs) by integrating transcriptome and metabolome analyses. In addition, ABA and ethylene signaling induced by osmotic stress regulated lignin biosynthesis in a contradictory way. These findings contribute to a new theoretical foundation for the breeding of high-quality and resistant alfalfa varieties.


Assuntos
Lignina , Medicago sativa , Medicago sativa/genética , Lignina/metabolismo , Pressão Osmótica , Melhoramento Vegetal , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
5.
JAMA ; 331(10): 840-849, 2024 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329440

RESUMO

Importance: It is uncertain whether intravenous methylprednisolone improves outcomes for patients with acute ischemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion (LVO) undergoing endovascular thrombectomy. Objective: To assess the efficacy and adverse events of adjunctive intravenous low-dose methylprednisolone to endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke secondary to LVO. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigator-initiated, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was implemented at 82 hospitals in China, enrolling 1680 patients with stroke and proximal intracranial LVO presenting within 24 hours of time last known to be well. Recruitment took place between February 9, 2022, and June 30, 2023, with a final follow-up on September 30, 2023. Interventions: Eligible patients were randomly assigned to intravenous methylprednisolone (n = 839) at 2 mg/kg/d or placebo (n = 841) for 3 days adjunctive to endovascular thrombectomy. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary efficacy outcome was disability level at 90 days as measured by the overall distribution of the modified Rankin Scale scores (range, 0 [no symptoms] to 6 [death]). The primary safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and the incidence of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 hours. Results: Among 1680 patients randomized (median age, 69 years; 727 female [43.3%]), 1673 (99.6%) completed the trial. The median 90-day modified Rankin Scale score was 3 (IQR, 1-5) in the methylprednisolone group vs 3 (IQR, 1-6) in the placebo group (adjusted generalized odds ratio for a lower level of disability, 1.10 [95% CI, 0.96-1.25]; P = .17). In the methylprednisolone group, there was a lower mortality rate (23.2% vs 28.5%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.84 [95% CI, 0.71-0.98]; P = .03) and a lower rate of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.6% vs 11.7%; adjusted risk ratio, 0.74 [95% CI, 0.55-0.99]; P = .04) compared with placebo. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with acute ischemic stroke due to LVO undergoing endovascular thrombectomy, adjunctive methylprednisolone added to endovascular thrombectomy did not significantly improve the degree of overall disability. Trial Registration: ChiCTR.org.cn Identifier: ChiCTR2100051729.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Trombectomia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Metilprednisolona/efeitos adversos
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 468: 133754, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394892

RESUMO

In this study, the atmospheric dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma was proposed for the degradation of polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs) for the first time, due to its ability to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). The local temperature in plasma was found to play a crucial role, as it enhanced the degradation reaction induced by ROS when it exceeded the melting temperature of PS-MPs. Factors including applied voltage, air flow rate, and PS-MPs concentration were investigated, and the degradation products were analyzed. High plasma energy and adequate supply of ROS were pivotal in promoting degradation. At 20.1 kV, the degradation efficiency of PS-MPs reached 98.7% after 60 min treatment, with gases (mainly COx, accounting for 96.4%) as the main degradation products. At a concentration of 1 wt%, the PS-MPs exhibited a remarkable conversion rate of 90.6% to COx, showcasing the degradation performance and oxidation degree of this technology. Finally, the degradation mechanism of PS-MPs combined with the detection results of ROS was suggested. This work demonstrates that DBD plasma is a promising strategy for PS-MPs degradation, with high energy efficiency (8.80 mg/kJ) and degradation performance (98.7% within 1 h), providing direct evidence for the rapid and comprehensive treatment of MP pollutants.

7.
Mol Oncol ; 2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38419282

RESUMO

Casein kinase 1ε (CK1ε) and axis inhibitor 1 (AXIN1) are crucial components of the ß-catenin destruction complex in canonical Wnt signaling. CK1ε has been shown to interact with AXIN1, but its physiological function and role in tumorigenesis remain unknown. In this study, we found that CK1δ/ε inhibitors significantly enhanced AXIN1 protein level in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells through targeting CK1ε. Mechanistically, CK1ε promoted AXIN1 degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway by promoting the interaction of E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase SIAH1 with AXIN1. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of CK1ε and knockdown of SIAH1 downregulated the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin-dependent genes, suppressed the viability of CRC cells, and restrained tumorigenesis and progression of CRC in vitro and in vivo. In summary, our results demonstrate that CK1ε exerted its oncogenic role in CRC occurrence and progression by regulating the stability of AXIN1. These findings reveal a novel mechanism by which CK1ε regulates the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and highlight the therapeutic potential of targeting the CK1ε/SIAH1 axis in CRC.

8.
BMC Genomics ; 25(1): 20, 2024 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166654

RESUMO

Glycoside hydrolase family 1 (GH1) ß-glucosidases (BGLUs), are encoded by a large number of genes, which participate in the development and stress response of plants, particularly under biotic and abiotic stresses through the activation of phytohormones. However, there are few studies systematically analyzing stress or hormone-responsive BGLU genes in alfalfa. In this study, a total of 179 BGLU genes of the glycoside hydrolase family 1 were identified in the genome of alfalfa, and then were classified into five distinct clusters. Sequence alignments revealed several conserved and unique motifs among these MsBGLU proteins. Many cis-acting elements related to abiotic stresses and phytohormones were identified in the promoter of some MsBGLUs. Moreover, RNA-seq and RT-qPCR analyses showed that these MsBGLU genes exhibited distinct expression patterns in response to different abiotic stress and hormonal treatments. In summary, this study suggests that MsBGLU genes play crucial roles in response to various abiotic stresses and hormonal responses, and provides candidate genes for stress tolerance breeding in alfalfa.


Assuntos
Medicago sativa , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas , Medicago sativa/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/genética , Filogenia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
9.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 24, 2024 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) reflects a true acute hyperglycemic state during acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO). We aimed to investigate the association between SHR and short-term and long-term outcomes in patients with ABAO receiving endovascular treatment (EVT). METHODS: We selected patients treated with EVT from the BASILAR study, a nationwide prospective registry. A total 250 patients with documented glucose and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) values at admission were included. SHR was calculated as the ratio of glucose/HbA1C. All 250 patients completed 90 days of follow-up and 234 patients (93.6%) completed 1 year of follow-up. The primary outcome was the favorable outcome defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ≤ 3 at 90 days. Safety outcomes included mortality at 90 days and 1 year, and intracranial hemorrhage. RESULTS: Among the 250 patients included, patients with higher tertiles of SHR were associated with decreased odds of a favorable functional outcome at 90 days (adjusted OR, 0.26; 95% CI, 0.12-0.56; P = 0.001 and adjusted OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.80; P = 0.01; respectively) and 1 year (adjusted OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.16-0.73; P = 0.006 and adjusted OR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.18-0.82; P = 0.01; respectively) after adjusting for confounding covariates. The mortality was comparable across tertiles of SHR groups at 90 days and 1 year. CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that SHR was associated with a decreased probability of favorable functional outcome both at 90 days and 1 year after EVT in patients with ABAO. The relationship was more pronounced in non-diabetes patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trial Registry Identifier: ChiCTR1800014759 (November 12, 2013).


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hiperglicemia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Artéria Basilar , Hemoglobinas Glicadas , Glucose , Hospitalização , Resultado do Tratamento , Trombectomia
10.
Small ; 20(4): e2304273, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37705459

RESUMO

Considering the direct influence of substrate surface nature on perovskite (PVK) film growth, buried interfacial engineering is crucial to obtain ideal perovskite solar cells (PSCs). Herein, 1-(3-aminopropyl)-imidazole (API) is introduced at polytriarylamine (PTAA)/PVK interface to modulate the bottom property of PVK. First, the introduction of API improves the growth of PVK grains and reduces the Pb2+ defects and residual PbI2 present at the bottom of the film, contributing to the acquisition of high-quality PVK film. Besides, the presence of API can optimize the energy structure between PVK and PTAA, which facilitates the interfacial charge transfer. Density functional theory (DFT) reveals that the electron donor unit (R-C ═ N) of the API prefers to bind with Pb2+ traps at the PVK interface, while the formation of hydrogen bonds between the R-NH2 of API and I- strengthens the above binding ability. Consequently, the optimum API-treated inverted formamidinium-cesium (FA/Cs) PSCs yields a champion power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 22.02% and exhibited favorable stability.

11.
Small ; : e2310125, 2023 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38100305

RESUMO

The solution-processed zinc oxide (ZnO) electron transport layer (ETL) always exhibits ubiquitous defects, and its photocatalytic activity is detrimental for the organic solar cell (OSC) to achieve high efficiency and stability. Herein, an organic dye molecule, PDINN-S is introduced, to dope ZnO, constructing a hybrid ZnO:PDINN-S ETL. This hybrid ETL exhibits improved electron mobility and conductivity, particularly post-light exposure. The catalytic activity of ZnO is also effectively suppressed.Consequently, the efficiency and photo-stability of inverted non-fullerene OSCs are synergistically enhanced. The devices based on PM6:Y6/PM6:BTP-eC9 active layer with ZnO:PDINN-S as ETL give impressive power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 16.78%/17.59%, significantly higher than those with pure ZnO as ETL (PCEs = 15.31%/16.04%). Moreover, ZnO:PDINN-S-based device shows exceptional long-term stability under continuous AM 1.5G illumination (T80 = 1130 h) , overwhelming the reference device (T80 = 455 h). In addition, Incorporating PDINN-S into ZnO alleviate mechanical stress within the inorganic lattice, making ZnO:PDINN-S ETL more suitable for the fabrication of flexible devices. Overall, doping ZnO with organic dye molecules offers an innovative strategy for developing multifunctional and efficient hybrid ETL of the non-fullerene OSCs with excellent efficiency and photo-stability.

12.
Adv Mater ; 35(52): e2309797, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37973189

RESUMO

Stubborn biofilm infections pose serious threats to human health due to the persistence, recurrence, and dramatically magnified antibiotic resistance. Photodynamic therapy has emerged as a promising approach to combat biofilm. Nevertheless, how to inhibit the bacterial signal transduction system and the efflux pump to conquer biofilm recurrence and resistance remains a challenging and unaddressed issue. Herein, a boric acid-functionalized lipophilic cationic type I photosensitizer, ACR-DMP, is developed, which efficiently generates •OH to overcome the hypoxic microenvironment and photodynamically eradicates methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and biofilms. Furthermore, it not only alters membrane potential homeostasis and osmotic pressure balance due to its strong binding ability with plasma membrane but also inhibits quorum sensing and the two-component system, reduces virulence factors, and regulates the activity of the drug efflux pump attributed to the glycan-targeting ability, helping to prevent biofilm recurrence and conquer biofilm resistance. In vivo, ACR-DMP successfully obliterates MRSA biofilms attached to implanted medical catheters, alleviates inflammation, and promotes vascularization, thereby combating infections and accelerating wound healing. This work not only provides an efficient strategy to combat stubborn biofilm infections and bacterial multidrug resistance but also offers systematic guidance for the rational design of next-generation advanced antimicrobial materials.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Percepção de Quorum , Humanos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
13.
Mater Today Bio ; 23: 100849, 2023 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38033366

RESUMO

There is a high demand for an optimal drug delivery system to treat androgenetic alopecia. Topical application of ISX9, which is a neurogenesis inducer, has been found to stimulate hair follicle (HF) regrowth by upregulating the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway, an essential pathway involved in initiating HF growth and development. In the present study, a temperature-sensitive, biopolymer-based, biocompatible, and eco-friendly drug-delivery system was synthesized. This system comprised chitosan-grafted poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-N-isopropyl acrylamide) (Poly(GMA-co-NIPAAm)@CS-PGNCS) as the shell component and PF127 as the core polymer. The hydrophobic nature of the PF127 block copolymer efficiently dissolved the partially water-soluble drug, ISX9, and the thermos-responsive shell polymer effectively released the drug at a definite skin temperature. The optimized spherical nanoparticles demonstrated the lowest critical solution temperature (LCST) at 32 ± 2 °C with a diameter of 100-250 nm, which delivered encapsulated ISX9 with greater precision than topical ISX9. In a series of in vivo experiments, we demonstrated that ISX9-coated TBNPs upregulated the expression of ß-catenin, active ß-catenin, Wnt target genes, stemness marker genes, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, HF stem cell markers, and HF markers including VEGF, TGF, and IGF-1 more effectively than topical ISX9. These results suggest that TBNPs could be employed as a platform for effective transdermal delivery of various hydrophobic drugs.

14.
Small ; : e2306402, 2023 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37992239

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is extensively investigated for tumor therapy in the clinic. However, the efficacy of PDT is severely limited by the tissue penetrability of light, short effective half-life and radius of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the weak immunostimulatory effect. In this study, a glutathione (GSH)-activatable nano-photosensitizer is developed to load with arachidonic acid (AA) and camouflage by erythrocyte membrane, which serves as a laser-ignited lipid peroxidation nanoamplifier (MAR). The photosensitive effect of MAR is recovered accompanied by the degradation in the tumor microenvironment and triggers the peroxidation of AA upon laser excitation. Interestingly, it aggravates the propagation of ferroptosis among cancer cells by driving the continuous lipid peroxidation chain reactions with the participation of the degradation products, ferrous ions (Fe2+ ), and AA. Consequently, even the deep-seated tumor cells without illumination also undergo ferroptosis owing to the propagation of ferroptotic signal. Moreover, the residual tumor cells undergoing ferroptosis still maintain high immunogenicity after PDT, thus continuously triggering sufficient tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) release to remarkably promote the anti-tumor immune response. Therefore, this study will provide a novel "all-in-one" nano-photosensitizer that not only amplifies the damaging effect and expands the effective range of PDT but also improves the immunostimulatory effect after PDT.

15.
Ann Clin Transl Neurol ; 10(11): 2043-2052, 2023 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37649303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether treatment with adjunct intravenous tirofiban is associated with improved outcomes following successful reperfusion in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stroke. METHODS: Patients with intracranial large artery atherosclerotic (LAA) stroke and an expanded Treatment in Cerebral Ischemia angiographic score of 2b50 to 3 from the Effect of Intravenous Tirofiban versus Placebo Before Endovascular Thrombectomy on Functional Outcomes in Large Vessel Occlusion Stroke (RESCUE BT) trial were included. The primary outcome was the difference in proportion of independent functional outcome (modified Rankin score of 0-2 at 90 days). Safety outcomes included the rates of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and 90-day mortality. RESULTS: Among the 382 patients with intracranial LAA stroke and successful reperfusion, 175 patients (45.8%) were treated with intravenous tirofiban and 207 (54.2%) with placebo. The proportion of patients with independent functional outcome at 90 days was 54.3% (95 out of 175) with tirofiban and 44.0% (91 out of 207) with placebo (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.58; 95% CI, 1.02-2.44; p = 0.04). Intravenous tirofiban was not significantly associated with an increased risk of sICH (12/175 [6.9%] vs. 11/207 [5.3%]; aOR, 1.41; 95% CI, 0.59-3.34; p = 0.44) or 90-day mortality (21/175 [12.0%] vs. 34/207 [16.4%]; aOR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.38-1.31; p = 0.27). INTERPRETATION: Among patients with acute intracranial LAA stroke and successful reperfusion following endovascular thrombectomy, adjunct intravenous tirofiban was associated with a higher rate of independent functional outcome, without higher rates of sICH or mortality. Confirmatory randomized trials in these patients are desirable.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Tirofibana/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos , Resultado do Tratamento , Hemorragias Intracranianas/induzido quimicamente , Artérias , Reperfusão/efeitos adversos
16.
Lancet ; 402(10406): 965-974, 2023 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37640037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intravenous thrombolysis is recommended before endovascular treatment, but its value has been questioned in patients who are admitted directly to centres capable of endovascular treatment. Existing randomised controlled trials have indicated non-inferiority of endovascular treatment alone or have been statistically inconclusive. We formed the Improving Reperfusion Strategies in Acute Ischaemic Stroke collaboration to assess non-inferiority of endovascular treatment alone versus intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis to establish non-inferiority of endovascular treatment alone versus intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment. We searched PubMed and MEDLINE with the terms "stroke", "endovascular treatment", "intravenous thrombolysis", and synonyms for articles published from database inception to March 9, 2023. We included randomised controlled trials on the topic of interest, without language restrictions. Authors of the identified trials agreed to take part, and individual participant data were provided by the principal investigators of the respective trials and collated centrally by the collaborators. Our primary outcome was the 90-day modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score. Non-inferiority of endovascular treatment alone was assessed using a lower boundary of 0·82 for the 95% CI around the adjusted common odds ratio (acOR) for shift towards improved outcome (analogous to 5% absolute difference in functional independence) with ordinal regression. We used mixed-effects models for all analyses. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42023411986. FINDINGS: We identified 1081 studies, and six studies (n=2313; 1153 participants randomly assigned to receive endovascular treatment alone and 1160 randomly assigned to receive intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment) were eligible for analysis. The risk of bias of the included studies was low to moderate. Variability between studies was small, and mainly related to the choice and dose of the thrombolytic drug and country of execution. The median mRS score at 90 days was 3 (IQR 1-5) for participants who received endovascular treatment alone and 2 (1-4) for participants who received intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment (acOR 0·89, 95% CI 0·76-1·04). Any intracranial haemorrhage (0·82, 0·68-0·99) occurred less frequently with endovascular treatment alone than with intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment. Symptomatic intracranial haemorrhage and mortality rates did not differ significantly. INTERPRETATION: We did not establish non-inferiority of endovascular treatment alone compared with intravenous thrombolysis plus endovascular treatment in patients presenting directly at endovascular treatment centres. Further research could focus on cost-effectiveness analysis and on individualised decisions when patient characteristics, medication shortages, or delays are expected to offset a potential benefit of administering intravenous thrombolysis before endovascular treatment. FUNDING: Stryker and Amsterdam University Medical Centers, University of Amsterdam.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Hemorragias Intracranianas , AVC Isquêmico/tratamento farmacológico , AVC Isquêmico/cirurgia , Terapia Trombolítica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Chemosphere ; 338: 139535, 2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37467857

RESUMO

Dechlorination is essential for the chemical recycling of waste polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastics. This study investigated the use of non-thermal plasma (NTP) for chlorine removal, with a focus on the effects of treatment time and discharge power on dechlorination efficiency. The results showed that longer treatment times and higher discharge powers led to better dechlorination performance. The maximum efficiency (98.25%) and HCl recovery yield (55.72%) were achieved at 180 W power after 40 min of treatment where 96.44% of Cl existed in the form of HCl gas, 1.44% in the liquid product, and 2.12% in the solid residue product. NTP at a discharge power of 150 W showed better dechlorination performance compared to traditional thermal pyrolysis treatment in temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 °C. The activation energy analysis of the chlorine removal showed that compared to pyrolysis-based dechlorination (137.09 kJ/mol), NTP-based dechlorination (23.62 kJ/mol) was more easily achievable. This work presents a practical method for the dechlorination of waste PVC plastic using a novel technology without requiring additional thermal and pressure input.


Assuntos
Cloro , Cloreto de Polivinila , Cloreto de Polivinila/química , Temperatura , Cloretos , Reciclagem , Plásticos
18.
Cancer Sci ; 114(8): 3318-3329, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37302808

RESUMO

WDR54 has been recently identified as a novel oncogene in colorectal and bladder cancers. However, the expression and function of WDR54 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) were not reported. In this study, we investigated the expression of WDR54 in T-ALL, as well as its function in T-ALL pathogenesis using cell lines and T-ALL xenograft. Bioinformatics analysis indicated high mRNA expression of WDR54 in T-ALL. We further confirmed that the expression of WDR54 was significantly elevated in T-ALL. Depletion of WDR54 dramatically inhibited cell viability and induced apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at S phase in T-ALL cells in vitro. Moreover, knockdown of WDR54 impeded the process of leukemogenesis in a Jurkat xenograft model in vivo. Mechanistically, the expression of PDPK1, phospho-AKT (p-AKT), total AKT, phospho-ERK (p-ERK), Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL were downregulated, while cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 were upregulated in T-ALL cells with WDR54 knockdown. Additionally, RNA-seq analysis indicated that WDR54 might regulate the expression of some oncogenic genes involved in multiple signaling pathways. Taken together, these findings suggest that WDR54 may be involved in the pathogenesis of T-ALL and serve as a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of T-ALL.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células T Precursoras/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Apoptose/genética , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de 3-Fosfoinositídeo
19.
Neurol Ther ; 12(4): 1285-1297, 2023 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37266794

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Admission hyperglycemia and high admission blood glucose levels have been associated with poor outcomes in acute ischemic stroke. However, the relationship between admission hyperglycemia and outcomes after endovascular treatment (EVT) in acute basilar artery occlusion (ABAO) still remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between admission hyperglycemia and clinical outcomes in ABAO following EVT. METHODS: Patients from the BASILAR registry with admission blood glucose levels treated with EVT were included. We defined admission hyperglycemia as blood glucose levels ≥ 7.8 mmol/L. The primary outcome was favorable outcome [defined as a modified Rankin Scale score (mRS) of 0-3] at 90 days, Secondary outcomes included other functional outcomes (mRS 0-2, mRS 0-1) at 90 days, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) within 48 h, and mortality at 90 days. RESULTS: Of 545 eligible patients included, the median age was 65 (IQR, 56-73) years, and median blood glucose level was 7.36 (IQR, 6.10-9.66) mmol/L. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that admission hyperglycemia was associated with decreased favorable outcome (mRS 0-3) (adjusted odds ratio = 0.52; 95% CI 0.35-0.79; P = 0.001), and increased mortality (adjusted odds ratio = 2.67; 95% CI 1.82-3.91; P < 0.001). Restricted cubic spline regression analysis showed that the blood glucose level had a non-linearity association with favorable outcome and mortality, and that there was no association between admission hyperglycemia and sICH. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggest that admission hyperglycemia is associated with an increased risk of poor functional outcomes and mortality in patients with ABAO treated with EVT. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ( http://www.chictr.org.cn ), ChiCTR180001475.

20.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost ; 29: 10760296231184219, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37386776

RESUMO

Few studies have reported the clinical outcomes of older adult patients with acute anterior circulation large-vessel occlusion (LVO) who underwent mechanical thrombectomy (MT). Therefore, we investigated the safety, functional outcomes, and predictors of MT for anterior circulation LVO in older adults. We enrolled patients with acute anterior circulation LVO from May 2018 to October 2021 in this retrospective study. Patients were divided into older (≥80 years) and young (<80 years) groups. Multivariable logistic regression analyses determined the safety, functional outcomes, and predictors of MT for anterior circulation LVO. We divided 1182 patients with acute ischemic stroke into young (18-79 years; 1028 patients) and older (≥80 years; 154 patients) groups. Compared with the young group, the older group had more unfavorable functional outcomes and increased mortality (P = .003). In the older adult patients, lower initial NIHSS score and higher ASPECTS were correlated with good outcomes. On the contrary, higher initial NIHSS score and lower ASPECTS were related to increased mortality. No difference was detected in symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage within 48 h between two groups. Increasing age was associated with lower rates of favorable functional outcomes and higher mortality rates. The lower initial NIHSS score combined with the higher ASPECTS may predict functional outcomes post-thrombectomy in older adults.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragias Intracranianas , Trombectomia
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