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1.
J Biomed Opt ; 29(Suppl 1): S11530, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632983

RESUMO

Significance: In the photoacoustic (PA) technique, the laser irradiation in the time domain (i.e., laser pulse duration) governs the characteristics of PA imaging-it plays a crucial role in the optical-acoustic interaction, the generation of PA signals, and the PA imaging performance. Aim: We aim to provide a comprehensive analysis of the impact of laser pulse duration on various aspects of PA imaging, encompassing the signal-to-noise ratio, the spatial resolution of PA imaging, the acoustic frequency spectrum of the acoustic wave, the initiation of specific physical phenomena, and the photothermal-PA (PT-PA) interaction/conversion. Approach: By surveying and reviewing the state-of-the-art investigations, we discuss the effects of laser pulse duration on the generation of PA signals in the context of biomedical PA imaging with respect to the aforementioned aspects. Results: First, we discuss the impact of laser pulse duration on the PA signal amplitude and its correlation with the lateral resolution of PA imaging. Subsequently, the relationship between the axial resolution of PA imaging and the laser pulse duration is analyzed with consideration of the acoustic frequency spectrum. Furthermore, we examine the manipulation of the pulse duration to trigger physical phenomena and its relevant applications. In addition, we elaborate on the tuning of the pulse duration to manipulate the conversion process and ratio from the PT to PA effect. Conclusions: We contribute to the understanding of the physical mechanisms governing pulse-width-dependent PA techniques. By gaining insight into the mechanism behind the influence of the laser pulse, we can trigger the pulse-with-dependent physical phenomena for specific PA applications, enhance PA imaging performance in biomedical imaging scenarios, and modulate PT-PA conversion by tuning the pulse duration precisely.

2.
J Chromatogr A ; 1721: 464854, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579528

RESUMO

Developing adsorbents with high performance and long service life for effective extracting the trace organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) from real water is attracting numerous attentions. Herein, a self-standing covalent organic framework (COF-TpPa) membrane with fiber morphology was successfully synthesized by using electrospun nanofiber membranes as template and employed as solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coating for ultra-high sensitivity extraction and analysis of trace OCPs in water. The as-synthesized COF-TpPa membrane exhibited a high specific surface area (800.83 m2 g-1), stable nanofibrous structure, and excellent chemical and thermal stability. Based on the COF-TpPa membrane, a new SPME analytical method in conjunction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was established. This proposed method possessed favorable linearity in concentration of 0.05-2000 ng L-1, high sensitivity with enrichment factors ranging from 2175 to 5846, low limits of detection (0.001-0.150 ng L-1), satisfactory precision (RSD < 10 %), and excellent repeatability (>150 cycles), which was better than most of the reported works. Additionally, the density functional theory (DFT) calculations and XPS results demonstrated that the outstanding enrichment performance of the COF-TpPa membrane was owing to synergistic effect of π-π stacking effects, high specific surface area and hydrogen bonding. This work will expect to extend the applications of COF membrane to captures trace organic pollutants in complex environmental water, as well as offer a multiscale interpretation for the design of effective adsorbents.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Nanofibras , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Água , Porosidade , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Praguicidas/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise
3.
Glob Chang Biol ; 30(4): e17274, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605677

RESUMO

Climate change and other anthropogenic disturbances are increasing liana abundance and biomass in many tropical and subtropical forests. While the effects of living lianas on species diversity, ecosystem carbon, and nutrient dynamics are receiving increasing attention, the role of dead lianas in forest ecosystems has been little studied and is poorly understood. Trees and lianas coexist as the major woody components of forests worldwide, but they have very different ecological strategies, with lianas relying on trees for mechanical support. Consequently, trees and lianas have evolved highly divergent stem, leaf, and root traits. Here we show that this trait divergence is likely to persist after death, into the afterlives of these organs, leading to divergent effects on forest biogeochemistry. We introduce a conceptual framework combining horizontal, vertical, and time dimensions for the effects of liana proliferation and liana tissue decomposition on ecosystem carbon and nutrient cycling. We propose a series of empirical studies comparing traits between lianas and trees to answer questions concerning the influence of trait afterlives on the decomposability of liana and tree organs. Such studies will increase our understanding of the contribution of lianas to terrestrial biogeochemical cycling, and help predict the effects of their increasing abundance.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Clima Tropical , Florestas , Árvores , Carbono
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6702, 2024 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509102

RESUMO

DNA damage response (DDR) pathways are responsible for repairing endogenous or exogenous DNA damage to maintain the stability of the cellular genome, including homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway, mismatch repair (MMR) pathway, etc. In ovarian cancer, current studies are focused on HRR genes, especially BRCA1/2, and the results show regional and population differences. To characterize germline mutations in DDR genes in ovarian cancer in Southwest China, 432 unselected ovarian cancer patients underwent multi-gene panel testing from October 2016 to October 2020. Overall, deleterious germline mutations in DDR genes were detected in 346 patients (80.1%), and in BRCA1/2 were detected in 126 patients (29.2%). The prevalence of deleterious germline mutations in BRCA2 is higher than in other studies (patients are mainly from Eastern China), and so is the mismatch repair genes. We identified three novel BRCA1/2 mutations, two of which probably deleterious (BRCA1 p.K1622* and BRCA2 p.L2987P). Furthermore, we pointed out that deleterious mutations of FNACD2 and RECQL4 are potential ovarian cancer susceptibility genes and may predispose carriers to ovarian cancer. In conclusion, our study highlights the necessity of comprehensive germline mutation detection of DNA damage response genes in ovarian cancer patients, which is conducive to patient management and genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1 , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Humanos , Feminino , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Reparo do DNA/genética , Células Germinativas , Predisposição Genética para Doença
5.
Biomaterials ; 307: 122534, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518589

RESUMO

Despite of the recent advances in regulatory T cell (Treg) therapy, a limited number of available cells and specificity at the desired tissue site have severely compromised their efficacy. Herein, an injectable drug-releasing (MTK-TK-drug) microgel system in response to in situ stimulation by reactive oxygen species (ROS) was constructed with a coaxial capillary microfluidic system and UV curing. The spherical microgels with a size of 150 µm were obtained. The MTK-TK-drug microgels efficiently converted the pro-inflammatory Th17 cells into anti-inflammatory regulatory T cells (Treg) cells in vitro, and the ROS-scavenging materials synergistically enhanced the effect by modulating the inflammation microenvironment. Thus, the microgels significantly reduced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and decreased the inflammatory response in the early stages of post-myocardial infarction (MI) in vivo, thereby reducing fibrosis, promoting vascularization, and preserving cardiac function. Overall, our results indicate that the MTK-TK-drug microgels can attenuate the inflammatory response and improve MI therapeutic effects in vivo.


Assuntos
Microgéis , Infarto do Miocárdio , Humanos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Microfluídica
6.
Food Chem ; 448: 139030, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531301

RESUMO

This study presents a novel approach using polyol-based proliposome to produce marine phospholipids nanoliposomes. Proliposomes were formulated by blending glycerol with phospholipids across varying mass ratios (2:1 to 1:10) at room temperature. Analysis employing polarized light microscopy, FTIR, and DSC revealed that glycerol disrupted the stacked acyl groups within phospholipids, lowering the phase transition temperature (Tm). Krill oil phospholipids (KOP) proliposomes exhibited superior performance in nanoliposomes formation, with a mean diameter of 125.60 ± 3.97 nm, attributed to the decreased Tm (-7.64 and 7.00 °C) compared to soybean phospholipids, along with a correspondingly higher absolute zeta potential (-39.77 ± 1.18 mV). The resulting KOP proliposomes demonstrated liposomes formation stability over six months and under various environmental stresses (dilution, thermal, ionic strength, pH), coupled with in vitro absorption exceeding 90 %. This investigation elucidates the mechanism behind glycerol-formulated proliposomes and proposes innovative strategies for scalable, solvent-free nanoliposome production with implications for functional foods and pharmaceutical applications.

7.
Chin Med ; 19(1): 53, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lamiophlomis rotata (Benth.) Kudo (L. rotata), the oral Traditional Tibetan herbal medicine, is adopted for treating knife and gun wounds for a long time. As previously demonstrated, total iridoid glycoside extract of L. rotata (IGLR) induced polarization of M2 macrophage to speed up wound healing. In diabetic wounds, high levels inflammatory and chemotactic factors are usually related to high reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. As a ROS target gene, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2), influences the differentiation of monocytes to M1/M2 macrophages. Fortunately, iridoid glycosides are naturally occurring active compounds that can be used as the oxygen radical scavenger. Nevertheless, the influence of IGLR in diabetic wound healing and its associated mechanism is largely unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With macrophages and dermal fibroblasts in vitro, as well as a thickness excision model of db/db mouse in vivo, the role of IGLR in diabetic wound healing and the probable mechanism of the action were investigated. RESULTS: Our results showed that IGLR suppressed oxidative distress and inflammation partly through the NRF2/cyclooxygenase2 (COX2) signaling pathway in vitro. The intercellular communication between macrophages and dermal fibroblasts was investigated by the conditioned medium (CM) of IGLR treatment cells. The CM increased the transcription and translation of collagen I (COL1A1) and alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) within fibroblasts. With diabetic wound mice, the data demonstrated IGLR activated the NRF2/KEAP1 signaling and the downstream targets of the pathway, inhibited COX2/PEG2 signaling and decreased the interaction inflammatory targets of the axis, like interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß), interleukin 6 (IL-6), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase1 (caspase1) and NOD-like receptor-containing protein 3 (NLRP3).In addition, the deposition of COL1A1, and the level of α-SMA, and Transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) obviously elevated, whereas that of pro-inflammatory factors reduced in the diabetic wound tissue with IGLR treatment. CONCLUSION: IGLR suppressed oxidative distress and inflammation mainly through NRF2/COX2 axis, thus promoting paracrine and accelerating wound healing in diabetes mice.

8.
J Invasive Cardiol ; 2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547047

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The instantaneous wave-free ratio (iwFR) has limited availability. A new resting index called the constant-resistance ratio (cRR), which dynamically identifies cardiac intervals with constant and minimum resistance, has been developed; however, its diagnostic performance is unknown. The aim of this study was to validate the cRR by retrospectively calculating the cRR values from raw pressure waveforms of 2 publicly available datasets and compare them with those of the iwFR. METHODS: Waveform data from the CONTRAST and VERIFY 2 studies were used. The primary endpoint was Bland-Altman bias between cRR and iwFR. Secondary endpoints included diagnostic agreement, correlation, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and success rates of cRR and iwFR. RESULTS: Among the 1036 waveforms, 871 were successful in determining paired cRR and iwFR values, while cRR was 6% more successful than iwFR (P less than .0001). The mean bias between cRR and iwFR was 0.003, with 95% limits of agreement [-0.021,0.028]. These 2 indices were highly correlated (r = 0.991; P less than .0001). Using an iwFR of 0.89 or less as the reference standard, the optimal cRR cutoff was 0.89, with an area under the ROC curve of 0.991 (P less than .001) and a diagnostic accuracy of 96.9% (95% CI [96%, 98%]). CONCLUSIONS: The cRR, a new resting index for identifying dynamic cardiac intervals with constant and minimum resistance, demonstrated high numerical agreement, diagnostic consistency, and a higher success rate than the iwFR based on the 2 publicly available datasets.

9.
Front Oncol ; 14: 1336616, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371630

RESUMO

Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety in a real-world population of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) treated with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor (PARPi) as first-line maintenance therapy in the largest gynecologic oncology center in Western China. Methods: This study included patients newly diagnosed EOC who received PARPi as first-line maintenance therapy in West China Second University Hospital from August 1, 2018 to September 31, 2022. The primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and safety evaluated by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events Version 5.0(CTCAE 5.0). The secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and prognostic factors influencing the PFS of patients in real world. Results: Among the eligible 164 patients, 104 patients received olaparib and 60 patients received niraparib. 100 patients (61.0%) had mutations in breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA). 87 patients (53.0%) received primary debulking surgery (PDS) while 77 patients (47.0%) received interval debulking surgery (IDS). 94 patients (94/164, 57.3%) achieved R0 and 39 patients (23.8%) achieved R1 after PDS/IDS. 112 (68.3%) achieved complete response (CR) after first-line chemotherapy, while 49 (29.9%) achieved partial response (PR). The median follow-up time was 17.0 months (95% CI 15.6-18.4), and the median PFS has not been reached yet. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that BRCA mutations and CR/PR after platinum-based chemotherapy were independent factors associated with prolonged PFS. Hematologic toxicity was the most common grade≥3 AE. There were no incidence of myelodysplastic syndromes/acute myelogenous leukemia (MDS/AML). Conclusion: Focusing on PARPi as first-line maintenance therapy for patients with EOC, this study represented the largest single-center real-world study in China to date. Two independent factors were identified to prolong the PFS of patients: BRCA mutated type and CR/PR after primary treatment, which should be further confirmed with long-term follow-up and large sample sizes.

10.
Small ; : e2311648, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38402429

RESUMO

Ternary strategy with integration characteristics and adaptability is a simple and effective method for blooming of the performance of photovoltaic devices. Herein, a novel wideband gap polymer donor PBB2-Hs is synthesized as the guest component to optimize all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs). High-energy photon absorption and long exciton lifetime of PBB2-Hs constitute efficient energy transfer. Good miscibility and cascade energy levels promote the formation of alloy-like structure between PBB2-Hs and host system. The dual working mechanisms greatly improve photon capture and charge transfer in active layers. Additionally, the introduction of PBB2-Hs also optimizes the ordered molecular stacking of acceptors and suppresses molecular peristalsis. Upon adding 15 wt% PBB2-Hs, the ternary all-PSC achieved a champion efficiency of 17.66%, and can still maintain 82% photostability (24 h) and 91% storage stability (1000 h) of the original PCE. Moreover, the strong molecular stacking and entanglement between PBB2-Hs and the host material increased the elongation at break of ternary blend film by 1.6 times (16.2%), allowing the flexible device to maintain 83% of the original efficiency after 800 bends (R = 5 mm). This work highlights the effectiveness of guest polymer on simultaneously improving photovoltaic performance, photostability and mechanical stability in all-PSCs.

11.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(7): 4620-4631, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38330912

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is highly lethal. New diagnostic and treatment modalities are desperately needed. We report here that an expanded porphyrin, cyclo[8]pyrrole (CP), with a high extinction coefficient (89.16 L/g·cm) within the second near-infrared window (NIR-II), may be formulated with an αvß3-specific targeting peptide, cyclic-Arg-Gly-Asp (cRGD), to form cRGD-CP nanoparticles (cRGD-CPNPs) with promising NIR-II photothermal (PT) therapeutic and photoacoustic (PA) imaging properties. Studies with a ring-array PA tomography system, coupled with analysis of control nanoparticles lacking a targeting element (CPNPs), revealed that cRGD conjugation promoted the delivery of the NPs through abnormal vessels around the tumor to the solid tumor core. This proved true in both subcutaneous and orthotopic pancreatic tumor mice models, as confirmed by immunofluorescent studies. In combination with NIR-II laser photoirradiation, the cRGD-CPNPs provided near-baseline tumor growth inhibition through PTT both in vitro and in vivo. Notably, the combination of the present cRGD-CPNPs and photoirradiation was found to inhibit intra-abdominal metastases in an orthotopic pancreatic tumor mouse model. The cRGD-CPNPs also displayed good biosafety profiles, as inferred from PA tomography, blood analyses, and H&E staining. They thus appear promising for use in combined PA imaging and PT therapeutic treatment of pancreatic cancer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Técnicas Fotoacústicas , Animais , Camundongos , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Nanopartículas/química , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Técnicas Fotoacústicas/métodos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fototerapia
12.
Cell Death Discov ; 10(1): 90, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374143

RESUMO

Heat shock protein family B [small] member 6 (HSPB6), widely found in various muscles, has been recently identified as a tumor suppressor gene. However, its role in prostate cancer remains unexplored. Herein, we investigated the expression of HSPB6 in prostate cancer and its association with prognosis. Our findings revealed that HSPB6 downregulation in prostate cancer correlated with a poor prognosis. Moreover, we discovered that HSPB6 can be phosphorylated and activated by 8-Br-cGMP, leading to apoptosis in prostate cancer cells by activating Cofilin. Additionally, we demonstrated that knocking down E2F1 by quinidine administration enhances the transcriptional level of HSPB6. Furthermore, we evaluated the combination of quinidine and 8-Br-cGMP as a potential therapeutic strategy for prostate cancer. Our results revealed that the combined treatment was more effective than either treatment alone in inhibiting the growth of prostate cancer through the HSPB6 pathway, both in vitro and in vivo. Overall, our study provides compelling evidence that HSPB6 suppresses malignant behavior in prostate cancer by inducing apoptosis. The combination of quinidine and 8-Br-cGMP emerges as a promising approach for the treatment of prostate cancer.

13.
J Chromatogr A ; 1717: 464707, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38310703

RESUMO

Detecting trace endocrine disruptors in water is crucial for evaluating the water quality. In this work, a innovative modified polyacrylonitrile@cyanuric chloride-triphenylphosphine nanofiber membrane (PAN@CC-TPS) was prepared by in situ growing triazine porous organic polymers on the polyacrylonitrile (PAN) nanofibers, and used in the dispersive solid phase extraction (DSPE) to enrich trace nitrobenzene phenols (NPs) in water. The resluted PAN@CC-TPS nanofiber membrane consisted of numerous PAN nanofibers cover with CC-TPS solid spheres (∼2.50 µm) and owned abundant functional groups, excellent enrichment performance and good stability. In addition, the method based on PAN@CC-TPS displayed outstanding capacity in detecting the trace nitrobenzene phenols, with 0.50-1.00 µg/L of the quantification, 0.10-0.80 µg/L of the detection limit, 85.35-113.55 % of the recovery efficiency, and 98.08-103.02 of the enrichment factor, which was comparable to most materials. Meanwhile, when PAN@CC-TPS was adopted in the real water samples (sea water and river water), the high enrichment factors and recovery percentages strongly confirmed the feasibility of PAN@CC-TPS for enriching and detecting the trace NPs. Besides, the related mechanism of extracting NPs on PAN@CC-TPS mainly involved the synergistic effect of hydrogen bonding, π-π stacking and hydrophobic effect.


Assuntos
Nanofibras , Nitrofenóis , Compostos Organofosforados , Nanofibras/química , Porosidade , Polímeros , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Fenóis/análise , Antifúngicos , Triazinas/química , Nitrobenzenos , Limite de Detecção , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
14.
Gene ; 905: 148232, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309317

RESUMO

The lncRNA plays an important role in tumorigenesis and the progression of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). LINC00645 is one of the most different expressed lncRNA between RCC and normal renal tissue. However, the regulatory mechanism of LINC00645 in RCC remains unknown. Our results indicated that LINC00645 inhibited RCC proliferation, migration, and invasion. Mechanistically, HNRNPA2B1 directly bound to ROCK1 mRNA and strengthened its stability. LINC00645 competitively bound to the RRM1 domain, which is responsible for interacting with ROCK1 mRNA, reducing ROCK1 mRNA level by affecting posttranscriptional destabilization. The expression of LINC00645 was significantly reduced in RCC cells, significantly upregulating ROCK1 by abolishing the interaction with HNRNPA2B1, finally promoting RCC proliferation, migration, and invasion. Moreover, RCC cells with lower LINC00645 expression were more sensitive to the ROCK1 inhibitor Y-27632. Our study indicates that decreased expression of LINC00645 promotes the RCC progression via HNRNPA2B1/ROCK1 axis, providing a promising treatment strategy for RCC patients with decreased LINC00645 expression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante , Quinases Associadas a rho , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Quinases Associadas a rho/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4681, 2024 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409441

RESUMO

The preparation process and composition design of heavy-section ductile iron are the key factors affecting its fracture toughness. These factors are challenging to address due to the long casting cycle, high cost and complex influencing factors of this type of iron. In this paper, 18 cubic physical simulation test blocks with 400 mm wall thickness were prepared by adjusting the C, Si and Mn contents in heavy-section ductile iron using a homemade physical simulation casting system. Four locations with different cooling rates were selected for each specimen, and 72 specimens with different compositions and cooling times of the heavy-section ductile iron were prepared. Six machine learning-based heavy-section ductile iron fracture toughness predictive models were constructed based on measured data with the C content, Si content, Mn content and cooling rate as input data and the fracture toughness as the output data. The experimental results showed that the constructed bagging model has high accuracy in predicting the fracture toughness of heavy-section ductile iron, with a coefficient of coefficient (R2) of 0.9990 and a root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.2373.

16.
Intractable Rare Dis Res ; 13(1): 69-72, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38404734

RESUMO

Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked recessive primary immunodeficiency disorder. Mutations in the WAS gene are considered to be the primary cause of WAS. In this work, we report a boy who presented with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) as an initial symptom and detects a novel pathogenic synonymous mutation in his WAS gene. His mother was a carrier of the mutant gene. The mutation, located at position c.273 (c.273 G>A) in exon 2, is a synonym mutation and predicted to affect protein expression by disrupting gene splicing. This study summarizes the diagnosis and treatment process of the patient and expands the genetic spectrum of WAS.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 63(9): 4185-4195, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364251

RESUMO

Posttreatment of pristine metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with suitable vapor may be an effective way to regulate their structures and properties but has been less explored. Herein, we report an interesting example in which a crystalline nonporous Eu(III)-MOF was transferred to a porous amorphous MOF (aMOF) via iodine vapor adsorption-desorption posttreatment, and the resulting aMOF showed improved turn-on sensing properties with respect to Ag+ ions. The crystalline Eu-MOF, namely, Eu-IPDA, was assembled from Eu(III) and 4,4'-{4-[4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl)phenyl]pyridine-2,6-diyl}dibenzoic acid (H2IPDA) and exhibited a two-dimensional (2D) coordination network based on one-dimensional secondary building blocks. The close packing of the 2D networks gives rise to a three-dimensional supramolecular framework without any significant pores. Interestingly, the nonporous Eu-IPDA could absorb iodine molecules when Eu-IPDA crystals were placed in iodine vapor at 85 °C, and the adsorption capacity was 1.90 g/g, which is comparable to those of many MOFs with large BET surfaces. The adsorption of iodine is attributed to the strong interactions among the iodine molecule, the carboxy group, and the N-containing group and leads to the amorphization of the framework. After immersion of the iodine-loaded Eu-IPDA in EtOH, approximately 89.7% of the iodine was removed, resulting in a porous amorphous MOF, denoted as a-Eu-IPDA. In addition, the remaining iodine in the a-Eu-IPDA framework causes strong luminescent quenching in the fluorescence emission region of the Eu(III) center when compared with that in Eu-IPDA. The luminescence intensity of a-Eu-IPDA in water suspensions was significantly enhanced when Ag+ ions were added, with a detection limit of 4.76 × 10-6 M, which is 1000 times that of pristine Eu-IPDA. It also showed strong anti-interference ability over many common competitive metal ions and has the potential to sense Ag+ in natural water bodies and traditional Chinese medicine preparations. A mechanistic study showed that the interactions between Ag+ and the absorbed iodine, the carboxylate group, and the N atoms all contribute to the sensing performance of a-Eu-IPDA.

19.
Int J Prosthodont ; 37(1): 49-58, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38381984

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the biomechanical responses of a normal mandible to an osteoporotic mandible with two-implant-supported magnetic attachments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3D finite-element model of a two-implant-supported mandibular overdenture with magnetic attachments was developed, and normal and osteoporotic bone samples were prepared. Four types of load were applied to the overdenture in each model: 100 N vertical and oblique loads on the right first molar, and a 100 N vertical load on the right canine and incisors. Biomechanical behaviors of the peri-implant bone, implant, and mucosa were recorded. Maximum equivalent stresses and elastic strains were analyzed. RESULTS: Equivalent elastic strain in osteoporotic cortical and cancellous bone was 9% to 71% and was 142% and 207% greater than in normal cortical bone, respectively. Equivalent elastic strain in the first molar oblique loading condition was 101% to 190% greater than in the first molar vertical loading condition. CONCLUSIONS: Osteoporotic cancellous bone was weaker and less resistant to deformation than normal bone, and oblique loading was more harmful than vertical loading.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Revestimento de Dentadura , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Mandíbula , Fenômenos Magnéticos , Estresse Mecânico
20.
Waste Manag ; 178: 57-65, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38377769

RESUMO

An annual production of about 500 million tons of household food waste (HFW) has been documented, resulting in significant implications for human health and the environment in the absence of appropriate treatment. The anaerobic fermentation of HFW in an open system offers the potential to recover high value-added products, lactic acid (LA), thereby simultaneously addressing waste treatment and enhancing resource recovery efficiency. Most of LA fermentation studies have been conducted under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions, with limited research on the production of LA through anaerobic fermentation under hyperthermophilic conditions. This study aimed to produce LA through anaerobic fermentation from HFW under hyperthermophilic conditions (70 ± 1 °C), while varying pH values (5.0 ± 0.1, 7.0 ± 0.1, and 9.0 ± 0.1), and compare the results with LA production under mesophilic (35 ± 1 °C) and thermophilic (52 ± 1 °C) conditions. The findings of this study indicated that the combination of hyperthermophilic conditions and a neutral pH (pH7_70) yielded the highest concentration of LA, measuring at 17.75 ± 1.51 g/L. The mechanism underlying the high yield of LA at 70 °C was elucidated through the combined analysis of organics dissolution, enzymes activities, and 16S rRNA microbiome sequencing.


Assuntos
Ácido Láctico , Eliminação de Resíduos , Humanos , Reatores Biológicos , 60659 , Alimentos , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Fermentação , Archaea
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