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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497543

RESUMO

Italy was the first country in the western world to be affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, arguably among the worst-affected ones, counting 12 million cases and 150 thousand deaths two years since the first case. Facing new challenges, Italy has enacted different strategies and policies to limit the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus and treat those affected by COVID-19. This narrative review provided an overview of factors, measures, and actions that shaped Italy's first two years of the COVID-19 pandemic by investigating epidemiological data and using a mixed-method approach. This narrative review aimed to summarize the most relevant aspects and measures and analyze available data to provide policymakers and healthcare providers with the instruments to learn from this pandemic and improve their preparedness for future pandemic events. The first two years of the pandemic differ in that, during the first year, significant necessary changes to the way health systems were organized were implemented, increasing healthcare spending and adopting social and physical distancing measures that were stricter than the ones adopted in the second year. However, as the pandemic progressed, increased knowledge of the virus and related variants, as well as the introduction of highly effective vaccines, which were not equally available to the whole population, resulted in a stratification of COVID-19 infections and deaths based on factors such as age, vaccination status, and individual susceptibility to the virus.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Humanos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , SARS-CoV-2 , Distanciamento Físico , Atenção à Saúde , Itália/epidemiologia
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36497903

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (RC) is the third most common cancer, with an increasing incidence in recent years. Digital health solutions supporting multidisciplinary tumor boards (MTBs) could improve positive outcomes for RC patients. This paper describes the implementation process of a digital solution within the RC-MTB and its impact analysis in the context of the Fondazione Policlinico 'A. Gemelli' in Italy. Adopting a two-phase methodological approach, the first phase qualitatively describes each phase of the implementation of the IT platform, while the second phase quantitatively describes the analysis of the impact of the IT platform. Descriptive and inferential analyses were performed for all variables, with a p-value < 0.05 being considered statistically significant. The implementation of the platform allowed more healthcare professionals to attend meetings and resulted in a decrease in patients sent to the RC-MTB for re-staging and further diagnostic investigations and an increase in patients sent to the RC-MTB for treatment strategies. The results could be attributed to the facilitated access to the platform remotely for specialists, partly compensating for the restrictions imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as to the integration of the platform into the hospital's IT system. Furthermore, the early involvement of healthcare professionals in the process of customizing the platform to the specific needs of the RC-MTB may have facilitated its use and contributed to the encouraging quantitative results.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde , Itália/epidemiologia
3.
Lancet Reg Health Eur ; 23: 100522, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405402

RESUMO

Background: Food environments have been recognised as highly influential on population diets. Government policies have great potential to create healthy food environments to promote healthy diets. This study aimed to evaluate food environment policy implementation in European countries and identify priority actions for governments to create healthy food environments. Methods: The Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI) was used to evaluate the level of food environment policy and infrastructure support implementation in Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain in 2019-2021. Evidence of implementation of food environment policies was compiled in each country and validated by government officials. National experts evaluated the implementation of policies and identified priority recommendations. Findings: Finland had the highest proportion (32%, n = 7/22) of policies shaping food environments with a "high" level of implementation. Slovenia and Poland had the highest proportion of policies rated at very low implementation (42%, n = 10/24 and 36%, n = 9/25 respectively). Policies regarding food provision, promotion, retail, funding, monitoring, and health in all policies were identified as the most important gaps across the European countries. Experts recommended immediate action on setting standards for nutrients of concern in processed foods, improvement of school food environments, fruit and vegetable subsidies, unhealthy food and beverage taxation, and restrictions on unhealthy food marketing to children. Interpretation: Immediate implementation of policies and infrastructure support that prioritize action towards healthy food environments is urgently required to tackle the burden of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases in Europe. Funding: This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 774548 and from the Joint Programming Initiative "A Healthy Diet for a Healthy Life".

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429708

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women, with a complex clinical path that involves several professionals and that requires a multidisciplinary approach. However, the effectiveness of breast cancer multidisciplinary care and the processes that contribute to its effectiveness have not yet been firmly determined. This study aims to evaluate the impact of multidisciplinary tumor boards on breast cancer care outcomes. A systematic literature review was carried out through Scopus, Web of Science and Pubmed databases. The search was restricted to articles assessing the impact of MTB implementation on breast cancer care. Fourteen studies were included in the review. The most analyzed outcomes were diagnosis, therapy and survival. Four out of four studies showed that, with implementation of an MTB, there was a change in diagnosis, and all reported changes in the treatment plan after MTB implementation. A pooled analysis of three studies reporting results on the outcome "mortality" showed a statistically significant 14% reduction in mortality relative risk for patients enrolled versus not enrolled in an MTB. This study shows that MTB implementation is a valuable approach to deliver appropriate and effective care to patients affected by breast cancer and to improve their outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Feminino , Humanos , Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Procedimentos Clínicos , Publicações , PubMed
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 920578, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36276379

RESUMO

Background: Robotic surgery for malignant uterine cancer raises issue of economic sustainability for providers. The objective of this study was to assess the value of surgical admissions for malignant uterine cancer in a University Hospital through an analysis of their costs and outcomes by comparing three different surgical approaches (laparotomy, laparoscopic, and robotic surgery). Methods: Hospitalizations between 1 January 2019 and 31 October 2021 for malignant uterine cancer surgery were selected and stratified. For each surgical approach, mean values (with 95% confidence intervals, CI) were calculated for cost items. Moreover, 30-day readmission frequency was calculated for the three approaches compared to each other. ANOVA and Student's t-test and relative risk (RR) were used for statistical analysis. A break-even analysis was carried out by evaluating the volume of robotic and non-robotic surgical admissions. Results: A total of 1,336 hospitalizations were included in the study, 366 with robotic, 591 with laparoscopic, and 379 with laparotomy surgery. Robotic surgery, compared to laparoscopic and laparotomy ones, showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.001) in the economic margin, which was largely negative (-1069.18 €; 95%CI:-1240.44--897.92 €) mainly due to devices cost, and a lower percentage of 30-day readmissions (1.4%; 95%CI: 0.2-2.6%), with a statistically significant difference only vs. laparotomy (p = 0.029). Laparoscopic compared to laparotomy surgery showed a significantly (p < 0,001) more profitable economic margin (1692.21 €; 95%CI: 1531.75 €-1852.66 €) without a significant difference for 30-day readmissions. Break-even analysis showed that, on average, for each malignant uterine cancer elective surgery performed laparoscopically, 1.58 elective robotic surgeries are sustainable for the hospital (95% CI: 1.23-2.06). Conclusion: Break-even analysis could be a useful tool to support hospital management in planning and governance of malignant uterine cancer surgery. Systematic application of this tool will allow defining over time right distribution of robotic, laparoscopic, and laparotomy surgeries' volumes to perform to ensure both quality and economic-financial balance and therefore value of uterine oncological surgery. Concerning research, this study paves the way for a multicentric study, the extension of outcomes of malignant uterine surgery to be considered and assessed, and the future inclusion of other therapeutic interventions in the analysis.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Uterinas , Feminino , Humanos , Laparotomia , Neoplasias Uterinas/cirurgia , Hospitalização , Hospitais
6.
Ann Ist Super Sanita ; 58(1): 55-66, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35324475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This work aims to identify policies implemented for healthy food environments in Italy within The Healthy Food Environment Policy Index (Food-EPI) project. METHODS: Food-EPI tool, which includes two components, thirteen domains and fifty good practice indicators, was adapted for the Italian context. Evidence for implementation was gathered and summarized for all fifty indicators from data sources such as governmental websites, non-government organizations publications and websites and via direct contact with Government officials. RESULTS: The highest level of evidence was found within five domains: food composition (2/2 indicators), labelling (3/4), promotion (4/5), provision (4/5) and leadership (5/5). The domains with less identified evidence were food prices (1/4), food in retail (0/4), trade and investment (0/2) and platforms and interaction (1/4). CONCLUSIONS: The evidence summarization and the upcoming stakeholders' meeting to rate the level of implementation for each indicator in Italy have the potential to improve Government commitment to shape healthier food environments.


Assuntos
Governo , Políticas , Alimentos , Humanos , Itália , Marketing
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34065117

RESUMO

As the COVID-19 outbreak traveled through various Italian regions, all national and local administrations issued measures to counter the spread of the contagion and organize healthcare. The Italian healthcare system is, indeed, a decentralized system with 21 regional health systems (RHSs), with different models of healthcare service delivery and organization. This study investigates whether a different organization of RHSs would have led to different management of the COVID-19 epidemic, and evaluates the effect of different approaches in epidemic management on the COVID-19 epidemiological trend. A set of indicators is identified by conducting an online synchronous Focus Group, involving an experts panel. A Pearson's correlation test was performed on the values assumed by the historical series of indicators investigate correlations among the trends represented by the indicators or between them and external factors. The comparison between the experiences of the different Italian regions, regarding the management of the epidemic, has helped to confirm and emphasize the importance of a community-based approach in health care-integrated with the hospital's functions for the care of complex conditions and the need for specialized assistance.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Epidemias , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Modelos Organizacionais , SARS-CoV-2
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 407, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33933068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To keep a high quality of assistance it is important for hospitals to invest in health technologies (HTs) that have the potential of improving health outcomes. Even though guidance exists on how HTs should be introduced, used and dismissed, there is a surprising gap in literature concerning the awareness of hospitals in the actual utilization of HTs. METHODS: We performed a systematic literature review of qualitative and quantitative studies aimed at investigating hospital contextual factors that influence the actual utilization of HTs. PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Econlit and Ovid Medline electronic databases were searched to retrieve articles published in English and Italian from January 2000 to January 2019. The quality of the included articles was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme checklist for qualitative studies, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for the cross-sectional studies and the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool for mixed method studies. RESULTS: We included 33 articles, which were of moderate to high methodological quality. The included articles mostly addressed the contextual factors that impact the implementation of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Overall, for all HTs, the hospital contextual factors were part of four categories: hospital infrastructure, human resource management, financial resources and leadership styles. CONCLUSION: Our systematic review reported that the contextual factors influencing the HTs utilization at hospital level are mainly explored for ICTs. Several factors should be considered when planning the implementation of a new HTs at hospital level. A potential publication bias might be present in our work, since we included articles published only in English and Italian Language, from January 2000 to January 2019. There remains a gap in the literature on the facilitators and barriers influencing the implementation and concrete utilization of medical and surgical HTs, suggesting the need for further studies for a better understanding.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Itália , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33562016

RESUMO

Healthcare organisations are social systems in which human resources are the most important factor. Leadership plays a key role, affecting outcomes for professionals, patients and work environment. The aim of this research was to identify and analyse the knowledge present to date concerning the correlation between leadership styles and nurses' job satisfaction. A systematic review was carried out on PubMed, CINAHL and Embase using the following inclusion criteria: impact of different leadership styles on nurses' job satisfaction; secondary care; nursing setting; full-text available; English or Italian language. From 11,813 initial titles, 12 studies were selected. Of these, 88% showed a significant correlation between leadership style and nurses' job satisfaction. Transformational style had the highest number of positive correlations followed by authentic, resonant and servant styles. Passive-avoidant and laissez-faire styles, instead, showed a negative correlation with job satisfaction in all cases. Only the transactional style showed both positive and negative correlation. In this challenging environment, leaders need to promote technical and professional competencies, but also act to improve staff satisfaction and morale. It is necessary to identify and fill the gaps in leadership knowledge as a future objective to positively affect health professionals' job satisfaction and therefore healthcare quality indicators.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras Administradoras , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Liderança , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos
10.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 1038, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients' increasing needs and expectations require an overall assessment of hospital performance. Several international agencies have defined performance indicators sets but there exists no unanimous classification. The Impact HTA Horizon2020 Project wants to address this aspect, developing a toolkit of key indicators to measure hospital performance. The aim of this review is to identify and classify the dimensions of hospital performance indicators in order to develop a common language and identify a shared evidence-based way to frame and address performance assessment. METHODS: Following the PRISMA statement, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science databases were queried to perform an umbrella review. Reviews focusing on hospital settings, published January 2000-June 2019 were considered. The quality of the studies selected was assessed using the AMSTAR2 tool. RESULTS: Six reviews ranging 2002-2014 were included. The following dimensions were described in at least half of the studies: 6 studies classified efficiency (55 indicators analyzed); 5 studies classified effectiveness (13 indicators), patient centeredness (10 indicators) and safety (8 indicators); 3 studies responsive governance (2 indicators), staff orientation (10 indicators) and timeliness (4 indicators). Three reviews did not specify the indicators related to the dimensions listed, and one article gave a complete definition of the meaning of each dimension and of the related indicators. CONCLUSIONS: The research shows emphasis of the importance of patient centeredness, effectiveness, efficiency, and safety dimensions. Especially, greater attention is given to the dimensions of effectiveness and efficiency. Assessing the overall quality of clinical pathways is key in guaranteeing a truly effective and efficient system but, to date, there still exists a lack of awareness and proactivity in terms of measuring performance of nodes within networks. The effort of classifying and systematizing performance measurement techniques across hospitals is essential at the organizational, regional/national and possibly international levels to deliver top quality care to patients.


Assuntos
Hospitais/normas , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
11.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 76(4): 225-239, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161420

RESUMO

Clinical risk management is a key area in terms of healthcare quality, especially within intensive-care settings and in the case of pediatric patients. The objective of this review is to assess the impact of tools for clinical risk management in pediatric intensive-care settings. Pubmed and Web of Science were queried to carry out a systematic review, using the PICO methodology (June 2019). Primary studies of applicative experiences of clinical risk management that had impacts in pediatric intensive care units were included. A total of 1178 articles were reviewed and 20 were included. Reactive risk management tools were used in 10 studies; proactive tools in 7; both reactive and proactive tools in 3. Sixteen studies out of 20 concerned drugs; other topics included: transition from hospital to primary care, hand hygiene, organizational aspects, human milk administration. Seven studies (35%) reported organizational impacts; Ten studies (50%) reported clinical and organizational impacts; Three studies (15%) reported organizational, clinical and economic impacts. The introduction of clinical risk management tools resulted in changes within the setting considered; combined use of reactive and proactive methodologies was highlighted in various studies, as well as an increasing focus on proactive tools, both drawing a growing trend over time.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Criança , Hospitais , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gestão de Riscos/normas
12.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 8(3)2020 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605108

RESUMO

The availability of several effective and safe vaccines enables health systems to counteract annual influenza epidemics. However, the criteria of appropriateness and sustainability require that each citizen should receive the right vaccine. The value of each vaccine can be assessed within well-known frameworks, such as the Health Technology Assessment (HTA), a step that is fundamental to the process of allocating resources to vaccination strategies. The paper describes how HTA has been incorporated as an evidence-based tool to support the definition of Italian vaccination strategies, reports the results of the HTA report on the most recently available influenza vaccine in Italy (cell-based quadrivalent vaccine (QIVc)-Flucelvax® Tetra) and elaborates on current and future recommendations in the field of influenza vaccination. Recommendations issued by the Italian Ministry of Health foster the appropriate use of influenza vaccines from 2018-2019 onwards. Evidence of the value of newly available vaccines will hopefully support future decisions and promote the appropriate use of these vaccines on the basis of the characteristics of the target population. However, the success of influenza vaccination will also depend on citizens' empowerment and engagement in the decision-making process.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545827

RESUMO

The WHO declared the novel coronavirus disease a pandemic, with severe consequences for health and global economic activity and Italy is one of the hardest hit countries. This study aims to assess the socio-economic burden of COVID-19 pandemic in Italy through the estimation of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) and productivity loss. The observational study was based on data from official governmental sources collected since the inception of epidemic until 28 April 2020. DALYs for a disease combines the years of life lost due to premature mortality in the population and the years lost due to disability of the disease. In addition to DALYs, temporary productivity loss due to absenteeism from work and permanent productivity loss due to premature mortality were estimated using the Human Capital Approach. The total DALYs amount to 2.01 per 1000 persons. The total permanent productivity loss was around EUR 300 million while the temporary productivity loss was around EUR 100 million. This evaluation does not consider other economic aspects related to lockdown, quarantine of contacts, healthcare direct costs etc. The burden of disease methodology is functional metric for steering choices of health policy and allowing the government to be accountable for the utilization of resources.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Mortalidade Prematura , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Custos e Análise de Custo , Eficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 20(1): 73, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor Boards (TBs) are Multidisciplinary Team (MDT) meetings in which different specialists work together closely sharing clinical decisions in cancer care. The composition is variable, depending on the type of tumor discussed. As an organizational tool, MDTs are thought to optimize patient outcomes and to improve care performance. The aim of the study was to perform an umbrella review summarizing the available evidence on the impact of TBs on healthcare outcomes and processes. METHODS: Pubmed and Web of Science databases were investigated along with a search through citations. The only study design included was systematic review. Only reviews published after 1997 concerning TBs and performed in hospital settings were considered. Two researchers synthetized the studies and assessed their quality through the AMSTAR2 tool. RESULTS: Five systematic reviews published between 2008 and 2017 were retrieved. One review was focused on gastrointestinal cancers and included 16 studies; another one was centered on lung cancer and included 16 studies; the remaining three studies considered a wide range of tumors and included 27, 37 and 51 studies each. The main characteristics about format and members and the definition of TBs were collected. The decisions taken during TBs led to changes in diagnosis (probability to receive a more accurate assessment and staging), treatment (usually more appropriate) and survival (not unanimous improvement shown). Other outcomes less highlighted were quality of life, satisfaction and waiting times. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that the multidisciplinary approach is the best way to deliver the complex care needed by cancer patients; however, it is a challenge that requires organizational and cultural changes and must be led by competent health managers who can improve teamwork within their organizations. Further studies are needed to reinforce existing literature concerning health outcomes. Evidence on the impact of TBs on clinical practices is still lacking for many aspects of cancer care. Further studies should aim to evaluate the impact on survival rates, quality of life and patient satisfaction. Regular studies should be carried out and new process indicators should be defined to assess the impact and the performance of TBs more consistently.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Neoplasias/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
15.
Eur J Public Health ; 30(2): 219-223, 2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Organizational aspects in Health Technology Assessment (HTA) reports play a significant role in managing policies and strategies to implement new health technologies. The organizational domain, however, is often under-represented in HTA reports. This study explored how organizational assessment is carried out in HTA reports and designed a new perspective through an empirical approach after the comparison with EUnetHTA's Core Model 3.0. METHODS: Full HTA reports were extracted from the websites of members of International Network of Agencies for HTA and the aspects relating to the organizational assessment were analysed. HTA reports were classified into 4 typologies of technologies (device, diagnosis/screening, intervention and organizational procedures) and organizational aspects described were explored through a framework of 5 domains and 15 subdomains from Core Model. Specific Multiple Correspondence Analyses were carried out to identify technology-related domains for organizational assessment in reports. RESULTS: The analysis showed that domains and subdomains of Core Model were not covered homogeneously by the organizational assessments in the HTA reports. Through Multiple Correspondence Analyses, four new technology-related dimensions were identified and named according to the Core Model's subdomains in the four new clusters. CONCLUSIONS: This study analyzed the significance of organizational assessments in current literature and the challenges of improving this domain in HTA reports. Through an empirical analysis, we proposed a new methodology to cover the most relevant aspects of organizational appraisal according to new domains to promote support to the assessment of organizational issues in reports and fulfil the needs of future HTA research.


Assuntos
Tecnologia Biomédica , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Humanos
16.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 75(1): 11-28, 2019.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185488

RESUMO

A Surgical Suite (SS) is a complex system in which different healthcare professionals work. Inefficient management could lead to waste of money and time and reduce quality of care. The aim of the study was to carry out an organizational assessment of a SS in northern Italy, in order to identify weaknesses and inadequacies related to its performance and promote strategies to increase efficiency. The study was conducted by process mapping of the working context, qualitative and quantitative analysis of patient documents and an evaluation of the critical issues using the root cause analysis (RCA) tool. The Plan Do Check Act (PDCA) method was used to implement the necessary changes. A detailed description of the staff involved, medical devices available, organization and timing of the SS was performed. Inefficiencies in the unit were caused mainly by insufficient medical devices and underusage of the radiological software Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS). Root causes of inefficiencies were identified and classified into four areas: organization/structure, personnel, technologies and methods. In particular, critical issues were identified in: the planning processes, the heterogeneity of technical and Information technology skills and educational background of nursing staff, the presence of several computerized information systems and lack of a connection interface between the different software, the lack of internal procedures and paths and lack of continuing professional education opportunities. Two multidisciplinary working tables were launched by the hospital management in order to identify improvement strategies. The evaluation allowed us to define the root causes of SS inefficiency in this hospital, leading to a reorganization with a view to continuous improvement. An innovative aspect of the present study was the use of RCA to perform an organizational assessment in healthcare, rather than as a reactive risk management tool.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde/normas , Hospitais , Análise de Causa Fundamental , Centro Cirúrgico Hospitalar/normas , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Itália
17.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 75(1): 29-50, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185489

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to review experiences of use of the Lean methodology in the hospital setting and assess the impact of the interventions in terms of time of processes, productivity, effects on staff and patientd satisfaction. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus and CINAHL databases were searched to identify studies evaluating the lean methodology. Two reviewers screened the citations identified and extracted data according to the PRISMA methodology. RESULTS: In total, 635 citations were identified, of which 27 were included in the present review. Most studies showed a positive outcome related to the implementation of the Lean methodology and tools.


Assuntos
Atenção à Saúde , Hospitais , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas
18.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 75(1): 62-76, 2019.
Artigo em Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185491

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to map a patient's journey along all stages of his daily care path in an Oncology outpatient department, to identify and eliminate "bottleneck" situations that interfere with the patient's flow of care. The main key performance indicators used in the study were: waiting times for each stage of the care process, time required for each activity, and resources used. METHODS: The study was conducted from 17-30 January 2018 at the medical oncology clinic of a large university teaching and research hospital in Italy. We analyzed all the healthcare services provided during the monitoring period, dividing them into: first appointments, therapy, visits for adjustments of the therapeutic plan, visits for i.v. therapy, visits for oral therapy, follow-up visits, other visits (e.g. for positioning of peripherally inserted central catheter). Data collection was performed by administering two questionnaires: a Patient Journey (PJ) questionnaire to patients and a Medical Journey (MJ) questionnaire to clinicians. This project employed Lean principles in order to: view the process and specify value through the patient's point of view, identify waste in processes and eliminate any steps lacking any added value, reduce variation of and leveling workload to improve quality and ?ow of care, engage patients and staff to redesign the process. RESULTS: The response rate in 1351 outpatients who were invited to participate was 63%; for doctors it was 81%. The mean waiting time for first visits and follow up visits performed in a single day was 50 minutes. An audit process was thus performed and a series of quality improvement measures were defined and shared with health professionals. CONCLUSIONS: The Lean methodology could provide a robust framework for improved understanding and management of complex system constraints in outpatient oncology clinics, and could result in improved access to treatment and reduced waiting times for patients.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Oncologia/normas , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Melhoria de Qualidade , Eficiência Organizacional , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Itália , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
19.
Int J Health Care Qual Assur ; 32(3): 588-598, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018795

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A clinical pathway for patients with acute ischemic stroke was implemented in 2014 by one Italian teaching hospital multidisciplinary team. The purpose of this paper is to determine whether this clinical pathway had a positive effect on patient management by comparing performance data. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Volume, process and outcome indicators were analyzed in a pre-post retrospective observational study. Patients' (admitted in 2013 and 2015) medical records with International Classification of Diseases, ICD-9 code 433.x (precerebral artery occlusion and stenosis), 434.x (cerebral artery occlusion) and 435.x (transient cerebral ischemia) and registered correctly according to hospital guidelines were included. FINDINGS: An increase context-sensitive in-patient numbers with more severe cerebrovascular events and an increase in patient transfers from the Stroke to Neurology Unit within three days (70 percent, p=0.25) were noted. Clinical pathway implementation led to an increase in patient flow from the Emergency Department to dedicated specialized wards such as the Stroke and Neurology Unit (23.7 percent, p<0.001). Results revealed no statistically significant decrease in readmission rates within 30 days (5.7 percent, p=0.85) and no statistically significant differences in 30-day mortality. RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: The pre-post retrospective observational study design was considered suitable to evaluate likely changes in patient flow after clinical pathway implementation, even though this design comes with limitations, describing only associations between exposure and outcome. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: Clinical pathway implementation showed an overall positive effect on patient management and service efficiency owing to the standardized application in time-dependent protocols and multidisciplinary/integrated care implementation, which improved all phases in acute ischemic stroke care.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Procedimentos Clínicos/normas , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Melhoria de Qualidade/organização & administração , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
20.
Eur J Public Health ; 29(5): 900-905, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30929026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The elderly, defined here as subjects aged ≥ 65 years, are among at-risk subjects for whom annual influenza vaccination is recommended. For the 2018/19 season, three vaccine types are available for the elderly in Italy: trivalent inactivated vaccine (TIV), adjuvanted TIV (aTIV) and quadrivalent inactivated vaccines (QIV). No health technology assessment (HTA) of seasonal influenza vaccination in the elderly has previously been conducted in Italy. METHODS: An HTA was conducted in 2017 to analyze the burden of influenza illness, the characteristics, efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of available vaccines and the related organizational and ethical implications. This was then contextualized to the 2018/19 influenza season. Comprehensive literature reviews/analyses were performed and a static mathematical model developed in order to address the above issues. RESULTS: In Italy, influenza is usually less common in the elderly than in other age-classes, but the burden of disease is the highest; >10% of infected elderly subjects develop complications, and about 90% of all influenza-related deaths occur in this age-class. All available vaccines are effective, safe and acceptable from an ethical standpoint. However, aTIV has proved more immunogenic and effective in the elderly. Furthermore, from the third payer's perspective, aTIV is highly cost-effective and cost-saving in comparison with TIV and QIV, respectively. Nevertheless, vaccination coverage needs to be improved. CONCLUSIONS: According to this HTA, aTIV appeared the vaccine of choice in the elderly. HTA should be reapplied whenever new relevant data become available.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Vacinas contra Influenza/uso terapêutico , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Análise Custo-Benefício , Humanos , Vacinas contra Influenza/efeitos adversos , Influenza Humana/epidemiologia , Itália/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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